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JUGEMENTS DU TRIBUNAL ADMINISTRATIF DE

L'ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DU TRAVAIL


SUR REQUETES CONTRE L'ORGANISATION DES
NATIONS UNIES POUR L'DUCATION,LA SCIENCE
ET LA CULTURE

JUDGMENTS OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE


TRIBUNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR
ORGANISATION UPON COMPLAINTS MADE
AGAINST THE UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL,
SCIENTIFI AND CULTURAL ORGANlZATION
PREMIRE PARTIE

REQUTE POUR AVIS CONSULTATIF


ET EXPOSS CRITS

PART 1

l
! REQUEST FOR ADVISORY OPINION
AND WRITTEN STATEMENTS
Le prsent vofurn~doit tre cite coinme suit :
(( J~gementsdz6 Tribanal administratif de I'O. 1 . T . i)

This volume should be quoted as :


" Judpnents of the Administrative Tribufial of the I.L.O."

No de vente :
Sales number
SECTION A.-REQUEST FOR ADVISORY
OPINION

1.-THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS


EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL
ORGANIZATTON TO THE PRESTDENT OF THE INTER-
NATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
[T~anslation]
19 Avenue Klber, Paris XVI,
November 3oth, 1955.
Sir,
1 have the honour t o iliform you that the Executive Board of
the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organi-
zation, by a resoIution adopted at its 42nd session on November
~ S t h ,1955, acting within the framework of Article XII of the
Statute of the Adrninistrat~veTribunal of the International Labour
Organisation, decided t o challenge the decisions rendered by the
Tribunal on April zSth, 1955, in the Leff, Duberg and Wilcox cases
and on October zgth, 1935, in the Bernstein case, and to refer the
question of their validity to the Ii~ternationalCourt of Justice.

Accordingly, the Executive Board of the United rations Educa-


tional, Scientific and Cultural Organization, by a resolution adopted
a t its 42nd session on Novernber 25th, 1955, decided to request t h e
International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on the
following questions :
"Having regard to the Statute of the Administrative Tribunal
of the International Labour Organisation ;
Having regard t o the Staff Regulations and Staff Rules of the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cult~zralOrgani-
zation, and to any other relevant texts ;
Having regard to the contracts of appointment of Messrs.
Dubesg and Leff and Mrs. Wilcox and Mrs. Bernstein :
1.-Was the Administrative Tribunal c o m p t e n t , under Article
II of its Statute, t o hear the cornplaints introdued against
th- 1l m ; t n A kTn+Lme l 7 J , , ~ ~ + ;C ~ ,,"A
P ;~O ~ +l ; & P r117+1?rql
REQWEST EOR ADVISORY OPINION (30 XI 55) 9
(a) Was the Administrative Tribunal cornpetent to
deterinine whether the powes of the Director-General not
to senew fixed-tem appointments ha been exercied for
the good of the service and in the interest of theorganization ?
( b ) Was the Administrative Tribunal competent t o
pronounce on the attitude which the Director-General,
under the terms of the Constitution of the United Nations
Educationd, Scientific and Cultural Organization, ought to
maintain in his relations with a Mernber State, particulasly
as regards the execution of the policy of the Government
authositie of that Member State 3
III.-In any case, what is the validity of the decisions given
by the Administrative Tribunal in its Judgrnents Nos. 17,
18, rg and 21 ?"

One copy each of the French and English texts of the latter
resolution of the Executive Board of the United Nations Educa-
tional, Scientific and Cultural Organization, both duly certified,
are herein enclosed.

I n accordance with Article 65 of the Statute of the International


Court of Justice, 1 shall transmit to the Court al1 docuinents likely
t o throw light upon the question.
I have, etc.
(Signed) Luther H. EVANS,
Director-General.

II.-RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD


O F THE UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAI,, SCIENTIFIC
AND CULTURAL ORGANTZATION, AT ITS ~ Z N DSESSION,
ON 25 NOVEMBER 1955
The Execzttive Board,
Whereas, by its Judgrnents Nos. 17, 18 and rg of 26 April 1955,
and No. 21 of 29 October 1955, the Administrative Tribunal of the
International Labour Organisation confirrned its jurisdiction in
the cornplaints introduced by Messrs, Duberg and Leff and Mrs.
Wilcox and Mrs. Bernstein against the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization,

Whereas Article XII of the Statute of the Administrative Tri-


bunal of the International Labour Organisation provides as
follows :
REQUEST FOR ADVISOKY OPIHION (30 XI 55) IO
"1. In any case 111 which the Executive Board of an inter-
national organization wbich ha made the declaration specified
in Article II, paragraph 5 , of the Statute of the Tribunal chal-
lenges a decision of the Tribunal confirrning its jurisdiction, or
considers that a decision of the Tribunal is vitiated by a funda-
mental fault in the procedure followed, the question of the
validity of the decision given by the Tribunal shall be subrnitted
by the Executive Board concerned, for an advisory opinion, to
the International Court of Justice,
2. The opinion given by the Court hall be binding."

