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PREPARED BY:

ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES


HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1 The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the


founder of the 19th dynasty.
2 The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of
which Greece and her domains had ample supply of was.
3
Greek architecture was essentially.

4 Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected


by the architect Mnesicles is the.
5 The building in the acropolis generally considered as being
the most nearly perfect building ever erected is the.
6 With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native
natural cement, the Romans achieved huge interiors with the.
7 Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders
used by the Greeks.
8 From the 5th century to the present, the character of
Byzantine architecture is the practice of using.
9 Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that
of the rest of Europe by the use of what material for facing
walls.
10 The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient
buildings in Rome.
11 The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in
Greek temple.
12 Amphitheaters are used for ___.

13 An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used


in public places.
14 The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.

15 An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing


the foot of a row of convex tiles that cover the joints of the flat
tiles.
16 Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to
support an ornament, more usually, the ornament itself.
17
Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

18 In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but


especially for storing wine.
19 The characteristic of Greek ornament.
20
The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

21
The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

22 The open court in an Italian palazzo.


23 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part
of a Gothic window.
24
"cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.

25 How many stained glass are there in the Chartres


Cathedral?

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PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

26 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.


i. Cornice ii. Frieze iii.Architrave
27 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

28 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

29
Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.

30
Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.

31 A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular


plan of a dome to the poly-gonal plan of its supporting
structure.
32 A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.

33 The principal or central part of a church, extending from


the narthex to the choir orchancel and usually flanked by aisles.
34 The uppermost step in the crepidoma.

35 The lowest step in the crepidoma.

36
Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.

37
Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.

38 Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.

39 Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?

40 Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.

41 Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of


the Greek.
42 Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.

43
What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?

44
A foot race course in the cities.

45 Architects of the Parthenon.

46 The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her
ladies in waiting hide during occasions.
47 Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where
the carriages and floats are kept.
48 The emergency hideout found directly behind the headboard
of the Sultan's bed.
49 In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which
is the river stone, shoe-shaped stove or kalan is known as ___.
50
Japanese tea house

51 A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for Prostration

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

52
Domical mound containing a relic.

53
Ifugao house (southern strain).

54 The style of the order with massive and tapering columns


resting on a base of 3 steps.
55 Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones
forming chambers for consecutive burials for several to a
hundred persons.
56
A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church,
terminating in axis and intended to house an altar.

57 Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns


surrounding the naos.
58 Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

59 Architect of the Einstein Tower.

60 Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.


61 What architectural term is termed to be free from any
historical style?
62
The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.

63 Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a


battlement.
64 In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who
consolidate the administrative system, made a survey of the
country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful
works.
65
Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis.

66 The world's first large-scale monument in stone.

67
The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh

68
Female statues with baskets serving as columns.

69 A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle.

70 A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture.

71
A concave molding approximately quarter round.

72
Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo.

73 A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must


be well oriented'.
74 Architect of Robinson's Galleria
75
King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty.

76 "A house is like a flower pot"

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

77 Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany


it is known as ___.
78
Architect of TWA airport.

79
"Modern architecture need not be western".

80
Not among the three pyramids in Gizeh

81 A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma


reversa strap.
82 Finest example of French-Gothic architecture

83 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

84 A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a


flower arrangement or art.
85 The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and
notable of its large dome.
86 An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently
place over the altar in a church.
87
A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing
a statue.

88 A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a


church.
89 A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items.

90 A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and


Muslim 12th-16th century architecture.
91 Architect of the famous Propylaea, Acropolis.

92 A Greek building that contains painted pictures.

93 A kindred type to the theater.

94 The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek


theaters.
95 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of
brickworks.
96 A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone
laid in a loose pattern roughly resembling polygonal work.
97
A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect

98 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or


without mortar joints.
99
Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and
domes.

100
"Form follows function".

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

101
He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for
living".

102 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.

103 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell


construction.
104 The architect of the Pantheon.

105 Architect of the World Trade Center.

106 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.

107 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia,


Constantinople)
108 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines.

109 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at


Karnak?
110 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria.

111 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple


of the Italian renaissance style.
112 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.

113 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum

114 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia.

115 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus,


Olympius.
116 Architect of the Erechtheion.

117 Master sculptor of the Parthenon.

118 Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.

119 "A house is a machine to live in".

120
Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower.

121
"Architecture is Organic".

122
Invented reinforced concrete in France.

123
First elected U.A.P. president.

124
First president and founder of PAS.

125 Architect of the National Library, Philippines.

126 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument.

127
Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument.

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

128
Designer of the Taj Mahal.

129 Expressionist Architect.


130
Founders of the "Art Noveau".

131
Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.

132 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.

133 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.

134
The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.

135 Architect of SM Megamall.

136
Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.

137 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.

138 Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this
church in Rizal whose design depicts the heavy influence of
Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.
139
This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel
Murguia, has an unusually large bell which was made from
approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.

140 A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian


churches.
141 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.

142 From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of


columns at the front and rear.
143 Corresponds to the Greek naos.

144 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by


Bramante.
145 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo
Maderna.
146
On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the
epistle and the gospel are

147
In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of
the sanctuary which later developed into the transept, this is the
___.

148 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central


place at the end of the church called ___.
149 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.

150 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.


151
Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.

152
Orientation of the Medieval Church

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

153 The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low
screen wall from the body of the church called ___.
154 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

155 One of the few churches of its type to have survived


having a square nave and without cross-arms, roofed by a
dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.
156 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.

157
First school which offered architecture in the Philippines

158 The best example of a German Romanesque church with


apses at both east and west ends.
159 The council house in Greece.

160 The senate house of the Greeks.

161
The oldest circus in Rome.

162 The oldest and most important forum in Rome.

163 The warm room in the Thermae

164 The Hot room of the Thermae

165
The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.

166
The dressing room of the Thermae.

167 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.

168 The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian


amphitheater" was commenced by whom and completed by
whom?
169 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of
Agamemnon'.
170 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?

171
The private house of the Romans.

172
The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.

173
Roman apartment blocks

174 Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site

175 A roman house with a central patio.

176 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.


A megalithic structure consisting of several large stones set on end with a large
177 covering slab

178 Monumental gateway to an Egyptian temple consisting with slanting walls flanking the
entrance portal

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

179 A massive funerary structure of stone or brick with a square base and four sloping
triangular sides meeting at the apex; used mainly in ancient Egypt.

180 Principal room of Anatolian House

181 It consists of the upright column or support including the capital, base, if any, and the
horizontal entablature or part supported.

182 The steps forming the base of a columned Greek temple

183 The principal chamber in a Greek temple containing the statue of deity.

184 Dry sweating room with apodyteila or dressing room and unctuaria or for oils.

185 A great awning drawn over roman theatres and amphitheatres to protect spectators
against the sun

186 Roman apartment block that rose four or more storey high

187 A canopy supported by columns generally placed over an altar or tomb.

188
A long arcaded entrance porch to a Christian Basilican Church.

189 That part of a Greek house or Byzantine Church reserved for women

190 Truncated wedge-blocks forming an arc

191 A monument erected in memory of one not interned in or under it

192 A rose or wheel window of the Romanesque Church was of ten placed over the

193 A period in Gothic Architecture in France characterized by circular windows with wheel
tracery

194 Projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat.

195 A slight convex curvature built into truss or beam to compensate for any anticipated
deflection so that it will have no sag when under load.

196 A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally
employed in Renaissance building.

197 Designer of the Crystal Palace, London

198 Architect of the Sagrada Familia, Barcelona

199 Architect of the White House, D.C.

200 Second Filipino registered architect after the well-known Tomas Mapua

201 A mosque principal place of worship, or use of the bldg. for Friday prayers

202 Man who leads the congregation at a prayer

203 Architectural style characterized by Friezes and Crestings

204 Sacred enclosure found at walls of Damascus great mosque

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

205 Erected to the memory of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal, it was the culminating work in
the life of the emperor.

206 In Romanesque archre a period where an order founded by St. Bruno in 1806 is notably
severe and adorned

207 General characteristic of the Romanesque empire was

208 Vaulting compartment into six parts known as

209 A rectangular feature in the shape of a pillar, but projecting only about one sixth of its
breath from wall

210
Is a circular tower 16 m ( 52 ft. ) in diameter rising in 8 stories of encircling arcades.

211 Roughly carved of men and beasts used as support columns of projecting porches and
of bishops throne.

212 A secluded place

213 Secular architecture

214 The first Frankish king who became roman emperor, was crowned in 800 at Rome by
the pope, and ruled over the franks, which included central Germany and northern
France

215 Type of roof in which 4 faces rest diagonally between the gables and converge at the
top

216 The most important of the distinctive characteristics of mature Spanish Romanesque
architecture

217 Is well endowed with medieval military achre and grand castles are particularly
numerous in castle

218
Finest or Romanesque castles in Spain is at ____

219 Sited and designed to secure the routes from coastal ports to Jerusalem

220
A civil settlement under the protection of a castle.

221 A projecting wall or parapet allowing floor openings, through w/c molten lead, pitch,
stones were dropped only on an enemy below.

222 A parapet having a series of indentions or embrasures, between which are raised
portions known as merlons

223 The upstanding part of an embattled parapet, between two crenels/ embrasure
openings.

224 A squared timber used in bldg. construction or a low ridge of earth that marks a
boundary line

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

225 A Scandinavian wooden church with vertical planks forming the walls

226
Architecture was marked by copy roofs which frequently had more storey than the walls,
and were provided with dormer windows to make through current of air for their use as a
drying ground for the large monthly wash

227 A projection block or spur of stone carried with foliage to decorate the raking lines
formed by angles of spires and canopies.

228 An arch starting from a detached pier and abutting against a wall to take the thrust of the
vaulting.

229
A circular or polygonal apse when surrounded by an ambulatory of which are chapels.

230 An architectural style which in its period is the English equivalent of the high gothic of
northern France first pointed.

231
Leafed ornament.

232 Vertical tracery members dividing windows into different numbers of lights.

233 The actual sanctuary of a church beyond the choir and occupied only by the officiating
clergy.

234 Single and most important building in Britain.

235
A room, where food is stored in a manor house.

236
The screen/ ornamental work rising behind the altar.

237 Term applied to a tower crowned by a spire.

238 A ledge or shelf behind an altar for holding vases or candles.

239 Originally the minaret of the mosque.

240 The largest medieval cathedral and is somewhat German in character in north Italy.

241 A space entirely or partly under a building in churches generally beneath the chancel
and used for burial in early times.

242 A movement which begun in Italy in the 15th century created a break in the continuous
revolution of European times.

243 In renaissance archre, which is logically staid and serene architectural style?

244 The phase in western European renaissance archre 1750-1830, when renewed
inspiration was sought from ancient Greek and roman architecture

245 A term coined to describe the characteristics of the output of Italian renaissance
architects of the period 1530-1600. Characterized by unconventional use of classical
elements

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246 A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally
employed in renaissance buildings

247
A light portable receptacle for sacred relics

248 Famous architect in Florence renaissance archre.


The principal floor of an Italian palace, raised one floor above ground level and
249 containing the principal social apartments.

250 Known architect in early renaissance.

251 Vertical members dividing windows into different numbers of lights.

252 Horizontal divisions or crossbars of windows.


A twisted band, garland or chaplet, representing flowers, fruits, leaves often used in
253 decoration.
An ornament consisting of a spirally wound band, either as a running ornament or as a
254 terminal.
A room decorated with plants, sculpture and fountains (often decorated with nymphs)
255 and intended for relaxation.

256 France generally describe rococo as


One of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of god or act as guardian
257 spirits, or chubby, rosy- faced child with wings.
Central shaft of a circular staircase also applied to the post in which the handrail is
258 framed.

259 A type of relief ornament or cresting resembling studded leather straps, arranged in
geometrical and sometimes interlaced patterns; much used in the early renaissance
archre in England.

260 Space between the columns.

261 An ornament in classic or renaissance archre consisting of an assembly of straight lines


intersecting at right angles of various patterns. Also called key pattern

262 A stone gallery over the entrance to the choir of a cathedral or church.

263
A term originally applied to the art of decorative painting in many colors, extended to the
coloring of sculpture to enhance naturalism, also described to the application of
variegated materials to achieve brilliant or striking effects

264 The selection of elements from diverse styles for architectural decorative
designs,particularly during the 2nd half of the 19th century in Europe and USA.

265 A long dormer on the slope of a roof, it has no sides, the roofing being carried in a nave
line.

266 The central rounded of a pattern or ornament, an oculus, one at the summit of a dome.

267 A vertical steel support cast iron was used until relatively cheap steel became available.

268 The sanctuary of a classical temple, containing the cult statue of the God.

269 Also known as Siam (before 1993) and was named, meaning land of the free

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

270 A stupa in a form of a corn cob.


Reflects Burmas cultural connections with China and India, built over older foundations
271 (16th-17th century) at Rangoon.

272 Burmas term for monasteries.

273 Chinese monumental gateway.

274 Is the most famous for the eye catching tower he constructed in Paris for the exposition
universally of 1889 work of Eiffel tower.

One of the pioneers of the modern movement in American architecture. Work auditorium
275 building, U.S.

276 Arch of the famous Twin Tower World Trade Center.


Scottish architect and designer who was prominent in the arts and crafts movement in
277 Great Britain.
Received the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinanagan award for the city of manila, who is
278 the architect?

279 In 1989 he received the prtzker prize commonly referred to as The Noble of
Architecture the loftiest recognition. It is a lifetime achievement award granted to living
architect whose body of work represents a superlative contribution to the field.

His first designs were drawings of fantastic architectural visions in steel and glass as
280 well as costume and poster design.

281 Much of his works has been described as post modern, since he rejected the excessive
abstractionism of architects such as Le Corbusier and strove instead to incorporate the
valid elements of older style.

Spanish architects, one of the most creative practitioners of his art in modern times.His
282
style is often described as a blend of neo-gothic and art nouveau, but is also has
surrealist and cubist elements.

283 One of the worlds 1st futurist and global thinkers. His 1927 decision to work always and
only for all humanity led him to address the largest global problems of poverty,disease
and homelessness.
In his practice he explores the use of indigenous materials infused with current
284 technological trends to bring a new dimension in designs.

285 Afterwards became deeply involved in the design and building of French railways and
bridges. He worked on structures such as bridge across the Garonne River, train
stations at Toulouse and again in France.

286 He has actively promoted the use of native architectural forms and indigenous nationals
such as bamboo and thatch, in the creation of a distinctively Filipino architecture.

287 French-born, Brazilian architect and urban planner. This famous axiom Each one sees
whatever he wishes to see belongs to,
He was the architect in his time that receives his license as award at his 60s or at the
288 age of 60 yrs. old.
An important Scottish architect who was particularly known for his interiors based on
289 classical decoration.
He was called Masters master where his students are architects like Gropius, Breuer
290 and Van de Rohe

291 Architect who leads the development of the Quezon Memorial Circle in Quezon City.

292 Eiffel tower I Paris stands.

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293 Starting with holes belongs to architect

294 A house is a machine to live in philosophy belongs to


He paid great attention to the detailing of the structure, which he attributed to his fathers
295 teachings about craftsmanship.
One of his stylish choice which are circles and squares were used in his design
296 solutions.

297 His contributions where the advocacy of the idea of planning rooms by volume.

298 His solutions to building problem were always direct, transmitting to the ground by the
shortest path the stresses developed within the structures.

299 Father of modern architectural movement in Brazil.

300 A city is subjected to growth, delay and rebuilt

301 For Egyptian Architecture design, due to excessive


sunshine, there was no need for windows, the
massive unbroken walls provided the surface for
________________.
302
In Greek Architecture, It is the largest building atop
the Athenian Acropolis, It is a temple dedicated to
Athena (The warrior of maiden) It is a Doric building,
and made entirely of white pentelic marble and
surrounded by freestanding column.

303
In Greek Architecture, The __________ theater
designed (c.350 BC) by Polyclitus. It is among the
largest and best preserved ancient theaters in
Greece. The circular construction and the pitch of
the seats, where held close to 14,000 spectators,
permit nearly perfect acoustics.

304 In Roman Architecture, It was built AD 72-82 in


Rome Italy, It is the largest Roman Amphitheater, A
four storey, elliptical structure that seated about
50,000 spectators. The exterior faade was
embellished with superimposed Doric, ionic and
Corinthian columns.
305
In Roman Architecture, It was built AD 112, It was
designed by Apollodorous of Damascus for Emperor
Trajan, it is often considered the most magnificent
and architecturally most pleasing.

306
In Roman Architecture, The Pantheon (AD C118-28),
A monument of imperial Rome, revived the use of
brick and concrete in temple architecture. It is
symmetry is enchanced by its hemispherical dome,
Who is the architect of this historical monument?
(he is the son in law of Augustus.)

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

307
The Washington D.C. monument. The tapering shaft
contained in a Greek style temple, the obelisk is the
only remnant of the original blueprint that remains.
It was designed in the year 1812 by the American
Architect, What is the name of this Architect?

308 What is the name of the


Cathedral in France that was designed
by Jean d Orbais.(
309 In France, It is the official residence of President of
France, It was built in 1718 by Claude Mollet for
Henry de la Tour d Auvergne
310 In Philippine Architecture, It is considered the home
of the Sultans. Carved on the wooden posts in the
niyaga, a stylized mytical snake design can be found.
It is the traditional residence of the reigning Sultan
of Maranaw people and his family.
311
In Philippine Architecture, Being Isolated and wind
frequented area. The Batanes Islands, exhibit the
most different of all traditional Architecture in the
Phil. The house is built solidly on all sides, made of a
meter thick rubble work, covered by thick thatch
roofing to withstand gales which frequent the area.
What is the name of this unique house?

312
The ___________________ is an art deco building
designed by the Filipino Architect Juan M. de
Guzman Arellano, and built in 1935. During the
liberation of Manila by the Americans in 1945, the
theatre was totally destroyed. After reconstruction
by the Americans it gradually fell into disuse in the
1960s. In the following decade it was meticulously
restored but again fell into decay. Recently a bus
station has been constructed at the back of the
theatre. The City of Manila is planning a renovation
of this once magnificent building.

313
The Golden Empire Tower-( 1322 Roxas Boulevard)
is the tallest building along the boulevard and one of
the highest residential condominium in the world.
The one with the golden glass facing Manila Bay and
United States Embassy compound in Manila. Who is
the Filipino Architect of this famous residential
condominium?

314
For the Creation of Space ____________a Chinese
Philosopher, said, The reality of the building does
not consist in the roof and walls, but in the space
within to be lived in.

315 The base or platform upon which a column, pedestal, statue, monument, or structure
rests.
316
(Greek Architecture) is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support
taking the place of a column or a
pillar supporting an entablature on her head.

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

317
Is an architectural device, typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively
emphasize the apex of a gable, or
any of various distinctive ornaments at the top, end, or corner of a building or structure.

318 The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the result of the interior.

319 The later male counterpart of the caryatid and the name refers to the legend of Atlas,

320 Is an architectural term related to ancient Greek buildings, is the platform of, usually,
three levels upon which the
superstructure of the building is erected. The levels typically decrease in size
incrementally, forming a series of steps
along all or some sides of the building.

321 The Filipino Architect Who Designed the 66Meters(217 ft') height Pylons Quezon
Memorial Circle.
322
Is an ornamental molding or band following the curve of the underside of an arch, It is
composed of bands of
ornamental moldings (or other architectural elements) surrounding an arched opening,

323
is a term used for Ancient Greek Plays in order to describe any of two passageways
leading into the orchestra,
between theatron and sken (also known as the parodos).

324 A monumental, four-sided stone shaft, usually monolithic and tapering to a pyramidal tip.

325 A caulking material made from old hemp rope fibers that have been treated with tar.

326 A waterspout projecting from the roof gutter of a building, often carved
grotesquely(Sculpture).
Is a statue, building, or other edifice created to commemorate a person or important
327 event. They are frequently used
to improve the appearance of a city or location.
328 The Greek council house which is covered meeting place for the
democratically-elected council is called:
329 The Grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples, it was not built by
upon one complete plan but owes its size, disposition and
magnificence to the work of many Kings. Built from the 12th Dynasty
to the Ptolemaic period.
330
The father of modern picture books of Architecture

331 The man of learning can fearlessly look down upon the
troublesome accidents of fortune. But he who thinks himself
entrenched in defense not of learning but of luck, moves one slippery
path, struggling though life unsteadily and insecurely.
332 Tomb of Atreus, a noted example of the tholos type of tomb is
also known as:
333 The memorial column built in the form of tall Doric order and
made entirely f marble is;
334 It is the eclectic style of domestic architecture of the 1870s and
the 1880s in England and the USA and actually based on country
house and cottage Elizabeth architecture which was characterized by
a blending of Tudor Gothic, English Renaissance and colonial
elements in the USA:

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335 An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., St. Peter
s and St. Paul Cathedral; Proposed a Network of Avenues connecting
the main features of London.
336
The sacred enclosure fond in the highest part of a Greek city is
called:

337 The architect who claimed that: The ultimate goal of the new
architecture was the composite but inseparable work of an art, in
which the old diving line between monumental and decorative
elements will have disappeared forever.
338 The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the
result of the interior
339 The building that serve as a senate house for the chief dignitaries
of the city and as a palace where distinguished visitors and citizens
might be entertained.
340 It is a traditional house that was called binangiyan. It was a
single room dwelling elevated at 1.50 meters from the ground; the
floor were made of hard wood like narra which rested on 3 floor joist
which in turn were supported by transverse girders.
341 It is the third phase of English-Gothic Architecture where
elaborated ornamental vaulting, and refinement of stonecutting
techniques.
342 Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in
circular form.
343 A style in the architecture Italy I the second half of the 16th
century and to a lesser extent elsewhere in Europe. It uses classical
elements in an unconventional manner.
344 The Greek council house which is covered meeting place for the democratically-elected
council is called
345
The Grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples, it was not built by upon one complete plan
but owes its size, disposition and magnificence to the work of many Kings. Built from the
12th Dynasty to the Ptolemaic period

346 A ____________ is a ___________ which extends vertically from lowest portion of the
wall which adjoins two living units up to a minimum height of 0.30 meters above the
highest portion of the roof and extends horizontally 0.30 meters beyond the outermost
edge of the abutting living units?

347 The father of modern picture books of Architecture


The man of learning can fearlessly look down upon the troublesome accidents of
348 fortune. But he who thinks himself entrenched in defense not of learning but of luck,
moves one slippery path, struggling though life unsteadily and insecurely.
349 It was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921 where the maestros de obra
or the master builders are required to register as architects?

350 Tomb of Atreus, a noted example of the tholos type of tomb is also known as

351 The memorial column built in the form of tall Doric order and made entirely if marble is

352
Early type of settlement in America taken after the baug (military town) and fauborg
(citizens town) of the medieval ages

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353
It is the eclectic style of domestic architecture of the 1870s and the 1880s in England
and the USA and actually based on country house and cottage Elizabeth architecture
which was characterized by a blending of Tudor Gothic, English Renaissance and
colonial elements in the USA

354 Le Corbusier planned a high density building that was a super building that contained
337 dwellings in only acres of land. What is the structure that supposed to be located in
Marseilles?
An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., St. Peter s and St. Paul
355 Cathedral; Proposed a Network of Avenues connecting the main features of London.

356 The sacred enclosure fond in the highest part of a Greek city is called:

357 The architect who claimed that: The ultimate goal of the new architecture was the
composite but inseparable work of an art, in which the old diving line between
monumental and decorative elements will have disappeared forever.

The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the result of the interior.
358

359
The building that serve as a senate house for the chief dignitaries of the city and as a
palace where distinguished visitors and citizens might be entertained

360
It is a traditional house that was called binangiyan. It was a single room dwelling
elevated at 1.50 meters from the ground; the floor were made of hard wood like narra
which rested on 3 floor joist which in turn were supported by transverse girders

361 ??? on natural rocks in a Greek theater is called

362 It is the third phase of English-Gothic Architecture where elaborated ornamental


vaulting, and refinement of stonecutting techniques
363
Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in circular form

364
A revival style based on the buildings and publications of the 6th century architect
marked by ancient Roman Architectural forms

365 TS MOST OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS ARE ITS MASSIVE FUNERARY


MONUMENTS & TEMPLES BUILT OF STONE FOR PERMANENCE, FEATURING
ONLY POST-AND-LINTEL CONSTRUCTION & CORBEL VAULTS W/ OUT ARCHES &
VAULTING

366
CHARACTERIZED BY CLEAR PLANS, MASSIVE
ARTICULATED WALL STRUCTURES, ROUND ARCHES, & POWERFUL VAULTS
CHARACTERIZED BY POINTED ARCH, THE GRADUAL REDUCTION OF
367
THE WALLS
368 TO A SYSTEM OF RICHLY DECORATED FENESTRATION
CHARACTERIZED BY RADIATING LINES OF TRACERY

369 CHARATERIZED BYFLOWING A FLAME-LIKE TRACERY.


CHARACTERIZED BY THE USE OF THE CLASSICAL ORDERS, ROUND
370
ARCHES, and
371 SYMMETRICAL COMPOSITION.
MODE OF BLDG FOLLOWING THE STRICT ROMAN FORMS, A SET FORTH IN THE
PUBLICATIONS OF THE ITALIAN REN. ARCHT.ANDREA PALLADIO (1508-1580).
STYLE BASED ON A CLOSED STUDY OF ANTIQUITY.

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372 TRANSITIONAL STYLE IN ARCHRE & THE ARTS IN THE LATE 16th. CENT,
CHARATERIZED IN ARCHRE BY UNCOVENTIONAL USE OF CLASSICAL
ELEMENTS.
IS CHARACTERIZED BY INTERPRETATION OF OVAL SPACES, CURVED
373 SURFACES, & CONSPICUOUS USE DECORATION, ACULPTURE & COLOR. ITS
LAST PHASE IS CALLED ROCOCO BOLD, OPULENT & IMPRESSIVE TYPE OF
ARCHRE.

374 THE PHASE IN WESTERN EUROPIAN RENASSAINCE ARCHRE 1750-1830, WHEN


RENED INSPIRATION WAS SOUGHT FROM ANCIENT GREEK & ROMAN ARCHRE
( NEO CLASSICAL)

375
( FR. ROCALLE ROCKWORK) A TERM APPLIED TO TYPE OF RENAISSANCE
ORNAMENT IN W/C ROCK-LIKE FORMS, FANTASTIC SCROLLS, & CRIMPED
SHELLS ARE WORK UP TOGETHER IN A PRO-
FUSION & COMFUSION OF DETAIL OFTEN W/ OUT ORGANIC COHERENCE BUT
PRESENTING A LAVISH DISPLAY OF DECORATION.

SIVERSMITH-LIKE; THE RICHLY DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE SPANISH


376 RENAISSANCE.

377 THE TRANSITIONAL STYLE BETWEEN GOTHIC & RENAISSANCE IN ENGLAND,


NAMED AFTER ELIZABETH I; MAINLY COUNTRY HOUSES, CHARATERIZED BY
LARGED MILLIONED WINDOWS & STRAPWORK ORNAMENTATION

378 ENGLISH ARCHL & DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE EARLY 17th CENT. , ADAPTING
THE ELIZABETHAN STYLE TO CONTINENATL RENAISSANCE INLUENCES; NAMED
AFTER JAMES I

379 THE PREVAILING STYLE OF THE 18th CENT. IN GREAT BRITAIN & THE NORTH
AMERICAN COLONIES, SO NAMED AFTER GEORGE I, II, III, BUT NOT INCLUDE
GEORGE IV. DERIVED FROM CLASSICAL, RENAISSANCE, & BAROQUE FORMS.

380 TERM IN A SPECIALIZED SENSE TO DESCRIBE ONE OF THE ATTITUDES OF


TASTE TOWARDDS ARCHRE & LANDSCAPE GARDENING IN THE LATE 18th &
EARLY 19th CENT. BLDGS & LANDSCAPE WERE TO HAVE THE CONTROLLED
INFORMALITY OF A PICTURE.

381 Mythical monsters each with the body of a lion and a head of a man, hawk, ram or
woman possessed
382
An ancient Egyptian rectangular, flat-topped funerary mound with battered (sloping)
sides covering a burial chamber blow ground

383
Huge monoliths, square on plan and tapering to an electrum-capped (alloy of silver &
gold) pyra-midion at the summit, which was the sacred part. The four sides are cut
with hieroglyphics

384
A massive funerary structure of stone or brick with a square base and four sloping
triangular sides meeting at the apex

385 Inward inclination or slope of an outward wall

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386
Consists of a complex of sarsen (any of the many large sedimentary rocks that have
been broken into blocks by frost action and are found scattered across the chalk downs
of southern England )stones and smaller blue stones set in a circle and connected by
lintels

387
Artificial Mountains made up of tiered (layered), rectangular stages which rose in
number from one to seven

388 Pictorial representation of religious ritual, historic events and daily pursuits

389
An ancient structure usually regarded as a tomb, consisting of two or more large upright
stones set with a space between and capped by a horizontal stone

390 Any of the pieces, in the shape of a truncated wedge, which form an arch or a vault. A
wedge-shaped stone: a wedge-shaped brick or stone used to form the curved parts of
an arch or vault

391
In ancient Greece/ Rome, a room or covered area or open on one side used as a
meeting place; architecture history conversation room: a room for relaxation or
conversation, especially a semicircular recess in a larger hall with a continuous bench
along the wall; furniture long curved outdoor bench: a long curved or semicircular
outdoor bench, usually with a high back; architecture recess: any kind of recess or niche
(technical)

392 The sanctuary of a classical temple, containing the cult statue of the god

393
Domical mounds which grouped with their rails, gateways, professional paths and
crowning umbrella came to be known as symbols of the universe; a Buddhist shrine,
temple, or pagoda that houses a relic or marks the location of an auspicious event.

394
An adjective used to describe an artist who selects forms and ideas from different
periods or countries and combines them to produce a harmonious whole.

395
The exposed undersurface of any overhead component of a building such as an arch,
balcony, beam, cornice, lintel or vault. bottom surface: the underside of a structural
component of a building, for example the underside of a roof overhang or the inner
curve of an arch

396 a large fortified (armed) place; a fort often including a town; any place of security.

397
the term applied to the triangular curved overhanging surface by means of which a
circular dome is supported over a square or polygonal compartment. a sloping triangular
piece of vaulting between the arches that support a dome and its rim

398
Pre-Columbian edifice dedicated to the service or worship of their god which is made of
stones entered by a single door to a very steep single flight of steps, above it rises a
high stone roof

399
Term in a specialized sense to describe one of the attitudes of taste towards architecture
and landscape gardening in the late 18th and early 19th century; very attractive: visually
pleasing enough to be the subject of a painting or photograph

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400
A term originally applied painting on a wall while the plaster is wet and is not in oil colors.
painting done on fresh plaster: a painting on a wall or ceiling made by brushing
watercolors onto fresh damp plaster, or onto partly dry plaster

401
A long colonnaded building, served many purposes, used around public places and as
shelter at religious shrines; an ancient covered walkway: in ancient Greece, a covered
walkway, usually with a row of columns on one side and a wall on the other

402
Carved male figures serving as pillars also called TELAMONES; architecture figure of
man used as support: a figure of a man, either standing or kneeling, used as a support
for the upper part of a classical building

403 A slab forming the crowning member of a column

404
A swelling or curving outwards along the outline of a column shaft, designed to
counteract the optical illusion which gives a shaft bounded by straight lines the
appearance of curving inwards; a bulge in architectural column: a slight bulge in the
shaft of a column, designed to counter the visual impression of concavity that a perfectly
straight column would give

405
The vertical channeling on the shaft of a column; architecture: groove in column: a
groove running down an architectural column

406 Sculptures female figures used as columns or supports

407 the portion of a pedestal between its base and cornice. A term also applied to the lower
portions of walls when decorated separately.
408
The sharp edge formed by the meeting of two surface usually in DORIC columns

409
a small flat band between mouldings to separate them from each other. architecture flat
narrow moulding: a raised or sunken ornamental surface set between larger surfaces

410
A triangular piece of wall above the entablature enclosed by raking cornices;
architecture gable on colonnade: a broad triangular or segmental gable surmounting a
colonnade as the major part of a facade

411 The lowest square member of the base of a column

412
Town square, was the center of social and business life, around which were stoas, or
colonnaded porticoes, temples, markets, public buildings, monuments, shrines.

413
These are arches erected to emperors and generals commemorating victorious
campaigns; has one or three openings. Such arches were adorned with appropriate
bas-reliefs (flat sculpture; slightly projecting) and usually carried grit-bronze statuary
(statues considered collectively) on an attic storey and having a dedicatory inscription in
its face

414
Palatial public baths of Imperial Rome raised on a high platform; hot springs: hot springs
or baths, especially the public baths of ancient Rome

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415
Elliptical Amphitheatres are characteristically Roman buildings found in every important
settlement, used to display of mortal combats (gladiatorial)

416
A roman structure where immense quantities of water were required for the great
thermae and for public fountains, and for domestic supply for the large population; a
channel for water: a pipe or channel for moving water to a lower level, often across a
great distance

417
Corresponds (links) to the Agora in a Greek city was a central open space, used a public
meeting space, market or rendezvous for political demonstrations.

418
A turret (small rounded tower) or part of a building elevated above the main building.
architecture pointed ornament: a pointed ornament on top of a buttress or parapet

419
Taken from a tomb chamber, or the ornamental treatment given to a stone coffin hewn
out of one block of marble and with sculptures, figures and festoons (garland) of a late
period, surmounted by lids like roofs terminating in scrolls. stone coffin: an ancient stone
or marble coffin, often decorated with sculpture and inscriptions

420
A term applied to monumental tombs. They consisted of large cylindrical blocks, often
on a quadrangular podium, topped with a conical crown of earth or stone.

421 Line of intersection of cross-vaults

422
Sunk panels, caissons or lacunaria formed in ceilings, vaults or domes; sunken panel in
a ceiling: a decorative sunken panel in a ceiling

423 A mass of masonry built against a wall to resist the pressure of an arch & vault.

424
an arch covering in stone or brick over any building; architecture arched ceiling: an
arched structure of stone, brick, wood, or plaster that forms a ceiling or roof; a room with
arched ceiling: a room, especially an underground room, with an arched ceiling

425 A long arcaded entrance porch to a Christian Basilican Church

426 A building or a part of a church in which baptism is administered

427 a basin usually of stone which holds the water for baptism.

428
A vault having a circular plan, and usually in the form of a sphere portion, so constructed
as to exert an equal thrust in all directions

429 A raised stage in a Basilican church reserved for the clergy

430 A range of arches supported on piers or columns attached to or detached from the wall.

431 A raised pulpit on either side of a Basilican church from which the epistle of a gospel
were read
432
Decorative surfaces formed by small cubes of stones, glass & marble

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433 A canopy supported by columns generally placed over an altar or tomb. Also known as
CIBORIUM.
434 A longitudinal division of an interior area, as in a church, separated from the main area
by arcades or the like.
435
The principal or central longitudinal area of a church, extending from the main entrance
or narthex to the CHANCEL (area of church near altar: an area of a church near the altar
for the use of clergy and choir, often separated from the nave by a screen or steps)
usually flanked by aisles of less height

436
The circular or multi-angular termination of a church sanctuary. A rounded projection of
a building

437 A small pavilion, usually open built in gardens & parks.

438
An inward-looking building whose prime purpose is for contemplation & prayer. A space
without object of adoration. (Muslim)

439 A block of stone, often elaborately carved or moulded, projected from a wall, supporting
the beams of a roof, floor or vault.

440
a tall tower in, or continuous to a mosque arch stairs leading up to one or more
balconies from which the faithful are called to prayer

441 A diagonal cutting of an arris formed by two surfaces at an angle

442 An approach or an open forecourt surrounded by arcades in a Basilican church.

443
A small arch or bracket built across each angle of a square or polygonal structure to
form an octagon or other appropriate base for a dome or a spire. An interior supporting
part of a tower: an arch, corbelling, or lintel built across the upper inside corner of a
square tower to support the weight of a spire or other structure above

444 Womens or private quarters of a house or place in Islamic architecture.

445 An empty tomb. A monument erected in memory of one not interred in or under it.

446 A double curve, resembling the letter S, formed by the union of a curve and a convex
line
447 The central stone of a semi-circular arch, sometimes sculptured.

448
a screen in a Greek orthodox church on which icons or (sacred images), pictures, are
placed separating the chancel from the space, open to the laity. An altar screen
decorated with icons: a screen on which icons are mounted, used in Eastern Orthodox
churches to separate the area around the altar from the main part of the church

449
A covered porch (porch-roofed exterior of a room) or balcony (balcony- a platform
projecting from an interior or exterior wall of a building) extending along the outside of a
building, planned for summer leisure.

450
A public open space in Byzantine architecture, surrounded by buildings

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451
Geometrical ornaments due to absence of human and animal statues; an ornate design

452
The triangular space enclosed by the curve of an arch, a vertical line from its springing,
a horizontal line through its apex. A space between one arch or another. Space between
two arches and a cornice

453
small towers, often containing stairs, and forming special features in medieval buildings.

454 Vertical tracery members dividing windows into different numbers of light. A vertical
window divider: a vertical piece of stone, metal, or wood that divides the panes of a
window or the panels of a screen
455 A castle in a French-speaking country or a stately residence. A French castle: a castle or
large house in France, often one that has a vineyard attached and gives its name to
wine produced there

456 A slender wooden spire rising from a roof. A slender church spire: a slender spire,
especially one that emerges from the roof of a church at the point where the ridges
intersect.
457 a (shell) or a recess in a wall, hallowed like a shell for a statue or ornament.

458
(Lump or knob) or projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether
vaulted or flat.

459 Is a rectangular feature in the shape of a pillar, but projecting only about one sixth of its
breadth (distance from side to side) from the wall.

460 An umbrella shaped copula.

461 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a gothic window.

462 The high platform on which temples were generally placed (in general, any elevate
platform). A foundation wall: a low wall forming a foundation or base, for example for a
colonnade

463 The part of a cruciform church, projecting at right angles to the main building. Wings of
church: the part of a cross-shaped church that runs at right angles to the long central
part (nave)

464
Vaulting in Romanesque in which a framework of ribs supported thin stone panels. The
new method consisted in designing the profile of the transverse (crosswise or at right
angle with something), longitudinal and diagonal ribs to which the form of the panels
was adopted

465
Special term for a lantern or raised structure above a roof admitting light into the interior

466
A room where food is stored; a pantry ( a walk-in cupboard); a cupboard

467 The tapering termination of a tower in Gothic churches

468 The term applied to a tower crowned by a spire

469 A room for storage of garments

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470
A slight convex curvature built into a truss or beam to compensate for an anticipated
deflection so that it will gave no sag when under load.

471
Covered passages around an open space or Garth, connecting the church to the
chapter house; a small courtyard or enclosed space

472
A serving room between kitchen and dining room, or a room for storage of food supplies

473 A vault in which the ribs compose a star-shaped pattern

474 A building complex of a certain English order or a self-contained community used by


monks
475 A bay window especially cantilevered or corbelled out from the face of the wall by means
of projecting stones.
476 The dining hall of a monastery, convent or college

477 An ornament consisting of a spirally wound band, either as a running ornament or as a


terminal, like the volutes of the ionic capital.

478 An Italian impressive building or private building

479
One of a number of short vertical members often circular in section used to support a
stair handrail or a coping (walls capping surface).

480
a term applied to a type of Renaissance ornament in which rock-like forms fantastic
scrolls, and crimped folded or pressed together) shells (are worked up together in a
profusion and confusion of detail often without organic coherence but presenting a
lavish display of decoration; Any excessively ornate or fancy style; A style of architecture
and the decorative arts characterized by intricate ornamentation that was popular
throughout Europe in the early 18th century.

481
In France, anything extravagantly ornamented, so ornate as to be in bad taste, a style of
art and architecture in Italy in the 17th to 18th century.

482 A tower not connected with Bell. A term applied to the upper room in a tower in which
the bells are hung.
483
The entire construction of a classical temple or the like, between the columns and the
eaves usually composed of an architrave, frieze, and a cornice.

484
(BRITISH) The hall built or used by medieval association as of merchants and
tradesmen, organized to maintain standards that constituted a governing body. (Doge =
Italian renaissance chief magistrate)

485 (little house for pleasure & recreation). A prominent structure, generally distinctive in
character.
486 The space about the altar of a church, usually separated by a screen for the clergy and
other officials, usually referred to as the choir
487
An eternal solid angle of a wall or the like. One of the stones forming it, corner stone
(Renaissance) A block forming a corner: a stone block used to form a quoin, especially
when it is different, for example in size or material, from the other blocks or bricks in the
wall

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488
A BRACKET: is a projecting member to support a weight generally formed with scrolls
or volute when carrying the upper member of the cornice

489
A space entirely or partly under a building; in churches, generally beneath the chancel
and used for burial in earlier times. An underground chamber: an underground room or
vault, often below a church, used as a burial chamber or chapel, or for storing religious
artifacts

490 The central shaft of a circular staircase. Also applied to the post in which the handrail is
framed.
491
The chief magistrates buildings, in the former republic of Venice & Genoa.

492
A spherical roof, (a dome-shaped roof) placed like an inverted cup over a circular square
or multi-angular apartment. A dome on roof: a small dome on a roof, sometimes made of
glass and providing natural light inside

493
An ante-room to a larger apartment of a building; An entrance hall: a small room or hall
between an outer door and the main part of a building

494
A construction such as a tower, at the crossing of a church rising above the neighboring
roofs and glazed at the sides

495
A twisted band, garland or chaplet, representing flowers, fruits leaves, often used in
decoration; A circular arrangement of flowers: a circular arrangement of flowers and
greenery placed as a memorial on a grave, hung up as a decoration, or put on
somebodys head as a sign of honor; a representation of wreath: a representation of a
circular arrangement of flowers, vines, or other things, for example in a carving or on a
coat of arms; [headdress; garland; laurel]

496
In Renaissance, a room used primarily for exhibition of art objects, or a drawing room;
[grand sitting room; social gathering of intellectuals; art exhibition or gallery]

497
A roof having a double slope on four sides; the lower slope being much steeper and the
flatter upper portion. Also known as the gambrel roof.

498
A room decorated with plants, sculpture and fountains (often decorated with beautiful
Maiden living in Rivers, trees) and intended for relaxation. [nymph: a spirit or a minor
goddess of nature; or a beautiful young woman]

499 An ornate iron grille, or screen, a characteristic feature of Spanish Church interiors; An
architectural decoration: a carved decoration at the top of a gable, spire, or arched
structure
500 A support for a column statue or a vase, it usually consists of a base. Die or Dado, and
a cornice or cap mould
501 A window in a sloping roof usually that of a sleeping apartment. A window projecting
from roof: a window for a room within the roof space that is built out at right angles to the
main roof and has its own gable

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502 A bust (sculpture of head & shoulders) on a square pedestal instead of a human body,
used in classic times to mark boundaries on highways, and used decoratively in
Renaissance times.
503 Vertical members dividing windows into different number of lights

504
A Spanish arcaded or colonnaded yard; a paved area outside a house: a paved area
adjoining a house, used for outdoor dining, growing plants in containers, and recreation.
A roofless courtyard: a roofless inner courtyard typical of a Spanish-style house

505
Also called brackets or consoles or ancones. It is a projecting member to support a
weight. generally formed with scrolls or volutes which carry the upper member of a
cornice (a projecting moulding at the top of a wall or at where the wall & ceiling meets);
also a bracket in Corinthian order: a small curved ornamental bracket under the corona
of a Corinthian or Composite column

506
The horizontal divisions or crossbars of windows.

507 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue or an icon.

508
(to walk) the cloister (covered walkway around a courtyard) or covered passage around
the east end of the church, behind the altar.

509
Also called key pattern the upper portion of the pinnacle [pinnacle: pointed ornament: a
pointed ornament on top of a buttress or parapet]; an architectural decoration: a carved
decoration at the top of a gable, spire, or arched structure

510
a raised platform reserved for the seating of speakers and dignitaries; a raised platform:
a raised platform at the end of a hall or large room. [podium, platform, pulpit, stage]

511 The window of a protruded bay or the windowed bay itself. A protruding window: a
rounded or three-sided window that sticks out from an outside wall and forms a recess
on the inside
512
Bulbous termination to the top of a tower, found principally in Central & Eastern Europe

513 A communicating passage or wide corridor for pictures and statues. An upper storey for
seats in a church

514 A type of relief ornament or cresting [cresting: a decorative roof ridge: an ornamental
ridge on a roof ] resembling the studded leather straps arranged in geometrical and
sometimes interlaced patterns much used in the early renaissance architecture of
England.
515 The space between two columns

516
One of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of God or act as guardian
spirits, or Chubby, a rosy-faced child with wings

517
Earth-baked (unglazed) or burnt in moulds. For use in construction, harder in quality
than brick. [brownish red color]

518
A coat of arms; connected with heraldry or heralds: belonging or relating to heraldry or
heralds

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519
Phase of the early period of Spanish architecture of the later 15th and early 16th
century, an intricate style named after its likeness to silverwork; elaborately decorated:
relating to a heavily decorated architectural style fashionable in 16th-century Spain,
reminiscent of elaborate silverware

520
An elevated enclosed stand in a CHURCH in which the preacher stands

521
A roofed but open-sided structure affording an extensive view, usually located at the
rooftop of a dwelling but sometimes an independent building or an eminence (a hill) on a
formal garden; a building with fine view: a building or part of a building positioned to offer
a fine view of the surrounding area

522
An expression of Spanish baroque architecture and sculpture, a recurrent feature was
the richly garlanded spiral columns. [flamboyant-showy; brightly colored; highly
decorated ornamentation]

523
A movable candle lamp-stand with central shaft, and often branches or decorative
representation thereof; a branching light fitting: a large decorative candle holder with
several arms or branches, or a similarly shaped electric light fitting

524
(grating: metal grille) an ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an
assembly of straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.

525 Outstanding architectural creation in Sri Lanka which is a circular relic house built in
stone and brick.
526 Picturesque composition built in America since 1980. Hall timbering and massive
medieval chimney. Identified by prominent gables and large expansive windows with
small panes.
527
a large convex moulding used principally in the bases of columns.

528 Most typical Chinese building, usually octagonal in plan, odd number o stories usually 9
or 13 storeys and repeated roofs, highly colored and with upturned eaves, slopes to
each storey.
529
One storey with low-overhanging roof and broad front porch. Unpretentious style often
rambling spread out floor plan, more expensive to build; lightweight tropical house: a
simply-built one-storey house with a veranda and a wide, gently sloping roof in
Southeast Asia and the South Pacific

530
A glazed earth ware originally made in Italy; pottery with colored glaze: earthenware
decorated with colored opaque metallic glazes (often used before a noun)

531
Monumental pillars standing free without any structural function, with circular or
octagonal shafts with inscriptions carved in it. The capital was bell-shaped and crowned
with animal supported bearing the Buddhist will of Law.

532
Most famous of ancient Chinese building undertakings. It snakes, loops, and doubles
back on itself. Meandering across valleys, plains, scaling mountains, plunging into deep
gorges and leaping raging rivers of 3,700 miles.

533 An art free from any historical style characterized by forms of nature for ornamentation
in the faade aptly called for the floral design.

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534
a school founded by Gropius in 1919, developing a form of training intended to relate art
and architecture to technology and the practical needs of human life.

535 The arrangement and design of windows in a building

536 Relating or conforming to technical architectural principles.

537 Rock-cut temples in India

538
A structural system consisting of trusses in two directions rigidly connected at their
intersections. A rectangular shape is formed where the top and bottom chords of the
trusses are directly above & below one another.

539
a type of timber framing in America about 1820s wherein it owes its strength to the walls,
roof acting as diaphragms, and not on the post. It is an extension of the roof.

540 A Chinese ceremonial gateway erected in memory of an eminent person

541 A dwarf tree which is a perfect reflection of Japanese culture

542
An elegant two storey, rectangular town house with a massive stone first floor, and a
light and airy second floor, mother-of-pearl or capiz windows and picturesque wide tile
roof. Entrance is of Heavy plank door with wrought iron or brass nails, sturdy
balustrades of wood or iron grilles below windows to let in cool air.

543 An open-roofed gallery in an upper storey built for giving a view of the scenery.

544
In Japan, a structure where the appreciation of the arts and flower arrangement, with
drinking ceremony is done

545
Intercolumniation is regulated by this standard of Japanese measurement, which is
divided into 20 parts called minutes and each minute being again divided into 20 parts or
seconds of space.

546 Cordillera one room house on four wooden posts with an animal or insect barrier and a
pyramidal roof Cogon grass built without nails

547
A house with a prow-like (front of ship) majestic roof, the polychrome, extravagant
wooden carvings derived from the Malay Mythical bird the Sari Manok The silken
Muslim canopies in the Interiors. The protruding ends of floor beams are decorated with
intricate carvings

548
Lowlands area house with pithed roof, made of bamboo poles, thatch roof with woven
slit canes for walls and split bamboo slats flooring

549
Made of 0.75 m. thick stone of lime wall with thick thatched roof made of several layers
of cogon and held together by seasoned sticks or reeds and rattan to withstand fiercest
typhoons in the north

550
An arcade of roofed gallery built into or projecting from the side of a building particularly
one overlooking an open court. A covered balcony and walkway: a covered open-sided
walkway, often with arches, along one side of a building

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551
Japanese dominant roofs characterized by their exquisite curvature, and are supported
upon a succession of simple or compound brackets. The upper part of the roof is
terminated by a gable placed vertically above the end walls, while the lower part of the
main roof is carried round the ends of the building in a hipped form.

552
Shinto temples (Shinto-Japanese religion) are characterized by this gateway formed by
upright posts supporting two or more horizontal beams

553
Fool the eye are paintings adorning everything from cabinets to cupboards, fire
screen to dishwashers. This creates an illusion of space. A make-believe doorway for
example extends a hall. A glass cabinet or door is painted with cows and chicken and
make-believe or create an outdoor scene.

554
A house composed of natural materials. It is an eclectic and organic look that grows and
changes with antiques and a clutter of different collections, made of rough plaster, old
beams, wood framed windows and slate or brick floors. A house in the country: a large
house in the country, often with a large area of land attached

555 1930s modernists style of art inspired by mechanical forms and chiefly distinguished by
geometrical shapes, bold color schemes and symmetrical designs, suitable for mass
production
556 These are garden rooms.

557 patio (Spanish outdoor living or dining);VERANDAH (a porch or balcony for summer
leisure); LOGGIA
558
Turret(medieval) ; minaret (Islamic);steeple (church tower & spire)(term use for spire
crowned towers)

559
Pinnacle(highest point); fleche (a church spire); spire (tapering termination of a gothic
church tower); finial (a design at the top of a spire)

560 Boss (vaulted or flat); groin (vaulted only)

561 Quoins (just a corner stone) vs. squinch (structural arch to support a dome)

562 statue chamber

563 bldg that hold sculpture

564 bldg that holds painting

565 acropolis, sacred enclosure

566 coffer, ceiling

567 space bet naos wall and column

568 tholos passageway

569 sleeping room, megaron

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

570
(greatest example of Egyptian temple)

571
Great Sphinx at Gizeh

572
Senusurets- built the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis
Amenemhat I- founded the great temple at Karnak
Thothmes I- began the additions to the temple of Amnon Karnak
Amenophis III- built the famous Colossi of Memnon
Rameses I- began the hypostyle hall at Karnak
Seti I- built the temple at Abu- Simber
Ptolemy II- built the pharos of Light House
Ptolemy III- founded the Great Seradeum at Alexandria

573
gateway to greek temple

574
largest
- geatest example of greek architecture
- archt. Ictinus
- master sculptor- Callicrates
- Doric temple
- naos- made of gold and ivory
- holds the statue of Athena

575
prototype Greek Thetre
- largest for 30,000 people

576
oldest & most important bldg in Rome

577 largest circus in Rome

578 largest forum in Rome

579 1. Temporary shelter from perishable materials

580 2. Caves

581 3. Rocks on top of each other

582 4. Hard-packed snow blocks

583 5. animal skins

584 1. Battered or sloping outside walls

585 2. Columns & Capitals from vegetable origins

586
3. Papyrus Buds, Lotus Flower walls of mud brick, thick & 9M high

587 4. Unbroken massive walls adorned with hieroglyphics

588 1. Abundance of clay-provided bricks

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589 2. Roofs flat outside

590
3. Architecture was arcuated winged deity and winged human headed lion used as dcor

591 4. Houses of one room, entered by a single door & without windows

592 1. Temple pyramids are approached by a single steep flight of steps.

593
2. Stone [finely dressed, carved, or laid as roughly dressed rubble] was employed for all important
buildings

594 1. Columnar & trabeated (have horizontal beams rather than archs)

595 2. Wooden roofs were untrussed

596 3. Ceilings sometimes omitted

597 4. optical illusions were corrected, in Greek Temples

598 5. Doric, Ionic, Corinthian [orders of columns]

599 1. The arch & the vault was developed

600 2. Two orders of architecture added [Tuscan & Composite]

601
3. Concrete is now used [composition of lime, sand, pozzolana & broken bricks or small stones.

602 1. Widely Spaced Columns carrying semi-circular arches

603
2. Basilican Churches have 3 to 5 aisles, covered by a simple timber roof

604 3. Mosaic decoration added internally

605 4. separate buildings used for baptism or baptisteries

606
1. Novel development of the Dome to cover polygonal and square plans of churches

607 2. Tomb & baptisteries by means of pendentives

608 3. Fresco decoration using marble & mosaic

609 1. Bulbous or onion dome

610 2. Minarets

611 3. stalactite moulding

612 4. cresting: decorative roof ridge: an ornamental ridge on a roof

613 5. painted arch

614 1. Ribbed & panel, cross vaults;

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615 2. plaster strips, arcades, rose windows,

616 3. Sober (serious/ not fanciful)& dignified style

617
4. Formal massing depends on the grouping of towers and the projection of transepts & choir.

618 1. Pointed arch

619 2. buttress, flying buttress

620 3. gargoyles, decorated vaulting

621 4. rose & lancet windows ploughshare twist

622 5. variety of open roofs (trussed, tie-beam, collar)

623 1. Rusticated masonry, (rough masonry)

624 2. Quoins, Balusters

625 3. domes or raised drums

626 4. pediments one within the other

627 5. rococo

628 6. baroque style

629 7. mansard roof

630 8. salon

631 1. Picturesque values

632
2. Reflected in the predilection (liking) for highly textured, colorful materials, asymmetry &
informality.

633 3. palazzo style was a triumph of national ecclesiasticism

634 4. New functions & techniques produced new forms

635 5. Taller buildings were designed due to concrete & cast iron frames.

