16 views

Uploaded by Navin Kumar

sd

- Pedogeochemical Exploration for Base Metals and Ag in IRAN
- oxitop_oc_100
- Mariel.4C
- Measure of Spread
- s Pss 2 Central Tendency and Dispersion
- 105 0002E Capability
- An Evaluation of Predictive Models for individual level employee voluntar turnover.pdf
- INDRA SULEMAN.docx
- ECON10005 Lecture 3
- Quest Summary
- bbacam-106-notes.pdf
- Triola stat11t_Chapter3
- Cumulative Frequency
- Cem Sediment
- SPSS[1]
- Solution
- Probability Distribution of Engineering Properties of Soil at Telecomunication Sites in Indonesia
- 03 - Uncertainty
- Ansari Bradley
- May 15, 2009 63303 St Charles, MO Housing Market Report

You are on page 1of 11

STATISTICS FORMULAS

ruhrhpapd; tiffs;; ,ilepiyia fPo;f;fz;lKiwfspypUe;J

fz;lwpayhk;

$l;Lr; ruhrhp my;yJ ruhrhp 1. fhy;khdq;fs;

nfhLf;fg;gl;l xU tptuj;ij ehd;F

x1 + x2 + x 3 + ... + xn rkghfq;fshfg; gphpf;Fk; %d;W msitfs;

x=

n fhykhdq;fs; vdg;gLk;

1 n n+1

= xi

n i =1

Kjy; fhy;khdk; Q1 =

4

MtJ cWg;G

n+1

RUf;F Kiw %d;whk; fhy;khdk; Q3 = 3 MtJ cWg;G

4

x = A+

d 2. gjpd;khdq;fs;

n nkhj;j kjpg;Gfspd; vz;zpf;ifia 10

,jpy; A = cj;Njr ruhrhp my;yJ X y; rkghfq;fshfg; gphpf;Fk; msitfs; gjpd;

khdq;fs; vdg;gLk;

VNjDk; xU kjpg;G

D = cj;Njr $l;Lr; ruhrhpapypUe;J xt;nthU 3. E}w;Wkhdq;fs;

kjpg;gpd; tpyf;fk; E}w;Wkhd kjpg;GfshdJ gutiy 100 rk

ghfq;fshfg; gphpf;Fk;

epiwapl;l $l;Lr; ruhrhp

w x i i 4. Xift; tistiufs;

w i

tsh; tistiuapy; xd; kjpg;G mjpfkhdhy; yd;

kjpg;G FiwAk;

,irr; ruhrhp Fiw tistiuapy; xd; kjpg;G mjpfkhdhy; yd;

n kjpg;G mjpfhpf;Fk;

n

1

i =1 Xi

KfL

Xh; gutypy; ve;j kjpg;G mjpf Kiw tUfpwNjh,

ngUf;Fr; ruhrhp mk;kjpg;Ng Kfl;ilf; Fwpf;Fk;

log X guty; nrt;tfg;glk; %ykhf KfL kjpg;ig

Anti log

n fz;lwpayhk;

njhlh;r;rpahd guty;

,ize;j $l;Lr; ruhrhp f1 f0

n x + n2 x 2 l+ c

X= 1 1 2 f1 f0 f2

n1 + n2

mDgtj; njhlh;G

,ilepiy rkr;rPuhd gutypy; ruhrhp = ,ilepiy = KfL

nfhLf;fg;gl;l tptuq;fis ,U rk ghfq;fshfg; vd ,Uf;

,Uf;Fk;.

gphpf;Fk; kjpg;G ,ilepiy msT vdg;gLk;.

n+1 rkr;rPuw;w gutYf;fhd ruhrhpfSf;F ,ilNa

,ilepiy = MtJ cWg;G cs;s njhlh;ig Nguhrphpah; fhh;y; gpah;rd;

2 vd;gth;.

KfL = 3 ,ilepiymsT 2 ruhrhp

njhlh;r;rpahd thpirf;F ,ilepiy msT

fhzy;

N

m

l+ 2 c

f

Nfhl;lk; jpl;ltpyf;fk;

Nfhl;lk; vd;why; rkr;rPhpd;ik vd;W

nghUs;gLk;.

