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EEE3033: Basic Microwave Filter Design

Peter H. Aaen

Department of Engineering and Physical Sciences


University of Surrey, Guildford
Surrey, United Kingdom, GU2 7HX
p.aaen@surrey.ac.uk

Oct 26, 2015

University of Surrey 2016 EEE3033 Dr. P. H. Aaen


Overview
Introduction to filters
Insertion loss method
Low-pass
High-pass
Band-pass
Examples & demonstration design

University of Surrey 2016 EEE3033 Dr. P. H. Aaen 2


Primary
Secondary
SERVICE
FIXED
MOBILE

current status of U.S. allocations.


AMATEUR

SATELLITE
SATELLITE

Mobile
FIXED
ACTIVITY CODE
AERONAUTICAL

BROADCASTING

BROADCASTING
AERONAUTICAL
AERONAUTICAL

EXAMPLE
FIXED SATELLITE
RADIONAVIGATION
MOBILE SATELLITE

August 2011
AMATEUR SATELLITE

EARTH EXPLORATION

GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE

NON-GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE

Capital Letters
DESCRIPTION
MOBILE
MARITIME

Office of Spectrum Management


SATELLITE
SATELLITE

SATELLITE

ALLOCATION USAGE DESIGNATION


LAND MOBILE
LAND MOBILE
INTER-SATELLITE

METEOROLOGICAL
METEOROLOGICAL

MOBILE SATELLITE
RADIONAVIGATION

1st Capital with lower case letters


MARITIME MOBILE
MARITIME MOBILE

NTIA. As such, it does not completely reflect all aspects, i.e. footnotes and recent changes made to the Table
of Frequency Allocations. Therefore, for complete information, users should consult the Table to determine the
This chart is a graphic single-point-in-time portrayal of the Table of Frequency Allocations used by the FCC and
RADIO SERVICES COLOR LEGEND

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Facsimile: (202) 512-2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone toll free (866) 512-1800; Washington, DC area (202) 512-1800
SATELLITE

National Telecommunications and Information Administration


STATES

GOVERNMENT/NON-GOVERNMENT SHARED
RADIOLOCATION

SPACE RESEARCH

AND TIME SIGNAL


SPACE OPERATION
RADIONAVIGATION
RADIO ASTRONOMY
UNITED

THE RADIO SPECTRUM

RADIODETERMINATION

STANDARD FREQUENCY

TIME SIGNAL SATELLITE


RADIOLOCATION SATELLITE
ALLOCATIONS

STANDARD FREQUENCY AND


FREQUENCY

RADIONAVIGATION SATELLITE
30.0 3.0 300.0 30.6 3.0 300 3
MARITIME FIXED MOBILE AERONAUTICAL
FIXED - MOBILE - RADIONAVIGATION RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation FIXED MOBILE 30.56 MOBILE (OR)
SATELLITE SATELLITE 3.1 3.155
(Earth-to-space)

and
(Earth-to-space) 328.6 MOBILE

Satellite
Space research
3 kHz

RADIOLOCATION FIXED LAND MOBILE FIXED

Time Signal
31.0

Earth
Radiolocation AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION

3MHz
except aeronautical mobile (R)

(active)
satellite

(space-to-Earth)
exploration-

3 GHz
3.23
MARITIME

FIXED MOBILE (active) 335.4

Standard Frequency

30GHz
Aeronautical

300 kHz
(radiobeacons)
(radiobeacons)
Radionavigation

30 MHz
3.3 32.0

3GHz
SPACE EARTH
31.3 FIXED MOBILE
RADIONAVIGATION

300 MHz
RADIO RESEARCH EXPLORATION -

BY
ASTRONOMY (passive) SATTELLITE (passive) Radiolocation Radiolocation 399.9 FIXED MOBILE 325
Amateur MOBILE SATELLITE

mobile
Maritime AERONAUTICAL
FIXED

31.8 RADIONAVIGATION SATELLITE Aeronautical


SPACE RESEARCH (Earth-to-space) RADIONAVIGATION

MOBILE
33.0 Radionavigation

Radiolocation
RADIONAVIGATION 3.5 400.05 Mobile

except aeronautical
(deep space) (space-to-Earth) (radiobeacons) (radiobeacons)
32.3 AERONAUTICAL STANDARD FREQUECY AND TIME SIGNAL - SATELLITE 3.4 335
RADIONAVIGATION RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation FIXED
(ground based) (400.1 MHz) AERONAUTICAL