636 6. New materials were used due to the effect of canals

637 7. Railroad systems, central heating & elevator or lift

638
1. Repetition of standard bays, both plan & elevation, an affinity (similarity) with bay system,
programmatically adopted with the introduction of iron construction

639 1. Neo-classic & Greek revival was followed

640 2. Baloon frame was introduced

641 3. The skyscraper was contributed related to metal frame construction

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

642 4. The non-load-bearing curtain wall & the elevator

643
1. Free-standing glass sheath suspended on a framework across the face of the building or curtain
wall.

644 2. Art Noveau and Bauhaus was developed

645
3. Enormous Spans unobstructed were at length achieved with concrete.

646 4. Steel is used in space-frame

647 1. Hindu worship is an individual act

648
2. Buddhist religious buildings or shrines took the form of STUPAS (Buddhist shrine or pagoda),
and are designed for congregational use.

649 3. Mouldings have BULBOUS character

650 4. The TORUS moulding is used

651
5. Various BAS reliefs depicting scenes of daily life and story of Buddha

652 6. The female form in its voluptuous (sensual) form is often used

653 1. Rock Temples, with square or octagonal pillars

654
2. A circular relic house (wata-dage) built in stone & brick is an outstanding architectural creation.

655 3. Architecture of wood, with high pitched roofs, with wide eaves, slightly curved, finished with
small flat shingles and terra cotta tiles.

656 4. Windows with lacquered wood bars, carved timber doorways, ornamental metalwork door
furniture, painted walls.

657
1. Cupola Roofs (dome shaped roof or dome on roof), spanning with arched squinches, the square
chamber angles, lantern roof and coffered dome, an elaborate system of hexagon, each containing
the statue of Buddha

658
2. The SIKHARA & PAGODA temples survive.

659
3. A monumental pillar generally supporting a metal superstructure adorned with mystic symbols,
groups of divinities and portraits statuary of royalties.

660
4. Windows have intricate lattice screens and roof have red curved tiles, metal gutters and
projecting cornice and fancifully decorated with carving, embossing, tinkling bells and hanging
lamps.

661 5. The monastery is fortress-like sited on hill tops.

662
6. Pillars and beams are painted yellow or red and painted silks hang from the roof.

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663 1. Stepped Temple Pyramid, terraced on a hill

664
2. Using stone without mortar fitted perfectly and numerous colossal towers

665
3. Religious buildings overlaid with ornamentation of Chinese characters, surfaces often
finished with porcelain tile

666 4. Walls are white stucco, (wall plaster)

667 5. multi-leveled overlapping timber roofs

668 6. Gables and bargeboard decorated with Hindu iconography.

669
7. Doors and window shutters are of carved wood, lacquered in black and gold.

670
1. Roof ridges are laden with elaborate ornamental cresting and the up-tilted angles are adorned
with fantastic dragons and grotesque ornament.(distorted bizarre)

671 2. Roofs one on top of the other using S-shape enameled tiles.

672 3. Roof framing in rectangle and not triangle.

673 4. Use of bright colors

674 5. Column brackets are decorated with birds, flowers and dragons.

675
1. Light and delicate timber construction is refined by a minute carving & decoration

676
2. Dominant roofs characterized by their exquisite (beautiful/superb) curvature, supported by a
succession of brackets

677
3. Upper part of the roof is terminated by a gable placed vertically above the end walls

678 4. Rooms are regulated by a KEN Tatami mats.

679
5. Love of nature: using stone, lantern & bonsai.

680
1. Use of indigenous (natural) materials for houses like bamboo, palm leaves, sturdy wooden
posts, carved wooden sidings, cogon grass roof.

681 2. Spanish-style high-pitched roofs,

682 3. Capiz shell windows, barandillas, balconies,

683 4. Coconut shell & wood design.

684 5. Much use of galvanized iron sheet for roofing

685 1. Beehives,

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686 2. huts,

687 3. caves,

688 4. tents,

689 5. Stonehenge, England

690 6. igloos

691 1. Sphinx,

692
2. Pyramids, Pyramid of King Zoser
Architect: Imhotep
earliest pyramidal structure of the ancient world, the Step Pyramid (c.2630 BC) of King Zoser
at Saqqara, Egypt
consist of six terraces of receding sizes with a one staba The Great Pyramid
the Pyramid of Khufu is the largest in the world, measuring 230m (756 ft)

693 3. Obelisks,

694 4. Mastaba Tombs,

695 5. Great Temple,

696
6. Abu-Simbel, dedicated chieftly to Re-Harakhti, God of the rising sun
built during the reign of Ramses II (1304 1237 BC)

697
7. Temple of Luxor - or Southern Sanctuary at Luxor, Egypt, 18th dynasty king
dedicated to Amon-Re, king of the Gods
built of sandstone for the quarries of Gebel Silsila

698
7. Temple of Khons,

699 1. Ziggurat of Ur,

700 2. persepolis,

701 3. hall of the hundred columns

702 1. Temple Pyramid of the Sun,

703 2. Citadel Teotihuacan,

704 3. Temple of the Giant Jaguar,

705 4. Great Plaza of Tenochtitlan Machu Picchu, Peru

706 1. Acropolis,

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

707 2. Parthenon-temple, Architect: Itchinus and Callicrates with Phidias


Location: Athens, Greece
Style: Ancient Greek Doric
on the historic Acropolis. Doric exemplar

708
Erectheum _ Architect: Mnesicles
Location: Athens, Greece
Style: Ancient Greek, Ionic
has Caryatid Porch with figural columns. On the Acropolis, uses grade change.

709 3. Agora,

710
Epidaurus Theater
Architect: Polykleitos
Location: Epidauros, or Epidhavros, Greece
Style: Ancient Greek
and the quality of its acoustics make the Epidaurus theatre one of the great architectural
achievements of the fourth century.
the largest and best preserved ancient theaters in Greece.
can accommodate 14,000 spectators.

711 4. ODEION theatre,

712
5. stoa, - ancient covered walkway, usually with a wall on one side and a row of columns at the
other

713
6. Mausoleum Sarcophagus,

714 7. open hillside theatres

715

1. The Pantheon
118 - 126
Architect: Acrippa
Location: Rome, Italy
Style: Ancient Roman
great domed hall with oculus
oculus a single circular opening
one of the great spiritual buildings of the world
it was built as a Roman temple and later consecrated as a Catholic Church
revived the use of brick and concrete in temple Architecture

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

716
2. Forums,Trajans Forum
100 112
Architect: Apollodorus of Damascus
Location: Rome, Italy
Style: Roman
composed of an arc of arched arcade
most magnificent and architecturally most pleasing
largest known forums

717
3. Basilicas

718 4. Thermae,

719 5. Amphitheatres,

720

6. Colosseum Coemeteria, Colosseum


70 82
Architect: Vespacian and Domitian
Location: Rome, Italy
Style: Ancient Roman
three-quarter columns and entablatures, Doric in the first story, Ionic in the second, and
Corinthian in the third, face the three tiers of arcades
largest Roman Amphitheater
designed to hold 50,000 spectators
had approximately eighty entrances so crowds could arrive and leave easily and quickly

721 7. Triumphal arch,

722 8. gateways,

723 9. aqueducts

724 1. Basilican Churches,

725 2. Baptisteries

726
1. St. Sophia, Constantinople

727 2. St. Mark, Venice

728 1. The great mosques,

729 2. Damascus & Cordoba,

730 3. Kiosk @ Istanbul

731 4. Taj mahal mausoleum @ Agra

732 5. Tomb of Humayun, Delhi

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

733 1. St, Zeno,

734 2. Maggiore Monastery,

735 3. Leaning Tower,

736 4. Cathedral & Baptistery of Pisa,

737 5. Castles, fortifications,

738 6. chateus, Manor houses

739 1. Notre Dame Cathedral,

740 2. Paris Canterbury Cathedral,

741 3. Kings College,

742 4. Canterbury Town Halls,

743 5. Skippers house @ Ghent

744 1. Palazzo Ricardi @ Florence,

745 2. St. Peters PIAZZA,

746 3. Cathedral Vatican,

747 4. Palais du louvre,

748 5. Paris Chateu Maisons,

749 6. St Pauls Cathedral, London,

750 7. Guild Houses @ Brussels

751 1. Westminster New Palace (House of Parliament), London

752 2. Crystal Palace, London [???]

753 3. University Museum, Oxford

754 4. Red House, Kent

755 5. Cathedral @ Guildford

756 1. Eiffel tower, [???]

757 2. New louvre,

758 3. Paris Opera House,

759 4. Paris & cologne.

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

760
1. the White House
Architect: James Hoban
Location: Washington, D.C.
Date: 1793 to 1801, burned 1814, porticos 1824 to1829
Style: Georgian Neoclassical
official residence of the president of the United States of America, for the last 200 years

761
2. Capitol of the United States
Architects: Thornton-Latrobe-Bulfinch
Location: Washington, D.C.
Date: 1793 to 1830
Style: Neoclassical
meeting place of the U.S. Congress, the national assembly of the United States of America,
consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate

762
National Gallery of Art
Architect: John Russel Pope
houses one of the finest collections of painting, sculptures, and graphic arts in the world

763
Washington Monument
Architect: Robert Mills
Location: Washington, D.C.
Style: Neo-Egyptian
the obelisk is the only remnant of the original blue print that remains
with George Marsh, competition 1836. standard Egyptian proportion of 10:1 height to base

764

Golden Gate Bridge


1933 to 1937
Architect: Joseph Strauss
Location: San Francisco, California
Building type: suspension bridge
Construction system: steel frame, steel cables
Styles: Structural Modern with some Art Deco details
one of the longest bridge in the world
a powerful and elegant human structure in an equally beautiful natural location
overall bridge length of 9266 feet, or 2824 meters
bridge main span length of 4200 feet, or 1280 meters

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765
Saint Patricks Cathedral
Architect: James Renwick
Location: New York
shaped like a Latin cross
the largest Roman Catholic Cathedral in the United States
designed in a Gothic Revival materials at English and French Gothic Style

766
3. Boston Empire State Building,

767 4. English Country Houses

768 5. Bungalows

769

The Louvre
1546 to 1878
Architect: Pierre Lescot
Location: Paris, France
Building type: palace, art museum
Construction system: cut stone bearing masonry
Style: French Renaissance
also designed by Catherine de Medici, J.A. du Cerceau II, Claude Perrault, etc.
I.M. Pei: design the glass pyramid, which serves as the main public entrance

770
Palais Royal
commissioned by Cardinal Richeliev
original name is Palais Cardinal
17th century
Daniel Buren: stripped columns

771 Arc de Triomphe


Napoleon, the French emperor decided to build a very big arch of triumph, which stands at the
top of the Champs Elysees

772
Pompidou Centre
1972 to 1976
Architect: Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: modern art museum
Construction system: high-tech steel and glass
Style: High-tech modern
a cost of $100,000,000, with an average attendance of approximately seven million people a
year
massive structural expressionist cast exoskeleton, "exterior" escalators enclosed in transparent
tube

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

773
Notre Dame de Paris
1163 to 1250
Architect: Maurice de Sully
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: church, cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
Style: Early Gothic
one of the most celebrated Gothic cathedrals in France
twin towers marking the entrance
probably the most famous image in French Gothic art

774

Paris Opera House


1857 to 1874
Architect: Charles Garnier
Location: Paris, France
Building type: theater, opera house
Construction system: masonry, cut stone
Style: Neo-Baroque
polychrome faade, opulent staircase
commission by competition
masterpiece of 19th century architecture
one of the largest and most opulent theaters in the world
false ceiling painted by Marc Chagall

775 Elysee Palace


1718
Architect: Claude Mollet
official residence of the president of France

776 Hotel de Invalides


Napoleons tomb is within the structure
founded by Louis XIV for disabled soldiers
late 17th century

777
La Madeleine
Architect: Napoleon I
church of Ste. Marie Madeleine
constructed as a church in 1842
surrounded by 52 Corinthian columns

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

778
Chartres Cathedral
1194 to 1260
Location: Chartres, France
Building type: cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Gothic exemplar
the elevation was in three tiers as it had no gallery and the vaulting was quadripartite, which
eliminated the need for alternating supports
supreme monument of High Gothic art and architecture

779

Rheims Cathedral
one of the greatest monument of Gothic art and architecture
construction commerced by Jean dOrbais and was completed by Robert de Coucy
a work of remarkable unity and harmony

780
Eiffel Tower
1887 to 1889
Architect: Gustave Eiffel
Location: Paris, France
Building Type: exposition observation tower
Construction system: exposed iron
Style: Victorian Structural Expressionist
dominates the sky line of Paris
one of the most famous landmarks in the world
built for the Paris Exposition of 1889

781 Sorbonne
most famous building at the University of Paris

782
British Museum
1823 to 1847
Architect: Sir Robert Smirke
Location: London, England
Building type: art and historical museum, library
Construction system: masonry, cut stone
Style: Victorian Ionic faade,
Classical Revival
Includes one of the world's great library rooms. Glazed roof over restored courtyard by
Norman Foster

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783

Salisbury Cathedral
1220 to 1258
Location: Salisbury, England
Building type: Cathedral (church, temple)
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
Style: English Gothic
Cathedral of Saint Mary
an outstanding example of the Early English architectural style
tallest in England 404ft (123m)
use of Purbeck marble to create a strongly coloured

784
Queens House
1616 to 1635
Architect: Inigo Jones the greatest of English Classical architect
Location: Greenwich, England
Building type: large house
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Palladian, Late English Renaissance
was built by Jones for Anne of Denmark, wife of James I

785
Somerset House
1776 to 1786
Architect: William Chambers
Location: London, England
Building type: government offices and art school
Construction system: cut stone masonry
Style: Neoclassical
Home of Royal Academy of the Arts. Corinthian orders above arched courtyard apertures,
rusticated base

786
Saint Pauls Cathedral
1675 to 1710
Architect: Sir Christopher Wren
Location: London, England
Building type: church
Construction system: masonry, brick, timber and cut stone
Style: Late renaissance to Baroque
the dome peaks at 366 feet above pavement
a masterpiece of Baroque architecture
largest cathedral in England

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

787
Chiswick House
1729
Architect: Lord Burlington
Location: Chiswick, England
Building type: large house
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Palladian
also known as Burlington House

788
Westminster Palace
1836 to 1868
Architect: Sir Charles Barry
Location: London
Building type: seat of government, government center
Construction system: cut stone bearing masonry
Style: English Gothic Revival
Big Ben: the clock tower best known is a great symbol of London
originally seat of kings as a royal residence

789

Durham Cathedral
1093 to 1280
Location: Durham, England
Building type: church, cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone
Style: Romanesque
one of the most impressive Norman Romanesque style in Europe
had a reciprocal influence on the architecture of Normady
the rib vault covering of Durham Cathedral is the oldest example that has survived

790
Glasgow School of Art
1897 to 1909
Architect: Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Location: Glasgow, England
Building type: college
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: art and crafts, art nouveau

791 Buckingham Palace


Architect: sir George Goring
built during the reign of king James I

792 1. Salginatobel Bridge,

793 2. Einstein Tower, Eirch Mendelsohn

794 3. Chapel of Notre Dame, Le Corbusier

795 4. Johnson Wax Building, Frank Lloyd Wright

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796 5. Falling Water, Frank Lloyd Wright

797 6. Dulles International Airport, Eero saarinen

798 7. Guggenheim Museum, Frank Lloyd wright

799 8. Sydney opera House, Jorn Utzon

800 9. Geodesic dome, Buckminster Fuller

801
Temple of Heaven
Location: China
700 acre enclosure built by the Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle (Yung-Io)
means Perpetual Help

802

Hagia Sofia
532 to 537
Architect: Isidoros and Anthemios
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Building type: church
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Byzantine
a tremendous domed space
built as the new Cathedral of Constantinople by the Emperor Justinian
a masterpiece of Byzantine architecture
additional minarets when the church became a mosque

803 Cathedral of Siena


Location: Southern Italy
incorporated Gothic elements in a strongly Mediterranean design

804

Pisa Cathedral
103 to 1350
Location: Pisa, Italy
Building type: church complex
Construction system: bearing masonry, cut stone, white marble
Style: Romanesque
"Pisa Cathedral with Baptistery, Campanile and Campo Santo, together form one of the most
famous building groups in the world
the cathedral complex includes the famous Leaning Tower, La Torre Pendente
white marble with colonnaded facades

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805

Florence Cathedral
1296 to 1462
Architect: Arnolfo di Cambio
Location: Florence, Italy
Building type: domed church, cathedral
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Italian Romanesque
1296: Cathedral begun on design by Arnolfo di Cambio
1357: Project continued on a modified plan by Francesco Talenti
1366-7: Talenti's definitive design emerged calling for an enormous octagonal dome
1418: competition for construction of dome.
1420: technical solution for vaulting proposed by Brunelleschi approved and construction
begun
The Duomo dome added by Brunelleschi
1436 church consecrated

806
Krak des Chevaliers
1150 to 1250
Location: Syria
Building type: fort
Style: Medieval
crusader castle
the best preserved and most wholly admirable castle in the world

807

Alhambra
1338 to 1390
Location: Granada, Spain
Building type: palace
Construction system: bearing masonry
Style: Moorish (Islamic)
palace of Nasrid Dynasty
the most beautiful remaining example of Western Islamic Architecture
built as a cathedral in the mid-1200s
hall of justice: noted from its elaborate stalactite (maqarnas) decoration

808
Casa Batllo
1905 to 1907
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Building type: apartment building
Construction system: concrete
Style: Expressionist or Art Nouveau
uses animal styles al through-out the structure

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809

Casa Mila
1905 to 1910
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Building type: multifamily housing
Construction system: masonry and concrete
Style: Art Nouveau
expressionistic, fantastic, organic forms in undulating facade and roof line
light court
it could be compared with the steep cliff walls in which African tribes build their cave-like
dwellings

810
Sagrada Familia
1882 to 1926
Architect: Antonio Gaudi
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Building type: church
Construction system: masonry
Style: Expressionist
Church of the Holy Family
uncompleted during Gaudis lifetime
crowned by four spires

811
Taj Mahal
1630 to 1653
Architect: Emperor Shah Jahan
Location: Agra, India
Building type: Islamic tomb
Construction system: bearing masonry, inlaid marble
Style: Islamic
roofs
1. onion-shape domes, flanking
at 45 degrees gradient towers,
or lessbuilt for wife Mumatz Mahal
located
2. use on the Jumna
of bricks, Riverhardwood, capiz shells (G.I. sheets and clay tiles or tisa
limestone,
museum
were for Mogul emperors consort
imported)
3. elaborate lace-like grillwork (1870s)
1.
4. a regimewith
transoms of reinforced
floral and concrete andwork
foliate scroll galvanized
(1890s) iron
2. Neo-Classical styles
5. 1890s Art Nouveau brought swirling vines and flowers for staircase balustrades,
812 3.shrine
DANIEL of freedom,
BURNHAM designed by Fatherby Antonio Cedeno,W.H. with Taft
Diego Jordantheas
etched or colored glasspanels
commissioned
replaced capiz Gov. General to draft Master
engineer
Plan for Manilaofand government buildings (Agri-Finance Building, Senate Building,
6. emergence Filipino and foreign architects working in
famous walled city within a city; seven gates; completed 1872; made of bricks and hardthe Philippines
813 among
a. FELIX others)
ROXAS first Filipino architect;
adobe from the Pasig River quarries; wall served
are 45 ft asthick
architect to the
and rise 25 Manila
ft above government;
the moat;
4. MASTER
studied in BUILDERS
England and (maestro de obras) acquired title either from practical
Spain
structures inside the city include:
814 experience
b. JUAN HERVAS or completed
a Catalanacademic who training
was oneofofMaster Builders
the Spanish course invited to
architects
5.- LICEO
mediocre DE MANILA
design, first
uncontrolled schooland
reconstruct Manila after the earthquake of 1863 and 1880to open
hasty three year
rebuilding course
only in architecture
resurrected old designs
6.
7. TOMAS
churchesMAPUA
- commercial building first
drew licensed architect;
inspiration established thearchitecture
from contemporary second school in the(followed
West by
815 UST and Adamson)
a.- development
Sto. Domingo of community
Church, planning
Intramuros
Movement in 20th Century, art that represented the revolutionary effort of young Italian
7. MASONIC
-b.BUNGALOW TEMPLE, Escolta1948; church
firstone-storey
multi-storey reinforced concrete building in the
816
San Ignacio,
Concrete, steelIntramuros
introduced
and glass infirst designed house
by a with wide
Filipino picture
architect windows, a
Philippines
lanai
c. Sanand a carport for up
Sebastian
Advocators: Church,
Jim Slade andto three cars
Manila
Robert only Gothic church in the Philippines
Colley.
8. CHALET
Cubist
- modern
8. brides style developed
suburbanwith
architecture inhouse;
Germany simple
a renewed anddesign
Austria
interest with verandah in front or around the
in(1900s).CHARACTERISTICS:
Filipino motifs
an architects.
817 house;
Devoid
a. use
Fuente middle-class
ofof ornamentation
pointed
de Espana roofs, lattices,
first bridge screens,
to span wood
the carvings
Pasig River linking Intramuros and
The architecture of reinforced concrete iron and glass.
9.
b. 1930s continued
Symmetrical/Assymetrical
architecture
Binondo of urban
LEANDRO development;
plans
LOCSIN and emergence ofMANOSA
FRANCISCO multi-storey, multi-family
Calculation of audacity and simplicity
818 Sought
dwellings
Overlapping
b. Colganteforand
solutions
&commercialfor
intersecting
Bridge alternative
suspensionstructures; cheap
2-dimensional
bridge; forms
distinct
planes
only forofpedestrians;
construction
simplification
that enclose in timber,
of lines, emphasis
3-dimensional
framework brick
of & metal.
on
space.
iron
Capable of expressing tangible miracles.
Initiated
verticality;
Pure color
imported by British
other
like
from white (pre-fab.
architects
England Architecture)
contradicted
& grey ofMarinetti. the
exterior walls. trend by putting horizontal strips of glass
Inspired by Filippo Tommaso
A design of something
window
Distribution Auspicious.
of wall to window space is approximately equal.
819 Other definitions:
Refers to low-cost housing
Pre-Fabricated unit
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Non-representational style of art w/c uses HISTORY


modern OF ARCHITECTURE
industrial REVIEWER
materials: plastic & glass.
Ideal abstract art movement arose in Europe & Russia (1913-1920)
820 Out
Based viewoninthe
w/c the Art
idea: major activities
is an absolute or entity,
environmental factorliewas
whose origin employed
in the mind & in the forms
whose
structure
are unrelatedin a non-intellectual manner.
to objects of visible world.
CHARACTERISTICS:
Concept of art: includes painting & sculpture.
821 Continuity of forms rather than proportionality and geometric terms/means.
Tendency to avoid rectangular forms.
822 ,Tends
first built in the 13th
to individual century and reconstructed in 19061909, is the largest clay
sensibility.
building in the world.
823 developed the first safe passenger elevator. In addition to this, was the development of
techniques for manufacturing rolled steel
824 architecture OF THE borrowing and OF free selection
movement for aesthetic and moral crusade
825 - escape FROM THE Industrial World
- John Ruskin(1819-1900) and William Morris(1834-1896) were THE key figures
826 In Egyptian architecture, the tomb of the pharaohs is the.

827 The great pyramid at Gizeh was built during the 4th dynasty by.

828 The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty.

829 The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her
domains had ample supply of was.
830 Greek architecture was essentially.

831 Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles

832 The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect
building ever erected is the.
833 With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the
Romans achieved huge interiors with the.
834 Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks.

835 From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the
practice of using.
836 The finest and remaining example of Byzantine architecture.

837 The architectural character of the Romanesque architecture is.

838 Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the
use of what material for facing walls.
839 The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome.

840 The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple.

841 Amphitheaters are used for ___.

842 An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places.

843 The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.

844 An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex
tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles.
845 Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually,
the ornament itself.
846 Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

847 In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine.

848 The characteristic of Greek ornament.

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849 The use of ___ for facing walls distinguishes Romanesque architecture in Italy from that
of the rest of Europe.
850 The outstanding group of Romanesque is found in ___.

851 The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

852 The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

853 The open court in an Italian palazzo.

854 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window.

855 Japanese tea house.

856 A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration.

857 Domical mound containing a relic.

858 Ifugao house (southern strain).

859 In Mesopotamian architecture, religion called for temples made of sun-dried bricks.

860 The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps.

861 Tomb of the pharaohs.

862 Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for
consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.
863 A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and
intended to house an altar.
864 Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos.

865 Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

866 Architect of the Einstein Tower.

867 Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.

868 What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style?

869 From what architecture is the Angkor Vat?

870 The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.

871 Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a battlement.

872 Taj Mahal temple is located in ___.


In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who consolidate the administrative
873 system, made a survey of the country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful
works.
874 Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis.

875 Jubilee festivals of the pharaohs.

876 The world's first large-scale monument in stone.

877 The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh

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878 A vault created when two barrel vaults intersect at the right angles.

879 Sarimanok is a dcor reflecting the culture of the ___.

880 Caryatid porch is from what architecture?

881 Female statues with baskets serving as columns.

882 A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle.

883 A hall built in Roman Empire for the administration of justice.

884 The Parthenon is from what architecture.

885 A roof in which 4 faces rests diagonally between the gables and converge at the roof.

886 A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture.

887 A concave molding approximately quarter round.

888 Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo.

889 A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must be well oriented'.

890 What is not required as a feature in modern Muslim mosque.

891 Architect of Robinson's Galleria

892 Major contribution of the Renaissance Architecture.

893 "A house is like a flower pot"

894 Richly carved coffins of Greece and Mesopotamia.

895 King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty.

896 The council house in Greece.

897 Elizabethan Architecture is from what architecture.

898 Art Noveau style first appeared in what structure.

899 A faced without columns or pilaster in renaissance architecture.

900 Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany it is known as ___.

901 Less is more.

902 First school which offered architecture in the Philippines.

903 Embrasures.

904 Formal architecture, one of the principles of composition.

905 Different historical styles combined.

906 Architect of TWA airport.

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907 The falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright is also known as ___.

908 First president and founder of PAS.

909 "Modern architecture need not be western".

910 Architect of the national library, Philippines.

911 The xerxes hall of hundred columns was introduced during the Mesopotamian
architecture, which palace was it used.
912 Taj Mahal is a building example of what architecture.

913 The convex projecting molding of eccentric curve supporting the abacus of a Doric
capital.
914 Pantiles used for Chinese roofings.

915 Greek equivalent of the Roman forum, a place of open air assembly or market.

916 A slight vertical curvature in the shaft of a column.

917 The very ornate style of architecture developed in the later renaissance period.

918 A multi-storied shrine like towers, originally a Buddhist monument of diminishing size
with corbelled cornice and moldings.
919 "cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.

920 From the Greek forms of temple, the three where it lies is known as ___.

921 From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear.

922 Memorial monuments of persons buried elsewhere in Roman architecture.

923 The three pyramids in Gizeh

924 The cistern storage of collected rainwater underneath the azotea of the bahay na bato.

925 A shallow cistern or drain area in the center of a house.

926 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.

927 The tomb beneath a church.

928 A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches.

929 A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma reversa strap.

930 Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site.

931 A roman house with a central patio.

932 Revival of classical Roman style


The style emerging in western Europe in the early 11th century, based on Roman and
933 Byzantine elements, and powerful vaults, and lasting until the advent of Gothic
architecture.characterized by massive articulated wall structures, round arches,
934 Architect and furniture designer.

935 First registered architect in the Philippines.

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936 The public square of imperial Rome.

937 Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.

938 Finest example of French-Gothic architecture

939 How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral?

940 Agora is from what architecture?

941 Sacred artificial mountains of Babylon and Assyria.

942 A plant whose leaves form the lower portions of the Corinthian capital.

943 Structure of wedge-shaped blocks over an opening.

944 The space between the sloping roof over the aisle and the aisle vaulting, so also called
a blind story.
945 A windowed wall that rises above the roof of adjacent walls that admit light into the
interior.
946 A standard, usually of length, by which the proportions of a building are determined.

947 The triangular or segmental space enclosed by a pediment or arch.

948 A line of counterthrusting arches on columns or piers.

949 In the classical order, the lowest part or member of the entablature; the beam that spans
from column to column.
950 In classical architecture, the elaborated beam member carried by the columns.

951 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.

952 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

953 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

954 A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a flower arrangement or art.

955 Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.

956 The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and notable of its large dome.

957 Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.

958 A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the
polygonal plan of its supporting structure.
959 A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.

960 The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir or
chancel and usually flanked by aisles.
961 The covered walk of an atrium.

962 A basin for ritual cleansing with water in the atrium of an early Christian basilica.

963 A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a church.

964 An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently place over the altar in a church.

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965 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue.

966 A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items.

967 A tower in the Muslim Mosque used to call people to prayer.

968 Coffers, sunken panels in the ceiling.

969 The Buddhist temple in ancient Cambodia which feature four faces of the
compassionate Buddha.
970 A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and Muslim 12th-16th century

971 architecture.

972 Projecting blocks of stone carved with foliage, typical in Gothic architecture.

973 A slab forming the crowning member of the capital.

974 The crowning member of a column.

975 A rectangular or square slab supporting the column at the base.

976 A low screen wall enclosing the choir in early Christian church.

977 The cold section of a Roman Bath.

978 This church in the Philippines is the seat of the Malolos Congress.

979 The palace proper in Assyrian palaces.

980 Holy mountains.

981 Architect of the famous propylaea, Acropolis.

982 Private family apartments in Assyrian palaces.

983 The most stupendous and impressive of the rock-cut-temples.

984 The four-seated colossal statues of Rameses II is carved in the pylon of the ___.

985 Favorite motifs of design of the Egyptians.

986 Two main classes of temples in Egyptian Architecture.

987 Egyptian temples for ministrations to deified pharaohs.

988 Structure whose corners are made to face the four cardinal points.

989 Structure whose sides are made to face the four cardinal points.

990 Egyptian temples for the popular worship of the ancient and the mysterious gods.

991 The use of monsters in doorways is prevalent in what architecture?

992 The Greek male statues used as columns.

993 A recessed or alcove with raised seats where disputes took place.

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994 A single line of columns surrounding the Naos.

995 The uppermost step in the crepidoma.

996 The lowest step in the crepidoma.

997 A building in Greek and Roman for exercises or physical activities.

998 The three chamber of a Greek temple.

999 A Greek building that contains painted pictures.

1000 Temple with a portico of columns arranged in front.

1001 The clear space in between columns.

1002 Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.

1003 Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.

1004 Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.

1005 Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?

1006 Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.

1007 A kindred type to the theater.

1008 Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek.

1009 Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.

1010 What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?

1011 A foot race course in the cities.

1012 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front.

1013 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front and rear.

1014 In Greek, it is the Roman prototype of the Thermae.

1015 Greek order that has no base.

1016 The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek theaters.

1017 What orders did the Etruscans and the Romans add making 5 in all?

1018 What allowed the Romans to build vaults of a magnitude never equaled till the birth of
steel for buildings.
1019 The finest of all illustrations of Roman construction.

1020 The oldest and most important forum in Rome.

1021 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?

1022 Who completed the 'hall of hundred columns'?

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1023 Architects of the Parthenon.

1024 Master sculptor of the Parthenon.

1025 In Roman fountains, the large basin of water.

1026 Spouting jets in Roman fountain.

1027 The oldest circus in Rome.

1028 The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by
whom and completed by whom?
1029 Architect of the Erechtheion.

1030 A water clock or an instrument for measuring time by the use of water.

1031 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'.

1032 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum

1033 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia.

1034 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius.

1035 Both the regula and the mutule has guttae numbering a total of ___.

1036 A quadrigas is a ___.

1037 The water-leaf and tongue is a usual ornament found in the ___.

1038 The Corona is usually painted with the ___.

1039 Greek sculptures may be classified as "architectural sculpture, free standing statuary,

1040 One of the best examples of a surviving megaron type of Greek domestic building.

1041 The molding that is often found in the Doric Order.

1042 The wall or colonnade enclosing the Temenos

1043 The private house of the Romans.

1044 Roman rectangular temples stood on a ___.

1045 Roman large square tiles.

1046 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of brickworks.

1047 A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone laid in a loose pattern roughly
resembling polygonal work.
1048 A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect.

1049 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or without mortar joints.

1050 A Roman structure used as hall of justice and commercial exchanges.

1051 A type of monument erected to support a tripod, as a prize for athletic exercises or

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1052 musical competitions in Greek festivals.

1053 A type of ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an assemblage of


straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.
1054 Figures of which the upper parts alone are carved, the rest running into a parallelopiped
or diminishing pedestal.
1055 Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and domes.

1056 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.

1057 The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.

1058 The origin of the door architrave.

1059 The atrium type of house originated with the ___.

1060 Roman apartment blocks.

1061 A building in classic architecture decorated with flowers and plants with water for the
purpose of relaxation.
1062 !5th to 18th century architecture.

1063 "Form follows function".

1064 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance

1065 A pillared hall in which the roofs rests on the column in Egyptian temples.

1066 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak?

1067 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria.

1068 He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living".

1069 Tombs built for the Egyptian nobility rather than the royalty.

1070 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines.

1071 The warm room in the Thermae.

1072 The Hot room of the Thermae.

1073 The cold or unheated pool in the Thermae.

1074 The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.

1075 The dressing room of the Thermae.

1076 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.

1077 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.

1078 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.

1079 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.

1080 Orientation of the Medieval Church.

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1081 The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of
the church called ___.
1082 On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are

1083 In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later
developed into the transept, this is the ___.
1084 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church

1085 The iconoclastic movement during the Byzantine period forbade the use of ___.

1086 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.

1087 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople)

1088 The supreme monument of Byzantine architecture.

1089 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

1090 One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without

1091 cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.

1092 A tower raised above a roof pierced to admit light.

1093 the covered passage around an open space or garth, connecting the church to the
chapter
1094 house, refectory and other parts of the monastery.

1095 The prominent feature of the facades in Romanesque Central Italy.

1096 The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west

1097 The term applied to the Episcopal church of the diocese and also the important structure
of the Gothic period.
1098 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante.

1099 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna.

1100 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.

1101 Used as food storage in the Bahay na Bato.

1102 The granary in traditional Bontoc House.

1103 Architect of the World Trade Center.

1104 The Erechtheion of Mnesicles is from what architecture?

1105 The part of the Corinthian capital without flower.

1106 The Pantheon is from what architecture.

1107 The architect of the Pantheon.

1108 The senate house of the Greeks.

1109 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.

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1110 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction.

1111 In the Doric Order, the shaft terminates in the ___.

1112 In what Order is the Parthenon.

1113 In what Order is the temple of Nike Apteros, Athens.

1114 This temple is dedicated to 'Wingless Victory'.

1115 This structure in Greece was erected by Andronikos Cyrrhestes for measuring time by
means of a clepsydra internally and sun dial externally.
1116 In the Cyma Reversa molding of the Romans, what ornaments are usually found?

1117 From what architecture is the Stoa?

1118 The Egyptian Ornament symbolizing fertility.

1119 Egyptian Temple for popular worship of the ancient and mysterious gods.

1120 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.

1121 Corresponds to the Greek naos.

1122 The large element in the frieze.

1123 "A is a machine to live in".

1124 Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower.

1125 "Architecture is Organic".

1126 Invented reinforced concrete in France.

1127 First elected U.A.P. president.

1128 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument.

1129 Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument.

1130 Designer of the Taj Mahal.

1131 Male counterpart of the Caryatids.

1132 Like Caryatids and Atlantes, this is a three-quarter length figures.

1133 This is a pedestal with human, animal, or mythological creatures at the top.

1134 A small payer house in Egyptian architecture.

1135 Where "Constructivism" originated?

1136 Expressionist Architect.

1137 Founders of the "Art Noveau".

1138 Combination of the new art and the graphing of the old art.

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1139 Return in the use of Roman Orders in modern age.

1140 Scheme or solution of a problem in architecture.

1141 Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.

1142 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.

1143 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.

1144 The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.

1145 Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design
depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.
1146 This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell
which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.
1147 Architect of SM Megamall.

1148 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.

1149 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.

1150 The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during
occasions.
1151 Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are
kept.
1152 The emergency hideout found directly behind the neadboard of the Sultan's bed.

1153 The flat, open terrace open to the toilet, bath, and kitchen areas and also used as a
laundry and drying space and service area for the servants.
1154 In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-
shaped stove or kalan is known as ___.
1155 Form follows function

1156 Form does not necessarily follow function

1157 Art and Architecture, the new unity

1158 A house is a house

1159 Cube within a cube

1160 A bridge is like a house

1161 Less is more

1162 Ornament is a crime

1163 Less is more only when more is too much

1164 FUNCTION INFLUENCE BUT DOES NOT DICTATE FORM

1165 MODERN ARCHITECTURE NEED NOT BE WESTERN

1166 RCHITECTURE MUST MEET 3 REQUIREMENTS: STENGTH, BEAUTY, UNITY

1167 Formulated Cubism and Futurism

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1168 Less is Bore / Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture

1169 The reality of the building does not consist in the roof and walls, but in the space within
to be lived in
1170 LEVER HOUSE - was one of the earliest steel and glass office towers and the first such
tower in New York City.
1171 CHRYSLER BUILDING, NY

1172 GEODESIC DOME

1173 SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE

1174 SOLOMON GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM

1175 PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS, BRAZIL

1176 BAUHAUS BLDG, GERMANY

1177 EINSTEIN TOWER

1178 CHAPEL OF NOTRE DAME

1179 CULTURAL CENTER OF THE PHILIPPINES

1180 TAHANANG FILIPINO/ COCONUT PALACE

1181 ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES

1182 SAN MIGUEL CORP. BUILDING

1183 BANK OF CHINA, HK

1184 TWA KENNEDY AIRPORT, NY

1185 AT&T BLDG, NY

1186 Casa Batllo, Barcelona Spain

1187 Crystal Palace, England

1188 Glass House, New Caanan, Connecticut


Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris France - OLDEST CATHEDRAL IN FRANCE-EARLY
1189 GOTHIC

1190 Sagrada Familia, Spain

1191 John Hancock Center, Chicago Illinois

1192 Woolworth Building, NY

1193 Price Tower, Oklahoma

1194 St.Basil Cathedral, Russia

1195 Notre Dame du Haut or Ronchamp, France

60/471
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
Italian architect
1196 Member of Bauhaus
Popularized the Tubular steel cantilever chair
1197
German-American architect, the leading and most influential exponent of the glass and
steel architecture of the 20th-century International Style.
Skin and bone construction.

1198
American architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio, and educated at Harvard University in the
classics and later in architecture
The architect who equated with an exhibition of modern architecture (1932)
Invented the International Style
Father figure of Post Modernism.
INTERNATIONAL STYLE
Volume rather than mass.
Regularity rather than axial symmetry
Prescribing arbitrarily applied decorations.
WORKS:
Glass hose, Connecticut
Seagram Building, N.Y. (w/Mies Van Der Rohe)
Theatre of the Dance, Lincoln Center
Williams Proctor Museum, N.Y.
Art Gallery for the University of Nebraska
Ammon Corter Museum, Texas
AT&T Building N.Y.

1199
professional name of Charles douard Jeanneret (1887-1965), Swiss-French architect,
painter, and writer, who had a major effect on the development of modern architecture.
PHILOSOPHY:
The house is a machine to live in.
WORKS:
Palace of the League of Nations, Geneva (1927-1928)
The Swiss Building at the Cit Universitaire, Paris (1931-1932);
Unit d'Habitation (1946-1952)
an apartment house in Marseille, France;
Notre Dame du Haut (1950-1955)
a pilgrimage church in Ronchamp, France
High Court Buildings (1952-1956) Chandgarh, India

1200
Kahn, Louis I(sadore) (1901-1974),
American architect and teacher, whose original, powerful designs in brick and concrete
won him a prominent place in 20th-century architecture.
Highly ordered sequence of space & noble structural systems.

PHILOSOPHY:

Searching for a materials want to be.

WORKS:
Yale Art Gallery w/ Douglas Orr
Alfred Newton Richards Medical Center

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PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1201

French architect, one of the most important pioneers of the modern French style.
Advocator of reinforced concrete architecture.
THEORIES:
The truth is indispensable in architecture & every architecture lie courrupts.
Any project is bad if it is more difficult or more complicated to construct the necessary.
WORKS:
The Temple Tower 1889, Exposition Universale in Paris
The Apartment Building Rue FranklinFrench Legation, Istanbul
Theatre Des Champs, Lysees
- redesigning, original by Van del Velde
Notre Dame Church, Paris
Palace of the League of Nations, Geneva
Eiffel Monument, Paris
Palace of the Soviets, Moscow

1202
American architect, who was a pioneer of the modern style. He is considered one of the
greatest figures in 20th-century architecture.

1203

Finnish-American architect and designer, son of Eliel Saarinen and one of the leading
architects of the mid-20th century.
PHILOSOPHIES:
Function influences but does not dictate form.
Spiritual function is inseparable from practical function.
Architecture is not just to fulfill mans belief in the nobility of his exsistence on earth.
WORKS:
Saint Louis Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
The General Motors Technical Center, Warren Michigan:1948-1956
Air Force Acadaemy
U.S. Embassy in London
The Chapel & Kresge Auditorium, Massachussetts Institute of Technology
T.W.A. Terminal, Kennedy Terminal, N.Y.
- In a for m of bird about to fly.
T.J. Watson Research Center, York Town, N.Y.
The Chapel of Concordia Senior College.
Gateway Arch, St. Louis

1204
Finnish-American architect, who strongly influenced modern architecture.
Popular w/ railway station designs especially in Europe.
2nd place in the Chicago Tribune Tower

PHILOSOPHY:
Beauty grows from the necessity not from repetition of formulas.

WORKS:
Cranbook School, Michigan
Christ Church, Minneapolis
Helsinki Railroad Station, Finland
National Museum Finland

62/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1205
Italian architect and engineer, whose technical innovations, particularly in the use of
reinforced concrete, made possible aesthetically pleasing solutions to difficult structural
problems.
Discovered ferro-cemento
- consist of layers of fine steel mesh sprayed w/ cement mortar & it could be used
either for shell construction or for heavier units w/ reinforcing rods inserted between the
layers of mortar & mesh.
WORKS:
Municipal Stadium Florence
Fiat Factory, Turin
Italian Embassy, Brazilia
Papal Audience Hall, Vatican City
Australian Embassy, Paris

1206
American architect and teacher, one of the most influential architectural theorists of the
late 20th century.
PHILOSOPHIES:
We promote an architecture responsive to the complexities and contradictions of the
modern experience. The particularities of context, the varieties of the users taste;
Culture & the symbolic & decorative dictates of the program.
Less is Bore
More is More
Modern movement was almost right
WORKS:
Walker & Dunlop Office Building
Transportation Square, Washington
Master Plan & Uraban Design of California City
Convention Center, Conversion plan Canada
West Mount Airy Clustered Housing Plan
Philadelphia

1207
Japanese architect, the most prominent modern architect of the country. In his designs
for public buildings, has reconciled 20th-century Western styles and materials with
traditional Japanese forms.
Furyu
Anti realist attitude, anti action element in the Japanese life.
PHILOSOPHIES:
Modern Architecture need not be Western.
The city must be subjected to growth, decay and renewal.

1208 House of Michealerplatz, Vienna

1209 Sanatorio di Paimo, Finland

1210 Notre Dame du Raincy, France

1211 Sagrada de Familia

1212 US Capitol, Washington DC

1213 Glasgow School of Art

1214 Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

63/471
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ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1215 Flatiron Building, NY

1216 Jewish Museum, Berlin

1217 TWA Terminal

1218 Helsinki Railway Station

1219 Los Manantiales, Mexico

1220 Jay Pritzker Pavilion, USA

1221 Taliesin West, Arizona

1222 Munich Olympic Stadium

1223 Tokyo, Japan

1224 Eiffel Tower, Paris

1225 Bank of China, Hong Kong

1226 Sydney Opera House

1227 Chrystal Palace

1228 Fuji TV Headquarters

1229 Auditorium Building, Chicago

1230 Salk Institute, California

1231 Unite d Habitacion, France

1232 Catedral de Brasilia

1233 Seagram Building

1234 Portland Building, Oregon

1235 Habitat 67, Montreal

1236 London City Hall

1237 At & T Building, NY

1238 Lippo Building , Hong Kong

1239 Red House, England

1240 Max Reinhardt House, Germany

1241 Turin Exhibition Hall

1242 Tjibao Cultural Center, New Caledonia

1243 Jubilee Church, Rome

64/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1244 CCTV China

1245 Saginatobel Bridge

1246 El Auditorio de Tenerife

1247 Church of the Light, Osaka

1248 CHRYSLER BUILDING, NY

1249 UN Building

1250 Allianz Arena

1251 Lloyds Building, London

1252 Torre Agbar

1253 DULLES AIRPORT VIRGINIA, USA

1254 THE ESPLANADE Singapore

1255 DUBAI BURJ-AL-ARAB

1256 HSBC Hongkong


JIN MAO TOWER Shanghai - Number of floors: 88
1257 Height: 420.60 meters
design most refer to the number 8, an auspicious number for Chinese
1258 WORLD TRADE CENTER New York

1259 TAIPEI 101 TAIPEI,TAIWAN

1260 GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM Bilbao,Spain

1261 GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM New York

1262 John Hancock Center Chicago


PETRONAS TWIN TOWER KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA - Number of floors: 88
1263 Height: 452 meters

1264 THE LOUVRE

1265 CITIC PLAZA Guangzhou, China

1266 EMPIRE STATE BUILDING New York

1267 CENTRAL PLAZA Hong Kong

1268 SEARS TOWER Chicago

1269 Two International Finance Centre Hong Kong

1270 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Cleveland, Ohio

1271 SHUN HING SQUARE Shenzhen, China

1272 East Building, National Gallery of Art 1978 Washington, D.C.

65/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1273 EGLIS STE. GENEVIEVE (THE PANTHEON (1755-1792) PARIS FRANCE

1274 ST. PAULS CATHEDRAL, LONDON (1675-1710

1275 ROYAL CRESCENT, BATH ENGLAND (1767-1775)

1276 ROYAL
SEARS CHAPEL, THE PALACE
TOWER, CHICAGO OF VERSAILLES
(1947-1976) 110 STOREY(1707-1710)
NumberFRANCE
of floors: 110
Height: 443 meters
1277 still the tallest building if the antennas are included
has the highest occupied floors
1278 1st Suspension Bridge

1279 1st Multi-Structure & Concrete Building

1280 1st Mall in the Country

1281 1st Prefabricate Structure

1282 1st School in the American Period

1283 1st Skyscrapper in the Philippines

1284 1st Skyscrapper in Manila

1285 1st Hotel in Asia w/ an Elevator

1286 1st Registered Architect

1287 1st Filipino Architect of the American Period

1288 1st Building to use an Elevator

1289 Metropolitan Theatre

1290 U.S.T. Main Building

1291 F.E.U. Main Building

1292 Alejandro Legardo

1293 Antonio Toledo

1294 Carlos Barretto

1295 Juan Arellano

1296 Tomas Mapua

1297 Mapua Institute of Technology

1298 University of Santo Tomas

1299 Adamson University

1300 Adrian Wilson

1301 Andres Luna de San Pedro

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1302 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1303 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1304 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1305 Antonio Sindiong

1306 Antonio Sindiong

1307 Antonio Toledo

1308 Antonio Toledo

1309 Antonio Toledo

1310 Antonio Toledo

1311 Antonio Toledo

1312 Carlos Arguelles

1313 Carlos Arguelles

1314 Carlos Santos-Viola

1315 Carlos Santos-Viola

1316 Carlos Santos-Viola

1317 Cesar Concio

1318 Cesar Concio

1319 Cesar Concio

1320 Cesar Concio

1321 Cesar Concio

1322 Chika Go, Desu Go

1323 Cresencio C. Castro

1324 Cresencio C. Castro

1325 Felipe Mendoza

1326 Felipe Mendoza

1327 Felipe Mendoza

1328 Felipe Mendoza

1329 Fernando Ocampo

1330 Fernando Ocampo

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1331 Fernando Ocampo

1332 Francisco Manosa

1333 Francisco Manosa

1334 Francisco Manosa

1335 Francisco Manosa

1336 Francisco Manosa

1337 Gabino de Leon

1338 Gabriel Formoso

1339 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1340 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1341 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1342 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1343 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1344 Gabriel Formoso & Partners

1345 Guillermo Tolentino

1346 Jorge Ramos

1347 Jorge Ramos

1348 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1349 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1350 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1351 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1352 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1353 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1354 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1355 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1356 Juan Arellano

1357 Juan Arellano

1358 Juan Arellano

1359 Juan Arellano

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PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1360 Juan Arellano

1361 Juan Arellano

1362 Juan Arellano

1363 Juan Arellano

1364 Juan Arellano

1365 Juan Nakpil

1366 Juan Nakpil

1367 Juan Nakpil

1368 Juan Nakpil

1369 Juan Nakpil

1370 Juan Nakpil

1371 Juan Nakpil

1372 Juan Nakpil

1373 Juan Nakpil

1374 Juan Nakpil

1375 Juan Nakpil

1376 Juan Nakpil

1377 Juan Nakpil

1378 Juan Nakpil

1379 Juan Nakpil

1380 Leandro V. Locsin

1381 Leandro V. Locsin

1382 Leandro V. Locsin

1383 Leandro V. Locsin

1384 Leandro V. Locsin

1385 Leandro V. Locsin

1386 Leandro V. Locsin

1387 Leandro V. Locsin

1388 Leandro V. Locsin

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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1389 Leandro V. Locsin

1390 Leandro V. Locsin

1391 Leandro V. Locsin

1392 Leandro V. Locsin

1393 Luis Ma. Zaragosa Araneta

1394 Maosa Brothers

1395 Manuel Go

1396 Otilio Arellano

1397 Otilio Arellano

1398 Otilio Arellano

1399 Pablo Antonio

1400 Pablo Antonio

1401 Pablo Antonio

1402 Pablo Antonio

1403 Pablo Antonio

1404 Pablo Antonio

1405 Pablo Antonio

1406 Pablo Antonio

1407 Palafox & Associates

1408 Palafox & Associates

1409 Palafox & Associates

1410 Palafox & Associates

1411 Palafox & Associates

1412 Richard Kissling

1413 Rogelio Villarosa

1414 Tomas B. Mapua

1415 Tomas B. Mapua

1416 Tomas B. Mapua

1417 Tomas B. Mapua

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PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1418 Walter Gropius

1419 William Coscolluela

1420 William Coscolluela

1421 William Coscolluela

1422 William Coscolluela

1423 William Coscolluela

1424 William Coscolluela

1425 William Coscolluela

1426 William Coscolluela

1427 William Coscolluela

1428 William Coscolluela

1429 William Coscolluela

1430 William Parson

1431 William Parson

1432 William Parson

1433 William Parson

1434 William Parson

1435 William Parson

1436 Leandro Locsin

1437 Recio Casas/ KPF

1438 Gabriel Formoso

1439 Gabriel Formoso

1440 William Coscolluela/ SOM

1441 Antonio Sindiong

1442 Antonio Sindiong

1443 Adrian Wilson

1444 Juan Nakpil

1445 GF and Partners

1446 Franciso Maosa

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PREPARED BY:
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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1447 William Coscolluela

1448 GF and Partners

1449 Recio Casas

1450 Leandro Locsin

1451 GF and Partners / SOM

1452 William Coscolluela/ SOM

1453 Gabriel Formoso

1454 Anonio Sindiong

1455 Gabriel Formoso

1456 Vicente C. Rodriguez/ Medi A. Nasrabadi

1457 Gabriel Formoso

1458 Engracio Mariano

1459 Gabriel Formoso

1460 Rogelio Villarosa

1461 Rogelio Villarosa

1462 Angel Nakpil

1463 Recio Casas

1464 Otilio Arellano/ Felipe Mendoza

1465 Antonio Sindiong

1466 Gabriel P. Formoso

1467 RMJM

1468 Carlos Arguelles

1469 Antonio Sindiong

1470 Leandro Locsin

1471 Palafox/ SOM

1472 Gabriel Formoso

1473 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

1474 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1475 Maosa Brothers

72/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1476 William Coscolluela

1477 Leandro Locsin/ Dominic Galicia

1478 GF and Partners

1479 Fernando Ocampo

1480 Leandro V. Locsin

1481 Leandro V. Locsin

1482 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1483 Antonio Toledo

1484 Cresencio De Castro

1485 Gabriel Formoso

1486 Francisco Maosa

1487 Leandro V. Locsin

1488 Leandro V. Locsin

1489 Froilan Hong

1490 Leandro V. Locsin

1491 Jorge Ramos

1492 Leandro Locsin

1493 Leandro Locsin

1494 Carlos Arguelles/ Gabriel Formoso

1495 Gabriel Formoso (preservation)

1496 Carlos Santos-Viola

1497 Alfredo Luz

1498 Gabriel Formoso

1499 Rogelio Villarosa

1500 Carlos Arguelles

1501 Leandro V. Locsin

1502 William Parsons

1503 William Parsons/ Leandro V. Locsin

1504 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

73/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1505 Arcenas, Payumo & Andrews

1506 Cesar Concio

1507 Leandro Locsin

1508 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

1509 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1510 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1511 Angel Nakpil

1512 Juan Nakpil

1513 Juan Nakpil

1514 Carlos Arguelles

1515 Juan Nakpil

1516 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

1517 Galvan

1518 Fernando Ocampo

1519 Fernando Ocampo

1520 Fernando Ocampo

1521 William Parsons

1522 Juan Hervas

1523 Juan Nakpil

1524 Juan Nakpil

1525 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1526 Antonio Toleda

1527 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1528 Federico Ilustre

1529 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1530 Angel Nakpil

1531 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1532 Juan Nakpil

1533 Antonio Sindiong

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1534 Gabriel Formoso

1535 Juan Arellano

1536 Otilio Arellano

1537 William Parsons

1538 Antonio Toledo

1539 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

1540 Juan Arellano

1541 Federico Ilustre

1542 Juan Arellano/ Toledo/Duane

1543 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1544 Andres Luna de San Pedro

1545 William Parsons and Antonio Toledo

1546 Tomas B. Mapua

1547 Tomas B. Mapua

1548 William Parsons/ Leandro V. Locsin

1549 Otilio Arellano

1550 Cesar Canchela

1551 Antonio Toledo

1552 Luis Araneta

1553 Carlos Arguelles

1554 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1555 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1556 Felipe Mendoza

1557 Gabriel Formoso

1558 Arcadio Arellano/ Juan Arellano

1559 Alfredo Luz

1560 Fernando Ocampo

1561 Juan Hervas

1562 Otilio Arellano

75/471
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ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1563 Angel Nakpil

1564 Luciano Oliver/ Manuel Maosa (restoration)

1565 Victorio C. Edades

1566 Rogelio Villarosa

1567 Juan Hervas

1568 Antonio Sindiong/ Fernando Ocampo

1569 Dominador Lugtu

1570 Felipe Mendoza

1571 Felipe Mendoza

1572 Cesar Concio

1573 Antonio Toledo

1574 Juan Nakpil

1575 Cesar Concio

1576 Guillermo Tolentino

1577 Gabriel Formoso

1578 Jorge Ramos

1579 Cesar Concio

1580 Carlos Arguelles

1581 Carlos Santos-Viola

1582 William Coscolluela

1583 Juan Nakpil

1584 Federico Ilustre

1585 William Coscolluela/ R. Villarosa

1586 Engracio Mariano / SOM

1587 Philip Recto

1588 Art Alcantara

1589 William Coscolluela

1590 Leandro V. Locsin

1591 Pedro Pimentel/ Medi Nasrabadi

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1592 Vicente Rodriguez/ Medi Nasrabadi

1593 Felipe Mendoza

1594 Philip Recto

1595 Maosa Brothers

1596 RR Payumo

1597 Carlos Santos-Viola

1598 Rogelio Villarosa

1599 Francisco Maosa

1600 Antonio Sindiong

1601 Rogelio Villarosa

1602 Francisco Maosa

1603 GF and Partners/ KPF

1604 William Coscolluela

1605 Francisco Maosa

1606 Jose Ma. Zaragoza

1607 Nick Feliciano

1608 Francisco Maosa

1609 Felipe Mendoza

1610 Gabriel Formoso/ Nestor Mangio

1611 William V. Coscolluela

1612 Pablo S. Antonio Sr.

1613 Recio Casas

1614 William Coscolluela/ IM Pei

1615 GF and Partners

1616 Gabriel Formoso

1617 William Coscolluela

1618 G and W

1619 Francisco Maosa

1620 Francisco Maosa

77/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1621 Felipe Mendoza

1622 Francisco Maosa

1623 Leandro V. Locsin

1624 Maosa Brothers

1625 Francisco Maosa

1626 Juan Arellano

1627 Gabriel Formoso

1628 Temple of Luxor

1629 Abu Simbel

1630 Pyramid of King Zoser

1631 The Great Pyramid

1632 Partheon

1633 Erechtheum

1634 Epidaurus Theater

1635 The Pantheon

1636 Trajan's Forum

1637 Colosseum

1638 White House

1639 Capitol of the United States

1640 National Gallery Of Art

1641 Washington Monument

1642 University of Virginia

1643 Massachusetts State House

1644 Saint Patrick's Cathedral

1645 Connecticut State Capitol

1646 Monticallo

1647 New York City Hall

1648 Fallingwater

1649 Guggenheim Museum

78/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1650 Coonley House

1651 Ennis House

1652 Johnson Wax Building

1653 Larkin Building

1654 Wingspread

1655 Golden Gate Bridge

1656 The Louvre

1657 Tuileries

1658 Palais Royal

1659 Sacre-coeur

1660 Hotel de Ville

1661 Arc de Triomphe

1662 Pompidou Centre

1663 Notre Dame de Paris

1664 ParisOpera House

1665 Elysee Palace

1666 Hotel de Invalides

1667 La Madelaine

1668 Sorbonne

1669 Charles Cathedral

1670 Amien's Cathedral

1671 Rheims Cathedral

1672 Eiffel Tower

1673 Notre Dame du Haut

1674 Villa Savoye

1675 Burgtheater

1676 Berlin Opera House

1677 Wurzburg Residenz

1678 Einstein Tower

79/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1679 British Moseum

1680 Salisbury Cathedral

1681 Queen's House

1682 Somerset House

1683 St. Paul's Cathedral

1684 Chiswick House

1685 Westminster Palace

1686 Glasgow School of Art

1687 Durham cathedral

1688 Buckingham Palace

1689 Temple of Heaven

1690 Hagia Sofia

1691 Cathedral of Siena

1692 Pisa Cathedral

1693 Florence Cathedral

1694 Krak des Chevaliers

1695 Alhambra

1696 Casa Batllo

1697 Casa Mila

1698 Sagrada Familia

1699 Taj Mahal

1700 Paoay Church

1701 Vigan Church

1702 Santa Maria Church

1703 Tumauini Church

1704 Angat Church

1705 Barasoain Church

1706 San Sebastian Church

1707 San Augustine Church

80/471
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ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1708 Taal Church

1709 Daraga Church

1710 Miagao Church

1711 Santo Nino de Cebu Basilica

1712 PBCom Tower

1713 Petron Mega Plaza

1714 G.T. International Tower

1715 Robinson's Equitable Tower

1716 ICEC (LKG) Tower

1717 Pacific Plaza Tower 1& 2

1718 Roxas Triangle 1 & 2

1719 Petronas Tower

1720 Sears Tower

1721 Jin Mao Building

1722 Plaza Rakyat

1723 Empire State Building

1724 Central Plaza

1725 Bank of China

1726 Emirates Tower I

1727 The Center

1728 T & C Tower

1729 AON Center

1730 John Hancock Center

1731 Shun Hing Square

1732 Citic Plaza (Sky Center Plaza)

1733 Burj Al-Arab Hotel

1734 Baiyoke Tower 2

1735 Chrysler Building

1736 Bank of American Palza

81/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1737 Library Tower

1738 Malaysia Telecom HQ

1739 AT & T Corporate Center

1740 Chase Tower

1741 Ryugyong Hotel

1742
the first architect to be conferred the National Artist award in 1973 for his outstanding
talents and services in creating edifices, both private and public, that are conceptually
well designed and conscientiously executed 1. Geronimo Reyes Building
2. Capitol Theatre
3. Rizal theatre
4. Manila Jockey Club
5. Quezon Institue
6. UP administration building (Quezon Hall)
7. Library Building (Gonzales Hall)
8. SSS (use of folded concrete plates as aesthetic features)

1743
o 2nd National Artist of Architecture o Buildings:
1. Bel-Air Alhambra Apartments
2. Syquia Apartments
3. Sea Tower apartments
4. Far Eastern University Building
5. Ideal Theatre
6. Lyric Theatre
7. May building (brise soleil)

1744
o Most prolific artist-designer
o Buildings:
1. Legislative building, major work
2. Post Office building
3. Metropolitan Theatre
4. Rizal Memorial Stadium
5. Benitez Hall (UP)
6. Malcolm Hall (UP)

1745

1746 o Master of Neoclassicist style


o Among the first architect-educators
o Assistant to William Parsons
o Buildings:
1. Cebu Custom House
2. National Museum Building
3. City Hall of Manila

82/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1747
o Buildings:
1. Church of the Risen Lord (UP)
2. Melchor Hall (UP- Eng& Arch building))
3. Palma Hall (UP-CAS building))
4. Insular Life Building (1st brise soleil)
5. Childrens Hospital (NORTH General Hospital/Jose Reyes Hospital Pablo Cruz

1748

1749

1750

1751
Prepared development plan forManila & Baguio (summer capital)
Reliance Building, Chicago
Monadnock Building, Chicago
Paid a 6 week visit to Philippines
Prepared site for
1. Manila Hotel
2. Army & Navy Club
3. Philippine General Hospital
4. Post Office

1752
Implementation of D. Burnhams plans

1753
o Appointed by C.G. Taft as consulting architect for the Americans
o Insular Ice Plant & Storage, first large building erected by Americans
o Pioneered the setting up of an Architectural & Surveying office in the Philippines

1754
the son of the great Filipino painter Juan Luna o Popularized the El Nido style
o Buildings:
1. Legarda Elemntary School
2. Regina Building
3. Crystal Arcade
4. Natividad Building
5. Perez-Samanillo Building
6. Insular Life ???

