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/*

MQTT Sensor - Temperature and Humidity (DHT22) for Home-Assistant - NodeMCU (ESP8266)
https://home-assistant.io/components/sensor.mqtt/
Libraries :
- ESP8266 core for Arduino : https://github.com/esp8266/Arduino
- PubSubClient : https://github.com/knolleary/pubsubclient
- DHT : https://github.com/adafruit/DHT-sensor-library
- ArduinoJson : https://github.com/bblanchon/ArduinoJson
Sources :
- File > Examples > ES8266WiFi > WiFiClient
- File > Examples > PubSubClient > mqtt_auth
- File > Examples > PubSubClient > mqtt_esp8266
- File > Examples > DHT sensor library > DHTtester
- File > Examples > ArduinoJson > JsonGeneratorExample
- http://www.jerome-bernard.com/blog/2015/10/04/wifi-temperature-sensor-with-nodemcu-esp8266/
Schematic :
- https://github.com/mertenats/open-home-automation/blob/master/ha_mqtt_sensor_dht22/Schematic.png
- DHT22 leg 1 - VCC
- DHT22 leg 2 - D1/GPIO5 - Resistor 4.7K Ohms - GND
- DHT22 leg 4 - GND
- D0/GPIO16 - RST (wake-up purpose)
Configuration (HA) :
sensor 1:
platform: mqtt
state_topic: 'office/sensor1'
name: 'Temperature'
unit_of_measurement: 'C'
value_template: '{{ value_json.temperature }}'

sensor 2:
platform: mqtt
state_topic: 'office/sensor1'
name: 'Humidity'
unit_of_measurement: '%'
value_template: '{{ value_json.humidity }}'
Samuel M. - v1.1 - 08.2016
If you like this example, please add a star! Thank you!
https://github.com/mertenats/open-home-automation
*/
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include "DHT.h"
#include <ArduinoJson.h>
#define MQTT_VERSION MQTT_VERSION_3_1_1
// Wifi: SSID and password
const char* WIFI_SSID = "[Redacted]";
const char* WIFI_PASSWORD = "[Redacted]";
// MQTT: ID, server IP, port, username and password
const PROGMEM char* MQTT_CLIENT_ID = "office_dht22";
const PROGMEM char* MQTT_SERVER_IP = "[Redacted]";
const PROGMEM uint16_t MQTT_SERVER_PORT = 1883;
const PROGMEM char* MQTT_USER = "[Redacted]";
const PROGMEM char* MQTT_PASSWORD = "[Redacted]";
// MQTT: topic
const PROGMEM char* MQTT_SENSOR_TOPIC = "office/sensor1";
// sleeping time
const PROGMEM uint16_t SLEEPING_TIME_IN_SECONDS = 600; // 10 minutes x 60 seconds
// DHT - D1/GPIO5
#define DHTPIN 5
#define DHTTYPE DHT22
DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE);
WiFiClient wifiClient;
PubSubClient client(wifiClient);
// function called to publish the temperature and the humidity
void publishData(float p_temperature, float p_humidity) {
// create a JSON object
// doc : https://github.com/bblanchon/ArduinoJson/wiki/API%20Reference
StaticJsonBuffer<200> jsonBuffer;
JsonObject& root = jsonBuffer.createObject();
// INFO: the data must be converted into a string; a problem occurs when using floats...
root["temperature"] = (String)p_temperature;
root["humidity"] = (String)p_humidity;
root.prettyPrintTo(Serial);
Serial.println("");
/*
{
"temperature": "23.20" ,
"humidity": "43.70"
}
*/
char data[200];
root.printTo(data, root.measureLength() + 1);
client.publish(MQTT_SENSOR_TOPIC, data, true);
}
// function called when a MQTT message arrived
void callback(char* p_topic, byte* p_payload, unsigned int p_length) {
}
void reconnect() {
// Loop until we're reconnected
while (!client.connected()) {
Serial.print("INFO: Attempting MQTT connection...");
// Attempt to connect
if (client.connect(MQTT_CLIENT_ID, MQTT_USER, MQTT_PASSWORD)) {
Serial.println("INFO: connected");
} else {
Serial.print("ERROR: failed, rc=");
Serial.print(client.state());
Serial.println("DEBUG: try again in 5 seconds");
// Wait 5 seconds before retrying
delay(5000);
}
}
}
void setup() {
// init the serial
Serial.begin(115200);
dht.begin();
// init the WiFi connection
Serial.println();
Serial.println();
Serial.print("INFO: Connecting to ");
WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
Serial.println(WIFI_SSID);
WiFi.begin(WIFI_SSID, WIFI_PASSWORD);
while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
delay(500);
Serial.print(".");
}
Serial.println("");
Serial.println("INFO: WiFi connected");
Serial.println("INFO: IP address: ");
Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
// init the MQTT connection
client.setServer(MQTT_SERVER_IP, MQTT_SERVER_PORT);
client.setCallback(callback);
}
void loop() {
if (!client.connected()) {
reconnect();
}
client.loop();
// Reading temperature or humidity takes about 250 milliseconds!
// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
float h = dht.readHumidity();
// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
float t = dht.readTemperature();
if (isnan(h) || isnan(t)) {
Serial.println("ERROR: Failed to read from DHT sensor!");
return;
} else {
//Serial.println(h);
//Serial.println(t);
publishData(t, h);
}
Serial.println("INFO: Closing the MQTT connection");
client.disconnect();
Serial.println("INFO: Closing the Wifi connection");
WiFi.disconnect();
ESP.deepSleep(SLEEPING_TIME_IN_SECONDS * 1000000, WAKE_RF_DEFAULT);
delay(500); // wait for deep sleep to happen
}