W h ~ r e a sthe Executive Board, after consideration, wishes t o


avail itself of the provisions of the said Article,
Decides t o submit the following legal questions to the Inter-
national Court of Justice for an advisory opinion :
Having regard to the Statute of the Administrative Tribunal
of the International Labour Organisatioii ;
Raving regard to the Staff Hegulatioils and taff Rules of the
United Nations Educatioilal, Scientific and Cizltural Organi-
zation, and to aily other relevant texts ;
Having regard t o the contracts of appoin tmen t of Messrs. Duberg
and Leff and Mrs. Wilcox and Mrs. Bernstein :
1.-Was the Administrative Tribunal competent, under Article
II of its Statute, to hear the cornplaints introduced againt
the United Nations Ed~icational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization on 5 February 1955 by Mer. Duberg and
Leff and Mrs. Wilcox, and on zS Juile 1955 by Mrs. Bernstein 1

II.-In the case of ail affirmative aiiswer to question 1 :


(a} Was the Administrative Tribunal competent to deter-
mine whether the power of the Director-General not t o renew
fixed-terrn appointrnents has been exercised for the good of
the service and in the interet of the Organization ?
(6) Ws the Administrative Tribunal competent to pro-
i~ounceon the attitude which the Director-General, uncler the
ternis of the Constitution af the United Nations Eduational,
Scientific and Culturai Organization, ought t o maintain in
his relations with a Member State, particularly as regards
the execution of the policy of the Government authorities of
tbat Meinber State ?
REQUEST FOE ADYISORY OPINION (30 XI 55) II

III.-En any case, what is the validity of the decisions given by


the Administrative Tribunal in its Judgments Nos. 17, 18,
19 and zr 7

Certified true copy :


November 3oth, 1955.
(Signedl Hanna SABA,
Legal Adviser
of the United Nations Educational,
Scientitic and Cultural Organization.
FILE TRAWSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 13
IV. Records of the qznd session of the Executive Board
relating t o the adoption of the resolution of 25 November
1955 requeting au advisory opinion ;

Y. Statute of the Administrative Tribunal of the Inter-


national Labour Organisation aizd other relevant
instruments ;
VI. Records relatiilg to the ereation of the Administrative
Tribunal of the League of Nations ;
VIX. Records of the Administrative Tribunal of the Inter-
national Labour Organisation ;
VITI. Dossiers of the Du Berg, Leff, Wilox and Bernstein
cases before the Administrative Tribunal of the Inter-
national Labour Organisation.
4. Section 1 contains texts of the Constitution of the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in
force prior to and following the adoption of amendrnents to the
Constitution by the General Conference at it eightk session heId
at Montevideo in November-Decemloer 1954.
5. Section II contain an extract of the Agreement between the
United Nations and Unesco reproducing the text of the Article
thereof dealing with the relations of the United Nations Educa-
tlonal, Scientific and Cultural Organization with the International
Court of Justice.
6. Section III coiltains official records bearing on the recognition
by the United Nations Educational, cientific and Cultural Organi-
zation of the cornpetence of the Administrative Tribunal of the
International Labour Organisation. Documents numbers (5),
(9) and (II) are notes subrnitted by the Director-General t o the
Executive Board and the General Conference. Documents nurnbers
(4)) (6), (IO) and (rzj contain the texts of the various resolutions
adopted on the subjet by the Executive Board and the General
Conference and documents nurnber (71, (8), (13)and (14)reproduce
the texts of letters exchanged for tkat purpose between the Inter-
national Labour Organisation and the United Nations Eduational,
Scien tific and C d tural Organization.
7 . Section IV contains the documents (including summary
records, reports and decisionsj of the 4znd session of the Executive
Board of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization which concern the adoption by the Board of the
resolution of 25 November 1955. Documents (rs) and (16) contain
the umrnary record of the fourteenth and twenty-fifth meetings
of the Executive Board at which the rnatter was consideted. Docu-
ments numbers (r7) and ( ~ gdeal) with the communication t o Mem-
bers of the Executive Board of the texts of the judgments rendered
FILE TRANSMITTET) BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 15
ordinary session of the General Conference. These documents deal
with such questions as the application t o the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization of Executive
Qrders of the President of the United States of America, provisions
of Staff Regulations concerning standards of integrity, common
personnel policy of the United Nations and the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and CuIturl Organization, obligations
and rights of staff members, personnel recruitment standards and
methods, etc.
g. Section V I of the documentation contains documents relaing
t o the creation of the Administrative Tribunal of the League of
Nations. I t contains the texts of the various draft statutes which
~ e s u l t e din the creation in 1927 of the Administrative Tribunal of
the League of Nations, the statute of which became in 1946 the
Statute of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour
Organisation. Documents numbers (57) to (69) are reports and
minutes of meetings of the Superviory Commission of the League
of Nations which was entrusted with the preliminary studies on the
establishment of an Administrative Tribunal ; documents numbers
(70) to (72) relate to the proceedings of the Fourth C.ornmittee of
the Assembly and document nunlber (73) t o the proceedings of the
Assernbly which adopted the Statute in plenary meeting.
IO. Section VI1 gives the texts of the judgments rendered by the
Administrative Tribunal of tlie International Labour Organisation
from 1947 t o 1355, including judgments nurnbers 17, 18,19 and 21
which gave rise to the questions submitted to the Court. The
texts of j udgrnents numbers 17, 18 and rg are d s o found in annex
to a document subrnitted to the Executive Board and which con-
stitutes document numbes (17). The complete series is contained
in documents numbers (74) to (97).
11. Section VI11 of the documentation contains the complete
dossiers of the Du Berg, Leff, Wilcox and Bernstein cases as they
were subrnitted to the Administrative Tribunal of the International
Labour Organisation. The Du Berg, Leff and Wilcox dossiers
were submitted to the Administrative Tribunal at the first part of
its fifth session in April 1955, the Bernstein dossier at the second
part of the ame session in October 1955. The written complaints
instituting proeedings, t ogethes with the accornpanying documen-
tation, are found in documents numbers (98) to (1o8). Each
cornplaint submitted was accompanied by an individual documen-
tation. I n addition, a general documentation was subrnitted
to the Administrative Tribunal at each of the two parts of
the session a t which the cases were considered. The tatements
submitted bv the Or,qanization in reply to the four complaints are
FILE THANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 16
subrnitted in these cases by Mr. Pierre Heilquet, President of the
Staff Association of the United Mations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization. In documents (115) and (1x4)wili be
found the stenographic records of the oral proceedings before the
Administrative Tribunal in the four cases. These records which
have been taken on behalf of the United Nations EducationaI,
Scientific and Cultural Organization are unofficial in character and
do not constitute officia1 records of the Administrative Tribunal ;
Section VI11 also contains documents constituting the terms of
appointment of the fout cornplainants. These documents, numbers
(117)to (rzo), reIate to the original appointments, the proIongation
of the contracts and the expiration of the contracts of the cornplain-
ants.
12. In addition t o the documents transmitted to the Court in
the present documentation, copies of the judgments rendered by
the Administrative Tribunal of the League of Nations during the
years 1929-1946and which fosm part of the historical background '