1755 1976 Most beautiful Hotel in the world

1756 1987 Likha Awardee (UAP Highest)

1757 1990 - 3rd National Artist for Architecture

1758 he produced 71 residences, 81 buildings and sultanate palace

1759 the first registered architect in the Philippines and worked with the Bureau of Public
Works
1760 his most enduring contribution is the Mapua institute of Technology, which is the oldest
architectural school in the country

83/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1761 the first and only Art Noveau high-rise in the Philippines

1762 o Public administrator; advocated Building Code of Manila


o First Filipino architect with academic degree abroad (Pennsylvania)
1763 o Pioneering Staff of Division of Architecture

1764 Q. I. Hospital - superimposed a native touch on the art deco faade through the high-
pitch roof in the central building
1765 Quiapo Church

1766 The Ever Theater the first to use glass as prominent architectural material

1767 Mabini Shrine Batangas

1768 Rizal Home Restoration

1769 Bonifacio Monument

1770 SSS Bldg

1771 Sn Miguel Church

1772 UP admin Bldg & Conservatory of Music

1773 Phil. National bank

1774 Manila Railroad Company

1775 FEU

1776 Manila City Hall ( w/ Toledo)


Metropolitan Theatre - colorist art deco, considered as the zenith of Art Deco aesthetics
1777 in the Philippines, exterior and interior exhibit locally mediated approaches such as
detailing : tropical fruits and flora motifs, bamboo banister railings, carved banana and
1778 mango ceiling relief, and Batik mosaic patterns
Rizal Memorial

1779 Post Office Building at Liwasang Bonifacio

1780 Agriculture Bldg (w/ Antonio Toledo)

1781 Legislative Bldg (now the National Museum) on Agrifina Circle neoclassicism

1782 Supreme Court

1783 Quezon Memorial Circle

1784 OLD MIA

1785 GSIS

1786 Veterans Memorial Bldg

1787 Asian Institute of Tech. Bangkok

1788 Manila City Hall ( w/ Arellano)

1789 Legislative Bldg ( w/ Arellano)

84/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1790 Agriculture Bldg ( w/ Arellano)

1791 Finance Bldg

1792 Baclaran Church

1793 US Protestant Church

1794 Perpetual Help Church

1795 UP Eng'g & liberal Arts Bldg.

1796 Childrens Hospital

1797 ABS CBN QC

1798 DBP - Makati

1799 Manila Hilton

1800 UPLB Masterplan

1801 UP Social Science & Humanities Center

1802 Malacanang

1803 Manila Hotel

1804 PGH (Tomas Mapua)

1805 Phil. Normal college

1806 Manila Cathedral Rehabilitation

1807 UST Chapel

1808 Antipolo Church

1809

1810 Baguio

1811 1. Manila Hotel


Luneta Park
2. Army & Navy Club
1812 3.
Old
Philippine General Hospital
CongressNormal
Bldg. (Legislative Bldg)
4. Philippine School
5. Womens Dormitory of the Normal School
1813 6. University Hall of the University of the Philippipnes (Padre Faura)
7. YMCA building
1814 8. Elks Club
9. Manila Club
1815 10. Gabaldon schoolhouse, most visible, 5 prototypes
Manila POLO Club

1816 FEU Main Bldg

1817 Lyric Ideal Theather

1818 Jai Alai

85/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1819 Central bank of the Philippines

1820 Asian Inst. Of Managemnt - Makati

1821 San Agustin Church

1822 UST Main Bldg

1823 Araneta Coliseum

1824 Sto. Domingo Church

1825 Quiapo Church (1985 Restoration)

1826 Iglesia ni Kristo

1827 New Era

1828 Rustans QC

1829 Sulo Hotel reconstruction

1830 Vista De Loro

1831 San Beda Chapel

1832 1. Legarda Elementary School French renaissance

1833 2. Rafael Fernandez House French renaissance and official residence of Corazon
Aquino during her presidency
1834 3. Perez-Samanillo Building art deco and modern style

1835 4. Crystal Arcade art deco and modern style, precursor of the modern-day shopping
mall
1836 5. Perkins House also known as El Nido (The Nest), awarded first prize in Manilas
1925 House Beautiful Contest
1837 Malacanang residence

1838 UP Catholic Chapel

1839 St. Andres Church - Makati

1840 Mandarin hotel

1841 Istana Nurul Iman (Palace of Religious Light) the palace of the Sultan of Brunei, which
reinterprets traditional Islamic Southeast Asian motifs based on a modernist idiom
1842 National Arts Center

1843 NAIA

1844 Manila Hotel , New

1845 CCP, PICC, FAT, Philcite,etc

1846 Edsa Shrine


Coconut Palace a luxurious guesthouse at the CCP Complex. It showcased a double
1847 roof reminiscent of the salakot (a wide brimmed hat) and swing-out (naka-tukod) window
borrowed from the bahay kubo
86/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1848 Las Pinas Church Restoration

1849 San Miguel Office bldg. - Ortigas

1850 Antonio Pacific

1851 Pacific Plaza

1852 Ali Mall

1853 SM

1854 China Bank - Paseo de Roxas

1855 Tektite Tower

1856 National Bookstores

1857 Shangrila Edsa Plaza

1858 Shangrila Makati

1859 Kings Court 1 & 2

1860 Silahis Hotel

1861 Stella Maris College

1862 Manila Doctors Hospital

1863 Times Theater

1864 Makati Med. Center

1865 Quezon City Hall

1866 De La salle University

1867 Nurses Home

1868 UY-CHACO building

1869

1870
o Magsaysay Center
1871 o WHO building
o Ermita Center
1872 Robinson's Galeria

1873 Quiapo Mosque

1874 Phil. Heart center

1875 Meralco Building


o Feati University Building
1876 o Ambassador Hotel (1st skyscraper 4flrs)
o UST seminary building
87/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
PLDT TOWER, Ayala avenue, Makati City
6790, Ayala avenue, Makati City HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER
CITIBANK TOWER, Paseo de Roxas, Makati City
1877 AYALA LIFE FGU, Ayala avenue, Makati City
EQUITABLE BANK TOWERS,
1878 RENNAISANCE 2000
AYALA
PACIFICTOWER
PLAZA1,
RENNAISANCE Ayala Avenue,
TOWERS,
TOWERS Makati City
Fort Bonifacio (consultant: S.O.M.)
(arquitectonica)
ICEC TOWER, manila (Kohn Petersen Fox Associates)
1879 KINGSWOOD, Vito Cruz, Makati City
GT INTERNATIONAL
MANANSALA TOWER, TOWER, Ayala
Rockwell avenue,
center, Makati
Makati City City
1880 OAKWOOD PREMIER RESIDENCE
PBCOM TOWER, Ayala avenue, Makati City
PETRON, MEGAPLAZA
1881 JIN MAO TOWER
ROCKWELL (S.O.M.)
1882 FORBES TOWER, manila (RMJM London unlimited)

1883 ONE SAN MIGUEL, ortigas

1884 ESSENSA TOWERS (Pablo Antonio jr)

1885 Clasiao Church, Pangasinan

1886 Laoag Church, Ilocos Norte

1887 Las Pinas Church

1888 Loboc Church Bohol

1889 Manila Cathedral

1890 Miagao Church, iloilo

1891 Morong Church, Rizal

1892 Panay Church, Rizal

1893 Quiapo Church

1894 San Agustin Church

1895 World Trade Center

1896 Jose Ma. Zaragosa

1897 Carlos Arguelles

1898 Edmundo Lucero

1899 Francisco Fajardo

1900 Gavino de Leon

1901 Cezar de dios

1902 Antonio Turalba - Architecture

1903 Cesar Concio - Environmental Planner

1904

1905

88/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1906

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

89/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1935

1936

1937

1938

1939

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946

1947

1948

1949

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

1957

1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

90/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

91/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Rameses I

Marble

Columnar trabeated

Propylaea

Parthenon

Arch and vault

Composite

Domical roof construction

Marble

Pantheon

Pteroma

Gladiatorial Contests

Stoa

Acropolis

Antefix

Acroterion

Anthemion

Apotheca

Anthemion

Refectory

Baroque

Cortel

Tracery

Roman

176

92/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

a. i, ii, iii

Octagonal

13..

Square

Pediment

Pendentive

Narthex

Nave

Stylobate

Stereobate

Eustyle

Areostyle

Systyle

1.5 Diameters

3 Diameters

Circus

Colosseum

Wrestling

Stadium

Callicrates and Ictinus

Lamin

Zaguan

Bilik

Dapogan

Cha-sit-su

Masjid

93/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Stupa

Bale

Doric

Tumuli

Apse

Dipteral

Prytaneion

Erich Mendelsohn

Walter Gropius

Art Noveau

Van Alen

Embrasures

Amenemhat I

Senusret I

Pyramid of Zoser

Pyramid of Khufu

Canephora

Bartizan

Masu-gumi

Cavetto

Carlos Santos Viola

Caesar Homer Concio

William Cosculluela

Imhotep

Richard Josef Neutra

94/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Jugendstijl

Eero Saarinen

Kenzo Tange

Khufu

Console

Chartres Cathedral

Octagonal

Tokonama

Hagia Sophia

Baldachino

Tabernacle

Exedra

Niche

Mudejar

Mnesicles

Pinacotheca

Odeion

Epidauros

Opus Mixtum

Opus Incertum

Opus Recticulatum

Opus Quadratum

Opus Tesselatum

Louis Sullivan

95/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Buckminster Fuller

Marcel Lajos Breuer

Felix Outerino Candela

Agrippa

Minoru Yamasaki

Bernini

Anthemius and Isidorus

George Ramos

Thothmes I

Ptolemy III

Iigo Jones

Callimachus

Theron

Libon

Cossutius

Mnesicles

Phidias

Welton Becket

Le Corbusier

Eliel Saarinen

Frank Lloyd Wright

Hennevique

Jose Herrera

Juan Nakpil

Felipe Mendoza

Juan Nakpil

Guillermo Tolentino

96/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Shah Jahan

Erich Mendelsohn

John Ruskin and William Moris

Felipe Mendoza

Juan Nakpil

Juan Nakpil

Juan Nakpil

Antonio Sin Diong

Gabriel Formoso

George Ramos

Morong Church

Panay Cathedral in Capiz

Bema

Naos

Amphi-Prostyle

Cella

Greek Cross

Latin Cross

Ambo

Bema

Apse

Forum

East

South

West

97/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Cancelli

Little Metropole Cathedral, Athens

Nea Moni

Centralized

Liceo de Manila

Worms Cathedral

Bouleuterion

Prytaneion

Circus Maximus

Forum Romanum

Tepidarium

Calidarium

Sudatorium

Apodyteria

Unctuaria

Vespasian / Domitian

Treasury of Atreus

Xerxes

Domus

Thalamus

Insulae

Villa

Atrium House

Balneum

Menhir

98/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Royal pyramids

Megaron

Order

Crepidoma

Naos

Thermae

Velarium

Insula

Baldachino

Narthex

Gymnaceum

Voussoirs

Cenotaph

West door

Rayonnant

Plough

Camber

Rustication

Sir Joseph Paxton

Antonio Gaudi

James Hoban

Carlos Baretto

Masjid

Muenzzin

Islamic

Kibla

99/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Shah-Jehan

Cluniac

sober & dignified

sixtite

pilaster strips

campanile

ambrogio

Altars

Castle

Alexander

Helm Roof

Church bldgs.

Portugal

Alocabaca, Portugal

Fortress

fortification

machicolations

battlement

merlons

bailey

100/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Steve church

domestic

crocket

buttress

transept

tudor

mouldings

tracery

presbytery

West minister abbey

pantry

cimborio

finial

retablo

kibla

Florence Cathedral

crypt

Renaissance

Palladian

antiquarian

mannerists

101/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Rustication

Reliquary

Brunelleschi

Piano Noble

Donato Bramante

Mullion

transom

wreath

scroll

nymphaneum

rocaile

cherubin

newel

strapwork

intercolumnation

fretwork

pulpitum

polychromy

expressionism

eyebrow

skylight

reja

cella

Burma

102/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

viharas

shwe dagon pagoda

pitakat-taik

pailou

Alexandre Gustav Eiffel

Louis Henry Sullivan

Yamasaki and Roth

Charles Mackintosh

Tomas Mapua

Frank Gehry

Erich Mendelsohn

Kahn, Louis

Antonio Gaudi

Buckminster Fuller

Francisco Manosa

Gustave Eiffel

Francisco Manosa

Lucio Costa

Buckminster Fuller

Robert Adam

Peter Behrens

Francisco Manosa

984 ft.

103/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Buckminster Fuller

Le Corbusier

Mies van de Rohe

Richard Meier

Oscar Niemeyer

Nervi, Pier Luigi

Lucio Costa

Kenzo Tange

hierogyphics

Parthenon

Epidaurus Theater

Colosseum

Trajans forum

Agrippa

104/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Robert Mills

Reims Cathedral

Elysee Palace

Torogan House

Ivatans Rakuh

Manila Metropolitan Theatre

G.F.& Partners

Lao Tze

Plinth

Caryatid

105/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Finial

le Corbusier

Telamon

Crepidoma

Federico Ilustre

Archivolt

Eisodos

Obelisk

Aokum

Gargoyle

Monument

Bouleuterion

Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak

Andrea Palladio

Ten books of Architecture by Marcus


Vitruvius

Tomb of Agamemnon

Trajans Column

Queen Anne style

106/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Sir Christopher Wren

Temenos

Walter Gropius

Le Corbusier

Prytaneion

Kankanay

Decorated style

Cromlech

Mannerism

Bouleuterion

Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak

Firewall; Fireblock

Andrea Palladio

10 books of architecture by Vitruvius

Engr's & Archt. Law Act 2986

Tomb of Agamemnon

Trajans Column

Medieval Organic City

107/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Queen anne Style

Unite d Habitation

Sir Christopher Wren

Temenos

Walter Gropius

Le Corbusier

prytaneion

Kankanay

Cavaea

Decorated Style

Chromlech

Palladianism

Egyptian Architecture

Romanesque Architecture

Gothic Architecture

Rayonant

Flamboyant

Renaissance Architecture

Palladianism

108/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Mannerism

Baroque

Antiquarian

Rococco

Plateresque Architecture

Elizabethan Architecture

Jacobean Architecture

Gregorian Architecture

Picturesque Architecture

Sphinx

Mastaba

Obelisk

Pyramid

Batter

109/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Stonehenge

Ziggurat

Hieroglyphics

Dolmen

Voussoirs

Exedra

Cella

Stupa

Eclectic

Soffit

Fortress

Pendentive

Mayan Temple Pyramid

Picturesqueness

110/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Fresco

Stoa

Atlantes

Abacus

Entasis

Flutes

Caryatids

Daado

Arris

Fillets

Pediment

Plinth

Agora

Triumphal Arch

Thermae

111/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Colosseum

Aquaducts

Forum

Pinaccle

Sarcophagus

Mausolleum

Groins

Coffers

Butress

Vault

Narthex

baptisteries

Font

Dome

Bema

Arcade

Ambo

Mosaic

112/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Baldachino

Aisle

Nave

Apse

Kiosk

Mosque

Corbel

Minaret

Chamfer

Atrium

Squinch

Harem

Cenotaph

Ogee

Keystone

Iconostasis

Verandah

Piazza

113/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Arabesque

Spandrel

Turret

Mullions

Chateau

Fleche

Niche

Boss

Pilaster Strip

Chatris

Tracery

Podium

Transept

Rib & Panel

Cimborio

Larder

Spire

Steeple

Wardrobe

114/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Camber

Coisters

Pantry

Stellar Vault

Monastery

Oriel Window

Refectory

Scroll

Palazzo

Baluster

Rococo

baroque

Belfry

Entablature

Doge's Hall

Pavillion

Chancel

Quoins

115/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Console

Crypt

Newel

Doge's Palace

Cupola

Vestibule

Lantern

Wreath

Salon

Mansard

Nymphaeum

Finial

Pedestal

Dormer

116/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Hermes

Mullions

Patio

Modilions

Transom

Tabernacle

Ambulatory

Finial

Dais

Bay Window

Helm Roof

Gallery

Strapwork

Intercolumnation

Cherubs

Terracotta

Heraldic

117/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Plateresque Architecture

Pulpit

Belvedere

Churrigueresque

Candelabra

Fretwork

Wata Dage

Tudor Revival

Torus

Pagoda

Bungallow

Faience

Stambas / Laths

Great Wall

Art Noveau

118/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

bauhaus

Fenestration

Architectonic

Rarhs

Space Frame

Baloon Framing

Pai Lou

Bonsai

Antillan House

Belvedere

Tea House

Ken

Ifugao/ Bontoc House

Nipa House

maranao House

Ivatan House

Loggia

119/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Irrimoya Gable

Torii

Trompel o Eil

Country House

Art Deco

Gazebo

Stoa

Pinacle

Boss/ Groin

Quoins / Squinch

Serdab

Glypthoteca

Pinacotheca

Themenos

Lacunaria

Peroma

Dromos

Thalamus

120/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

The Great Temple of Arnak

God Horus

Egyptian Architects

Propylaea

Partenon

Theatre of Dionysus

Forum Romanum

Circus Maximus

Forum of Trajan

Prehistoric Period

Egyptian Architecture

Mesopotamian Architecture 121/471


PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Mesopotamian Architecture

Pre columbian Architecure

Greek Architecture

Roman Architecture

Early christian Architecture

Byzantine Architecture

Islamic Architecture

122/471
Romanesque Architecture
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Romanesque Architecture

Gothic Architecture

Renaissance Architecture

Britain Architecture

Continental Europe

American Architecture

123/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
American Architecture

Modern International

India / pakistan

Sri Lanka

Afghanistan, Nepal, Tibet

124/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Burma, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia

China

Japan

Philippines

125/471
Pre Historic Period - Structures
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Pre Historic Period - Structures

Egyptian Buildings

Ancient near East (mesopotamia)


Buildings

Pre Columbian Bldgs (Maya, Aztec, Peru,


Mexico)

126/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Greek Buildings

127/471
Roman Buildings
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Roman Buildings

Early Christian Structures

Byzantine Structures

Islamic Buildings

128/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Romanesque Buildings

Gothic Buildings

Rennaissance Buildings

Britain Buildings

Continental Europe Buildings

129/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

American Structures

130/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

131/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

French Architecture

132/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

133/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

English architecture

134/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Modern International
135/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Modern International

136/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Asian & Spain Architecture

137/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Real Fuerza de Santiago (Fort Santiago)

Intramuros

Late Spanish Period

American Period

Post War Architecture

Futurism

Functionalism

Utilitarianism

138/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Constructivism

Neo-expressionism

The Great Mosque of Djenn in Mali,

Elisha Graves Otis

Ecclectism

The Arts & Crafts Movement

Pyramid

Cheops

Rameses 1

Marble

Columnar trabeated

Propylaea

Parthenon

Arch and vault

Composite

Domical roof construction

St. Sophia, Constantinople

Sober and dignified

Marble

Pantheon

Pteroma

Gladiatorial Contests

Stoa

Acropolis

Antefix (Antefixae)

Acroterion / Acroterium

Anthemion

Apotheca

Anthemion

139/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Marble

Pisa

Refectory

Baroque

Cortel

Tracery

Cha-sit-su

Masjid

Stupa

Bale

Ziggurat

Doric

Pyramid

Tumuli

Apse

Dipteral

Prytaneion

Erich Mendelsohn

Walter Gropius

Art Noveau

Cambodian

Van Alen

Embrasures

Agra

Amenemhat I

Senusret I

Heb-sed

Pyramid of Zoser

Pyramid of Khufu

140/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Groin Vault

Visayan

Greek

Canephora

Bartizan

Basilica

Greek

Helm Roof

Masu-gumi

Cavetto

Carlos Santos Viola

Caesar Homer Concio

Pinnacle

William Cosculluela

Baroque for of Ornamentation

Richard Josef Neutra

Sarcophagus

Imhotep

Bouleuterion

U.S. / English Renaissance

Tussel House

Astylar

Jugendstijl

Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

Liceo de Manila

Crenel

Balance

Eclecticism

Eero Saarinen

141/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Kaufman House

Juan Nakpil

Kenzo Tange

Felipe Mendoza

Palace of Persepolis

Saracenic Architecture

Echinus

S-tiles

Agora

Entasis

Baroque

Pagoda

Roman

Crepidoma

Amphi-Prostyle

Cenotaphs

Cheops / Chefren/ Mykerinos

Aljibe

Impluvium

Naos

Crypt

Bema

Console

Villa

Atrium House

Romanesque

Romanesque

Alvar Aalto

Tomas Mapua

142/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Forum

Welton Becket

Chartres Cathedral

176

Greek

Ziggurat

Acanthus

Arch

Triforium

Clerestory

Module

Tympanum

Arcade

Architrave

Entablature

Cornice, Frieze, Architrave

Octagonal

13

Tokonama

Square

Hagia Sophia

Pediment

Pendentive

Narthex

Nave

Ambulatory

Cantharus

Exedra

Baldachino

143/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Tabernacle

Niche

Minaret

Lacunaria

Bayon

Mudejar

Crocket

Abacus

Capital

Plinth

Chancel

Frigidarium

Barasoain Church

Seraglio

Ziggurat

Mnesicles

Harem

Great Temple, Abu Simbel

Great Temple, Abu Simbel

Palm, Lotus, and Papyrus

Mortuary and Cult Temples

Mortuary Temple

Ziggurat

Pyramid

Cult Temple

Persian

Atlantes

Exedra

144/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Peripteral

Stylobate

Stereobate

Gymnasium

Pronaos, Naos, and Epinaos

Pinacotheca

Prostyle

Intercolumniation

Eustyle

Areostyle

Systyle

1.5 Diameters

3 Diameters

Odeion

Circus

Colosseum

Wrestling

stadium

In Antis

Amphi-Antis

Gymnasium

Doric

Epidauros

Tuscan and Composite

Use of Concrete

Pantheon

Forum Romanum

Xerxes

Artaxerxes

145/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Callicrates and Ictinus

Phidias

Lacus

Salientes

Circus Maximus

Vespasian / Domitian

Mnesicles

Clepsydra

Treasury of Atreus

Theron

Libon

Cossutius

18

4-horse Chariot

Cyma Reversa

Key Pattern

Sculptured Reliefs

House #33

Bird's Beak

Peribolus

Domus

Podium

Bepidales

Opus Mixtum

Opus Incertum

Opus Recticulatum

Opus Quadratum

Basilica

Choragic Monument
146/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Choragic Monument

Fret

Termini

Opus Tesselatum

Callimachus

Thalamus

Timber-enframed Portal

Etruscans

Insula

Nymphaeum

Renaissance

Louis Sullivan

Iigo Jones

Hypostyle Hall

Thothmes I

Ptolemy III

Buckminster Fuller

Rock-Hewn Tombs

George Ramos

Tepidarium

Calidarium

Frigidarium

Sudatorium

Apodyteria

Unctuaria

Forum

East

South

West

147/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Cancelli

Ambo

Bema

Apse

Statues

Centralized

Anthemius and Isidorus

St. Sophia, Constantinople

Little Metropole Cath., Athens

Nea Moni

Lantern

Cloisters

Ornamental Arcades

Worms Cathedral

Cathedral

Greek Cross

Latin Cross

Bernini

Dispensa

Falig

Minoru Yamasaki

Greek

Balteus

Roman

Agrippa

Prytaneion

Marcel Lajos Breuer

148/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Felix Outerino Candela

Hypotrachelion

Doric

Ionic

Temple of Nike Apteros, Athens

Tower of the Winds, Athens

Acanthus and Dolphin

Greek

Papyrus

Cult Temple

Balneum

Cella

Triglyph

Le Corbusier

Eliel Saarinen

Frank Lloyd Wright

Hennevique

Jose Herrera

Juan Nakpil

Guillermo Tolentino

Shah Jahan

Telamones or Atlantes

Herms

Terms

Madrassah

Moscow

Erich Mendelsohn

John Ruskin and William Moris

Eclecticism

149/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Neo-Classism

Parti

Felipe Mendoza

George Ramos

Juan Nakpil

Juan Nakpil

Morong Church

Panay Capiz

Antonio Sin Diong

Gabriel Formoso

George Ramos

Lamin

Zaguan

Bilik

Azotea

Dapogan

Louis Sullivan

Antonio Gaudi

Walter Gropius

Louis Khan

Le corbusier

Robert Mailart

Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

Adolf Loos

Frank Loyd Wright

EERo Saarinen

Kenzo tange

Marcus Vitruvius

Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

150/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Robert Venturi

Lao Tse

SOM

Willian Van Allen

Buckminster Fuller

Jorn Utzon

Frank Loyd Wright

Lucio Costa & Oscar Niemeyer

Walter Gropius

Erich Mendelson

Le corbusuier

Leandro Locsin

Francisco Bobby Manosa

CC. de cstro

Manuel manosa

IM pei

Eero Saarinen

Philip Jhonson

Antonio Gaudi

Joseph Paxton

Philip Jhonson

Maurice de Sully

Antonio Gaudi

Bruce Graham & SOM

Cass Gilbert

Frank Loyd Wright

Barma & Posnik

Le corbusuier

151/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Marcel Brever

Mies van de Rohe

Philip Jhonson

Le corbusuier

Louis Khan

152/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Perret Auguste

Frank Loyd Wright

Eero Saarinen

Eliel Saarinen

153/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Pier Luigi Nervi

Robert Charles Venturi

Kenzo Tange

Adolf Loos

Alvar Aalto

Auguste Perret

Antonio Gaudi

Benjamin Latrobe

Charles Rennie Macintiosh

Cesar Pelli

154/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Daniel Burnham

Daniel Libeskind

Eero Saarinen

Eliel Saarinen

Felix Candela

Frank Gehry

Frank Loyd Wright

Frei Otto

Fumihiko Maki

Gustave Eiffel
Ieoh Ming Pei

Jorn Utzon

Joseph Paxton

Kenzo tange

Louis Sullivan

Louis Khan

Le corbusuier

Oscar Niemeyer

Mies van de Rohe

Michael graves

Moshe Safdie

Norman Foster

Philip Jhonson

Paul Rudolph

Philip Webb

Peter Eissenman

Pier Luigi Nervi

Renzo Piano

Richard Meier

155/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Reem Koolhaas

Robert Mailaart

Santiago Calatrava

Tadao Ando

Willian Van Allen

Wallace Harrison
Jacques Herzog and
Pierre de Meuron

Richard Rogers

Jean Nouvel

Eero Saarinen

DP Archts & Micheal Wilford

W.S. Atkins & partners

Lord Norman Robert Foster

SOM

Minoru Yamasaki

C.Y. lee & partners

Frank Gehry

Frank Loyd Wright

SOM

Cesar Pelli

IM pei

Dennis Lau & NG Chun Man

SHREVE, HARMON & LAMB

Dennis Lau & NG Chun Man

Bruce Graham

CESAR ANTONIO PELLI

IM pei

Shreve , Lamb & Harmon

IM pei

156/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Jacques Germain Souflot

Sir Christopher Wren

John Wood

Robert de Cotte

Bruce Graham / SOM

Puente Colgante

Masonic Temple, Escolta

Crystal Arcade, Escolta

San Sebastian Church

Philippine Normal School

Ambassador Hotel (4-Storey)

PSB Building (Picache Building)

Manila Hotel

Tomas Mapua

Carlos Barretto

Burke Building, Escolta (1910's)

Juan Arelleno

Roque Ruano

Pablo Antonio

Daniel Doane

Daniel Burnham

S. Rowland

Harold Keys

William Birt

1925

1930

1941

Rufino Tower

Chaco Building (Philtrust)

157/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Crystal Arcade (demolish)

Department of Health

Evangelista House

SM Megamall

VIP Building

Department of Finance

Department of Tourism

Leyte Capitol

Lyric Theatre (demolish)

Manila City Hall

Manila Hilton

Trader's Hotel (Holiday Inn)

Iglesia ni Cristo

Nuestra Seora de Guia

Our Lady of Lourdes Church


Baclaran Church (Mother of Perpetual
Help)
Insular Life Building

Union Church

UP Melchor Hall

UP Palama Hall

World Trade Exchange

Department of Foreign Affairs (ADB)

SM Makati

Ateneo de Manila University

Ateneo de Manila University

FEU Hospital

Mormon Temple

Ambassador Hotel

Manila Cathedral

158/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Philippine Women's University

Coconut Palace (Tahanang Pilipino)

Corregidor Island Landscaping

EDSA Shrine

Metrorail Stations (LRT)

Moonwalk Church

UE Chapel (Recto)

Metropolitan Museum

Glorietta

Greenbelt-3

Heritage Hotel

Manila Peninsula

Oakwood Towers

Prudential Bank Building

Bonifacio Monument

Manila Golden Mosque

Philippine Heart Center

Batasan Pambansa

Don Bosco Chapel

Meralco Building

Philippine Airlines Building

Sta. Catalina College

Sto. Domingo Church

Union Church (demolish)

Virra Mall

Court of Appeals

Metropolitan Theatre

National Museum / Legilative Building

Post Office Building

159/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Sariaya Municipal Hall

SMS Building

Supreme Court

Tayabas Capitol

UP Villamor Hall

Capitan Pepe Building

Elena Apartments

Ever Theatre

Manila Jockey Club

Philippine Trust Building

Quezon City Hall

Quezon Institute

Quiapo Church

Rizal Theatre (demolish)

Rufino Building

San Carlos Seminary

San Lazaro ..

State Theatre

UP Administration Bldg

UP Library

Ayala Triangle Tower-1

CCP Theatre

Citibank Building

Cultural Center of the Philippines

Folk Art's Theatre

Hyatt Regency Hotel

Makati Stock Exhchange

Malacaang Palace

Mandarin Oriental Manila

160/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Manila International Airport

Philippine Stock Exchange

UP Chapel

Valle Verde Country Club

Makati Medical Center

San Miguel Corporation Center

La Fayette 1 & 2

Mehan Garden

National Bureau of Investigation

San Juan Municipal Hall

Bel-Air Apartment

Conception Theatre (demolish)

FEU Main Building

Forum Theatre

Galaxy Theatre

Ideal Theatre (demolish)

Manila Bulletin Building

Manila Polo Club

Forbes Tower

Rockwell Center

SM Centerpoint

SM Fairview

SM Southmall

Rizal Monument

College of St. Benilde

CEU Main Building

De La Salle University

Mapua Residence

PGH Nurse's Home

161/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

U.S.T. Engineering Building (Sun


Breaker)
JAKA Tower

Robinson Tower /Building

Robinson's Galleria

Robinson's PCI Tower

Robinson's Place

SM Cebu

SM City EDSA

Tutuban Mall

Twin Towers

The World Center

World Trade Center

Army Navy Club

Manila Hotel

Normal School

PGH (Philippine General Hospital)

UP Manila

YMCA Arroceros

(PLDT) Ramon Cojuangco Building

LKG Tower

Manila Peninsula

Prudential Bank Ayala

RCBC Plaza (Yuchengco)

Ritz Towers

Pacific Plaza

Rufino Tower

Rufino Building

Shangrila Hotel Ayala

Ateneo Professional Schools Building

162/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Atrium

Greenbelt

Greenbelt 2

Greenbelt Chapel

Oakwood Hotel (now Ascott)

Philamlife Tower

BA Lepanto

China Bank Building

Asian Institute of Management

Citibank Tower

Doa Narcisa De Leon Building

New World Hotel (Renaissance)

Hotel Nikko Manila Garden (Dusit Hotel)

King's Court II

Makati Sports Club

PLDT Dela Rosa

Shangrila Grand Tower

RCBC Buendia

Metrobank Buendia

Pacific Star

The Columns Buendia

Development Bank of the Philippines

Le Metropole

St. Andrews Church

Amorsolo Square (Amorsolo East West)

Coco Bank Makati

Don Bosco Chapel

Manila Polo Club

Colegio de San Agustin

163/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Galleria De Magallanes

Magallanes Church

1322 Roxas

Admiral Apartments

Cultural Center of the Philippines

CCP Theater
Boulevard-Alhambra Building now Bel-
Air Apartments
Department of Finance

Department of Foreign Affairs ADB

Metropolitan Museum

Coconut Palace

PICC

Philippine Plaza (Sofitel)


Manila Film Center/ Film Center of the
Philippines
Folk Arts Theater / Tanghalang
Francisco Balagtas
GSIS Building CCP

National Arts Center

PHILCITE

Manila Hilton

Fort San Antonio De Abad

Nuestra Seora de Guia

Magsaysay Center

Central Bank of the Philippines

Grand Boulevard Hotel (Silahis Int'l)

Holiday Inn (Trader's Hotel)

Hyatt Regency Hotel

Museo Pambata (Elks Club Building)

Manila Hotel

Monterey Apartment

164/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Manila Midtown Hotel


Baclaran Church (Mother of Perpetual
Help Church)
Manila International Airport (NAIA 1)

Philippine Airlines Bldg

Galaxy Theater

Ideal Theater

Picache Building

Philippine Trust Building (Plaza Goiti)

Quiapo Church

PNB Escolta

Avenue Theater

Casino Espaol

Instituto Cervantes

Ambassador Hotel

Arguelles Building

Paterno Building Sta. Cruz

Army Navy Club

Assumption Convent

Capitol Theater

Ever Theater

Galaxy Theater

Lyric Theater

Ideal Theater

GSIS Building

Perez- Samanillo Building

Petrona Apartments

Captain Luis Gonzaga Building

Captain Pepe Building

Cebe Plaza Building

165/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Metropolitan Museum

Metropolitan Theater

Mehan Garden

Museo ng Maynila

Manila City Hall

National Library

Post Office Building

Planetarium
National Museum (Old Legislative
Building)
Crystal Arcade

Regina Building
Philippine Normal School/ Philippine
Normal University
De La Salle University

Nurses Home (PGH)

PGH

National Burieau of Investigation

Manila Astral Tower


Department of Tourism (agriculture and
commerce)
Manila Doctors Hospital

Philam Life UN Ave.

Ramon Roces Publications Building

FEU Building

FEU Hospital

PLDT Espaa

Gota De Leche

Far East Bank Intramuros

Manila Cathedral

Manila Highschool

Palacio del Gobernador

166/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

National Press Club

San Agustin Church

Phoenix Building

Philippine Columbian Clubhouse

Manila Railroad Station Tutuban

Ali Mall

Araneta Coliseum

Ateneo De Manila University

Batasan Pambansa
Melchor Hall (College of Engineering
and Architecture)
Benitez Hall ( College of Education)

Quezon Hall (UP Admin)

Palma Hall (UP Arts and Science)

Bonifacio Monument

Central Bank of the Philippines

Philippine Heart Center


Children's Memorial Hospital / Lungsod
ng Kabataan Hospital
Philam Homes QC

Iglesia ni Kristo Commonwealth

Quezon City Sports Club

Quezon Institute

Quezon Memorial

Alexandra Condominium

Asian Development Bank

One Corporate Center

Tiendesita's

Robinson's Galleria

Benguet Center

Renaissance 1000

167/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Renaissance 2000
Development Academy of the
Philippnes
One San Miguel

San Miguel Building

Discovery Suites

Our Lady of Lourdes Church

Tektite Towers

JMT Tower

SM Megamall

EDSA Plaza Hotel

EDSA Shrine

GT Tower

Wack-Wack Twin Towers

Medical City Hospital

Meralco Building

Loyola Memorial Chapel

Metro Rail Transit Stations (MRT)

Mormon Temple

Club Filipino

One Beverly Place


White Cross Orphanage also White
Cross Preventarium
Bellagio 1 and 2

Essensa Tower

Serendra

Alabang Golf and Country Club

Alabang 400

Insular Life Alabang

Las Pias Church Restoration

Mary Immculate Parish Church

168/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Assumption College Antipolo

Corregidor Island
Istana Nurul Iman (Palace of Religious
Light)
Maya-Maya Resort

Pearl Farm

Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol

Valley Golf Club

Imhotep

Itchinus, Callicarates , with Phidias

Mnesicles

Polykleitos

Acrippa

Apollodorus of Damascus

Vespacian and Domitian

James Hoban

Thorton, Latrobe, Bulfinch

John Russel Pope

Robert Mills

Thomas Jefferson

Charles Bulfinch

James Renwick

Richard Upjohn

Thomas Jefferson

Pierre L'enfant

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

169/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright

Joseph Strauss

Peirre Lescot

Paul Abadie, Lucien Magne

Domencio de Cortona

Richrad Rogers, Renzo Piano

Maurice de Sully

Charles Garnier

Claude Mollet

Napoleon I

Gustave Eiffel

Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier
Gottfried Semper with Karl Von
Hasenaver

Georg Wenzeslaus Von Knobelsdorf

Balthazar Neumann

Erich Mendelsohn

170/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Sir Robert Smirke

Inigo Jones

William Chambers

Sir Christopher Wren

Lord Burlington

Sir Charles Barry

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Sir George Goring

Isidoros and Anthemios

Arnolfo di Cambio

Antonio Gaudi

Antonio Gaudi

Antonio Gaudi

Emperor Shah Jahan

Antonio Estavillo

Benigno Fernandez

Genaro Palacios

Juan Macias

171/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Fray Marcos Anton

Fray Juan de Albarran

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

Kohn Pedersen Fox Recio Casas

HOK

Kohn Pedersen Fox Recio Casas

Arquitectonica

Skidmore, Owings, Merill

Cesar Pelli & Associates

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

Shreve Lamb & Harmon


Dennis Lau and Ng Chu Man and
Associates

I.M. Pei & Partners

NORR Group Consultants

Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabuam/Cy Lee

Edward D. Stone &

Skidmore, Owings and Merill

K.Y. Cheung Design

Dennis Lau and Ng Chu Man

Tom Wright of WS Atkins

Plan Architect Co.

William Van Allen

Johnson/Burgee Architects

172/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Pei Cobb Freed and Partners

Hijjas Kasturi Associates

Peter Ellis, SOM

Pei Cobb Freed and Partners

Baikdoosan Architects &Engineers

Juan Nakpil

Pablo Antonio

Juan Arellano

Federico Ilustre

Antonio Toledo

173/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Cesar Concio

Carlos Arguelles

William Parson

Fernando Ocampo

Daniel Burnham

William Parson

Arcadio Arellano

Andres Luna de san Pedro

Leandro Locsin

Tomas Mapua

174/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Tomas Arguelles

Carlos Baretto

Juan Nakpil

Pablo Antonio

Juan Arellano

Federico Ilustre

Antonio Toledo
175/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Antonio Toledo

Cesar Concio

Carlos Arguelles

William Parson

Fernando Ocampo

Daniel Burnham

William Parson

Arcadio Arellano

Pablo Antonio

176/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Gabriel Formoso (GF)

Antonio Herrera

Fr. Roque Roano

Rufino Antonio

Jose Ma. Zaragosa

Carlos Santos Viola

Renato Punzalan ( 1995 UAP design


Awardee for Architecture)

Andres Luna de san Pedro

Leandro Locsin

Francisco Manosa
177/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

Francisco Manosa

Antonio Sidiong

Rogelio Villarosa

Luis Araneta

Ruperto Gaite

Tomas Mapua

Tomas Arguelles

Carlos Baretto

Alfredo Luz

William Coscolluela

Jorge Ramos

Jose Zaragosa

Fernando Ocampo

178/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

(PRS) PIMENTEL, RODRIGUEZ,


SIMBULAN & PATNERS
LOCSIN & PARTNERS

RECIO + CASAS

GABRIEL FORMOSO & PARTNERS

SOM

Palafox

Recto

PEI COBB FREED & PARTNERS

ROMAN Dalinao

Joseph Ruiz

Fr. Diego cera

Salazar

Comporedando & Gonzales

dela Madre

restored by Nakpil & zaragosa

Macias

Minoro Yamasaki

Hezagon Architects

PRC Awardee 1996

179/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

180/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

181/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES

182/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

1 It is a structural system without complete vertical local carrying


Bearing wall system
space frame. (NSCP 208.20)
2 Is a component including its attachments having fundamental
Rigid component
period less than or equal to 0.06 sec. (NSCP 208.20)
3 Is a component including its attachments having fundamental
Flexible component
period greater than 0.60 sec. (NSCP 208.20)
4 Concrete filled driven piles of uniform section shall have a nominal
200 mm
outside diameter of not less than (NSCP 307.7.3)
5
A complete record of test of materials and of concrete shall be
available for inspection during the progress of work and _______
2 years
years after completion of the project and shall be preserved by the
inspecting engineer or architect for that purpose, (NSCP 403.20)

6 The minimum bend diameter for 10mm through 25mm bars


6 db
(NSCP 407.30)
7 The minimum bend diameter for 28mm through 36mm bars
8 db
(NSCP 407.30)
8 The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in a layer must
25mm
be db but not less than? (NSCP 407.7.3)
9 In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced compression members,
clear distance between longitudinal bars shall not be less than? 1.50 db
(NSCP 407.7.3)
10
In walls and slabs other than concrete joist construction, primary
flexural reinforcement shall not be spaced farther apart than 3 times 450 mm
wall or slab thickness nor farther than? (NSCP 407.7.5)

11 Groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as


one unit shall be united to ___ pieces in one bundle. (NSCP 4
407.7.6.1)
12 Bars larger than ___mm shall not be bundled in beams:
36 mm
(NSCP 407.7.6.3)
13 Individual bars within a bundle terminated within the span of
flexural members shall terminate at different points with at least 40 db
____ stagger: (NSCP 407.7.6.4)
14 Minimum concrete cover cast against and permanently exposed
75 mm
to earth: (NSCP 407.8.1)
15 The minimum clear concrete covering for cast in place slab:
20 mm
(NSCP 407.8.1)
16 In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor for
0.90'
flexure without axial loads: (NSCP 409.2.1)
17 In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor for
0.85'
shear and torsion: (NSCP 409.4.2.3)
18 The minimum one way slab thickness which is simply supported
L / 20
at the ends only is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
19 The minimum one way slab thickness for a ONE end continuous
L / 24
slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
20 The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH ends continuous
L / 28
slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
21 The minimum cantilevered slab thickness is : (NSCP 409.6.2) L / 10

22 Deep continuous flexural members has overall depth to clear


0.40'
span ratio greater than: (NSCP 410.8.10)
23 Deep simple span flexural members has overall depth to clear
0.75'
span ratio greater than: (NSCP 307.4.2)
24 Spacing of shear reinforcement placed perpendicular to axis of
d/2
non-prestressed member shall not exceed: (NSCP 411.6.4.1)

183/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

25 Development length Ld for deformed bars in tension shall be less


300 mm
than: (NSCP 412.3.1)
26 Is an essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or
Braced Frame
eccentric type that is provided to resist lateral forces: (NCSP 208.1)
27 Is a horizontal or nearly horizontal system activity to transmit
Diaphragm
lateral forces to the vertical resisting elements:
28 Is a frame in which members and joints are capable of resisting forces primarily by
Moment resisting frame
flexure:
In the determination of seismic dead load with a minimum of
29 ________% of floor live load shall be applicable for storage and 25%
warehouse occupancies. (NSCP 208.5.1.1)
30 The slope of cut surfaces shall be no steeper than _______%
50%
slope. (NSCP 302.2.2)
31 Before commencing the excavation work, the person making the
excavation shall notify in writing the owner of the adjoining building
10 days
not less than _____days before such excavation is to be made. (NSCP
302.2.4)
32 Fill slopes shall not be constructed on natural slopes steeper than
50%
____% slope (NSCP 302.3.1)
33 The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site
0.60m
boundary line: (NSCP 302.4.3)
34 The max. distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site
6.00 m
boundary: (NSCP 302.4.3)
35 In using sand backfill in the annular space around column not
embedded in poured footings, the sand shall be thoroughly
200 mm
compacted by tamping in layers not more than _____mm in depth?
(NSCP 305.7.3)
36 In using a concrete backfill in the annular space around column
not embedded in poured footings, the concrete shall have ultimate 15 mpa
strength of ____Mpa at 28 days. (NSCP 305.7.3)
37 When grillage footings of structural steel shapes are used on
soils, they shall be completely embedded in concrete. Concrete cover 150 mm
shall be at least _____mm on the bottom. (NSCP 305.8)
38 Temporary open air portable bleachers may be supported upon
wood sills or steel plates placed directly upon the ground surface, 50 kpa
provided soil pressure does not exceed ____Kpa. (NSCP 305.9)
39 The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates
or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 2 seismic area in the 12 mm
Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)
40 The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates
or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 4 seismic area in the 16 mm
Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)
41 Individual pile caps and caissons of every structure subjected to
seismic forces shall be interconnected by ties. Such ties shall be
capable of resisting in tension or compression a minimum horizontal 10%
force equal to _____% of the largest column vertical load. (NSCP
306.20)
42 Such piles into firm ground may be considered fixed and laterally
1.50m
supported at _____M below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)
43 Such piles into soft ground may be considered fixed and laterally
3,0 m
supported at _____M below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)
44 The maximum length of cast in place piles/bored piles shall be
30 times
_____times the average diameter of the pile. (NSCP 307.2.1)
45 Cast in place/bored piles shall have a specific compressive
17.50 mpa
strength Fc of not less than ______Mpa. (NSCP 307.2.1)

184/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

46 Pre-cast concrete piles shall have a specific compressive strength


20 mpa
Fc of not less than _____Mpa. (NSCP 304.7.1)
47 The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a driven pre-cast
75 mm
concrete pile center to center. (NSCP 307.5.1)
48 Pre-cast pre-stressed concrete piles shall have a specified
35 mpa
compressive strength Fc of not less than ____Mpa.
49 The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must be?
250 mm
(NSCP 307.6.3)
50 Aviation control towers fall to what type of occupancy? Essential facilities
51 Private garages, carports, sheds, agricultural buildings fall to Miscellaneous
what type of occupancy? occupancy
52 Buildings used for college or adult education with a capacity of 500 or more students
Special occupancy
fall to what type of occupancy?
53 Buildings or structures therein housing and supporting toxic or
Hazardous facility
explosive chemicals or substances fall to what type of category?
54 The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with
L / 360
live load only. (NSCP 107.2.2)
55 The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with
L / 240
dead load and live load only.
56 Retaining walls shall be designed to resist sliding by at least
2 times
_______times the lateral force. (NSCP 206.6)
57 Retaining walls shall be designed to resist overturning by at least
1. 5 times
______times the overturning moment. (NSCP 206.6)
58 As per NSCP 2001 sect. 206.9.3 vertical impact force for crane
load, if powered monorail cranes are considered, the max. wheel
25%
load of the crane shall be increased by what percent to determine
the induced vertical impact? (NSCP 206.9.3)
59 The lateral force on a crane runway beam with electrically
powered trolleys shall be calculated as ______% of the sum of the
20%
rated capacity of the crane and the weight of the hoist and trolley.
(NSCP 206.9.4)
60 The longitudinal forces on crane runway beams, except for bridge
cranes with hand geared bridges shall be calculated as _____% of the 10%
max. wheel load of the crane. (NSCP 206.9.5)
61 This is a secondary effect in shears and especially moments of
frame members induced by vertical loads acting on laterally P-delta effect
displaced building frame.
62 A storey whose strength is less than 80% of the strength of the
Weak Storey
storey above is considered as __________.
63 Hospitals, Communication Centers, and others, which are
necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations, are classified Essential Facilities
as ___________.
64 A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral
forces to the vertical resisting system including the horizontal bracing Diaphragm
system.
65 This is essentially a vertical truss system provided to resist lateral
Braced Frame
forces of a building.
66 Constructing a high- rise building requires concrete that can easily
be pumped. What type of admixture in concrete the contractor will
provide which can reduce the requirement of mixing water and Plasticizer
produce a flowing concrete that does not segregate and needs very
little vibration
67 The records of test material and of concrete must be preserved
2 years
after the completion of the project for at least _________.

