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Jl,,~ - - -

Sl. No. 0
PHYSICS

Paper-I

ITime Allowed : Three Hours I IMaximum Marks : 300 I


INSTRUCTI ONS

Each question is printed both in Hindi and


in English.
Answers must be written in the medium
specified in the Admission Certificate issued
to you, which must be stated clearly on the
cover of the answer-book in the space
.provided for the purpose. No marks will be
given for the answers written in a medium
other than that specified in the Admission
Certificate.
Candidates should attempt Question Nos. 1
and 5 which are compulsory, and any three
of the remaining questions selecting at least
one question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by each
question is indicated, at the end of the
question.
Assume suitable data if considered
necessary and indicate the same Clearly.
Symbols/ notations carry their usual
meanings, unless otherwise indicated.

tm'f ~ : 31:lf~i1 'liT W<ft "'4HR..., 'S!Vo!-'i:! ij; filffi'l '[IJ 'R
'0'!1 i I

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Sectio n-A

1. Answe r all the six. parts below 1Qx6=60


(a) With an approp riate diagra m, show that
in the Ruther ford scatter ing, the orbit
of the particl e is a hyperb ola. Obtain an
expres sion for impac t param eter.

(b) Imagin e that a rigid body is rotatin g


about a fixed point with angula r
w.
velocit y Assum ing that the coordi nate
axes coincid e with the princip al axes, if
T stands for kinetic energy and G for
.extern al torque acting on the body,
show that
a.r . . . .
-=G w
dt

(c) A spaces hip measu res 50 m in length


on ground and it measu red a length of
497 m in space as observ ed from the
ground . Find out the speed of the
spaces hip.

(d) Write down the one-di mensio nal


harmo nic oscilla tor differe ntial equati on
under dampi ng and its solutio n for the
lightly dampe d .condit ion, with the
meani ngs of symbo ls.
Determ ine the depen dent energy in the
lightly dampe d condit ion .

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- .r :.. ,

10x6=60
(<f;) 1:% e~d ~ IDu >:ffl. <:~If;;<; f<li (<;(oM ~<!ilofol
ll.<!i111 <lit ~1Jl'"l%'.:>tfil4(iil<'l~ ~~I~~
~ ~ 1:% i'l't> mll <lil ~'<I

(~) 'h<"H <lil~ f<l; 1:% ~ m v;q; ~- ~ t


~~ <t>Juft~ WI 'it " -~ .'f>\di ~ 1 >:ffl ~ &
F!i .f-l~~l<t> a;~.~ at&i't t ~ ~! ~ T $
~ 'f>T. O>!m 'li((fl t 'd'WT .G m ' WT- WI iiTij1
' . ' - ' "

""iil<'1""'1'{'mf ~, <: ~ If;; <; f<li


. .A

., 1:.
dT --> --.
-=G. w
dt '
. . '

(TJ) 1f<li atdfW <!F! 'lfr '


50 m ~ 1!T<rnl ~ 'd'WT
ai.oft~ 11. 'I!ff i\ ,~ ~ ~- 49.7 m ~ -~
~I 3tift~ <If)' <lit~~ <lil~<;l
i . .
('Q) :>!'Ill<:~ 1l ~-~ m<'l 3T1<I(ff <;]<'I if> 'f;T
:>~<t<t><'l wflil><"l Rift9 'd'WT ~ 3wic:~ -~ t
~ ~ ~ ~1\l\1 <t>T, W!! ~ '&'< mll
<lii~<;l '
~ :>~<ttil<d ~ 1l ~-~ ~ <lil~r

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(e) The Fraunhofer- sii).gle-slit diffraction
intensity is given by
2
l=Iostn x
x2

dy- w1t
1t -
"where x = - . h 1' as t h e ,d"1stance
AI
from slit to source, d the slit width, y the
detector distance and A the wavelength.
What is the value of cumulative
intensity r~ I(y)dyi

(f) A plane wave has the following


expression 'for its electric field :
->
E = XEox cos(cot- kz+ a)+ yE 0 y cos(cot- kz+ ~)

If the phase_ difference is defined as


li = ~ -a, under what conditions do we
achieve elliptic polarization? What are
the conditions for circular polarization?

2. (a) :Determine the number of' degrees of


freedom for a rigid body-
(i) moving freely in space of three
dimensions;
(ii) having iine 'point fixed;
(iii) having two points 'fixed. 30

(1:}) Prove that the time taken by t4e earth to
travel over half of its orbit separated by
the ininor axis remote from the sun is
two days more than half a year. Given,
the period of the earth is 365 days and
eccentricity of the orbit = 1 J60. 10

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......-'. -lt_-=. - -- IlL..,., U~

~ x = 11}.1dy W<l z mo it ~ <lit ='~,- d ~


. ~
<lit~. y ~<<lit~ am.>- <1<~!~uf1 ~
r
<furnT ~ J(y) dy 'liT 1!R 'f<IT t?

