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U

SUN PATH RELATIVE HUMIDITY AVERAGE MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE


S 09:00
100 %
General Condition General Condition

L 17 April
E
80 %

60 %
Based on the chart, Subang Jaya
is humid throughout the year. The
34 C
32 C
31 C
29 C
Max Temperature
Min Temperature
Northeast Mon
Based on the chart, Subang
Jaya is generally hot all year
southwest monsoon season (dry round. The southwest

O
27 C Southwest Mon
05:00 40 % season) causes low humidity in the 25 C
monsoon season, May to
14:00 24 C
space, whereas the northeast 22 C
September, and the month
20 %
monsoon season (rainy season) at end of the northeast

U
20 C

A S slightly increases the humidity monsoon season, March,


0%
Pocket Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
levels in the space. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec are the periods where the
Garden Northeast Mon Southwest Mon
Humidity (%) space is hottest.
Temp ( C)

N
N 100 %
On-Site Condition (17th April)
B B 17:00 40 C
On-Site Condition (17th April)
80 % Interior Of Lounge
Through the second graph, it can 35 C
Pocket Garden The second chart shows that
be seen that the garden is more 30 C

G
the garden is slightly cooler
60 %
Interior of 18:25
Lounge humid than the interior space. In 25 C

A 20 C than the interior space.


W 40 %
relation to the temperature graph, 15 C Temperatures are highest
09:00 the humidity level is highest at
20 % 10 C
during 2 p.m. and are the

E
2.00pm and lowest at 9.00am. 5 C
lowest in the morning at
Time (Hours)
Time (Hours)
0900 1400 1700 9 a.m.
0900 1400 1700
Interior Of Lounge Pocket Garden

1st Floor Commercial Block 1, Jalan


Taylors, Taylors University Lakeside Interior of
Lounge The morning sun heats up the AVERAGE MONTHLY WIND SPEED PSYCHOMETRIC CHART AH

Campus Bandar Sunway, 47100, Pocket east facade, radiating heat


4.0 mph Northeast Data Points of U-Lounge 30
Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia Garden to the rest of the space. Mon The average wind speed in Taylors Lakeside University
3.5 mph
Section A-A Southwest Subang Jaya is constant all Data Points of Pocket Garden,
14:00 3.0 mph Mon year - round. Both monsoon Taylors Lakeside University
25
2.5 mph
3.0631 N seasons bring in higher wind
Source : Project Cassa de Terra, Petaling Jaya
2.0 mph speeds while the transition
1.5 mph months, April and October, Data Points : 1st January - 31st December 20

1.0 mph have lower winds that lead to Location : Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
101.6167 E
o.5 mph poor ventilation in the space. Barometric Pressure : 101.36 kPa 15
o.o mph
The spaces are relatively Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Pocket shaded, aside from the 10


17 APRIL 2017 Interior of
Garden Lounge pocket garden that

Section B-B
receives indirect sunlight. WIND ROSE 5
U-Lounge is a place where residents of the
17:00

E
university gather, both recreationally as well Majority of the wind DBT ( C) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

as for educational purposes. comes from the


northeast and southwest
From the psychrometric chart above , to achieve thermal comfort,

S
The west block of the U- regions. The winds
generated from the east both the temperature and humidity of the space being studied
Residence prevents the N
are strongest and affects must be inside the range of the blue box which is known as the
evening sun from entering
the space the most. comfort zone. In reference to the comfort zone, the dry build
the spaces.
The south and west winds temperature should range from 23 C to 27 C while the relative
are blocked by buildings humidity should range 20% to 70%. Therefore, solutions shall be

W
and are also much slower. proposed for the U-Lounge so that this area is able to maintain its
temperature and humidity level within the thermal comfort zone.