185/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

68 What is the weight of 1 cu. m. of steel? 7850 Kg

69 A type of gunite mixed with an accelerating admixture with


aggregate larger than 10mm originally sprayed under high air Shotcrete
pressure of lining tunnels.
70 If a structure is judged under the condition either to be no
longer useful for its intended function or to unsafe, it has reached its Limit state
__________.
71 A phenomenon of failure or damage that may result in sudden
and brittle fracture of a ductile material due to reversals of stresses Metal Fatigue
applied to a body repeatedly or a great number of times.
72 The load at which a perfectly straight member under compression
Buckling load
assumes a deflected position.
73 It is a point within the structure at which a member
(beam/column) can rotate slightly to eliminate all bending moment Hinge
in the member at that point.
74 It is a beam type supported by a hinge/roller at one end and the
Semi-continuous beam
other end is projecting beyond a fixed support.
75 15. Floors in office buildings and in other buildings where partition
locations are subject to change shall be designed to support in 1000 pa
addition to all other loads, a uniformly distributed load equal to
76 The upward pressure against the bottom of the basement floor of
Uplift pressure
a structure or road slab caused by the presence of water.
77 The particular type of pin-connected tension member of uniform
thickness with forged loop or head of greater width than the body,
Eyebar
with is proportioned to provide approximately equal strength both in
the head and the body.
78 A revetment consisting of rough stones of various sizes placed
compactly to protect the banks or bed of a river from the eroding Riprap
effects of the flowing water.
79 A three-dimensional spatial structure made up of one or more curved slabs or folded
plateshose thicknesses are small compared to Thin shell
their other dimensions.
80 It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or
Overturning moment
other horizontal forces on a building.
81 It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or
Sway brace
other horizontal forces on a building.
82 This is designed as special foundation for intense column loads
on a platform consisting usually of two layers of rolled steel joists, Grillage foundation
one on top of other, at right angles.
83 Referring to any artificial method of strengthening the soil to
reduce its shrinkage and ensure that it will not move. Common Soil Stabilization
methods are mixing the soil with cement or compaction
84 A pit dug in the basement floor during excavation made to
collect water into which a pump is placed the liquid to the sewer Sump pit
pipe.
85 It is a long, straight beam which by the inspection if two hinges
Gerber beam
in alternate spans, functions essentially as a cantilever beam.
86 An instrument which measures the actual displacement of the
Seismometer
ground with respect to a stationary point during an earthquake.
87 The behavior of sandy soil to weaken its capacity to carry
imposed loads when subjected to vibration such as earthquake Liquefaction
particularly when water table saturates this layer.
88 It is a beam especially provided over an opening for a door or
Lintel beam
window to carry the wall over opening.

186/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

89 For any given granular material, the steepest angle with


horizontal, a heaped soil surface will make in normal condition that Angle of repose
will not slide.
90 An open building is a structure having all walls at least _____%
80%
open. (NSCP 207)
91 Low rise buildings is an enclosed or partially enclosed with mean
18 m
roof height less than or equal to? (NSCP 207.20)
92 The wind load importance factor lw for essential facilities is
1.15
equal to? (NSCP 207.50)
93 The wind load importance factor for hazardous facilities is equal
1,15
to?
94 The wind load importance factor for standard occupancy
1
structures is equal to?
95 The wind load importance factor for miscellaneous structures is
0.87
equal to?
96 Large city centers with at least 50% of the buildings having a height greater than 21M.
falls on what exposure category for wind Exposure A
loading? (NSCP 207.5.3)
97 Open terrain with scattered obstructions having heights less than
Exposure C
9M. Falls on what exposure category for wind loading?
98 Flat unobstructed areas exposed to wind flowing over open water
for a distance of at least 2 km falls on what exposure category for Exposure D
wind loading?
99 Urban and suburban areas, wooded areas or other terrain with
numerous closely spaced obstructions having the size of single family Exposure B
dwelling or larger falls on what exposure category for wind loading?
100 Zone 1 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 250

101 Zone 2 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 200

102 Zone 3 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 125

103 In testing concrete laboratory cured specimens, no individual


strength test (average of 2 cylinders) falls below fc by more than 3.50 mpa
_______. (NSCP 405.7.3.3)
104 Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not exceed
_______times the least width b of compression flange or face. 50 times
(NSCP 410.5.10)
105 For a rectangular reinforced concrete compression member, it
shall be permitted to take the radius of gyration equal to
0.30
_______times the overall dimension of the direction of stability is
being considered. (NSCP 410.12.20)
106 For members whose design is based on compressive force, the
slenderness ratio kL/r preferably should not exceed ________? 200
(NSCP 502.8.1)
107 For members whose design is based on tensile force, the
300
slenderness ratio L/r preferably should not exceed _________.
108 For pin connected members, the allowable stress on the net area 0.45 fy
of the pinhole for pin connected members is _________.
109 Other than pin connected members, the allowable tensile stress
0.60 fy
shall not exceed _______ on the gross area. (NSCP 504.2.1)
110 For pin connected plates, the minimum net area beyond the
pinhole parallel to the axis of the member shall not be less than 2/3.
_______of the net area across the pinhole. (NSCP 504.4.2.1)

187/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

111 For pin connected members in which the pin is expected to


provide for relative movement between connected parts while under
0.80mm
full load, the diameter of the pinhole shall not be more than
______mm greater than the diameter of the pin. (NSCP 504.4.2.3)
112 The maximum longitudinal spacing of bolts, nuts and intermittent
welds correctly two rolled shapes in contact for a built up section 600 mm.
shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.4)
113 The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in single system shall not
140 mm
exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.80)
114 The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in double system shall not
200 mm
exceed ________.
115 For members bent about their strong or weak axes, members
with compact sections where the flanges continuously connected to .66 fy
web the allowable bending stress is _________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)
116 For box type and tabular textural members that meet the non
compact section requirements of section 502.6, the allowable .60 fy
bending stress is ________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)
117 Bolts and rivets connecting stiffness to the girder web shall be 300 mm
spaced not more than ______mm on centers. (NSCP 507.5.3)
118
Ira composite beam section, the actual section modulus of the
transformed composite section shall be used in calculating the
concrete flexural compressed stress and for construction without 75%
temporary shores, this stress shall be based upon loading applied
after the concrete has reached _____% of its required strength.

119 Shear connectors shall have at least ________mm of lateral 25 mm


concrete covering. (NSCP 509.5.8)
120 The minimum center to center spacing of stud connectors along
6 d of connector
the longitudinal axis of supporting composite beam is ____________.
121 The maximum center to center spacing of stud connectors along
8 d of connector
the longitudinal axis of supporting composite beam is ____________.
122 Connections carrying calculated stresses, except for lacing, sag
bars and girts, shall be designed to support not less than ________Kn 26.70 kn
of force. (NSCP 510.10.61)
123 The connections at ends of tension or compression members in
trusses shall develop the force due to the design load, but no less
than _______% at the effective strength of the member unless a
50%
smaller percentage is justified by engineering analysis that considers
other factors including handling, shipping and erection.
(NSCP 510.2.5.1)
124 When formed steel decking is a part of the composite beam, the
spacing of stud shear connector along the length of the supporting 900 mm
beam or girder shall not exceed _______mm. (NSCP 509.6.1.2)
125 The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness greater
8mm
than 20mm is ________. (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
126 The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness 6mm is 3mm
________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
127 The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness over 6mm
12mm to 20mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)

188/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

128 A property of a material that enables it to undergo


plastic deformation after being stressed beyond the
elastic limit and before rupturing._____________is a
desirable property of structural material since plastic ductility
material since plastic behavior is an indicator of
reserve strength and can serve as a visual warning of
impending failure.

129
In structural design ________________is considered
as wide shallow rectangular beam. The reinforcing
steel is usually spaced uniformly over its width. The one way slab
flexural reinforcement of a one way slab extends in
one direction only.

130 It is an external shear force at a cross section of a


beam or other member subject to bending. Equal to
transverse shear
the algebraic sum of transverse forces on one side of
the section.
131 The structural term which critical point at which a
column carrying its critical buckling load, may either
bifurcation
buckle or remain undeflected. The column is
therefore in the state of neutral equilibrium.
132 In concrete protection for reinforcement
___________mm is the standard minimum thickness
20mm
for concrete covering not exposed to weather or in
contact with ground, such as slabs walls and joists.
133 An instrument for measuring minute deformation in
a test specimen caused by tension, compression, stain gauge
bending or twisting. It is also called EXTENSOMETER.
134 For structural properties of A36 steel the maximum 24 ksi
allowable stress (Fb) for bending is.
135
It is a part of a beam that is thickened or deepened
to develop greater moment resistance.
The efficiency of a beam can be increased by shaping haunch
its length in response to the moment and shear
values which typically vary along its longitudinal axis.

136
Program Evaluation
Review Technique-
What is the meaning of PERT-CPM?
Critical
Path Method

137 They maybe categorized as building or non building.


It is an assembleage designed to support gravity structure
loads and resist lateral forces.
138 It is a vertical pipe, often sheet metal, used to
conduct water from a roof drain or gutter to the rainwater leader
ground. It is another term for down spout,
139
The area where water is pumped from within to
permit free access to the area. A temporary
watertight enclosure around an area of water or
coffer dam
water bearing soil, in which construction is to take
place, bearing on a stable statum at or above the
foundation level of new construction.

140 A membrane structure that is placed in tension and


net structure
stabilized by the pressure of compresses air.

189/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

141
A steel beam fabricated by the dividing the web of a
wide flange section with a lengthwise section zigzag
cut, then welding both halves together at the peaks, castellated beam
thus increasing its depth without increasing its
weight.

142 A structure of cables suspended and pre-stressed


between compression members to directly support suspension structure
applied loads.
143 One pair of vertical angles fastened to each side of stiffener
web plate to solidify it against buckling.
144 Integral part of a beam that forms a flat, rigid
connection between two broader, parallel parts, as web
the flanges of the structural shape.
145 A high tension bolt having splined and twists off
tension control bolt
when required torque has been reached.
146 The oscillating, reciprocating or other periodic
motion of an elastic body or medium when forced Vibration
from a position or state of equilibrium.
Is a horizontal structural member in a timber-framed wall. resist lateral loads from wind
147 and support wall cladding Girt
materials.
148 A brace fitted into a frame work to resist force in the direction of its length. Struts

149
Is a structural element which divides adjacent window units, may also vertically divide
double doors, acts as a
structural member, and it carries the dead load of the weight above the opening and
the wind load acting on the Mullion
window unit back to the building structure. The term is also properly applied to very
large and deep structural
members in many curtain wall systems.

150 Is a quantity expressing the two-dimensional size of a defined part of a surface,


typically a region bounded by a Area
closed curve.
151 The stress at which material strain changes from elastic deformation to plastic
deformation, causing it to deform Yield strength
permanently.

152 In engineering mechanics, (also known as flexure) characterizes the behavior of a


structural element subjected to an Bending
external load applied perpendicular to the axis of the element.
153 Is a statue, building, or other edifice created to commemorate a person or important
event. They are frequently used Monument
to improve the appearance of a city or location.
154 A loads are weights of material, equipment or components that are relatively constant
throughout the structure's Dead Load
life.

155 Are analytical tools used in conjunction with structural analysis to help perform
Shear and bending
structural design by determining the value of shear force and bending moment at a
moment diagram
given point of an element.
156 Minimum concrete cover cast against and permanently exposed to earth: (NSCP
75mm
407.8.1)
157 Is an essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type that is
Braced frame
provided to resist lateral forces: (NCSP 208.1)

190/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

158
A wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the wall Shear

159 In using a concrete backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in
poured footings, the concrete shall 15 mpa
have ultimate strength of ____Mpa at 28 days. (NSCP 305.7.3)
160 Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and columns is ( Class "A"

161 In engineering, buckling -is a failure mode characterized by a sudden failure of a


structural member subjected to high
compressive stresses, where the actual compressive stress at the point of failure is
less than the ultimate Buckling
compressive stresses that the material is capable of withstanding. This mode of failure
is also described as failure due
to elastic instability.
162 What is known as the deformation in which parallel planes slide relative to each other Shear
so as to remain parallel?
163 periodic reversal of stresses fatigue

164 elongation of material subject to axial force strain


165 deformation that accompanies bending of a beam deflection
166
A column that is subjected to both direct axial stress and bending stress is known as? eccentrically loaded

167 concrete column whose load capacity must be reduced, according


long column
to code requirements, because of its slenderness
168 projected beyond it supports cantilevered
169
state of a body in which the forces acting on it are equally balanced equillibrium

170
What is known as an imaginary line in a beam, shaft, or other bending, where there is
neutral axis
no tension nor compression and where no deformation takes place?

171 Unit stress in a bar just before it breaks is called? ultimate strength
172 bending magnitude wherever the shear passes through zero maximum moment

173 the product of the force and lever arms which tends to twist the body Torque

174 unit stress at which deformation increases without any increase in


yield point
the load
175 tendency of one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to vertical shear
an adjacent part
176 in the design of structures, the maximum unit stress permitted working stress
under working loads by codes and specifications
177 It is the tendency of a force to cause rotation about a given point or axis. moment

178 state of rest or motion inertia

179 ratio of the force applied to a structure to the corresponding stiffness


displacement
180
It is a method of concrete building construction in which floor (and roof) slabs are cast
lift slab
usually at ground level and then raised into position by jacking.

181 concrete floor system which has no beam flatslab

It is a structural system without complete vertical local carrying space frame. (NSCP
1 Bearing wall system
208.20)

191/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Is a component including its attachments having fundamental period less than or equal
2 Rigid component
to 0.06 sec. (NSCP 208.20)

Is a component including its attachments having fundamental period greater than 0.60
3 Flexible Component
sec. (NSCP 208.20)

Concrete filled driven piles of uniform section shall have a nominal outside diameter of
4 200 mm
not less than (NSCP 307.7.3)

A complete record of test of materials and of concrete shall be available for inspection
during the progress of work and _______ years after completion of the project and
5 2 years
shall be preserved by the inspecting engineer or architect for that purpose, (NSCP
403.20)

6 The minimum bend diameter for 10mm through 25mm bars (NSCP 407.30) 6 db

7 The minimum bend diameter for 28mm through 36mm bars (NSCP 407.30) 8 db

In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced compression members, clear distance between


8 1.50 db
longitudinal bars shall not be less than? (NSCP 407.7.3)

In walls and slabs other than concrete joist construction, primary flexural reinforcement
9 shall not be spaced farther apart than 3 times wall or slab thickness nor farther than? 450 mm
(NSCP 407.7.5)

Groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as one unit shall be united
10 4 pcs
to ___ pieces in one bundle. (NSCP 407.7.6.1)

11 Bars larger than ___mm shall not be bundled in beams: (NSCP 407.7.6.3) 36mm

Individual bars within a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall
12 40 db
terminate at different points with at least ____ stagger: (NSCP 407.7.6.4)

Minimum concrete cover cast against and permanently exposed to earth: (NSCP
13 75 mm
407.8.1)
14 The minimum clear concrete covering for cast in place slab: (NSCP 407.8.1) 20 mm

In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor for flexure without axial
15 0.9
loads: (NSCP 409.2.1)

In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor for shear and torsion:
16 0.85
(NSCP 409.4.2.3)
The minimum one way slab thickness which is simply supported at the ends only is:
17 L / 20
(NSCP 409.6.2)
The minimum one way slab thickness for a ONE end continuous slab is: (NSCP
18 L / 24
409.6.2)

The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH ends continuous slab is: (NSCP
19 L / 28
409.6.2)

20 The minimum cantilevered slab thickness is : (NSCP 409.6.2) L / 10

Deep continuous flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than:
21 0.4
(NSCP 410.8.10)

192/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Deep simple span flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than:
22 0.75
(NSCP 307.4.2)
Spacing of shear reinforcement placed perpendicular to axis of non-prestressed
23 d/2
member shall not exceed: (NSCP 411.6.4.1)
Development length Ld for deformed bars in tension shall be less than: (NSCP
24 300 mm
412.3.1)

Is an essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type that is


25 Braced Frame
provided to resist lateral forces: (NCSP 208.1)

Is a horizontal or nearly horizontal system activity to transmit lateral forces to the


26 Diaphragm
vertical resisting elements:

Is a frame in which members and joints are capable of resisting forces primarily by Moment Resisting
27
flexure: Frame

In the determination of seismic dead load with a minimum of ________% of floor live
28 25%
load shall be applicable for storage and warehouse occupancies. (NSCP 208.5.1.1)
29 The slope of cut surfaces shall be no steeper than _______% slope. (NSCP 302.2.2) 50%

Before commencing the excavation work, the person making the excavation shall notify
30 in writing the owner of the adjoining building not less than _____days before such 10 days
excavation is to be made. (NSCP 302.2.4)

Fill slopes shall not be constructed on natural slopes steeper than ____% slope (NSCP
31 50%
302.3.1)
The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary line: (NSCP
32 .60 m
302.4.3)
33 The max. distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary: (NSCP 302.4.3) 6 m.
In using sand backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in poured
34 footings, the sand shall be thoroughly compacted by tamping in layers not more than 200 mm
_____mm in depth? (NSCP 305.7.3)
In using a concrete backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in
35 poured footings, the concrete shall have ultimate strength of ____Mpa at 28 days. 15 mpa
(NSCP 305.7.3)
When grillage footings of structural steel shapes are used on soils, they shall be
36 completely embedded in concrete. Concrete cover shall be at least _____mm on the 150 mm
bottom. (NSCP 305.8)

Temporary open air portable bleachers may be supported upon wood sills or steel
37 plates placed directly upon the ground surface, provided soil pressure does not exceed 50 kpa
____Kpa. (NSCP 305.9)

The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted
38 12 mm
to foundation wall in zone 2 seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)

The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted
39 16 mm
to foundation wall in zone 4 seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)

Individual pile caps and caissons of every structure subjected to seismic forces shall
be interconnected by ties. Such ties shall be capable of resisting in tension or
40 10%
compression a minimum horizontal force equal to _____% of the largest column
vertical load. (NSCP 306.20)

Such piles into firm ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M
41 1.50 m.
below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)

193/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Such piles into soft ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M
42 3.0 m
below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)

The maximum length of cast in place piles/bored piles shall be _____times the average
43 30 times
diameter of the pile. (NSCP 307.2.1

Cast in place/bored piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than
44 17.50 mpa
______Mpa. (NSCP 307.2.1)

Pre-cast concrete piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than
45 20 mpa
_____Mpa. (NSCP 304.7.1)
The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a driven pre-cast concrete pile center to
46 75 mm
center. (NSCP 307.5.1)
Pre-cast pre-stressed concrete piles shall have a specified compressive strength Fc of
47 35 mpa
not less than ____Mpa. (NSCP 307.5.1)

48 The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must be? (NSCP 307.6.3) 250 mm

49 Aviation control towers fall to what type of occupancy? Essential facilities

50 Private garages, carports, sheds, agricultural buildings fall to what type of occupancy? Misc. Occupancy
Buildings used for college or adult education with a capacity of 500 or more students
51 Special Occupancy
fall to what type of occupancy?
Buildings or structures therein housing and supporting toxic or explosive chemicals or
52 Hazardous Facility
substances fall to what type of category?
The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with live load only. (NSCP
53 L / 360
107.2.2)
The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with dead load and live load
54 L / 240
only. (NSCP 104.2.2)
Retaining walls shall be designed to resist sliding by at least _______times the lateral
55 2 times
force. (NSCP 206.6)
Retaining walls shall be designed to resist overturning by at least ______times the
56 1.5 times
overturning moment. (NSCP 206.6)

As per NSCP 2001 sect. 206.9.3 vertical impact force for crane load, if powered
57 monorail cranes are considered, the max. wheel load of the crane shall be increased 25%
by what percent to determine the induced vertical impact? (NSCP 206.9.3)

The lateral force on a crane runway beam with electrically powered trolleys shall be
58 calculated as ______% of the sum of the rated capacity of the crane and the weight of 20%
the hoist and trolley. (NSCP 206.9.4)

The longitudinal forces on crane runway beams, except for bridge cranes with hand
59 geared bridges shall be calculated as _____% of the max. wheel load of the crane. 10%
(NSCP 206.9.5

60 An open building is a structure having all walls at least _____% open. (NSCP 207) 80%

Low rise buildings is an enclosed or partially enclosed with mean roof height less than
61 18 m
or equal to? (NSCP 207.20)

62 The wind load importance factor lw for essential facilities is equal to? (NSCP 207.50) 1.15

63 The wind load importance factor for hazardous facilities is equal to? 1.15

64 The wind load importance factor for standard occupancy structures is equal to? 1

65 The wind load importance factor for miscellaneous structures is equal to? 0.87

194/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Large city centers with at least 50% of the buildings having a height greater than 21M.
66 Exposure A
falls on what exposure category for wind loading? (NSCP 207.5.3)

Open terrain with scattered obstructions having heights less than 9M. Falls on what
67 Exposure C
exposure category for wind loading?

Flat unobstructed areas exposed to wind flowing over open water for a distance of at
68 Exposure D
least 2 km falls on what exposure category for wind loading?

Urban and suburban areas, wooded areas or other terrain with numerous closely
69 spaced obstructions having the size of single family dwelling or larger falls on what Exposure B
exposure category for wind loading?

70 Zone 1 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 250 kph

71 Zone 2 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 200 kph

72 Zone 3 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph? 125 kph

In testing concrete laboratory cured specimens, no individual strength test (average of


73 3.50 mpa
2 cylinders) falls below fc by more than _______. (NSCP 405.7.3.3)

Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not exceed _______times the least width
74 50 times
b of compression flange or face. (NSCP 410.5.10)

For a rectangular reinforced concrete compression member, it shall be permitted to


75 take the radius of gyration equal to _______times the overall dimension of the direction 0.3
of stability is being considered. (NSCP 410.12.20

For members whose design is based on compressive force, the slenderness ratio kL/r
76 200
preferably should not exceed ________?

For members whose design is based on tensile force, the slenderness ratio L/r
77 300
preferably should not exceed _________.

For pin connected members, the allowable stress on the net area of the pinhole for pin
78 .45 fy
connected members is _________. (NSCP 504.4.1.1)

Other than pin connected members, the allowable tensile stress shall not exceed
79 0.60 fy
_______ on the gross area. (NSCP 504.2.1)

For pin connected plates, the minimum net area beyond the pinhole parallel to the axis
80 of the member shall not be less than _______of the net area across the pinhole. 2/3
(NSCP 504.4.2.1)

For pin connected members in which the pin is expected to provide for relative
movement between connected parts while under full load, the diameter of the pinhole
81 0.80mm
shall not be more than ______mm greater than the diameter of the pin. (NSCP
504.4.2.3)

The maximum longitudinal spacing of bolts, nuts and intermittent welds correctly two
82 rolled shapes in contact for a built up section shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 600 mm
505.5.4)
The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in single system shall not exceed ________.
83 140 mm
(NSCP 505.5.80)

84 The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in double system shall not exceed ________. 200 mm

195/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

For members bent about their strong or weak axes, members with compact sections
85 where the flanges continuously connected to web the allowable bending stress is .66 fy
_________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)

For box type and tabular textural members that meet the non compact section
86 requirements of section 502.6, the allowable bending stress is ________. (NSCP .60 fy
506.4.1.1)

Bolts and rivets connecting stiffness to the girder web shall be spaced not more than
87 300 mm
______mm on centers. (NSCP 507.5.3)

Ira composite beam section, the actual section modulus of the transformed composite
section shall be used in calculating the concrete flexural compressed stress and for
88 75%
construction without temporary shores, this stress shall be based upon loading applied
after the concrete has reached _____% of its required strength

Shear connectors shall have at least ________mm of lateral concrete covering.


89 25 mm
(NSCP 509.5.8)

The minimum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis of
90 6 dia. Of connector
supporting composite beam is ____________.

The maximum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis
91 8 dia. Of connector
of supporting composite beam is ____________. (NSCP 509.5.8)

Connections carrying calculated stresses, except for lacing, sag bars and girts, shall be
92 26.7
designed to support not less than ________Kn of force. (NSCP 510.10.61)

The connections at ends of tension or compression members in trusses shall develop


the force due to the design load, but no less than _______% at the effective strength of
93 50
the member unless a smaller percentage is justified by engineering analysis that
considers other factors including handling, shipping and erection. (NSCP 510.2.5.1)

When formed steel decking is a part of the composite beam, the spacing of stud shear
94 connector along the length of the supporting beam or girder shall not exceed 900
_______mm. (NSCP 509.6.1.2)

The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness greater than 20mm is
95 8 mm
________. (NSCP 510.3.3.2)

The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness 6mm is ________? (NSCP
96 3 mm
510.3.3.2)

The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness over 12mm to 20mm is
97 6 mm
________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)

This is a secondary effect in shears and especially moments of frame members


98 P- Delta Effect
induced by vertical loads acting on laterally displaced building frame.

A storey whose strength is less than 80% of the strength of the storey above is
99 Weak Storey
considered as __________.

Hospitals, Communication Centers, and others, which are necessary for emergency
100 Essential facilities
post-earthquake operations, are classified as ___________.

196/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
101 Diaphragm
resisting system including the horizontal bracing system.

102 This is essentially a vertical truss system provided to resist lateral forces of a building. Braced Frame

Constructing a high- rise building requires concrete that can easily be pumped. What
type of admixture in concrete the contractor will provide which can reduce the
103 Plasticizer
requirement of mixing water and produce a flowing concrete that does not segregate
and needs very little vibration

The records of test material and of concrete must be preserved after the completion of
104 2 years
the project for at least

105 What is the weight of 1 cu. m. of steel? 7850 kg.

A type of gunite mixed with an accelerating admixture with aggregate larger than
106 Shotcrete
10mm originally sprayed under high air pressure of lining tunnels

If a structure is judged under the condition either to be no longer useful for its intended
107 function or to unsafe, it has reached its __________. Limit State

A phenomenon of failure or damage that may result in sudden and brittle fracture of a
ductile material due to reversals of stresses applied to a body repeatedly or a great
108 Metal Fatigue
number of times.

??? act parallel to each other (offset to each other, a distance d apart), of the same
109 magnitude but ??? Couple

The load at which a perfectly straight member under compression assumes a deflected
110 position. Buckling Load
It is a point within the structure at which a member (beam/column) can rotate slightly to
eliminate all bending moment in the member at that point.
111 Hinge

It is a beam type supported by a hinge/roller at one end and the other end is projecting
112 beyond a fixed support. Semi-Continous Beam

Floors in office buildings and in other buildings where partition locations are subject to
113 change shall be designed to support in addition to all other loads, a uniformly 1000 pa
distributed load equal to
The upward pressure against the bottom of the basement floor of a structure or road
114 slab caused by the presence of water. Uplift Pressure

The particular type of pin-connected tension member of uniform thickness with forged
loop or head of greater width than the body, with is proportioned to provide
115 Eyebar
approximately equal strength both in the head and the body.

A revetment consisting of rough stones of various sizes placed compactly to protect the
116 banks or bed of a river from the eroding effects of the flowing water. Riparap

A three-dimensional spatial structure made up of one or more curved slabs or folded


117 plateshose thicknesses are small compared to their other dimensions. Thin Shell

It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or other horizontal forces on
118 a building. Overturning Moment

197/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or other horizontal forces on
119 Sway Brace
a building
This is designed as special foundation for intense column loads on a platform
120 consisting usually of two layers of rolled steel joists, one on top of other, at right angles. Grillage Foundation

Referring to any artificial method of strengthening the soil to reduce its shrinkage and
ensure that it will not move. Common methods are mixing the soil with cement or
121 Soil Stabilization
compaction

A pit dug in the basement floor during excavation made to collect water into which a
122 pump is placed the liquid to the sewer pipe. Sump Pit

An instrument which measures the actual displacement of the ground with respect to a
123 Seismometer
stationary point during an earthquake
The behavior of sandy soil to weaken its capacity to carry imposed loads when
subjected to vibration such as earthquake particularly when water table saturates this
124 Liquefaction
layer.
It is a beam especially provided over an opening for a door or window to carry the wall
125 over opening. Lintel Beam

For any given granular material, the steepest angle with horizontal, a heaped soil
126 Angle of Repose
surface will make in normal condition that will not slide
It is a long, straight beam which by the inspection if two hinges in alternate spans,
127 functions essentially as a cantilever beam. Gerber Beam

1. One of the constituent parts into which a structure may be resolved by analysis,
128 Structural member
having a unitary character and exhibiting a unique behavior under an applied load.

A major spatial division, usually one of a series, marked or partitioned off by the
129 Bay
principal vertical supports of a structure.
Of a pertaining to a structure or structural member having a load-carrying mechanism
130 One way
that acts in one direction only.
Any condition, as fracturing, buckling, or plastic deformation, that renders a structural
131 assembly, element, or joint incapable of sustaining the load-carrying function for which Structural failure
it was designed.

A point, surface, or mass that supports weight, esp. the area of contact between a
132 Bearing
bearing member, as a beam or truss, and a column, wall, or other underlying support.

133 A structural member essential to the stability of a structural whole. Primary Member

134 The load on a structural element or member collected from its tributary area. Tributary Load
A means for binding a structural member to another or to its foundation, often to resist
135 Anchorage
uplifting and horizontal forces.
A slender rod driven through holes in adjacent parts to keep the parts together or to
136 Pin
permit them to move in one plane relative to each other.
A structural support that allows rotation but resist translation in a direction
137 Roller Support
perpendicular into or away from its face.

138 A wall of treated timber, masonry or concrete for holding in place a mass of earth. Retaining Wall

139 A wall supporting no load other than its own weight. Non bearing Wall
A finish or protective cap or course to an exterior wall, usually sloped or curved to shed
140 Coping
water.
141 A foundation wall that encloses a usable area under the building. Basement Wall

198/471
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

142 Any wall within a building, entirely surrounded by exterior wall. Interior Wall

143 A beam supporting the weight above a door or window opening. Lintel

A retaining wall of reinforce concrete or reinforce concrete masonry, cantilevered from


144 Cantilever wall
and securely tied to a spread footing that is shaped to resist overturning and sliding.

A galvanize wire basket filled with stones and used in constructing an abutment or
145 Gabion
retaining structure.

146 Yard lumber 5 or more in the least dimension. Timbers


Softwood lumber intended for general building purpose, including boards, dimension
147 Yard Lumber
lumber, and timber.
148 A check that extends completely through a board or wood veneer. Split

149 The presence of bark or absence of wood at a corner or along an edge of a piece. Wane

A vertical laminated wood beam made by fastening together 2 or more smaller


150 members with bolts, lag screws, or spikes, equal in strength to the sum of the strengths Built up Beam
of the individual pieces if none of the laminations are spliced.

A building material made of wood or other plant fibers compressed with a binder into
151 Fiber board
rigid sheets.

A pitched truss having tension members extending from the foot of each top chord to
152 Scissors Truss
an intermediate point of the opposite top chord.

153 Yard lumber less than 2 thick and 2 or more wide. Boards

154 A plate for uniting structural members meeting in a single plane. Gusset

A structural frame based on the geometric rigidity of the triangle and composed of
155 Truss
linear members subject only to axial tension or compression.

A joint that physically separates two adjacent building masses so that free vibratory
156 Seismic Joint
movement in each can occur independently of the other.

The ability of a structure, when disturbed from a condition of equilibrium by an applied


157 Stability
load, to developed internal forces or moments that restore the original condition.

A cable anchorage that allows rotation but resists translation only in the direction of the
158 Cable Support
cable.

159 Yard lumber from 2 4 thick and 2 or more wide. Dimension Lumber

The potential high-shearing stress developed by the reactive force of a column on a


160 Punching Shear
reinforce slab.

161 A butt splice made by arc-welding the butted ends of two reinforcing bars. Welded Splice

Any of the U-shaped or closed-loop bars placed perpendicular to the longitudinal


162 Stirrup
reinforcement of a concrete beam to resist the vertical component of diagonal tension.

163 The integral system of members connecting the upper and lower chords of a truss. Web

199/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

An imaginary line passing through the centroid of the cross section of a beam or other
164 Neutral axis
member subject to bending, along which no bending stress occur.

The perpendicular distance a spanning member deviated from true course under
165 transverse loading, increasing with load and span, and decreasing with an increasing Deflection
in the moment of inertia of the section or the modulus of elasticity of the material.

166 The extent of space between two supports of a structure. Span

167 A projecting beam supported at only one fixed end. Cantilever Beam

The buckling of a structural member induced by compressive stresses acting on a


168 Lateral Buckling
slender portion insufficiently rigid in the lateral direction.

A graphical representation of the variation in magnitude of the bending moments


169 Moment Diagram
present in a structure for given set of transverse loads and support conditions.

A beam resting on a simple supports at both ends, which are free to rotate and have
170 Simple Beam
no moment resistance.

A point at which a structure changes curvature from convex to concave or vice versa
171 as it deflects under a transverse load: theoretically an internal hinge and therefore a Inflection Point
point of zero moment.
A slight convex curvature intentionally built into a beam, girder, or truss to compensate
172 Camber
for an anticipated deflection.
173 The center-to-center distance between the supports of a span. Effective Span
A rigid structural member designed to carry and transfer transverse loads across space
174 Beam
supporting elements.
An upright, relatively slender shaft or structure, usually of brick or stone, used as a
175 Pillar
building support or standing alone as a monument.
The lowest division of a building or other construction, partly or wholly below the
176 surface of the ground, designed to support and anchor the superstructure and transmit Foundation
its load directly to the earth.

A long slender column of wood, steel, or reinforced concrete, driven or hammered


177 Pile
vertically into the earth to form part of a foundation system.

The part of foundation bearing directly upon the supporting soil, set below the frostline
178 Footing
and enlarged to distribute its load over a greater area.

A continuous or strip footing that changes levels in stages to accommodate a sloping


179 Stepped Footing
site or bearing stratum.

A graphical representation of the variation in magnitude of the external shears present


180 Shear Diagram
in a structure for a given set of transverse load and support conditions

A thick, slablike footing or reinforced concrete supporting a number of columns or an


181 Mat
entire building.

The actual pressure developed between a footing and the supporting soil mass, equal
182 Soil Pressure
to the quotient of the magnitude of the forces transmitted and the area of contact.

The gradual reduction in the volume of a soil mass resulting from the application of a
183 Consolidation
sustained load and an increase in compressive stress.

200/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

A reinforced concrete beam distributing the horizontal forces from an eccentrically load
184 Tie Beam
pile cap or spread footing to other pile caps or footings.

A foundation system that extends down through unsuitable soil to transfer building
185 Deep Foundation
loads to a more appropriate bearing stratum well below the superstructure.

One of several piles or post for supporting a structure above the surface of land and
186 Stilt
water.

187 A load extending over the length or area of the supporting structural element. Distributed Load

188 The forces exerted on a structure by an earthquake. Earthquake Load

189 A load acting on a very small area or particular point of a supporting structural element. Concentrated Load

A reinforced concrete slab or mat joining the heads of a cluster of piles to distribute the
190 Pile Cap
load from a column or grade beam equally among piles.

191 The moment of a force system that causes or tends to cause rotation. Torque

A load applied slowly to a structure until it reaches its peak value without fluctuating
192 Static Load
rapidly in magnitude or position.

A wall occurring below the floor nearest grade designed to support and anchors the
193 Foundation Wall
superstructure.

194 An applied force producing or tending to produce shear in a body. Shear Force

The twisting of an elastic body about its longitudinal axis caused by two equal and
195 Torsion
opposite torques, producing shearing stresses in the body.

The maximum tensile, compressive, or shearing stress a material can be expected to


196 Ultimate Strength
bear without rupturing or fracturing.

197 Length required for 180 deg Hook. 4d

198 Curing temperature for concrete. 22.8 deg. C

199 Who decides if Footing on Piles is needed for a building? Soil Mechanics

200 Minimum effective depth of pile cap? 300 mm

201 Minimum controudment of pile on pile cap? 100 mm


16d (rebar) , 48d (tiebar),
202 The following are how to determine the spacing of a tie bar of a column? least dim. Of a column

203 Minimum concrete cover of a column exposed in air / atmosphere. 40 mm

204 Minimum concrete cover of column pedestal exposed in underground soil. 70 mm

205 Length required for 90 deg hook. 12 d

206 ACI code: Minimum column dimension. 200 mm

207 Induce cracking at preselected location. Control Joints


The stress beyond which a marked increase in strain occurs in a material without a
208 Yield Point
concurrent increase in stress.
A joint between 2 parts of a building or structure permitting thermal or moisture
209 Expansion Joint
expansion to occur without damage to either part.
201/471
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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The breaking of a material resulting from the rupturing of its atomic bonds when
210 Fracture
stressed beyond its ultimate strength.
The act of shortening or state of being pushed together, resulting in a reduction in size
211 Compression
or volume of an elastic body.
212 Length required for 135 deg hook 6d

213 The deformation of a body under the action of an applied force. Strain
Allow movement between slab and fixed parts of the building such as columns, walls,
214 Isolation Joints
and machinery bases.
The resistance of a material to longitudinal stress, measure by the minimum amount of
215 Tensile Strength
longitudinal stress required to rupture the material.
The axial stress that develops at the cross section of an elastic body to resist the
216 Compressive Stress
collinear compressive forces tending to shorten it.

The property of a material that enables it to retain its appearance and integrity when
217 Weatherability
exposed to the effects of sun, wind, moisture, and changes in temperature.

A joint between two successive placement of concrete, often keyed or doweled to


218 Construction Joint
provide lateral stability across the joint.
219 The elongation of a unit length of material produced by a tensile stress. Tensile Strain
An internal force tangential to the surface on which it acts, developed by a body in
220 Shearing Force
response to a shear force.
221 A high-strength steel strand or bar for prestressing concrete. Tendons

A structural steel column thoroughly encased in concrete reinforced with both vertical
222 Composite Column
and spiral reinforcement.

Any of the longitudinal bars serving as tension reinforcement in the section of a


223 Top Bar
concrete beam or slab subjected to a negative movement.

The depth of a concrete section measured from the compression face to the centroid
224 Effective Depth
of the tension reinforcement.

A concrete section in which the tension reinforcement reaches its specified yield Under reinforced
225
strength before the concrete in compression reaches its assumed ultimate strain. Section

Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved


226 14
recording accelerographs

227 Maintenance and service of accelorographs shall be provided by the Owner

Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the allowable limits and Occupant of the
228
shall be liable for any failure on the structure due to overloading Building

The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of


229 Load Duration
intermittent application of the same load

Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the design live load may be
230 14 sq.m.
reduced

Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they
231 1.50m
are subjected
Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied.
232 1/240 wall span
Perpendicular to said wall
Maximum deflection of flexible finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
233 1/120 wall span
perpendicular to said wall

202/471
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

234 Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit 60 m2

The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the
235 Base
structure of the level at which the structure as a dynamic vibrator is supported

A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure


236 Collector
to vertical elements of the lateral force resisting system

A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
237 Diaphragm
resisting elements it includes horizontal bracing system

238 The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure Base Shear

239 An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls or diaphragm Boundary Element
An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or accentric type which is
240 Brace Frame
provided to resist lateral forces
241 A essentially complete space frame which provides supports for gravity loads Building Frame System
A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space Frame and Shear
242 Dual System
Walls or Braced Frame
The form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace intersects a beam at a
243 Eccentric Brace Frame
point away from the column girder joint

244 The entire assemblage at the Intersection of the members Joints


The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam
245 -the major horizontal supporting member of the floor system Girder

An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load, which collects and transfers
246 diaphragm shear to vertical resisting elements of distributes loads within the Diaphragm Strut
diaphragm. Such members may take axial tension or compression

The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial
247 Diaphragm Chord
stresses analogous to the flanges of a beam

248 Those structures which are necessary for emergency post earthquake operations Essential facilities
Lateral Force Resisting
249 That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces
system
Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile Ord. Moment Resisting
250
behavior Space Frame
251 The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below Story Drift
The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads within the deformation
252 Strength
limits prescribed in this document
253 The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination of structural system Platform
Horizontal Bracing
254 Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a diaphragm
System
An assemblage of framing members designed to support gravity loads and resist
255 Structure
lateral forces
A structural system without complete vertical load carrying space frame. This system
256 provides support for gravity loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls Bearing wall system
or braced frames

203/471
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A structural system with essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
257 Building Frame System
loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames

A structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing support for
Moment resisting
258 gravity loads. Moments resisting space frames provide resistance to lateral load
Frame system
primarily by flexural action of members.

259 Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that the story above Weak Storey

An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical model of the structure


is subjected to a ground motion time history. The structures time dependant dynamic
260 Time History analysis
response to these motion is obtained through numerical integration of its equations of
motions.

The effect on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in directions other than
261 Orthogonal Effect
parallel to the direction of resistance under consideration

The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members induced by the
262 p-Delta effect
vertical loads acting on the laterally displaced building frame

Material other than water aggregate or hydraulic cement used as an ingredient of


263 Admixture
concrete and added to concrete before or during its mixing to modify its properties

264 Concrete that doesnt not conform to definition of reinforced concrete plain concrete

Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least


265 Pedestal
lateral dimension of less than three (3 m)

Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses


below proportional limit of material
266 Modulus of Elasticity
-in the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for ___

In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into
267 Jacking Force
prestressing tendons

268 Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section Embedment Length

Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occurred, excluding
269 Effective Prestress
effects of dead load and superimposed loads

Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of


270 Development Length
reinforcement at a critical section

271 Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing tendon profile Curvature Friction

Structural Lightweight
272 Concrete containing lightweight aggregate
concrete
273 Prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or through grouting Bonded Tendon

274 ASTM A36 Structural Steel

275 True or False, bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams 1

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and columns for
276 40 mm
primary reinforcement
In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of the ratio transverse
277 Poisson Ratio
strain to the corresponding longitudinal strain

278 In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration Slenderness Ratio

279 A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line Torsion

280 A type of concrete floor which has no beam Flat Slab

281 The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent part Shear

282 A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of force Deformation

The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively the material


283 Yielding Stress
sustain without failure
It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to stress
284 -Intensity of force per unit area Stress

The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without permanent


285 Allowable Stress
deformation remaining upon the complete release of stress

286 Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement Stirrup / Tie

287 The measure of stiffness of a material Stiffness Ratio

288 The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes hole through it Punching Shear

289 The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it Deflection

290 Nominal thickness of a timber 6 inches

The sum of forces in the orthogonal directions and the sum of all moments about any
291 Equillibrium
points are zero

The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be
292 preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and 2 years
after completion of the project for a period of not less than ___

293 Wood board should have a thickness specification not less than 1"x4"

294 The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight Run
A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving
295 Portable Hand Router
on solid wood
296 Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake and ___ Knots
Smooth & Planed
297 Dressed lumber is referred to ___
Lumber
It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be
298 Live Load
present at all
299 The other kind of handsaw other than rip cut saw Cross cut Saw

300 The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks Effective Length

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements


301 Contraction Joint
between them
302 The total of all tread widths in a stair Total Run

303 The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces Bond Stress

304 A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a rafter Purlin

A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of channel which resists
305 Shear Connector
horizontal shear between elements
306 The force per unit area of cross section which tend to produce shear Shear Stress

307 The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and strain Hooks Law
Minimum spacing of bolts in timber connection measured from center of bolts parallel
308 4 x dia. Of bolt
for parallel to grain loading is equal to ___

According to the provision of the NSCP on timber connection and fastening the loaded
309 4 x dia. Of bolt
edge distance for perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least

NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to grain loading shall
310 2.5 times
be at least ___ times bolt diameter for L/d ratio of 2

Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and fastening in


311 12 mm
accordance with NSCP specifications

312 Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___ 50

Nails and spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP
313 11 dia.
specifications shall have a required penetration of not less than __

Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications
314 1/6 depth of member
shall not exceed

315 Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the middle third span

316 Notches in the top and bottom of joist shall not exceed 1/4 depth
.60 of specified yield
317 Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area
strength
.50 of specified min.
318 Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area
tensile strength
319 Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area 0.45 fy
Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in
320 0.40 fy
resisting shear
For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be
321 increased sufficiently to provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall 100%
be

322 The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___ 200

323 The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___ 240

Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
324 40 mm
exposed to earth or weather
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
325 20 mm
not exposed to earth or weather

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Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10 C and
326 7 days
in moist condition for at least the first ___ days after placement
If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___
327 7 dyas
days before test and shall be tested dry.

Cutting for high early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10 C and in moist
328 3 days
condition for at least the ___days after placement

The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar)
329 25mm
but not less than ___
180 deg. Bend +4db extension
330 Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean but not less than 65 mm at the
end of bar
90 deg. Bend + 6db
331 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller
extension at free end
90 deg. Bend + 12db extension
332 Standard hooks for stirrups and thie hooks 20-25 mm bar at free end

333 Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depth greater than 200 mm .-12mm

334 Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement .+/- 50mm

Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall
335 40db
terminate at different points with a stagger of at least

Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be
336 3db
less than ___ for strands
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each of member shall to be less
337 4db
than ___ for wire

Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against


338 75 mm
permanently exposed earth or weather using bars larger than 36 mm

Commonly designed as a beam which bears directly on the column footing


339 Grade Beam
a surface discontinuity caused by roughening or scratching
340 Abrasion
a narrow strip of wood applied to cover a joint along the edges of two parallel boards in
341 Batten
the same plane
bulges in plaster finish coat resulting from applying finish coat over to damp a base
342 coat Blistering
concrete structures under construction, a space where concrete is not to be placed.
343 Block out
an iron alloy usually including carbon and silicon which has high compressive strength
344 but low tensile strength. Cast iron

in a suspended acoustical ceiling, a groove cut into the edges of an acoustical tile to
345 receive splines or supporting members of the ceiling suspension system Kerf

a roofing tile which is the shape of an s when laid on its side


346 Pantile
a metaphoric rock made up of mostly calcite or dolomite
347 Marble

the process of producing metal shapes of a constant cross section by forcing the hot
348 metal through an orifice in a die by means of a pressure ram Extrusion

a body acted upon by a balanced force system is in equilibrium


349 Static Equilibrium

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is the action of one body upon another


350 Force
is a single force, a couple, or a force and a couple which acting alone produces the
351 same effect as the force system Resultant

states that the external effect of a force on a body acted upon is independent of the
Priniples of
352 point of application of the force but the same for all points along its line of action
Transmissibility
is an arrangement of any two or more forces that act on a body or on a group of
353 related bodies Force System
a sketch of a body showing the forces exerted by other bodies on the one being
354 considered Free body diagram
is acting parallel to member axis
355 Load
in uniform for homogenous sections
356 Stress
tends to elongate the body
357 Stress due to tension
tends to shorten the body Stress due to
358
compression
is an articulated structure composed of lines or bars assumed to be connected by
frictionless pin at the joints and arranged so that an area enclosed within the
359 boundaries of the structure is subdivided by the bars into geometric figures which are Truss
usually triangles.

are usually horizontal or nearly horizontal elements carrying a stress primarily due to
360 shear and flexure, they usually carry load directly from the floor. Beam & Girders

is a structure in which the reaction components and internal stress cannot be solved
361 completely using the equation of static equilibrium Detrminate structure

a system of framing a building on which floor joists of each storey rest on the top plates
of the storey below and the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each
362 Western Framing
step
a pressure exerted against the underground portion of a building created by the
363 presence of water in the soil. Hydrostatic Pressure

a steel bolt usually fixed in building structures with its thread portion projecting
364 Anchor Bolt
a narrow piece of lumber nailed to the side of a beam along its bottom edge which
365 carries joist flush with the upper edge of the beam Ledger Strip

a flexible blanket type thermal insulation commonly used between studs or joists in
366 frame construction Batt insulation

a system of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to the roof supporting
367 the second floor joists Balloon Framing

the boxing in or covering a joist, beam or girder to give the appearance of a larger
368 beam Beam Blocking
allowable sag (NSCP)
369 100 mm
that part of a building foundation which forms the permanent retaining wall of the
370 structure below grade Foundation Wall

joints employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement of masonry walls


371 Control Joints
a process where a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shape or dimension
372 Forging

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
a commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and
373 ductility Wrought Iron
carries the roof load between trusses or rafters
374 Purlin
usually a sloping beam carrying the reactions of purlins
375 Rafter
carries the masonry across the opening made by a door or window
376 Lintel
a closely spaced beam supporting the floor of a building
377 Joist

378 similar to a joist, it carries the flooring of a bridge Stringer


large sized beams usually carrying the floor beams
379 Girder
spans between columns and supports the floor and curtain walls
380 Spandrel
circular beam that transmits power to the machinery
381 it also carries torsion in addition to shear and flexure Shaft

large roughly molded sun-dried bricks of varying sizes


382 Adobe
is a mixture of sand and gravel held together in a rock-like mass with a paste of
383 cement and water. Concrete
is a combination of concrete and steel wherein the steel reinforcement provides the
384 tensile strength lacking in concrete Reinforced Concrete

height is less than three times the least dimension Pedestal or short
385
compression blocks
strength of column is significantly reduced due to slenderness
386 long or slender column
failure is initiated by material failure
387 Short column
a structural system without a complete vertical load-carrying space frame
388 Bearing wall system
a structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing supports for
389 gravity loads Building Frame System

the method of stiffening floor construction by fitting solid blocks between joists
390 Bridging
a shallow crack at closely spaced by irregular intervals on the surface of mortar or
391 concrete Checking

the stressing of un-bonded tendons after the concrete has cured


392 Post tensioning
a ready means of determining the consistency of freshly mixed concrete
393 Slump Test
the permanent reformation of a material under a sustained load
394 Creep
a principal member of a truss which extends from one end to the other primarily to
395 resist bending Chord
a composition of two or more metals fused together usually to obtain a desired
396 property alloy
the horizontal distance from the face of a lock latch to the center of the knob or lock
397 cylinder Backset
a joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or plated and joining them by
398 riveting, soldering and brizing. Lap seam
the tendency for one part of the beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent
399 part Shear
any material change in shape when subjected to the action of a force
400 Deformation

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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the maximum value of tension, compression or shear respectively which the material
401 can sustain without failure Working Stress
a permanent roofed structure attached to and supported by the building and projecting
402 over public property Marquee
is an extension or increase on floor area or height of a building structure
403 Addition
is a method of proportioning structural elements such that computed stresses
produced in the elements by the allowable stress load combinations do not exceed Allowable Stress
404
specified allowable stress (also called working stress design) Design
is any change, addition to or modification in construction or occupancy
405 Alteration
is any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy
406 Building
a building erected prior to the adoption of NSCP, or one for which a legal building
407 permit has been issued Existing Building
is a method of proportioning structural elements using load and resistance factors such
that no applicable limit state is reached when the structure is subjected to all LFRD (Load &
408 appropriate load combinations Resistance Factor
the term used in the design of steel and wood structures Design)

is a method of proportioning structural elements such that the computed forces


produced in the elements by the factored load combinations do not exceed the
Ultimate Strength
409 factored element strength
Design
the term is used in the design of concrete and masonry structures

is that which is built or constructed, an edifice or a building of any kind, or any piece of
410 work, artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner Structure

is a resigned civil engineer with a special qualification in the practice of structural


engineering as recognized by the board of civil engineering of the professional
411 Structural Engineer
regulation commission

is a structural unit, the integral parts of which have been built up or assembled prior to
Prefab / precast
412 incorporating in the building
assembly

in-place solid rock


413 Bedrock
is a relatively level step excavated into earth material on which fill is to be placed
414 Bench
is earth material acquired from an off-site location for use in grading on-site
415 Borrow
is the densification of fill by mechanical means
416 Compaction
is any rock, natural soil or fill or any combination thereof
417 Earth Material
is the wearing away of the ground surface as a result of the movement of wind, water
418 or ice Erosion
is the mechanical removal of earth material
419 Excavation
is a deposit of earth material placed by artificial means
420 Fill

421 is the vertical location of the ground surface Grade

is the grade prior to grading


the elevation of the original ground surface before excavation or grading begins
422 Existing grade
also called natural grade

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final grade of the site that conforms to the approved plan


the elevation of drives, walks, lawns, or other improved surfaces after completion of
423 Finish Grade
construction or grading operations

the stage at which the grade approximately conforms to the approved plan
424 Rough Grade
is any excavating or filling or combination thereof
425 Grading
is an inclined ground surface the inclination of which is expressed as a ration of vertical
426 distance to horizontal distance Slope
is a designed compacted fill placed in a trench excavated in earth material beneath the
427 toes of a proposed fill slope Key

is naturally occurring deposits overlying bedrock


428 Soil
is a relatively level step constructed in the face of a graded slope for drainage and
429 maintenance purposes Terrace

is an assembly consisting of panels mounted on pedestals to provide an under-floor


space for the installation of mechanical, electrical, communications or similar systems
430 Access floor system
or to serve as an air supply or return air plenum

is a building or portion of a building for the gathering together of fifty or more persons
for such purposes as deliberation, education, instruction, worship, entertainment,
431 Assembly Building
amusement, drinking or dining or awaiting transportation

is a shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of the building


432 Awning
is an exterior floor system projecting from a structure and supported by that structure
433 with no additional independent supports Exterior Balcony
consist of the weight of all materials and fixed equipment incorporated into the building
434 or other structure Dead Loads

is an exterior floor system supported on at least two opposing sides by an adjoining


435 structure and/or posts, piers, or other independent supports Deck

are buildings and other structures that are intended to remain operational in the event
436 of extreme environmental loading from wind or earthquakes Essential facilities

is a building or portion thereof in which motor vehicle containing flammable or


437 combustible liquids or gas in its tank is stored, repaired or kept Garage

is a building or portion of a building, not more than 90sq.m in area, in which only motor
vehicles used by the tenants of the building or building on the premises are kept and
438 Private Garage
stored
is a condition in which a structure or component is judged either to be no longer useful
439 for its intended function or to be unsafe Limit state
a condition in which a structure or component is judged to be no longer useful for its
440 intended function Serviceaility Limit State
is a condition in which a structure or component is judged to be unsafe
441 Strength Limit State

loads produced by the use and occupancy of the building or other structure and do not
include dead load, construction load, or environmental load such as wind load, snow
442 Live Load
load, rain load, earthquake load or flood load

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forces or other actions that result from the weight of all building materials, occupants
and their possessions, environmental effects, differential movements, and restrained
443 Loads
dimensional changes

is the highest part of a bridge pier, on which the bridge bearings or rollers are seated. It
444 may be of Bridge Cap
stone, brick or plain or reinforced concrete, usually the last for heavy loads.

a wood, steel, or pre-cast concrete beam directly supporting a floor. Usually wooden
445 Joist
joist.

load which may be removed or replaced on a structure, not necessarily a dynamic load
446 excluding Liveloads
wind and earthquake loads. Live loads are moving loads or movable loads.

a large beam, originally of wood or iron, now usually of steel or concrete, though light
447 alloys have Girder
occasionally been used. Apart from the bowstring girder its chords are parallel.

total bending effect at any section of a beam is called the bending moment. It is equal
to thealgebraic sum of all the moments to the right of the section (or to the left of the
448 section, whichamounts to the same thing) and is called M for short. Every bending Bending moment
moment can be expressed as aforce times a distance called the arm. units are pound-
inches, ton-inches, kg-m, N-m, tonne-m, etc.

gravel, sand, slag, crushed rock or similar inert materials which form a large part of
449 Aggregates
concretes,asphalts or roads including macadam.

in concrete or mortar, a substance other than aggregate, cement or water added in


small quantity,normally less than 5% of the weight of the cement, to alter the properties
of the mix or the hardenedsolid. Some 80% of the concrete made in North America,
Australia, Japan and most of Europecontains an admixture, and more than half
contains air-entraining agent. Other admixtures are
450 accelerators, bonding admixtures, super plasticizers, water reducers, retarders, anti- Admixture
freeze,corrosion inhibitors, pore fillers and thickening agents. Shrinkage preventers,
coloring (pigments),damp-proofing, expanding, fungicidal, gas-forming, grouting and
flocculating agents also exist. Forconcretes with high cement needed to such an extent
that the admixture pays for itself without harmto the physical properties. But this saving
probably never occurs with very lean concretes.

an admixture which hastens the hardening rate and/or initial setting time of concrete.
Calciumchloride (CaCI2) was widely used, but because it can corrode embedded steel
it is now banned inthe UK except in unreinforced concrete. Chloride-free accelerators
451 Accelerator
that are safe with steel are based on inorganic chemicals including formats, nitrates
and thiocyanates. Sodium carbonate (washing soda) can be used to make a flash set
for quick repairs but It weakens the concrete.

an admixture which slows up the setting rate of concrete, sometimes applied to


452 formwork so thatwhen it is stripped the cement paste which has been in contact with it Retarder
can be removed by light brushing.