** EXCEPT AERONAUTICAL MOBILE


RADIONAVIGATION INTER-SATELLITE 3.6 400.15 LAND MOBILE
AERONAUTICAL MET. AIDS MOBILE SPACE RES. Space Opn. MET. SAT. MOBILE (R)

* EXCEPT AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)


FIXED-SATELLITE (Radiosonde) SAT (S-E) (S-E) (S-E) (S-E)
RADIONAVIGATION RADIOLOCATION 34.0

JUNE 1, 2011
33.0 (ground based) (space-to-Earth) Radiolocation 401.0 3.5
RADIONAVIGATION MET-SAT. EARTH Met-Satellite
3.65 MET. AIDS SPACE OPN. EXPL Earth Expl Sat
33.4 FIXED-SATELLITE (Radiosonde) (S-E) (E-S) SAT. (E-S) (E-S) (E-S) FIXED MOBILE
RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation MOBILE** (space-to-Earth) FIXED 402.0
3.7 MET. AIDS MET-SAT. EARTH EXPL Met-Satellite Earth Expl Sat 35.0
34.2 (Radiosonde) (E-S) SAT. (E-S) (E-S) (E-S)
Space research
(deep space) Radio- SPACE RESEARCH RADIO- 403.0
(Earth-to-space) location (deep space) (Earth-to-space) LOCATION METEOROLOGICAL AIDS (RADIOSONDE) FIXED
34.7 406.0 LAND MOBILE

DELMON C. MORRISON
RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation MOBILE SATELLITE (Earth-to-space)
Mobile

35.5 406.1 36.0


(radiobeacons)

Earth EARTH RADIO


AERONAUTICAL

FIXED MOBILE
Aeronautical

AMATEUR

EXPLORATION -
RADIONAVIGATION

exploration - ASTRONOMY

THIS CHART WAS CREATED


(active)
SPACE
RADIO

Radio

Space
FIXED MOBILE

LOCATION

(active)
location
RESEARCH
SATTELLITE (active) 410.0

research
sattellite (active)
SPACE EARTH EXPLORATION -
36.0 SPACE RESEARCH
FIXED MOBILE (space-to-space) 37.0
FIXED MOBILE RESEARCH SATELLITE 420.0 LAND MOBILE

FIXED
(passive) (passive) 37.5
SPACE RESEARCH
37.0
FIXED-SATELLITE Radio astronomy LAND MOBILE
MOBILE FIXED (space-to-Earth)

(space-to-Earth)
(space-to-Earth) RADIOLOCATION Amateur 38.0
37.5

FIXED-SATELLITE
RADIO ASTRONOMY MOBILE FIXED 4.0
MOBILE FIXED SPACE RESEARCH 38.25
(space-to-Earth) 450.0 FIXED MARITIME MOBILE 405
38.0 LAND MOBILE FIXED MOBILE 4.063 Aeronautical Mobile RADIONAVIGATION
454.0 39.0
NOT ALLOCATED

MOBILE FIXED FIXED-SATELLITE FIXED LAND MOBILE LAND MOBILE 415


(space-to-Earth) 455.0 40.0
38.6 4.2 LAND MOBILE 456.0 AERONAUTICAL MARITIME
MOBILE FIXED-SATELLITE FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE
(space-to-Earth) 460.0 FIXED MOBILE RADIONAVIGATION MOBILE
39.5 AERONAUTICAL LAND MOBILE FIXED
462.5375 435
FIXED-SATELLITE MOBIL-ESATELLITE
MOBILE

MOBILE FIXED RADIONAVIGATION LAND MOBILE


MARITIME

(space-to-Earth) (space-to-Earth) 462.7375 42.0


40.0 LAND MOBILE FIXED
467.5375
Earth exploration EARTH EXPLORATION

Satellite
satellite SATELLITE
4.4 LAND MOBILE

FIXED-

Mobile-
SPACE

satellite
467.7375

SATELLITE
4.438

RESEARCH
Meteorological
(space-to-Earth) (Earth-to-space)

(space-to-Earth)

(space-to-Earth)
(Earth-to-space)
(space-to-Earth)
40.5 FIXED MOBILE LAND MOBILE FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE
470.0
BROADCASTING-
4.5 MOBILE
BROADCASTING except aeronautical mobile (R)
FIXED