->
E =XEo~. cos(w t- kz +a) +.[JE 0 y cos(oo~- kz + 13)
>lft 'fiiill'<i( ~ 'mn t ~=13-a it, <i\ ~
f1l;;j ~ i! <!ltf<4ffl'1 Wi"T 1m! ~? ~
Wi"' ~ ~ 'f<IT ~ ~?

2. (q;) 11;'11 w; m ~ ~ ~d~dl <lit q;)fZ ma *lf.lt;,


~~

(i)- ~ fcl !ftq 3N'fil~l i! ljtt> 'lJR! 'fi{ WI t;

fiiJ 11;'11 ~ 'l{ ~ m;


tw; <:1~311~~-m' 3o

(~) -m *lf.l~; "Pcl; ~ ~~ <fi~~ 3'1&1-~ it w m,


<Iii ;mq;) ~'3ll!ft 'fil;ll (!q; 'lJR! inB i! 3lTt) q<f
it GT ~-~ ~ oWn I ~ ~<~flfli; ~<lit
'liliil-3liffu 365 ~ t W<l 'fil;ll <iii .3~00S::dl
1/60 tl 10

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(c) With an app~gpriate .diagram,: deduce
the velocity proflle for streamline flow of
a liquid through' a capillary of circular
cross-section . Deduce also the fraction
of liquid which flows . through the
section up to. a distance a/2 from
the axis, where a is tlie radius of the
capillary. 20
~ !
3. (a) Explain the physical significance of
group velocity from the concept of phase
.velocity with r_elevllt expressions. 15

(b) Prove that the group c veloci~y V9 of


electrinnagh etic waves in: a dispersive
medium with, refractive index. n(A. 0 ) at
wavelength 1., 0 is ,given by

v: - c
g - n(A.o)- A. a dn(A.ol
dA.o
where cis the free space velocity .of light.
Fin:d the time taken for the
electromagn etic 'pulse to travel a
distance D. 20

(c) When a thin fllm -of a transparent


material is put behind one o-f the slits
in Young's double-slit interference
ex_p'eriment, the zero-order frfugemoves
to the position previously occupied by
the ~ourth-order bright fringe. The index.
'of refraction of the mi:n is 'n =1 -2 and
the' wavelength 'of llght, A.= sooo A.
Determine the thickness of the film. 10

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- ----------- -- ~ =-"

(TJ) ~ 6~Rla't<:il1R1~ <lit 6i!l'ldl "H ~-vft<i q!N~


<lit <1>~1"'1
' - . . if M -lr<l- ili t~luhsu
. . .m ili WI
sil<tl~<'l q;J'f.lIH <!ilf.Jll;l -~ q;J <fi!_,.;W, ~
qf{'<J~ i'\ 3l8J "H af2 ~ oq; ~ql~d mm t q;J
>ft f.l 1IIH <!il f.l ~' ~ d <\;~I '1i ( 'f;i 31tfo'lrn ~ I 20
' l

'
a. {<ii) miftrn &i"li!>l <lit 6i!l'ldl "H <n<.11 WI <lit
' ' ~"'<"'l~l
"H Wi!1 WI ili >frm ~ <it <'!!! <lilf.lv: I 15

(19) ~ <lilf.lv: f<l; ~-i14<1il<l oirii q;J WW WI


V9 , f'Rfi 'lft~ l!TU!Ii i'\ f.l6<!il >.. 0 'd(l~uf 'R '
~qqJ'Ijit; n(A'of t f.l"'lft1fula ID'ti ixm ~ mm :
Vg= c ... .
'
n(A.o)- A.o dn(A.o)
dA.o
~-c wn 3lil<!il~l il. Y<lim q;J WI~~ ~ ~
~<lilll ~ <it D ~- (!<[ "fiG_ i'\ .find~ I Will
~? 20

(TJ) ~ <iTT ~ ftq:; .fmt Ollrd<iit?l m i'l 1!.'li fm't ili


f'Rft 'l'd<'fi -4R~~IT- ~ <it WI 01R1T t ""
<fu
-~ <i?rll <lit &;;;r ~-~ 'R ~ ~ ~-;;'
-~~~<lit "'ii<lil<:'ft ~ ~.1 ~ q;J
3l4ild'lii!> n = 1--2 (1'1!1 Y<lim q;J a(l~uf
>.. = 5ooo A~~~ <lit~ mer <lilf.lv:1 10

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(d)' In relation to a- plane diffraction..-gr ating
having 5000 lines .per em and irradiated
by light of wavelength 6000 A, answer
the following : 15

(i) What is .thO! highest order spectrum


which may be observed?

(ii) If the width of opaque space is


exactly tWice that of the
trall_sparent space, which order of
spectra will be absent?