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453 making a hole in rock blasting, using a rotative or percussive drill. Boring

piece of steel plate, usually roughly rectangular or triangular, w/c connects the
454 Gusset Plate
members of a truss.

When a heavily loaded column punches a hole through a base, the base is said to fail
by punching shear. Punching shear is prevented by thickening the base or enlarging
455 Punching Shear
the foot of the column so that the shear stress (assumed uniform) round the perimeter
of the column does not exceed twice the allowable shear stress in concrete.

for any material the ratio of the stress (force per unit area) to the strain (deformation
456 Modulus of Elasticity
per unit length).

the stress at which noticeable, suddenly increased deformation occurs under slowly
457 Yield Point
increasing load

the stress beyond which further load causes permanent set. In most materials the
458 elastic limit is also Elastic Limit
the limit of proportionality.

the water content at the lower limit of the plastic state of a clay. It is the minimum water
459 Plastic Limit
content at which a soil can be rolled into a thread of 3 mm diameter without crumbling.

the elastic movement of loaded parts of a structure. The word often refers to the
460 sinking of the midspan of a beam which in British housing generally is not allowed to Deflection
exceed 1/325 of the span.

the load acting across a bean near its support. For a uniformly distributed load or for
461 any other symmetrical load, the maximum shear is equal to half the total load on a Shear
simply supported beam, or to the total load on a cantilever beam.

the force on a member divided by the area which carries the force, formerly expressed
462 Stress
in psi, now in N/mm2, MPa, etc.

a change in length caused usually by a force applied to a piece, the change being
463 Strain
expressed as a ratio, the increase or decrease divided by the original length.

464 a core wall. Shear Wall

test for the stiffness of wet concrete. A conical mold is filled with concrete, well
rammed, and then carefully inverted and emptied over a flat plate. The amount by
which the concrete cone drops below the top of the mold is measured and is called the
465 slump. This test is valuable only when the aggregates are used all the time and in the Slump Test
same proportions. It then gives a rough idea if the water content of the mix. This
otherwise most useful test cannot be applied to stiff concretes with slump of less than
about 20 mm.

a structural member designed to resist loads which bend it. The bending effect at any
466 point in a beam is found by calculating the bending moment. Beams are usually of Beam
wood, steel, light alloy, or reinforced or pre-stressed concrete.

467 a post carrying compressive force. Column

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the bending moment at the support of a beam required to fix it in such a way that it
468 Fixed End Moment
cannot rotate, so that it has a fixed end.

in concrete work, a break in a structure made to allow for the drying and temperature
shrinkages (of concrete or masonry) thus to prevent cracks forming at undesirable
469 Contraction Joint
places. Since all materials containing cement' shrink appreciably on drying, contraction
joints are needed in every long structure.

470 a pre-stressing bar, cable, rope, strand or wire. Tendon

471 the US term for ground beam Grade Beam

concrete members are pre-cast, in a works, with the tensioned wires embedded in
them. The wires are anchored either against the molds or against permanent
abutments in the ground. After hardening, the concrete is released from the mold and
the wires are cut at the anchorage. This method may give a larger loss of pre-stress
than with post-tensioning but is usually economical for small members and may
472 Pre-tensioning
produce better concrete since it is always factory controlled. In long-line pre-stressing,
used for the pre-casting of pre-tensioned floor slabs or beams, the casting bed may be
as much as 180 m long; enabling units may be 1.2 m, and their thickness 15, 20 or 25
em. They usually have tubular voids running down the length and occupying about
30% of the cross-section.

concrete beams, columns, lintels, piles, and parts of walls and floors which are cast
and partlymatured on the site or in a factory before being lifted into their position in a
473 structure. Where many of the same unit are required, pre-casting may be more Pre cast Concrete
economical than casting in place, may give a better surface finish, reduce shrinkage of
the concrete on the site, and make stronger concrete.

either a geophone, used in seismic prospecting, or a device for detecting earthquake


474 shocks. An early seismometer made in Japan about AD 136 consisted of balls Seismometer
dropping from a dragon's mouth into a frog's to show the direction of the shock.

the waste glass-like product from a metallurgical furnace. which flows off above the
475 Slag
metal.

476 ACI term for grip length. Embedment Length

477 the weight of a structure and any permanent loads fixed on it. Dead Loads

gradually increasing permanent deformation of a material under stress, well known in


478 Creep
metals as hightemperature creep.

479 the effective height of a column divided by its radius of gyration, Slenderness Ratio

the strain energy stored in an elastic material per unit of volume.Steel can store 0.027
480 Resillience
kg-m/cm3, rubber about 0.54 kg-m/cm3.

the ability of a metal to undergo cold plastic deformation without breaking, particularly
481 Ductility
by pulling in cold drawing.

482 the ratio of the shear stress to the shear strain in a material. Modulus of Rigidity

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the breaking stress of a cast-iron, wooden or mass concrete rectangular beam,


483 calculated onthe assumptions that the tensile strains in the beam are equal distances Modulus of rupture
from the neutral axis.

484 A link around the main steel in a concrete column, beam or pile. Tie

485 a pile (usually driven not bored) at an angle to the vertical. Batter Pile

a widening of any structure at the foot to improve its stability, in breakwaters, earth or
486 other dams, or Footing
simple walls.
487 the vertical plate joining the flanges of any beam or rail, of whatever material. Web

488 a weld of roughly triangular cross-section between two pieces at right angles. Fillet Weld

489 a relatively fixed point whose level is known and used as a datum for leveling. Bench Mark

490 a flat roof or a quay, jetty or bridge floor, generally a floor with no roof over. Deck

491 a long column, usually of wood or metal, not necessarily vertical. Strut
for elastic materials strained by a force in one direction, there will be a corresponding
492 strain in all Poisson Ratio
directions perpendicular to this, equal to p times the strain in the direction of the force.
Zoning, site characteristics
The procedures and limitations for the design of structures shall be determined by the Occupancy,
493 configuringstructural system,
following factors.
and height

Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved


494 14
recording accelerographs.

495 Maintenance and service of accelerographs shall be provided by the___. Owner

Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the allowable limits and Occupant of the
496
shall be liable for any failure on the structure due to overloading. building

The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of


497 Load duration
intermittent application of the same load.

Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the design live load may be
498 14 sqm.
reduced.

Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they
499 1.50 mts.
are subjected.

Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
500 1/240 of wall span
perpendicular to said wall.

Maximum deflection of a flexible finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
501 1/120 of wall span
perpendicular to said wall.

502 Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit. 60 sqm.

The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the
503 Base
structure or the level at which the structure, as a dynamic vibrator, is supported.

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A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure


504 Collector
to vertical elements of the lateral force resisting system.

A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
505 Diaphragm
resisting elements, it includes horizontal bracing system.

506 The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure. Base Shear, V

507 An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls or diaphragm. Boundary Element

An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type which is


508 Braced Frame
provided to resist lateral forces.

509 An essentially complete space frame which provides supports for gravity loads. Building Frame System

A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space Frame and Shear


510 Dual System
Walls or Braced Frames.

That form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace intersects a beam at a Eccentric Braced
511
point away from the column girder joint. Frame (EBF)

512 The entire assemblage at the intersection of the members. Joint

513 The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam. Girder

An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load which collects and transfers
514 diaphragm shear to vertical resisting elements or distributes loads within the Diaphragm Strut
diaphragm. Such members may take axial tension or compression.

The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial
515 Diaphragm Chord
stresses analogous to the flanges of a beam

516 Those structures which are necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations. Essential facilities

Lateral Force Resisting


517 That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces.
System

Ordinary Moment
518 Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile
Resisting

519 The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below. Story Drift

The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads within the deformation
520 Strength
limits prescribed in this document.

521 The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination of structural system. Platform

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Horizontal Bracing
522 Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a diaphragm.
System

An assemblage of framing members designed to support gravity loads and resist


523 Structure
lateral forces.

A structural system without complete vertical load carrying space frame. This system
524 provide support for gravity loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls Bearing Wall System
or braced frames.

A structural system with essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
525 Building Frame System
loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames.

A structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing support for
Moment Resisting
526 gravity loads. Moment resisting space frames provide resistance to lateral load
Frame System
primarily by flexural action of members.

527 Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that of the story above. Weak Story

An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical model of the structure


is subjected to a ground motion time history. The structure's time-dependant dynamic
528 Time History Analysis
response to these motion is obtained through numerical integration of its equations of
motions.
The effects on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in directions other than
529 Orthogonal Effect
parallel to the direction of resistance under consideration.

The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members induced by the
530 P-delta Effect
vertical loads acting on the laterally displaced building frame.

Material other than water, aggregate, or hydraulic cement, used as an ingredient of


531 Admixture
concrete and added to concrete before or during its mixing to modify its properties.

532 Concrete that does not conform to definition of reinforced concrete. Plain Concrete

Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least


533 Pedestal
lateral dimension of less than three.

Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses


534 Modulus of Elasticity
below proportional limit of material.

In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into
535 Jacking Force
prestressing tendons.

536 Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section. Embedment Length

Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occurred, excluding
537 Effective Prestress
effects of dead load and superimposed loads.

Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of


538 Development Length
reinforcement at a critical section.

539 Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing tendon profile. Curvature Friction

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Structural Lightweight
540 Concrete containing lightweight aggregate.
Concrete

541 prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or through grouting. Bonded Tendon

542 ASTM A36 Structural Steel

543 High-Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding. ASTM A514

544 True or False, Bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams. 1

Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and columns for
545 40 mm
primary reinforcements.

In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of the ratio of


546 Poisson's Ratio
transverse strain to the corresponding longitudinal strain.

547 In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration. Slenderness Ratio

548 A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line. Torsion

549 A type of concrete floor which has no beam. Flat Slab

The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent
550 Shear
part.

551 A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of force. Deformation

The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively the material


552 Yielding Stress
sustain without failure.

553 It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to 'stress'. Stress

The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without permanent


554 Allowable Stress
deformation remaining upon the complete release of stress.

555 Intensity of force per unit area. Stress

556 Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement. Tie / Stirrup

557 The measure of stiffness of a material. Stiffness Ratio

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

558 The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through it. Punching Shear

559 The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it. Deflection

560 Nominal thickness of of a timber. 6 inches

The sum of forces in the othorgonal directions and the sum of all moments about any
561 Equilibrium
points are zero.

The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be
562 preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of completion of the 2 years
project for a period of not less than. construction and after

563 Wood board should have a thickness specification of. not less than 1"X4"

564 The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight. Run

A high-speed rotary shaping had power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving
565 Portable Hand router
on solid wood.

566 The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system. Girder

567 Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake, and___. Knots

Smoothed or planed
568 Dressed lumber is referred to ___.
lumber

569 The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw. Cross-cut saw

It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be
570 Live load
present at all.

571 The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks. Effective length

572 The amount of space measured in cubic units. Volume

573 In the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for___. Modulus of Elasticity

An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements


574 Contraction joint
between them.

575 the total of all tread widths in a stair. Total run

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

576 The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces. Bond Stress

577 A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a rafter. Purlin

Size of Dead Load


578 Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
Defelection

A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of channel which resists
579 Shear Connector
horizontal shear between elements.

Shear Stress / Shearing


580 The force per unit area of cross section which tends to produce shear.
Stress

Size of Dead Load


581 Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
Defelection

582 The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and strains Hook's Law

Minimum spacing of Bolts in timber connectionn measured from center of bolts parallel
583 4 X diameter of bolt
for parallel to grain loading is equal to ___.

According to the provisions of the NSCP on timber connections and fastenings, the
584 4 X diameter of bolt
lodaed edge distance for perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least ___.

NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to grain loading shall
585 2.5
be at least ___ times bolt diameter for L/d ratio of 2.

Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and fastening in


586 12 mm
accordance with NSCP specifications.

587 Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___. 50

Nails or spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP
588 11 diameters
specifications shall have a required penetration of not less than ___.

Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications
589 1/6 depth of member
shall not exceed.

590 Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the ___. Middle Third Span

591 Notches in the top and bottom of joists shall not exceed ___. 1/4 the depth

0.60 of specified min.


592 Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area.
yield stress

0.50 of specified
593 Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area. minimum tensile
strength

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

594 Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area. 0.45 Fy

Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in
595 0.40 Fy
resisting shear.

For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be
596 increased sufficiently to provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall 100%
be.

597 The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___. 200

598 The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___. 240

Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
599 40 mm
exposed to earth or weather.

Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
600 20 mm
not exposed to earth or weather.

Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10C
601 7
and in moist condition for at least the first ___ days after placement.

If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___
602 7
days before test and shall be tested dry.

Curing for high-early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10C and in moist
603 3
condition for at least the ___ days after palcement.

The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar)
604 25 mm
but not less than ___.
180 bend + 4db
extension but not less
605 Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean.
than 65mm at free end
of bar
90 bend + 6db
606 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller.
extension at free end

90 bend + 12db
607 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 20-25mmbar.
extension at free end

608 Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depths greater than 200mm 12 mm

609 Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement. 50 mm

Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall
610 40db
teminate at different points with a stagger of at least ___.

Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be
611 3db
less than ___ for strands.

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SANANDRES
STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be
612 4db
less than ___ for wire.

Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against


613 75 mm
permanently exposed to earth or weather using bars larger than 36mm.

614

615

616

617

618

619

620

621

622

623

624

625

626

627

628

629

630

631

632

633

634

635

636

637

638

639

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER

640

641

642

643

644

645

646

647

648

649

650

651

652

653

654

655

656

657

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STRUCTURAL REVIEWER
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ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Short metal "T" beam used in suspended ceiling systems to bridge the spaces between the
1 Cross Tee
main beams
2 Roofing tile which has the shape of an S laid on its side Pantile
Clay roofing tile approximately semi cylindrical in shape laid in courses with units having their
3 Mission Tile
convex side alternately up and down
4 Groove cut into a board or panel intended to receive the edge of a connecting board Dado
Part of the building foundation which forms the permanent retaining wall of the structure
5 Foundation Wall
below grade
Part of a foundation system which supports the exterior walls of a superstructure and bears
6 Grade Beam
directly on the column footing
7 Black, tar like waterproofing material applied to the exterior of a foundation wall Dampproofing
8 System of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to Balloon Framing
roof supporting second floor joints Balloon Framing

System of framing a building on which floor joists of each storey rest on the top plates of the
9 Western Framing
storey below and the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey

An exterior security lock installed on exterior entry doors that can be activated only with a key
10 Dead Bolt
or thumb-turn
11 Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a hand operated machine Tryolean Finish
Principal member of the truss which extends from one end to the other primarily to resist
12 Chord
bending
13 Composition of two or more metals fused together usually to obtain a desired property Alloy

14 Horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the knob or lock cylinder Backset

15 Vertical members in a railing used between a top rail and bottom rail or the stair treads Baluster
An iron alloy usually including carbon and silicon which has high compressive strength but
16 Cast Iron
low tensile strength
Ferrous metal that offers great resistance to abrassion and finds important use in the cutting
17 Nickel Steel
edges of heavy digging tools
18 Commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility Wrought Iron
19 Window or door in which two panes of glass are used with a sealed air space between Double Glass
20 The wall of Intramuros Fortification
21 Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance 15mm
22 Special type of plate girder consisting of tees, angles and multiple web Hybrid Girder
23 Beam that projects beyond one or both its support Cantilever Beam
24 Wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the wall Shear Wall
25 Modern method of installing wood parquet flooring on wooden boards sub-flooring Gluing/ Pasting
26 Standard height of window sills for office rooms in upper floors 0.90 m
Dimension of commercial acoustic boards for aluminum T-runners used for dropped-ceiling in
27 24" x 48" x 1/2"
offices
28 Horizontal exterior roof overhang Eaves
29 Structural method used for longer span/ interval of columns Post-tensioning

Building paper sheathing


30 Humidification and condensation in exterior walls are minimized by providing: and space filled

Corrugated metal or concrete barrier walls installed around a basement window to hold back
31 Area Wells
the earth
32 Type of slab when the ratio of short span to the long span of a slab is less than 0.50 One-Way Slab
33 Tar paper. Installed under the roof shingles Felt
34 Longitudinal beams which rest on the top chord and preferably at the joints of the truss Purlins
35 The section of which the moment changes from positive to negative Inflection Point
Narrow strip of wood applied to cover a joint along the edges of two parallel boards in the
36 Batten
same plane
Fish Plate or Gusset
37 A wood or plywood piece used to fasten the ends of two members together at a Plate
38 butt joint with nails or bolts
39 The stressing of unbounded tendons after concrete has cured Post-tensioning
40 The boxing in of covering a joist, beam or girder to give the appearance of a larger beam Beam Blocking

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PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Pressure exerted against the underground portion of a building created by the presence of
41 Atmospheric Pressure
water in the soil
Window which projects outside the main line of a building and the compartment in which it is
42 Bay Window
located extends to the floor
43 Joint employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement of masonry walls Control Joints
44 Joint used for adjoining existing building to new building Expansion Joint
Joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete is placed
45 Cold Joint
against it
Joint used when vertical and horizontal surface is reinforced concrete where concreting was
46 Construction Joint
stopped and continued later
Joint that is a straight groove which is used on concrete floors to "control" where the concrete
47 Control Joint
should crack
Joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or plated and joining them by riveting,
48 Lap Seam
soldering or brazing
49 Interior paint that contains a high proportion of pigment and dries to a flat/ lusterless finish Flat Paint
50 Filipino term for horizontal stud Trabe-Anzo
51 Filipino term for floor joist Soleras
52 Filipino term for rabbet Vaciada
53 Filipino term for plastered course Kusturada
54 Filipino term for bottom chord Tirante
55 Filipino term for purlin Reostra
56 Filipino term for eave Alero
57 Filipino term for top chord Tahilan
58 Filipino term for temper (metal work) Poleva
59 Filipino term for plumb line Hulog
60 Filipino term for projection Bolada
61 Filipino term for rafter Kilo
62 Filipino term for baseboard Rodapis
63 Filipino term for alignment Asintada
64 Filipino term for bath tub Baniera
65 Filipino term for brace Pie De Gallo

66 Filipino term for cast iron Pundido (parang manny)

67 Filipino term for contractor Kontratista (yeah!)


68 Filipino term for downspout Tubo de Banada
69 Filipino term for pattern Plantilya
70 Filipino term for mortar Paupo
71 A steel plate attached to both sides at each joint of a truss Gang Nail Plate

72 Climatic factor that is considered in the structural and architectural design of tall buildings Lightning

73 Dry walls are customarily finished Lath and Plaster


1/4 plastic hose filled
74 One method of leveling batterboards without the transit is the use of w/ water

3-4-5 multiples with the


75 Manual method of squaring the corners of a building lines in building layout use of steel tape measure

76 The direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality of the fibers in wood Grain
77 The most common materials used for roofing of urban residential houses G.I. Sheets

78 Block or panel type insulating material used in flat roof of commercial or industrial building Corkboard

79 Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing 1 1/2 corr


80 A continuous recess built into a wall to receive pipes, ducts, etc. Chase
81 Building stone of igneous origin and composed of quartz, hornblende and mica Serpentine
82 Form of brick bond which is composed of alternating courses of headers and stretchers English Bond
83 Form of brick bond which is composed entirely of stretchers Running Bond
Form of brick bond which is a variation of a running bond with a full course of headers at Common Bond /
84 American Bond
regular intervals
Form of brick bond in which each course is alternately composed of entirely of headers or of
85 Flemish Bond
stretchers

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A notch cut in the end of a rafter to permit it to fit flat on a wall and on the top, doubled,
87 Heel Cut
exterior wall plate
A geological or ground condition considered in determining the size and type of foundation of
88 Soil Bearing Pressure
the building
89 Materials excellent as vapor barrier in the roofing system of residential buildings Aluminum Foil Sheets
Reinforced Concrete and
90 The chief structural materials, used for tall buildings High Grade Steel
Material that holds less moisture, is very light, less water absorptive capacity and is very good Asbestos-Cement
91 Shingles
in sidings of dwelling units
92 The finished frame surrounding a door Door Jamb
A door lock with a spring bolt controlled by one or both knobs and dead bolt controlled by a
93 Knob Bolt
key
Door consisting of two separate leaves, one above the other, this leaves may operate
94 Dutch Door
independently or together
95 A twisting force Torsion
The appearance concrete makes when rocks in the concrete are visible and where there are
95 Honey Combs
void areas in the foundation wall, especially around concrete foundation windows
97 A barrier or diaphragm formed to prevent the movement of soil to stabilize foundation Sheet Piling
98 Refers to the term stone-cut Wood Siding
99 Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and columns AA
100 Chord splice connectors for trusses Split-Ring
101 A specialized fastener used to pull on to hold mitered joints together Clamp Nail
102 Most waterproofed type of mortar joints for wall Weathered
103 Rafters laid diagonally from corner of a plate or girts to the ridge Hip Rafter
The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and
104 Batter Boards
excavation lines
Columns in which a concrete core is reinforced with a steel or cast-iron core designed to
105 Composite Column
support a part of load
106 Instrument or tool capable of vertical and horizontal line check Spirit Level
A three-dimensional structural system without bearing walls composed of interconnected
107 laterally supported so as to function as a complete self-contained unit with or without the aids Space Frame
of horizontal diaphragms or floor-bracing system
108 The metal latch plate in a door frame into which a doorknob plunger latches Keeper
109 The appropriate painting material type for wood surfaces Zinc Chromate

110 Coating of commercially made corrugated G.I. sheets, ga. 26, having standard corrugation Aluminum Coating

111 Wood flooring finishing material 7 & 6 Wood Planks

112 A common paint film defect where progressive powdering from the surface inward occurs Chalking

113 Time required for the removal of a form works of a concrete footing 24 hours
114 Wall partition wooden framing Studs
115 The appropriate paint material for G.I. sheet roofing Acrylic Latex Paint
116 The paint finishing material of long-span pre-painted roofing sheet Acrylic Paint
117 Hardware used to fasten corrugated asbestos cement roofing sheet on a steel purlin L Hook Bolt
118 Hardware used to fasten an asphalt strip roof shingle on wooden sheets/planks Staple Wire
119 A type of concrete floor which has no beam Flat Slab
120 Tool used for guiding and testing the work to a vertical and horizontal position Level Tool
121 Tool for testing and for framing work Steel Square
121 Vertical surface on face of a stair step Riser
The complete records of test conduction (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be preserved
123 and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and after completion of 2 years
the projects for a period of not less than
124 Nominal 1" - 2" thk members connecting opposite roof rafters to stiffen the roof structure Collar Beam
125 Thickness of a wood plank 2" to 5"
126 Distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight Run
A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving on
127 Portable Hand Router
solid wood
128 A mixture of sand and stone and a major component of concrete Aggregate
129 The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system Girder

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


130 A wall supporting no load other than its own weight Nonbearing Wall
131 A wall that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight Load Bearing Wall
132 A wall that holds back on earth embankment Retaining Wall
A wall which supports vertical loads in addition to its weight without the benefit of a complete
133 Bearing Wall
vertical load carrying space frame
134 A non-bearing wall built on a concrete floor Floating Wall
135 It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall Shear Wall
136 The occupancy load which either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all Live Load
137 Distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks Effective Length
138 The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix Cement
139 The total of all the tread widths in a stair Total Run
A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed to pump the
140 Sump Pit
liquid to the sewer pipe
141 The pre-construction of components as a part of a whole Prefabrication
142 An opening in the roof for admitting light Skylight
143 Wood coming out from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves Softwood
144 A kind of brick used for high temperature Firebrick
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support
145 Plaster Ground
for finish trim around openings and near the base of the wall
146 Distance between two structural supports Span
147 Scientific name for wood Xylem
148 A small member which divides the glass or openings of sash or doors Muntin
149 Roof that has four sloping sides Hip Roof
150 Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion Rip-rap
151 A tough used for carrying off water Moat
152 The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete Stripping
153 A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters Purlin
A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for securing wood or metal plates to
154 Anchor Bolt
concrete construction
A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window
155 Lintel
opening to bear the weight of the walls above the opening
156 The placing of glass in windows or doors Glazing
157 Another word for handmill on a stair construction Banister
158 A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials Lap Joint
The most common type of hinge where one leaf attaches to the door's edge, the other to its
159 Butt Hinge
jamb
160 Lumber that still contains moisture or sap Green Lumber
161 The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof Valley
162 A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters Facia
163 A large heavy nail Spike
164 Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done Caisson
165 Lumber specification S4S Smooth on four sides
167 The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss Chord
168 Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2 laid over a concrete slab floor Wood Saddle
169 Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent blade set 45
170 A beveled metal tongue operated by a spring-loaded knob or lever Latch
171 A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party wall Common Wall
172 The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole Escutcheon
The material used for the process of making watertight the roof intersection and other
173 Flashing
exposed areas on the exterior of a building
174 A short wood bracket or cantilever that supports an overhang portion of a roof Lookout
175 The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building Formworks
176 Wedge-shaped stone of an arch Keystone
177 Fireproof door with metal covering Kalomein Door
178 The triangular, decorative and supporting member that holds a mantel or horizontal shelf Corbel
179 Lumber that is not squared or finished Milled Lumber
A round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery, steel
180 Foundation Bolt
columns or beams, casting, shoes, beams plates and engine heads

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Simplest type of fiber carpet weaving where pile forms as the wrap yarns loop over removable
181 Velvet
wires inserted consecutively across the loom
A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer of
182 lean cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or Scratch Coat
masonry spoon to the surface to give a tooth for excellent plaster adhesion
A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, Polyurethane Floor
183 Coating
maintenance free, used to finish and topcoat wood flooring
184 A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally Scarf
A type of terazzo floor described by its physical appearance whereby the stone or pebble is
185 Standard Terazzo
intentionally exposed while the cement matrix is depressed
186 An extension of a rafter beyond the wall line Outrigger
A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90 degrees to 180 degrees about the
187 Pivoted Window
header and sill or about the side jamb
188 Used to fill a joint with mastic or asphalt plastic cement to prevent leaks Caulking
189 Type of joint is used to install a glass into a lite of a French window Rabbet
190 Water-mixed productwith a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime activity in new masonry surface Masonry Neutralizer
191 A crosswise groove at the end of a board Notch

192 Shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only Figured Wired Glass

The act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in
193 Grading
preparation for a finishing surface such as paving
194 Adjustable metal column used to support a beam or bearing point Monopost
One of a series of parallel framing members used to support ceiling loads and supported in Ceiling Joist or Roof
195 Joist
turn by larger beams, girders or bearing walls
A floor finish commercially size 1 x 12 x 12 utilizing clay and fired in traditional manner
196 Vigan Tiles
making interesting and attractive rustic clay shade patterns
Steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to
197 Tendon
impart prestress to concrete
198 The upper member of a column, pilaster, door cornice, molding, or fireplace Cap
199 A trim board that is installed beneath a window sill Apron
200 A unit of measure for lumber equal to 1 inch thick by 12 inches wide by 12 inches long Boardfoot
201 Frames of wood or metal enclosing part (or all) of a window sash Casement
The replacement of excavated earth into a trench around or against a basement or crawl
202 Backfill
space foundationwall
Frame lumber installed between the wall studs to give additional support for drywall or an
203 Backing
interior trim related item, such as handrail brackets, cabinets, and towel bars
204 Window with hinges on one of the vertical sides and swings open like a normal door Casement Window
205 Horizontal beam rafter that supports shorter rafters Barge
206 Window space projecting outward from the walls of a building Bay Window
207 Bonding together two or more layers of materials Laminating
Bottom horizontal member of an exterior wall frame which rests on top a foundation,
208 Mudsill
sometimes called sill plate
209 Small-diameter, pre-drilled hole that guides a nail or screw Pilot Hole
210 A joist that runs around the perimeter of the floor joists and home Rim Joist
In a building frame, a structural element that is shorter than usual, as a stud above a door
211 Cripple stud
opening or below a window sill
212 Carpentry joint by 2 uneven timbers,each of which is notched at the place where they cross Cogged joint

A step usually lowest in a flight, having one or both ends rounded to a semi-cricle and
213 Bull-nosed step
projecting beyond the face of the stair string/s
214 A massive concrete wall that resists overturning by virtue of its own weight Gravity wall
215 n masonry, a hard stone or brick used to reinforce an external corner of a wall Quoin
216 A type of half lapped joint used to resist tension Scarf joint

217 One of a number of short vertical member often circular in section to support a stair handrail Baluster

218 The arrangement and design of window in a building Fenestration


219 What concrete block that is used in making a corner of an anchor wall Fig. A-1
220 Lateral ties used for 36mm main bars for column is 12mm
221 Portion of a beam where bending moment changes from positive to negative Inflection point

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


222 A brick laid on its edge so that its end is visible Rowlock
A short flat piece of lumber which is bolted, nailed or screwed to butting pieces in order splice
223 Scab
them together
224 Diagonal bracing in pairs between adjacent floor joist to prevent the joist fro twisting Cross bridging
225 A bar used to hold the reinforcement on a beam Web
226 A small finishing nail is called Brad
227 A roof wherein the four sides are sloping towards the center terminating at a point Pyramid roof
228 A metal sheet used to connect girder and floor joist at the same level Stirrup

229 A slender structural unit introduced onto the ground to transmit load to underground strata Pile

230 Brick set on end with the narrow side showing is called Soldier
231 Finely divided solid particles added to the vehicle to contribute color and durability to paint Pigment
232 End lapping of corrugated G.I. roofing sheets 30cm
233 Inclined structural member that supports the steps of a stair Carriage
234 Structural steel shape having unsymmetrical balance Channel
235 Hooked end of a 12mm stirrups 6cm
236 Which among the concrete block is the header block Fig B-2
237 A device used as a guide of the hand saw in cutting object to form a milter joint Miter box
238 The best and accurate tool for guiding the work in establishing a horizontal level Plastic hose w/ water
239 Minimum thickness of suspended R.C. slab 100mm
240 Total board foot of 10 pcs. 2"x2"x12' 40 bd.ft.
241 Which among the brick work is a common flemish bond Fig. C-3
242 Xyladecor is a product of Boysen
243 Wall that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight Load bearing wall
244 The distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks Effective length
245 The amount of space measured in cubic units. Volume
246 A bended rod to resist shear and diagonal stresses in a concrete Stirrups
247 The most important component to determine the strength of concrete Cement
248 Another term for plaster board Gypsum board
249 The face or front of a building Faade
250 An opening in the roof for admitting light Skylight
251 Wood coming from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves Soft wood
252 A kind of brick used for high temperature Fire brick
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support
253 Plaster ground
for finish trim around opening and near the base of the wall
254 The distance between two structural supports Span
255 Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion Rip-rap
256 Hammer is a Striking tool
257 Which among the finger joint is the hidden dove tail Fig. D-2
258 The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete Stripping
259 A structural member spanning fron truss to truss or supporting rafters Purlins

260 Steel bent inserted in masonry construction for scouring wood or plates to concrete const Anchor bolts

A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window opening
261 Lintel
to bear the weight of the walls above the opening
262 The placing of glass in windows and doors Glazing
263 A rejected building material because of its below standard grade Cull
264 A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials Lap joint
265 Lumber that still contains moisture or sap Green lumber
266 The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof Valley
267 A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is part of the cornice Fascia
268 A large heavy nail is referred to as Spike
269 What is the scientific name of wood Xylem
270 A wall that holds back on earth embankment Retaining wall
270 The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss Chord
272 Strips of hardwood usually 2"x2" laid over a concrete slab floor Sleeper
273 A vertical structural member which acts as a supporting element in a wall or partition Stud
274 Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a hand operated machine Tyrolean finish
275 Curing of concrete or mortar without the gain or loss of heat during the curing period Adiabatic curing

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


276 A floor tile composed principally of polyvinyl chloride Vinyl tile
277 The permanent deformation of a materials under a sustained load Creep
278 The vertical face of a stair Riser
279 Groove extended along the edge or face of the wood member being cut parallel to grain Plough
280 The stressing of unbonded tendons after concrete has cured Post-tensioning
281 A brick whose face has been hacked to resemble roughly hacked stone Ashlar brick
282 A type of tape used in finishing joints between gypsum board Perforated tape
283 Employed to reduce restraint by accomodating movement of masonry walls Control joint
284 A window sash which opens inward and is hinged at the bottom Hopper
285 Inlaid wood flooring usually set in simple geometric pattern Parquet
286 Anchor bolts and strap are molded out of Wrought iron
287 Common hardware fastener for truss braces Lag screw
288 Sealer type of washer for G.I. roofing sheets Lead
289 Trade name for anti-termite surface application on wood Solignum
290 Retarders or accelerators concrete setting Admixture
291 Coated with zinc Galvanized
292 Technical term for earthquake Seismic
293 Vertical frame of paneled door Stile
294 Fascia between floor and wall Baseboard
295 Cement, sand, and water Mortar
296 Filipino term for framework Balangkas
297 Filipino term for bottom chord Barakilan
298 Filipino term for collar Sinturon
299 Filipino term for plastered course Kusturada
300 Filipino term for purlins Reostra
301 Filipino term for wainscoating tiles Asolehos
302 Filipino term for wrought iron strap Platsuela
303 Filipino term for ceiling joist Kostilyahe
304 Filipino term for door fillet Batidora
305 Filipino term for girder Guililan
306 Filipino term for masonry fill Lastilyas
307 Filipino term for downspout Tubo de banada
308 Filipino term for cabinet hinge Espolon
309 Filipino term for brace Pie de gallo
310 Filipino term for bathtub Baniera
311 Filipino term for temper (metal work) SUBAN

312 Horizonatal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the knob or lock cylinder BACKSET

313 A principal member of a truss CHORD

314 Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a hand operatingn machine TYROLEAN FINISH

315 A roofing tile which has the shape of "S" laid on its side PANTILE
316 A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility WROUGHT IRON
317 Joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete is placed COLD JOINT
318 Has high compressive strength but low tensile strength CAST IRON
319 Horizontal surfaces on which the stone units lie on course BED
That part of the foundation for a building which forms the permanent retaining wall of the
320 FOUNDATION WALL
structure below grade
321 The boxing in or covering a joist beam or girder to give appearance of a larger beam BEAM BLOCKING
A system of framing building in which floor joist of each storey rest on the top plates of the
322 WESTERN FRAMING
storey below and the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey
HYDROSTATIC
323 Pressure equivalent to that exerted on a surface by a column of a water at a given height PRESSURE
324 Fashion tone ceiling tiles manufacturer ACI INSULATION
325 Pre painted longspan roofing manufacturer JACINTO COLOR STEEL
326 Combination of aluminum foil, installed beneath the ceiling under G.I. Roofing THERMAL INSULATION
327 Anodizing gives aluminum oxide coating by means of this ELECTROLYTIC ACTION
HIGH TENSILE
328 Use of aluminum sheets is not allow in this material STRENGTH

231/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


329 A brand name of asbestos roofing PLACA ROMANA
330 Anchor bolts and column straps are made of this STEEL
331 Tradename for plastic materials FORMICA
332 First group of wood used as shoring TANGUILE
333 Minimum thickness of footing according to NBC 250mm
334 A passageway of a chimney FLUE
335 A defects in softwood consist of an opening in the grain that contains pitch or resin PITCH POCKET
336 Lumber defects caused by broken twigs KNOTS
They are used for unpainted surfaces or those to be repainted after most of the original paint
337 PRIMER SEALER
has been removed
338 Concrete mixed ideal for road pavement and waterproof structure AA
339 Lumber defects due to the effects of fungi MOLDS AND STAINS
340 To coat steel or iron by immersing in a bath of zinc GALVANIZING
341 A boring bit having a conical shaped cutter to accommodate the head of the screw COUNTERSINK
342 A metal plate attached to the face of a door, around the shaft for the door knob ROSE
343 The process of marking wood, metal bricks using pointed material SCRIBE
344 A brand of liquid solution of pigment in suitable vehicle of oil, organic solvent or water DAVIES
A building material made of fused silica with alkaline bases, drawn up with a metal bar from a
345 GLASS
tank
346 A low wall around a chalet type house ZOCALO
347 Common hardware fastener for truss braces LAG SCREW
348 A material which provides a seal as a result of pressure between he faces of a joint COMPRESSION SEAL
349 The cross bar of a panic exit device; serves as a push bar to actuate the panic hardware CRASH BAR
350 Rock volume to collect water in retaining wall BLEEDER MASS
351 A horizontal timber which serves as a base for the stud in a stud partition SOLEPLATE
One of the outer structural member of a frame; as at the outer edge of a door or a window
352 STILE
sash
353 A tradename for for anti-termite surface application on wood SOLIGNUM
354 A roofing material having a galvanized steel as base with acrylic overglazedd COLOROOF
355 Concrete with low cement content LEAN

356 Pre-casted custom designed architectural panel with specially designed waterproof joints FLOOR PANEL

A barrier or diaphragms formed to prevent the movement of the soil, to stabilize the
357 SHEET PILE
foundations
358 A fireproof door with metal covering KALAMEIN
Comes from decidous or broadleaf trees and are typically used for flooring, stairs, paneling,
359 HARDWOOD
furniture and interior form
360 The evergreens and are used for general construction relatively soft and easy to cut and work SOFTWOOD

361 Used for posts, girder, jambs attached to concrete and also for wooden decks YACAL
362 Finest wood for furniture TINDALO
363 Used for paneling and plywood veneer DAO
364 Tanguile like for framing chests, jewel boxes, stair frames KAMAGONG
365 Philippine mahogany for framing chests, stair, frame WHITE LAUAN
366 Used for framing joist, truss APITONG
367 Most expensive used for furniture and paneling, flooring, door pnels, stairs NARRA
368 The most common lumber in the market; used generally for framing, joists, nailer, studs TANGUILE
369 Used for paneling ALMACIGA
370 The hard cross grained mass of wood formed in a trunk at the place where a branch KNOTS
A crack due to natural causes occuring in timber; includes ring shakes, cup shakes heart
371 SHAKES
shakes, star shakes and wind shakes
372 A defects in softwoods; consist of an opening in the grain that contains pitch or resins PITCHPOCKETS
373 A cracks that extends completely throug a piece of wood or veneer SPLIT
A small crack running parallel to the grain in wood and across the rings, usually caused by
374 CHECK
shinkage during drying
375 Distortion in shape of parallel plane surface WARP
A round edge or bark along an edge at a corner of a piece of lumber; usually caused by
376 WANE
sawing too near the surface of the lag

232/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


The decay of seasoned wood caused by fungi of a type capable of carrying water into the
377 DRY ROT
wood they infest
378 1 inch x 12 inches x 1 foot of length 1 BOARD FOOT
379 Thickness x Width x Length / 12 BOARD FOOT FORMULA
380 1" TO 1 1/2" thk and wider BOARDS
381 2" to 4" thk DIMENSION LUMBER
382 5" x 5" and larger TIMBERS
A bi-product of wood where waste wood boards are compressed finishes on both sides with a
383 PLYBOARD
thin layer of wood, glued together with industrial glues
384 Hip roof support JACK RAFTER
385 Another term for plaster board GYPSUM BOARD
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as a guide and support
386 TRIMMING GUARD
for finish trims around openings and near the base of the wall
387 Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion RIPRAP
388 Strips or hardwods usually 2" x 2" laid over a concrete slab floor SLEEPERS
389 Steel window section for muntins Z BAR
A hardener mixture mixed with marble dust to fill-up the gap of marble slabs during
390 POLYMER
installatiuon of floor or wall finishes
391 A type of handless lockset key operatd to give double security DEAD BOLT LOCK
392 Admixture that impart color on concrete TRUSCON
PRE-TENSIONED
393 Tension is placed on the reinforcing prior to the placing of the concrete CONCRETE

394 Subjecting reinforcement bars, tendons to tension on a stress bed prior to concrete pouring PRE STRESSING

395 The soil or rock directly beneath the footing FOUNDATION BED
396 Minimum time required for removing the form for sides of beams and girders 3 DAYS
397 To improve the water repellant qualities of cement in concrete mixing SAHARA
398 A paint defects causes by applying a finish coat over too damp a base coat BLISTERING
398 A type of concrete floor which has no beam FLAT SLAB
399 A 2" to 5" thick piece of lumber WOOD PLANK
400 A flat glass sheet possesing high quality polished, smooth surface FLOAT GLASS
401 A protein; the chief nitrogenous ingredient of milk CASEIN

A type of roofing materials made from semi solid mixture of complex hydrocarbons derived
402 ASPHALTIC
from coal of petroleum and before installation dissolved in solvent, emulsified, heated to liquid

The tradename for flouroplastic which is transparent to opaque in character and is used
403 TEFLON
primarily for electrical fixture and pipe sealing
403 The chemical reaction between cement and water which produces hardened cement HYDRATION
405 The process of striking the concrete in order to bring the surface to the required grade SCREEDING
Temporary structure used to support a permanent structure during its erection and until its
406 FALSEWORK
become self supporting
408 An excavation whose length greatly exceeds its width TRENCH
A type of steel that develops a protective oxide coat on its surface upon exposure to the
409 WEATHERING STEEL
elements so that the painting is not required for protection
A pattern bond with alternate strechers and headers in each with headers centered over
410 FLEMISH BOND
stretchers in the course below
Such as barite, magnitite and steel punching and is used primarily for nuclear radiation
411 HEAVYWEIGHT
shielding
A type of scaffold which has one line of standard to support the outside of the scaffold deck,
412 PUTLOG SCAFFOLD
while the inside edge is supported from the wall being built
413 A portland cement specification ASTM C 150
A clad aluminium sheet used for standrad corrugated, ribbed or V-beam section and various
414 ALCLAD
embossed pattrens for industrial roofing and curtain wall sheets
415 A common paint film defect where progressive powdering from the surfaces inward occurs CHALKING

416 Inlaid wood flooring usually set in simple geometric patterns PARQUET
A special coating system with high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, POLYURETHANE FLOOR
417 COATING
maintenance free, used to finish topcoat and wood flooring

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A type of plastic rigid to flexible, translucent to opaque and is used in insulation, siding, wood
418 PVC
imitation, flooring and piping
419 The paint materials used for sealing, filling, correcting surface defects on wood surfaces GLAZING PUTTY

A type of cement that provides 190% of type I strength after one day curing and also TYPE III HIGH EARLY
420 STRENGTH
produces about 150% of the heat of hydration of normal cement during first seven days
The process of proportioning cement, water, aggregates and additives prior to concrete
421 BATCHING
mixing
422 Minimum slump recommended for mass concrete 2 to 5 INCHES
423 The placing of concrete using pneumatic pressure of dry mix concrete or mortars SHOTCRETE

424 A standing position of brick construction having length and height as the exposed surface SOLDIERS

A process employed to reduce the amount of free water present in plastic concrete after the
425 VACUUM DEWATERING
concrete has been placed and screen
An electrolytic process in which the aluminum is emmersed in a specific acid solution through
426 ANODIZING
which a direct current is passed between the aluminum and the solution
The substance in the paint which gives continuity and provides adhesion to the surface or
427 VEHICLES
subtrite
428 A more substantial framework progressively built up as tall building rises up STAGING
429 No. 5 designation of a bar 16mm
A water tight structure or chamber within which work is carried on in building foundation or
430 CAISSON
structures below water level
A wood defect that is a small crack running parallel to the grain in wood and across the rings,
431 CHECKS
usually caused by shrinkage during drying
432 Bolts w/c incorporate torque control groove so that the stem breaks under a specified torque TENSION SET BOLTS

433 A soil condition where the soil material is in the natural state before the disturbamnce BANK
The process of increasing the density of a soil by mechanically forcing the soil particles closer
434 COMPACTION
together, thereby expelling the air from the void spaces
A special form of cast in place concrete pile in which an enlarged based is formed during
435 BULB PILE
driving
436 A beam usually distributed horizontal forces to footings TIE BEAM
A type of glass produced by heating annealed glass almost to the melting point and then
437 TEMPERED GLASS
chilling it rapidly which is 3 to 5 times stronger than ordinary glass
A type of paint that produces a very smooth and glossy surface and sometimes referred to as
438 DUCO
pigmented lacquer
439 A horizontal layer of mortar on which bricks are laid BED JOINT
Walls made up of two masonry wythes separated by an air space 2" (50mm) or more in width
440 CAVITY WALL
and tied together by metal ties
A type of soft formwork with no shoring along its span and is supported instead of trusses
441 FLYING FORM
frames along its span and shoring on both ends
442 Class AA concrete mixture ratio 1: 1 1/2 : 3
443 A column usually reinforced concrete, constructed below the ground surface PIER
A defect in lumber which is round edge or bank along an edge at a corner of a piece of
444 WANE
lumber, usually caused by sawing too near the surface
A liquid component of a paint to increase its fluidity, they volatize or evaporated during drying
445 SOLVENTS
and not became part of the film
446 A plate usually wood used to anchor a stair to concrete KICKER PLATE
EXPANSIVE SOIL
447 A type of settlement that cause the grade slab to bend upward due to wet soil expansion HEAVING
448 A special type of paint made with varnish as the vehicle, applied in wood and metal ENAMEL
Whitish powder that forms on the surface of bricks or stone walls due to evaporation of
449 EFFLORESCENCE
moisture or containing salts
450 The most widely used type of building brick which is made of natural sand and clay or shale KILN BURNED BRICKS

451 A vertical joints between brick wythes COLLAR JOINT

A paint defect coat by soft undercoat, forming shallow cracks at closely spaced but irregular
452 CHECKING
interval
453 It is not a vehicle of paint EMULSIFIERS

234/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


454 A double unit glass INSULATING GLASS
A pattern consisting of stretcher or running bond six or seven courses with a course of
455 COMMON BOND
headers laid perpendicular to the stretcher course
Additive used to ensure that all particles of cement and water are mixed thoroughly in a
456 DISPERSAL AGENT
concrete setting
Flouropolymers, powder coatings, siliconized acrylics and polyesters are these types of
457 LAMINATED COATING
coatings for aluminium
A process of coating steel products by immersing them in a bath of motten zinc after cleaning
458 ANODIZING
them
Another term used for ASTM A572 high strength low alloy. It is a structural steel which uses a
459 WEATHERING STEEL
natural form of oxidation for protective coating
A rigid frame which is done by welding together its two spanning members, both are
460 connected homogenously to the vertical column members fastened conventionally to the TWO HINGED FRAME
concrete pedestal
Steel plate under the end of a beam used to distribute the end reaction where the beam rests
461 BEARING PLATE
on a masonry or concrete support
Used as a dry sheet to protect wood sheating from dripping asphalt, usually composed of
462 TARRED FELTS
combination of felted papers, shredded wood fibers and asphalt saturated
A type of surfacing in built-up roof where a flood coat of bitumens is applied over the top ply
463 GRAVEL SURFACING
and a layer of aggregate is applied while the flood coat is hot
464 Unitary roofing materials which are similar to shingles except that they are split out SHAKES
PAINT DEFECTS
An incomplete form of peeling where the paint cracks into the large segments, the edges of
465 which breakaway from the surface while the center remains attached.Usually due to repeated ALLIGATORING
application of new coats over old coats
Discoloration of coating caused by solube color in the underlying surface,may be prevented
466 BLEEDING
by applying an impermeable undercoating
Formation of blisters or pustules in coating, may be due to underlying spots of grease,the sun
467 BLISTERING
during the process of drying
468 Progressive powdering from the surface inward CHALKING
469 Loss of luster, due to insufficient or defective undercoat, improper filling of wood DEADENING
470 Clouding of the laquer film through precipitation of moisture in the film MOISTURE BLUSH
471 Constant temperature and constant low humidity in the finishing will help
472 Rough appearance resembles very closely the peel of the orange, improper surface cleaning ORANGE PEEL

473 Indicate imperfect attachment to the surface; due to dampness, greasy surface and moisture PEELING

As it called, changes in atmospheric conditions during application over sweating or


474 PINHOLING
incompletely dried undercoats, spots of grease or soap
475 Irregularities of surface due to uneven flow of varnish or paint, too much varnish, inc brushing RUNS AND SAGS

Adhesive property of incompletely dried coating, it is caused especially in the refinishing of


476 TACKINESS
old work, over unclean or greasy surface
477 Due to applications of few heavy coats for more thin ones, due to cold weather WRINKLING
478 The loss of color of a paint film through exposure to sunlight and weather FADING
STANDARD WEIGHT OF PLAIN OR DEFORMED ROUND STEEL BARS
479 What is the standard weight of 8mm hot weld deformed bar 0.396 KILO
480 What is the standard weight of 10mm hot weld deformed bar 0.616 KILO
481 What is the standard weight of 12mm hot weld deformed bar 0.888 KILO
482 What is the standard weight of 16mm hot weld deformed bar 1.580 KILOS
483 What is the standard weight of 20mm hot weld deformed bar 2.466 KILOS
484 What is the standard weight of 25mm hot weld deformed bar 3.854 KILOS
485 What is the standard weight of 28mm hot weld deformed bar 4.834 KILOS
486 What is the standard weight of 32mm hot weld deformed bar 6.314 KILOS
487 What is the standard weight of 36mm hot weld deformed bar 7.992 KIOS
488 What is the standard weight of 40mm hot weld deformed bar 9.866 KILOS
5 TYPES OF PORTLAND CEMENT
489 Is used for general concrete construction where the special properties are specified TYPE I

235/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Is for use in general concrete construction exposed to moderate surlfate action or where
490 TYPE II
moderate heat of hydration is required
491 is used where high early strength is required TYPE III
492 is used where low heat of hydration is required TYPE IV
493 is for use when high sulfate resistance is required TYPE V
TYPES OF DOORS
This is workhose of metal windows available in many combination of fixed and operating
494 sash. Usually, the lowest light will project in and the upper ends projects out for maximum PROJECTED
comfort
Another version of the projected sash, this window provides an integral grill permitting
495 SECURITY
ventilations but restricting the size of an object that can pass through the window
496 Operating sash for ease of operation DOUBLE HUNG
It provide flush interior and exterior wall surfaces without the need for counter- balancing
497 SLIDING
hardware intrinsic in the double hung window
498 A larger amount of light than ventilation is desired COMBINATION
499 Vertically proportioned sash that swing outward, somewhat like a door CASEMENT
It offers 100% ventilation combined with a degree of rain protection not attainable with
500 AWNING
casement sash
An awning window which is reduced in to an operating louver, with a profound effect on
501 JALOUSIE
appearance and ability to provide weatherstripping
502 Popular in multi-storey, AC commercial building. They usually rotate90deg up to 180deg PIVOTED
TYPES OF HINGES
503 A movable joint used to attached, support and turn a door about a pivot HINGE
504 Two rectangular metal plate which are joined with a pin BUTT HINGE
A hinge containing one or more spring, when the door is open the hinge returns it to the open
505 SPRING HINGE
position automatically
506 The axle or pin about which a window or door rotates PIVOT HINGE
TYPES OF HINGES ACCORDING TO APPLICATIONS
507 A hinge designed for attachment on the surface of the door and jamb without mortising FULL SURFACE
Having one leaf mortised into the dge of the door and the other surface mounted on the door
508 FULL MORTISE
frame
A hinge, one plate of which is mortised in the door leaf, the other being surface mounted on
509 HALF MORTISE
the jamb leaf
510 A hinge which is applied to the surface of a door leaf and to a mortise jamb leaf HALF SURFACE
TYPES OF FOUNDATIONS
511 Structural elements that carry or support the superstructure of the building FOUNDATIONS
512 Foundaion w/c transfers load to the earth at the base of column or wall of substructure SHALLOW FOUNDATION
513 Transfer the load at a point far below the substructure DEEP FOUNDATIONS
TYPES OF COLUMN FOOTING
514 A combined footing of prismatic shape, which supports two or more columns in a row CONTINUOUS
515 Large footing extending a wide area MAT/RAFT FOUNDATION
Intended to transmit structural loads through the upper zone of poor soil to a depth where the
516 PILE FOUNDATION
earth is capable of providing the desired support
Uses wide flange or I beam; A series of steel beams, bolted together and placed over a
517 GRILLAGE FOOTING
footing used to distribute a concentrated column over the top of footing
518 A footing which supports more than one column load COMBINED FOOTING
TYPES OF FOUNDATIONS
519 A footing which is especially wide, usually of reinforced concrete SPREAD FOOTING
A foundation cut in series of steps in a sloping bearing stratum to prevent sliding when
520 BENCH FOUNDATION
subject to the bearing load
An arch in which intrados below the springing line use to distribute concentrated loads in
521 INVERTED ARCH
foundations
A watertight structure or chamber within which work is carried on in building foundations or
522 CAISSON'S FOUNDATION
structures below water level
523 A continuous foundation under a full extent of the structure MAT/RAFT FOUNDATION
A footing having a tie beam to another footing to balance a structural load not symmetrically
524 CANTILIVER FOOTING
located with respect to the footing
525 A series of steel beam bolted together and placed over a footing used to distribute GRILLAGE FOOTING