= d 2

d=x- x

i. fhh;y; - gpah;rdpd; Nfhl;lnfO n

$l; Lr; ruhrhp - KfL KhWghL = 2

jpl; ltpyf; fk;

ii. ngsypapd; Nfhl;lnfO khWghl;Lf; nfO(C.V)

Q3 + Q1 - 2 , ilepiy

100

Q3 - Q1 X

Nfhl;lmsit ,ize;j jpl;ltpyf;fk;

2

3 N X + N 2 X2

1 = 3 X 12 = 1 1

2 N1 + N2

tPr;R kw;Wk; tPr;R nfO N 1 12 + N 2 22 + N 1 d12 + N 2 d22

tPr;R = L S 12 =

L S N1 + N2

tPr;R nfO =

L+S d1 = X 12 X 1

fhy;khd tpyf;fk; kw;Wk; fhy;khd ,q;F

d2 = X 12 X 2

tpyf;ff; nfO

Q3 Q1 jl;ilasT :

fhy;khdtpyf;fk; = xU tis Nfhl;bd; cr;rpiag; gw;wp mwpe;Jnfhs;s

2 jl;ilasT gad;gLfpwJ.

Q3 Q1 rkr;rPuhd, kzptbt ,ay; epiy tistiuahdJ

fhy;khdtpyf;ff; nfO =

Q3 + Q1 ,ay;epiy vd ngahplg;gLfpwJ.

ruhrhp tpyf;fk; kw;Wk; nfO 4

2 =

ruhrhp tpyf;fk; =

D 22

n

nfO: yhud;]; tistiu

ruhrhp tpyf; fk; khWghl;lsitfis tiugl %yk; mwpa itg;gJ

yhud;]; tistiu MFk;.

$l; Lr; ruhrhp(my; yJ) ,ilepiy(my; yJ)KfL ,t;tistiu (0,0) tpy; Muk;gpj;J (100, 100)y;

KbtilfpwJ.

Kjy;epiy Gs;sptptuk;

Xd;iwnahd;W tpyf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfSf;fhd

Ma;thsh; jhNk Neubahf Nrfhpf;Fk; tptuk; $l;ly; Njw;wk;

1. Nehpilahf tptuk; Nrfhpj;jy;

2. kiwKf tha;nkhop Kiw

3. nra;jpahsh;fs; %yk; tptuk; P( A B) = P( A) + P( B)

Nrfhpj;jy; Xd;iwnahd;

wnahd;W tpyf;fhj epfo;r;rpfSf;fhd

4. jghy; thapyhf tpdhg;gl;bay; $l;ly; Njw;wk;

mDg;gp tptuk; Nrfhpf;Fk; Kiw P( A B) = P( A) + P( B) P( A B)

5. fzpg;ghsh;fs; %yk; gl;baiy

mDg;gp tptuk; Nrfhpj;jy;

,uz;lhk;epiy Gs;sptptuk;

Kd;Ng Nrfhpf;fg;gl;L ntspaplg;gl;l APPOLO STUDY CENTRE

gs;sptptuq;fspypUe;J jw;Nghija PH: 24339436, 42867555, 9840226187

tprhuizf;fhf vLj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gl;l Gs;sp

tptuq;fs; ,uz;lhk;epiy Gs;sptptuk; www.appolosupport.com

vdg;gLk;.

1. ntspaplg;gl;l Gs;sptptuq;fs;

2. ntspaplg;glhj Gs;sptptuq;fs;

APPOLO STUDY CENTRE

STATISTICS FORMULAS

Mean Median can be found using following

methods

Arithmetic mean or mean 1. Quartiles

x1 + x2 + x 3 + ... + xn The quartiles divides the distribution in four

x= equal parts.

n

First Quartile Q1 =

1 n n+1

= xi

n i =1 4

th item

n+1

Third Quartile Q3 = 3 th item

Short cut method 4

x = A+

d 2. Deciles

n The quartiles divides the distribution in ten equal

where A = the assumed mean or any value in x parts. These are 9 deciles D1, D2, D9

D = the deviation of each value from the

assumed mean 3. Percentiles

The quartiles divides the distribution in hundred

Weighted Arithmetic mean equal parts, each containing 1 percent of the

w x i i cases.

w i

4. Ogives

In More than ogive x increases then y decreases

Harmonic mean

n In Less than ogive x increases then y increases

n

1

i =1 Xi

Mode

The mode refers to that value in a distribution,

which occur most frequently.