4. (a) For calcite, -the refractive indices of


ordinary and extraprdinar y .rays are
165836 and 148641 at A. 0 = 5893 A
. .
respectively. A left circularly polarized
beam of this wavelength is incident
normally on such crystal of thickness
0005141 mm having its optic axis cut
parallel to the surface. What will be the
state of poliuization of the emergent
beam? 15

(b) Bring out the essential differences


between the physical principles of
spontaneous and stimulated emission
of radiation. Why is it difficult to get
efficient lasing action in case of an ideal
two-level material system? Can you
propose a. scheme to enhance
c;fficiency? Discuss. 15

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(>r) -f'i;~IL<:i4d<1 fi'IJofl m~WN -it,~ 5000
.'tWt -mt ililifk( m3TR foHl 6000 Aa{IM ~
'li<f;m ~- fii>(Rlid 'f'l;<rr Tf'!T. ~.- f.i'"'IRi_[{ijd ~ :m
<!l f.! t.{ : 15
.
(i) 'i!iRcm ::i~d4 ~<fiifil~q ~";;n WI><TI
~i

(ii) ~ 3141mff Wl'l>l~l <lit ~ 4R<:~ff


31'*f'l~l <lit il<!i ~ -m. m~ <tfl <liT
. .. ';f@ itm?
fil~q ~ ~ _.....
~ ~

4. ('<!i) ih~l~l <liT A. 0 = 5893 A 'l1: <:114Hl'~ ~


fil>(un 'Iii :>lq"!J~lq; Sliim= ,1-65836 ~
11864:1 t1 0005141 mm '4'R:rf ~ ~
f?hR<'l.'R; f.i<:i<lil %1~ft 318;1 '21J ~ <:i41'<H 'liTll
Tf'!T -m. 't.{'fi qm VI Wr 14>("1i-'1 ~
3114Rld mar t 1 f.rfo l4>1."1i-'1 <lit WI"' ~ w
mrf\? 15

('&) fi'li4;(UI ~ ~: 3ffi;,f~ ~ 3~fi'ld 3ffi;if;J ~ >ftf/rq;


fli'IJJ ::ffi ~' 1!UI ~ 311 Cl~<l ill
itcit '<liT 4il f.! t.{ I 't.{'fi
-~- fha(lw ~ <i:! -it q8J "ffiH fsl;m 'li'T\l 'R'IT
'f<l1 ~ mar ~? W 3m G8Jffi -it Wffi <liT ~
~f(llq ~ ~ ~? 0!11\S<ll <lilf.it.{l 15

C-DTN-L-QZA/25 9 - .'
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.(c) Show : with :proper mathematical
ru;aJysi_s that .the ratio o~ Einstein's A
and B coefficients depends upon the
eriergy separatio,;_ .between the two
energy levels participating in the optical
transitions. What is the physical
sigrlificance. of..A coeffJ.c.ient? JustifY the
statement, "It is very difficult to develop
an X-ray laser". 20+5+5=30

5. Answer all the six parts below : 10x6=60

1 {d) Find whether the discharge of a .:,


condenser through the .inductive
< circuit is oscillatory when C ,; 0 1 JlF,
L= 10 mH and R = 200 Q. :If it is
oscillatory, .calculate its frequency .

. (b) The"lfour ru:ms of a Wheatstone' bridge


have the following resistances :
AB=100Q, BC=lOQ, CD=5Q, DA=60Q
A galvanometer of 15 Q resistance is
conne"ded across BD: Calculate 1:1:\.e
current through the.galvanometer when
a potential
' ' - difference. . -of. 10 volts
-
is
maintained across AC.
\. -
.I

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(TT) e~a 1fillifl'l li'l~<'l~~ <lit . e~l'lol ~ ~ <:~l~t(iil>
3ll~t2k ~ A'([?.!! .B ~ 'q;r -~ ~<t>l~l<t>
<i"''"~"l 11 <'!. ~-- m~ m iii l!UI ~
'I1ITf

fi'l <:'1' H ';R, f.M '1i\<IT h "T"i<t> A ~~ >ftfu<t> ~


<i<!d? ~ 'li"R ~ 3il [;, ('<l qil ~ <htf.lt( f<l;
"1.% 1l;<m- mur <'1m qil li'l<t>fuo "<t>Br ~ '1ft.!
.20+5+5=30

10x6=60

('!i) ~- <idl~~ 'f<\; ~ i!,ili -~ ~ 11 ijmfur q;r


~-Pleoi~ <i!1:1ofl ~ ;;ro! c = o 1!-lF,
,L., = 10
- mH .([?.!! R.=
-. 200 .Q. ~ ~ Gl<:'lofl t -

<fil ~ <lit TfllRT <lit f.l t( I ' r


on

(<9) 1.%. 101~0~ fir.! <lit -;;nU '-fila# 11 f.l"'l~\lilo


>ITI!Ut< ~ :
AB=foOQ, BC=lOh, CD=5Q, DA=60Q

1.% ~rlHi<lk<, f.le<t>l ~fdilt< 15 Q ~,- BD ~


l!UI~ 'l'll ~I ~ AC ~ lw! 10 ~<liT
~ 00 lf'l1 ~' 0'1 ~rlH"hfl~< l\ W"llf%ct I.TRl
'lil Wd <lit f.l t( I

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---- -- ---- - -------

(c) Write down the expreifs ions for


Bose-Ei nstein and Fermi-D irac distri-
bution funCtion s, and show how
Fehni-D irac distribu tion leads to the
explana tion of Pauli's 'exclusi on
principl e.

