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Support Span Length Detail Calculation

Technical Comments

Arsala Rizki Suta Setasena 04/05/2017


Revision Prepared By Reviewed By Approved By Date
Document Title Support Span Length Detail Calculation
Document Reference
Document Type
Contents
1. Data...........................................................................................................................2
1.1. Known data from client: .............................................................................................................. 2
1.2. Question ....................................................................................................................................... 2
2. Explaination...............................................................................................................2
2.1. Allowable Axial Stress. ................................................................................................................. 2
2.2. Pressure Axial Stress .................................................................................................................... 3
2.3. Available Axial Stress ................................................................................................................... 3
2.4. Moment of Resistance Bending ................................................................................................... 3
2.5. Linear Weight of Filled Pipe ......................................................................................................... 4
2.6. Axial Stress Single Span Length .................................................................................................... 4
2.7. Sag Single Span Length with Sag 5 ........................................................................................... 5
2.8. Axial Stress Continuous Span Length ........................................................................................... 5
2.9. Sag Continuous Span Length with Sag 5 .................................................................................. 6
2.10. Final Single Span Length .............................................................................................................. 6
2.11. Final Continuous Span Length ..................................................................................................... 7
3. Conclusion .................................................................................................................7
Appendix A .......................................................................................................................1

VETM-F-GD1-R0 1
1. Data
1.1. Known data from client:
Operating Pressure = 10 Barg
Fluid = Water (1000 kg/m3) 1)
Operating Temperature = 5C
Pipe Span = 5 Meter
Axial Bending Modulus (Ex) = 10500 N/mm2
Pipe Design = Dia. 200mm
EST. 20
Te 3.3 mm

Actual Fluid is LPG Propane. However, water is being taken to consider the worst-case scenario for this
project.
1.2. Question
Is 5 meter still acceptable span?

2. Explaination
2.1. Allowable Axial Stress.
Axial stress due to pressure added by axial stress due to bending. The allowable axial stress can be obtained
by divided the LCL value by two and multiply by service factor of 0.67.

Pipe & Joint Long Term Occasional


75

50
Axial Stress

25

0
0 25 50 75 100 125 150
Hoop Stress

125
= 0.67
2

= 41.8

Where :

VETM-F-GD1-R0 2
= Allowable Axial Stress (Mpa)

2.2. Pressure Axial Stress



= ( + 1)
4

10 200
= ( + 1)
4 3.3

= 154 15.4

Where :
= Pressure Axial Stress (Barg)
= Design Pressure (Barg)
= Structural Internal Diameter (mm)
= Structural Wall Thickness (mm)

2.3. Available Axial Stress


Available Axial Stress can be obtained by subsctract the Allowable Axial Stress with Pressure Axial Stress.

= 41.8 15.4

= 26.4

Where :
= Available Axial Stress (Mpa)
= Allowable Axial Stress (Mpa)
= Pressure Axial Stress (Mpa)

2.4. Moment of Resistance Bending


4 4
= ( )
32

207.64 201.04
= ( )
32 207.6

= 106.5 103 3

Where :

VETM-F-GD1-R0 3
= Moment of Resistance Bending (mm3)
= Structural Outer Diameter (mm)
= Structural Internal Diameter (mm)

2.5. Linear Weight of Filled Pipe


( + )
=
1000

(31.4 + 4.9) 9.81


=
1000

= 0.356

Where :
= Linear Weigth of Filled Pipe (N/mm)
= Pipe Weight (kg/m)
= Medium Weight (kg/m)
= Gravity (9.81 m/s2)

2.6. Axial Stress Single Span Length


8
1 =

8 106.5 103 26.4


1 =
0.356

1 = 7948.71

1 = 7.9

Where :
1 = Axial Stress Single Span Length (mm)
= Moment of Resistance Bending (mm3)
= Available Axial Stress (Mpa)
= Linear Weigth of Filled Pipe (N/mm)

VETM-F-GD1-R0 4
2.7. Sag Single Span Length with Sag 5

3
2 = 0.7558

3 10500 1105.3 104


2 = 0.7558
0.356

2 = 5201

2 = 5.201

Where :
2 = Sag Single Span Length 5 (mm)
= Axial Bending Modulus (10,500 N/mm2)
= Linear Moment of Inertia (1105.3 x 104 mm4)
= Linear Weigth of Filled Pipe (N/mm)

2.8. Axial Stress Continuous Span Length


12
1 =

12 106.5 103 26.4


1 =
0.356

1 = 9735

1 = 9.7

Where :
1 = Axial Stress Continuous Span Length (mm)
= Moment of Resistance Bending (mm3)
= Available Axial Stress (Mpa)
= Linear Weigth of Filled Pipe (N/mm)

VETM-F-GD1-R0 5
2.9. Sag Continuous Span Length with Sag 5

3

2 = 1.292

3 10500 1105.3 104


2 = 1.292
0.356

2 = 8.9

Where :
2 = Sag Single Span Length 5 (mm)
= Axial Bending Modulus (10,500 N/mm2)
= Linear Moment of Inertia (1105.3 x 104 mm4)
= Linear Weigth of Filled Pipe (N/mm)

2.10. Final Single Span Length


Take the smallest value from 1 and 2 .
1 = 7.9
2 = 5.201
Therefore the single span is .

For this project, the single span length should be used in each of the following situation:
- For pipe system where the joint is not designed to transmit bending force; in this case flanged joints.
- Twice on each side of any change of direction
- Twice on both sides of an anchored valve or pump
- Twice on both sides of an expansion joints or expansion loop.

Figure 2-1 Single Support Span

VETM-F-GD1-R0 6
2.11. Final Continuous Span Length
Take the smallest value from 1 and 2 .
1 = 9.7
2 = 8.9
Therefore the single span is .

For this project, continuous span length may be used for pipe systems where the joints is rigid and capable
to transmit bending force. This continuous span length can be used for adhesive bonded and laminated
pipe systems.

Figure 2-2 Continuous Support Span

3. Conclusion
Based on the calculation above, the acceptable support span for each type is as follows
1. Single Span Support = 5200mm
2. Continuous Span Support = 8900mm

Therefore, 5-meter span length is still acceptable.

VETM-F-GD1-R0 7
Appendix A

Figure Appendix A Combination Support Span (Straight Line)

Figure Appendix A Combination Support Span (Elbows, Loop, Valves)

VETM-F-GD1-R0 1