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(GB 50009-2001)
GB50010-2002
JGJ3-2002
GB50300-2001
GB50204-2002
JGJ5999
JGJ130-2011
2 2.1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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8 250mm
120 3.9m
250x700mm 8.1

(GB 50009-2001)GB50010-2002
(GB 50017-2003)

2.00kN/m2 1. ()(mm):500(mm):1500
()(mm):500(mm):500
(mm):M14 2. :: 483.0
I(cm4):10.78 W(cm3):4.49
:2
3. :
(mm):95.00(mm):45.00
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18 4. :(mm):16.00
(N/mm2):9500.00
fc(N/mm2):13.00
(N/mm2):1.50 5. fc(N/mm2):13.00
E(N/mm2):9500.00
ft(N/mm2):1.50
E(N/mm2):210000.00
fc(N/mm2):205.00

:
-- 24.000kN/m3
t -- 1.000h www.docin.com

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19 T -- 20.000
V -- 2.500m/h
H -- 2.900m
1-- 1.200
2-- 1.150
F
11.521 kN/m269.600 kN/m2 11.521 kN/m2

F1=11.521kN/m2
F2= 2 kN/m2 ,

1. :
M--(N.mm)
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.211.520.500.90=6.221kN/mwww.docin.com

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20 0.90
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
q = q1 + q2 =6.221+1.260=7.481 kN/m
M =0.17.481500.0500.0= 1.87105N.mm

--(N/mm2)
M --(N.mm)
W -- :
b:h:
W= 50016.016.0/6=2.13104 mm3
f --(N/mm2) f=13.000N/mm2
= M/W = 1.87105 / 2.13104 = 8.767N/mm2
=8.767N/mm2
[f]=13N/mm2 2. :
--(N)
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.211.520.500.90=6.221kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
q = q1 + q2 =6.221+1.260=7.481 kN/m
= 0.67.481500.0 = 2244.402N
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21
--(N/mm2)
- -(N) = 2244.402N
b--(mm)b = 500mm
hn--(mm)hn = 16.0mm
fv--(N/mm2)fv = 13.000 N/mm2
: T =32244.402/(2500
16.0)=0.421N/mm2
: [fv]=1.500N/mm2
T=0.421N/mm2
[T]=1.5N/mm2 3.
:
q--: q = 11.520.5 = 5.76N/mm

l--(): l = 500mm
E--: E = 9500N/mm2
I--: I = 501.61.61.6/12=17.07cm4
:[] = 2mm
: = 0.6775.765004/(10095001.71105) = 1.503
mm
: =1.503mm
[]=2mm ().()
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22
95mm 45mm I W
:
W = 954545/6 = 32.06cm3
I = 95454545/12 = 72.14cm4

1.
M--(N.mm)
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.211.520.500.90=6.221kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
0.90
q =(6.221+1.260)/1=7.481 kN/m
M =0.17.481500.0500.0= 1.87105N.mm

--(N/mm2)
M --(N.mm) www.docin.com

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23 W --(mm3)W=3.21104
f --(N/mm2) f=13.000N/mm2
= 1.87105/3.21104 = 5.833 N/mm2
: [f] = 13N/mm2
= 5.833 N/mm2
[f]=13N/mm2 2. :
V
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.211.520.500.90=6.221kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
0.90
q = (q1 + q2)/2 =(6.221+1.260)/1=7.481 kN/m
= 0.6
7.481500.0 = 2244.402N
:
--(N/mm2)
--(N) = 2244.402N
b--(mm)b = 95.0mm
hn--(mm)hn = 45.0mm
fv--(N/mm2) = 1.500 N/mm2
: fv =32244.402/(295.045.0)=0.788N/mm2
: [fv]=1.500N/mm2
=0.788N/mm2 www.docin.com

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24 [fv]=1.5N/mm2 3.


--(mm)
q--(kN/m) q = 11.520.50/1=5.76 kN/m
l--(): l =500.0mm
E--N/mm2E = 9500.00 N/mm2
I--(mm4)I=7.21105
: = 0.6775.76/15004/(10095007.21105) = 0.356
mm
: [] = 2mm
=0.356mm []=2mm

().()

I W :
483.0
W = 4.49cm3
I = 10.78cm4

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25 4.

