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H03 A 1672-9382(2009) 02-0032-08

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S a m u e l J o h n s o n

H a r t m a n n19839


H a r t m a n n
Bejoint1994

20052008

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gd.cn
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lexical pragmatics


9 a. Tom bought me the book.
b. Tom can recite the book.
10 a.

b.


9b o o k
9a
9b 10a

http://www.xici.net/b681615/
d72575712.htm 10b

1~4


5
2008
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quite your color.
17 Is that true, I wonder?

3 I/we wonderI/we
4 wonderedI was wondering/we were
w o n d e r i n g
5




2003


3

20 21




/ /

2004 / / /
x i v Q u i r k



language notes
COBUILD
2006

maybe, perhaps, possibly 1
w o n d e r 2 3 4

wonder 5
6


A
11 We were wondering whether youd like w i l l
to come to dinner next week. Will you stay for supper? Will
B you join me for a drink?
12 I wonder if you should go by train.
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13 I wonder if youd find it easier to do it 2003


this way. darling, dear love
C
14 I wonder whether you could spare me a
Mar. 2009

moment.
15 We were wondering if you could help us. 2002
D language awareness
L C

16 Its a lovely dress but I wonder if its


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18 The White House probably wont make
this plan public until July.
19 Van Gogh is probably the best-known

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oh, well painter in the world.



probably
i f
6 used when politely asking someone to do
something or when asking for permission to
do something ... if 20 He probably thinks youre both crazy.

p r o b a b l y








2002 6
3
7

probably not, very probably, very/most
probably

4.1.2
2002
3


4



C O B U I L D



4.1 probably

4.1.1 probably
C O B U I L D
2006probably

probably

35
21
22


21


22
4.2 I guess

probably I guess

I guess
3. )
7

4. a

4
b

3.
2003


2002

COBUILD 6.
2006
3.1

COBUILD 2002 3.2
3.3

I guess 24 A: Sure?
ab B: I guess so. Nothing else seems to
make such sense.
25 I guess I was thinking about loud ...

23 I guess I got the news a day or so late.
Vol.6 No.2 (General Serial No.28)

COBUILD I g u e s s
I g u e s s
4.5
C O B U I L D
Mar. 2009


I g u e s s
24
L C

25 I guess
F

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I
g u e s s
w e g u e s s






A. A.



26






27 30








B.


31
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29


30



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B .





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same
C. a s







5

p r o b a b l y
I guess


I think /
33 / /

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pragmatic class


Mar. 2009




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[7] . [J].
2005(5).
[8] .

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[J]. .
[9] . [M].
2003.
[10] . [Z].
2004(5).
[11] . [M].

05JJD740005 2001.
[12] .

NCET-05
[M]. 2005.

Contextual Independence of Lexical


[1] Hartmann, R. R. Lexicography: Principles and Pragmatic Information and the Inefficiency
Practice [M]. London: Academic Press, 1983. of Its Interpretation in Dictionaries
[2] Bejoint, Menri. Tradition and Innovation in Abstract: With the aim of exploring how to enrich
Modern English Dictionaries[M]. Oxford: pragmatic information in learners dictionaries,
Clarendon Press, 1994. this study analyzes the instantaneousness of
[3] Verschueren, Jef. Understanding Pragmatics lexical information and its contextual dependence.
[M]. London: Edward Arnold, 1999. Pragmatic differences between lexical interpretation
[4] . [M]. in dictionaries and contextual uses are exemplified,
1999. some inefficiency and serious issues about lexical
[5] . interpretation have been found, pragmatic class for
[J]. words and expressions with pragmatically dominated
20035. information has therefore been proposed.
[6] .
[M]. Key Words: lexical pragmatics; lexical interpretation;
2002. contextual dependence; pragmatic class

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stylisticstextology

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