(d) Find out the total electric potentia l


energy of a single spherica l object of
uniform charge density p, total charge Q
and radius R.

(e) A long solenoid l!a"! 220 turns/ em; its


diamete r is 32 em. Inside the solenoid
at its centre, we place a 130-_turn close-
packed coil of diamete r 2 i. cm"aiong its
axjs. The current in the f!Olenoid is
increase d from zero to 15 ampere s at a
steady rate over a p'eriod of 016 second.
What is the magnitu de of the induced
e.m.f. that appears in the. central coil
when the current in the solenoid is
being changed ?

(f) Conside r Maxwel l;s equatio n in


differen tial form in media. For j = p = 0,
assume .E =E 0 eat and I! ;=1! 0 eat and
show that the relevant wave equatio n
for a. plane wave propaga ting along
xodirect ion is
iJ~ E iJ 2 D iJD
-=!!- +!!C X-
iJx2 iJt 2 ilt
...
where E = Ey and H = HZ.
...
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(Tf) ..00-:>il~~~ mlT '1i'ff-~ -.k;r ~ ~ <><i"'ihl )
'li't Rifu!l!Jom ~ Rlill~<!> f<li '1i'ff-ffi<n -.k;r ~
q13<.'ft ~ "'~>ifqj fu'l::l"<< <'liT ~i!l&;(Of q;(([j ~I

('1) f<r;{ft ~ i'lctl'! ~<lit~~ f<Mq ~


-mo <h\fotq;, fot<i<h\ <l;<t;<14H ~ ~ p, ~
~Qmn~R~I

(s) 11;'6 w:<fi qf\~IRi&;l 1\ 220 '<riu/ em t ~


01!ffi 32 em ~I. q~lfc.i&;l. il; >fuR ~ 1\
130 WJ ~ OR: <imT ~. fot<l&;l 01!ffi
21 em ~. ~ 3lP;l <lit furl 1\ \1lft ~ ~I
qf\~!Fci&;i"i\ mu 016 ir<i; s 1\ 11p1 it 15 ~fiil'1<
(!"<!; ~ <lit ~ ~ 1
tffi:-tffi: '""q
It~ ifci&;i 1\ mu
qjtqlif~ it m
~, 0"1 if>st\11 ~ -q m
~o 'l!,llo v;q;o (e.m .f.) 'liT qf\4101 <I'll~?

('i:i) '41Um .q" ~<ruil<'l <ii!l4>(01 ~ 3lil4>Eftl1 ~ 'Y(

t:<!R ~I j =p =0 ~ ~ 'I!R ctlfolq;,


E = i:oe"t mu 11'= lloe" t, 0"1 <;~~~~ f<l; 11;'6
<14d<.'1 <WT <lit, "'1'i x-furl 1\ <inltd it uft ~.
d({<"fl'<ltft <WJ \iqj&;{Oi ~

il 2 E il 2 D ilD
-=!1-+ !1U-
()x2 2 ot ot
.-+ -+ ~
~ E =Ey mll' H = HZ fi I

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6. "(a) An electrica l 'circuit consists of' a
resistan ce R, inducta nce L and
f:apacit ance C. in series. J~ a charge is
put on the capacito r at some instant,
determi ne the conditio n that Vc, the
voltage across the capacito r, 1s
subsequ ently oscillato ry. Derive an
express ion for the quality factor Q of the
circuit by cpnside rihg the .decay of the
oscillati on, using the result that the
amplitu de falls by a factor of e in (~)
period. 20
{b)' A resistor R(~ 6 2 Mn) and' a capacito r
C(= 2 4 !LF) are connect ed' in series and
a 12 V battery of negligibl_e internal
resistan ce is connect ed across their
' r

combinatio11.,
(i) What is the caP,acithre time
constan t of this circui,t?
(ii) At what time, after the battery is
connect ed, does the potentia l
differen ce across the capacito r
become S'6 v? 5+5=10
(c) Determ ine the t()rql,le .experie nced by an
electric dipole of momen t p if placed in
' ....
an electric field E in .. nonalig ned state.
Also show that the interact ion energy of
two dipoles of 'mome11ts. and 2Pi p
separat ed by a displace ment is r
U= 1 1 [... ... ... A)(... A)]
3'
4 !tEo r
Pi P2 - 3(PJ r P2 r
assumin g the express ion for field due to
a dipole. 20
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- ~ qfl:~l!l. '!\ ~ 'l!fuUtl R, ~(q>l L :;r<iT
l% .