: P = (1.211.52+1.42)0.50.5/2=1.87kN
(): l = 1500mm
:M = 0.1751870.341500.00= 4.91105 N/mm

-- (N/mm2)
M -- (N.mm)M = 4.91105 N/mm
W -- W = 4.49103 mm3
[f] --(N/mm2)[f] =205.000N/mm2
: = 4.91105/4.49103 = 109.346 N/mm2
: [f] = 205N/mm2
=109.346N/mm2
[f]=205N/mm2, 5. :
--(N)
l--(): l =1500.0mm
P--: P = (1.211.52+1.42)0.5
0.5/2=1.87kN
= 0.651870.335 = 1.82103N
:
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26 --(N/mm2)
--(N) = 1.82103N
b--(mm)b = 50.0mm
hn--(mm)hn = 100.0mm
fv--(N/mm2)fv = 1.500 N/mm2
: =31.82103/(250.0100.0)=0.547N/mm2
: [fv]=1.500N/mm2
: [fv]=1.5N/mm2
=0.547N/mm2
[fv]=1.5N/mm2 6.

--(mm)
P--(kN/m)P = 11.520.500.50/21.44
kN/m
l--(): l =1500.0mm
E--N/mm2E = 210000.00 N/mm2

I--(mm4)I=1.08105
: = 1.1462.88100/215003/(1002100001.08105)
= 2.46mm
: [] = 6mm
=2.46mm []=6mm
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27
N --
A -- (mm2)
f -- 170 N/mm2

: M14
: 11.55 mm
: A = 105 mm2
: [N] = 1.701051.0510-4 = 17.85 kN
: N =11.5211.50.5 = 8.641 kN
N=8.641kN
[N]=17.85kN 8.2

(GB 50009-2001)GB50010-2002
(GB 50017-2003)

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28
B(mm):500.00 H(mm):300.00:H =
6.00m

2.00kN/m2

1 1 3.00 :
1. B :2 B :3
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29 H :1 H :2
(mm):M14 2. :: 483.0
I(cm4):10.78 W(cm3):4.49
(mm):500:2 3. : (mm):90.00(mm):45.00
:1 4. :(mm):18.00
(N/mm2):9500.00
fc(N/mm2):13.00
(N/mm2):1.50 5. fc(N/mm2):13.00
E(N/mm2):9500.00 ft(N/mm2):1.50
E(N/mm2):210000.00 fc(N/mm2):205.00

:
-- 24.000kN/m3
t -- 0 200/(T+15)
5.714h
T -- 20.000
V -- 2.500m/h www.docin.com

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30 H -- 6.000m
1-- 1.000
2-- 1.150
F
54.861 kN/m2144.000 kN/m2 54.861 kN/m2

F1=54.861kN/m2
F2= 2 kN/m2
B H

H l= 210 mm
3 H

1. B
M--(N.mm)
l--(): l =210.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.254.860.50
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31 0.90=29.625kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
0.90
q = q1 + q2 =29.625+1.260=30.885 kN/m
M = 30.885210210/8= 1.36105N.mm

--(N/mm2)
M --(N.mm)
W -- :
b:h:
W= 50018.018.0/6=2.70104 mm3
f --(N/mm2) f=13.000N/mm2

= M/W = 1.36105 / 2.70104 = 5.045N/mm2


=5.045N/mm2
[]=13N/mm2 2. :
--(N)
l--(): l =210.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.254.860.500.90=29.625kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.500.90=1.260kN/m
0.90
q = q1 + q2 =29.625+1.260=30.885 kN/m www.docin.com

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32 = 0.530.885210.0 = 3242.919N
:
--(N/mm2)
--(N) = 3242.919N
b--(mm)b = 500mm
hn--(mm)hn = 18.0mm
fv---(N/mm2)fv = 13.000 N/mm2
: =33242.919/(250018.0)=0.540N/mm2
: [fv]=1.500N/mm2
=0.54N/mm2
[fv]=1.5N/mm2 3. :
--(mm)
q--(kN/m) q = 54.860.5027.43
kN/m
l--(): l =210.0mm
E--N/mm2E = 9500.00 N/mm2
I--(mm4)
I= 50018.018.018.0/12 = 2.43105 mm4
: [] = 210 / 250 = 0.84 mm
: = 527.43210.04/(3849500.02.43105) = 0.301
mm www.docin.com

