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Three Moment Derivation

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Objectives:

Derive the Clapeyrons theorem of three moments Analyze continuous beam with different moment of in-

ertia with unyielding supports Analyze the continuous beam with different moment of inertia in different

spans along with support settlements using three moment equation.

11.0 INTRODUCTION

A beam is generally supported on a hinge at one end and a roller bearing at the other end. The reactions

are determined by using static equilibrium equations. Such as beam is a statically determinate structure.

If the ends of the beam are restrained/clamped/encastre/xed then the moments are included at the

ends by these restraints and this moments make the structural element to be a statically indeterminate

structure or a redundant structure. These restraints make the slopes at the ends zero and hence in a xed

beam, the deection and slopes are zero at the supports.

A continuous beam is one having more than one span and it is carried by several supports (minimum

of three supports). Continuous beams are widely used in bridge construction. Consider a three bay of a

building which carries the loads W1 , W2 and W3 in two ways.

W1 W2 W3

546 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam545

W1 W2 W3

A B C D

+

+ +

If the load is carried by the rst case then the reactions of individual beams can be obtained by

equilibrium equations alone. The beam deects in the respective span and does not depend on the

inuence of adjacent spans.

In the second case, the equilibrium equations alone would not be sufcient to determine the end

moments. The slope at an interior support B must be same on either side of the support. The magnitude

of the slope can be inuenced by not only the load on the spans either side of it but the entire loads on

the span of the continuous beam. The redundants could be the reactions or the bending moments

over the support. Clapeyron (1857) obtained the compatibility equation in term of the end slopes

of the adjacent spans. This equation is called theorem of three moments which contain three of the

unknowns. It gives the relationship between the loading and the moments over three adjacent supports

at the same level.

OF THREE MOMENTS)

Figure 11e shows two adjacent spans AB and BC of a continuous beam with two spans. The settlement

of the supports are A , B and C and the deected shape of the beam is shown in A B C (Fig. 11f).

l1 l2

A B C

FIG. 11e

AG = dAB

548 Basic Structural Analysis CH = dCB Continuous Beam

549

547

GD = DB DA + d B

A

The primary structure is consisting ofHFsimply

= DCsupported

DB dbeams

B with imaginery hinges over each

C

support (Fig 11g). Fig 11h shows the simply beam bending moment diagrams and Fig 11i shows the

AG = d B

support moment diagram for the Asupports.

A compatibility

Page 549C H =isdderived

equation C

B

based on the fact that the end slopes of adjacent spans are equal

in magnitude but opposite

GDin =sign.

D Using

D +Figd B11f and the property similar triangles

B A A

HF = DC DB GD dCB == CF HF

DB

DB B F

B F

B A + BA C B + CB

Page 549 =

l1 1 l2 1 l1 1

dAB = A1 x1 + M A l1 + M B l1 2 l1 /3

B

A C B E I

A 1 1B C B 2 3 2

GD i.e.

HF l1 + l2 = + (i)

l1 l2

=

DB B F

The displacements are obtained as follows.

dAA = AA11 xx11 +

+ M MAAl1l1 ++ MMB lB2 l12l 22 /3

l1 /3 (ii)

EE11 II11

=

22 33 22

1 1 l 1

2

CB = A2 x2 + MC l2 + MB l2 2l2 /3

E2 I2 2 3 2

Combining the equations (i) and (ii)

Page 556

MA l1 l1 l2 l2 A1 x1 A2 x2

+ 2MB + + MC +6 +

E1 I1 E1 I1 E2 I2 E2 I2 E1 I1 l1 E2 I2 l1

A B C B

=6 + (iii)

l1 l2

The above equation is called as Clapeyrons equation of three moments.

In a simplied form of an uniform beam section (EI = constant); when there are no settlement of

supports

A1 x1 A2 x2

MA l1 + 2MB (l1 + l2 ) + MC l2 = 6 + (iv)

l1 l2

It is to be mentioned here that x1 and x2 are measured outwards in each span from the loads to the ends.

11.1.1 Procedure for Analysing the Continuous Beams using Theorem of Three

Moments

(1) Draw simple beam moment diagram for each span of the beam. Compute the area of the above

diagrams viz, A1 , A2 . . . An and locate the centroid of such diagrams x1 , x2 . . . xn . It must be re-

membered that the distances x1 , x2 . . . xn are the centroidal distances measured towards the ends

of each span as shown in Fig. 11j.

548Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 549

A1 A2

x1

x2

(2) Identify the support moments which are to be determined viz, MA , MB and MC

(3) Apply three moment equation for each pair of spans which results in an equation or equations

which are to be solved simultaneously. If the beam is of uniform section (EI = constant) and

no support settlements apply equation (iv) and in case the beam is non-uniform and the support

settles/raises apply equation (iii).

(4) The solution of the equations gives the values of the support moments and the bending moment

diagram can be drawn.

(5) The reactions at the supports and the shear force diagram can be obtained by using equilibrium

equations.

WHEN ONE OR BOTH OF THE ENDS ARE FIXED

11.2.1 Propped Cantilever Beam

Consider the propped cantilever beam of span AB, which is xed at A and supported on a prop at B. It

is subjected to uniformly distributed load over the entire span. The xed end moment at the support A

can be determined by using theorem of three moments.

w/m

l

A zero span A B

FIG. 11k Propped cantilever beam

As the A is xed support, extend the beam form A to A of span zero length and A is simply

supported.

(1) The simple beam moment diagram is a parabola with a central ordinate of (wl 2 /8). The centroid

of this bending moment diagram (symmetrical parabola) is at a distance l/2 from the supports

A and B.

wl2/8

A B

FIG. 11l Simple beam moment diagram

550 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam549

2

2 wl wl 3

Its area is A = (l) = .