~ c .~flSf>q il ~ l ~- M 1<1"1 ~ 'R


~"wrnT t
0<1 ~ ~ 'W<I <fij~q: f<l;
<il<'ldl Vc, ;;i't <imful 'R 3ll<)fQa it<ft t a:i<! il
<:'ie;fl it<ft .~ 1 G'twl .~ a:N 'Iii i<rR il ~ ~
~ ~ T'liT q;](<l; Q ~ full> l% o4"1qi OWJil
<fij~q:, ~ qfl:ouq "" .~ ~ ~ f.!; 3Wlllll%
~ e <'l'n (Q) 31<litl il fTn: "'11<!1 ~I
n 20

(~) l% ~ R(=62,MQ) <1m l% ~


.C(= 2 4 f.1F) ~uflSf>G it ~ ~. ~ 12 V '<ti1
~. ~{iqil ~iafl:q> ~ ~ ~ eil'l"l~ ~ t
JM 'R ~ -;;mfi ~ I
(i) ~ ~"" ~ qil<1iqi ii'IT ~?
(ii) ~ ~ ~ q~i'41<!_ ~it;
illi<R wm
fim'R~s6Vit<rr~? 5+5=10

-+ . '
(7!) ~ l% ~ ~ E, ;;i't 3l6't&l<! t lll% ~
~ ~eq;1 ~ ~ WI 1J<iT ~' 0<1 ~ IDUp
~ illi'IT 1J<iT <1<11 '{'! 'WO <f>1Piq: I ~ ~ <:~ 1~1!>
f<l; it ~, ~ 3ll'{'f 'Pi nm !>2 ~ 1!?i ;;IT
f<l~uq~ '1 'IDU f<l ciffla t -it ~'41i<!fsl;iu '3iO!f ~
" 1 1. -+ -+ -+ .. -+ ....
U= [Pi p 2 -3(pi r)(p 2 r)]
41tE6 r 3

~- "llRil ~. ~ ~ "" o4"1qi l% .~ ~


<m"' ~I 20

C-DTN-~ZA/25 15 [ P.T.O,

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(d) The electric potential of a grounded
conducting sphere 6f radius a m a
uniform electric field is given as

cfl(r, e)= -E 0 +-(;rcoseJ


Find the surface charge distribution. 10

7. (a) Consider a plane 'wave travelling aJong


the positive y-direction incident upon a
glass of refractive index n =1.6. Find
the transmission, coefficient. 25

(b) Justify whjcj:l of the four Maxwell's


equations imply that there are no
magnetic monopoles. How these
equations would have been written if
they were? 15

(c) In deiiving the .Rayleigh-Jeans law, we


count. the number of modes dn
.corresponding to a. wave number k for a
photon gas in a cubicai box. Consider
a cqbical container of volume V
containing such gas in equilibrium.
Calculate the differential number of
allowable normal modes of frequency w. 20

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.(t~) .~~"H ~ eJ:f il ~ 'leqfto '<ll<'l<t> ~.:<Ill,
f.l~<t>l 31do>m! at ~ fu:rcl ~
qJ(r, a)= -E 0 +-(;r cos a]
~ '[II ~ oir.nrro <hlf.il{ 1 10

7. (if>) ~ q;i<f "R, f.l~<t>l 3'Jq<ltRiif> n = 1 6 t ~


~'loi?l oirr tHc'lif> y-furr il 3li1R ;f;fi i1
. 25

(19) .oflf<'li<l 'ldl~l{ f<\; "ffi: ~iffi~i?l ~lflif>(U(l ij -a


<I>T.i -B\ <wf<fl ~ f<i; ~ ''!<hl~ l{if>\!"il m ~I
~ it ma, <it ~<flif>(On <!iT f<lffi - .q ~ '1'<!
mar? 15

(Tf) 'ta-;;!Rr fWl <!iT i5(!{'1\l ~ "@Ill ~ EHic'lif>


"'<ffi ij .~ 'l>l2H ~ it; oirr ~ k it; o~j(<iq
"Ills~ dn <liT TfUR1 ~~I~ Hc'lif> 'lis
<liT <t><"l~ 1 <hlf.il{, f.l~<t>l 3WH v ~ om ftrnit
~ ~ ~1'41<H'41 ij ~I ~ ;filffi "Ills, f.l~<hl
wt 'if>! ~ 3li!; Wd <hlf.il{ I 20

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8. (a}" Wha t led van der Waal s tO moai fy the
ideal gas equa tion? Usin g the conc epts
of critic al temp eratu re Tc, press ure Pc
and volum e Vc, show ,that the critic al
cons tant for a h'!al gas is 8/3. 5+15 =20

(b) Find out the expre ssion s for


van der Waal s cons tants a and b. 20

(c) Calcu late the value s of van der Waal s


cons tants a aiid b for oxyg en with
Tc =154 2 K, Pc =49 ' 7 atmo sphe re and
R = 80 em 3 atmo sphe re/K. 20

' '

C-DT N-fM 2ZA/ 25 f8

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- - --- -"<'- ..._,____,_.,_ I I ..... I '

8,, ('!\) f'R1 'liR"T qiO:S(iHRI 'ifi't ~ fro Bifl'f>(OI q;r


mil~ "ifiBI ~? SI>IRi'f> (11'1 Tc' 01'! PC wn
~ Vc it ~1f><"1 'IIW q;r 34<!1 1'if>ti\ ~ f<l@~t!;
N; qltfliif>fm q;r Sl>iRI'f>~ 8/3%1
5+15=20