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33 =0.301mm []=
0.84mm,
3.0m, 500mm 3

90mm 45mm I W
:
W = 904545/6 = 30.38cm3
I = 90454545/12 = 68.34cm4
1. M--
(N.mm)
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.254.860.21
0.90=12.146kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.210.90=0.517kN/m
q = (12.146+0.517)/1=12.663 kN/m
M =0.112.663500.0500.0= 3.17105N.mm
--(N/mm2) www.docin.com

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34 M --(N.mm)
W --(mm3)W=3.04104
f --(N/mm2) f=13.000N/mm2
: = M/W = 3.17105/3.04104 = 10.422N/mm2
=10.422N/mm2
[]=13N/mm2 2. :
--(N)
l--(): l =500.0mm
q--:
q1: 1.254.860.210.90=12.146kN/m
q2: 1.42.000.210.90=0.517kN/m
q = (12.146+0.517)/1=12.663 kN/m
= 0.612.663500.0 = 3798.848N
:
--(N/mm2)

--(N) = 3798.848N
b--(mm)b = 90.0mm
hn--(mm)hn = 45.0mm
fv--(N/mm2)fv = 1.500 N/mm2
: =33798.848/(290.045.0)=1.407N/mm2
: [fv]=1.500N/mm2
=1.407N/mm2
[fv]=1.5N/mm2 www.docin.com

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35 3. :
--(mm)
q--(kN/m) q =54.860.21 = 11.25 kN/m
l--(): l =500.0mm
E--N/mm2E = 9500.00 N/mm2
I--(mm4)I=6.83105
: [] = 500/250 = 2mm
: = 0.67711.25500.04/(1009500.06.83105) =
0.733 mm
=0.733mm []=2mm
B 483.0
I W :
W = 4.49 cm3
I = 10.78 cm4
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36 P - -(kN) B
P = (1.2 54.860.9 + 1.4 20.9)0.205 0.5/2 = 3.17
kN
B (kN)
: N = 2.653 kN
B (kN.m)
: M = 0.069 kN.m
B (mm)
: V = 0.010 mm 1.
: M = 0.07 kN.m
: W = 4.49 cm3
B : = 14.57 N/mm2
: [f] = 205 N/mm2
B =14.57N/mm2
[f]=205N/mm2! 2. : = 0.01 mm www.docin.com

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37 :[] = 166.7 / 250 = 0.667 mm


=0.01mm []=0.667mm
! B :
N --
A -- (mm2)
f -- 170 N/mm2

: M12
: 9.85 mm
: A= 76 mm2
: N = 2.653 kN
: [N] = 1.701057.6010-5 = 12.92 kN
N=2.653kN
[N]=12.92kN!
H I
W :
483.0
I W :
W = 4.49cm3
I = 107.8cm4
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38 P -- (kN) H
P = (1.254.860.9+1.420.9)0.21 0.5/2 = 3.24 kN
H (kN)
: N = 2.348 kN
H
(kN.m)
: M = 0.070 kN.m

H (mm)
: V = 0.007 mm 1. :
: M = 0.07 kN.m
: W = 4.49 cm3
H : = 14.766 N/mm2
: [f] = 205 N/mm2
H =14.766N/mm2
[f]=205N/mm2! 2. : V = 0.007 mm
: [V] = 150 / 250 = 0.6 mm www.docin.com

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39 V =0.007mm [V]=0.6mm! H
:
N --
A -- (mm2)
f -- 170 N/mm2

: M12
: 9.85 mm
: A= 76 mm2
: [N] = 1.701057.6010-5 = 12.92 kN
: N = 2.348 kN
: N=2.348kN [N]=12.92kN
!