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A system of piles, pile caps and straps that transfers the structural load to the bearing stratum
526 PILE FOUNDATION
into which the piles are driven
MIXING OF CONCRETE
527 About 10% of the mixing water is placed in the drum before drying materials are added DRUM MIXING
READY MIXED CONCRETE
528 Concrete is mixed completely in the truck mixer 1 1/2-3 minutes mixing TRANSIT MIXED
529 Concrete is mixed in a stationary mixer and delivered in the truck agitator CENTRAL MIXED

530 Concrete is mixed partially in a stationary mixer and mixing is completely in the truck mixer SHRINK MIXED

PLACING OF CONCRETE
Concrete must be placed in position properly compacted within WHAT minutes after adding
531 30 to 60 MINUTES
water, then cement setting will start
MIXING OF CONCRETE
532 It shall be continued for at least WHAT minutes, after all the materials are in the drum 1 1/2 MINUTES
CURING OF CONCRETE
Concrete (other than high early strength) shall be maintained above 10 C and in a moist
533 condition for at least the WHAT days after placement High early strength shall be maintained FIRST 7
above 10 C and in a moist condition for at
534 least the WHAT days FIRST 3
HANDLING OF CONCRETE
535 General purpose concrete 16 to 20 L of water
536 Load bearing 4" CHB 28 to 32 L of water
537 Non load bearing 4" CHB 36 to 40 L of water
538 Cement mortar 16 to 20L of water
Stacking of cement bags Maintain a clearance of WHAT feet (minimum) beteween G.I.
539 4 FEET
Roofing and cement bag stack
REBAR LIMITATIONS FOR FOOTINGS
540 Minimum bar size of footing NO. 5 or 16mm
1 1/3 times the size of
541 Spacing of rebars is WHAT of times the size of aggregate or 25mm aggreagates or 25mm
REBAR LIMITATIONS FOR FOOTINGS
542 Minimum size of column rebar NO. 5 or 16mm
543 Minimum number of column rebar for square/rectangular coulumns 4 PIECES
544 Sizes of column ties NO. 2 or NO. 4
BENDING AND BENDING POINTS OF REBAR
545 Beams and girders which require bent bars from face of the support for END span L/7
546 Beams and girders which require bent bars from face of the support for INTERIOR span L/5
547 Angle of inclination of bent bars from the horizontal 45degrees
12TIMES BAR DIAMETER
548 Column rebars to be embedded to footing should have an anchorage is or 305mm
549 Distance of column rebars should be continued uninterrupted above the floor line L/4
If rebars are to be spliced by welding, it should be cut at these distances from each point of
550 102mm,152mm,254mm
cut
SPLICING OF REBARS
Splices at point of maximum tensile stress (bottom, center bars, at midspan) Or it should be
551 IT SHOULD BE AVOIDED
lapped or welded
SIZES OF LAP SPLICES
552 24 times bar diameter 276MPa
553 30 times bar diameter 345MPa
554 36 times bar diameter BUT NOT LESS THAN 305mm 414MPa
555 Both ENDS of BOTTOM bars should be BENT UPWARDS at this ANGLE 15 degrees
ELECTROLYTIC
556 Aluminum-Concrete reactions REACTION
THEY SHALL NOT BE LARGER in outside diameter than 1/3 THE OVERALL THICKNESS
OF SLAB, WALL OR BEAM which they are EMBEDDED TOOLS FOR PLACING
557 STRAIGHT EDGE
CONCRETE Or "STRIKE OFF" It is the first finishing tool after the concrete is placed and is
used to strike off the concrete surface to proper grade
JITTER BUG after the concrete has been struck off, it can be used to compact concrete in
558 HAND TAMPER
flatwork construction

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A long flat rectangular piece of wood or aluminum from 3" to 4" wide with handle on top, used
559 DARBY
to float the surface of concrete slab immediately
560 A tool or machine used to smooth uniformed surfaces of freshly placed concrete BULL FLOAT

561 A finishing tool used on the edges of fresh concrete or plaster to provide a rounded corner EDGER

562 A metal tool used to cut a joint partly through fresh concrete JOINTER OR GROOVER
THREE COAT PLASTER
563 First coat SCRATCH COAT
564 Second coat BROWN COAT
565 Third coat FINISH COAT
A proportioned mixture of silaceous material and cement which after being prepared in plastic
566 MORTAR
state with water hardens into a stone-like mass
Refers to a piece of timber of either cylindrical or either geometrical cross section vertically
567 POST
placed to support a building
A vertical structure used to support a building made of stone, concrete, steel or combination
568 COLUMN
of the above materials
COLUMN CLASSIFICATION TO TYPES OF REINFORCEMENT
SQUARED TIED SPIRAL
569 Minimum of 6pcs. of 16mm diam. Reinforcing bar COLUMN
COMPOSITE COLUMN
570 Spiral column combined with WF steel column COMBINED COLUMN
571 A steel column used as a support for girders and beams LALLY COLUMN
TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION JOINTS
572 Such an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact ISOLATION JOINT

A grooved which is formed in a masonry structure to regulate the location and amount of CONTROL JOINT W/
573 DOWEL
cracking
A joint formed by the insertion of the tounge of one member into the corresponding groove of
574 T&G CONTROL JOINT
another
BUTT-TYPE
575 Used for floor of 5" thick and greater CONSTRUCTION
576 Used of heat to prevent contractions THERMAL EXPANSION
PRE STRESSING OF CONCRETE
PRE-COMPRESSING
577 Process using hydraulic jacks on fixed abutments METHOD
SELF CONTAINED
578 Done by tying jacks based together with wires located at end of a beam METHOD
579 Strands are stretch between massive elements BOND FRICTION
580 Steel is heated by means of electric power; cooling THERMAL PRESSING
VOLUMETRIC
581 Used of expanding cement restrained by steel strands EXPANSION
SITE CASTS
Is used chiefly with two way flat plate structures, almost eliminates formwork by casting the
LIFT SLAB
582 slabs of the building in a stack on the ground, then using hydraulic jacks to lift the slabs up CONSTRUCTION
the columns to their finl position
Is fabricated in large sections supported on deep metal trusses; the sections are moved from
583 FLYING FORMWORK
one floor to the next by crane, eliminating much of the labor
Useful for tall wall structures such as elevator shafts; stairwells and storage soils. A ring of
584 formwork is oulled steadly upward by jacks supported on a vertical reinforcing bars, while SLIP FORMING
workers add concrete and reinforcing in a continuous process
Is a floor slab cast on the ground and reinforced concrete wall panels are poured over it in a
585 TILT-UP CONSTRUCTION
horizontal position, then tilted into positions and grouted together
(Pneumatically placed concrete) is sprayed into placed from a hose by a stream of
586 SHOTCRETE
compressed air and can be deposited without formwork ven on vertical surfaces
587 The concrete is formed in thin sections as thin as 2 1/2" or a large shell THIN SHELLS

588 Concrete or mortar which is pumped through a hose and projected at high velocity on surface SHOTCRETE

A construction method relying primarily on the used of standardized manufactured


589 PRE-FABRICATED
components

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A method of concrete building construction in which floor and roof slabs are cast at ground
590 LIFT SLAB
level and then raised into sa position by jacking
CLASIFICATION OF PILES
591 A pile which carries a vertical load BEARING PILE
592 A pile that transfer its loads to the soil through friction with the earth surrounding it FRICTION PILE
593 A pile driven at an inclination to the vertical to provide resistance to horizontal forces BATTER PILE
One of a number of piles, interlocked with similar units, to form a barrier to retain soil or to
594 SHEET PILE
keep water out of foundation
A heavy square timber which is driven vertically downward to guide steel sheet piling; used
595 GUIDE PILE
for the construction of coffer dams, caissons
FLOOR SYSTEMS
596 A horizontal beam supporting a floor joist GIRDER
597 A wood member placed on top of the foundation wall in wood frame construction SILL
598 Any joist which carries a floor FLOOR JOIST

599 A short beam, joist or rafter supported by a wall at one end and by the header at the other TAILPIECE

600 A wood strip nailed to the lower side of a girder to provide a bearing surface for joist LEDGER STRIP
In concealed construction, a material or member which fills or seals the open construction to
601 DRAFTSTOP/ FIRESTOP
prevent or retard the spread of fire
602 A short transverse joist that supports the end of the cut-off joist at stairwell holes HEDGER
A beam joist or rafter supporting one end of a header at the edge of the opening in the floor
603 TRIMMER
or roof frame
STANDARD HOOKS
604 180-deg bend plus WHAT db extension but not less than 65mm at free end of bar 4db
605 90-deg bend plus WHAT db extension, at free end of bar 12db
FOR STIRRUPS AND TIE HOOKS
606 16mm bar and smaller, 90-deg bend plus WHAT extension at free end of bar 6db
607 20mm and 25mm bar, 90-deg bend plus WHAT extension at free end of bar 12db
608 25mm bar and smaller, 135-deg bend plus WHAT extension at free end of bar 6db
MINIMUM BEND DIAMETERS
Inside diameter of bend for stirrups and ties shall be less than WHAT for 16mm bar and
609 4db
smaller
For bar larger than 16mm are the following:
610 10mm to 25mm 6db
611 28mm to 32mm 8db
612 36mm 10db
SPACING LIMITS FOR REINFORCEMENT
613 Between parallel bars in a layer shall be WHAT db but not less than WHAT distance db; 25mm
614 Parallel layers two or more reinforcement, distance is not less than WHAT distance 25mm
In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced compression members, clear distance between
615 1.5db nor 40mm
longitudinal bars shall be not less than WHAT db nor WHAT SIZE
In walls and slabs other than joist, primary flexural reinforcement shall space not more than
616 3x or 450mm
WHAT TIMES the wall or slab thickness OF WHAT distance
MINIMUM SIZE OF FILLET AND PARTIAL PENETRATION WELDS
617 To 6 inclusive 3
618 Over 6 to 12 4.5
619 Over 12 to 20 6
620 Over 20 7.5
621 Over 40 to 60 9
622 Over 60 to 150 12
623 Over 150 16
Along edges of the material 6mm thick, not greater than the thickness of the material 6mm
624 thick or more; not greater than the thickness of the material minus WHAT LENGTH OF MINUS 1.5mm
FILLET WELDS
625 Minimum effective length of a fillet weld; not less than WHAT times the nominal size, 4x
626 or not exceed WHAT of its effective length ONE FOURTH or 1/4
The transverse spacing of longitudinal fillet welds used in end connections shallnot exceed
627 200mm
WHAT
628 The minimum amount of lap joint shall be WHAT times the thickness of the thinner 5x;25mm

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


629 part, but not less than WHAT 25mm
630 The effective length shall not be less than WHAT the weld size, with minimum of WHAT 4x;40mm
Size of fillet welds terminating at ends or sides; be returned continuously around the corners
631 2x
for a distance of not less than WHAT times the nominal size of the weld
ALUMINIZED BACKING &
632 Roof insulation under purlins TAPE G.I. STRAP LINER
G.I. TIE WAR
ALUMINIZED
633 Roof insulation over purlins BACKINGRUBBER
CEMENT (RUGBY)
634 Damp Proofing / Moisture Barrier ASPHALT
NON FLAMMABLE
635 Acoustical Installation ALUMINUM
1999 BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION
An alternative fastening material that can be used for metal on ceiling joist other than metal 3/16' x 1/2" ALUMINUM
636 BLIND RIVETS
screws
A masonry finish using pure cement mixed wit flexible synthetic latex based additive like
CEMENT TEXTURED
637 Plexibond to a tacky consistency then applied by an applicator roller to give a remarkable FINISH
finish
A paint defect that occurs on inferior brands where the paints contains soluble pigments thus
638 WRINKLING
softens and dissolves by water or by chemical after sufficient drying
What is the standard weight of a 25mm diameter hot rolled weldable deformed or plain steel
639 3.853 KILOS
bar per meter length
640 A recommended method of joint by steel deck manufacturers SEAM LOCK
641 It does not comprise in the tie rod system of a steel deck scaffold SWIVEL PIPE CLAMP
642 A paint defect by discoloration of coat caused by soluble color in the underlying surface BLEEDING
#16 EXPANDED METAL
643 Glass block reinforcement in a spaced of 7/16" gap to accept it and the binder LATH
MODULAR
644 System of measurement when utilising modular systems of construction and technology COORDINATION
MAIN/CROSS TEE AND
645 A wood ceiling joist substitute for drop ceiling usually made of aluminium or pre- WALL
ANGLE SUSPENSION
646 painted GI used to hang lightweight boards such as fiber glass boards SYSTEM
Used to install brick plaqueta on to a scratch coat of a masonry wall in an evenly distributed 3/4" THK CEMENT
647 GROUT
manner
What is the standard weight of a 16mm diameter hot rolled weldable deformed or plain steel
648 1.578 KILOS
bar per meter length
649 What is not a brand of ceramic tiles PIEDRA TILES
3/4" LAYER OF CEMENT
650 A ceramic tile is installed into a masonry wall over rough plaster by a uniform MORTAR
PRESTRESS CONCRETE
651 Floor system by Jackbuilt T-BEAM FLOOR SYSTEM
652 In lockset, this is the safest door lock recommended for main entry doors MORTISE LOCKSET
653 Wood end joint requiring tensile strength SCARF
654 Natural coating which brings the natural beauty of wood OIL WOOD STAIN
1/5 SIDE FORMS, 1/3
655 Coarse aggregates standard sizes DEPTH SLABS, 3/4
CLEAR SPACING
Mortise and tenon wood construction joint where tounge and grooves meet halfway making
656 BLIND AND STUB
the connection clean of joint traces
657 An accessory of tie rod scaffold system FORM CLAMP
UNIFORM 10mm
658 Installation of Piedra tiles over mortar bed THKCEMENT PLASTER
659 A door type used between a dining and kitchen to allow a server to see through VISION DOOR
Vertical location of a ground surface often used as a reference point with respect to the
660 BENCHMARK
vertical height
SCREW WITH
661 Method of fastening jamb to concrete or masonry EXPANSION PLUG
662 Not a wood parquet geometric design HEPTAGON

240/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A highly trained labor used to prepare rough to finish plastering, lay concrete hollow blocks,
663 FINISHING MASON
install tiles and pebble washout

A kind of masonry finish which utilise a chamfer wood block out, usually 1"x1" distance at 2" CURDOROY or TOOL
664 FINISH
o.c. which serves a s form when removes gives design line texture is added by chisel

665 A system of mass production and industrilisation by prefabrication of furniture and cabinets MODULAR SYSTEM

666 A type of glass use in constructing vision door which must be shutter proof to be accident free LAMINATED

A construction technique in color reproduction applying the Munsell color principle-


667 HUE SCALE
SECONDARY COLOR LIKE ORANGE TURN TO BE YELLOW
668 A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally PLAIN MITER
669 Steel window section for muntins Z-BAR
SHIMS, BEARING PLATE,
670 Basic parts of stressing anchor STRESSING WASHER,
BOTTOM PLATE
A hardener mixture mixed with marble dust to fill up the gap of marble slabs during installation
671 POLYMER
of floor or wall finishes
A bi-product of wood where waste wood boards are compressed finish on both sides with a
672 PLYBOARD
thin layer of wood, glued together
CROSS BRACE MUST BE
673 What is wrong with the installation of steel scaffold INSTALL IN OPPOSITE
DIRECTION
75mm WIDE PRESSURE
SENSITIVE ALUMINIZED
674 In air condittioning duct, what type of strap is used to insure that there is no air gap is left DUCT TAPE STRAP AT
600mm O.C.
WOOD LATHE MACHINE
675 Woodwork equipment to form the different wood mouldings for balusters and newel posts or TORNO
Method recommended by manufacturers to join the steel deck and the rebars Steel deck that
676 CONDECK
can be used for two slab
ALUMINUM PIPES &
CONDUITS AT R.C.
SHALL BE SECURED
677 It precludes good construction practice for pipes and conduits embedded in concrete NOT BY TIE WIRES BUT
MUST BE EFFECTIVELLY
COVERED

A construction technique in color reproduction applying the Munsell color principle-HAS A


678 CHROMA SCALE
DEGREE OF ITS COLORFULNESS or INTENSITY
679 A type of handless lockset key operated to give double security DEAD BOLT LOCK

INSTALL POLYETHELYNE
FOAM W/ ALUM. FOIL
BARRIER. ADHERE BY
680 A type of insulation recommended in air conditioning duct warp INDUSTRIAL ADHESIVE
TO GALVANIZED AIR
DUCT

REVERSE THE
To secure the steel purlins properly to the steel cleat considering the axial, torsion and shear
681 LOCATION OF THE "Z"
stresses present at the joint PURLINS
Minimum concrete cover for 20mm and larger for shell and folded plate members for cast in
682 20 mm
place
SPACE TO INSTALL
683 The purpose of inverted channel shape at bottom edge of metal door CONCEAL DOOR
CLOSER

684 Structural member in steel truss framing to counter act compression in roof PURLIN SAG RODS
1998 BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION
A concrete flooring and finish which transform ordinary plain concrete into an elegant STUCCO FLOORING
685 FINISH
decorative surface
686 Concrete hollow block laying ASINTADA

241/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


CARPETS Is made of inserting face yarns or tufts through premanufactured backing by used
687 TUFTED
of needles
Simplest type of all carpet weaves. Pile is form as loom loops over wires inserted across
688 VELVET
loom. Pile height is determined by height of wire inserted
The loom is highly specialized and nearly as versatile as hand weaving. Color combinations
689 AXMINSTER
and designs are limited only by the number of tufts in the carpet
The loom operates like a velvet loom, except that it has a Jacquard mechanism with up to six
690 WILTON
color frames
This process produces complete carpet by imbedding pile yarns and adhering backing to a
691 FUSHION
viscous vinyl face that hardens after the curing

The process resembles weaving in that the face and back are made simultaneously. Backing
692 KNITTED
and pile yarns are looped togeher with a stitching yarns with three sets of needles

A pretreatment of poured concrete such as wall, beams and column where a thin layer of
693 cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or masonry SCRATCH COAT
spoon on to the surface to give a tooth for excellent plaster adhesion
694 Local species of wood used for studding, cabinet and flush door framing TANGUILE
A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, POLYURETHANE FLOOR
695 COATING
maintenance free to finish and topcoat wood flooring
A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency of mortar mix is spray by
696 SANDBLASTING
mechanical or pneumatic means. It is left to dry to give rustic finish
Terrazo floor described by its physical appearance, the stone or pebble is intentionally
697 RUSTIC TERRAZO
exposed while the cement matrix is depressed
A type of window where the sash rotates 90 degrees to 180 degrees about the header or the
698 PIVOTED
sill or sides of the jamb
699 A door hinge at the left and the door leaf swings inside the room to the left LEFT HAND
A water mixed product, mixed to a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime activity in new masonry MASONRY
700 NEUTRALIZER
surface. Without this mixture will cause the subsequent painting to be defective
Indicates imperfect adhesion of the film to the surface, with the film getting strip off in
701 PEELING
relatively large pieces due to application on damp or greasy surface
702 A threaded rod instead of masonry construction for anchoring the sill plate to the foundation ANCHOR BOLT

The finish board immediately below a window sill. Also the part of the driveway that leads
703 APRON
directly into the garage
704 A series of arches supported by a row of columns ARCADE
A curved structure that will support itself by mutual pressure and the weight above its curved
705 ARCH
opening
A recessed area below grade around foundation to allow light and ventilation into a
706 AREAWAY
basement window or doorway
707 A facing of squared stones ASHLAR
A concrete flooring and finish which transform ordinary plain concrete into an elegant and
decorative trextured surface. This is by adding dust-on-color pigments to the concrete to give
708 IMPRESSO CRETE
a fast color and imprinted with a patented pattern and texture while the concrete is still plastic
to create the look and finish of stone, slate or brick
An installation method where the cabinet covers is recessed and flushed with the cabinet
709 INSET or INTERIOR
sidings
710 A type of wood end joint where both woods are cut at equal angles diagonally SCARF
A type of terrazo floor described by its physical appearance whereby the stone or pebble is
711 RUSTIC TERRAZO
intenionally exposed while the cement matrix is depressed
712 The most common type; relatively small chip sizes STANDARD TERRAZO
713 Larger chips with smaller chip filling the spaces between VENETIAN TERRAZO
Random fractured slab of marble up to approximately 15" greatest dimension 3/8 to 1" thk
714 PALLADIANA TERRAZO
with smaller chips filling the space
A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90deg to 180deg about the header and
715 PIVOTED
sill or about the side jambs
KEEP THE CEMENT
716 To prevent plaster from improper adhesion, the substrate must be rough end PLASTER
717 and the cement plaster should be.. AS THIN AS POSSIBLE
718 It is not a brand of house paint ICI DULUX

242/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


719 Type of joint used to install in the glass of a French window RABBET
An equipment uniformly distribute tile adhesive at the underside of the ceramic tile during
720 EDGE STRIP TROWEL
installation
A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow the natural
721 SMOKED GLASS
light only
is the act of excavating or filling an earth or any sound material or combination thereof in
722 GRADING
preparation for a finishing surface such as pavings
A floor finish commercially size 1"x1"x12" utilizing clay and fired in traditional manner making
723 VIGAN TILES
interesting and attractive rustic clay shade patterns
724 Standard distance measure from the center of the drain hole of a water closet to a finish wall 305 mm

725 A beam that supports smaller beams in floor system GIRDER BEAM
A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window opening
726 LINTEL BEAM
to bear the weight of the walls above the opening
727 Pre-construction of components as part of the whole PRE FABRICATION
728 Wood defects are heart shakes, cup shakes, star shakes KNOTS
729 Lumber that is not squared or finished UNDRESSED LUMBER
730 hinges on left; open inward LEFT HAND
731 hinges on right; open inward RIGHT HAND
732 hinges on left; open outward LEFT HAND REVERSE
733 hinges on right; open outward RIGHT HAND REVERSE
734 A wall jointly used by two parties under easement agreement Party Wall
Type hinge containing one or more springs, when a door is opened,
735 the hinge returns it to the open position automatically, may act in Spring hinge
one direction only, or in both directions.
A group of more-or-less transparent liquids which are used to
736 provide a protective surface coating at the same time they allow the Varnishes
original surface to show but add a lustrous and glossy finish to it
A soft mineral consisting of a hydrated calcium sulfate from which
737 gypsum plaster is made (by heating); colorless when pure used as a Gypsum
retarder in Portland cement.
738 Basic ingredient in clay Brick
A class of rock composed silica grains. Colors include gray, buff,
739 Sandstone
light brown and red
A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not
740 Dry Vent
exposed to back up waste from drainage pipe
A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air
741 between the drainage and vent system where the drainage system Relief Vent
might otherwise be air bound.
Written or printed description of work to be done describing the
742 Specification
qualities of materials and mode of construction.
743 Additional information contract documents Bid Bulletin
Given the span of the slab as 5.40 m of 18 ft. The depth of the
744 16 inches or .46 m
girder shall be __________.
Given the depth of the girder mentioned above, what shall be
745 9 inches o .23 m
the size of its breadth?
Space in a building without a basement, an unfinished accessible
746 space below the first floor which is usually less than a full story Crawl Space
height.
The ability of a material to fix itself and cling to an entirely
747 Adhesiveness
different material.
The ability of particles of a material to cling tightly to one
748 Cohesiveness
another.
749 Which of the following is not a nonferrous metal? Steel
A hard, brittle inorganic substance, ordinarily transparent or
750 translucent; produced by melting a mixture of silica, a flux and Glass
stabilizer.
Materials used to reduce or stop the penetration of moisture
751 Damproofers
through the concrete. Reduces permeability.

243/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

An admixture which is used to speed up the initial set of


752 concrete. Such a material maybe added to the mix to increase the Accelerators
rate of early-strength development for several reasons
A traditional building material, it is easily worked, has durability
and beauty. It has great ability to absorb shocks from sudden load. In
753 Wood
addition, has freedom from rust and corrosion, is comparatively light in weight, and is
adaptable to countless variety of purpose.
A mixture consisting of vehicles or binders, with or without
coloring pigments, adjusted and diluted with correct amounts and
754 types of additives and thinners, which when applied on a surface, Paint
forms as adherent continuous film which provides protection,
decoration, sanitation, identification and other functional properties.
Is a cellular framework of squared steel, concrete, or timber
755 members, assembled in layers at right angles, and filled with earth Cribbling
or stones.
756 Bigger than ceiling joist usually placed every 1.20m o.c. Ceiling rafters
Used for bearing walls of light buildings, the height usually
757 restricted to four stories. Structural load bearing wall tile are made Load bearing wall tile
in 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 in thickness.
What should be the maximum spacing of stirrups applied if the
758 8 inches
depth of the girder is 0.40 m?
A wall which separates two abutting living units as to resist the
759 Fire Block
spread of fire.
Measures the density of granular soils and the consistency of SPT Standard
760 Penetration Test
some clay.
Materials often added to the concrete or applied to the surface
761 Concrete Additives
of freshly placed concrete to produce some special result
Which of the following is not a Sheet Glass?
a. Picture Glass
762 b. Window Glass Insulating Glass
c. Heavy Sheet Glass
d. Insulating Glass
A door made up of small horizontal interlocking metal slats which
763 are guided in a track; the configuration coils about an overhead drum Roll-up door
which is housed at the head of the opening, either manual or motordriven.
764 The minimum length of splice needed for column. 60 cm
765 Minimum angle of inclination of an escalator 35 degree
Which are timber, steel, or pre-cast planks driven side by side to
766 Sheet piles
retain earth and prevent water from seeping into the exaction?
The main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch
767 Distribution Line
circuits are connected.
Are wooden sticks used as posts sharpened at once end driven
768 Brace or the Diagonal
into the ground to serve as boundaries?
769 Identify the miter joint
770 Identify which figure is a dado wood joint
771 Identify which figure is flemish (double stretcher) brickwork
772 Identify which figure is a dado wood joint
773 Identify which figure is a blind and sub-mortise and tenon joint
774 Identify which letter in the target is a valley jack rafter?
775 A roofing tile which has the shape of an S laid on its side is a pantile
That part of the building foundation which forms the permanent
776 foundation wall
retaining wall of the structure below grade is a
Joint employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement
777 control joints
of masonry walls are known as
A system of framing a building in which the studs are continuous
778 balloon framing
to roof supporting second floor joints is known as
Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a
779 tryolean finish
hand operated machine is

244/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A principal member of the truss which extends from one end to
780 chord
the other primarily to resist bending is a
781 A protein: the chief nitrogenous ingredient in milk is Casein
a composition of two or more metals fused together usually to
782 alloy
obtain a desired property
The horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the
783 Backset
center of the knob or lock cylinder
A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its
784 wrought iron
corrosion resistance and ductility is
785 The Filipino term for horizontal stud is Pabalagbag
786 The Filipino term for riser takip silipan
787 The Filipino term for collar plate is sinturon
788 The Filipino term for temper (metal work) poleva
789 The Filipino term for plumb line is hulog
790 A beam that projects beyond one or both its support cantiliver
791 A wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral parallel to the wallforces shear wall
Using stair tread-riser proportion formula RT = 75, given riser
792 equals 6 how many risers will there be between two floors 15..
having floor line to floor line distance of 7.8125 feet?
A modern method of installing wood parquet flooring on wooden
793 gluing/pasting
boards sub-flooring is by
The standard height of window sills for office rooms in upper
794 0.90 meters
floors is
The dimension of commercial acoustic boards for aluminum Trunners
795 24 x 48 x
used for dropped-ceiling in offices is
The total floor area 16 feet wide by 60 feet deep needs one inch
(1) x 4(commercial size) T & G flooring. Assuming that the
796 1,098 bf
available T & G is 1 x 4 x 16 and the effective width is 3.5 , the
total board feet needed is
In the design of a large shopping centers where space is required,
797 intervals of columns can be wider than the ordinary by adopting a post-tensioning
structural method of construction called
In the design of a large shopping centers where space is required,
798 intervals of columns can be wider than the ordinary by adopting a post-tensioning
structural method of construction called
providing building paper
Humidification and condensation in exterior walls can be
799 sheathing and space
minimized by filled
Heat gain through the structure of a habitable room occur in
800 tropical region at walls and roofs by conduction. This can be wood
minimized by the use of
glossy surfaced asphalt
801 A material used to remedy vapor flow saturated paper, 50 lbs or
more
Dry walls do not require appreciable amount of moisture and
802 lath and plaster
they are customarily finished with
Wallboards or plywood maybe applied over studs. They can also
803 furring
be applied over CHB masonry wall by using
To turn back water whenever joints occur in which dissimilar
804 flashing material
materials come together, it is necessary to provide
The part of a foundation system which supports the exterior
805 grade beam
walls of a superstructure and bears directly on the column footing is
A narrow strip of wood applied to cover a joint along the edges
806 batten
of two parallel boards in the same plane is a
807 The stressing of unbounded tendons after concrete has cured is post-tensioning
The boxing in of covering a joist, beam or girder to give the
808 beam blocking
appearance of a larger beam is known as
A system of framing a building on which floor joists of each
809 storey rest on the top plates of the storey below and the bearing western framing
walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey is known as

245/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Pressure exerted against the underground portion of a building
810 atmospheric pressure
created by the presence of water in the soil is known as
A window which projects outside the main line of a building and
811 the compartment in which it is located extends to the floor is known bay window
as
A form of brick bond in which each course is alternately
812 flemish bond
composed of entirely of headers or of stretchers is known as
A joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next
813 cold joint
batch of concrete is placed against it is
An iron alloy usually including carbon and silicon which has high
814 cast iron
compressive strength but low tensile strength is
815 The Filipino term for plastered course is kusturada
816 The Filipino term for bottom chord is estunyo
817 The Filipino term for purlin is reostra
818 M sopo
819 The Filipino term for top chord is tahilan
The capacity of a wall to hold moisture is important in the
1 thick V-cut wood
820 design of dwelling units. Select the best material which will boards
reduce moisture in a wall when used
Plaster or plywood ceiling on nailers or joists below a
821 ventilated roof space may show pattern staining on the adequate insulation
ceiling. This can be prevented by
Heat gain through the walls in buildings exposed to combination of wood
822 afternoon sun intensifies discomfort of inhabitants because of boards and plywood with
conductivity. However, this can be minimized by the use of cavity between

Sound or noise between bedrooms may be reduced by using double wall plywood on
horizontal and vertical
823 less expensive materials with the application of construction studs with
techniques absorbents
The staircase of a house has a total run of 3 meters and a
824 total rise of 2.16 meters, the tread width is 11 inches and riser 3.69 meters
is 7 7/8, therefore, the stringer length is
825 Dry walls are customarily finished with lath and plaster
The riser of a stair is 6 inches. What is the run using
826 12.2247 inches
formula R/T = tan (R-3) x 8 degrees
One method of leveling batterboards without the transit is plastic hose filled
827 with water
the use of
A manual method of squaring the corners of a building 3-4-5 multiples with the
828 use of steel tape measure
lines in building layout, is the use of

When dry conditions are demanded of asphalt tile floor felt paper below sub-slab
829 finishes on concrete over earth, apply the waterproofing (WP) then WP on top of the
steps sub-slab
Due to temperature effects in materials, concrete walls,
830 slabs of long buildings, new buildings adjoining existing expansion joints
buildings should be provided with
A typical block or panel type insulating material used in
831 corkboard
flat roof of commercial or industrial building
What is the height of the RC curtain wall surrounding a
water tank located at the penthouse whose capacity is 5000
832 U.S. gallons. The diameter of the tank is 2.5 meters (I.D.) and 4.16 meters
freeboard of 0.30 meters. The wall shall be as high as the water
tank.
Select the grouping one subject of which is a criterion used columns, splices,
833 materials, lot
by architects in planning and design of buildings
Select the grouping one subject of which is a criterion used columns, splices,
834 materials, lot
by architects in planning and design of buildings
Narrow, high ceiling spaces where ceiling area is small
835 compared to wall area, will normally require acoustical ceiling only
treatment of the

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PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

A ferrous metal that offers great resistance to abrassion and


836 finds important use in the cutting edges of heavy digging tools nickel steel
is a
A building stone of igneous origin and composed of quartz,
837 serpentine
hornblende and mica is a
A form of brick bond in which the course consists of
838 flemish bond
alternate stretchers and headers in known as
A system of framing a building on which floor joist of each
storey rests on the top plates of the storey below and the
839 western framing
bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey
is known as
840 The Filipino term for rabbet vaciada
841 The Filipino term for projection is bolada
Given a riser equals six inches and using the stair treadriser
842 proportion formula 2R + T = 25, how many risers will 18 risers
there be between two levels having a vertical distance of 9-0
A geological or ground condition considered in determining
843 soil bearing pressure
the size and type of foundation of the building
These are materials excellent as vapor barrier in the roofing
844 aluminum foil sheets
system of residential buildings
reinforced concrete and
845 The chief structural materials, used for tall buildings are high grade steel
These are classified as good and less expensive insulating porous concrete, glass
846 fibers, guilt materials
materials used in buildings
This is a material that holds less moisture, is very light, less
asbestos-cement
847 water absorptive capacity and is very good in sidings of shingles
dwelling units
The toilet bathroom floor finish is designed to be at least
one inch below the bedroom floor finish. What should be the
vertical distance between the bedroom floor finish and the top
line of the 2 x 6 yacal floor joists which carry the toilet bath
848 6 inches
floor system assuming that thick mosaic vitrified tiles will be used in the toilet bathroom on
4 RC slab with membrane
waterproofing, using standard acceptable measurement of
materials for residential houses

A Howe Truss is being considered to support the roofing


system of a residential building. The pitch of the truss is 1
849 vertical 3 horizontal. What is the total length of the top chord, if 7.906 meters
the span of truss is 12 meters and the eave is 1.5 meters
horizontally?
850 The finished frame surrounding a door is a door jamb
A door lock with a spring bolt controlled by one or both
851 knob bolt
knobs and dead bolt controlled by a key is a
A door consisting of two separate leaves, one above the
852 dutch door
other, this leaves may operate independently or together is a
A joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or
853 lap seam
plated and joining them by riveting, soldering or brazing is a
A joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or
854 lap seam
plated and joining them by riveting, soldering or brazing is a
A clay roofing tile approximately semi cylindrical in shape
855 laid in courses with units having their convex side alternately mission tile
up and down is a
The part of a foundation system which supports the exterior
856 grade beam
wall of the super structure and bears directly on the column footing is a
857 The wall of Intramuros is fortification
858 The Filipino term for rafter is kilo
859 The Filipino term for baseboard is rodapis
A climatic factor that is considered in the structural and
860 lightning
architectural design of tall buildings

247/471
PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


This is a ground condition that determines the size, type
861 soil bearing pressure
and shape of the building footing/foundation
What is the height of a curtain wall for a downfeed water
tank at the deck roof with 60,000 gallons capacity and diameter
862 3.513 meters
of 3 meters, freeboard of 0.30 meters, shall be as high as the
water tank

Select the grouping one subject of which is a general concrete, steel and wood,
863 type of floor finish
criterion used by architects in planning and design of buildings
The most common materials used for roofing of urban
864 G.I. sheets
residential houses
For very large roof spans (for auditoria, transport buildings, space frames, light steel
865 skeleton structures
exhibition halls) of over 150 ft these structures are suggested economical solutions

Rise is the vertical distance between the upper surface of


866 two consecutive steps. The horizontal distance between the going
nosing of two consecutive steps is the
Noise inside the building is o two kinds, namely, airborne
noise and impact noise . Insulation must be provided against double wall on 2 x 4
867 studs
both of these by internal walls and floors. Examples of better
sound insulation are
When the soil beneath the building is not exceptionally
well drained and it is necessary to exclude dampness, the best
868 pitch or bituminous felt
material to be used which is installed beneath the concrete slab
is
This material holds less moisture, is very light with less
asbestos cement
869 absorptive capacity and is very good in exterior sidings of residential shingles
houses in tropical regions
870 Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing is 2 corr.
A continuous recess built into a wall to receive pipes, ducts,
871 chase
etc. is called
872 A twisting force is torsion
A barrier or diaphragm formed to prevent the movement of soil
873 sheet piling
to stabilize foundation, etc. is
874 The term stone-cut refers to a wood siding
875 Wood with metal cladding is called kalamein
876 The Filipino term for floor joist is soleras
877 The Filipino term for bottom chord is tirante
Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and
878 AA
columns is
879 Chord splice connectors for trusses is split-ring
880 A vertical line check uses a plumb bob
A specialized fastener used to pull on to hold mitered joints
881 clamp nail
together is
882 Most waterproofed type of mortar joints for wall is weathered
Rafters laid diagonally from corner of a plate or girts to the
883 hip rafter
ridge
The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and
884 batter boards
excavation lines are called
Columns in which a concrete core is reinforced with a steel or
885 composite
cast-iron core designed to support a part of load is
886 The Filipino term for ceiling joist is kostilyahe
887 The Filipino term for concrete beam is biga
Instrument or tool capable of vertical and horizontal line check
888 spirit level
is called
The vertical and horizontal surface is reinforced concrete where
889 construction joint
concreting was stopped and continued later is called
890 A twisting force is torsion
A continuous recess built into a wall to receive pipes, ducts,
891 chase
etc. is called

248/471
PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


It is a special type of plate girder consisting of tees, angles and
892 hybrid girder
multiple web
When the ratio of short span to the long span of a slab is less
893 one-way slab
than 0.50, slab is a
Longitudinal beams which rest on the top chord and preferably
894 purlins
at the joints of the truss
A three-dimensional structural system without bearing walls
composed of interconnected laterally supported so as to function as
895 space frame
a complete self-contained unit with or without the aids of horizontal
diaphragms or floor-bracing system
A three-dimensional structural system without bearing walls
composed of interconnected laterally supported so as to function as
896 space frame
a complete self-contained unit with or without the aids of horizontal
diaphragms or floor-bracing system
897 Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance of 15 mm
It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the
898 shear wall
wall
The section of which the moment changes from positive to
899 inflection point
negative is called
900 What is the appropriate painting material type for wood surfaces? zinc chromate
Commercially made corrugated G.I. sheets, of gauge 26, having
901 aluminum coating
standard corrugation are coated both sides with
902 Wood flooring finishing material 7 & 6 wood planks
What hardware/material is needed to fasten an asphalt strip
903 staple wire
roof shingle on wooden sheets/planks?
The time required for the removal of a form works of a concrete
904 24 hours
footing
905 Wall partition wooden framing is called studs
How many corrugation is required as the minimum side lap of an
906 1
ordinary standard G.I. sheet roofing?
907 What is the appropriate paint material for G.I. sheet roofing? acrylic latex type
The paint finishing material of long-span pre-painted roofing
908 acrylic paint
sheet is
What hardware/material is needed to fasten corrugated
909 L hook bolt
asbestos cement roofing sheet on a steel purlin
A common paint film defect where progressive powdering from
910 chalking
the surface inward occurs. It is called
A joint where two successive placement of concrete meet is
911 construction joint
called
A wall which supports vertical loads in addition to its weight
912 without the benefit of a complete vertical load carrying space frame bearing wall
is called
913 A type of concrete floor which has no beam is called flat slab
the slab is being
914 A one-way concrete slab are used when supported by two parallel
beams
tool used for guiding and
testing the work to a
915 Level tool is a vertical and
horizontal position
tool for testing and for
916 Steel square is a framing work
917 The vertical surface on face of a stair step is called riser
918 Tin shear is a masonry tool
919 Auger bit is part of bearing tool
The complete records of test conduction (slump, compression
test, etc.) shall be preserved and made available for inspection
920 2 years
during the progress of construction and after completion of the
projects for a period of not less than

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


not less than 1 thick x 4
921 Wood board should have a thickness specification of and up wide
922 Wood plank is a piece of lumber that is 2 to 5 thick
The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight is
923 run
called
A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make
924 portable hand router
smooth cutting and curving on solid wood is called
The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system is
925 girder
called
926 Wood defects are heart shake, cup shake, star shake and knots
smoothed or planed
927 Dressed lumber is referred to lumber
928 The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw is cross-cut
Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead
929 load bearing walls
weight
It refers to the occupancy load which either partially or fully in
930 live load
place or may not be present at all is called
The distance between inflection point in the column when it
931 effective length
breaks is called
932 The amount of space measured in cubic units volume
An expansion joints adjacent parts of a structure to permit
933 contraction joint
expected movements between them is called
To find the volume of water in a cylindrical tank, multiply the
934 height
area of its base by its
The most important component to determine the strength of a
935 cement
concrete mix is
936 A beam that projects beyond one or both its support is called cantilever beam
937 Jack rafter is used for hip roof support
938 The total of all the tread widths in a stair is called total run
939 The face or front elevation of a building faade
A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a
940 sump
pump is placed to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe
941 pre-construction of components as a part of a whole refers to Pre fabrication
942 An opening in the roof for admitting light is called skylight
Wood coming out from trees with needle leaves, rather than
943 softwood
broad leaves are called
944 firebrick
The building frame construction system that uses one piece
945 balloon framing
structural stud from the foundation to the roof
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be
946 plastered to act as guide and support for finish trim around openings plaster ground
and near the base of the wall
947 The distance between two structural supports span
948 The scientific name for wood is XYLEM
In designing a stair, to find the height of the riser, divide the
949 risers
height of the stair by the number of
950 A kind of roof that has four sloping sides hip roof
951 Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion rip-rap
952 A tough used for carrying off water moat
The process of removing concrete forms from the cured
953 stripping
concrete
A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting
954 purlin
rafters
A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for
955 anchor bolt
securing wood or metal plates to concrete construction
A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the
956 top of door or window opening to bear the weight of the walls above lintel
the opening
957 The placing of glass in windows or doors glazing

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PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A rejected building material because of its below standard
958 cult
grade is called
959 Another word for handmill on a stair construction banister
960 A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials lap joint

lumber that still contains


961 Green lumber is moisture or sap

The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof is


962 valley
called
A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is a part
963 facia
of the cornice
964 A large heavy nail is referred to as spike
In designing a stair, to find the number of riser divide the
965 risers
height of the stair by the height of each
Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to
966 caisson
be done
vertical and horizontal
wood sticks and lumber
used to
Stakes and batter board in a construction layouting procedure
967 determine the elevation
refers to and ditances of the
reference points of the
proposed building

968 Lumber specification S4S means smooth on four sides


The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a
969 chord
roof or bridge truss
970 Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2 laid over a concrete slab floor wood saddle
Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent
971 45
blade set at
972 A wall that holds back on earth embankment retaining wall
973 In structural steel section joints, it is recommended NOT to use oxy/acetyline welding
A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party
974 common wall
wall
975 Pertaining to a material description that resembles glass alabaster
To allow concrete to dry by keeping it moist to attain maximum
976 stabilize
strength
The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset
977 escutcheon
keyhole
The material used for the process of making watertight the roof
978 flashing
intersection and other exposed areas on the exterior of a building
vertical space in a building intended for ducts, pipes, wire and
979 chase
cables
The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the
980 formworks
building
981 The zig-zag rule is a carpenter measuring tool

wedge-shaped stone of
982 Keystone is an arch
a fireproof door with
983 Kalomein door is metal covering
984 Lumber that is not squared or finished milled lumber
90 degree bend plus 12
How is a 90 degree bend standard hook for concrete
985 db extension, at free end
reinforcement constructed of bar

Surface in contact with


the bolt head and nut
Good high-strength-bolted connection for steel should have the shall have a
986 following physical characteristic for good workmanship. Which of the following listed is NOT slope of not more than
ideal? 1:10 with respect to a
plane normal to the
bolt axis

251/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


What are piles at an inclination to resist forces that are not
987 batter piles
critical?

group of parallel
reinforcing bars bundled
988 Which of the following criteria for bundle bars, do NOT apply? in contact to act as
a unit shall be limited to
three in any one bundle

What is a concrete beam placed directly on the ground to


989 grade beam
provide foundation for the superstructure?
What is a round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry
990 use to hold down machinery, steel columns or beams, casting, shoes, foundation bolts
beams plates and engine heads?
A concrete flooring and finish which transforms ordinary plain
concrete into an elegant and decorative textured surface. This is
done by adding dust-on-color pigments to the concrete to give a fast
991 stucco floor finish
color and imprinted with a patented pattern and texture while the
concrete is still plastic to create the look and finish of stone, slate
or brick
992 Vernacular term for Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) laying asintada
An installation method where the cabinet covers is recessed and
993 inset or interior
flushed with the cabinet sidings
Type of carpet weave important for an architect/designer to
know to guide him as to what type of construction and specification
994 should he recommend. What simplest type of fiber carpet weaving velvet
where pile forms as the wrap yarns loop over removable wires
inserted consecutively across the loom?
A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and
columns where a thin layer of lean cement grout mixed with flexible
995 scratch coat
base additives is splattered by tampico brush or masonry spoon to
the surface to give a tooth for excellent plaster adhesion
Local species of wood commonly used for wall studding, cabinet
framing, and flush door framing, though scarcely available in the
996 mahogany
market now due to forestry ban. This type of species is due to
cheaper cost than the other listed below
A special coating system with a high gloss shine while
polyurethane floor
997 maintaining the natural wood qualities, maintenance free, used to coating
finish and topcoat wood flooring
A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency
998 mortar mix is sprayed by mechanical or pneumatic means. The sandblast
sprayed cement is left to dry and give a rustic finish. Optional paint coat maybe required
25% of scaffoldings can
What criterion conforms to good construction practice for the be removed at slab area
earliest time to remove scaffolding for concrete flooring other than after 14 days
999 and 100% of scaffolds
early-strength concrete if no anticipated load is expected over
poured floor? after 21 days after
pouring

A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal
1000 scarf
angles diagonally
When utilizing knock-down modular system of cabinets and standard sizes, shapes
1001 and forms
furniture, an end user is constrain of using:
A type of terazzo floor described by its physical appearance
1002 whereby the stone or pebble is intentionally exposed while the standard terazzo
cement matrix is depressed
concrete shall be carried
on at such a rate that
Which of the following concrete handling criterion impairs the concrete is at
1003 all times plastic and
quality of concrete?
flows readily into space
between reinforcement

252/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES
OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90 degrees
1004 pivoted
to 180 degrees about the header and sill or about the side jamb
To prevent cement plaster from improper adhesion, the keep the cement plaster
1005 as thin as possible
substrate must be roughened while observing the following:
A type of hands of door where the hinge is at the left and the
1006 left hand
door leaf swings inside the room to the left
What type of joint is used to install a glass into a lite of a
1007 rabbet
French window?
An equipment to uniformly distribute tile adhesive at the
1008 notch trowel
underside of a ________ tile during installation
A water-mixed product mixed to a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime
1009 activity in new masonry surface. Without preparing the surface with masonry neutralizer
this mixture will cause the subsequent painting to be defective
A paint defect which indicates imperfect adhesion of paint to
1010 the surface, with the film getting stripped off in a relatively large peeling
pieces due to application on damp or greasy surface
A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door
1011 figured wired glass
with glass to allow natural light only
1012 Vernacular term for rough plastering rebokada

Course aggregates shall


Aggregates should conform to PNS or ASTM standards and must be no larger than the
be well graded, easy workability and method of consolidated are minimum
clear spacing between
1013 such that the concrete can be poured without honeycomb or voids. individual reinforcing
What is the nominal maximum size of a course aggregate when bars or wires, bundles of
working spaces between reinforcements for proper bonding> bars, or prestressing
tendons or ducts

What is the minimum concrete cover for primary reinforcement


db but not less than 30
1014 of beams and columns not exposed to earth or weather for precast mm
manufactured under plant control conditions?
What is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound
1015 material or combination thereof, in preparation for a finishing grading
surface such as paving?
A floor finish commercially size 1 x 12 x 12 utilizing clay and
fired in traditional manner making interesting and attractive rustic
1016 vigan tiles
clay shade patterns. Because of the rustic effect the floor is finished
rough and simply adhere by cement with some irregularities
What is a steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand,
1017 tendon
or a bundle of such elements, used to impart prestress to concrete?
1018 An admixture which is used to speed up the initial set of concrete Accelerators
Class of rock changed from their original structure by the action of extreme pressure,heat, or
1019 combination of these forces. Igneous

A soft mineral consisting of a hydrated calcium sulfate from which gypsum plaster is made;
1020 Gypsum
colorless when pure used as a retarder in Portland cement
Is a traditional building material, easily worked, has durability and beauty has great ability to
1021 absorb shocks from sudden load. It is rust and corrosion proof. Wood

A method of drying lumber where it is strip-piled at a slope on a solid foundation. This allows
1022 air to circulate around every place while the sloping allows water to run off quickly. Air Drying

Term used to describe a wooden member built up of several layers of wood whose grain
1023 directions are all substantially parallel Glue Laminated Timber

It is made by bonding together thin layers of wood in a way that the grain of each layer is at
1024 right angles to the grain of each adjacent layer. Plywood

253/471
PREPARED BY:
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


1025 In masonry, a joint or interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar or cement Joint Filler
A joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete is placed
1026 against it. Cold joint

1027 A three-pieced rigid structural frame in the shape of the upright capital letter `A A-Frame
To provide a hard, non-corrosive, electrolytic, oxide film on the surface of a metal, particularly
1028 aluminum, by electrolytic action. Galvanize

1029 Squared building stone Ashlar


1030 Usually the lowest storey of a building, either partly or entirely below grade. Cellar
A slight convex curvature built into a truss or beam to compensate for any anticipated
1031 deflection so that it will have no sag when under load Camber

A mixture of water and any finely divided insoluble material such as clay or Portland cement
1032 and water Cement Paste

1033 A brace or any piece of a frame which resists thrusts in the direction of its own length Brace, Diagonal
1034 A process for preserving wood by impregnating the cell with creosote under pressure Boliden salt process
That part of the building, the ceiling of which is entirely below or less than 4 feet above
1035 grade Cellar

What is the protective plate surrounding the keyhole


1036 escutcheon
of a door
1037 A type of bolt used to fasten upper and lower door cremone bolt
A type of catches for closing of cabinet doors in
place. A fastener which holds a door in place by
1038 bullet catch
means of a projecting spring actuated steel hall
which is depressed when the door is closed
For finishing accessories, what is the term for a hand
1039 grip installed in a shower, which may be used in grab bar
steadying or support ones self.
For finishing accessories, a device attached above
1040 spring door closer
screen door as automatic door closer.
A type of tape used in finishing joints between
1041 perforated tape
gypsum board.
A threaded bolt having a straight shank and a
1042 conventional head such as square, hexagonal, machine bolt
button or countersank.
It is a type of thermal insulation and it is made from
1043 fibrous materials such as mineral wool, wood fiber, blanket insulation
cotton fiber, or animal hair.
For the soil method of testing, it is a boring with
standard penetration tests can give indication of the
1044 bearing capacity of the soil by the number of blows test boring
of a standard driving hammer required to advance a
sampling tube into the soil by a fixed amount.
For the soil type classification, if the particle of soil
1045 Cobble
takes the whole hand to lift it is called.
1046 For Construction tagalong term for Fascia board is senepa
For brick work construction.what brick work with
1047 English Bond
alternate courses of headers and stretchers.
For control of concrete mix. It is prepared when
freshly mixed concrete and filled in the cone with
1048 Slump test
three equal layers. Being tamped and rodded 25
times with a standard 5/8 bullet nosed rod.
A type of wall in construction that laterally braced
1049 that bears against an earth or other fill surface and retaining wall
resists lateral and other forces.

254/471
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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

It has been proven in construction that


_____________has durability and beauty. It has a
1050 great ability to absorb shocks from sudden load and Wood
light in weight which adaptable in a countless variety
of purposes.
In construction, it is a mixture of cement, sand and
1051 water, used for laying brick or masonry. It is too mortar
weak to be used by itself as a material for building.
In history of masonry,____________were apparently
first used around 3500 B.C. by the people who lived
1052 bricks
in the flat, low laying plain between Tigris and
Eupharates rivers in what called now Iraq.
A valve controlling the flow of water or gas from
1053 Corporation stop
main to a service pipe. Also called corporation cock.
A shieve like device for mixing air with the water
1054 Aerator
flowing from the end of the spigot.
Any of a class of thermoplastics characterized by
extreme toughness, strength and elasticity and
1055 nylon
capable of being extruded into filaments, fibers, and
sheets.

1056 These lower the freezing point of paint to avoid the posibility of the paint freezing in storage. Stabilizers

These are chemicals which cause the latex particles in water-thinned paints to pack together
1057 to form a uniform film Coalesting agents
during the time that the water is evaporating away from the surface.
These are silicon oils or fatty acid esters which help to keep the white hiding pigments and
1058 Anti-flooding Agents
color particles from separating from each others.
Liso galvanisado
1059 Tagalog term for "Corrugated G.I. sheet" Kanallado
1060 English term for " Sinturon" Collar plate
1061 A roofing tile which has the shape of an S laid on its side is a French Tile
A principal member of the truss which extends from one end to the other primarily to resist
1062 Chord
bending is a
1063 A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility is Wrough Iron

It is a timber that most widely used for wharf and bridge construction, ships, posts, foundation
1064 sills, railroad tiles and Bansalagin
other construction where strength and durability is required.
A Portland cement concrete to which chemical foam is added to generate gases in the
1065 process of deposition, Aerocrete
resulting in lightweight pre-cast or shop-made unit in both hallow and solid forms.
It is consist of a topping with a mixture of 1 part cement, 1 part sand and 1 part finely crushed
1066 Granolithic finish
stone. (
Equipment for Measure and Control Instrument for measuring the thickness of paint films and
1067 that is calibrated with a nonferrous metal reference gauge, of a thickness close to the film to Magnetic Gauge
be measured.
A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light
1068 Figured wired glass
only
1069 Which caps the end of rafters outside a building, which can be used to hold the rain gutter. Fascia board

An opening carried out or fitted in a work allowing the passage of a person in order to be able
1070 Manhole
to reach at some parts of this work. This opening is generally closed by an inspection cover.

A construction carried out by juxtaposition of elementary solid materials such as bricks, quarry
stones, ashlars, concrete blocks, etc., constituting a set of given shapes and sizes and mostly
1071 Masonry
bonded between them by a binder,By extension, this word also points to the works made of
not reinforced concrete.