(<9) ql'miRt it ~ awn bit iW< a:ior'f> >mr


<Ji1 f;j !!; I 20

.('1) 3lT<ffilciH it iW<, f;jldif>l Tc = 154 2 K,


Pc = 49 7 Q;i!GIM<R = R = 80 em 3
Q;i!GIM<R/K %, ql-s(qiR! ~ a o~ b it
liR ma <li1 f;j v: r 2o

***

C-DTN-l.r -QZA/25 19 SJ-900

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C-DTN-L-QZA

~-~-1

JTf'ilq; "SIR fR/ :4;( 3i#t .r.if if WiT ~I


w.if ~ 30< :mt ~ if ffr& '>lf.t "''~~' MMI ~
Jmif; JTW-"" if fimr Tf'IT ~' :4;( -.rr ~ q;r <"TT!
~ 30<-3fd'"' ~ :f'f-'P! rrr m F<lR rrramn
fimr '>fRT "''~~~ :!TW-w rrr 3f&d ~ ~
"'filfht> 3PT ~ ~ if ffr& 'I!; 30< 'R <ill 3fq,
#f ffrffill
"SIR "fi&rT 1 31k 5 3/R<"W[ ~I <i7<'lit w.if if <f JTf'ilq;
~ it 'filt-tf -'filt ~ "SIR :'j'lqj( ~ 'i'fk w.if ~
30<~1
JTf'ilq; "SIR ~ ifTr; Wrrr 3i<n "SIR ~ afrr if W; 'I!; ~I
"llfif :>JJ<'I'IIl,., it, riT 34!Jffi ~ onr "ffl'' 4ii!OI~ nwr
~m<liiR~~1
~/WEd JN/fld a12if if Jl!lm ~' 3PT'<Tf m ~I

Note : English version of the Instructions is


printed on the front cover of this
question paper.

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Sl.N o. D
PHY SICS

Pap er-II
I
Time Allowed : Three Hour s I I Maxi mum Mark s : 300 I
INST RUC TION S

Each quest ion is print ed both in Hind i and


in English.
-Answ ers must be writt en in the medi um
speci fied in the .Admis~ion Certificate issue d
io you, whic h must be stat,ed clearly on the
cover of the answ er-bo ok in the spac e
provi ded for the. purpo se. No mark s will be
given for the answ ers writt en in a medi um
other than that speci fied in the Admi ssion
Certificate.
Cand idate s shou ld attem pt. Ques tion Nos. 1
.and 5 whic h are compulsory, and any three
of the rema ining quest ions selec ting at least
pne quest ion fro!Jl each Section.
The numb er of mark s carried by each
ques tion is indic ated at the end of the
question.
Symb ols/ Nota tions carry usua l mean ings.
Assu me suita ble data if consi dered
nece ssary and indic ate the same clearly.
Some cons tants are given at the end of
quest ions.

Vffi ~ : 3l:J;~~fj 'liT J%;<ft l."ql'<j{ ~ w.l-'<'1 if;~~ 'R


W!T~I

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Sectio n-A

1. (a) Calcul ate th<'; wavele ngth of de Broglie


waves associ ated with electro ns
accele rated throgg h a potent ial
differe nce of 200 V. 10
(b) Norma lize the wave functio n
ljl(x) = e-lxl sin ax
10

(c) Let a be the vector operat or with .


compo nents equal to the Pauli spin
. ~ ~
matnc es cr x cry' and cr z. lCa and b are
the vectors ' in 3-dime nsiona l space,
prolle the identit y
~ --). ~ ~ .,. --)- _., -)o -i-
(cra) (crb) =ab+ icr(a xb) 10

(d) Discus s the fine structu re of hydrog en


atom spectr um. Draw the compo und
double t spectr um arising as a result of
transit ions betwee n 2 P and 2 D levels. 10

(e) What do you mean by 'term symbo ls'?


Obtain term symbo ls for the following
sets .. of values of S and L : 10
(i) S = ~ L =2
(ii) S=1, L =1
(iii) S=:J.
2' L=1
.

.(f) Estima te the size of the' hydrog en atom


and the ground -state energy from the
uncert ainty princip le. .1 0

C-DTN -L-QZ B/26 2

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------

1. ('h) 200 V ~ il; &m i'1lful <'l<f?T-11 <li\ <W11{l


t\ ~ cWIT ij; d(>lih>f 'fiT qft'fii''H <fi1~<;1 10

<WI 'j;<'R l!f(X) ~ e-JxJ sin ax q;r "'~ldmlll141D~ful'h"'(TITUI

oh1~<;1 10

(Tf) ~ f<l; a
~ 'ii'f'l('h i, ~eih q13i"il ~"Sii?l
3ll"'i_~l cr X> cry 3i'R Gz il; 'ffi'R mq; ~I <!R a
--> .
3i'R b 151 M ~ 3loft~ i! "ldfuT m, m f.! '""~ R~ ful d
eJefil'hl (3li.~R:i1) 'lit e1f<1d oh1~<; : 10
--+ -7 --+ --+ --+ --+ --+ --+ -+
(cr.a)!crb)~ab+icr(axb)