JGJ130-2001GB50010-2002
(GB 50009-2001)(GB 50017-2003)
:L1 www.docin.com

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40 1.
B(m):0.30
D(m):0.70
(mm):120.00
La(m):1.00
a(m):0.30
h(m):1.50

H(m)
2.70
(m):1.00
:
Lb(m):1.00
483.5
:
:0.80 2. www.docin.com

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41 (kN/m2):0.35
(kN/m3):1.50
(kN/m2):2.5
(kN/m2):18.0
(kN/m2):2.0
(kN/m2):2.0 3. E(N/mm2)10000.0
fm(N/mm2)17.0
fv(N/mm2)1.7

E(N/mm2)9500.0
fm(N/mm2)13.0 4. b(mm)45.0
h(mm)
95.0
(mm)400.0
(mm)16.0 5. (mm)500
4
(mm)500
2
200mm200mm
(mm)M12
, 45mm 95mm
2
, 45mm 50mm www.docin.com

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42 1.

:
-- 24.000kN/m3
t -- 0 200/(T+15)
5.714h
T -- 20.000
V -- 1.500m/h
H -- 0.750m
1-- 1.200
2-- 1.150
F
50.994 kN/m218.000 kN/m2 18.000 kN/m2
,

4
(mm) www.docin.com

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43 1. :
-- (N/mm2)
M -- (N.mm)
W -- W = 501.61.6/6=21.33cm3
[f] -- (N/mm2)

q -- :
: q1= 1.20.5180.9=9.72kN/m
: q2= 1.40.520.9=1.26kN/m
q = q1+q2 = 9.720+1.260 = 10.980 kN/m
(): l = 193.33mm
M= 0.110.98193.3332 = 4.10104N.mm
:
= 4.10104 / 2.13104=1.924N/mm2
: [f] = 13N/mm2
=1.924N/mm2
[f]=13N/mm2 2.
q--: q = 180.5 = 9N/mm
l--(): l = 193.33mm
E--: E = 9500N/mm2
I--: I = 501.61.61.6/12=17.07cm4
: = 0.6779193.334/(10095001.71105) = 0.053
mm www.docin.com

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44 :[] = l/250 =193.333/250 = 0.773mm


=0.053mm
[]=0.773mm 1. ()

1 45mm 50mm I
W :
W = 455021/6 = 18.75cm3
I = 455031/12 = 46.88cm4
1. : --
(N/mm2)
M -- (N.mm)
W --
[f] -- (N/mm2)

q = (1.2180.9+1.420.9)0.193=4.25kN/m
(): l = 500mm www.docin.com

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45 : M=0.14.25500.002= 1.06105N.mm
:R=1.14.2460.5=2.335 kN
= 1.06105/1.88104 = 5.661
N/mm2
: [f] = 17N/mm2
= 5.661 N/mm2
[f]=17N/mm2 2.
E -- 10000N/mm2
q-- q =18.000.19= 3.48 N/mm
l--()l = 500mm
I--I = 9.38105mm4
: = 0.6773.485004/(100100009.38105) = 0.157
mm
: [] = 500/250=2mm
=0.157mm []=2mm
2. () 2.335kN,

2
45mm 95mm I
W :
W = 459522/6 = 135.38cm3
I = 459532/12 = 643.03cm4 www.docin.com

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46
(kN.m) (mm) 1.
-- (N/mm2)
M -- (N.mm)
W --
[f] --(N/mm2)
M= 0.483 kN.m
: l = 200mm
: = 4.83105/1.35105 = 3.565 N/mm2
: [f] = 17N/mm2
=3.565N/mm2
[f]=17N/mm2 www.docin.com

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47 2. 0.237 mm
: [] = 200/250=0.8mm
=0.237mm
[]=0.8mm :
N --
A -- (mm2)
f -- 170 N/mm2

: 12 mm
: 9.85 mm
: A= 76 mm2
: N =180.50.3 =2.7 kN
: [N] = 17076/1000 = 12.92 kN
N=2.7kN
[N]=12.92kN ,

I W :
W = 3001616/6 = 1.28104mm3
I = 300161616/12 = 1.02105mm4 www.docin.com

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48

1.
-- (N/mm2)
M -- (kN.m)
l--(): l =400.00mm
q -- (kN/m)

q1: 1.224.00+1.500.300.700.90=5.78kN/m

q2:1.20.350.300.90=0.11kN/m

q3: 1.42.000.300.90=0.76kN/m
q = q1 + q2 + q3=5.78+0.11+0.76=6.65kN/m

:
Mmax = 0.106.6530.42=0.106kN.m
=0.106106/1.28104=8.316N/mm2
=8.316 N/mm2
[f]=13N/mm2 2.