3 8 12

(2) The support moment diagram is drawn as

MA

l

FIG. 11m Pure moment diagram

wl 3 l

MA (0) + 2MA (0 + l) + 0 = 6

12 2

MA = wl 2 /8

(4) The support reactions are computed by drawing the free body diagram as

wl 2/8 w/m

A B

l

VA VB

V = 0; VA +VB = wl

wl 2 wl 2

MA = 0; 8

+

2

VB l = 0

and hence

3wl

VB =

8

5wl

VA =

8

(5) Using the reactions, the shear force diagram and bending moment diagrams are obtained as

( (

5wl

8 B

A

( (

3wl

8

550Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 551

The point of contraexure is determined by equating the bending moment expression to zero and

hence

5wl wx2 wl 2

x =0

8 2 8

l 2 + 4x2 5lx = 0

Solving the above equation we get x = l and

x = 0.25l

The location of maximum positive bending moment from support A is obtained by equating the

shear force to zero.

5wl

wx = 0

8

5l

x=

8

At this location, the maximum positive bending moment is obtained from

wl 2 5wl 5l w(5l/8)2

Max + ve BM = +

8 8 8 2

wl 2 25wl 2 25wl 2 9wl 2

MC = + = = 0.07wl 2

8 64 128 128

0.07 wl 2

+ve

A 0.25 l B

C 3l/8

( )

wl 2

8

Consider a beam AB of span l is xed at both the ends. The beam is carrying a concentrated load of W

at a distance of l/3 from the xed end A.

As the end A is a xed support, extend this A to A of span (l ) of zero length and is also simply

supported at A . Likewise the end B is extended to B .

The simply supported bending moment diagram is drawn with the maximum ordinate as

W (l/3) (2l/3)

= 2W l/9.

l

The centroid of the unsymmetrical triangle is shown in Fig. 11.3j.

552 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam551

W

l/3 2l/3

l = O l l = O

A A B B1

FIG. 11q Fixed beam

2Wl/9

a b

CG

( (

l+a

3 ( (

l+b

3

4l 5l

The centroid of the simply supported BMD is obtained using the above as from A and

9 9

from B.

1 2W l W l2

The area of the bending moment diagram is (l) = .

2 9 9

The support moment diagram can be drawn by identifying the support moments as MA and MB .

Thus

MA MB

l

FIG. 11t Pure moment diagram

2

Wl 5l

MA (0) + 2MA (0 + l) + MB (l) = 0 6 1/l

>

9 9

2MA + MB = 0.37 W l

552Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 553

W l2 4l

MA l + 2MB (l + 0) + MB (0) =

>

6

9 9

MA + 2MB = 0.296 W l

Thus the support moments are obtained by solving the above equations

MA = 0.148 W l

MB = 0.074 W l

0.148 Wl W 0.074 Wl

l/3 2l/3

C

VA VB

FIG. 11u

V = O; VA +VB = W

l

MA = O; 0.148 W l +W VB l + 0.074 W l = O

3

VB = 0.26W

VA = 0.74W

0.74 W +

0.26 W

0.0986 Wl

0.148 Wl 0.074 Wl

FIG. 11w Bending moment diagram

554 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam553

EXAMPLE 11.1: A continuous beam ABC is simply supported at A and C and continuous over support

B with AB = 4m and BC = 5m. A uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m is acting over the beam. The

moment of inertia is I throughout the span. Analyse the continuous beam and draw SFD and BMD.

10 kN/m

A 4m B 5m C

FIG. 11.1a

20 31.25 kNm

A1 A2

A C

x1

x2

MB

2 2

A1 = 4 20 = 53.33 kNm2 A2 = 5 31.25 = 104.17 kNm2

3 3

x1 = 2m x2 = 2.5m

l1 = 4m l2 = 5.0m

Applying three moment equation for the span ABC

A1 x1 A2 x2

MA l1 + 2MB (l1 + l2 ) + MC l2

> >

= 6 +

l1 l2

53.33 2 104.17 2.5

2MB (4 + 5) = 6 +

4 5

18MB = 6(26.67 + 52.1)

MB = 26.26 kNm.

556 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam555

EXAMPLE 11.2: Analyse the continuous beam by three moment theorem. Draw SFD and BMD.

10 kN 10 kN

2 4m 3 3m

D 6m E 6m

A B C

FIG. 11.2a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moment diagram is drawn as

10 2 4

MD = Wab/l = = 13.33 kNm

6

6

ME = W l/4 = 10 = 15 kNm

4

13.33 15 kNm

A D B E C

FIG. 11.2b Simple beam moment diagram

MB

A B C

FIG. 11.2c Pure moment diagram

1 1

A1 = (6)13.33 = 40.0 A2 = 6 15 = 45

2 2

6+2

x1 = = 2.67 m x2 = 3 m

3

l1 = 6 m l2 = 6 m

560Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 561

50

60 kNm

+ 2

+

A B C

FIG. 11.4b Simple beam moment diagram

MB

A C

FIG. 11.4c Pure moment diagram

2 1

A1 = 5 50 = 167.5 kNm2 A2 = 10 60 = 300 kNm2

3 2

10 + 6

x1 = 2.5m x2 = = 5.33 m

3

l1 = 5.0m l2 = 10 m

5MA + 2MB (5 + 10) + 10MC = 6

> >

+

5.0 10

30 MB = 6 (83.75 + 159.9)

MB = 48.73 kNm

V = 0; VA +VB1 = 80 (i) VB2 +VC = 25 (iii)

16(5)2

M = 0; 5VA + 49 = 0 (ii) 10VB2 25(6) 49 = 0 (iv)

2

VA = 30.2 kN VB2 = 19.9 kN

VB1 = 49.8 kN VC = 5.1 kN

562Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 563

50 6 2

ME = = 75 kNm

8

250 kNm

75

A D B E C

2 1

A1 = 10 250 = 1666.7 kNm2 A2 = 8 75 = 300 kNm2

3 2

8+2

x1 = 5 m x2 = = 3.33 m

3

l1 = 10 m l2 = 8.0 m

Since A is xed imagine a span A A of zero length and A as simply supported. Apply three moment

1666.7 5

MA (0) + 2MA (0 + 10) + MB (10) = 6

+0

10

20MA + 10MB = 5000

2MA + MB = 500 (i)

1666.7 5 300 3.33

MA (10) + 2MB (10 + 8) + 8MC = 6

>

+

10 8

10MA + 36MB = 6(833.35 + 124.875)

10MA + 36MB = 5749.35 (ii)

MA = 197.6 kNm

MB = 104.8 kNm

568

570 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 569

24 kN 16 kNm 4 kN/m

10 kNm 16 kNm B C

Page 568A 2 2 6m

B

VB2 VC

VA VB1

FIG. 11.7e

FIG. 11.7d

M = 0; 4VA + 16 10 48 = 0 (ii) MB = 0;

62

VA = 10.5 kN. 16 + 6VC 4 =0

2

VB1 = 13.5. VC = 9.3 kN.