(<!) 61.4\01~ q(41'!! ,qif?4 <j;) ~a."! >d( ... ~l 'R '<1"1f
<fi1~<; 1 2 p 3i'\1: 2D ffi il; ofR! 'iiSii4il il;
qftu1141<"q T<'m ~ itf; ,qif?4 <li\ <"<il:G I
ft<m &;1~<;1 10

(s) 3Tfl1 'vf ffi<~ <'*!' it <l'lT :wf ~ 'hf<l ~? s 3i'R


L il> '4R\ il; f.!"'' Ri ful d itii il; ~ vf ~ mll
oh1~<; : 10

(i) S~ b, L~2
(iiJ s~1, L~1

(iii) S ~ ~' L.~ 1

('f) 3lf.'l~ddl fB;;;:HlB 61.4\"1~ q(41'!! il; 3ll'hl( 3i'R


f.!"'' d4 3l<W'lT ~ 'fiT ~ l<fi<iH <fi1 ~<;I 10

C-DTN-L-QZ B/26 3 [ P.T.O.

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-- ---~---------~~~--~~

2. (a) Solve the Schro dinge r equat ion for a


partic le of mass m in an infini te
rectan gular well define d by the poten tial
V(x) = 0 , osxs L
= 00' x<O, x>L

Obtai n the norma lized eigen functi ons
and the corres pondi ng eigenv alues. 25
(b) Calcu late (ll.x) 2 , where 1\.x = x-(x) . 15
fc) The norma lized wave functi on for the
electr on "in the groun d state of the
hydro gen atom is given by
IJI(r) = - 1 , e(-r/ao l
(nag) v,

where a 0 is the radius of the first Bohr


orbit. Calcu late (r) and m. 20

2
3. (a) Show that S 1 , 2 P 1 and 2 P3 levels of
2 2 2
sodiu m spect rum are split in the ratio
of 3 : 1 : 2 due to anom alous Zeem an
effect. 30
(b) On the basis of three princi pal. mome nts
of inerti a I A, I 8 and Ic each about X, Y
and Z axes respec tively , how can you
classi fy molec ules? 30
.
4. (a) (i) Treati ng a diatom ic riwlec ule as a
simpl e harmo nic oscill ator, obtain
its vibrat ional, energ y ,levels. 20

C-DT N-L-Q ZB/26 4.

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2. (<ii) f.i"" ffl ful il fon:rq
V(x) ~ 0 , 0' 5, x 5, L
=oo, x<O, X>L

it IDU ~. 3Fio 311~ill'hl( ~ -q S::"'l~H m


it ll;'h 'fiUT it full; ~. tllflifi(UI W <h)~<; I
~(11~ lo4ltii ~ ~ 31"R Wm ~ l!f.iT 'liT
>TTl! <h1 ~<!>I 25

(Tf) ~I ;;1) ''H q(~ I~ <liT R"1 il ~ 31iW!T -q ;;Ol <'f?;T'1 it


ful!. ~ \11 4 Io4ltii <Wf 'li<'l'l R"1 ffl ful il IDU <:r! ~ :

ljl(r) ~ 1 , el-rfao)
(na5) y,

'JfOi a 0 >r2lli ~ <ii~ <liT~ ~I (r) 3fR m


'liT qf1:ifi<:1'1 <h)~'< I 20

3. (<ii) c;~1f;;dit <ilfu~~ +'li.!$;~ it 2 s,, 2 P, 31"R 2p


3
2 2 2
31WJo >ftq H >I'JT'l it
R, omuT, 3 : 1 : 2 it
~ -q f<i>rm it ;;ffi\ i I 30

(<9) X, Y 3fR Z :mj\ it ~ "in'm: I A, I B 3fR Ic


<IR "TS'I ~ -~ it 3TIQR 'R 31]q ~31'\ 'liT
f'i:;B >l<iiT( q>ffifi(UI <ii( ~ i? 30

4. (<ii) (i) fuq(~I'Tf' ~'liT ll;'h %'! 3TIC!<ff ~ it


~ ~ '"''R"il SU: ;mit 'hlllR'h ~ m 'liT
>TTl! ifi1 ~ <!; I 20

C-DTN-L-QZB/26 5 [ P.T.O.