ISSUES IDENTIFICATION
INTERIOR OF LOUNGE
LACK OF VENTILATION HEAT GAIN AT GARDEN LACK OF NATURAL LIGHTING
POCKET GARDEN IN THE SPACES
The garden is enclosed by glass with a The ceiling of the lounges interior
The interior spaces of the lounge polycarbonate sheet as the roofing space is painted a dark colour that
are enclosed with glass doors and material. The transparency of the causes the space to seem darker,
windows that prevent proper polycarbonate sheet allows for maximum ultimately creating a gloomy
ventilation. North-east and south sunlight penetration. Due to its position, the atmosphere. In addition, buildings
winds blow most frequently but the space only receives direct sunlight mid-day, block both the east and west sides of
winds from the south are blocked by from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., when temperatures the space, reducing the amount of
buildings. The hot weather and lack are at their highest. This, with the addition of light entering the space. Artificial
of wind ultimately causes discomfort the surrounding glass causes the space to be lighting is excessively used to increase
towards the users. Air-conditioning is extremely hot during the day. Vegetation was visibility.
used majority of the time to increase planted to aid the condition but was not able
the comfort levels. to make much of a change.
C
MENARA UMNO, PENANG DESIGN SOLUTIONS
A 1 : OPERABLE WINDOW
S Climate
1: OPERABLE WINDOW 2 : OPERABLE LOUVERED ROOF SYSTEM

E Tropical

Source
Antony, W. Ruba, S. LOUVER
(2013). Natural 3600 GUTTER

S Ventilation in High-
rise Office Buildings.
A pergola with louvered roofing system is added above the pocket garden.
This roof system amplify solar control with louvers configurations controlled

T
New York: Routledge.
by electric motor drives which can be oriented in any direction desirable for
maximum control over sunlight. Hence, blocking away heat and sunlight

U
Long axis of this building is oriented in line with the two from penetrating into the pocket garden when it is hot and sunny or vice
prevailing wind directions. Therefore, wing walls were versa on desirable needs.
developed to maximize the use of prevailing winds. It
D shortened the wall that runs vertically up to capture
a wider range of wind directions. By having openings The louvered roof allows stack ventilation to occur

Y
at the opposite walls, cross ventilation occurs.
as the air above is at a higher temperature. This
ultimately leads to lower air pressure above the
roof, allowing the cooler air beneath to move
upwards. Hence, air circulation of the space is
improved, diminishing the stagnance in humidity
DEL FRISCOS GRILLE, TEXAS and a drop in temperature.Thus, causing the
pocket garden to achieve thermal comfort.
Install operable windows on the curtain wall
2 : OPERABLE LOUVERED ROOF SYSTEM facing the lakeside, using the wing wall effect.
Wing walls will lead the air to flow in and out
through the openings. By doing this, the ventilation
in the area will be improved. 4 : DOUBLE GLAZED INSULATING GLASS WINDOW
Climate Single Glass
Humid Subtropical
Thickness(mm)/Thermal Conductivity = Resistance (m2k/w)
Source
6mm / 34.28
Del Frisco's Grille Case Study.
=6mm/34.28 =0.175
(n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2017,
U-value = 1
from http://www. equinoxroof.
Rt
com/ del- friscos-case- study/
1
0.175
3 : HORIZONTAL SHADING DEVICE
= 5.7 w/m2k
Del Frisco's Restaurant is a restaurant which focus on
fine dining steaks. To provide an open space for the Double Glass
guest to have their meal without effects by weather, Horizontal louvers can MATERIAL THICKNESS (mm) THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY (wm/k) RESISTANCE
the roof top of the restaurants patio is covering by the reflect light into interior
GLASS PANEL 6 34.28 0.175
operable louvered roof system which installed by the Use of low-e glass GLASS PANEL 6 34.28 0.175
Equinox Louvered Roof Company. As the louvered
blades is operable and can open and close based on AIR FILLED CAVITY 16 800 0.02
the weather condition, the guest can enjoys their meal
at the patio for a long time. Painting the ceiling white
U-VALUE = 1
6/34.28 + 6/34.28 + 6/800
= 2.7 w/m2k

CENTER FOR URBAN WATER, USA


3 : SHADING DEVICE
Sun Direction
Aziumth on 7am
(critical time) : 72.8

Source
Aksamija, A. (2013). The use of an overhang roof and horizontal louvers to
Sustainable facades: reduce direct heat gain and light penetration to the
design methods for space. In addition, the use low-e glass to as the curtain
high - performance wall can reduce the direct heat gain and u-value from
building envelopes. the light penetration. By painting the ceiling white,
Hoboken, NJ: John it can increase the reflectivity as well as reduce heat
Wiley & Sons. gain from decreased use of artificial lighting.

The building is designed to acheive LEED Platinium


certification with strategies inculding sunshading of
the south and west facade. It is a cooling dominated
building. The glazed curtain wall on the south facade
uses horizontal shading elements to block midday sun,
while providing unobstructed views to the water