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Abstract

Oil palm plantation (Elais Guenensis, Jack) has a strategic role in Economical
development of a district and National today. The basic problem right now is the
production distance between result and production got is still long especially on public oil
plantation. The aims of this study are : (a) To analyza whether in case of the difference
between the public plantationin averange productivity on the suitable lands. (b) how
about the use of averange in Seed, fertilizer and labor by the farmers today.

The analyze models are the averange difference on plant productivity in ages of 5, 6
and 8 and averange of using in seed, uses manure, TSP, KCL, and labor.

The result of this study shows about 26 farmers or 43,33% of public oil palm
plantation is under class potency in suitable lands (less suitable) and the use of them
achieves one of suitable land in S1 standard (very suitable). Amount of manure used by
farmers do as the recommendation seed using is less suitable compare averange using for
hectare, and it indicates that TBS productivity of farmers is still low. Labor used in land
age group 5,6 and 8 indicates days of works are more than recommended today.

Keywords : oil palm, productivity, seed manure, and labor.


Abstract

Agriculture marketing is a process in which the commodity flow connected by right


movement and create of the time using by doing one or more marketing functions.
Rubber marketing that concentration and distributive, where the commodity resulted in
any places like now material needs.

The aim of this study is doing the identification about how the rubber marketing
channel, marketing function, and the size of marketing margin, share margin on each
channel of rubber marketing. Data used is primary and secondary forms from rubber
seller. Analyze model used is marketing channel, marketing function, marketing margin,
price spread and share margin.

The result shows that there are two channel forms of the rubber marketing, they are
(a) The first channel where farmers sell rubber to small agent the the small agent sells to
big agent, then the agent or the big seller to factory. (b) the second channel, where
farmers sells to big agent and the big agent sells to factory. Most of the market functions
done by agents compare to small ones and farmer. Profit margin received by the seller is
bigger that received by the farmers, either in first or the second channels.

Keywords : Rubber price, marketing channel, marketing margin, and share margin.