Page 570 VB2 = 14.7 kN.

10.5

+ 9.3

+ x

A B D C

14.7 kN

4m 13.5 6m

14.7 4x = 0

x = 3.67 m.

Maximum +ve BM = 14.7(3.67) 4(3.67)2 /2 16 = 11 kNm

24

16 kNm 11

+

10 +

C

A B 3.67 m

FIG. 11.7g Bending moment diagram

Page 572

570

572 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 571

Solving (i) and (ii); From eq (i); MB = 2MA and putting in eq (ii)

MA 12MA = 60

MA = 5.45 kNm.

MB = 10.9 kNm.

Free body diagram of span AB and BC

A B B C

2m 2m

A VB1 VB2 VC

V = 0; V = 0

VA +VB1 = 0 (i) VB2 +VC = 60 (iii)

MB = 0; MB = 0;

30 22

5.45 + 10.9 + 2VA = 0 (ii) 10.9 + 2VB2 =0

2

VA = 8.2 kN VB2 = 35.5 kN

VB1 = +8.2 kN VC = 24.5 kN

35.5 kN/m

A + C

B

8.2 kN 24.5

FIG. 11.8f Shear force diagram

Page 572

10.9

9.55

A

+ B D C

5.45 kNm

FIG. 11.8g Bending moment diagram

Page 575

572Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 573

5 5 6 6

MA + 2MB + 30

I I 1.5I 1.5I

240 2.67 360 3

= 6 +

5I 6 1.5I

5MA + 18MB 120 = 6 (128.16 + 120)

5MA + 18MB = 1488.96 + 120

5MA + 18MB = 1368.96 (ii)

Solving equations (i) and (ii)

MA = 33.76 kNm.

MB = 66.67 kNm.

Shear forces and moments in members AB and BC.

Member AB

80 kN

3m 2m 66.67 kNm

D

33.76 kNm

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.9d

MB = 0; 5VAB + 66.67 33.76 80(2) = 0 (ii)

VAB = 25.42

VBA = 54.58

MD = 33.76 + 25.42(3) = 42.5 kNm.

Member BC

20 kN/m

66.67 kNm 30 kNm

6m

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.9e

574Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 575

A D B E C

EXAMPLE 11.10: A continuous beam ABCD is simply supported at A and continuous over spans B

and C. The span AB is 6 m and BC are of length 6 m respectively. An overhang CD is of 1 metre length.

A concentrated load of 20 kN is acting at 4 m from support A. An uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m

is acting on the span BC. A concentrated load of 10 kN is acting at D.

20 kN 10 kN/m 10 kN

4m 2m

E F 1m D

A 6m B 6m C

I 2I 2I

FIG. 11.10a

20 4 2

ME = = 26.7 kNm

6

62

MF = 10 = 45.0 kNm

8

MC = 10 1 = 10 kNm

26.7 45 kNm

A E B F C

FIG. 11.10b Simply suppored BMD

576 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam575

MB MC

A B C D

FIG. 11.10c Pure moment diagram

1 2

A1 = 6 26.7 = 80.1 kNm2 A2 = 6 45 = 180 kNm2

2 3

6+4

x1 = = 3.33 m. x2 = 3 m.

3

l1 = 6 m. l2 = 6 m.

(10)

6 6 6 6MC 80.1 3.33 180 3

>

>

MA + 2MB + + = 6 +

I I 2I 2I 6 62

18MB 30 = 6 (44.45 + 45)

MB = 28.15 kNm.

Shear force and bending moment values for the spans AB and BC

20 kN 28.15 kNm

4 2

A E B

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.10d

M = 0; 6VAB + 28.15 20(2) = 0 (ii)

VAB = 1.98

VBA = 18.02

ME = VAB (4) = 7.9 kNm

576

578 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 577

B C

6m

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.10e

Page 572

Using equilibrium conditions;

62

MC = 0 10 28.15 + 6 VBC 10

2

=0 (iv)

VBC = 33 kN.

VCB = 27 kN.

Page 575 33

1.98 10 kN

+ +

A 6m B 6m C D

27

18.02

FIG. 11.10f Shear force diagram

Page 578

26

7.9 +

28.15

10 kNm

+

A B E C D

FIG. 11.10g Bending moment diagram

578 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam577

EXAMPLE 11.11: Analyse the continuous beam shown in gure by three moment theorem. Draw

SFD & BMD.

30 kN 40 kN 20 kN

4 2 2 2

E F 2m D

A B C

FIG. 11.11a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moments at E and F are

Wab 30 4 2

ME = = = 40 kNm

l 6

Wl 40 4

MF = = = 40 kNm

4 4

40 40 kNm

+ +

A E B F C D

FIG. 11.11b Simply supported beam BMD

MB MC

A B C D

FIG. 11.11c Pure moment diagram

1 1

A1 = 6 40 = 120 kNm2 A2 = 4 40 = 80 kNm2

2 2

6+4

x1 = = 3.33 x2 = 2 m.

3

l1 = 6.00 l2 = 4.0 m.

578Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 579

1 3.33 80(2)

6MA+ 2MB (6 + 4) + 4MC = 6 6 40

> >

+

2 6.00 4

20MB 160 = 6 (66.6 + 40)

20MB = 479.6

MB = 23.98 kNm

30 kN 40 kN

4m 2m 24 kNm 2m 2m 40 kNm

E F

VA VB1 VB2 VC

MB = 0; 6VA + 24 30(2) = 0 (ii) MB = 0; 40 + 40(2) 24 4VC = 0 (iv)

VA = 6 kN VC = 24 kN

VB1 = 24 kN VB2 = 16 kN

20

16

+ +

6 +

2m 2m

A 4m E B 2m F C 2m D

24 24 kN

Page

580 581

Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam

581

579

40 40 40 kNm

24

+

A E B F C D

FIG. 11.11g Bending moment diagram

Page 582

EXAMPLE 11.12: Draw the shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for the beam shown

in gure.

