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GENERAL CONDITION OF THE ROAD

The Nkonkonjeru to Wanale road is a 20.8 Km partly surfaced and partly gravel road
that connects Mbale town to Wanale hill via a number of trading centres including
Busamaga and Budwale.
Junction near High court at Km 0+000 Top of Wanale hill at Km 20+800

The road is lightly trafficked and the surfacing is generally a gravely lateritic layer for
the largest portion of the road with some few surface dressed sections. In the
immediate vicinity of Mbale town up to Busamaga (Km 0+000 to Km 5+000) the
surface dressing on the route generally appears to be adequately maintained and in
good condition. However, soon after leaving Busamaga (from Km 5+000 to Km
20+8000), the surfacing on the road is critically damaged to the extent that it
becomes an earth track.
Typical gravel road surface Typical surface dressed section
The link is in a poor condition characterised by surface corrugations, potholes,
inadequate drainage and poor alignment. The road is exhibiting little evidence of
serious rutting which is most probably due to the reasonably high CBR value of the
surfacing and the low traffic volumes. The existing road generally runs through a
natural ridge line and is edged by high cuttings and steep embankments.

Deformed road surface at Km 7+000 Localised portions of surface dressing

Road alignment

The existing alignment of the link can be described as being in poor condition with
difficult and irregular geometrical elements such as tight bends, steep longitudinal
gradients and uneven cross sections. This is due to the local terrain which generally
displays hilly to mountainous characteristics and prevents the existing road
alignment from providing a consistent riding platform. With this state of the road, a
number of realignments will be required along the route in order to attempt to
accommodate higher design speeds. However, it should be noted that any major
improvements to the existing poor horizontal and vertical alignments will be limited
by the difficult nature of the surrounding terrain and can be extremely costly.
Tight horizontal curve at Km 16+000 High cuttings and steep embankments

Where the route moves from the natural ridge line and descends into valleys, rock
outcrops become increasingly evident and in some sections these protrude through
the surfacing layer. Given that the mountainous terrain bedrock is likely to be found
at relatively shallow depths throughout the entire length of this route; in general, the
surfacing has a coarse/gravely appearance. In the sections with steep longitudinal
gradients, the surface scouring which is evident has resulted in some deformation of
the surfacing.
Rock protruding from road surface Typical mountainous terrain
Drainage Conditions

Along the existing route it was observed that there are two major drainage structures
for the two river crossings. At approximately Km10+500 there exists an Armco pipe
culvert with a diameter of 1200mm which is a good condition. At Km 10+200 there
exists a single span reinforced concrete bridge with reinforced concrete abutments.
The bridge looks sound, but only carries a single lane 3m wide deck.

Nabuyonga Bridge at Km 10+200 Armco culvert at Km 10+500