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prime number 1

prime number

235711131719

2
2n
2n+1n

) 1,3,5,7,9 0,2,4,6,8
)

even number
2

d n sh 2n+1

d n sh

1 an odd number 2n+1

2 singular number

(1) ( 1 )( ), ) (

(2) (1)(), ( )

(3) (1)

(4)(0,2,4,6,8 ) 2 ( ) 5 0 5 (
3 ) 3

1 1
3 1
0 1 14
2 7

105 OEIS A002808 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22,
24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54,
55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 72, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86,
87 88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 102, 104, 105, 106, 108, 110, 111, 112, 114, 115, 116,
117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 138,
140,142,144,145,146,148,150.