of the questions submitted to the Court have been sent for the
files of the Registry of the Court. The texts of these judgments
exist in French only.
FILE TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. I7

DOCUMENTS RELATING TO QUESTIONS ON WHICH


AN ADVISORY OPINION IS REQUESTED
BY T H E EXECUTIVE BOARD

(List)
INTRODUCTION
1. CONSTITUTIONAL TEXTS
(1) Constitution of the United Nations Edii- (no symbol)
cational, Scientific and Cultural Organi-
zation [text in force prior to the amend-
ments adopted by the General Confe-
rence of Unesco a t its Eighth Session
lield in Montevideo, November-Decem-
ber 19541
(2) Constitiition of the United Nations Edii- Conference Manual
cational, Scientific and Cultural Organi- 1955, pp. 5-11
zation [as amended hy the General
Conference a t its Eighth Session
held in Rlontevideo, Noveniber-Decem-
ber 1954;
II. AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONSAND THE UNITED
NATIONSEDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC A N D CULTURAL ORGAN~ZAT~ON
.4PPROVED O N 14 ~ E C E M B E R1946 BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLYOF
THE UNITEDNATIONSA N D ON 6 DECEMBER 1946 BY THE GENERAL
CONFERENCE OF UNESCO
(3) [Extract] Article X I (no symbol)
III. RECORDS RELATING TO THE RECOGNITION BY THE UNITEDNATIONS
EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFICA N D CULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE
COMPETENCE OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF THE INTER-
NATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION
(4) Resolution 22 adopted by the General 7C/Resolutions,
Conference of Unesco a t its 7th Session p. 92
(Paris, 1952)
(5) Recognition by Unesco of the jurisdiction 34 Ex113
of an International Administrative
Tribunal
(6) Kesolution 9.3 adopted by the Executive 34 EX/Decisions,
Board of Unesco a t its 34th Session p. 12
(Pans, 1953)
(7) Letter from the Director-General of ODG/SJ/36797o
Unesco to the Director-Gerierai of the
International. Labour Office, dated
15 June 1953, reco izing the com-
tY
petence of the IL Administrative
Tribunal
FILE TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 18
( 6 ) Letter frorn the Director-General of the A T 2-3
International Labour Office to the
acting Director-General of Unesco,
dated j a June 1953,conccrning the
IL0 Administrative Tribunal
(9) Recognition of the cornpetence of an 111- 37 EX133
ternational Administrative Tribunal
'(10) Resolution 11.3 adopted by the Execu- 37 EX/Decisions,
tive Board of Unesco at its 37th Ses- p. 15
sion (Paris, 1954)
( I I ) Recognition of the cornpetence of Inter- ~ C / A B M / I &
national Administrative Tribunal5
(12) Kesolution 11.5.1 adopted hy the Geii- SC/Hesolutions,
eral Conference at its 8th Session p. 20
(Montevideo, 1954)
(13) Letter from the Acting Director-Gen- OnG/SJ/4560gS
eral of Uiiesco to the Director-General
of the International Lahour Office,
dated 20 December 1954, extending
the jurisdiction of the I L 0 Adrninis-
trative Tribunal in rcspect of cases
arisin in the pcriod 1 January 1955
A
t o 31 eeinber 1956
(14) Letter from the Assistant Director- A T 2 - 3
General rif the International Labour
Office to the Acting Director-General
of Unesco, dated 5 Januasy 195.5
I V . XECORDS OF THE 4znd SESSION OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARD KELATING
TO THE AUOPTION OF THE RESOLUTION 01: 25 NOVEMBER1955.
BEQ IJESTTNG AN ABVlSnRI' OI'INIOS
A . S ~ s r n w r y Records of the +~ad Session O/ the Execrttive Bourd
- 14tli
(15) . meeting, zS Novcmber 1955, . - - see 42 EX/SR. 1-27
paragragh r t o 184
(16) 25th meeting, 2 5 November 1955, set: 42 EX!SR.I-Q~
paragraphi 55 t o x5r)
B. Execzctivc Bonrd Iloc~rwenls
(17) JudgmeilC given by the Administrative 42 EX137
Tribunal of the International Labour
Organisation and Annex I
(18)Judgments given on 26 April and zg 42 EX/37,
Octohei- 2955 by the Administrative Annex II
Tribunal of the Interilational Labour
Organisatioi-i ; Statemrnt by the. Prc-