MOBILE-

SATELLITE
SATELLITE 43.69

(space-to-Earth)
(space-to-Earth)
FIXED-SATELLITE
Mobile

41.0 4.65

ISM - 40.68 .02 MHz


Maritime
Aeronautical

FIXED
FIXED- BROADCASTING-

BROADCASTING
AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)
Radionavigation

LAND MOBILE
SATELLITE BROADCASTING

(TV CHANNELS 14 - 20)

FIXED
SATELLITE LAND MOBILE 4.7

Fixed FIXED
MOBILE
(space-to-Earth)

Mobile MOBILE
(space-to-Earth)
512.0

FIXED-SATELLITE
42.0 AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)
BROADCASTING SATELLITE BROADCASTING MOBILE FIXED 4.8 4.75
42.5 46.6 MOBILE
RADIO ASTRONOMY FIXED-SATELLITE FIXED
(EARTH-to-space)
MOBILE** FIXED FIXED MOBILE FIXED MOBILE except aeronautical mobile (R) 495
43.5 4.94 47.0 4.85
MOBILE-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space)
MOBILE (distress and c alling)
FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) FIXED MOBILE**
45.5 FIXED MOBILE 505
RADIONAVIGATION- 4.99 MARITIME MOBILE
SATELLITE MOBILE-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) MOBILE
46.9 RADIO ASTRONOMY Space Research (Passive) LAND MOBILE 4.995 510
RADIO- 5.0
NAVIGATION- MOBILE-SATELLITE RADIONAVIGATION-SATELLITE STANDARD FREQUENCY AND TIME SIGNAL (5 MHz) AERONAUTICAL
MOBILE FIXED AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION 5.005 9
SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) (Earth-to-space) MARITIME MOBILE
47.0 5.01 49.6 FIXED RADIONAVIGATION
AMATEUR AMATEUR-SATELLITE AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION
RADIONAVIGATION-SATELLITE (ships only)
47.2 (space-to-Earth)(space-to-space) FIXED MOBILE 5.06 (radiobeacons)
FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) MOBILE FIXED 5.03 50.0
48.2 525
FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION AERONAUTICAL

BROADCASTING
MOBILE FIXED
50.2 MOBILE RADIONAVIGATION
mobile

(TV CHANNELS 21-36)


SPACE RESEARCH EARTH EXPLORATION- 5.15
FIXED

MOBILE

(passive) SATELLITE (passive) AERONAUTICAL FIXED-SATELLITE 535


except aeronautical

50.4 (Earth-to-space)
RADIONAVIGATION 5.25
MOBILE-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) 5.45
AMATEUR

FIXED
MOBILE
FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) RADIOLOCATION 608.0 54.0

Earth
51.4 LAND MOBILE AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)

(active)
(active)
EARTH
(medical telemetry and

SATELLITE
exploration-
MOBILE FIXED medical telecommand)
RADIO ASTRONOMY

Radiolocation
satellite (active)
Space research

SPACE RESEARCH
52.6 614.0
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive) SPACE RESEARCH (passive) 5.255 5.68
SPACE RESEARCH
54.25 AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)
(passive) INTER- SATELLITE EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive)
55.78 5.73
RADIOLOCATION

Earth
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive)

(active)
(active)
(active)

EARTH
INTER- MOBILE

exploration-
RADIONAVIGATION

SATELLITE
MOBILE FIXED

Radiolocation
except aeronautical mobile (R)

Space research
satellite (active)
SATELLITE SPACE RESEARCH (passive) 5.59
56.9 5.35
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive)
INTER-
SPACE RESEARCH (passive) SATELLITE

Earth
BROADCASTING

(active)
(active)

(active)
EARTH
exploration-
57.0

SATELLITE

AERONAUTICAL
RADIOLOCATION
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive)

Space research
satellite (active)
Radiolocation

RADIONAVIGATION
INTER- 5.46
SPACE RESEARCH (passive)
6.2 14
SATELLITE
(TV CHANNELS 38-51)
BROADCASTING

58.2
SPACE

Earth
EARTH EXPLORATION-

(active)
(active)

(active)
EARTH
RESEARCH

exploration-

SATELLITE
SATELLITE (passive)