10 kN/m

A'

A 3m B 6m C

FIG. 11.12a

45 kNm

+ 11.25 +

Page 583

A B C

FIG. 11.12b Simply supported beam BMD

S OLUTION

As the end A is xed, imagine an imaginery span A A of zero length with no load and A is simply

supported.

Considering the span A AB

2

0 + 3 11.25 1.5

3

>

MA (0) + 2MA (0 + 3) + 3MB = 6 (i)

3

Considering the span ABC

22.5 1.5 180 3

3MA + 2MB (3 + 6) + 6MC =

>

6 +

3 6

3MA + 18MB = 6 (11.25 + 90)

3MA + 18MB = 607.5 (ii)

580

582 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 581

MB = 34.77 kNm.

MA = 6.14 kNm.

The BMD

Page 582 is drawn using the above end moments as

45 kNm

11.25

34.77 +

+

A B C

+

6.14 kNm

FIG. 11.12c Bending moment diagram

Page 583

Static equilibrium of AB

A 3m B

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.12d

2

3

MB = 0; 34.77 + 6.14 + 3VAB 10

2

=0 (ii)

VBA = 28.64 kN.

Static equilibrium of BC

B C

6m

VBC x2

VCB

FIG. 11.12e

582 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam

583

581

Page 581 62

MC = 0; 34.77 + 6VBC 10

2

=0

VCB = 24.2 kN.

The location of zero shear force in AB zone is

1.36 10x1 = 0.

x1 = 0.135 m

Page 582

35.8

1.36

x2

C

A D B E

x1

28.64 24.2 kN

FIG. 11.12f Shear force diagram

Page 583

34.77 kNm

6.28

29.3

+ +

A

+ B E C

2.42 m

6.14

FIG. 11.12g Bending moment diagram

582Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 583

The location of zero shear force in BC zone is

24.2 10 x2 = 0

x2 = 2.42 m

M22 = 24.2(2.42) 10(2.42)2 /2

= 29.3 kNm.

EXAMPLE 11.13: A continuous beam ABCD is of uniform section. It is xed at A, simply supported

at B and C and CD is an overhang. AB = BC = 5 m and CD = 2 m. If a concentrated load of 30 kN acts

at D, determine the moments and reactions at A, B and C. Sketch the shear force and bending moment

diagram and mark in the salient values.

30 kN

5m 5m 2m

A' A B C D

FIG. 11.13a

S OLUTION

As the end A is xed imagine a imaginery span A A of zero length and A is simply supported.

Apply three moment theorem for the spans A AB

>

MA(0) + 2MA (0 + 5) + 5MB = 6(0 + 0)

10MA + 5MB = 0

2MA + MB = 0 (i)

5MA + 2MB (5 + 5) 60(5) = 6(0 + 0)

5MA + 20MB = 300 (ii)

MA = 8.57 kNm.

MB = +17.14 kNm.

584 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam583

Span AB

A 5m B

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.13b

MB = 0; 5VAB 8.57 17.14 = 0

VBA = 5.14 kN.

Span BC

B 5m C

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.13c

V = 0; VBC +VCB = 0

M = 0; 60.0 + 17.14 + 5VBC = 0

VCB = +15.43 kN.

30 kN

5.14

+ +

A B C D

15.43

FIG. 11.13d Shear force diagram

584Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 585

60

8.57

A B C D

17.10 kNm

FIG. 11.13e Bending moment diagram

EXAMPLE 11.14: Analyse the continuous beam by the theorem of three moments. Draw neat sketches

of SFD and BMD. Clearly indicate all the salient values.

20 KN/m

16 kN 40 kN

2m 2m 2m

4m 4m

A' A C D E

FIG. 11.14a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moments are

wl 2 wl 42 4

MB = + = 20 + 16 = 56 kNm

8 4 8 4

wl 4

MD = = 40 = 40 kNm

4 4

40 40

A B C D E

FIG. 11.14b Simple beam moment diagram

586 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam585

16

A B C E

2 1 1

A1 = 4 40 + 4 16 = 138.67 A2 = 4 40 = 80 kNm2

3 2 2

l1 = 4 m x2 = 2 m

x1 = 2 m l2 = 4 m

Applying three moment theorem for span A AC

A x A x

1 1 2 2

MA l1 + 2MA l1 + l2 + MC l2 = 6 +

l1 l2

2

2MA (4) + 4MC = 6 138.67

4

8MA + 4MC = 416.01 (i)

138.67 2 80 2

>

MA (4) + 2MC (4 + 4) + ME (4) = 6 +

4 4

4MA + 16MC = 6(109.335) = 656.01 (ii)

MA = 36 kNm

Solving Equations (i) and (ii)

MC = 32 kNm

2m 16 kN 20 kN/m 32 kNm 40 kN

36 kNm 32 kNm 2m

4m

4m VC2 VE

VA B VC1

C D E

A C

FIG. 11.14e

FIG. 11.14d

586

588 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 587

V = 0; V = 0;

VA +VC1 = 16 + 4(20) = 96 (i) VC2 +VE = 40 (iii)

MA = 0 ME = 0;

42

36 + 32 + 4VA 16(2) 20 = 0 (ii) 32 + 4VC2 40(2) = 0 (iv)

2

VA = 49 kN VC2 = 28 kN

VC1 = 47 kN VE = 12 kN

49

28

+ 9 +

B D E

A C

7

47 kN 12

FIG. 11.14f Shear force Diagrams

Page 588

56

40 kNm

+ +

36 32

A B C D E

FIG. 11.14g Bending moment diagram

Page 590

EXAMPLE 11.15: Sketch the BMD for the continuous beam shown in gure.

