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200 1 1 2001 , 1

141 Fo reign Languages and T heir T eaching Serial 141



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Abstract :
T he functionalist views of sty listics constitute one of the main schools in sty listic theories , which emphasize that the
formation of sty le is related to the function the speaker/ w riter intends to achieve in using the language .T his article introduces the
Prague School' s viewpoints concerning factors , differentiation , standard lang uage and the application of relevant principles , the
systemic_functionalist Halliday ' s elaboration about prominence and foreg rounding , tex t and style , etc .A t different stages , and the
latest report of Bakhtin' s theories of speech genre and personal style , especially the inherent and universal dialogicality .
Key words :
functionalism , sty listics , standard language , prominence , speech genre

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1004 -6038(2001)01 -0002-07

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7
in S eymou r Chat man ed .Literary S tyle ;A S ymposiu m .
O xford .
(
, 1978 :
144)
[ 9 ] Halliday , M .
A.K.
1983 .
Forew ord , in Cummings and Sim mons .
4.
3
1983 .
vii -xiv .
, , [ 10] Halliday , M .
A.K.
1987a .
Forew ord , in Bi rch & O' Toole .
1987 .
, [ 11] Halliday , M .
A.K.
1987b .
Poet ry as sci entif ic discourse;
t he nucle-
;
ar sect ions of Tennyson' s In M emoriam , in Bi rch & O' Toole.
1987 .
,
[ 12] Hjelmslev , Louis .1961/ 1963 .Prolegomena to a Theory of Lan-
, ( ,1978 :
148)
guage .
t r .by Francis j .Wh it f ield .M adison :University of Wis-
4.
4 consi n Press .
( [ 13] Jakobson , Roman .1960 .
Linguist ics and Poet ics , in Thomas A .
Sebeok ed .
1960 .
also in Jakobson 1987 .
) (dialogicity),
[ 14] Jakobson , Roman .1987 .Lang uage in Li terat ure .Cambridge,
, ,
M ass :
Harvard .
( , [ 15] Levin , .S .R .1965 .
Int ernal and ext emal deviati on in poet ry ,
) , Word 21 , 225 -237 .
(monologue)( , 1952 :
208) [ 16] M ukarovsky , Jan .
1964 .
St andard Languge and Poetic Language .
in Prag ue S chool Reader on Esthet ics , Li terary St ructure , and
S tyle .
tr . G arvi n .G eorgetow n U niversity Press .
by Paul L.
:
[ 17] M ukarovsky , J .
1976 .On Poet ic Language .
T ranslated and edit ed
[ 1 ] Birch , D avi d and M ichael O ' Toole.(eds .
)1988 .Fu nctions of
by John Burbank and Peter S tei ner .
N ew Haven :Yale U niversity
S tyle .
London and N ew Y ork :
Pinter .
Press .
[ 2 ] Cummings , M ichael & Robert Si mmons .1983 .The Language of
[ 18] M ukarovsky , J .1977 .The Word and Verbal Ar t .translated and
Li terat ure:A St ylisti c In troduct ion to the S t udy of Liter ature .
edit ed by John Burbank and Peter St einer.New Haven :
Yale U ni-
Pargamon Press .
26 -32 .
versity Press .
[ 3 ] Dubsky , J .1972.
The Prague conception of f unctional style, in
[ 19] M ukarovsky , J .
1978 .
S t ruct ure , S ty le and F unction .
N ew Haven ,
Fried(1972).
112 -27 .
Y ale U niversity Press.
[ 4 ] Fi rth , J .R .1951 .
M odes of meaning , in Firth 1957 .Papers in
[ 20] V an Peer , Willie.1986 .S t ylisti cs and Psychology :Investi ga tions
Li ngui st ics , 1934 -1951 .
London :
O xf ord U niversity Press .
of Foregrou ndi ng .
London :
Croom Helm .
[ 5 ] Fried , V .
1972 .
[ ed .
] .The Prague S chool of Li nguist ics and Lan-
[ 21] W horf , B.L.1956 .Lang uage , Thought and Reali ty :Select ed
guage Teachi ng .
London :
O xford U ni versit y Press .
W rit ings of Benjamin Lee W horf .
edit ed and w it h an int roduction
[ 6 ] Halliday , M .A .K .
1961 .Categories of t he Theory of G rammar .
Carroll .
by John B. Cambridge , M ass , :
M.L.
T.Press .
Wor d .
Vol .
17(3), 241 -292 .
[ 22] , 1952 .
,
[ 7 ] Halliday , M .
A .K .
1964 .
Descript ive linguistics in lit erary stud-
, :
, 1998 .
188 -272 .
ies .
G.D uthie ed.Eng lish S t udies Today .
[ 23] , 1978 .
, , :

[ 8 ] Halliday , M .
A.K .1971 .
Linguisti c function and literary style:an
, 1998 .
140 -187 .
inqui ry int o the language of William G olding' s ' The Inheri tors' .

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