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Chhattisgarh Basin
Basin Introduction :
Chhattisgarh basin is the largest Purana basin I Bastar craton. The craton is dotted with several smaller basins like Khariar,
(https://www.ndrdgh.gov.in/NDR/Images/ChhattisgarhBasin/9.gif)Ampani, Indravati and sabari (Sukma),
besides many outliers like Keskal, Singanpur and Chedrapal. Although Kale (1991) believed that each
Purana basin is unique with well-de ned boundaries and not an erosional remnant or atectonic
depression, the prevailing opinion is that the isolated basins and outliers in Bastar craton are part of
once-continuous basin ll that got fragmented by basement doming and denudation (Ahmad, 19558;
Ramakrishnan, 1987; Chaudhuri et al. 2002).


Chhattisgarh basin covering as area of about 36000 sq. km is situated on the northern edge of Bastar craton. It is bounded by the
Kotri-Dongargarh orogen in the west, Satpura mobile belt in the north, Gondwana graben of Mahanadi in the northeast and the
Eastern Ghats mobile belt in the southeast. In the south, the basin overlies the basement gneiss enclosing the Sonakhan greenstone
belt. Chhattisgarh basin is the third largest Purana basin after the Vindhayan and Cuddapah, and extends for about 300 km in the E-W
and 200 km in the N-S directions, with an irregular rectangular con guration. Vast limestone and dolomite resources of the basin feed
the Bhilai Steel Plant and the cement factories in the vicinity. The granitic terrain surrounding the basin has been recently found to
host a number of kimberlite pipes.

Pioneering geological work in the basin was carried out by V. Ball, W. King and F.D. Smith, followed by N.V.B.S. Dutt in 1964 and W.A.
Schnitzer in 1971. Muti (1987, 1996), Das et al. (1992, 2001), Chaudhari et al. (2002) and Deb (2004) provide recent geological summaries
of the basin. The basin contains about 2500 m thick sediments of orthoquartzite-carbonate-pelite suite, deposited in multiple
sedimentary cycles, intercalated with minor felsic volcanics and pyroclastics and punctuated by uncomformities. Each cycle starts with
arreaceous facies and ends up with shale-limestone facies. The basin is divided into two sub-basins, the Hirri in the west and Baradwar
in the east separated by the Sonakhan high over the Sonakhan greenstone belt. Two small proto-basins containing the oldest
sequences in the east at Singhora and Barapahar.

Lithostratigraphy of Chhattisgarh Supergroup :

Group Formation(thickness(in Lithology


m)

Raipur Group (1900 m) Maniari Shale (70) Purple shale, dolomite, gypsum

Hirri Dolomite (70) Grey dolomite

Tarenga Shale (180) Dolomitic shale, shale-chert beds, purple shale, limestone

Chandi Limestone (670) Stromatlitic dolomite, limestone, glauconitic sandstone, shale

Gunderdehi Shale (430) Shale with limestone interbeds, arenite-shale, ignimbrite

Charmuria Limestone Phosphatic limestone with shale interbeds, cherty limestone and phosphatic dolomite, chert-
(490) shale interbeds

Bijepur Shale (100) Green and brown calcareous shale with sandy interbeds

Chandrapur Group Kansapathar Sandstone Galuconitic sandstone
(400 m) (200)

Chaporadih Shale (200) Shale with arenite interbeds


Lohardih Conglomerate Purple arkose, gritty arenite and basal conglomerate
(20)

Singhora Group (400 Chhuipali Shale (300) Shale with chert, limestone, dolomite, siltstone
m)
Bhalukona Sandstone Sandstone, siltstone, minor shale
(20)

Saraipali Shale (60) Variegated shale with siltstone, limestone, porcellanite, felsic tu

Rehatikhol Conglomerate Felspathic arenite, arkose and basal conglomerate


(20)

-Noncon rmity-

Crystalline basement of Bastor craton

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Last updated: February 26, 2016

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