sident of the Staff Association
(19) Eetter of the Secretary of the Executive E X B D / ~ Z O Z S ~
Board dated 8 Novemher 1955,ttans-
mitting to Mernbers of the Executive
Board the texts of tlie judgments
rendered by the Administrative Tri-
hiinal: of the I L 0 on 29 Octobcr 1955
FILE TMNSMI'ITED BU U.N.E.S.C.O. I9
(20) Letter from the Director-General to (no syrnbol)
Dr. Fran Bender, Member of the
Execiitive Boarcl, dated 7 Octo-
ber rg55 and communicated to Mem-
bers of the Executve Board by letter
dated 7 October 1955
(21) Jzidgments given 01-126 April and 29 {no symoi)
October 1955 1) the Administrative
i
Tribunal of the LO. Item 11.1.Note
from the Director-General

C. Resokstions and Decisions adopcd by the Execzttzve Board


(22) Resolution 11.1 adopted by the Execti- 42 EX/Decision,
tive 13oard on 2 5 November 195j pp. 20-21
V. STATUTE OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL
LABOUR ORGANISATION AND OTHER RELEVANT INSTRUMENTS
A. Statute and Rules of CowL of the Administrative TrihnaE of the
Intwnational Labour Orgaltisatio?~
(23) International Labour Organisation. (no symbol)
-Statute of the Administrative Tri-
bunal of the International Labour
Organisation adopted hy the Inter-
national Labour Conference on
g October 1946,and modifiecl by the
said Conference on 29 June 1949
-Rules of Court adopted by the
Administrative Tribunal of the Inter-
national Labour Organisation on
22 Febniary rg47 as amended on
10 Ailgust 1953
-Extract from the Resolution adop-
ted by the Assen~blyof the League of
Nations oii 18 April 1946
B. Sta# Regulations a d Sta# Rules of thc United Natioas Educa-
tional, Sn'entific and Czilt~ralOrganization
(24) Unesco Staff Regulations as adopted by 8CjADM127
the General Coiiference at its seventh
Session and amenrled at its second
extraordinary Szssion
-Unesco Staff Rules as laid down hy
the Director-General [as in force on
r November 19541
( 2 5 ) Arnendments te Staff Regulations and .4BM A/25,
t o Staff Rules arlopted or laid dcrwn A z5 Corr.
after the 8th Session of the General A 33, A 39
Conference and A 50
(26) Provisional Rule 'of Unesco Appeals PEM!Merno/B.18q,
Board as from 16 October 1953 Annex E
PILE TRANSMITTED BY U .N.E.S.C.O. 20
(27) Definitive Statute of Unesco hppeals (no symbol)
Board as adopted by the General
Conference of Unesco on 8 Deceinber
7954, in t h e course of its 8th Sessioii
C. Records oJ the Genwal Confercnce and of the Executive B o w d
relafzng to the fiolicy of the Organisation ~ e g a r d i n gcertain peusovzri.el
gues.iions
i. Second Extraordinar?' Sesszu7c oJ tlte Gsnernl Conference (Paris,
19.531
(28) Application to Ui~esco of Executive 3 XC17
Order I O . ~ S Sof g January 1953 isued
by the President of the United States
of Arnerica, with Annex
(29) Ay lication to Unesco of Executivc 3 XC/7 Add. r
&der 10.422 of g January 1953 iuued
by the President of the United States
of Arnerica. Addendum, with Annex
(35) hp lication ta Unesco of Executive 2 XC/7 Add. 2
Brder 10.422of g January 1g53 issued
by the President of the United States
of Amet-ica. Addendum 2
(31) Interpretation or Amendment of Staff ?- XC/IO
Regulations with respect to standards
of integrity
(3'3) Cummiinication from the Staff Associa- 2 XL!II
tion
433) Verbatin1 Records of the Fourth Ple- z XC/Resolutior~s
nary Meeting of tlie General Confe- and Proceedings,
rence, Thursday 2 July 1953, sea para- pp. 46-60
graphs (12)to (98)
(34) Verbatim Records of the Fifth Plei~ary 2 XC/Resolutions
Meeting of t h e General Confereiice, and Proceedings,
Friday 3 July 1953, see paragraphs yp. 60-65
(11 to. (34)
(35) Kesolution ro.1 adopted by the General 2 EX/Resolutioi~s
Conference on 3 July 1953 and Proceedings,
1" -3
11. I'hirty-Seventh Sessioft of th8 Ertcutave Board (Paris, 19%)
(36) Common personnel policy of the United 37 EXj3z
Nations and Unesco
437) Common personnel policy of the United 37 EXi32 Add.
Nations and Unesco. Addendum :
Comments of the Staff Association