FIXED FIXED FIXED FIXED

MOBILE MOBILE MOBILE


RADIOLOCATION
Space research
satellite (active)
Radiolocation
(passive) MARITIME MOBILE

SPACE RESEARCH SPACE RESEARCH SPACE RESEARCH

RADIONAVIGATION
EXPLORATION- EXPLORATION- EXPLORATION- EXPLORATION-
59.0 5.47 698.0
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive)
RADIO- INTER- MARITIME BROADCASTING
LOCATION SATELLITE RADIONAVIGATION FIXED MOBILE
SPACE RESEARCH (passive)

MOBILE
FIXED
(TV CHANNELS 52-61)
6.525

Earth

(active)
59.3

(active)
EARTH
(active)
763.0

exploration-

SATELLITE

ISM 5.8 .075 GHz


INTER- RADIOLOCATION

Space research
satellite (active)
AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)

SPACE RESEARCH
EXPLORATION-
MOBILE FIXED RADIOLOCATION SATELLITE 5.57 FIXED MOBILE 6.85
64.0 RADIOLOCATION MARITIME RADIONAVIGATION
BROADCASTING

5.6 775.0 AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)


Fixed

MARITIME METEOROLOGICAL
(TV CHANNELS 2-4)

INTER- 6.765
FIXED

RADIONAVIGATION AIDS RADIOLOCATION


MOBILE** FIXED SATELLITE 5.65 FIXED MOBILE BROADCASTING MOBILE
65.0 RADIOLOCATION Amateur
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE
INTER- Amateur-satellite
5.83 793.0 except aeronautical mobile (R) FIXED
MOBILE ** FIXED RADIOLOCATION

ISM - 61.25 0.25 GHz


SATELLITE Amateur
MARITIME MOBILE

SPACE RESEARCH (space-to-Earth) 7.0


66.0 FIXED-SATELLITE
5.85 FIXED MOBILE
RADIO RADIOLOCATION MOBILE Amateur AMATEUR AMATEUR SATELLITE
MOBILE- RADIO INTER- (Earth-to-space)
ISM - 6.78 .015 MHz

MOBILE SATELLITE NAVIGATION- NAVIGATION 5.925 805.0 7.1


SATELLITE SATELLITE FIXED SATELLITE
71.0 FIXED (Earth-to-space) FIXED MOBILE BROADCASTING
6.425 19.95
FIXED-SATELLITE AMATEUR
(Earth-to-space) MOBILE 806.0
LAND MOBILE

Earth)
6.525 STANDARD FREQUENCY AND TIME SIGNAL (20 kHz)

MOBILE
FIXED

Earth)
809.0

(space-to-

FIXED-
MOBILE

SATELLITE
FIXED-SATELLITE 72.0

(space-to-
(Earth-to-space) FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE 7.3
74.0 6.7 849.0 FIXED MOBILE 20.05
BROADCASTING FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space)(space-to-Earth) AERONAUTICAL MOBILE 73.0 BROADCASTING
FIXED 6.875 851.0 7.4
BROADCASTING

Earth)
Space
Earth)
MOBILE FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space)(space-to-Earth) LAND MOBILE

research
FIXED-
FIXED RADIO ASTRONOMY

(space-to-

SATELLITE FIXED
MOBILE
(space-to-
854.0

SATELLITE
SATELLITE 7.025 74.6
76.0 MOBILE FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE FIXED MOBILE
Space research RADIO 7.075 894.0
(space-to-Earth)
RADIOLOCATION Amateur AERONAUTICAL MOBILE 74.8
ASTRONOMY MOBILE FIXED
77.0 7.125 896.0 AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION
mobile (R)
FIXED

Space research RADIO 75.2


MOBILE

(space-to-Earth)
RADIOLOCATION Amateur-satellite Amateur FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE MOBILE
ASTRONOMY FIXED
except aeronautical

77.5 7.145 901.0 75.4


Space research RADIO FIXED SPACE RESEARCH (deep space)(Earth-to-space) FIXED MOBILE
Amateur-satellite AMATEUR 902.0 FIXED MOBILE 8.1
(space-to-Earth) ASTRONOMY 7.19 76.0
78.0 RADIOLOCATION MARITIME MOBILE FIXED
Space research RADIO FIXED SPACE RESEARCH (Earth-to-space)
RADIOLOCATION Amateur- Amateur 7.235 928.0 8.195
(space-to-Earth) ASTRONOMY satellite 81.0 FIXED FIXED
7.25 929.0
(AM RADIO)

FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) MOBILE-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) Fixed FIXED LAND MOBILE MARITIME MOBILE
930.0
BROADCASTING

Space
7.3

RADIO
FIXED-

research

FIXED
MOBILE

MOBILE-
FIXED 8.815

MOBILE
SATELLITE

SATELLITE
(Earth-to-space)
FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) Mobile-satellite (space-to-Earth)

ASTRONOMY
FIXED

(space-to-Earth)
931.0
ISM - 915.0 .13 MHz

84.0 METEOROLOGICAL
7.45 FIXED LAND MOBILE AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)
Mobile-satellite 932.0 8.965
FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) FIXED
SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) (space-to-Earth) AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)
RADIO 7.55 FIXED 9.04
FIXED-
FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) Mobile-satellite (space-to-Earth)
935.0
ASTRONOMY FIXED FIXED LAND MOBILE

FIXED
SATELLITE FIXED

MOBILE
(Earth-to-space) (Earth-to-space)
7.75 940.0 9.4
86.0 METEOROLOGICAL-
BROADCASTING

FIXED FIXED MOBILE


(TV CHANNELS 5-6)

SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) 7.85 941.0


FIXED FIXED
7.9 944.0 BROADCASTING
FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) MOBILE-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) Fixed FIXED

RADIO
960.0

SPACE
EARTH

8.025 88.0

(passive)
(passive)
Mobile-satellite
SATELLITE

RESEARCH
EARTH EXPLORATION- 9.9

ASTRONOMY
FIXED SATELLITE (Earth-to-space)
EXPLORATION-

SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) (Earth-to-space) FIXED FIXED


92.0 (no airborne) 9.995
METEOROLOGICAL- Mobile-satellite
8.175 STANDARD FREQUENCY AND TIME SIGNAL (10 MHz)
SATELLITE
FIXED-SATELLITE EARTH EXPLORATION-
(Earth-to-space)
1.005
RADIO- RADIO (Earth-to-space) SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) FIXED AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)
FIXED MOBILE LOCATION (space-to-Earth) (no airborne) 1.01
ASTRONOMY 8.215 AMATEUR
94.0 Mobile-satellite
EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) 10.15
(space-to-Earth) (Earth-to-space) FIXED
(no airborne)
FIXED

University of Surrey 2016 EEE3033 Dr. P. H. Aaen


8.4
RADIO FIXED SPACE RESEARCH (deep space)(space-to-Earth) Space research (deep space)(space-to-Earth)
AERONAUTICAL
(R)

8.45
(active)
EARTH

(active)
SPACE
except

RADIONAVIGATION

ASTRONOMY
(FM RADIO)

RADIO-
SATELLITE

SPACE RESEARCH (space-to-Earth) FIXED


RESEARCH
FIXED

Mobile

LOCATION
EXPLORATION-

8.5
BROADCASTING

94.1 RADIOLOCATION
aeronautical mobile

Radiolocation
8.55 1164.0 11.175
RADIO
MARITIME MOBILE

FIXED MOBILE RADIO- RADIONAVIGATION-SATELLITE AERONAUTICAL


Earth

AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)


EARTH
(active)

(active)
satellite

Space

RADIO-

LOCATION ASTRONOMY
Radio-

SPACE
SATELLITE

(active)
(active)

(space-to-Earth)(space-to-space) RADIONAVIGATION
research
location
exploration -

LOCATION
EXPLORATION-

RESEARCH

95.0 1215.0 11.275


8.65 RADIONAVIGATION-
RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation SATELLITE AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)
Earth

(active)
EARTH
satellite
(active)

(active)
(active)

SPACE

RADIO-

9.0 (space-to-Earth)
SATELLITE
exploration-

RESEARCH

LOCATION
Space research

AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION
EXPLORATION-

Radiolocation (space-to-space)
11.4
RADIO

RADIO-
RADIO-
FIXED

RADIO-

9.2 108.0
MOBILE

FIXED
SATELLITE

1240.0
ASTRONOMY

NAVIGATION-
LOCATION

MARITIME RADIONAVIGATION
NAVIGATION

Radiolocation 11.6
100.0 9.3
Earth

RADIONAVIGATION
(active)

(active)