60 kN 20 kN/m 30 kN

1m 3m

O 4m 1m

A' A D 3I B E 4I C F

FIG. 11.15a

588 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam587

45 40

A D B E C

FIG. 11.15b Simple beam moment diagram

MB

MC

MA

A B C

FIG. 11.15c Pure moment diagram

S OLUTION

Properties of the simple beam BMD

1 2

A1 = 4 45 = 90 kNm2 A2 = 4 40 = 106.7 kNm2

2 3

4+1

x1 = = 1.67 m x2 = 2 m

3

l1 = 4 m l2 = 4 m

Since A is xed assume an imaginery span of A A of zero length with no loading. Assume A as simply

supported. Apply three moment equation for the span A AB,

0+4 4 0 + 90 2.33

MA (0) + 2MA + MB = 6

3I 3I 4 3I

8MA + 4MB = 315 (i)

Applying three moment theorem for the spans AB and BC;

4 4 4 4 90 1.67 106.7 2

MA + 2MB + + MC = 6 + .

3I 3I 4I 4I 4 3I 4 4I

1.33MA + 2MB (1.33 + 1.0) 30 = 6 (12.525 + 13.338)

1.33MA + 4.66MB = 30 (25.863)6

1.33MA + 4.66MB = 125.18 (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii);

MA = 30.3 kNm.

MB = 18.1 kNm.

588

590 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 589

60 kN 20 kN/m

30.3 kNm 18.1 kNm 18.1 kNm 30 kNm

1m 3m B C

A B 4m

VA VB1 VB2 VC

V = 0; V = 0;

VA +VB = 60 (i) VB2 +VC = 80 (iii)

MB = 0; MB = 0

42

30.3 + 18.1 + 4VA 60(3) = 0 18.10 + 30 + 4VB2 20 =0

2

VA = 48.05 kN (ii) VB2 = 37.02 kN.

VB2 = 11.95 kN VC = 42.98 kN.

Page 590

48.05

30

37.02

+ +

+

A D B E C F

1.85

11.95

42.98 kN

FIG. 11.15f Shear force diagram

+ 15.95

+ 18.1 30.0 kNm

30.3

45.0

A D B E C F

FIG. 11.15g Bending moment diagram

590 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam589

EXAMPLE 11.16: Analyse the continuous beam by three moment theorem. E is constant. Draw the

bending moment diagram.

80 kN 20 kN/m

2m 1m

A' 3m E 4m F 1m D

3I A 3I B 2I C 2I

FIG. 11.16a

53.33 40 kNm

A E B F C D

FIG. 11.16b Simple beam BMD

MB

10 kNm

MA

A B C D

FIG. 11.16c Pure moment diagram

S OLUTION

As the end A is xed assume an imaginery span A of zero length with no load and A is simply supported;

Apply three moment theorem for spans A AB

0 0 3 3 80 1.33

>

>

MA + 2MA + + MB = 6 0 +

3I 3I 3I 3I 3 3I

Applying three moment theorem for spans ABC

3 3 4 4 80 1.67 106.67 2

MA + 2MB + 10 = 6 +

3I 3I 2I 2I 3 3I 2I 4

MA + 6MB 20 = 6(14.84 + 26.67)

MA + 6MB = 249.06 (ii)

590Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 591

MA = 16.05 kNm.

MB = 38.84 kNm.

2m 1m 38.84 kNm

E VB2 4m VC

VA VB1

FIG. 11.16d FIG. 11.16e

V = 0; V = 0;

VA +VB1 = 80 (i) VB2 +Vc = 80 (iii)

MB = 0 MC = 0

20 42

16.05 + 38.84 80(1) + 3VA = 0 (ii) 10 38.84 + 4VB2 =0 (iv)

2

VA = +19.07 kN VB2 = 47.21 kN

VB1 = +60.93 kN VC = 32.79 kN

ME = 17.86 + 20.88(2)

= 23.9 kNm

47.21 20x = 0

x = 2.36 m

2.362

Max +ve BM = 38.84 + 47.21 2.36 20

2

= 16.88 kNm

22

MF = 38.84 + 47.21 2 20 = 15.58 kNm

2

592 Basic Structural Analysis

Page593 Continuous Beam

593

591

19.07

47.21

20

+

+ +

A E B C D

60.93 33.79

53.33 15.58

+ 38.84 +

16.05 10 kNm

A 2m E 1m B 2.32 m C 1m D

Page 59611.17:

EXAMPLE A continuous beam ABC is xed at A and C. It is continuous over a simple

support B. Span AB is 5 m while BC span is 6 m. It is subjected to a concentrated load of 60 kN at

3 m from A and the span BC is subjected to uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m. The ratio of exural

rigidity of span BC to BA is 1.5. Sketch the shear force and bending moment diagram. Use Clapeyrons

theorem of three moments.

60 kN 10 kN/m

3m 2m

5m 6m

A' A B C C

EI 1.5EI

Page 599

FIG. 11.17a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moments are

Wab 60 3 2

MD = = = 72 kNm

l 5

wl 2 10 62

ME = = = 45 kNm

8 8

592Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 593

72 45 kNm

A D B E C

MB

MA

MC

A B C

FIG. 11.17c Pure moment diagram

Since A is xed imagine a span of zero length A A with no load and A is simply supported.

Apply three moment theorem for the spans A AB

1

A1 = 0 5 72 = 180

A2 =

2

5+2

x1 = 0 x2 = = 2.33

3

l1 = 0 l2 = 5.0

l1 l1 l2 l2 A1 x1 A2 x2

MA + 2MA + + MB = 6 +

I1 I1 I2 I2 l1 l2

5 5 180 2.33

2MA + MB = 6

I I 5I

10MA + 5MB = 503.28 (i)

Apply three moment theorem for the spans ABC

Properties of the simple beam BMD

2

A1 = 180 kNm2 A2 = 6 45 = 180 kNm2

3

5+3

x1 = = 2.67 m x2 = 3 m

3

l1 = 5 m l2 = 6 m

594 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam593

MA + 2MB + + MC = 6 +

I I 1.5I 1.5I 5 6 1.5

5MA + 18MB + 4MC = 6 (96.12 + 60)

5MA + 18MB + 4MC = 936.72 (ii)

Applying three moment theorem BCC

As the end C is xed imagine a span CC of zero length and C is simply supported

6 6 0 180 3

>

MB + 2MC + 0 + MC = 6 +0

1.5I 1.5I 1.5I 6 1.5

4MB + 8MC = 360 (iii)

Solving equations (i), (ii) and (iii)

MA = 31.62 kNm.