438) Interim Measures in connexion with the 37 EX13j


recmitment of United States citizens
939) Resolutions rr.2, 11.4 and 11.5 adopted 37 EX/Decisions,
by the Executive Board at its 37th pp. 15-16
Session
3
FILE TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.0, 21

iii. Thtrty- Eightla Session of the Exccwtive Board (Venice, 15154)


(40) Siirnmary Records of the fifth Meeting, 38 EXISR. 1-13)
19 July 1954 PP. 33-34
(gr) Summary Records of the srxt1.i Meeting, 38 EX!SR. I-r3,
21 J U ~ 1954
Y PP. 35-40
(42) Summary Records O the tenth Meeting, 38 EX/SR. 2-13,
26 J U ~1954
Y pp. 66-67
(43) Resolution 9.1 a d o p t ~ dby the Esecu- 38 EX/Decisions,
tive Board at it 39th Session P. 7
iv. Etglzth Sesszon O/ lhc Gemerd C o n f e r ~ ~ z c(Montevideo,
e 1954)
(441
. . ., Personnel recruitment Standards and 8CjADMlzr
rnethods
(45) Personnel Policy, Obligations and 8C/ADM/x4
Rights of Staff Members ; proposed
amendment t o the Staff Replations
(46) Surnmary Records of the 17th Meeting
of the Administrative Commission,
2 November 1954,see pragraph
t o (110)
(47) Surnmary Records of the 18th Meeting SC/Proceedings,
of the Administrative Commission, pp. 601-608
29 N~vernber 1954~see paragraphs
(1) t o (105)
(681, Sumrnarv Records of the 19th Meeting SC/Proceedings
Yrn

of the Administrative ~ o n h i s s i o n , pp. 608-630


November 1954, sec yaragraphs fi)
(37)
(49) Surnmary Records of t h e 20th Meeting 8C/ Proceedings,
of the Administrative Cornrnisslon, 30 pp. 6x5-6rg
Novernber 1954, sw lparagraph (40)
t o (79)
(50) Surnrnary Records of the z ~ s tMeeting SCProceedings,
of the Administrative Commission, pp. 620-625
r December 1954,SM ppargraphs ( r )
t o (67)
(51) S u m m q Records of the zznd Jleeting iC/Proceedings,
of the Administrative Commission, pp. 626-630
x Decernber 1954,see paraqaghs (1)
t o (76)
(52) Verbatim Records of the rqth Plenasy 8CJProceedings,
me et in^ of the General Conference, pp. 61-62
13 ~o;ember 1954, see paragaphs
(36) and (37)
(53) Verbatim Records of the 16th Plenary
Meeting of the General Conference,
8 ~ e c e k b e 1954,
r see paragraphs (25)
to (120)
(54) Report of the Administrative Commis-
sion to the General Conference (8CI
ADM13.9, sec parapaphs (25) to (43)
1 FILE TRANSMITTED %Y U.N.E.S.C.O.