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49
q--:
q =(24.0+1.50)0.700+0.350.30= 5.46KN/m
l--(): l =400.00mm
E--: E = 9500.0N/mm2
:[] =400.00/250 = 1.600mm
: =
0.6775.464004/(10095001.02105)=0.973mm
: =0.973mm :[] =
400 / 250 = 1.6mm

1. (1)(kN/m)
q1= (24+1.5)0.70.4=7.14 kN/m
(2)(kN/m)
q2 = 0.350.4(20.7+0.3)/ 0.3=0.793 kN/m
(3)(kN/m)
P1 = (2.5+2)0.4=1.8 kN/m 2.
q=1.27.140+1.20.793=9.520 kN/m
P=1.41.800=2.520 kN/m
q = 9.520+2.520 = 12.040 kN/m
I W : www.docin.com

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50 W=4.59.59.5/6 = 6.77101 cm3


I=4.59.54.59.5/12 = 3.22102 cm4 3.

:
a=(1.000-0.300)/2=0.350 m
c=0.300 m
M=0.12512.0400.3000.300+0.512.0400.300
0.350=0.768 kN.m
=767550.000/6.77104=11.340 N/mm2
[f]=17.000 N/mm2
11.340 N/mm2 [f]=17.000
N/mm2 4. :
: V =12.0400.300/2=1.806 kN
T=31806.000/(245.0095.00)=0.634 N/mm2
[T]=1.700 N/mm2
0.634 N/mm2 [T]=1.700 N/mm2

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51 5.
:
q = 7.140 + 0.793 = 7.933 kN/m

=7.933300.000(81000.0003-4300.00021000.000+300.0003)/(384100
00.0003.22106)=1.478 mm
[]=1000.000/250=4.000 mm
=1.478 mm []=4.000 mm
,

1. P=
1.806 KN.

(kN.m)
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52
(mm)

(kN)
Mmax = 0.462 kN.m
Vmax = 1.279 mm
Rmax = 5.042 kN
= 0.462106 /(5.08103 )=91.016 N/mm2
[f]=205 N/mm2
91.016 N/mm2
205 N/mm2,!
Vmax=1.279mm 1000/150 10 mm,! :
5.1.7, 8.00kN
0.80 6.40kN
(
5.2.5):
R Rc
Rc -- , 6.40 kN
R --
R R=3.612 kN
R < 6.40 kN , ! :
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53
1.:
N --
N1 =5.042 kN
N2 = 1.20.1292.7=0.418 kN
N3=1.2(1.00/2+(1.00-0.30)/2)1.00
0.35=0.357 kN
:
N4=1.2(1.00/2+(1.00-0.30)/2)1.000.120
(1.50+24.00)=3.121 kN
N =5.042+0.418+0.357+3.121=8.939 kN
-- lo/i
i -- (cm)i = 1.58
A -- (cm2) A = 4.89
W -- (cm3)W = 5.08
-- ( N/mm2)
[f] -- [f] =205 N/mm2
lo -- (m)

lo = k1uh (1)
k1 -- 1.155
u -- 5.3.3u =1.7

Lo = k1uh = 1.1551.71.5 = 2.945 m


Lo/i = 2945.25 / 15.8 = 186
lo/i = 0.207
=8938.8/(0.207489) = 88.308 N/mm2
= 88.308 N/mm2 [f]
= 205 N/mm2 www.docin.com

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54 2.
N --
N1 =5.042/Sin75o = 5.22 kN
N2 = 1.20.129(2.7-0.7)/Sin75o = 0.321 kN
N = 5.22+ 0.321 = 5.541 kN
--= 75 o
-- lo/i
i -- (cm)i = 1.58
A -- (cm2) A = 4.89
W -- (cm3)W = 5.08
-- ( N/mm2)
[f] -- [f] =205 N/mm2
lo -- (m)

lo = k1uh/Sin (1)
k1 -- 1.155
u -- 5.3.3u =1.7

Lo = k1uh/Sin = 1.1551.71.5/0.966 = 3.049 m


Lo/i = 3049.147 / 15.8 = 193
lo/i = 0.193
=5540.959/(0.193489) = 58.711 N/mm2
= 58.711 N/mm2 [f]
= 205 N/mm2
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