MB = 37.4 kNm.

MC = 26.29 kNm.

Shear force and bending moment values for the spans AB and BC respectively.

Span AB

3m 2m

A B

D

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.17d

MB = 0; 5VAB 60(2) 31.62 + 37.4 = 0 (ii)

VAB = 22.84 kN

VBA = 37.16 kN

Span BC

MD = 22.84(3) 31.62 = 36.9 kNm

B C

6m E

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.17e

594

596 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 595

62

MC = 0; 37.4 + 26.29 + 6VBC 10

2

=0

VBC = 31.85 kN

VCB = 28.15 kN

Page 593

32

ME = 31.85(3) 37.4 10 = 13.15 kNm

2

31.85

22.84

+ +

F

A D B C

37.16

28.15 kN

2.815

FIG. 11.17f Shear force diagram

The location of zero shear in span CB is obtained by equating the shear force equation to zero as

x = 2.815 m

MF = 28.15(2.815) 10(2.815)2 /2 26.29

= 13.2 kNm

Page 596

31.62 26.29 kNm

A D B F C

Page 599

596 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam595

EXAMPLE 11.18: A continuous beam ABCD is of uniform section as shown in gure. EI is constant.

Draw the SFD and BMD

10 kN/m

6m 6m 6m

A E B F C G D

FIG. 11.18a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moments are

10 62

ME = MF = MG = = 45 kNm

8

45 45 45 kNm

A B C D

FIG. 11.18b Simple beam BMD

MB MC

A D

B C

FIG. 11.18c Pure moment diagram

2

A1 = 6 45 = 180 KNm2

3

x1 = 3 m

180 3 180 3

>

6MA + 2MB (6 + 6) + 6MC = 6 +

6 6

24MB + 6MC = 6(90 + 90) = 1080 (1)

596Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 597

180 3 180 3

>

6MB + 2MC (6 + 6) + 6MD = 6 +

6 6

6MB + 24MC = 1080 (2)

Solving Equations (1) and (2)

MB = 36 kNm

MC = 36 kNm

Shear force and bending moment values in the spans ABC, BCD

Consider span AB

10 kN/m

36 kNm

A B

6m

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.18d

62

MB = 0; 6VAB + 36 10 2

=0 (ii)

VAB = 24 kN

VBA = 36 kN

Consider span BC

36 kNm 10 kN/m

36 kNm

B C

VBC 6m VCB

FIG. 11.18e

62

MC = 0; 6VBC 36 + 36 10

2

=0 (iv)

598 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam

599

597

Span CD

D

C

VCD 6m VDC

FIG. 11.18f

62

MD = 0; 6VCD 36 10

2

=0

VCD = 36 kN

Page 599 VDC = 24 kN

24 30 36

+ + +

E F G

A B C D

x1 3m

36 30 24 kN

6m 6m 6m

2.4

FIG. 11.18g Shear force diagram

24 10x1 = 0

x1 = 2.4 m

ME = 24(2.4) 10(2.4)2 /2 = 28.8 kNm

MF = 30(3) 36 10 32 /2 = 9.0 kNm

MG = 24 (2.4) 10(2.4)2 /2 = 28.8 kNm

+ 9

28.8 36 36 28.8 kNm

+

+

A E B F C G D

FIG. 11.18h Bending moment diagram

598Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 599

EXAMPLE 11.19: Analyse the continuous beam by three moment theorem. Also draw SFD and BMD.

3m 2.8 m 4m

A E B F C G D

FIG. 11.19a

49

30

28.1

A E B F C G D

FIG. 11.19b Simply supported BMD

MB MC

A B C D

FIG. 11.19c Pure moment diagram

S OLUTION

Properties of the simple beam BMD

2 2

A1 = 3 28.1 = 56.2 kNm2 A2 = 2.8 49 = 91.47 kNm2 A3 = 80 kNm2

3 3

x1 = 1.5 m x2 = 1.4 m x3 = 2 m

l1 = 3 m l2 = 2.8 m l3 = 4 m

Applying three moment theorem for spans ABC

56.2 1.5 91.47 1.4

>

MA (3) + 2MB (3 + 2.8) + 2.8MC = 6 +

3 2.8

11.6MB + 2.8MC = 443 (i)

600 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam

599

601

91.47 1.4 80 2

>

2.8MB + 2MC (2.8 + 4) + 4MD = 6 +

2.8 4

2.8MB + 13.6MC = 6 (45.74 + 40)

2.8MB + 13.6MC = 514.44 (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii)

MB = 30.58 kNm, MC = 31.53 kNm

25 kN/m 30.58 kNm

2.8 m 4.0 m

3m VB2 VC1 VC1 VD

VA VB1

FIG. 11.19e FIG. 11.19f

FIG. 11.19d

V = 0; V = 0; V = 0;

VA +VB1 = 75 (i) VB2 +VC1 = 140 (iii) VC2 +VD = 60 (v)

MB = 0; MC = 0; MD = 0;

25 42

3VA + 30.58 32 = 0 (ii) 31.53 30.58 + 2.8VB2 31.53 + 4VC2 15 =0 (vi)

2 2

2.82

50 = 0 (iv)

2

VA = 27.3 kN VB2 = 69.66 kN VC2 = 151.53/4 = 37.88 kN

VB1 = 47.7 kN

Page 601 VC = 70.34 kN VD = 22.12 kN

+ + +

x1 x2 x3

FIG. 11.19g Shear force diagram

600

602 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 601

27.3 25x1 = 0 69.66 50x2 = 0 37.88 15x3 = 0

x1 = 1.09 m x2 = 1.39 m x3 = 2.52 m

M2 = 30.58 + 69.66(1.39) 50 1.392 /2 = 17.94 kNm

M3 = 31.53 + 37.88(2.52) 15 2.522 /2 = 16.3 kNm

Page 602

28.1 + 30 kNm

EXAMPLE 11.20: Analyse the continuous beam by theorem of three moments and draw SFD and

BMD. EI is constant.