(55) Resolution r r .4 adopted by the General 8CiResolutiors,


22

Conference on 9 December rg54 PP. 18-19


(j6) Resolutions v.2.4. and Y.z.5. adopted SC/Resolutions,
by the General Conference on P. 59
8 Decernber 7954 -
VI. RECORDSRELATING TO THE CREATlDN OF THE AUMINISTH.~TEVE
TRIBU~T.~J.
OF THE LEAGUE
OF NATIONS
A. Szb$wwsory Commisszort o j the Leagwe of Natioi6.i
(a) Doczcmsnis of the SuPervzsory Commissioir
(57) Note con tenant quelqilc observations C.C. 196
du Rapporteur de la Commission de
contrale siir la question d'un Tribuilal
Cventuel pour le personnel de la
S . D. N. (ro August 19251
(58) Preliminary draft submitted by the C.. zoo
Secretariat (12 February 1926)
(jg) Observations of the Director of the .C. 203
International Labour OfEce
(27 February rgz6)
(Go} Second prelirninary draft prepared by C.C. 213
the Legal Scction of the Secrelariat
(20 April 1926)
(61) Revised draft siibmittcd by the Secreta- C.C. 222
riat and the Iiiternational Labour
Office (21May I 26)
(02) Draft Report oii t z e Establishment of C.C. 214
an Administrative Tribunal (5 Augiit
19261
(63) Note by the Secretary GencraE CC. "3
(18 January rgz7)
(64) Amendment proposed hy the Secretary C.L. 254
General (February 1927)
Minattes oJ the Supervisory ConaPPtassZort
(17)

(65) 18th Session, fourth sitting, 6 March C.C.lr8th Session]


1926 PV., pp. 46-72
(66) 20th Sess~on,first, second, third aiid C . C . / z ~ t hSession!
fourth sittings, cl. and 5 June rgzb PT;., pp. r-49
(67) zznd Session, tl~irdand fourth si ttiiig, G.C../zend Session/
17February 1927 pv., PP. 49-70
(48) ~ 3 r dSession, April 1927 C.C.lz3rd Session/
PV.,pp. 2-3 and
31-33
( c ) Report O/ the Sufierv~sovy Commission
(69) Report of the Supervisory Commission L.O.N.Oficial
on the establishment of an Adrn~nis- Journal, Special
' trative TnbunaI Supplernent, No.
58, l'P. 250-257
FILE TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.0. 23
B. Fowth Commzttee of the Assembly of the Leagwe
(70) Report submitted to tlie Fourth Corn- A.IV/5.1gz7
mittee of the Assembly by the Sub-
Cornmittee on t h e Administrative
Tribunal
(71) Minutes of the fifth Meeting of the L.O.N.Official
Fourth Cornmittee, 17 Seprember Journal, Special
1927 Supplement, No.
58, PP. 35-36
(72) Report of the Fourth Comrnrttee to the A.721~927.V
Assembly
C . Asssmblyo/ Ihe Leagwe of Nations
(73) zrst Plenary Meeting of the Eigl~th L,O.N.Officia1
Ordinary Sessioi~of the Assembly, Journal, Special
26 eptember 1927 Supplement .
No. 54, p. 201
VIT. RECORDS OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF THE INTER-
NATIONAL LABOUR ORG~N~SATION
A. Jzddgnaents of ihe Administrative T~ibz61talof the Internatio~8wl
Labozcr Organisation, $rior to the jzldgw~enls Nos. 17, 18,
19 alid 21
(74) Judgnient No. I, in the matter of (no s p b o l )
1,hoest against the Secretariat of the
League of Nations
(75) Judgment No. 2, in thc mattcr of Ave-
no1 against the Pensions Fund
(76) Judgment No. 3, in tlie rnatter of Per- I I

rasse against the Secretariat of the


League of Nations
(77) Judgment No. 4 (Arbitral Cornpetence}, Il

in the matter of Weiss against Insti-


t u t international de Coopkration intel-
lectuelle
(78) J u d p e n t No. 5 (Arbitral Cornpetence), ,,
in the rnatter of Hiekel against Insti-
tut international de Coopkration intel-
lectuelle
(79) Judgrnent No. 6 (Arbitral Cornpetence),
in the rnatter of Rothbartk against
Institut international de Coopration
intellectuelle
(80) Judgmen t No. 7 (Arbitral Cornpetence), >,

in the rnatter of Mercier against Insti-


t u t international de Coopkratioil intel-
lectuelle
(SI) Judginent No. 8, in the matter of
Mange against the I4'orld Health
Orgailization
!82) Judgment No. 9, in the matter of Starlre
against the Pensions Fund
F I L E TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 24
(83) Jiidgnient No. IO, in the matter of (no symbol)
March a ainst the International
Labour 8rganisation
(84) Judgment No. II, in the matter of Des-
granges against the Intematioiial
Labour Organisation
(85) Judgrnent No. 12, in the matter of Plis-
sard against the International Labour
Organisation
(86) Judgment No. 13, in the matter of >,
McIntire against United Nations Food
and Agricultiire Organization
(87) Judginent No. 14, in the matter of Tran-
ter against United Nations Food and
Agriculture Organization
(88) Judgment No. 15, in the matter of Leff
against United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization
(89) Judgrnent No. 16 (Arbitral Compe-
teiice), in the matter of Niestl against
Institut international de Coopration
iiitellectuelle
B. Jzcdgnzents of the .4dminislrative Tribunal of the Inter?zntional
Labozcr Organisation Nos. 17, 18, 19 an.d 21
(go) Judgment No. 17, in the matter of Du- (no symbol)
berg against United Nations Educa-
tional, Scientific and Cultural Organi-
zation
(91) Judgment No. 18, in the niatter of Leff
against United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization
(92) Judgment No. 19, in the matter of ,,
Wilcox against United Nations Edu-
cational, Scientific and Cultural Orga-
nization
(93) Judgment No. ~ r in , the matter of ,,
Bernstein against United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization
C. Judgments of the Administrative Tribunal of the International
Labour Orga~zisation,followittg judgments Nos. 17,18,19 and 21