Geometric Mean e.g., 2, 7, 10, 15, 10, 17, 8, 10, 2

log X Mode = 10

Anti log

n

Continuous Distribution

f1 f0

Combined Mean l+ c

2 f1 f0 f2

n x + n2 x 2

X= 1 1

n1 + n2 Empirical Relationship Between

Averages

Median In a symmetrical distribution the three simple

median is the middle value averages mean = median = mode. For a

Median =

n+1 moderately asymmetrical distribution, the

th item relationship between them are brought by

2

Prof.Karl Pearson as

Continuous Series (Median) Mode = 3 Median 2 Mean

N

m www.appolosupport.com

l+ 2 c

f

Skewness Secondary data

Skewness means lack of symmetry.

Measures of Skewness Data which have been already collected and

i. Karl-Pearsons Coefficient of analysed by some earlier agency for its own use

skewness later the same data are used by a different agency.

Mean Mode

S.D 1. Published source

ii. Bowleys Coefficient of Skewness 2. Unpublished.

Q 3 + Q1 2 Median

Q3 Q1 Standard deviation

= d 2

d=x- x

iii. Measures of skewness based on n

Moments Variance = 2

2

1 = 33

2 Coefficient of Variation (C.V)

100

Range and Coefficient of Range X

Range = L S

L S Combine standard deviation

Coefficient of Range =

L+S N 1 X1 + N 2 X 2

Quartiles deviation (Q.D.)and X 12 =

N1 + N2

Coefficient of Quartile deviation

N 1 12 + N 2 22 + N 1 d12 + N 2 d22

Q3 Q1 12 =

Quartiles deviation = N1 + N2

2

Coefficient of Quartile deviation d1 = X 12 X 1

where

Q3 Q1 d2 = X 12 X 2

Q3 + Q1

Kurtosis

Mean deviation and Coefficient of It is used to describe the peakedness of a curve

Mean deviation 4

Measure of Kurtosis 2 =

Mean deviation =

D 22

n Normal curve which is a symmetrical, bell shaped.

Coefficient = Lorenz Curve

Mean deviation It is used to study variability in the distribution of

Mean or Median or Mode profits, wages, revenue etc.,

Primary Data The curve start from are the origin (0,0) and ends

Which is collected by investigator at (100, 100)

himself for the purpose of a specific inquiry.

(such data is original) Mutually exclusive events:

1. Direct personal Interview P( A B) = P( A) + P( B)

2. Indirect oral interview

3. Information from respondents Not Mutually exclusive events:

4. Mailed questionnaire method P( A B) = P( A) + P( B) P( A B)

5. Schedule sent through enumerators

STATISTICS

Data Direct Actual Assumed mean Step deviation

Method mean method method

method

Ungrouped x 2 x

2

d 2 d 2 d

2

d 2 d

2

c

n n n n n n n

d =xx d=x-A xA

d=

c

Grouped fd 2 fd 2 fd

2

fd 2 fd

2

c

f f f f f

Note:

For a collection of n items (numbers), we always have

( x x ) = 0, x = nx and x = nx

Example:1

Prove that the standard deviation of the first n natural numbers is

n 2 1

=

12

Solution:

The first n natural numbers are 1, 2, 3, ., n.

x 1 + 2 + 3 + .... + n

x= =

n n

Their mean,

n ( n + 1) n + 1

= =

2n 2

Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers is

n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1)

x 2 =

6

2

x 2 x

Thus, the Standard deviation =

n n

2

n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1) n + 1

=

6n 2

=

( n + 1)( 2n + 1) n + 1 2

6 2

n + 1 ( 2n + 1) ( n + 1)

=

2 3 2

n + 1 2 ( 2n + 1) 3 ( n + 1)

=

2 6

n + 1 4n + 2 3n 3

=

2 6

n + 1 n 1

=

2 6

n 2 1

=

12

n 2 1

Hence, the S.D. of the first n natural numbers is =

12

Remarks:

It is quite interesting to note the following:

The S.D. of any n successive terms of an A.P. with common

n 2 1

difference d is, = d Thus,

12

n 2 1

S.D. i, i+1, i+2, .., i+n is = , i

12

S.D. of any n consecutive even integers, is given by

2

n 1

=2 , n

12

n 2 1

S.D. of any n consecutive odd integers, is given by = 2 , n

12

The mean for grouped data

fd

The direct method: x =

f

fd

The assumed mean method : x = A+

f

fd

The step deviation method: x = A + C

f

The cumulative frequency of a class is the frequency obtained by

adding the frequencies of all up to the classes preceding the given

class. The median for grouped date can be found by using the

formula

N

m

Median = l + 2 C

f

The mode for the grouped data can be found by using the

formula

f f1

Mode = l + C

2 f f1 f 2

PROBABILITY

Results

If A, B and C are any 3 events associated with a sample space S,

then

P(A B C)=P(A) + P(B) + P(C) P(A B) + P(B C)+ P(A

C)+ P(A B C)

If A1 , A 2 and A 3 are three mutually exclusive events, then

P( A1 A2 A3 ) = P ( A1 ) + P ( A2 ) + P ( A3 )

If A1 , A2 , A3 ,......., An are mutually exclusive events, then

P( A1 A2 A3 ........ An ) = P ( A1 ) + P ( A2 ) + P ( A3 ) + ....... + P ( An )

P ( A B ) = P ( A) + P ( A B )

P( A B)= P (B)+ P( A B)

Where A B mean only A and not B;

Similarly A B means only B and not A.

by P(E), is given by

Number of trials which the even happened

P( E ) =

Total number of trials

Number of favourable observations m

(or ) P( E ) = (or) P( E ) =

Total number of observations n

0 P( E ) 1

P( E ' ) =1 P( E ) , where E ' is the complementary event of E.

Gs;spay;

$l;Lr; ruhrhp

Cfr; ruhrhp Kiw gbtpyf;f Kiw

Gs;sp tptuk; Neub Kiw Kiw

Assumed mean Step deviation

Data Direct Method Actual mean

method method

method

njhFf;fg;

glhjit x 2 x

2

d 2 d 2 d

2

d 2 d

2

,q;F ,q;F> c

Ungrouped n n n n n n n

d =xx d=x-A xA

,q;F> d =

c

njhFf;fg;

gl;lit fd 2 fd 2 fd

2

fd 2 fd

2

c

Grouped f f f f f

Fwpg;G:

n cWg;Gf;fisf; (vz;fs;) nfhz;l njhF;g;gpw;F gpd;tUtd nka;ahFk;

( x x ) = 0, x = nx kw;Wk; x = nx .

vLj;Jf;fhl;L 1:

n 2 1

Kjy; n ,ay; vz;fspd; jpl;l tpyf;fk; = vd ep&gpf;f.

12

jPh;T:

Kjy; n ,ay; vz;fs; 1> 2> 3> ..> n.

x 1 + 2 + 3 + .... + n

x= =

n n

,tw;wpd; $l;Lr; ruhrhp>

n ( n + 1) n + 1

= =

2n 2

Kjy; n ,ay; vz;fspd; th;f;fq;fspd; $Ljy;>

n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1)

x 2 = .

6

2

x 2 x

jpl;l tpyf;fk;> =

n n

2

n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1) n + 1

=

6n 2

=

( n + 1)( 2n + 1) n + 1 2

6 2

n + 1 ( 2n + 1) ( n + 1)

=

2 3 2

n + 1 2 ( 2n + 1) 3 ( n + 1)

=

2 6

n + 1 4n + 2 3n 3

=

2 6

n + 1 n 1

=

2 6

n 2 1

=

12

n 2 1

Kjy; n ,ay; vz;fspd; jpl;l tpyf;fk;> =

12

Fwpg;G:

nghJ tpj;jpahrk;

pahrk; d nfhz;l xU $l;Lj; njhlh; thpirapy;

ve;j xU njhlh;r;rpahd n cWg;Gfspd; jpl;l tpyf;fk; vdNt>

n 2 1

=d , vdNt>

12

n 2 1

i, i+1, i+2, ., i+n -d;

d; jpl;l tpyf;fk; = , i

12

njhlh;r;rpahd n ,ul;ilg;gil KOf;

KOf;fspd; jpl;ltpyf;fk;

