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Faculty of Biology, Universitas Nasional

Essay, Jakarta, September 2015


Siska Amelia Kuscintari
PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN THE WATERS OF EAST
PENJALIRAN ISLAND KEPULAUAN SERIBU DKI JAKARTA
xi + 59 pages, 2 tables, 6 pictures, 12 attachments

Indonesia is an archipelagic country which territory mainly consists of sea. Indonesia


holds a priceless biodiversity potential, one of them being planktons as part of the
biodiversity from the sea ecosystem. Phytoplanktons can be found in every water mass,
from the surface to depths with enough sunlight intensity to enable photosyntesis. This
research was carried out on the 3rd to the 5th of April 2015 at East Penjaliran island,
Kepulauan Seribu district, Jakarta. The research purpose was to discover the community
structure of the phytoplankton in the waters around East Penjaliran island which is
located in the 2nd core area of the Kepulauan Seribu DKI Jakarta Marine National Park.
Samples of phytoplankton and environmental parameters in East Penjaliran island were
taken from 4 stations which were divided into 3 spots each to represent the island
entirely. The coordinates of each station were recorded using a Global Positioning
System (GPS) device. The north station was located at 48 M 0674099 m E 9396940 m
S; east station 0674349 m E 9396405 m S; south station 0673740 m E 9396138 m S and
west station 0673415 m E 9396300 m S. The time of the extraction of samples ranges
from 10:00 to 15:00 local time. Phytoplanktons extracted from East Penjaliran island
consist of 5 divisions divided into 6 classes, 10 orders, and 205 species. The overall
abundance of species of the phytoplanktons extracted from each station range from
561.000 to 1.801.000 cells/L. The biodiversity of phytoplanktons in the waters of East
Penjaliran island was relatively high with index values ranging from 3,458 to 3,863, and
based on the Hutchinson test there were differences on each station. The evenness index
and the dominance index of the phytoplanktons show that the spreading of the
phytoplankton species in the waters of the East Penjaliran island was even and there
were no dominant species. Based on the environmental parameters, the overall
condition of the waters of the East Penjaliran island is relatively good for the growth
and development of the phytoplanktons.

Keyword: Phytoplankton, East Penjaliran, Community structure, core area

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