(94) Judgment No. 20, in the matter of (no symbol)


Hartman against World Health
Organization
(95) Judgment No. 22, in the matter of
Froma against United Nations Edu-
catiorial, Scientific and Cultural
Organization
FILE TRANSMTTTED BP U.N.E.S.C.0, 25

(94) Judgment No. 2 3 , in the matter of (no symbol)


Fankey against United Nations
Educationai, Scientific and Cultural
I Organization
(97) Judgment No. 24, in the matter of
Van Gelder against United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization
VIII. DOSSIERS OF THE DUBERG,LEFF, WILCOX AND BERNSTEIN
CASES BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVETRIBUNAL O F THE INTER-
NATIONAL LABOURORGANISATION
A. Wfitten cowqblaints znskt~E21i2g$roceedings on bciaalJ of the four
complaints und documents annexed
(98) Complaint by Mr. Peter Duberg. Facts Annex I
and pleadings
(99) Individual documentation submitted PD-r t o PU-19
by Mr. Peter Duberg
(roo) Camplaint by Mr. David Leff. Facts Annex r
and pleadings
(101) Individual documentation subrnitted DL-r t o DL-I 7
by Mr. David Leff
(roz) Additional note submitted by Mr. DL-4
David Leff
(103) Complaint by Mr. Annette WiIcox. Annex I
Facts and pleadings
(r 04) Individual documentation submitted AW-I to AW-11
b y Mrs. Annctte Wilcox
(r05) General documentation regarding the (no syrnbol)
cornplaints submitted by Messrs.
Duberg and Leff and Mss. Wilcox
(106) Complaint hy Mrs. Kathryn Bern- (no symbol)
stein. Facts and pleadings
(ro7) Individual documentation submitted KB-I to RB-12
by Mrs. Kathryn Bernstein
(108) General documentation regarding the (no symbol)
complaint subrnitted by Mrs.
Kathryn Bernstein
13. Statements ilz re$ly sacbmitted by l'hs defendant Orgariizalio?z
and docwments artnexed
(109)Statement subrnitted by Unesco in (no syrnbol)
reply t o the complaint submitted by
MT.Peter Duberg
(110) Statement subrnitted by Unesco in ,,
reply t o the complaint submitted by
l
MT.David Leff
(III) Statement submitted by Unesco in ,,
reply to the complaint submitted by
Mrs. Wilcos
(rrz) Statement submitted by Unesco in ,,
reply to the cornplaint ubmitted by
Mrs. Bernstein, and documents
annexed
FILE TRANSMITTED BY U.N.E.S.C.O. 26
C. lntervev~tions
(113) Intervening Statement by M. Pierre (no syrnbol)
Henqiiet in the cornplaints submit-
ted by Messrs. Duberg and Leff and
Mrs. Wilcos
(114) Intervening Statement by Mr. Pierre (no symbol)
Henquet in the complaint submitted
by Mrs. Bernstein
D. .Ste~~.ograpllicRecords of the o r ~ lproccedir~gsbefore the Admi.nis-
trative Tribunal of the Internabional Labour Organisation
[unoficiub Records by the defendant Orgartzzation]

(115) Duberg, Leff and Wilcox cases (no symbol)


(116) Bernstein case
E. Tcrms 01 appoiict~nentof the complai7~u~zts
(117) Terrns of appointment of Mr. Peter
Duberg
(11s) Tenns of appointn~ent c)f Mr. David ,,
Leff
(119) Terrils of appointment of Mrs. Annette ,,
Wilcox
(120) Terms of appointment of Mrs. Katliryn
Bernstein

Photostatic copies of 37 judgments delivered by the Administrative


Tribunal of the League of Nations.
Unesco Staff Regulations in force on 6 July 1954 (Preamble, Scope and
Purpose, Articles 1, IV, XI, XII).
Unesco Staff Rules; Prelirninary Provisions and Rules Nos. 48, 51, 52,
53, 61, 94, 98, gg in force on 6 July 1954.
Amendments to Unesco Staff Regulations in Chapters 1and IV, adopted
by the Eighth Session of the General Conference effective as of 8 Decem-
ber 1954 and in force on 28 June 1955.
Amendnients to Unesco Staff Rules; Yrelirninary Provisions and Rules
Nos. 48, 51, j2, 53, 61, 94, 99, gg made between 6 July 1954 and 28 June
1955.
TABLE DES M A T I ~ ~ R E-
S CONTENTS