2

n 1

=2 , n

12

njhlh;r;rpahd n xw;iwg;gil KOf;fspd; jpl;l tpyf;fk;

n 2 1

=2 , n

12

fd

Neh;topKiw x =

f

fd

cj;Njr ruhrhp topKiw x = A +

f

fd

gbtpyfy; topKiw x = A + C

f

xU gphptpd; FtpT epfo;ntz;> me;j gphptpd; epfo;ntz;NzhL>

mjw;F Ke;ija gphpTfspd; epfo;ntz;fisf; $l;Ltjhy;

fpilf;fg; ngWtJ.

tifg;gLj;jg;gl;l Gs;sp tptuj;jpd; ,ilepiy msT fhZk;

N

m

#j;jpuk; ,ilepiy msT = l + 2 C

f

tifg;gLj;jg;gl;l Gs;sp tptuj;jpd; KfL fhZk; #j;jpuk; KfL

f f1

=l + C

2 f f1 f 2

epfo;j;jfT

epfo;r;rpfs; vdpy;> P(A B C)=P(A) + P(B) + P(C) P(A B) +

P(B C)+ P(A C)+ P(A B C)

A1 , A 2 kw; Wk; A 3 Mfpad xd;iwnahd;W tpyf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfs;

vdpy;> P( A1 A2 A3 ) = P ( A1 ) + P ( A2 ) + P ( A3 ) .

A1 , A2 , A3 ,......., An vd;gd xd;iwnahd;W tpyf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfs; vdpy;>

P( A1 A2 A3 ........ An ) = P ( A1 ) + P ( A2 ) + P ( A3 ) + ....... + P ( An )

P ( A B ) = P ( A) + P ( A B )

P( A B)= P (B)+ P( A B)

,q;F> A B vd;gJ A-Tk; B-,y;yhkYk; vdg; nghUs;gLk;> ,Nj

Nghy;> A B vd;gJ B-Ak; A ,y;yhkYk; vdg; nghUs;gLk;.

epfo; T Vw; gl; l Kaw; rpfspd; vz; zpf; if

P(E) =

Kaw; rpfspd; nkhj; j vz; zpf; if

(my;yJ)

P(E) =

fz; lwpe; j nkhj; j epfo; r; rpfspd; vz; zpf; if

(my;yJ)

m

P( E ) =

n

0 P( E ) 1

P( E ' ) =1 P( E ) ,q;F E ' vd;gJ E-d; epug;gp epfo;r;rp MFk;.

APPOLO STUDY CENTRE

No.25, Nandhi Loop Street,

West C.I.T. Nagar, Chennai 600 035

Near T.Nagar Bus Stand,

Landmark: Nandhi Statue

Ph: 24339436, 42867555, 9840226187

E-mail: appolotnpsc@gmail.com

Website: www.appolosupport.com

www.appolotraining.com

- Pedogeochemical Exploration for Base Metals and Ag in IRANUploaded byAlassane Traore
- oxitop_oc_100Uploaded byIordache Ovidiu
- Mariel.4CUploaded byMurray Borgonia
- Measure of SpreadUploaded bykinhai_see
- s Pss 2 Central Tendency and DispersionUploaded bySanam V S Srikar
- 105 0002E CapabilityUploaded byFJNovaes454
- An Evaluation of Predictive Models for individual level employee voluntar turnover.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 2WKRBqFlf
- INDRA SULEMAN.docxUploaded byNur Suryanti Kadir
- ECON10005 Lecture 3Uploaded bykajsdkjqwel
- Quest SummaryUploaded byssketchman
- bbacam-106-notes.pdfUploaded bySamyak Jain
- Triola stat11t_Chapter3Uploaded byhanin
- Cumulative FrequencyUploaded byMavlonbek Soliev
- Cem SedimentUploaded byAfendi Ariff
- SPSS[1]Uploaded byKarthi Keyan
- SolutionUploaded byAashish Bhardwaj
- Probability Distribution of Engineering Properties of Soil at Telecomunication Sites in IndonesiaUploaded byAmin Mojiri
- 03 - UncertaintyUploaded byAdriana Rezende
- Ansari BradleyUploaded bySuriani Zahadi
- May 15, 2009 63303 St Charles, MO Housing Market ReportUploaded byEric Stegemann
- strauss lab 4 water quality postlabUploaded byapi-347034303
- MathsUploaded bysumu_821
- Gauging Gage MinitabUploaded byFrancisco Hernandez
- Statistics HelpsUploaded byWilhelm Ramos
- Transportation Statistics: californiaUploaded byBTS
- normality skewness kurtosisUploaded byapi-285777244
- Numerical descriptive measures.pptxUploaded bysaheer
- Revisionguide - StatsUploaded byS.Waqquas
- Parachute Opening Force Analysis 1988Uploaded byMuzafar Shah Mosam Shah
- Ash Craft 2012Uploaded byEcker Hernández