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OCT. 2010

BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

These are hollow units as opposed to bricks which is solid. They are made from the same
1072 Materials as brick, but all Structural tile
are formed by extrusion in the stiff-mud process.
A hard Board made from relatively small materials. The materials are graduated from coarse
at the center of the
1073 board to fine at the surface to help produce a product with smooth dense surface. Both faces Particle board
are sanded. Uses are
floor underlay and selvings common as a base for wood veneers, plastic laminates.
1074 Filipino Term for "Ridge Roll" Palupo
is that part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood, to create furniture,
structures, toys, and
1075 Joinery
other items. Some wood joints employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use
only wood elements.
1076 Filipino Term for "Terrace" Asotea

Two thicknesses of paper laminated together with a film of asphalt. Two kinds of paper is
1077 used-one is a kraft paper. Vapor barrier
The other, a mixture of ground wood pulps. Treated by the sulfate and the kraft methods.

In general finishes, what do you call the finishing process applied to fabrics for the purpose of
1078 gassing
removing fuzz of protruding fibers?
is the process of closing the weave and creating a heavy and compact
1079 beetling
appearance
1080 is a finish applied to wool fabrics, it is a pre-shrinking process fulling
In special finishes, what do you call the finish that is given to loosely constructed fabric or
1081 slip-resistant finish
fabric with low thread count?
is a mechanical finish of subjecting the surface of a fabric to a brushing
1082 napping
process to raise the fiber ends
is a chemical treatment designed to make a fabric bacteria
1083 antiseptic finish
resistant
also known as wash and wear, it dries smoothly and need a little
1084 drip-dry finish
or no ironing after washing
In fabric design, it is a kind of applied design in which the block is pressed down firmly by
1085 block printing
hand on the fabric until the color and design are transferred.
is method of fabric painting in which the design is cut on a
1086 stencil painting
cardboard wood or metal then color is applied, penetrating only the cut portions
is a machine counterpart of block printing, designs are engraved
1087 roller printing
on rollers
is another method of fabric design wherein the color is
1088 discharge printing
removed from the fabric using chemicals, thus, creating design
It is a kind of shade that consist of two rows of lightweight fabric seamed to fall into deep
1089 Austrian shades
scallops.
have smaller pleats and are usually made of a heavy
1090 honeycombed shades
polyester fabric
are factory manufactured and can be insulated, also called
1091 pleated fabric shades
accordion shades
have a flat surface when extended down, drawn upward by a cord
1092 roman shades
and the surface overlaps in horizontal folds
1093 What do you call the horizontal bars separating the glass pane? mullions
1094 is the wide molding covering the casing and the framing frame
1095 are the vertical bars separating the glass pane muntins
Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in
1096 Rigid Board Insulation
drywall construction
During elevator emergency, to rescue passengers,
1097 this part of the elevator is used to open the doors from the Outside Door Latch
outside.
A device which extends across at least 1/2 the width
1098 Panic Bar
of each door leaf which will open if subjected to pressure.
The following are examples of pre-fabricated acoustical units
1099 Hardwood panel
except ______.

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BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER


Which material would effectively reduce reflected noise and Melamine foam linear
1100 wedges
reverberation time to produce safe and enjoyable surrounding?
This acoustical material is manufactured from rock wool, glass
1101 fibers, wood fibers, hair felt, etc. generally installed on wood or Acoustical tile
metal framing system.
Acoustical cotton fiber composite board is manufactured using
1102 Bonded acoustical panel
BAP. What does BAP stand for?
A type of gypsum board available in 1 1/2 inches or 5/8 inch
1103 thickness and has improved fire resistance through the use of fibers Type x
mixed with gypsum core.
Any of a variety of soft floor finishes made of synthetic materials
such as nylon or natural material such as wool. It is either glued
1104 Carpet
directly to the floor or installed over an underlayment of hair felt or
foam rubber. What is it?

Which of the following is a violation of all the provisionsWhich of the following is a violation of
all the provisions in the
mechanical code on elevator design and installation?
a. 30mm is the diameter of hoisting and counterweight cables 3 ropes are required for
1105 traction type elevator
b. 600mm is the depth of elevator pit measured from the bottom of
pit to the underside of the car platform
c. 3 ropes are required for traction type elevator
d. 4 ropes are required for drum type elevator

Pyramid is a type of commercially produced acoustical tile.


Which of the following is not a characteristic of this material?
a. Made of open celled polyurethane acoustical foam
1106 Tetrahedral in shape
b. Available in 2,3, & 4inch thickness
c. Tetrahedral in shape
d. Ideal for audio room application
Which material would exhibit the highest sound absorption
1107 carpet
coefficient (SAC) value?
These consist of loose fibers or granules and is made from
cellulose, fiberglass, rock wool, cotton or other materials. These
1108 Loose fill insulations
materials come in bags and are usually blown into cavities using
special equipment. What are these?
Copper as a conductor has the property/properties of being ____.
1109 a. Ductile A and b
b. Malleable
What are the property(ies) of concrete as an acoustical material
are/is important?
a. Aerated concrete is fairly absorptive
1110 All of the above
b. Concrete provides virtually no absorption
c. Concrete accepts and transmits impact sound
d. All of the above
A roofing tile which has the shape of an S laid on its side is a
1111 Pantile

That part of the building foundation which forms the permanent retaining wall of the structure
1112 below grade is a Foundation Wall

Joint employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement of masonry walls are known
1113 as Control Joints

A system of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to roof supporting second
1114 floor joints is known as Baloon Framing

A system of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to roof supporting second
1115 floor joints is known as Tyrolean Finish

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BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

A principal member of the truss which extends from one end to the other primarily to resist
1116 bending is a Chord

A protein: the chief nitrogenous ingredient in milk is


1117 Casein

a composition of two or more metals fused together usually to obtain a desired property
1118 Alloy

The horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the knob or lock
1119 cylinder Backset

A commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility is
1120 Wrought Iron

The Filipino term for horizontal stud is


1121 Pabalagbag

The Filipino term for riser


1122 Takip silipan

The Filipino term for collar plate is


1123 Sinturon

The Filipino term for temper (metal work)


1124 Poleva

The Filipino term for plumb line is


1125 Hulog

A beam that projects beyond one or both its support


1126 Cantilever

A wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the wall
1127 Shear

Using stair tread-riser proportion formula RT = 75, given riser equals 6 how many risers
1128 will there be between two floors having floor line to floor line distance of 7.8125 feet? 15

A modern method of installing wood parquet flooring on wooden boards sub-flooring is by


1129 gluing/ pasting

The standard height of window sills for office rooms in upper floors is
1130 0.90 m.

The dimension of commercial acoustic boards for aluminum T-runners used for dropped-
1131 ceiling in offices is 24"x48"x1/2"

The total floor area 16 feet wide by 60 feet deep needs one inch (1) x 4(commercial size) T
& G flooring. Assuming that the available T & G is 1 x 4 x 16 and the effective width is 3.5 ,
1132 1098 bf
the total board feet needed is

In the design of a large shopping centers where space is required, intervals of columns can
1133 be wider than the ordinary by adopting a structural method of construction called Post tensioning

Heat gain through the structure of a habitable room occur in tropical region at walls and roofs
1134 by conduction. This can be minimized by the use of Wood

Dry walls do not require appreciable amount of moisture and they are customarily finished
1135 with lath & plaster

Wallboards or plywood maybe applied over studs. They can also be applied over CHB
1136 masonry wall by using furrings

To turn back water whenever joints occur in which dissimilar materials come together, it is
1137 necessary to provide Flashing material

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BLDG. CONSTRUCTION REVIEWER

The part of a foundation system which supports the exterior walls of a superstructure and
1138 bears directly on the column footing is a Grade Beam

** 6 to 8 - distances of nails
1139 ** Every 4 - distances of rivet at ridge roll for roofing notes

1140

1141

1142

1143

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1177

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1189

1190

1191

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1199

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THEORY / PLANNING REVIEWER

1 These constituted the barriers to migration since the earliest periods of civilization
(mountains; deserts; seas) Geography

2 Visible architecture is composed of:


Volume & Depth

3 A plane extended in a direction other than its intrinsic direction. Conceptually it has three
dimensions: length, width and depth. Volume

4 Primary shapes that can be extended or rotated to generate volume whose forms are
distinct, regular and easily recognizable Platonic Solids

5 One of four basic possibilities for two forms to group together. This requires that the two

forms be relatively close to each other or share a common visual trait. Face to face contact

6 Defined geometrically as a line that is divided such that the lesser portion is to the greater
Golden section
as the greater is to be the whole.
7 One type of cues used in depth perception where in one object appears to cut off the view
of another Juxtaposition

8 Is the primary identifying characteristic of a volume. It is determined by the shapes and


interrelationships of the planes that describe the boundaries of volume Form

9 Is the attribute that most clearly distinguishes a form from its environment. Color

10 It is a comparison showing differences, the opposite of similarity. Contrast

11 The most important kind of character in architecture is that which result from the purpose
of the building or reason of erection. personal character

12 Most elementary means of organizing forms and spaces in architecture. Balance

13 Characterized by an arrangement where all the part radiate from a center like the spikes
in a wheel. Centralized

14 It means equality Balance

15 It gives a feeling of grandeur, dignity and monumentality. Scale

16 When lines, planes, and surface treatments are repeated in a regular sequence. Rhythm

17 A kind of character that came from the influence of ideas and impressions related to or
growing out of past experience. Assoc. Character

18 It is evident by a comparison which the eye makes between the size, shape and tone of a
various object or part of a competition. proportion

19 Deals with the relationship between the different parts of the whole to the various parts.
balance

20 It bears a certain relation to the same attribute to the life of an individual.


personal char.

21 These systems are based on the dimension and proportion of the human body. anthropomorphic
proportion
22 The size and proportion of an element appear to have relative to other elements of known
or assumed size. visual scale

23 Kind of rhythm where equally spaced windows are introduced on the broken wall, then
regular repetition is presented. unaccented rhythm

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24 The size of a building element or space relative to the dimensions and proportion of
human body. human scale

25 The art and science of building design and construction. architecture

26 Who said that The magnificent display of volume put together in the light
Le Corbusier

27 That which the eye identifies, the mind perceives and interprets. form

28 With respect to an observer. visual inertia

29 A series of form arranged in sequence in a row. linear form

30 A set of modular forms related and regulated by 3D grid. grid form


31 Subtracting a portion of a forms volume to create another. subtracting
transformation
32 This refer to the manner in which the surface of a form come together to define its articulation of form
shape and volume.
33 Who said The will of the epoch translated into space Adolf Hitler

34 A composition of linear forms extending outward from a central form in a radial manner. Radial Form

35 Architecture is generally conceived, designed and realized. design process

36 A number of secondary forms clustered about a dominant, centra-perceive form. . clustered

37 One or more dimension are altered but will retain its identity. dimensional trans.

38 A collection of forms grouped together by proximity or the sharing of a common grid form
visual trait.
39 Can be regular or irregular, primary characteristic that identifies. color

40 is a diagram, usually to scale, of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other
physical features at one level of a Floor Plan
structure.
41 Describes the relationships between elements of a design. Balance

42 Is a commercial building with several small scale entrepreneurs who sell their
commodities in a limited space or
modules that provide them low rentals for the buyers to avail cheaper merchandize, both Tiangge
to retail and wholesale.
43 What do you call the study that deals with human measurements? anthropometrics

44 deals with space planning in relationship with mans activities ergonometrics

45 human factor engineering ergonomics

46 Early type of settlement in America taken after the baug


Medieval Organic City
(military town) and fauborg (citizens town) of the medieval ages.
47
Le Corbusier planned a high density building that was a super
building that contained 337 dwellings in only acres of land. What is Unite d Habitation
the structure that supposed to be located in Marseilles?

48 It is the first Development Garden City where it is a combination


of landscaping, informal street layouts, and main axis focusing on Letchworth
town center.

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49 A British pioneered in regional Planning for the Doncaster area


Leslie Patrick
(1920-1922) and East Kent; Involved in greater London Plan; Use of
Abercrombie
open space as structuring element.
50
He is remembered for his Ideal Cities star shaped plans with
street radiating from central point, usually proposed for a church, Leon Battista Alberti
palace or castle

51
Whose theory is the explanation of residential land uses in terms
of wedge-shaped sectors radial to the city center along established Homer Hoyt
lines of transportation.

52 Published the book called Fields, Factories and Workshops; or


Peter Kropotkin
Industry Combined with Agriculture with manual work.
53 Often enclosed and secluded the street, whose high density and
variety of planning conveys a garden image. It sometimes includes
Garden Oasis
flower planters and a water feature and usually supplies a variety of
seating possibilities.
54
A wide area of parks of undeveloped land surrounding a community. Greenbelt

55 The process in which a piece of land, referred to as the parent tract, is subdivided into two or more
Platting
parcels.

56 Angles measured clockwise from any meridian, usually north; however, the National Geodetic
Azimuths
Survey uses south.

57
Usually the last stage of the final site development process prior to issuance of building permit. Final Plat

58 A 20th century problem emanating from rapid urbanization of areas surrounding a city which eats
Urban Sprawl
up the remaining adjacent rural open spaces.

59 A type of planning which emphasizes that the proper role of the planner is not to serve the general
public interest but rather to serve the interests of the least fortunate or least well represented Advocacy Planning
groups in society.
60
In the Philippines, this type of land use planning emphasizes the proper management of land
Sustainable Land Use
resources to ensure that the present generation can benefit from its continued use without
Planning
compromising future generations.

61 Local Government Code,


This code mandates that all Local Government Units shall prepare their comprehensive
1991

62
land use plans and enact them through zoning ordinances. R.A. 7160

63
Reason for planning. Promote Human Growth

64 Phrase used to characterize development that meets the needs of the present generation without
Sustainable Development
compromising the needs of the future generations.

65
First Planner and developed the Gridiron. Hippodamus of miletus

66
A locale with a sizeable agglomeration of people having characteristics of an urban being. City

67 The main reason why the nomadic existence of early man metamorphosed to village settlement and
Agricultural Surplus
later to the birth of cities.

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68
The rough equivalent of the present tenement cities that existed in ancient Rome, which resulted
Insula
from the population growth of the city and the congestion that existed in streets.

69
In urban geography, a concept where urban settlement is confined to the area within the legal limits
Truebounded City
of the city and the congestion and virtually all of this area is occupied by urban residents.

70
A Land Development Decision is also what kind of decision. Traffic.

71
The orderly arrangement of urban streets and public spaces. City Planning

72
He conceptualized the 'City Beautiful Movement'. Daniel Burnham

73 A tool used to control the manner in which raw kind is subdivided and placed on the marker for
Subdivision Regulations
residential development.

74
A profession which falls between planning and architecture. It deals with the large-scale
organization and design of the city, with the massing and organization and the space between them, Urban Design
but not with the design of the individual buildings.

75
The science of human settlement. Ekistics

76
By definition, settlement inhabited by man. Human Settlement

77 Planning for roads, bridges, schools, parking structures, pubic buildings, water supply, and waste
Capital Facilities Planning
disposal facilities.

78
The container of man, which consists of both the natural and man-made or artificial element. Physical Settlement

79
A spatial organization concept a general view of the pattern of land use in a city developed by
Ernest W. Burgess. The city is conceived as a series of five concentric zones with the cores as the Concentric Zone Concept
central business district and fanning out from which are the residential and commuter zones.

80
The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces. Buildable Area

81
A habitable room for 1 family only with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating. Dwelling Unit

82
This is a type of a retaining wall made of rectangular baskets made of galvanized steel wire or pvc
Gabion Wall
coated wire hexagonal mesh which are filled with stones to form a wall.

83
A very steep slope of rock or clay. Cliff

84 A piece of grassy land, especially one used for growing hay or as pasture for grazing animals; low
Meadow
grassy land near a river or stream.

85
A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains. Ridge

86
A long, deep, narrow valley eroded by running water. Ravine

87
On land, an encumbrance limiting its use, usually imposed for community or mutual protection. Restriction

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88
Of land, a contiguous land area which is considered as a unit, which is subject to a single
Parcel
ownership, and which is legally recorded as a single piece.

89
A wall that serves 2 dwelling units, known also as party wall. Common Wall

90
Niemeyer believed that relating large areas to each other is freedom as in the planned city of___. Brasilia

91 In architectural terms, it is the relationship of the number of residential structures and people to a
Density
given amount of space.

92 The government arm responsible for the development and implementation of low cost housing in the
National Shelter Program
Philippines.

93
Housing provided for low-income groups generally through government intervention and
Social Housing
characterized by substantial subsidies and direct assistance.

94 A written agreement between parties, but it allows a specific period during which the buyer can
"Option to Buy"
investigate the property and make a decision.

95 Sometimes called "subscription money", this is a deposit given to the seller to show that the
Earnest Money
potential buyer has serious intentions.

96 A provision made in advance for the gradual liquidation of a future obligation by periodic charges
Amortization
against the capital account.

97
Written document to transfer the property to one person to another. Deed

98
They develop or improve the land as well as construct houses. Developers

99 Determines the value of the house and also is familiar with trends in the local market and in the
Appraiser
industry.

100
Helps people find a place to live, specializing and matching wants of buyers with the local supply. Real Estate Broker

101 Are usually large concrete slabs or otherwise panelized units fabricated in a shop and assembled at
Total System
the site.

102
Codes that deal with the use, occupancy, and maintenance of existing buildings. Housing Codes

103 Designed to regulate land use, to ban industry and commerce from residential areas and to
Zoning
separate different types of living units.

104 Prefabrication
Construct three-dimensional volumetric units in a plant on a production line then hauled to the site.
Manufacturer

105
System building is the complete integration of all ___. Subsystems

106
The improvement of slum, deteriorated, and underutilized areas of a city. Urban Renewal

107 An area which is within the city limits, or closely linked to it by common use of public utilities and
Urban Area
services.

108 Code of Multiplicities and


Two major hindrances to the prefabrication industry.
Tradition

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109 Primitive / Vernacular /


Three general types of structures.
Grand

110
A piece of land with an economic use for farming. Productive Use

111
Lands for well-being like parks, plazas, and of similar nature. Health and General Use

112
Similarly as the cost of the land, neighborhood character have this effect. Social Implications

113
Minimum road width in a neighborhood development to ease traffic flow. 6.00 mts.

114
Which building component receives priority over the location to have the morning sun. Bedrooms

115
Urban Planning is defined briefly as the guidance of ___. Growth and Change

116
A lattice structure that serves as a summer house. Gazebo

117
In landscaping, ground cover is represented by ___. Grass and Plants

118
The art of arranging buildings and other structures in harmony with the landscape. Site Planning

119
The study of the dynamic relationship between a community of organisms and its habitat. Ecology

120
Preparations of an accurate base map for urban planning starts with ___. Accurate Aerial Mosaic

121 Appraisal of adequacy of a city's water and sewer systems needs of future land uses are embodied
Comprehensive Plan
in the ___.

122
Also called the blood-stream of a city. Transportation System

123
A form of absence of all the principles and organized development of a community. Urban Blight

124
The city of Washington conforms to the plan type of ___. Star

125
An efficient and rapid transport system for automobiles to circulate across urban to urban areas. Freeways

126 A monument, fixed object, or marker used to designate the location of a land boundary on the
Landmark
ground.

127
A narrow passageway bordered by trees, fences, or other lateral barrier Lane

128
The projection of a future pattern of use within an area, as determined by development goals. Land-use Plan

129
The part of the surface of the earth not permanently covered by water. Land

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130
A line of demarcation between adjoining parcels of land. Land Boundary

131
A survey of landed property establishing or reestablishing lengths and directions of boundary line. Land Survey

132 The study of an existing pattern of use, within an area, to determine the nature and magnitude of
deficiencies which might exist and to assess the potential of the pattern relative to development Land-use Analysis
goals.

133
A study and recording of the way in which land is being used in an area. Land-use Survey

134
In surveying, the North-South component of a traverse course. Latitude

135
An open space of ground of some size, covered with grass and kept smoothly mown. Lawn

136 A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed period of time,
Lease
usually for periodical compensation called 'rent'.

137
A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease. Leasehold

138 Early type of settlement in America taken after the baug (military town) and fauborg (citizens
Medieval Organic City
town) of the medieval ages. (CDEP IX-15)

139 Under PD 1308, which of the following activities is not a part of the practice of environmental d. National Development
planning? (CDEP IX-45) Planning

140 Le Corbusier planned a high density building that was a super building that contained 337
dwellings in only ten acres of land. What is this structure that supposed to be located in Marseilles? Unite d Habitation
(CDEP IX-18)

141
Among the cities in Manila , what is the smallest in terms of land area? Pateros

142
It is one of the school of thought who believed that the problems of the cities should be tackled one
Specialists
item at a time, beginning with the improvement of health and sanitary system. (CDEP IX-15)

143 It is the rate at which water within the soil moves through a given volume of material (also measured
Permeability
in cm or inches per hour). (CDEP IX-2)

144 It is a slope pattern for Elementary and High school campus where slopes are gentle to mild and
10-15 %
have moderately difficult terrain. (CDEP IX-3)

145
What is the optimum slope requirement for factories? (CDEP IX-4) 2%

146
The multiple nuclei hypothesis is built around the observation that frequently there are a series of
nuclei in the patterning of urban land uses rather than the central single core used in other two
4
theories. Based on the illustration PTIT 21.589.213.36, which among the zones is the medium class
residential? (PTIT 132)

147 It is a type of point of reference where the observer does not enter within them, they are external.
They are usually a rather simply defined physical object, buildings, sign, store or mountain. (PTIT Landmarks
133)

148
In the book called The Neighborhood Unit he discussed the idea of organized towns into cohesive
Clarence Perry
neighborhoods which was applicable not only to new towns but to large city areas. (PTIT 113)

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PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

THEORY / PLANNING REVIEWER

149
A British pioneered in regional planning for the Doncaster area (1920-1922) and East Kent; Involved Leslie Patrick
in greater London Plan; Use of open space as structuring element. (PTIT 109) Abercrombie

150 t is the first developed Garden City where it is a combination of landscaping, informal street layouts,
Letchworth
and main axis focusing on town center. (CDEP IX-16)

151 first conceptualized the Garden Cities; and author of Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path To Social
Ebenezer Howard
Reform. (CDEP IX-16)

152 Outlying Business


Based on the illustration PTIT 21.589.213.36, identify zone no. 7. (PTIT 132)
Districts

153
Based on the illustration PTIT 21.589.213.36, identify zone no. 6. (PTIT 132) Heavy Manufacturing

154 These are points, the strategic spots in a city into which an observer can enter, and which are the
Nodes
intensive foci to and from which he is traveling. (PTIT 133)

155
Often enclosed and secluded from the street, whose high density and variety of planting conveys a
garden image. It sometimes included flower planters and a water feature and usually supplies a Garden Oasis
variety of seating possibilities. (PTIT 137)

156 When was the first Land Use zoning in New York initiated particularly the Incentive zoning? (CDEP
1916
IX-31)

157
He is remembered for his Ideal Cities star shaped plans with street radiating from central point,
Leon Battista Alberti
usually proposed for a church, palace or castle. (PTIT 102)

158
An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., Ct. Peters and St. Paul Cathedral;
Sir Christopher Wren
Proposed a Network of avenues connecting the main features of London. (PTIT 103)

159 The author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities one of the most influential book in
b. Jane Jacobs
the history of planning. (PTIT 116)

160
Refers to the program of the NHA of upgrading and improving blighted squatter areas within the
ZIP
cities and municipalities of Metro Manila pursuant to existing statutes and issuances. (R.A. 7279)

161
Whose theory is the explanation of residential land uses in terms of wedge-shaped sectors radial to
Homer Hoyt
the city center along established lines of transportation? (PTIT 131)

162 Published the book called Fields, Factories and Workshops: or Industry Combined with Agriculture
Peter Kropotkin
with manual work. (PTIT 128)

163
Approaches town planning as a science which include planning and design with the contribution of
c. ekistics
other disciplines, all of those are focused into one science known as____________. (PTIT 130)

129

95

61

27

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PREPARED BY:
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THEORY / PLANNING REVIEWER

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-41

-75

-109

-143

-177

-211

-245

-279

-313

-347

-381

-415

-449

-483

-517

-551

-585

-619

-653

-687

275/471
PREPARED BY:
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THEORY / PLANNING REVIEWER

-721

-755

-789

-823

-857

-891

-925

276/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

1 Minimum exit door width. 0.71 mtr.

2 Minimum floor to ceiling height. 2.30 mts.

3 Maximum stair rise height for a class A stair. 0.19 mtr.

4 Maximum height between landings for class A stair. 2.75 mts.

5 Minimum headroom for class A & B stairs. 2.00 mts.

6 Unit area per person for waiting areas or standing rooms. 0.28 sqm.

7 Number of exits for place of assembly for 1000 occupants 4

8 Travel distance to an exit without fire sprinkler system. 46.00 mts.

9 Travel distance to an exit with fire sprinkler system. 61.00 mts.

10 Minimum spacing of rows of seats from back to back for a public assembly building. 0.83 mtr.

11 Maximum number of seats in a row in between aisles. 14

12 Maximum number of seats in a row opening on to an aisle at one side. 7

13 Standard width of a seat without dividing arms for places of assembly. 60 cms.

14 Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60. 91 cms.

15 Minimum headroom created by any projection from the ceiling. 2.00 mts.

16 Minimum clear width of turnstiles. 56 cms.

17 Minimum dimension of landings in direction of travel for class A & B stairs. 112 cms.

18 Minimum number of risers in any one (1) flight of stairs. 3

19 Minimum height of a handrail above the upper surface of the tread. 76 cms.

20 Minimum clearance of a handrail from any wall. 38 mm.

21 Minimum height of a guard rail. 91 cms.

22 Maximum height of a guard rail. 106 cms.

23 Minimum inner radius of a monumental stair. 7.50 mts.

24 Minimum width of any balcony or bridge. 112 cms.

25 Minimum width of a class A ramp. 112 cms.

26 Maximum rise of any floor from the balcony floor to which an access door leads. 20.3 cms

27 Maximum vertical height in floors for an escalator. 1floor

28 Minimum width of a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 55.9 cms.

29 Minimum width of landing for a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 55.9 cms.

277/471
PREPARED BY:
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

30 Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for small buildings. 15.25 cms.

31 Maximum rise of fire escape stair for a small building. 30.5 cms.

32 Maximum rise of fire escape stair for existing stairs. 22.9 cms.

33 Maximum height between landings for a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 3.66 mts.

34 Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 2.13 mts.

35 Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for small buildings. 1.98 mts.

36 Number of exits for place of assembly for 600-1000 occupants. 3

37 Maximum occupant load for a class C public assembly. 50-300

38 Minimum number of exit for an Institutional type of structure. 2


Maximum travel distance between room door intended as exit access and exit with
39 30 mts.
sprinkler system for institutional use.
40 Maximum travel distance from the door of any room to exit for hotels with sprinkler. 30 mts.
Maximum travel distance from the main entrance door to exit for apartments with
41 31 mts.
sprinkler.
42 Minimum increase in width for an aisle per linear meter. 2.5 cms.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving one side for a
43 91 cms.
public assembly building.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving two sides for a
44 1.00 mtr.
public assembly building.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of below 60 for a public assembly
45 76 cms.
building.
46 Minimum width of an aisle for an educational use building. 1.80 mts.

47 Minimum width of an aisle for hospitals or nursing homes. 2.44 mts.

48 Minimum width of an aisle for custodial care institutions. 1.83 mts.

49 Minimum width of an aisle for business use structure. 112 cms.

50 Minimum width of an aisle for an industrial building. 112 cms.

51 Occupant load per person for laboratories. 4.60 sqm.

52 Jails are classified under what classification of occupancy. Institutional


Courtrooms with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what
53 Assembly
classification of occupancy.
Armories with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what
54 Assembly
classification of occupancy
55 Libraries are classified under what classification of occupancy. Business
Rooms where baled, bundled or piled materials segregated into desired sizes or
56 Picking rooms.
groups.
57 Buildings or structures 15 meters or more in height. High rise building

58 Buildings or structures used for the storage of explosives, shells, projectile, etc. Explosive magazine

278/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER


An air compartment or chamber to which 1 or more ducts are connected and which
59 Plenum
form part of an air distribution system.
60 A kind of stable explosive compound which explodes by percussion. Fulminate

61 Descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when exposed to air. Phyrophoric
A material that readily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to stimulate or support
62 Oxidizing material
combustion.
63 A process where a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shape and dimension. Forging

The process of first raising the temperature to separate the more volatile from the less
64 volatile parts and then cooling and condensing the result vapor so as to produce a Distillation
nearly purified substance.
A finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the proper proportion and
65 Dust
ignited will cause an explosion.
66 Temperature rating at flash point. 37.8 oC (100 oF)

67 A class of fire with flammable liquid and gasses. Class B

68 The temperature at which a liquid is transformed or converted into vapor. Boiling Point

69 Minimum fire resistance rating for a firewall. 4 hrs.

70 A continuous passageway for the transmission of air. Duct System


The minimum temperature at which any material gives off vapor in sufficient
71 Flash Point
concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air.
A gas, fume or vapor used for the destruction or control of insects, fungi, vermin, germs,
72 Fumigant
rodents or other pests.
73 Minimum width of any driveway in and around a lumber yard / piles. 4.50 mts.

74 Minimum height of fence for a lumber yard for exterior storage of lumbers. 1.80 mts.

75 Maximum width of sumps for the retention of oil and petroleum products. 3.70 mts.

76 For Refineries, distilleries, and chemical plants, the minimum height for a fence. 1.50 mts.
Minimum travel distance from any individual room subject to occupancy by not more 6
77 15.00 mts.
persons.
78 Maximum distance of travel from the high hazard area to an exit. 23.00 mts.
Minimum distance of an incinerator from any structure used other than a single family
79 3.00 mts.
dwelling.
80 Maximum reduction in width of a stair by a handrail. 9 cms.

81 Minimum door width of a single door in a door way. 71 cms.


Maximum change in elevation between the interior of a door to the outside of it other
82 20.5 cms.
than a balcony.
83 Maximum force in kilograms required for a panic hardware. 7 kgs.

84 Maximum height required for a panic hardware installation. 112 cms.

85 Minimum height required for a panic hardware installation. 76 cms.

86 Maximum number of occupant for a subdivided room or space by a folding partition. 20

87 Minimum width of a door for family day care homes. 61 cms.

279/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

88 Minimum stair width for a class B stair serving an occupant load of less than 50. 91 cms.
Length of a nosing or effective projection over the level immediately below it for tread
89 25 mm
below 25 cms in dimension.
90 Maximum height of a handrail. 86.5 cms.

91 A combustible liquid is any liquid having a flash point at or above. 37.8 oC (100 oF)
The time duration that a material or construction can withstand the effect of standard
92 Fire resistance rating
fire test is known as.
Any material which by its nature or as a result of its reaction with other elements
93 Cryogenic
produces a rapid drop in temperature of the immediate surrounding.
94 Classified as mercantile occupancies, the travel distance from exits shall be. 30.50 mts.

95 Under what classification of occupancy does pool rooms fall. Assembly

96 Under what classification of occupancy does home for the aged fall. Institutional

97 Under what classification of occupancy does court houses fall. Business

98 Under what classification of occupancy does refineries fall. Industrial

99 Under what classification of occupancy does drugstores fall. Mercantile

100 Minimum width of an aisle in a store for mercantile occupancies. 71 cms.

101 Minimum number of aisles for Class 'A' stores. 1

102 Minimum clear width of aisles for a Class 'A' store. 1.50 mts.

103 Minimum clear width of an exit access through a covered mall. 3.66 mts.

104 Minimum height of buildings requiring automatic sprinkler protection. 15 mts.

105 Standard inner radius of a curved stair in business occupancies. 763 cms.

106 Maximum height of riser for Class 'A' stairs. 19 cms.

107 Maximum height of riser for Class 'B' Stairs. 20 cms.

108 Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving more than 50 persons. 112 cms.

109 Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving 50 persons and below. 91 cms.

110 Maximum horizontal projection of a handrail over a stair. 38 mm.

111 Minimum width of a stair width for Class 'A' stairs. 25 mm.

112 Maximum height between landings for a Class 'B' stairs. 3.70 mts.

113 Minimum width of landings in direction of travel for Class 'A / B' stairs. 112 cms.

114 Minimum width of Class 'A' ramp. 112 cms.

115 Minimum width of Class 'B' ramp. 76 cms.

116 Standard slope of Class 'B' ramp in percentage. 10-17%

280/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

117 Maximum height between landings for Class 'A' ramp. No limit

118 Maximum height between landings for Class 'B' ramp. 3.66 mts.

119 Minimum width of ramps of 3 stories or more in height. 1.20 mts.

120 Minimum width for fire escape for existing stairs. 55.9 cms.
Minimum horizontal dimension of any landing of platform for existing stairs for fire
121 55.9 cms.
escape.
122 Maximum rise for a fire escape for very small buildings. 30.5 cms.

123 Maximum height between landings for fire escape for existing stairs. 3.66 mts.

124 Minimum distance travel to an exit for storage occupancies of high hazard commodities. 23 mts.

Class of fire involving combustible metals, such as magnesium, sodium, potassium, and
125 Class D
other similar materials.
Class of fire involving ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, papers, cloth,
126 Class A
rubber, and plastics.

A tank, vat or container of flammable or combustible liquid in which articles or materials


127 Dip Tank
are immersed for the purpose of coating, finishing, treating or similar processes.

An integrated system of under ground or overhead piping or both connected to a source


of extinguishing agents or medium and designed in accordance with fire protection Automatic Fire
128
engineering standards which when actuated by its automatic detecting device, Suppression System
suppresses fire within the area protected.

129 A continuous and unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building to a public way. Means of Egress

130 Minimum distance of an incinerator containing kindled fire or rubbish fire or bonfires. 5.00 mts.

131 Under what classification of occupancy does museums fall? Assembly

132 Under what classification of occupancy does town halls fall? Business

133 Maximum width of a single door in a doorway. 1.22 mts.

134 Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 22.9 cms.

135 Maximum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder. 30.5 cms.

136 Minimum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder. 25 cms.


Class III combustible liquids shall mean any liquid having a flash point at how many
137 60 oC
degrees Celsius?
138 In standard seating, the minimum spacing from back to back. 0.83 mtr.

139 Minimum space from the back of chair to the front of the chair behind. 30 cms.

140 Maximum slope for aisles for public assembly structures. (1:8) 12.5%

141 Size of standpipe provided for each stage for public assembly building. 63.5 mm.

142 Occupant load per person for classrooms. 1.8 sqm.


Where exterior corridors or balconies are provided as means of exit, they shall open to
143
the
76.25 mts.

281/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER


76.25 mts.
144 outside and shall be spaced ___ meters apart. (Educational)

145 Minimum dimension of a rescue window for educational occupancies. 55 cms.

146 Maximum height from the floor for a rescue window for educational occupancies. 82 cms.

147 Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in hospitals and nursing homes. 2.44 mts.

148 Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in residential-custodial care. 1.83 mts.
Any room for sleeping in institutional occupancies if subdivided shall have a maximum
149 465 sqm.
area of how many square meters?
Includes buildings or groups of building under the same management in which there are
150 Hotel
more than 15 sleeping accommodations for hire.
Includes buildings containing three or more living units independent cooking and
151 bathroom facilities, whether designed as rowhouse, apartment house, tenement, Apartment Buildings
garden apartment, or by any other name.

152 Minimum number of stories of apartment buildings requiring fire alarm system. 3

153 Minimum number of apartment units requiring fire alarm system. 12


BLASTING AGENT
154 Fuel + Oxidizer used to set off explosives

CELLULOSE
NITRATE/NITRO
155 Highly combustible/explosive cmpd. (nitric aid + cellulose)
CELLULOSE

156 Any plastic substance with cellulose nitate PYROXYLIN

COMBUSTIBLE,
FLAMMABLE OR
157 Materials easily set on fire
INFLAMMABLE

COMBUSTIBLE
158 Free burning fiber (cotton, oakum, hay, straw, etc.) FIBER

COMBUSTIBLE
159 Liquid w/ flash pt. ^37.8 deg.C (100deg.F) LIQUID

CORROSIVE LIQUID
160 Liquid w/c causes fire when in contact w/ organic matter/chemicals

Vertical panel of non-combustible/fire-resistive materials attached and extending below


CURTAIN BOARD
161 the bottom chord of roof trusses; divide the underside of the roof to several
compartments so that heat and smoke will be directed upwards to a roof vent.
CRYOGENIC
162 Any material w/c produces rapid drop of temperature to its immediate surroundings.
DAMPER
163 Device installed inside an airduct w/c automatically closes to restrict smoke or fire.
DISTILLATION
164 Raising temperature, cooling & condensing to produce a nearly purified substance
DUCT SYSTEM
165 Continuous passageway for transmission of air
DUST
166 Finely powdered substance when mixed w/ air and ignited will cause explosion.

Extremely hot, luminous bridge formed by the passage of electric current across a
167 Electrical Arc
space between 2 conductors due to the incandescence of the conducting vapor

282/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

168 Hot piece or lump partially burned, still oxidizing w/o the manifestation of flames Ember

169 Active principle of burning Fire

170 Building unsafe in case of fire Fire Trap


Visual/audible signal, device or system; warn the occupants or fire fighting elements of
171 Fire alarm
presence/danger of fire
172 Fire resistive door Fire Door
condition/act which increase probability of fire; delay/hinder/interfere fire fighting, FIRE HAZARD
173
safeguarding of life & property.
174 Portion of road/publicway kept opened/unobstructed for fire fighting units. Fire Lane

Built-in protection system (sprinklers, automatic extinguishing system, heat/smoke FIRE PROTECTIVE &
detectors, warning system) FIRE SAFETY
175
- Personal protective equipment (fire blankets, helmets, fire suits, gloves) DEVICE

Design & installation of walls, barriers, windows, vents, means of egress; treatment of FIRE SAFETY
176 building components with flame retardant chemicals; to minimize danger of fire and safe CONSTRUCTIONS
evacuation of people.
177 Minimum temperature a material gives off vapor to form ignition Flashpoint

178 Metal is heated prior to changing shape/dimension Forging

179 Stable explosive compund; explodes by percussion Fulminate


HAZARDOUS
manufacturing, fabrication, conversion w/c uses/produces materials that cause fires or OPERATIONS/PROC
180
explosions. ESS

Passageway from one building to another or through or around the wall in HORIZONTAL EXIT
181
approximately same floor level.
182 Box/cabinet where fire hoses, valves and other equipment ware stored. Hose BOX

183 Cylindrical device where fire hose is wound and connected Hose Reel
HYPERGOLIC FUEL
184 Rocket or liquid propellant
INDUSTRIAL
Industrial process of heating materials to remove solvents/moisture, and fuse certain
185 BAKING & DRYING
salts to form uniform glazing on the surface of treated materials
186 Piece of metal or conductor used to bypass a safety in an electrical system JUMPER
OCCUPANCY
187 Intended use/purpose of a building
Any person occupying/using a building (or portions) by virtue of lease
188 OCCUPANT
contract/permission with the owner/administrator

Strong oxidizing organic compound w/c causes fire when in contact w/ combustible
189 Organic Peroxide
material under condition of high temperature.

Use of electrical appliances/devices beyond the designed capacity of existing electrical


190 Overloading
system.
191 Person who holds the legal right of possession or title to a building/property Owner
OXIDIZING
192 Yields oxygen; stimulates/supports combustion MATERIAL
PRESSURIZED/FOR
CED DRAFT
Type of burner where pressurized fuel is discharged to combustion chamber which
193 BURNING
includes fans for introduction of air.
EQUIPMENT

PUBLIC ASSEMBLY
194 building/structure; 50 or more people congregate/gather/assemble BUILDING

283/471
PREPARED BY:
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

195 street, alley, strip of land unobstructed from ground to sky intended for public use Public Way
PYROPHORIC
196 Ignites spontaneously when exposed to air

197 partial distillation & electrolysis; removing impurities/deleterious materials from mixture Refining
SELF-CLOSING
198 Automatic closing doors; confines smoke & heat; delays spread of fire. DOORS
199 Melting/fusing metal ores; separate impurities from pure metals. Smelting
Integrated network of hydraulically designed piping with outlets w/c automatically
200 Sprinkler system
discharges water when activated by heat.

Vertical pipes to which firehoses can be attached on each floor; includes system where STANDPIPE SYSTEM
201
water is made available to outlets as needed.

VESTIBULE
202 Passage hall/antechamber between outlet doors and interior parts of building
VERTICAL SHAFT
203 Vertical space/passage extending from floor to floor, base to top of the building
AUTOMATIC FIRE
Integrated system of underground or overhead piping connected to extinguishing agent SUPPRESSION
204
actuated by automatic detecting device to suppress fire. SYSTEM

205 Temperature at which liquid is transformed to vapor Boiling Point


206 Combustible materials (wood, cloth, paper, rubber & plastics) Class A Fire
207 Flammable liquids and gases Class B Fire
208 Electrical Class C Fire
209 Combustible metals (magnesium, sodium, potassium, etc.) Class D Fire
COMBINATION
Pipeline system filled with water and connected to a constant water supply for the use
210 STANDPIPE
of Fire Service and occupants of the building solely for suppression purposes.
COMBUSTIBLE
FIBER LOOSE
211 Isolated structure where loose fibers are stored.
HOUSE

Tank, vat, container of flammable/combustible liquid in which articles or materials are


212 Dip Tank
immersed for the purpose of coating, finishing, treating, or similr processes.

213 pipes not filled with water; water is introduced thru Fire Service connections Dry Standpipe
EXPLOSIVE
Building, structure or facilities used for the storage of explosives, shells, projectile and
214 MAGAZINE
ammunition

FIRE ALERTING
Fire alarm system transmitted to designated locations instead of sounding a general
215 SYSTEM
alarm to prevent panic

FIRE PROTECTIVE
An assembly incorporated in a structure designed to prevent the spread of fire
216 ASSEMBLY
(dampers, curtain board, fire stoppers)

FIRE RESISTANCE
217 Time duration a material can withstand the effect of hundred fire test RATING

A wall designed to prevent the spread of fire w/ fire resistance rating of not less than 4
218 FireWall
hours and structurally stable.

219 Time w/c flame will spread over the surface of a burning material. Flame Spread Rating

220 Compound/mixture w/c improves fire resistant quality of fabrics and other materials FLAME RETARDANT

HAZARDOUS FIRE
Land covered with dry grass, cogon, reeds, brush and other highly combustible growth
221 AREA
that fires are likely to occur and hard to suppress.

284/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

HIGHRISE BUILDING
222 Buildings, structures, facilities 15 meters or more in height.

Continuous unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building, structure or facility to MEANS OF EGRESS
223
a public way.

Maximum number of persons that may occupy a building, structure or facility or portions
224 OccupantLoad
thereof.
Liquid mixture of binders (alkyd, acrylic) w/c when spread on surface becomes ORGANIC COATING
225
protective and decorative finish.
Mechanical device consisting of linkages and a horizontal bar across a door, which
PANIC HARDWARE
226 when pushed from the inside will cause the door to open and facilitate exit from a
building, structure or facility.
Rooms where baled, bundled or piled materials are segregated into desired sizes or PICKING ROOMS
227
groups.

Air compartment or chamber w/ one or more ducts are connected to form part of an air
228 plenum
distribution system.

SMOKE DEVELOPED
229 density and volume of smoke developed within a certain period of time. RATING

1 HOUR FIRE
230 PROTECTIVE ENCLOSURE OF EXITS - 3 STORIES OR LESS RESISTANCE
RATING
2 HOUR FIRE
231 PROTECTIVE ENCLOSURE OF EXITS - 4 STORIES OR more RESISTANCE
RATING
TRAVEL DISTANCE TO EXITS
INDIVIDUAL ROOM (Not more than 6 Occupants)
232 15 m
MAX. ______ from any point of the room to exit door.

Lot Occupancy Corner Lot 90%


Inside Lot 80%
*at least 2m from property line
Sanitation At least one (1) sanitary toilet & adequate washing & drainage
Foundation Footings 250mm thick & 600mm below ground
Floor Live Load
1st Floor 200 kilograms per sq.m Minimum
233 2nd Floor 150 kilograms per sq.m Requirements for
*minimum Group A Dwellings
Roof Wind Load 120 min. kilograms per sq.m for vertical projections
Stairs Clear width 750mm
Rise 200mm
Run 200mm
Entrance & Exit At least 1 entrance & 1 exit

min. horizontal dimension not less than 2.00m / - inner courts shall be connected to a Size & Dimensions of
234
street or yard, or by a passageway 1.20m min. Courts
a. Natural Ventilation min of 2.70m
Artificial Ventilation (min.)
1st storey 2.70m
235 2nd storey 2.40m Ceiling Heights
3rd storey 2.10m
b. Mezzanine min. of 1.80m

1. Rooms for Human Habitations 6 sq.m w/ at least dimension of 2m (2x3m)


2. Kitchens 3 sq.m w/ a least dimension of 1.5 (1.5x2m) Size and Dimension
236
3. Bath & Toilet 1.20 sq.m w/ at least of 0.90m (0.90x1.3m) of Rooms

285/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

1. School Rooms 3.00 cu.m w/ 1.00 sq.m of floor area per person Air Space
2. Workshops, Factories, Offices 12.00 cu.m of air space per person; Requirements in
237
3. Habitable rooms 14.00 cu.m of air space per person. Determining the Size
of Rooms
eaves over required windows not less than 750mm. minimum over from the side &
238 rear property lines / sum of areas of openings must not exceed 50 % of sum of areas Location on Property
of walls
239 at least 10% of floor area (not provided w/ artificial ventilation system) Window Openings
a. Ventilation or vent shafts horizontal cross-sectional area not < 0.10 sq.m per meter
height of shaft
240 Vent Shafts
b. Air Ducts 0.30 sq.m w/ at least dimension of 300mm

1. Office, Administrative purposes not < 3 changes of air per hour


2. Bakeries, Hotel, Restaurants, Kitchens not < 10 changes of air per hour
3. Auditoriums, Assembly purposes not < 0.30 cu.m of air per minute Minimum Reqts in
241
4. Wards, Dormitories of Institutional Bldgs. not < 0.45 cu.m of air per minute, Air Changes
supplied each person

a. Footings at least 2.40m below grade along national roads, may project not >
300mm beyond Property line.
Projection into Alleys
242 b. Foundations not < 600mm below the grade, may encroach 500mm into public
or Streets
sidewalk areas

243 Min. of 3.00m above the established sidewalk grade Arcades

a. Definition a permanent roofed structure above a door attached to and supported by


the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk
b. Projection & Clearance outermost edge of the marquee and the curb line shall be
244 not < 300mm, vertical clearance bet pavement or GL & undersurface of marquee shall Canopies (Marquees)
not < 3.00m
c. Construction incombustible materials not < 2 hrs fire-resistive

a. Definition a movable shelter supported from an exterior wall of a bldg. w/c can be
retracted, folded, collapsed against the face of a supporting bldg.
b. Clearance Movable Awnings or
245
Awning to curb line not < 300mm Hoods
Vertical Clearance (undermost surface of the awning or GL) not < 2.40m

not less than 2.40m above pavement or GL shall not, when fully opened, project
246 Doors & windows
beyond PL except fire exit doors

a. Public Street or alley less than 3.60m in width shall be truncated at the corner
Chaflan Corner Bldgs. with
247
b. If arcaded bldg, no chaflan reqtd notwithstanding the width of public street, 12.00m Chaflans

a. Temporary walkway 1.20m wide (during construction


248 b. Capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kg per sq.m Temporary Walkway

a. Railings street side of the sidewalk at least 1m in height


b. Fences not < 2.40m above grade Pedestrian
249
c. Canopies 2.40m above the railway, live load 600 kg per sq.m. Protection

a. Removal protective fence or canopy shall be removed _______ after protection no


250 3o days
longer required.
1. Excavation made on public property - restored immediately to its former conditions
251 48 hrs.
w/in ______

286/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Escalator draft curtain at least 200mm on all sides


Automatic Sprinklers provided around perimeter of the opening w/in 600mm of draft Enclosure of Vertical
252
curtain. Distance bet sprinklers - max of 1.80 center to center Openings

1. Access not < 600mm sq. or in diameter, min clear headroom of 800mm
2.
1. Area Separation
Number of Exits enclosed attic space of combustible construction shall be divided Roof Construction
253 into horizontal
Above 1st storey area max
10 of 250 sq.m.
occupant area, 750 sq.m. in area for attic with Fire-
2 exits and Covering
extinguishing system.
Mezzanine 185 sq.m area or more than 18m in dimension 2 exits
500-999 3 exits
2. Exits if only 2 exits required, shall be placed distance apart not < 1/5 of the
perimeter area.
3. Distance of Exits w/o sprinkler 45m from exterior exit door, w/ sprinkler 60m
4. Doors
a. Swing exit door shall swing to exit travel in hazardous areas w/ 50 or more
occupant load
b. Double acting doors view panel of not < 1,300 sq. cm.
c. Width and Height not < 900mm in width, not < 2.00m in height, opening 90
degrees and exit way clear width not < 700mm
5. Door Leaf Width max of 1.20
6. Corridors and Exterior Exit Balconies
a. Width not < 1.10m
b. Dead Ends max 6.00m in length
7. Stairways
a. Width serving an occupant load of more than 50 shall not be < 1.10m, occupant
load of 50 or less may be 90m (900mm) wide, private stairways serving an occupant
load of < 10 may be .75m (750mm)
b. Rise and Run. Rise max 0.20m (200mm), Run - 0.25m (250mm)
254 c. Winding Stairways narrower side of the thread 150mm 300mm
d. Circular Stairways used as exit w/ min width of run not < 250mm
e. Landings straight run max of 1.20m, vertical
f. Distance bet landings max of 3.60m vertical distance landings.
g. Handrails not < 800mm nor more than 900mm.
h. Stairway to Roof if 4 or more storeys in height
i. Headroom clearance 2.00m
8. Ramps width 1.10m min
9. Exit Outlets, Courts, Passageways
a. Slope exit courts max of 1:10, exit passageway max of 1:8
b. Openings on exit court not < 3.00m protected by fire assemblies not < hour fire
resistive. Except openings > 3.00m may be unprotected
c. Exit signs illumination not < 10.7 lux at the floor level
10. Aisles
a. Width not < 800mm if serving one side, not < 1m if serving both sides, side aisles
shall not < 1.10m
b. Exit Distance
1. Groups H, I occupancies w/o seats, line of travel to exit door by an aisle is not >
45.00m
2. Exit doors clear width 1.70m if 30 seats bet aisles and 1m distance of seat back to
a. Shall be constructed w/ metal frames Except Group A and J. Glass is set an angle of
back
< 45 degrees, if located above 1st storey, set at least 100mm (0.10m) above the roof.
c. Slope max of 1:8
b. Space bet supports
- flat wire glass not exceed 625mm
- corrugated wire glass - 1.5m
255 Skylights
- glass no wired 2.5m in diameter w/ mesh not larger than 25mm
c. Ordinary Glass if ridge doesnt exceed 6.00m above the grade
d. Glass for Transmission of Light not < 12.5mm thick, glass over 100 sq.cm. area
have wire mesh

287/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

1. Every storey, basement or cellar w/ 200sq.m or more w/c is used for habitation, etc.
w/c has an occupant load of more than 20.
2. Dressing, rehearsal rms., workshops or factories w/ occupant load of more than 10 or
Fire-Extinguishing
256 assembly halls w/ occupant load of more than 500, if the next doors of rooms are more
Systems
than 30.00m from safe dispersal area.
3. Photographic x-ray, nitrocellulose films and inflammable articles

1. Construction and Test shall be wrought iron of GS w/ fittings, connections to


withstand 20 kg per sq.cm of water pressure
2. Size 900 liters water per minute
3. Number Required every bldg 4 or more storeys where any floor above 3rd floor is
950m or less, equipped w/ 1 dry standpipe.
4. Siamese Connections: b. Dry Standpipes
257 2 way 100mm dry standpipe for bldgs. w/ 4 or
3 way 125mm more storeys
4 way 150mm
Siamese inlet (located on street front) Not < 300mm nor more than 1.20m above grade
5. Outlets standpipe 63mm outlet not more than 1.20m above each floor level, with 2
way standpipes 63mm outlet above the roof (all with gate valves)

1. Size Interior wet standpipes deliver 190 liters/water per minute under 2.0 kg per
sq.cm water pressure
2. Outlets 38mm valve each storey located not < 300mm nor more than 1.20m above
the floor.
258 3. Water Supply street main not < 100mm in diameter c. Wet Standpipes
4. Pressure and Gravity Tanks 1500 liters/water per minute for not < 10 minutes
5. Fire pumps capacity not < 1000 liters per minute w/ pressure not < 2 kg per sq.cm
connected to street main w/ not < 100mm diameter

1. Sheds, greenhouses, and the like not exceeding 6sq.m. in floor area
2. Building Permits
2. Addition of open terrace/patios not exceeding 20sq.m
(Exceptions)
3. Window Grilles
259 a. Minor
4. Garden pools for water plants/aquarium not exceeding 500mm in depth.
Constructions:
5. Erection of garden walls other than walls not exceeding 1.80m

1. Structural member, such as replacement of roofing sheets, etc.


2. Non load-bearing partition walls.
3. Interior portion of a house
4. Replacement of windows 2. Building Permits
260 5. Replacement of flooring (Exceptions)
6. Perimeter fence & walls b. Repair
7. Replacement of sanitary & plumbing fixtures
8. Replacement of faulty & deteriorated wiring devices, fixtures, safety devices

288/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

any letter, word, numeral, illustration use to announce or advertise


Specific Provisions:
1. Business Signs max width 1.20m & length not exceeding the frontage of the bldg.
2. Ground Signs shall not exceed 6.00m in height from the street crown, self
supporting outdoor signs 10.00m away from PL
3. Projecting Signs - Sign Boards 1m to electric & telephone wires
4. Wall Signs not extend more than 300mm & not < 3m above the sidewalk. W/
261 Signs
combustible materials shall not exceed 4.00sq.m. area
5. Temporary Signs
a. Steamers lowest pt. of bottom edge have min clearance 4.30m above the
pavement
6. Administrative Provisions
a. Exemptions sign not exceeding 0.20sq.m. of display surface.