10 kN 5 kN/m 15 kN

2m 3m 2m

4m 6m 5m

A E B F C G D

FIG. 11.20a

10 22.5 kNm

A B C

FIG. 11.20b Simple beam BMD for span ABC

602 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam601

22.5

18 kNm

B C D

FIG. 11.20c Simple beam BMD for span BCD

MC

MB

S OLUTION

Referring to Fig. 11.20 b

Properties of simple beam BMD

1 2

A1 = 10 4 = 20 kNm2 A2 = 6 22.5 = 90 kNm2

2 3

x1 = 2 m x2 = 3 m

l1 = 4 m l2 = 6 m

20 2 90 3

4MA+ 2MB (4 + 6) + 6MC = 6

>

+

4 6

20MB + 6MC = 6(10 + 45)

20MB + 6MC = 330 (i)

Properties of simple beam BMD

2 1

A1 = 6 22.5 = 90 kNm2 A2 = 5 18 = 45 kNm2

3 2

5+2

x1 = 3 m x2 = = 2.33 m

3

l1 = 6 m l2 = 5 m

602Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 603

Considering span BCD

90 3 45 2.33

6MB + 2MC (6 + 5) + 5MD= 6

>

+

6 5

6MB + 22MC = 6(45 + 20.97)

6MB + 22MC = 395.82 (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii)

MB = 12.09 kNm.

MC = 14.69 kNm.

Shear force and bending moment values for spans AB, BC and CD.

10 kN

2m 2m 12.09 kNm

A B

E

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.20e

MB = 0; 4VAB + 12.09 10(2) = 0 (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii)

VAB = 1.98 kN

VBA = 8.02 kN

Span BC

14.69 kNm

B C

VBC 6m VCB

FIG. 11.20f

2

56

MB = 0; 6VBC + 14.69 12.09

2

=0

VBC = 14.56 kN

VCB = 15.44 kN

604 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam

605

603

14.56 5x = 0

x = 2.91 m

2.912

Hence Max +ve BM = 14.56(2.91) 12.09 5 = 9.11 kNm

2

Span CD

15 kN

14.69 kNm

3m 2m

C D

VCD VCD

FIG. 11.20g

MD = 0; 5VCD 14.69 15(2) = 0

VCD = 8.94 kN

Page 605 VDC = 6.06 kN

+ +

+

D

A E B C

6.06 kN

8.02 14.69

FIG. 11.20h Shear force diagram

12.09

+ + 12.12

3.96

A E B C D

FIG. 11.20i Bending moment diagram

Page 608

604Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 605

EXAMPLE 11.21: A continuous beam ABCD is simply supported at A and D. It is continuous over

supports B and C. AB = BC = CD = 4 m. EI is constant. It is subjected to uniformly distributed load of

8 kN/m over the span BC. Draw the shear force diagram and bending moment diagram.

8 kN/m

4m 4m 4m

A B E C D

FIG. 11.21a

S OLUTION

The simple beam moment

8 42

ME = = 16 kNm

8

16 kNm

A B E C D

FIG. 11.21b Simple beam bending moment diagram

MB MC

A B C D

FIG. 11.21c Pure moment diagram

Consider span ABC

Applying three moment theorem;

2 4 16 2

4MA + 2MB (4 + 4) + 4MC = 6 0 +

3 4

16MB + 4MC = 128 (i)

Consider span BCD

2 4 16 2

4MB + 2MC (4 + 4) + 4MD= +0

>

6

3 4

4MB + 16MC = 128 (ii)

606 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam605

MB = 6.4 kNm

MC = 6.4 kNm

span AB

6.4 kNm

A B

4m

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.21d

MB = 0; 4VAB + 6.4 = 0 (ii)

VAB = 1.6 kN

VBA = +1.6 kN

span BC

B C

4m

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.21e

2

84

MC = 0; 6.4 + 6.4 + 4VBC

2

=0 (iv)

VBC = 16 kN

VCB = 16 kN

span CD

6.4 kNm

C D

4m

VCD VCD

FIG. 11.21f

606

608 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 607

MD = 0; 6.4 + 4VCD = 0 (vi)

VCD = 1.6 kN

Page 608 VDC = 1.6 kN

16

1.6 kN

+ +

B

A C D

1.6

16

FIG. 11.21g Shear force diagram

16 kNm

+

6.4 6.4

A B C D

FIG. 11.21h Bending moment diagram

EXAMPLE 11.22: Analyse the beam shown in gure by SFD and BMD. EI is constant.

10 kN/m

6m 6m 6m 6m

A B C D E

FIG. 11.22a

45 45

A B C D E

FIG. 11.22b Simple beam BMD

608 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam607

MB MC MD

A B C D E

FIG. 11.22c Pure moment diagram

2 2

A1 = 6 45 = 180 A2 = 6 45 = 180 KNm2

3 3

x1 = 3 m x2 = 3 m

l1 = 6 m l2 = 6 m

Applying 3 moment theorem for the spans ABC

180 3

6MA+ 2MB (6 + 6) + 6MC = 6 0 +

>

6

24MB + 6MC = 540 (i)

Applying 3 moment theorem for the spans BCD

180 3 180 3

6MB + 2MC (6 + 6) + 6MD = 6 +

6 6

6MB + 24MC + 6MD = 6(180) = 1080

MB + 4MC + MD = 180 (ii)

Applying 3 moment theorem for spans CDE

180 3

6MC + 2MD (6 + 6) + 6ME = 6 +0

6

6MC + 24MD = 540 (iii)

solving equations (i), (ii) and (iii)

MB = 12.86 kNm.

MC = 38.57 kNm.