- fkbjUploaded byNavin Kumar
- ibps_bank_po_exam_2013_practice_paper_complete_set__pdf.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- GfxUploaded byNavin Kumar
- ibps_bank_po_exam_2013_ga_supplement-new_on_161013_1_1.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- ENUtxt.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- IBPS-PO-Mains-2015-previous-Question-paper.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Official Notification for KRCL RecruitmentUploaded bySupriya Santre
- fzUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Auto Cad 2011 Custom at Ion GuideUploaded byleckmichamarsch17
- Staff Selection Commission, Southern Region, ChennaiUploaded byNavin Kumar
- gfx.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- IBPS Exam Calendar 2017Uploaded byNavin Kumar
- SdkasdfmksaUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Precision DrawingUploaded byShi Yu
- Hall TicketUploaded byNavin Kumar
- CGLE2017Notice.pdfUploaded byJerry Jose
- CGLE2017Notice.pdfUploaded byJerry Jose
- instructions.pdfUploaded byJeevanJuraz
- Appolo Group 1 Model II Aptitude SolvedUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Www Careerride ComUploaded byNavin Kumar
- GROUP IIA Exam 06.08.2017 General Studies Answer KeyUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Notification of NCC SPL Entry 43 Course APR 2018 Men WomenUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Application Form for Faculty Office Assistant AttendantUploaded byNavin Kumar
- STATISTICS-FORMULAS.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Advertisement Kolhapur SangliUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Appointment De6a89Uploaded byNavin Kumar
- 23-Techniques.pdfUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Terms Conditions Office AssistantUploaded byNavin Kumar
- quant_formulae.pdfUploaded byTamal

- Practice Test 3 AnswersUploaded byRedmondWA
- 1_2_1_1_5Uploaded byKaran Wadhwani
- 1489736452STRAIGHT LINE RACE (1) (1)Uploaded byhites
- engineering graphicsUploaded byvpsravi
- Problems With SolutionsUploaded bysamarth_85
- Add Maths Test FebUploaded by罗紫薇
- Mtap Grade 6 ReviewerUploaded byQueenie Butalid
- 2014 Chapter Competition Solutions - FINAL_0Uploaded byAnonymous y3hYf50mT
- IMO-Class-10 Level 2 (12-02-2017)Uploaded byKamal
- Maths -Short cuts జి సైదేశ్వర రావుUploaded byGupta Mariyala
- Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded bymazfig
- math testUploaded byiiimb_loop1777
- C Lab 1Uploaded bybishwash neupane
- 07-GemoetryUploaded byKomanduri Murali Srinivas
- C16-C-102042018Uploaded byAkhil thadaka
- copy of geometry final project-9Uploaded byapi-358952299
- 2-SymbolsUploaded byselvakumar
- 2014 12 Sp MathematicsUploaded bykartickmanik
- Chapter 5 Linear InequalitiesUploaded byCik Yana
- Finding the RateUploaded byBoizy
- Subsets of a LineUploaded byKeena Joy
- 804232 Sec 0905Uploaded bymasyuki1979
- Methods Summary NotesUploaded byDaniel Ye
- ZICA T3 - Business Mathematics & StatisticsUploaded byMongu Rice
- ch02_1Uploaded byCassey Toyu
- PMR 2003-2007 Fatimah MarsalUploaded byMia Shera
- WRITTEN PHASE.docxUploaded byMarielle Lombos
- 2018 Grade 10 Math ChallengeUploaded byManilyn Espinosa
- Volume Kerja Mt Thn 6Uploaded byAnonymous h0AAaGGi7
- advance soroban techniqueUploaded byAllehsiad Zenitram