1. Width
1.1 Sidewalks of 2m w/ planting strip of 800mm in width separating curb & sidewalk
1.2 Arcades shall be cantilevered from bldg. line, horizontal distance bet the curb line &
the outermost face of bldg not < 500mm
1.3 Combined open & arcaded sidewalks w/ planting strip not < 800mm in width
separating bet arcaded portion and open portion of sidewalk
262 Arcades & Sidewalks
2. Driveways, Entrances and Exits
2.1 Entrances and Exits of Building abutting sidewalks shall be made of either ramps or
steps
2.1.1 Steps shall have treads not < 300mm. Min no. of steps shall be (2), w/ risers not
exceeding 100mm

1.1. Primary Lines min vertical clearance of 10m from the crown of road pavement, 1. Location of Poles
7.5m from the top of the shoulder/sidewalk and Clearances of
263
1.2. Secondary Lines min vertical clearance of 7.5m from the crown of road pavement Power Lines along
Public Roads.
2. Clearance of
a. Fire Hydrants not < 5m Supporting
264 b. Curbs not < 150mm from curb away from the roadway Structures such as
Poles, Towers and
others

a. Clearances Over Roof Conductors have clearance not< 2.5m from highest pt. of 3. Clearance of
265
roofs Service Drops

4.1 New Building load demand 200KVA or above provided w/transformer vault
4.2 Location ventilated to outside air
4.3 Walls, Roof and Floor. Reinforced concrete not < 150mm, masonry/brick not less
Provisions for
266 than 200mm, 300mm load bearing hollow concrete blocks. Inside wall and roof surface
Transformer Vaults
constructed of HCB shall have a coating of cement/gypsum plaster not < 20mm.
Concrete floor not < 100mm thick.

5.1 Ventilation Openings


5.1.1. Size not < .006sq.mm per KVA of transformer capacity in service, except the
net are shall not be < 0.1sqm for any capacity under 50KVA Ventilation
267
5.1.2. Drainage vaults w/ more than 100KVA transformer capacity shall be provided Openings
w/ drain

289/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

6.1 Transformers Used w/ Capacitors KVA rating shall not be < 135% of capacitor
268 Capacitors
rating

1.1 Hoistway pits clearance of not < 600mm remains bet the underside of car & bottom
of pit.
1.2 Min number of hoisting ropes shall be 3 for traction elevators and 2 for drumtype
elevators.
269 1.3 Min diameter of hoisting & counterweight ropes shall be 30mm Elevators
1.4 Elevators w/ over-load relay and reverse polarity relay.
1.5 In high rise apts. or residential condos of more than 5 stories, at least 1 passenger
elevator shall be kept on 24 hour constant service.

2.1 Angle of inclination shall not exceed 35 degrees from the horizontal
2.2 Width bet balustrades shall not be < 558 mm nor more than 1.20m. The width shall
270 not exceed the width of the steps by more than 330mm. Escalators
2.3 Rated speed, not more than 38mpm.

3.1 Location
3.1.1 Main Bldg. is not made up of fire resistive materials, boilers shall be located
outside w/ distance not < 3.00m outside the wall of main bldg. & bldg. housing the boiler
3.1.2 No part of the boiler shall be closer than 1m from any wall
3.2 Smokestacks - shall able to withstand a wind load of 175km per hour & shall rise at
least 5m above the eaves of any bldg. w/in a radius of 50m.
3.3 Boilers more than 46sq.m. heating surface shall be provided w/ 2 means of feeding Boilers & pressure
271
water, 1 steam driven and 1 electrically driven, 1 pump and 1 injector. Vessels
3.4 2 check valves shall be provided bet any feed pump and boiler
3.5 Boilers rms. shall have at least 2 separate exits.
3.6 Each boiler shall at least 1 safety valve. Having more than 46.sq.m pressure of
water heating surface/generating capacity exceeding 97kg. per hour, 2 or more safety
valves are required.

4.1 68-74 degrees F temperature and humidity for comfortable cooling, 4.57 to 7.60
MPM temperature at an air movement.
4.2 Not more than 136kgs of refrigerant shall be stored in a machine rm.
4.3 Where ammonia is used into a tank of water at least 1 gallon of water shall be
Refrigeration and Air
272 provided for every .04536kg of ammonia in the system.
Conditioning
4.4 Refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any bldg. shall not < 2.3m above the
floor.
4.5 Window type AC (Air Con) shall not be < 2.13m from the ground

5.1 To maintain water pressure in all floors of a bldg./structure, the ff. systems may be
used:
5.1.1 Overhead tank supply may be installed above the roof w/ a vent and an 5. Water pumping for
273
overflow pipe leading to a storm drain and be fully covered. Bldg./Structures
5.1.2 Pneumatic Tank unfired pressure vessel

290/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

6.1 Piping 100mm in diameter and above shall be flanged. Small diameter pipes may
be screwed
6.2 Color coding of Piping:
Steam Division High Pressure White
Exhaust System Buff
Water Division Fresh Water, low pressure - Blue
Fresh Water, high pressure - Blue
Salt water piping Green
274 Pipings
Oil Division Delivery Brass or Bronze
Discharge Yellow
Pneumatic Division All piping Gray
Gas Division All piping Black
Fuel Oil Division All piping Black
Refrigerating Division Pipes Black
Fittings - Black

275 erected @ sidewalks/walkways not < 2.40m in height above curb line. Fence

4.1 Protective canopy - 2.40m above the walkway


4.2 Railings not < 1m high and solid toe boards not < 300mm placed along the street
and ends of the canopy. Canopy safely sustaining a load of 800kg per sq.m.
276 Canopy
4.3 Underside of canopy properly lighted not < one (1) 100 watt bulb every 6m of its
length

5. Protective
277 G.I wire gauge 16,38mm mesh nylon net; canvas
Nets/Screen

6.1 Temporary walkway adjacent to the street line not more than 1.20m wide (for the
use of pedestrians). Where the road right of way is 5m or less, no temporary walkway
shall be allowed
6. Walkways &
278 6.2 Width of walkway shall not < 1.20m but more than 1/3 the width of the sidewalk.
Railings
6.3 Walkways capable of supporting uniform live load of 650kg per sq.m.
6.4 Railings not < 1m in height

7.1 Every Trench, 1.50m or more in depth, provided w/ means of exit at least 7.50 of its 7. Precautionary
279
length Measures

8.1 No materials piled/stacked higher than 1.8m except in yards/sheds. When Piles 8. Storage of
280
exceed 1.2m height, material be arranged that the sides & ends of the piles taper back. Materials

9.1 All buildings 1 standpipes outlet @ each floor.


9.2 In every construction at least 1 approved handpump, tank or portable chemical or
dry fire extinguisher.
281 9. Fire Protection
9.3 No material/construction equipment shall be placed w/in 3m of such
hydrant/connection bet it and the center of the street.

10.1 Where more than 200 workers are employed, a properly first-aid room shall be 10. Sanitation & First
282
provided w/ a physician/nurse. Aid
11.1 Passageways, stairways and corridors average light intensity not < 2 foot
candles. 11. Temporary Light
283
11.2 Locations where tools & or machinery are used 5 foot candles. & Power

284 shall be screened/protected on all sides not < 1.80m height 12. Hoist Towers

291/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

13.1 Stairways shall be erected as the bldg. exceeds 18.00m in height


13.2 No single ladder shall exceed 6.00m in length. Ladder landings at least 1.20m w/
handrails & toe boards. Ladder rungs shall be spaced uniformly as near to 30mm.
13.3 Ladders leading to floors, stagings/platforms shall be at least 900mm above level
of such floors
13.4 Ladders serving traffic in both directions simultaneously at least 1m wide. 13. Ladders &
285
13.5 Ladders shall not be painted, inspected at least once every 30 days. Temporary Stairways
13.6 Stairs and Stairways shall be support a load at least 490kq./sq.m
13.7 Temporary stairs (the sum of the 2 risers and width of 1 tread shall not < 160mm
nor more than 660mm) 2R+T=160mm-660mm. Not < 915mm wide. Landings not <
762mm long

14.1 At least (3) three 250mm planks


14.2 Slope not steeper than 1:3
14.3 When riser is steeper than 1:6, or more than 1.8m and steeper than 1:8, 14. Runways &
286
runways/ramps shall be provided w/ cleats spaced not more than 200mm apart Ramps
14.4 Total rise of more than 1.80m passing over/near floor openings

15.1 Support at least 4 times the max load.


15.2 Planks used in construction shall be not < 50mm nominal thickness, overlap at the
end shall not < 150mm
15.3 Ropes, cables and blocks used in support shall be sufficient size & strength to
287 Scaffolds
sustain @ least 6 times the max load
15.4 Platform level of w/c is more than 1.80m above the ground
15.5 Substantial overhead protection not more than 3m above the scaffold platform

16.1 Used as hoistways/elevator shaftways be protected all sides, expect the side used
for loading & unloading. Protection shall be in barricades not < 1.20m high near the
288 edges of openings, guard rails not < 910mm high placed not < 600mm. Floor Openings
16.2 Solid barriers not < 910mm high

17.1 Guard Rails - Top rail not < 910mm high above the platform level. An intermediate
rail shall be provided bet the top rail & the platform. Guard rails shall have supports not
more than 2.40m apart, shall be constructed to withstand a horizontal force of 30kgs.
per meter 17. Guard Rails &
289
17.2 Toe Boards shall extend not < 150mm above the platform level. Toe Boards of Toe Boards
Wood shall not < 25mm nominal thickness w/ supports not more than 1.20m apart,
Metal shall not < 3.175mm thick w/ supports not more than 1.20m apart.

18.1 Chutes for removal of materials & debris shall be provided in demolition operations
w/ are more than 6m above pt. of material to be removed
18.2 Intervals of 7.60m or less w/ substantial stops to prevent descending matls
18.3 Chutes w/c at an angle 45 degrees from the horizontal be enclosed on all 4 sides
290 18.4 Chutes w/c at an angle 45 degrees from the horizontal may be left open on the 18. Chutes
upper side
18.5 Openings into matls/debris are dumped are dumped at the top of a chute shall be
protect by a substantial guardrail extending @ least 1.90m above the level of the floor

292/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Private Open Space Requirements


% OF OPEN SPACE
TYPE OF LOT A & B (Residential) All Other
a. Interior Lot (accessible from a public street/alley by means of a private access road)
50% 25% Private Open Space
291
b. Inside Lot (non-corner/single frontage lot) 20% 15% Requirements
c. Corner and/or Through Lot 10% 5%
d. Lots bounded on 3 or more sides by public open space (streets, alleys, easement of
seashores, etc) 5% 5%

unoccupied space bet bldg. lines & lot lines other than yard: free, open and
unobstructed from the ground upward.
a. Inner court bounded on all sides/around its periphery by bldg. lines.
b. Open court bounded by 3 sides by bldg. lines w/ 1 side bounded by another open
space
c. Through court bounded on 2 opposite sides by bldg. lines w/ the other opposite
sides bounded by other open space.
292 Courts
Every court shall have a width not < 2.00m for 1 and 2 storey bldgs. This may
reduced to not < 1.50m in cluster living units (quadruplexes, rowhouses) for 1 or 2
storeys in height w/ adjacent courts w/ area not < 3.00m. Irregularly shaped lots like
triangular shall be < 3.00m
Bldgs more than 2 storeys in height, min width of the court shall be increased at the
rate of 300mm

Yards for Commercial, Industrial, Institutional & Recreational Buildings


ROAD RIGHT OF WAY FRONT SIDE REAR
30M & above 10m 3m
25-29m 8m 3m
293
20-24m 6m
10-19m 4m 2m
Below 10m 2m

2.1 Mixed occupancies, parking requirements shall be the sum of 100% dominant use
2. Parking
& 50% of each of the non-dominant
294 Requirement
2.2 20% of parking requirements may be provided w/in premises
Computation:

2.40x5.00m
perpendicular or
295 Average automobile parking size diagonal,
2.00x6.00m for
parallel
Min of 3.60m by
296 Truck or bus
12.00m

293/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

1.2 Low Income Single Detached living units in housing project areas w/ individual lots
not more than 100sq.m Pooled parking at 1 slot/10 living units
1.3 Multi family units w/ unit floor of: a. Up to 50sq.m 1 slot/8 living units
b. Above 50sq.m to 100sq.m 1 slot/4 living units
c. More than 100sq.m 1 slot/living unit
1.4 Hotels 1 slot/10 rooms
1.5 Residential Hotels & Apartels 1 slot/5 rooms
1.6 Motels 1 slot/unit
1.7 Neighborhood shopping center 1 slot/100 sq.m of shopping floor area
1.8 Markets 1 slot/150 sq.m of shopping floor area
1.9 Restaurants, fast-food centers, bars and beerhouses 1 slot/30 sq.m of customer
area
1.10 Nightclubs, supperclubs and theater-restaurants 1 slot/20 sq.m of customer area
1.11 Office Bldgs 1 slot/125 sq.m of gross floor area
Parking & Loading
297 1.12 Pension/Boarding/Lodging houses 1 slot/20 beds
Space Requirements
1.13 Other Bldgs in Business/Commercial Zones 1 slot/125 sq.m of gross floor area
1.14 Public assembly bldgs such as theaters, cinemas, etc. 1 slot/50 sq.m spectator
area
1.15 Places of Worship & Funeral Parlors 1 slot/50 sq.m of congregation area
1.16 Schools Elementary, Secondary, Vocational & Trade schools 1 slot/10 classrooms
College & Univ. 1 slot/5 classrooms
1.17 Hospitals 1 slot/25 beds
1.18 Recreational Facilities Bowling Alleys 1 slot/4 alleys
Amusement Centers 1 slot/50 sq.m of gross floor area
Clubhouses, beach houses and the like 1 slot/100 sq.m of gross floor area
1.19 Factories, manufacturing establishments, mercantile bldgs, warehouses and
storage bins 1 car slot/1,000 sq.m of gloss floor area
1.20 Tourist bus parking areas 2 bus slots/hotel or theater restaurant

1. A Filipino citizen and Good Moral Character


2. Duly registered Architect or Civil Engineer
QUALIFICATIONS OF
298 3. Member of Accredited organization of not less than 2 years
BUILDING OFFICIAL
4. At least 5 years diversified experience in building design and construction

1. Public Buildings
2. Traditional Indigenous Family
Exemptions of Bldg.
299 Dwellings native materials
Permit
Cost doesnt exceed P15,000

Null & Void not commenced in a period of 1 year


Validity of Building
300 Abandoned work for 120 days
Permits

National Building
301 P.D.. 1096
Code

302 Maximum height of a combustible stand. 2.70 mts.

303 Minimum spacing for seats in a chair type measurement from back to back. 0.85 mtr.

304 Maximum line of travel to an exit of an aisle. 45.00 mts.

305 Maximum slope of an aisle. One is to Eight (1:8)

306 In standard seating, the minimum spacing of rows measured from back to back. 0.84 mtr.

294/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

307 Minimum width of any seat. 0.45 mtr.

1,300 sqmm / 1.30


308 Minimum area of a double acting door view panel.
sqm.

309 Minimum clear width of an exit doorway. 0.70 mtr.

310 Maximum width of an exit door leaf. 1.20 mts.

311 Minimum width of an exit corridor. 1.10 mts.

Minimum number of exit for floors above the first storey having an occupant load of
312 2
more than 10

313 Number of exit for occupant load of 599-999. 3

314 Minimum downward projection of a draft curtain 0.30 mtr.

315 Maximum floor area for an attic made of combustible materials. 250.00 sqm

316 Maximum center to center spacing of a draft curtain sprinkler. 1.80 mts.

317 Maximum floor area for an attic made of incombustible materials. 750.00 sqm.

318 Standard gauge for metal hoods in barbeques. Ga. 18

319 Minimum height of a Siamese connection above grade. 300 mm

320 Standard maximum distance of a standpipe from an opening in a stairway. 300 mm

321 Minimum wall thickness of a fireplace. 200 mm

322 Minimum number of exit for a projection room. 2

323 Minimum extended portion of a chimney above the roof. 600 mm

324 Minimum air space between walls of a masonry chimney above the roof. 2" / 50 mm

325 Minimum thickness of glass used for floors. 12.5 mm

326 Maximum rise of one row of seat to the next. 400 mm / 0.40 mtr.

327 Minimum number of exit for stands within a building serving an occupant load of 300. 3

295/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

328 Minimum height of a guard rail located in front of the grandstand. 0.90 mtr

329 Minimum width of a run in a stand stair. 0.28 mtr.

330 Minimum spacing for seats with backrests measured from back to back. 0.75 mtr.

331 Minimum spacing for seats without backrests measured from back to back. 0.60 mtr.

332 Minimum width of an exit door in an aisle. 1.70 mts.

333 Minimum intensity of lights for exits. 10.70 lux

334 Minimum width of side aisles. 1.10 mts.

335 Minimum increase in width of aisles for every linear meter. 30 mm

336 Minimum width of an aisle serving only one side. 800 mm / 0.80 mtr.

337 Open space requirement for an interior lot. 50% of lot area

338 Open space requirement for a corner lot or a through lot. 10% of lot area

339 Bounded on all sides or around its periphery by building lines. Inner court

340 Minimum stair width for a residence. 750 mm / 0.75 mtr.

341 Standard minimum area of a toilet. 1.20 sqm.

342 Minimum dimension of a kitchen. 1.50 mts.

343 Minimum area for vent shafts. 1.00 sqm.

344 Air space requirement for a school room per person. 3.00 cum.

345 Air space requirement for a habitable room per person. 14.00 cum.

346 Minimum area of opening of an air duct. 300 sqmm / 0.30 sqm

Maximum projection beyond the property line of a footing along the national road and at
347 300 mm
least 2.40 mts. In depth.

348 Minimum clearance of a canopy or a marquee from the sidewalk. 3.00 mts.

296/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

349 Minimum stair width for occupant load of less than 50. 0.90 mtr.

350 Minimum width of a temporary walkway. 1.20 mts.

351 Minimum clearance of an arcade above sidewalk. 3.00 mts.

352 Vacant space left between the building and lot lines less than 2.00 mts in width. Setback

353 Minimum horizontal dimension of a court. 2.00 mts.

354 Minimum width of a passageway connecting a street and a court. 1.20 mts.

355 Standard air space requirement per person for factories. 12.00 cum.

356 Minimum headroom clearance for a mezzanine. 1.80 mts.

357 Air supply per person per minute for auditoriums. 0.30 cum

358 Minimum total area of a window or an opening for a room without artificial ventilation. 10% of flr. Area

359 Minimum dimension for a vent shaft. 0.60 mtr.

360 Minimum horizontal clearance of the curb line to the outermost edge of the marquee. 300 mm

361 Minimum clearance of the lowest portion of an awning to the ground. 2.40 mts.

362 Minimum height of a construction fence. 2.40 mts.

363 Minimum live load bearing capacity of a construction canopy. 600 kgs./sqm.

364 Minimum height of a protective railing in a construction. 1.00 mtr.

365 Minimum wind load capacity for roofs for vertical projection. 120 kgs./sqm.

366 Maximum height of a handrail above the stair thread. 0.90 mtr.

367 Minimum ceiling height for naturally ventilated rooms. 2.70 mts.

368 Minimum height of a handrail above the stair thread. 0.80 mtr.

369 Maximum dimension of a stair landing. 1.20 mts.

297/471
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

370 Maximum slope of an exit court. One is to ten (1:10)

371 Minimum width of run for circular stair. 250 mm

372 Minimum headroom clearance for any stair. 2.00 mts.

373 Maximum slope for an exit passageway. One is to Eight (1:8)

374 Maximum height of a Siamese connection above the ground. 1.20 m

375 Maximum distance of any portion of a building from the nozzle of a 23 mts fire hose. 6.00 mts.

376 Minimum number of exit for any stage. 2

377 Minimum extension of a proscenium wall above the roof. 1.20 mts.

378 Minimum width of a stair in a stage egress. 750 mm

379 Minimum thickness of glass for jalousies. 5.60 mm

380 Maximum length of glass for jalousies. 1.20 mts.

381 Minimum width of exit in a stage. 900 mm

382 Minimum lateral spacing for plastic skylights. 2.50 mts.

383 A store window in which goods are displayed. Show window

384 Maximum width of a business sign. 1.20 mts.

385 Minimum distance of a sign from any electrical post or telephone wires. 1.00 mtr.

386 Minimum open space requirement for a corner lot. 10% of lot area

387 Minimum size of thread for an entrance or exit step. 300 mm

388 Maximum slope for an entrance or exit ramp. One is to ten (1:10)

389 Minimum number of steps for an entrance or exit stair. 2

390 Standard turn circle of a wheelchair. 1.50 mts.

298/471
PREPARED BY:
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

1:125 sqm. Of gross


391 Office building parking ratio.
floor area

392 Standard size of a perpendicular parking slot. 2.40 X 5.00 mts.

393 Hotel building parking ratio. 1:10 bedrooms

394 Hospital building parking ratio. 1:25 beds

395 Maximum distance of a handicapped parking from the facility being served. 60.00 mts.

396 Colleges and university parking ratio. 1:5 classrooms

1:50 sqm. Of
397 Theaters, cinemas, auditoria, and stadia parking ratio.
spectators' area

Minimum number of wheelchair seating space for 51-300 seating capacity for
398 4
auditoriums.

399 Minimum width of a dropped curb. 0.90 mtr.

400 Minimum Dimensions of an accessible elevator. 1.10 X 1.40 mts.

401 Maximum distance of an accessible elevator from the entrance of a building. 30.00 mts.

402 Minimum height of signs on walls and doors for the disabled to see comfortable. 1.40 mts.

403 Minimum door width for an accessible elevator. 0.80 mtr.

404 Minimum dimensions for an accessible water closet stall. 1.70 X 1.80 mts.

405 Maximum height of signs on walls and doors for the disabled to see comfortably. 1.60 mts.

406 Minimum width of a parking slot for the disabled. 3.70 mts.

407 Minimum run of a stair for Group A dwellings (residential) 200 mm

408 Minimum ceiling height from 3rd floor to succeeding floors with artificial ventilation. 2.10 mts.

409 Minimum area of rooms for human habitation. 6.00 sqm.

410 Least dimension of rooms for human habitation. 2.00 mts.

411 Least dimension of an air duct. 300 mm

299/471
PREPARED BY:
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Maximum encroachment into a public sidewalk of a foundation at least 600 mm below


412 500 mm
the grade line.

413 Minimum width of an exit door. 0.90 mts.

414 Maximum width reduced by handrails and doors fully opened to balconies and corridors 200 mm

415 Minimum width of stairs serving more than 50 occupants. 1.10 mts.

416 Minimum width of stairs serving less than 10 occupants. 750 mm

417 Maximum reduction in width of a stair due to trims and handrails. 100 mm

418 Minimum run of a winding stair. 150 mm

419 Maximum run of a winding stair. 300 mm

420 Allowable tolerance in the rise and run of every step. 5 mm

421 Width of stair requiring an intermediate handrail. 3.00 mts.

422 Minimum width of an aisle serving both sides. 1.00 mts.

423 Maximum number of seats between the wall and the aisle. 7

424 Maximum distance between the back of each seat to the front of the seat behind it. 300 mm

425 Maximum width of seat in a stand. 480 mm

426 Maximum projection of a penthouse or other projections above the roof. 8.40 mts

427 Maximum ratio of a penthouse area to that of the supporting roof. one third (1/3)

428 Minimum thickness of masonry chimney for residentials. 100 mm

429 Minimum thickness of rubble stone masonry chimney for residentials. 300 mm

430 Minimum firebox wall thickness. 250 mm

431 Minimum thickness of smoke chamber back walls. 150 mm

432 minimum thickness of front and side smoke chamber walls. 200 mm

300/471
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

433 Minimum number of storeys requiring one (1) or more dry standpipes. 4

434 Minimum volume of water a dry standpipe should provide. 900 liters/minute

435 Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a two-way Siamese connection. 4" (100mm)

436 Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a three-way Siamese connection. 5" (125mm)

437 Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a four-way Siamese connection. 6" (150mm)

438 Minimum volume of water an interior wet standpipe should provide. 190 liters/minute

439 Minimum diameter of a wet standpipe. 2" (50mm)

440 Standard diameter of a dry standpipe opening. 2 1/2" (63mm)

441 Standard length of a fire hose. 23.00 mts

442 Maximum distance of a hose nozzle to any portion of a building. 6.00 mts.

443 Standard diameter of a wet standpipe valve. 38 mm (11/2")

444 Maximum projection into a sidewalk of a sign 4.50 mts. above grade. 1.00 mtr.

445 Minimum vertical clearance from the bottom of a signage to an arcaded sidewalk. 5.00 mts.

446 Minimum vertical clearance from the bottom of a signage to non-arcaded sidewalk. 3.00 mts.

447 Number of days of work abandonment of stoppage for a building permit to expire. 120 days

448 Width of planting strip for sidewalks 2.00 mts in width. 0.80 mtr.

449 Minimum horizontal distance of the curb line to the outermost face of an arcade. 500 mm

450 Maximum vertical clearance of an arcade above grade. 6.00 mts.

451 Slope of ramp of road-way to sidewalk. 1/3 - 1/4

452 Slope of driveway to sidewalk where the height of curb is 200 mm and above. One is to Eight (1:8)

Minimum vertical clearance of primary lines from the crown of the pavement when
453 10.00 mts.
crossing the highway.

301/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Minimum vertical clearance of primary lines from top of sidewalk when installed along
454 7.5 mts.
the side of the highway.

455 Vertical clearance of secondary lines from sidewalks along or crossing the street. 7.5 mts.

456 Minimum clearance of conductors from the highest point of a roof. 2.50 mts.

457 Maximum height of a dumbwaiter. 1.20 mts.

458 Maximum area of a dumbwaiter. 3,861 sqcms.

Minimum clearance of conductors from any platform or ground or projection from which
459 3.00 mts.
they might be reached.

Minimum vertical clearance of service drop of communication lines above ground at its
460 3.00 mts.
point of attachment to than building or pedestal.

461 Vertical clearance of a service drop communication line when crossing a street. 5.50 mts.

462 Maximum capacity of a dumbwaiter. 277 kgs.

463 Minimum width of an access road to a cul-de-sac. 3.00 mts.

464 Unit area per occupant for dwellings. 28.00 sqm.

465 Unit area per occupant for Hotels. 18.6 sqm.

466 Unit area per occupant for offices and garages. 9.30 sqm.

467 Unit area per occupant for class rooms. 1.80 sqm.

468 Unit area per occupant for stores - retail sales rooms upper floors. 5.60 sqm.

469 Unit area per occupant for nurseries for children. 3.25 sqm.

470 Unit area for stores -retail sales room for basement and ground floor. 2.80 sqm.

471 Unit area for hospitals and sanitaria. 8.40 sqm.

472 Unit area per occupant for aircraft hangars without repairs. 46.50 sqm.

473 Unit area per occupant for warehouses and mechanical equipment room. 28.00 sqm.

474 Unit area per occupant for theaters and the like. 0.65 sqm.

302/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

475 Parking requirement for Hotels. 1 slot/5 rooms

Parking requirement for public assembly buildings such as cinemas, auditoria, theaters, 1 slot/50 sqm. Of
476
and the like. spectators' area

477 Parking requirement for multi family living unit of 50 sqm floor area. 1slot/8 units

478 Parking requirement for multi family living unit above 100 sqm floor area. 1 slot/unit

479 Parking requirement for multi family living unit for 50-100 sqm floor area. 1 slot/4 units

1 slot/100 sqm of
480 Parking requirement for clubhouses, beach houses, and the like.
gross flr.area

481 Parking requirement for motels. 1 slot/unit

1 slot/50 parking
482 Minimum parking requirement for the handicapped.
slots

483 Parking requirement for colleges and universities. 1 slot/5 classrooms

484 Parking requirement for elementary, secondary, and vocational schools. 1 slot/10 classrooms

485 In BP344, the required width of a corridor. 1.20 mts.

486 Maximum slope of a drop curb towards the street. 1:20

487 Maximum slope of a drop curb towards adjoining curb. 1:12

488 Maximum spacing for wheelchair turnabouts. 12.00 mts.

489 Maximum slope of a ramp. 1:12

490 Maximum distance of handicapped parking from the structure served. 60.00 mts.

491 Preferred width of corridor for the disabled. 1.50 mts.

492 Maximum height of a water closet from the floor. 0.50 mts.

493 Preferred height of switches from the floor. 1.10 mts.

494 Minimum height of a switch from the floor. 0.90 mts.

495 Maximum height of a switch from the floor. 1.20 mts.

303/471
PREPARED BY:
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

496 Least dimension for a parking slot for the disabled. 3.70 mts.

497 In BP344, the minimum height of a handrail. 0.70 mtr.

498 Maximum length of a ramp for wheelchair. 6.00 mts.

499 Minimum length of a ramp landing for wheelchairs. 1.50 mts.

One or more habitable rooms which are occupied or which are intended or designated
500 Dwelling unit
to be occupied by one family with facilities for cooking , sleeping, living, and eating.

That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly
501 Footing
to the ground or soil.

502 A continuous horizontal layer of masonry units. Course

A room or suite of two or more rooms, designed and intended for , or occupied by one
503 Apartment
family for living, sleeping, eating, and cooking purposes.

A stationary open hearth or brazier, either fuel-fired or electric, used for food
504 Barbecue
preparation.

A portion of the seating space of an assembly room, the lowest part of which is raised
505 Balcony
1.20 mts or more above the level of the main floor.

506 The pipe which connects a flue-burning appliance to a chimney. Chimney connector

A hearth and fire chamber or similarly prepared place in which a fire may be made and
507 Fireplace
which is built in conjunction with a chimney.

A horizontal structural piece which supports the end of the floor beams or joists or walls
508 Girder
over opening.

Same as heliport except that no refueling, maintenance, repairs, or storage of


509 Helistop
helicopters is permitted.

The vertical supports, such as posts or stanchions, as used in indigenous or traditional


510 Suportales
type of construction.

Any surface or underground construction covered on top, or any fire-proof construction


511 Vault
intended for the storage of valuables.

512 A term which may be used synonymously with a partition. Cross wall

513 The unit area per occupant for hotels. 18.60 sqm.

514 The unit area per occupant for dining establishments. 1.40 sqm.

515 The unit area per occupant for theaters. 0.65 sqm.

A building permit shall expire if work authorized is abandoned or suspended at any


516 120 days / 4 mos.
time after commencement for a period of.

304/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Front yards for commercial buildings abutting a road-right-of-way of 25-29 meters shall
517 8.00 mts.
have a minimum width of

518 Offices shall be provided how many cubic meters of air per person? 12.00 cum.

Multiple living units of up to 6 units built on the same lot shall have an access road
519 3.00 mts.
directly connecting said building to a public street a width of.

Sidewalks of 2 mts or more in width shall include on its outer side a planting strip of not
520 800 mm / 0.80 mtr.
less than how many millimeters in width?
Arcades shall be cantilevered from the building line over the sidewalk and the horizontal
521 clearance between the curb line and the outermost face of any part of the arcade shall 500 mm
not be less than.
Business and
522 Printing plants shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
mercantile

523 Power plants shall be classified under what type of occupancy. Industrial

Residentials, hotels
524 Convents shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
and apartments.

Storage and
525 Repair garages shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
hazardous

526 Reformatories shall be classified under what type of occupancy. Institutional

527 Turnabout should also be provided at or whithin how many meters of dead end. 3.50 mts.

528 In B.P. 344, the maximum slope a ramp is. 1:12

529 Under B.P. 344, a level area of not less than how many meters shall be provided at the
1.80 mts.
530 top and bottom of any ramp.

531 Under what classification of occupancy does Mental Hospitals fall? Institutional

Residentials, hotels
532 Under what classification of occupancy does Monasteries fall?
and apartments.

Business and
533 Under what classification of occupancy does Aircraft hagars fall?
mercantile

534 Under what classification of occupancy does cold storage and creameris fall? Industrial

535 Under what classification of occupancy does private garage fall? Accessory

536 Minimum loading slot requirement for Hospitals and hotels. 1 truck loading slot

537 Minimum travel distance from handicapped parking to facility being served. 60 mts.

305/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Percentage required for number of parking if parking garages are available within 200
538 20%
meters of structure.

1/50 sqm of gross


539 Parking requirement for amusement centers.
floor area

1/150 sqm of
540 Parking requirement for markets.
shopping flr area

1/100 sqm of
541 Parking requirement for neigborhood shopping centers.
shopping flr area

542 Parking requirement for multi-family living units of more than 100 sqm of living unit area. 1/living unit

543 Parking requirement for multi-family living units of up to 50 sqm of living unit area. 1/8 living units

1/50 sqm of
544 Parking requirement for places of worhip.
congregation are

Maximum projection of a balcony over a street of over 3 meters but not more than 6
545 0.60 mtr.
mts.

546 Maximum projection of a balcony over a street of 10 mts to less than 11 mts in width. 1.00 mtr.

547 Maximum height of 1st the floor for a 2-story wood structure with a height of 7 mts. 4.50 mts.

548 Maximum spacing of posts for 2-story wooden structure with a height of 8 mts. 4.50 mts.

549 Under what classification of occupancy does fences of over 1.80 mts in height fall? Accessory

Storage and
550 Under what classification of occupancy does Aircraft repair hangars fall?
hazardous

Under what classification of occupancy does factories and workshops using


551 Industrial
incombustible and non-explosive materials.

Storage and
552 Under what classification of occupancy does wood working establishements fall?
hazardous

Business and
553 Under what classification of occupancy does police and fire stations fall?
mercantile

554 Standard length of a Wheelchair. 1.10 - 1.30 mts.

555 Standard width of a wheelchair. 0.60 - 0.75 mts.

How many meters above the floor is the comfortable reach of persons confined to a
556 0.70 - 1.20 mts.
wheelchair.

How many meterd is the comfortable clearance for knee and leg space under tables for
557 0.74 mts.
wheelchair users.

Accessibility, reachability, usability, orientation, workability and efficiency, and ___ are
558 Safety
the basic planning requirements of BP344.

306/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

559 Number of wheelchair seating for an assembly seating capacity of 51-300. 4

Magna Carta for


560 R.A. 7277
Disabled Persons

561 A long interior passageway providing access to several rooms. Corridor

562 A raised rim of concrete, stone or metal which forms the edge of street, sidewalk, etc. Curb

The purpose of the NBC is to provide for all buildings and structures, a framework of
563 standards and requirements which is the minimum

564 Under the NBC abutment on lot lines are allowed only in . Fire zones

Under the NBC, every corridor and exterior exit balcony servings as a required exit for
565 an occupant load of more than ten width shall not be less than 1.20 mts

566 Under the NBC, the vertical distance between landings shall not be more than 3.60 mts

567 Under the NBC, open spaces for corners and through lots is a. 10%

568 Under the NBC, open spaces inside lots is 20%

569 Under the NBC, space required for interior lots is 50%

Under the NBC, the minimum dimension for court or near yard from the property line
570 to the face of the building is 2.00 mts

Under the NBC, a building in R-1 zone shall comply with the open space requirement
571 in the form of 5.00 mts

Under the NBC, clearance between established grade of the street and/ or sidewalk
572 and the lowest under surface of any part of the balcony shall not less than 3.00 mts

573 Under the NBC, the interior lots shall have an access road with a minimum width of 3.00 mts

Under the NBC, gasoline filling and service stations shall classified under what
business &
574 occupancy classification?
mercantile
Under the NBC, display windows or wall signs within how many meters above the
575 sidewalk 3.00 mts

Under the NBC, areas where adequate parking lots/ multi-floor parking garages are
available within 200 mts. of the proposed building / structures only what percent of
576 20%
the parking requirements maybe provided within the premises?

Under the NBC, general units of measurement on consonance with the current
577 worldwide practice follow the System International

578 Under the NBC, the minimum requirements for a parking space is 750 mm

307/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

579 Under the NBC, for Group A Dwellings, stairs shall have a clear width of at least 2.50x5.00

Under the NBC, mezzanine floors shall have a clear ceiling height not less than how
580 many? 1.80 mts

581 Under the NBC, hospitals shall have one parking slot for every how many beds? 25

Under the NBC, all inner courts shall be connected to a street or yard either by a pass
582 with a minimum width of 2.00 mts

Under the NBC, a dwelling shall occupy not more than how many percent of an
583 inside non-corner single frontage lot? 80%

584 Under the NBC, prisons shall be classified under what occupancy classification institutional

585 Under the NBC, cold storage shall be classified under what occupancy classification? storage& mercantile

Under the NBC, factories using not highly combustible materials shall be classified
586 under occupancy classification? industrial

Under the NBC, window openings shall equal to at least of what percent of the floor
587 area of room? 10%

Under the NBC, parking areas for the physically handicapped shall be within how
588 many meters in length? 6.00 mts.

Under the NBC, of only two exits are required, they shall be placed a distance apart
589 of not less than what fraction of? 1/5.

Under the NBC, habitable rooms with natural ventilation shall have a minimum air
590 space per person of 14 cu. mts.

591 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupant of offices is 9.3 m2

Under the NBC, a mezzanine floor use other than for storage purposes shall have at
592 least two stairways to an adjacent floor is the area greater than? 185 sm.

Under the NBC, residential hotels and apartels shall be provided with one parking slot
593 for every how many units? 5 units

594 Under the NBC, for Group A Dwellings, stairs shall have 750 mm

595 Under the NBC, rooms for human habitation shall have a minimum size of 6 m2

business &
596 Under the NBC, reformatories shall be classified under what occupancy classification
mercantile
Under the NBC, repair garages shall be classified under what occupancy
597 classification? storage & hazardous

residential, hotels
598 Under the NBC, convents shall be classified under what occupancy classification?
and apartments

599 Under the NBC, power plants shall be classified under what occupancy classification? storage & hazardous

308/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER


Under the NBC, printing plants shall be classified under what occupancy
600 classification?

Under the NBC, multiple living units of up to six units built on the same lot shall have an
601 3.00 mts.
access road directly connecting said building to a public street a width of

602 Under the NBC, offices shall provide how many cubic meters of air space per person? 12 cu. mts.

Under the NBC, front yards for commercial buildings abutting a road right-of-width
603 of 25-29 m shall be 8 mts.

Under the NBC, a building permit shall expire if work authorized is abandoned or
604 suspended at any time after commencement or a period of 120 days

605 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupants of theaters is 65 m2

606 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupant of dining establishments is 1.4 m2

607 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupant of hotels is 18.6 m2

Under the NBC, the fire station shall be classified under what occupancy
business &
608 classification?
mercantile

residential, hotels &


609 Under the NBC, monasteries shall be classified under what occupancy classification?
apartments
Under the NBC, air craft repair hangers shall be classified under what occupancy
610 classification? storage & hazardous

Under the NBC, in mixed occupancies the parking requirements shall be the sum of
611 100% of the dominant use and what percent of the dominant uses? 50%

Under the NBC, habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation for buildings of
612 more than one-storey shall have a minimum ceiling height of the first storey at 2.40 mts.

Under the NBC, multiple living units of 16 to 25 units built on the same lot shall have
613 an access road directly connecting said buildings to a public street a width of 3.00 mts.

Under the NBC, the entry ramp of the driveway connecting the roadway surface to
614 the sidewalk shall have a slope ranging from 1/3 to

Under the NBC, every room intended for any use and not provided with artificial
ventilation system shall be provided with a window with a total free area of opening
615 10%
equal to at least how many percent of the floor area of the room?

616 Under the NBC, for Group A Dwellings, stairs shall have a minimum run of 200 mm.

617 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupant of laboratories is 4.6 m2

618 Under the NBC, the unit area per occupant of apartment is 28 sm.

Under the NBC, the term that shall mean the total number of persons that may occupy
619 a building or a portion thereof at any one time is occupant load

309/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

620 Accessible parking should have a minimum width of _________ 3.70 mts.

Perpendicular and diagonal parking for average auto mobile should have a minimum
621 2.50m x 5.00m
_________

622 Parallel parking for average auto mobile should have a minimum __________ 2.15m x 6.00m

623 Jeepney / shuttle parking slot should have a minimum __________ 3.00m x 9.00m

624 Standard truck / bus parking slot must have a minimum __________ 3.60m x 12.00m

625 An articulated truck slot must be computed at a minimum of __________ 3.60m x 18.00m

626 Parking slot ratio of Bowling Alley 1 car : 4 alley

627 Parking ratio of Private Hospital 1 car : 12 beds

628 What is the minimum requirement for Total Open Spaces for Through Lot? 10% open space

629 What is the minimum requirement for Total Open Spaces for Corner Lot? 10% open space

Mezzanine floor shall have a clear ceiling height not less than ________ above and
630 1.80m
below it.

631 What is the minimum Kitchen size? 3.00m2

632 What is the least dimension for Room (Human Habitations)? 2.00m

633 What is the minimum requirement for Total Open Spaces for Inside Lot? 20% open space

634 What is the minimum requirement for Total Open Spaces for End Lot? 50% open space

635 Least dimension for Toilet and Bath? 0.90m

Habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation shall have ceiling height not less than
636 2.40m
__________ measured from the floor to ceiling.

637 What is the minimum dimension for Accessible Elevator? 1.10m x 1.40m

Accessible elevator should be located not more than __________ from the entrance
638 30 m.
and should be easy to locate with the aid of signs.

639 Accessible water closet stalls shall have a minimum dimension of __________. 1.70m x 1.80m

640 Passenger train shall have at least __________ designated seats for disabled person. 6

310/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

641 How many risers shall be constituted as a stairway? 2 or more

A bar which extends across at least the width of each door leaf, which will open the
642 Panic hardware
door if subjected to pressure.

643 Any change, addition, or modification in construction of occupancy. Alter / Alteration

644 Contractors License law RA 4566

Who shall be the responsible for carrying out the provision of the Building Code as well
645 Building Officials
as the enforcement of orders?

646 A court bounded on all sides or around its periphery by building lines. Inner court

The physical development within a lot or property that is under-utilized, unfit / unsafe for
647 Redevelopment
habitation / use or within other lots / properties that are similarly situated.

The fully enclosed component of the building / structure situated between the
648 establishment grade and the first of a typical floor of the building / structures tower Podium
component.

649 The stone or marker at the head of a grave. Headstone

650 How many storey is considered as High-Rise Building? 16 up storey

651 How many storey is consider as Low-Rise building? 1 5 Storey

A portion of a yard for which the permitted limit of paving / hardscaping shall not exceed
652 Courtyard
50% of the area of the yard.

653 What pipe color is for Hot Water? Yellow

654 What pipe color is for Cold Water? Green

The angle of inclination of an escalator shall not exceed __________ form the
655 30 degree
horizontal.

The rate and speed, measured along the angle of inclination, shall be not more than
656 38 m./min.
__________ meters per minute.

657 Comfortable cooling shall be maintained at __________ 20 deg C 24 deg C

Hoistway pit for elevators shall be of such depth that when the car rest on the fully
658 compressed buffers, a clearance of not less than __________ remains between the 600 mm.
underside of the car and the bottom of the pit.

659 How many storey shall a dry stand pipe be equipped with it? 4 Storey

. What is the maximum total projection of balcony if the width of the streets are over
660 1.50m
14.00 meters

311/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

661 Water Code of the Philippines PD 1067

662 What is the minimum road right-of-way width to be able to construct a basement? 10.00m

663 Escalators width shall not be less than __________ 560mm

What is the minimum width of planting strip (for glass and shrubs) for each side of the
664 200mm
RROW?

Sidewalks of 2.00 meters or more width shall include on its outer side a planting strip of
665 800mm
not less than _________ in width.

666 What is the minimum radius for Cul-de-sac? 9.15 m.

667 Escalators width shall not exceed the width of the steps by more than __________ 330 mm

What is the minimum clear opening of a window to be able to consider as a mean of


668 820mm x 1000mm
egress?

Firewall with a minimum 2 hour fire-resistive rating constructed with a minimum height
669 400mm
clearance of __________ above the roof.

670 What is the minimum setback for residential-1? 4.50 x 2.00 x 2.00

What is the minimum setback for Commercial buildings if the RROW is 30.00m and
671 8.00 x 5.00 x 5.00m
above?

672 What is the minimum width of planting strip (for trees) for each side of the RROW? 300mm

673 What is the minimum Total Open Space for Corner-through lot? . 5% open space

674 What is the minimum Total Open Space for Interior Lot? 50% open space

675 Roof The wind load for roof shall be atleast __________ kg/m2 for vertical projection. 120

Footing shall be of sufficient size and strength to support the load of the dwelling and
676 250mm & 600mm
shall be at least __________ thick and __________ below the surface of the ground.

What is the required distance of ingress / egress of vehicles for commercial lot near
677 50.00m
major intersections?

678 A store window in which goods are displayed. Show Window

A building permit issued under the provision of the Building Code shall expire and
679 become null and void if the building or work authorized therein is not commenced within 12 months
a period of _________

A certificate of Occupancy shall be issued by the Building Official within __________ if


680 30 days
after final inspection and submittal of a Certificate of Completion.

312/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

681 What is the Air Space requirement for a Habitable Rooms? 14.00m3

Any portion of building above the first floor projecting over the sidewalk beyond the first-
682 Arcade
storey wall used as protection for pedestrians against rain or sun.

That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly
683 Footing
to the soil or the pile.

All the portions of the building or structure below the footing, the earth upon which the
684 Foundation
structure rests.

A horizontal structural piece which supports the end of the floor beams or joist or walls
685 Girder
over opening.

The same as a heliport except that no refueling, maintenance, repairs or storage of


686 Helistop
helicopters is permitted.

687 A corridor or passageway used in common by all the occupants within a building. Common Hall

The beam or girder placed over an opening in a wall, which supports the wall
688 Lintel
construction above.

A Lodging House is any building or portion thereof, containing not more than
689 5
__________ guest rooms where rent is paid in money, goods, labor, or otherwise.

690 The wall between the bottom of the window sill and the ground. Masonry Socalo

691 The underside of a beam, lintel or reveal. Soffit

692 . A wall which supports any load other than its own weight. Bearing Wall

The enclosing wall of an iron or steel framework or the nonbearing portion of an


693 Curtain Wall
enclosing wall between piers.

What is the Wheelchair Seating Capacity for an Auditoriums that has 51 -300 seating
694 4
capacity?

695 Pertaining to the measurement of the human body. Anthropometrics

696 An exit, or a means of going out. Egress

697 Ramps should have a minimum clear width of __________ 1.20m

698 All doors should have a minimum clear width of __________ 0.80 m.

699 Corridors should have a minimum clear width of __________ 1.20m

700 The Fire Code of the Philippines PD 1185

Dropped curbs shall be sloped toward the road with a maximum gradient of
701 1:20
__________ to prevent water from collecting at the walkway.

313/471
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STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

702 The minimum width of a curb cut-out should be __________ 0.90m

703 Curb cut-outs should not have a gradient not more than __________ 1:12

704 What is the minimum dimension for Rest Stops on busy or lengthy walkways? 12.00m

705 Minimum walkway headroom should be __________ 2.00 mts

Ramps shall be equipped with curbs on both side with a minimum height of
706 0.10 m
__________

The railing should incorporate a tapping rail to assist the blind; this should not be
707 0.35 m
greater than __________ above the adjacent surface.

Blighted Area; Eyesore; An area where the value of real estate tend to deteriorate
708 because of the dilapidated, obsolescent, and insanitary condition of the building within Slum
the area.

709 What is the minimum length of a chaflans? 4.00m

Entrance with vestibules shall be provided a level area with at least a __________
710 1.80m
depth and a 1.50m width.

The length of ramp should not exceed __________ if the gradient is 1:12, and shall
711 6.00m
provided with landing not less than 1.50m

712 What is the incremental setback per storey above the second floor level? 0.30m

713 Arcade pedestrian walkways shall have a clear height of __________ 3.00m

All pipe materials to be used in buildings/ structures shall conform to the standard Bureau of Product
714
specification of the __________ of the Department of Trade and Industry. Standards

715 The live load at first floor shall be at least __________ kg/m2 200 kg/m2

716 The live load for the second floor shall be at least __________ kg/m2 150 kg/m2

Multi-floor parking garages may serve the 20% parking requirements of the building /
717 200
structure within __________ meter radius.

What is the minimum required parking slot for offices, commercial or mixed-use
718 1 car : 2 units
condominium buildings / structures if the unit gross area is 18 40 m2?

In BP 344, Handrails that required full grip should have a minimum dimension of
719 30 cm.
__________cm 50 cm

In BP 344, The lowest point of a dropped curb should not exceed _________ height
720 25 mm.
above the road or gutter.

314/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

721 Which does the building code regulate and control? Construction

formulate guidelines
Which is not part of the general powers and functions of the secretary of the Public
722 on land-use planning
Works, Transportation and Communication pertinent to the National Building Code?
and zoning

723 Who is responsible in carrying out the provisions of the National Building Code? Building Officials

What are the two cases which invalidates the building permit. I - when construction
does not commence with in one year from the date of its issue; II - when construction is
724 I & IV
suspended for more than one year; III - when construction is suspended for six
months; IV - when construction is suspended or abandoned for a period of 120 days :::

Which is a reason or ground for non-issuance, suspension or revocation of a building errors found in plans
725
permit? and specifications

certificate of
726 What document is necessary in order to legally occupy a building?
occupancy

727 Where is the measurement of site occupancy taken? gross floor area

728 Which is not a determinant in the limitation of maximum site occupancy? Use

729 What is the minimum height of ceilings for spaces that are naturally ventilated 2.7 m.

What is the minimum head room clearance for the third floor that is artificially
730 2.10 m.
ventilated?

731 The minimum window area for a 12 square meter naturally ventilated room. 1.2 m2

732 An off premise sign. advertising sign

733 In order to positively drain a sidewalk, its slope shall be about ___. 1:50

734 When means of exit is insufficient. Fire Hazard

Any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building or
735 Addition
structure.

736 Change from residential to commercial use of a building. Concersion

737 Construction of partitions and roofing on the roof deck in order to make it habitable. Addition

738 Comfortable cool temperature is _____ 20-23 centigrade

315/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

739 What is the minimum access road that is provided by the National building code? 3 m.

Which office issue certificate of height clearance for buildings located within approach
740 Air Trans. Office
and departure zones of airports?

741 Which is not required in applying for a building permit? Bussiness Permit

742 Which is the most important basic need of human settlement? Water

743 What is the minimum slope for accessible ramps for disabled? 1:12

Is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed
744 objects such as buildings and Building Codes
nonbuilding structures.

Under PD 1096 the executive officer of OBO appointed by the sectary to enforce the
745 provision of the code in the field Building official
as well as the enforcement or orders and decisions made pursuant thereto.

This wall is sometimes constructed over the center of the property line dividing two
terraced flats or row houses so
746 Party Walls
that one half of the wall is on each property. They are sometimes two abutting walls
built at different times.
Usually gives us architect problems, we have to verify with the barangay or homeowner
association for preliminary
747 Local Ordinances
approval to avoid conflict with our design and to avoid delay in our application of
permits.

Minimum Gauge of galvanized sheet used for


748 GA 26
downspouts.

749 Minimum extension of the VSTR above the roof. 15 cms.

Minimum extension of the VSTR above an openable


750 0.90 mtr.
window, door opening, air intake, or vent shaft.

751 Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35. 3

Required number of water closets for males for an


752 2
auditorium serving 16-35.

Required number of urinals for an auditorium serving


753 1
10-50.

Required number of water closets for females for a


754 4
theater serving 51-100.

Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary


755 1:30
and secondary school.

Ratio of water closets for female population for


756 1:25
elementary and secondary school.

757 Ratio of urinals for elementary school. 1:75

316/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

Ratio of water closets for female population for Principal


758 1:75
Worship Places.

Minimum required number of water closets for female for


759 4
office and public buildings serving 55 occupants for employees.

Where there is exposure to skin contamination due to


760 poisonous materials, what is the ratio of lavatory to number of 1:5
occupants

Under NBC, the clearance between the underside of the


761 600 mm
car and the bottom of the pit shall not be less than ___.

Under NBC, the minimum diameter of hoisting and


762 30 mm
counterweight rope.

Under NBC, the minimum width between balusters in an


763 558 mm
escalator.

Under NBC, the maximum rated speed of an escalator


764 38 Meters/Min
along the angle of travel.

765 Defining open space in residential subdivision PD 1296

Home Insurance &


A key house agency that assist private developers to undertake
766 Guarantee
low and middle income mass housing production
Corporation (HIGC)

A ____________ is a ___________ which extends vertically from


lowest portion of the wall which adjoins two living units up to a
767 minimum height of 0.30 meters above the highest portion of the roof Firewall; fireblock
and extends horizontally 0.30 meters beyond the outermost edge of
the abutting living units?

768 Condominium & Subdivision, Bridges Protective Law. PD 957

This means, an entities, agencies, organization & the like that


have been accredited/registered with the Board of Architecture of
the Professional Regulation Commission to deliver seminars, lectures,
769 CPD Provider
& other continuing Professional Education Modules for Architects,
other than the IAPOA which is automatically accredited by the Board
of Architecture?

770 BP 220: The parking requirement for multi-family dwelling is 1 slot/family dwelling

PD 957: In Design Standards for Residential Condominium


771 Projects, offsite parking is allowed but must NOT be more how may 100 meters
meters away from the building it serves?

PD 1185: Which of the following denotes a fire involving


772 Class B Fire
flammable liquids and gasses?

773 Minimum exit door width. 0.71 mtr.

774 Minimum floor to ceiling height. 2.30 mts.

317/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

775 Maximum stair rise height for a class A stair. 0.19 mtr.

776 Maximum height between landings for class A stair. 2.75 mts.

777 Minimum headroom for class A & B stairs. 2.00 mts.

778 Unit area per person for waiting areas or standing rooms. 0.28 sqm.

779 Number of exits for place of assembly for 1000 occupants 4

780 Travel distance to an exit without fire sprinkler system. 46.00 mts.

781 Travel distance to an exit with fire sprinkler system. 61.00 mts.

782 Minimum spacing of rows of seats from back to back for a public assembly building. 0.83 mtr.

783 Maximum number of seats in a row in between aisles. 14

784 Maximum number of seats in a row opening on to an aisle at one side. 7

785 Standard width of a seat without dividing arms for places of assembly. 60 cms.

786 Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60. 91 cms.

787 Minimum headroom created by any projection from the ceiling. 2.00 mts.

788 Minimum clear width of turnstiles. 56 cms.

789 Minimum dimension of landings in direction of travel for class A & B stairs. 112 cms.

790 Minimum number of risers in any one (1) flight of stairs. 3

791 Minimum height of a handrail above the upper surface of the tread. 76 cms.

792 Minimum clearance of a handrail from any wall. 38 mm.

793 Minimum height of a guard rail. 91 cms.

794 Maximum height of a guard rail. 106 cms.

795 Minimum inner radius of a monumental stair. 7.50 mts.

796 Minimum width of any balcony or bridge. 112 cms.

797 Minimum width of a class A ramp. 112 cms.

798 Maximum rise of any floor from the balcony floor to which an access door leads. 20.3 cms

318/471
PREPARED BY:
ALEXANDER SAN ANDRES

STANDARD CODES REVIEWER

799 Maximum vertical height in floors for an escalator. 1floor

800 Minimum width of a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 55.9 cms.

801 Minimum width of landing for a fire escape stair for existing stairs. 55.9 cms.

802 Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for small buildings. 15.25 cms.

803 Maximum rise of fire escape stair for a small building. 30.5 cms.

804 Maximum rise of fire escape stair for existing stairs. 22.9 cms.

805 Maximum height between landings for a fire escape stair for existing