MD = 12.86 kNm.

span AB

12.86 kNm

A B

6m

VAB VBA

FIG. 11.22d

608Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 609

MB = 0; 6VAB + 12.86 = 0 (ii)

VAB = 2.14 kN

VBA = +2.14 kN.

span BC

B C

6m

VBC VCB

FIG. 11.22e

2

10 6

MC = 0; 12.86 + 38.57 + 6VBC

2

=0 (iv)

VBC = 25.72 kN

VCB = 34.28 kN

span CD

C D

6m

VCD VDC

FIG. 11.22f

2

6

MD = 0; 12.86 38.57 + 6VCD 10

2

=0 (vi)

VCD = 34.28 kN

VDC = 25.72 kN

span DE

12.86 kNm

6m

VDE VED

FIG. 11.22g

610Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beams 611

S OLUTION

MB = 20(1) = 20 kNm

The simple beam moments are

20 42

MF = = 40 kNm

8

60 4

MG = = 60 kNm

4

40 kNm 60 kNm

B C F D G E

FIG. 11.23b (b) Simple beam BMD

MD

MC

20

B C D E

FIG. 11.23c (c) Pure moment diagram

2 2

20(3) + 2MC (3 + 4) + MD (4) = 6 0 + 4 40

3 4

60 + 14MC + 4MD = 320

14MC + 4MD = 260 (i)

Apply 3 moment theorem for the spans CDE

2 2 1 2

MC (4) + 2MD (4 + 4) + 4ME = 4 40 + 4 60

>

6

3 4 2 4

4MC + 16MD = 6(53.33 + 60) = 680 (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii)

MC = 6.92 kNm

MD = 40.77 kNm

614 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam613

A C

+ 6EI +

L1 L2

A1 x1 = 960

2

A2 x2 = 6 180 3 = 2160

3

960 2160 240 120

Substituting, MA 4 + 2MB (4 + 6) = 6 + + 6EI +

4 6 EI 4 EI 6

MA = 163.33 kNm

Solving (1) and (2), hogging BM.

MB = 123.33 kNm

240 kN

40 kN/m

163.33 kNm 123.33 kNm

2m 2m

A B B O

6m

C

FIG. 11.25d Free body diagram of spans AB and BC

130 kN

140.56

A B C

94.44

110

FIG. 11.25e Shear force diagram

240

163.33 kNm + 123.33

+ 180

l

6 EI d

If support B is lower by d, the end moments must be marked by since each end moment

616

618 Basic Structural Analysis l2

Continuous Beams 617

acts in anticlockwise direction.

6 EI d

If the support B is higher by d, the100

endkN

moments will be marked by +

30 kN/m because each end

l2

moment is clockwise direction.

4m

A 8m 6m

C

E XAMPLE 11.24: Analyse the2.5EI B

continuous beam shown by EI

theorem of three moments. Draw

240 120

SFD and BMD. During loading, the supports at B and C settle by and respectively. EI

EI EI

is uniform.

Ans:

Page 618 RA = 45kN, RB = 165.5kN, RC = 69.5kN

(11.3) A continuous

continuous beam

beamofofuniform

uniformsection

sectionABCD

ABCD is supported andand

is supported loaded as shown

loaded in Figure.

as shown If

in gure.

If the

the support

support B sinks

B sinks bymm,

by 10 10 mm, determine

determine the resultants

the resultants and moments

and questions at the supports.

at the supports.

Assume E = 2(10)5 N/mm2 ; I = 6(10)7 mm4

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

40 kN

Preface to the Second Edition 10 kN/m v

20 kNm

Preface to the First Edition 3m vi

A

Acknowledgements 4m B 6m C 1m D vii

Preamble EI = Constant xiii

Concept Map xiv

12 Ans:

Inuence Lines for Indeterminate Beams 622

12.1 INTRODUCTION . . . kN,

VAB = +16.5 ....V. BA

. .=

. .+23.5,

. . . . . .V.BC. .=. +19,

. . . . . V. CB

. . =. .+21.0

.......... . 622

12.2 DEVELOPMENTMB = 14OFkNm INFLUENCE LINE DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 626

12.3 NUMERICAL EXAMPLES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627

(11.4)12.4 INFLUENCE

Determine LINESatUSING

the reactions A, B andMOMENT DISTRIBUTION

C of the continuous beam shown METHODin gure.. . . . . . . . . 664

References 8 kN 674

3 kN/m

Index 1m 3m 675

A 4m 5m

I B C

1.25I

Ans:

MA = 3.31 kNm, MB = 3.87, MCB = +7.44

618 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam617

(11.5) Analyse the continuous beam shown in Figure and determine the reactions

80 kN

50 kN/m 40 kN

1m 2m 2m 2m

4m 4m 4m

A 1.5I B 2I C I D

Ans:

VAB = 41.68 kN, VBA = 38.32, VBC = 102.88, VCB = 97.12

VCD = 28.03, VDC = 11.97, MA = 17.98 kNm,

MB = 52.93, MC = 41.42, MD = 9.29 kNm

(11.6) Analyse three span continuous beam by three moment theorems. Draw the BMD and shear

force diagram. Determine the end moments and reactions EI is constant.

50 kN 50 75 kN/m

25 kN/m

2m 2m

A 6m B 6m C 4m D

EI = Constant

Ans:

(i) RA = 75.39 kN, RB = 127.59 kN, RC = 97.85 kN, RD = 99.17 kN

MA = 75.78 kNm, MB = 73.44 kNm, MC = 55.55 kNm, Md = 55.2 kNm.

(11.7) Analyse and draw BMD and SFD for the beam shown in Figure. The values of second moment

area of each span are indicated along the members. Modulus of elasticity is constant.

100 kN

30 kN/m 80 kN 40 kN

1.25 m

2.5 m 2.5 m 2.5 m 1.25 m

2I 3I 4I

A B 6m D

C

Ans:

MA = 56.02 kNm, MB = 75.47 kNm, MC = 94.3 kNm, MD = 0

620 Basic Structural Analysis Continuous Beam619

(11.11) Determine the reactions and the support moment at B. Using Clapeyrons three moment theo-

rem.

10 kN

2m 2m 30 kN/m

3m 3m

A B C

EI = Constant

Ans:

VA = 4.81 kN, VB = 0.31, VC = 4.88 kN, MB = 0.72 kNm

(11.12) Analyse the continuous beam by three moment theorem, determine the support moments. No

loads on span AB.

0.5 kN 2.5 kN

1m

3m

8m 6 mD 3m

A I B I C I

Ans:

MA = 1.09 kNm, MB = 2.188 kNm, MC = 7.5 kNm

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