Meteorological Aids Radiolocation


EARTH
satellite

RADIO -
(active)

RADIO-

EARTH
SPACE
Amateur

(active)

SATELLITE
exploration-

SPACE
NAVIGATION

BROADCASTING
LOCATION
Space research

AERONAUTICAL
EXPLORATION-

9.5
RESEARCH

RESEARCH RADIO EXPLORATION-


ASTRONOMY SATELLITE 1300.0 12.1
Earth

EARTH

(active)
(active)
satellite

(passive)
Space

RADIO-
Radio-

SPACE
SATELLITE
(active)

(active)
location
exploration -

research

(passive) AERONAUTICAL RADIONAVIGATION Radiolocation FIXED


LOCATION
EXPLORATION

RESEARCH

102.0 1350.0
9.8 12.23
RADIO RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation FIXED MOBILE RADIOLOCATION
MOBILE FIXED 10.0 1390.0
ASTRONOMY RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation Amateur FIXED MOBILE ** Fixed-satellite (Earth-to-space)
MARITIME
105.0 10.45 1392.0
AERONAUTICAL

RADIOLOCATION Radiolocation Amateur Amateur-satellite MOBILE ** MOBILE


SPACE FIXED
RADIONAVIGATION

10.5 1395.0
RESEARCH RADIO MOBILE RADIOLOCATION LAND MOBILE (medical telemetry and medical telecommand)
ASTRONOMY
FIXED 10.55 1400.0 117.975 13.2
(passive) FIXED EARTH EXPLORATION - SATELLITE SPACE RESEARCH AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (OR)
109.5 10.6 (passive) RADIO ASTRONOMY (passive)
AERONAUTICAL
EARTH SPACE RESEARCH (passive) EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive) 1427.0 13.26
SPACE EXPLORATION-
FIXED MOBILE (R)
RADIO 10.68 LAND MOBILE LAND MOBILE Fixed AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R)
Non-Federal Travelers Information Stations (TIS), a mobile service, are authorized in the 535-1705 kHz band.

RESEARCH SATELLITE RADIO ASTRONOMY SPACE RESEARCH (passive) EARTH EXPLORATION-SATELLITE (passive) (medical telemetry and 121.9375 13.36
ASTRONOMY 10.7 medical telecommand (telemetry and telecommand) (telemetry) AERONAUTICAL MOBILE
(passive) (passive) 1429.5 123.0875 RADIO ASTRONOMY
111.8 FIXED FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) FIXED (telemetry and 13.41
LAND MOBILE (telemetry & telecommand) AERONAUTICAL MOBILE
SPACE 11.7 telecommand) 123.5875 FIXED Mobile
RESEARCH
RADIO FIXED (telemetry and Fixed-satellite
1430.0 except aeronautical mobile (R)
FIXED MOBILE FIXED-SATELLITE (space-to-Earth) LAND MOBILE
ASTRONOMY telecommand) (telemetry & telecommand) (space-to-Earth)
AERONAUTICAL 13.57
(passive) 12.2 1432.0
114.25 BROADCASTING-SATELLITE FIXED FIXED MOBILE **
BROADCASTING
SPACE EARTH 12.7 1435.0 MOBILE (R) 13.87
RADIO EXPLORATION- FIXED-SATELLITE (Earth-to-space) MOBILE FIXED 59
RESEARCH 13.25 MOBILE (aeronautical telemetry) 128.8125 FIXED Mobile
ASTRONOMY SATELLITE 1525.0
(passive) Aeronatuical AERONAUTICAL except aeronautical mobile (R) STANDARD FREQUENCY AND TIME SIGNAL (60 kHz)
(passive)
Earth

116.0 MOBILE SATELLITE (space-to-Earth)


(active)
(active)

EARTH
satellite

14.0
Space

SPACE

(active)
(active)

SATELLITE
exploration -

research

EARTH MOBILE (R) 61


EXPLORATION -

RESEARCH

SPACE Radionavigation 1559.0 132.0125 AMATEUR AMATEUR SATELLITE


INTER- EXPLORATION- 13.4 RADIONAVIGATION-SATELLITE AERONAUTICAL
RESEARCH SATELLITE AERONAUTICAL AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (R) 14.25
SATELLITE (passive) (space-to-Earth)(space-to-space) RADIONAVIGATION
Earth

(passive)
Earth