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Math227 Sample Final 3

You may use TI calculator for this test. However, you must show all details for hypothesis testing. For
confidence interval, you must show the critical value and the margin of error.

1. Twelve marbles are placed in a hat, three are black, two blue, one green, four white and two red.
Two marbles are drawn out at random, without replacement. Find the probability that
(a). Both marbles are black.

(b).The first is red, and the second is green.

(c). Neither marble is white.

2. Slick Motor Tire Inc. uses a tire mold which occasionally, and randomly, produces out of-round
tires. In fact 20% of the tires which it produces are out-of-round. Suppose Slick takes a random
sample of 10 tires produced by this tire mold.
(a). Find the expected number of out-of-round tires among these 10.

(b). Find the probability that exactly two of these 10 tires are out-of-round.

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3. Consider the following set of sample data, and find the following (note: if you are using TI 83 to
find these values, you need to write down the formulas that you should have used)
19 12 9 19 0 4 3 14 5 5 24 2
5 7 17
(a). Mean
(j). Construct a frequency distribution Table. Using 0
as the lower class limit of the first class and 5 as the
class width.

(b). Median

(c). Mode

(d). Standard Deviation

(k). Construct a histogram. (use part (j))


(e). Variance

(f). Find the z-score for 14.

(i). Construct a Box-whisker plot for the data.

(l). Determine if the data is skewed left, right or


symmetric. (Use part (k))

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4. Ted regularly plays a target shooting competition in his yard. He is not very good at the game and
his score has the following probability distribution.
Score 0 1 2 3
Probability 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2

a. Find the expected value and standard deviation of Teds score.

b. Find the probability that Teds score is at most 2.

c. Suppose he plays the game twice. Find the probability that his total is at least 5.

5. The speeds (in mph) of cars on Garfield Avenue are observed to be normally distributed with
mean 37 and standard deviation 4.5. The speed limit is 35 mph.
a. What fraction of drivers is exceeding the speed limit?

b. Officer Jordan decides to give tickets only to the fastest 15% of cars on Garfield Avenue.
How fast must a driver go to get a ticket from Officer Jordan?

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6. You are constructing a marketing research study to determine what proportion of consumers
between the ages of 18 and 35 own DVD players. You have randomly sample 60 individuals in
that age range, and you have determined that 11 of them own DVD players.
a. Find the 90% confidence interval for the proportion.

b. Suppose that your contract for the study requires that you estimate the proportion within
plus or minus 0.05 with 90% confidence. How many additional subjects would you need
to sample to obtain that level of precision?

7. The weights of packages carried by UPS courier service has a normal distribution with a mean of
17.2 ounces and a standard deviation of 6.3 ounces.
a. It is proposed that packages weighing over 24 ounces will be subjected to a surcharge.
What proportion of packages will be affected by the surcharge?

b. A random sample of 20 packages is taken. Find the probability that their average weight is
between 15 and 18 ounces.

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8. The Monterey Park city council contracted a statistical consultant to prepare a study about the
impact of abolishing rent control regulations. As a preliminary step, the researcher decided to
estimate the mean rent increase for a one-bedroom apartment in Monterey Park. From a simple
random sample of 5 one-bedroom apartments in the area he obtained the following monthly rent
increases (in dollars): 130, 220, 175, 140, 100.
a. Find point estimates for the mean and standard deviation of the rent increase for a one-
bedroom apartment in Monterey Park.

b. Assume a normal distribution for rent increases. Determine a 95% confidence interval for
the mean rent increase for one-bedroom apartments in Monterey Park.

c. After the council meeting the consultant was asked to prepare a more detailed study
estimating the mean apartment rent increase within $10 with confidence of 99%. How
many apartments does he need to select in total (including the original 5) to obtain a
confidence interval with the required width?

9. Suppose that replacement times for washing machines are normally distributed with a mean of 8.7
years and a standard deviation of 1.6 years. Find the replacement time that separates the top 18%
from the bottom 82%.

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10. The data in the table below were obtained through a survey of randomly selected subjects.
Ticketed for Speeding Within the Last Year?
Yes No
Men 26 224
Women 27 473

a. If one of the survey subjects is randomly selected, find the probability of getting someone
ticketed for speeding.

b. If one of the survey subjects is randomly selected, find the probability of getting a man or
someone ticketed for speeding.

c. Find the probability of getting someone ticketed for speeding, given that the selected person is
a woman.

d. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the percentage of women ticketed for
speeding is less than the percentage of men. Can you conclude that men generally speed more
than women?

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11. A study claim that students in two-year college work on average of 20 hours a week. A teacher
wanted to test this claim. She took a sample of 12 students and asked them about the number of
hours they work per week. The following are their responses:
14 25 22 8 16 26 19 23 41 33 21 20
Assume that the number of hours worked by all two-year college students is normally distributed.
a. Calculate the (approximate) value of the 85th percentile.

b. Find the percentile rank of 20.

c. Find the sample mean and sample standard deviation of these 12 students.

d. Using a 0.05 significance level, can you conclude that the claim of the study is true?

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12. The following are the quiz scores of the seven students in a statistics class.
22 17 29 19 12 25 16

Make a 95% confidence intervals for the population variance. Assume that the population from
which this sample is selected is normally distributed.

13. Because of the rapid increase of gasoline prices, many consumers are turned to some gasoline
additives and hoping to save some money. A manufacturer of a gasoline additive claims that the
use of this additive increases gasoline mileage. A random sample of six cars was selected and
these cars were driven for on week without the gasoline additive and then for one week with the
gasoline additive. The following table gives the mile per gallon for these cars without and with
the gasoline additive.
Without 24.6 28.3 18.9 23.7 15.4 29.5
With 26.3 31.7 18.2 25.3 18.3 30.9

Using the 2.5% significance level, can you conclude that the use of the gasoline additive increases
the gasoline mileage? Assume that the population of paired different is approximately normally
distributed.