PREMIERE PARTIE. - REQUETEPOUR AVIS


CONSULTATIF ET E x P O S ~ S BCRITS
PART 1.-REQUEST FOR ADVISORY OPINION AND
WRITTEN STATEMENTS
SECTION A. - REQUELE POUR AVIS CONSULTATIF
SECTION A.-REQUEST FOR ADVISORY OPINION
Page
1. - Lettre du Directeur gCnxal de l'Unesco au Prsident de la
Cour international de Justice (30 xr 55). - Letter from the
Director-General of Unesco to the President of the Inter-
national Court of Justice (30 xr 55) . . . . . . . . . 8
II. - Rsolution adopte par le Conseil excutif de 1Wnesco 1 sa
4zmn session, le 25 novembre r955. - Remlution adopted by
the Executve Board of Unesco ai it 42nd Session, on
25 November 1955 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
SECTION B. DOSSIER TRANSMIS PAR L'UNESCO (ART. 65,
-
PAR. 2. DU STATUT)
SECTION B - F I L E TRANSMIITED BY UNESCO (ART. 65,
PAR 2, O F THE STATUTE)
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Documents relatifs aux questions sur lesquelles le Conseil exkcutif
a demand un avis consultatif (liste). - Documents relating ta
questions on which an Advisory Opinion is requested by the
Executive Board (la'st) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
SECTION C. - E X P O S ~ SCRITS
SECTION C.-WRITTEN TATEMENLS
I. Expos de l'Unesco {avril 1956) . . . . . . . . . . . 27
[Voir sommaire dtaill, pp. 27-30)
A+#andice: Observations et informations au nom des bCnkfi-
ciaires des jugements 17,18,19 et 2 1 du Tribunal administra-
tif de l'O. 1. T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
2. Written Statement of the United States of America . . . . 184
3. Expos du Gcuvemement de la Rpublique franaise ( 2 5 avril
2956) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
4. Written Statement of the Goverment of the United gingdom
of Great Britain and Northem Ireland. . . . . 212
Pages
13. The Arnbassador of Norway in the Netherlands to the Regis-
trar ( l o I 56) , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
14. Le Greffier du Tribunal administratif de l'O. 1. T. au Greffier
( I O r 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
A$$endice au n+"14 :Extrait de la note circulaire du 14 juin 1955 239
15. Le Greffier au Directeur gnral de l'organisation europenne
pour la Recherche nucliaire (13I 56) . . . . . . . . . 240
16. The Registrar to the Ambassador of Norway in the Nether-
lands (yr 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
v7- Le Directeur gnral de l'organisation mondiale de la Sant
au Greffier (11r 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
18. Le conseiller juridique de l'Unesco au Greffier (24 I 56) . . . 243
19.L'ambassadeur du Mexique aux Pays-Bas au Greffier (27 I 56) 244
zo. Le secretaire d'tat des Relations extbrieure d'Hati au
Greffier (23 I 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
21. The Director-General of the I.L.O. to the Reglstrat (28 I 56) . . 245
2 2 . The Legal Adviser of the Department of State of the U.S.A. t o
the Registrar (25 I 56) . . . . . , . . . . . . . . '245
23. Matre Mercier au Greffier (28 I 55) . . . . . . . . . . 245
24. Le Directeur g b & r a l de l'organisation europenne pour la
Recherche nudeaire au Greffier (30 r 56) . . . . . . . . 246
25. Le conseiller juridique de l'Unesco au Greffier (1 rr 56) . . . 247
A$;bs?edzce au .no. 25. M. Saba, conseiller juridique, Maitre
Mercier 11 rr 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
26. Le Greffier au conseiller juridique de l'Unesco (4 11 56) . . . 248
27. Le Greffier & Matre Mercier (4 rr 56) . . . . . . . . . 249
2.8.Le ministkre des Affaires trangres du Cambodge au Greffier
(26 I 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
1
29. Le chef de la section des Affaires juridiques de l'Organisatio11 1

des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture aii I


Greffier (14rr 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
30. Le Greffier au chef de la section des Affaires juridiques de
l'organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et 1'Agsi-
culture (18 rr 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
31. The Ambassador of Canada in the Netherlands to the Regstrar
(29 II 56) . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 251
32. Le Directeur gknsal de l'organisation mondiale de la Sant
au Greffier (I rrr 56) . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . 251
33. Le conseiller juridique de l'Unesco au Greffier (g III 56) . . . 2j2
Afipandice au sa 33: Liste des documents annexk la lettre
du conseiller juridiqiie de l'Unesco du 9 mars 1956 . . . . 252
34. Le Secrktaire gnkral de l'Union internationale des Te16
communications au Greffier (15 nr 56) . . . . . . . . - 253
35. Le Greffier au conseiller juridique de l'Unesco (17 111 56) . . 253