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(ii) The obser ved vibra tiona l frequ ency... :
of the CO mole cule 1s
13
6. 42 x 1'0 Hz. Wha t is the effect ive
force cons tant of this mole cule?
(Mas s of carbo n atom = 12 u and
mass of oxyg en atom = 1'6 u, wher e
U'is atom ic mass unit) 10
(b) (i) Disc uss pure rotat ional spec tra of
linea r molec L!les, 25
(ii) Wha t is Lamb shift? 5

Sect ion- B
5, (a) Show that nucle us IS a quan tum
syste m. 10
(b) Deriv e Brag g diffra ction . cond ition in
vecto rial form usmg incid ent and
diffra cted wave vecto rs and recip rocal
lattic e vecto r. 10
(c) Find the total kinet ic energ y o[ elect ron
and antie lectr on neutr ino emitt ed in
beta deca y of free 'neut ron.
(The neutr on-p roton mass differ ence 1s
l30 MeV and mass of elect ron 1s
051 MeV) 10
(d) An elect ron beam of 4keV is diffra cted
throu gh a Brag g angle of 16 for the first
maxi ma. If. the energ y ds incre ased to -
16 keV, .find .the corre spon ding Brag g
angle for diffra ction . 10

C-DT N-Jr. QZB /26 6

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fiiJ co ~ <1 ~-
.m!\R!
6 42 x 1013 Hz i I ~ ~ 'it;T i!'IIT<'ft "!<'!
f.:t ~ d i'li '!'IT i?
(~ q(~l~ <nr l(Oil~H 12 u 3ft>: 31TffiloH
q(~l~ <nT l(Oil~H 16 u i, ;;n;i u q(~lfO<I'h
S::Oil ~ H '!f.R; i) 10

(<9) fiJ 'tfu!'h ~m ili w;: ~ >A<tS<m '11: -.:rqf


<h) Fl1 l!J 25

10

(<9) 311qfu<l 3ft>: filctfd<l cWT t1fu~n 3ft>: o~);<>bill "ll<:'l'li


('ifu~n <nr ~~1<:1 ~ ~ "t1fuT""' it~ filctcl~
m (~tl) ~>~ ih1Fl1l( 1 1o

(1J) -~ ~ ili <1m 1\W it -~C't1flfo 'IMifS<T~ 3ft>: >rftr-


'IM<.t?k~ <I 'f.~~ q;J ~ <h1Fl1t;l
(~-mir.l S::Oil~H 3RR 130 MeV i 3ft>:
'IM'l{T~ <nr S::Oil~H 051 MeV i) 10

(>!) 4 keV '<fr 1% 'l<'i<i{T~ fih(ol~"!; ~ 3Ri!a ili


~ w ili ~ <itu! it ~ wctfdo m-crr i 1~ ~
q;] Oli9T 'li1: 1 6 ke V 'li1: .WIT "'Tll;, <it 14 ct ~ ili
~ Wm ~ <ituT ~ oh1Fl1t;l 10

C-DTN-l.r-QZB/26 7 [ P.T.O.

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(e) Exp lain cons erva tion of bary on num ber .
.ComiT)ent on stab ility pf prot on. 10
(f) Sim plify the logic al expr essi on
AB+ AB +AB C
usin g a Kar nau gh map . 10

6. (a} (i) Wha t is the imp orta nce of stud y of


deu tero n? Obt ain the solu tion of
Schr iidin ger equa tion for grou nd
stat e of deu tero n and show that
deu tero n is a loos ely bou nd syst em. 25
(ii) Wha t do you mea n by 'non -cen tral
forc es'? 5
(b) (i) Wha t are chai n reac tion s? Wha t do
you mea n by criti cal size of the core
m whi ch chai n reac tion take s
plac e? Wha t is criti cal mas s? 20
(ii) 235
U yiel ds two frag men ts of A = 95
and A = 140. Obt ain the ener gy
dist ribu tion of the fissi on prod ucts .
Ass ume that the two frag men ts are
ejec ted with equa l and oppo site
,mo men tum . 10

7. (a} Find an expr essi on for lattic.e spec ific


hea t of solid s, and its low and high
tem pera ture limi ts. Wha t is Deb ye
tem pera ture ? 20

C-D TN- L-Q ZB/ 26 8

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(sl ~3#! -oo:rr '!!; ma:fUT 'li\. ~ <h1 ~ <; 1mm .'II;
~ 'R Rll1UA <h)~<; I 10

(~) ifil('ll'l> .llHf'1~ 'fir ~fd':ll<"'. ~ St; f.\IOi~fulct


ct<hB'Id &i"''h "fiT 'd(C'i1ifi(OI <h)~<; : 10

6. ('li) (i) '~d'l '!!; 31t>m "fiT ''I'll ~ i? ~(T'I


<Iii Hl"ictll 31<WlT ii> fWl: >Jij~ll( ld'"llifi(OI "fiT
~ mH <hl~t; 3i'f\ <:~IT~<; f'f; ~d'l ''<'~'
<fu't ~ it '<r.& <f=f mar i 1 25
(ii) '31ii>stl'l 'f<"''\' it 3l1'1 'I'll 31~ f.i'hl<"'~ ~? 5

(13) (i) 'lj<ll<"'l ~'I'll it<ft ~? 'i!ITi i iiliiRw


4Rill"l it,~>ail; >II<R, 'lj<ll<"'l ~ 1il<ft
t 3l1'1 'I'll ~ H if> I<"' ~ ~? iili i Rt if> ;;:o<l q H it
'I'IT~i? 20

(ii) 235
u it A= 95 31'\>; A=140 ii> it "cis
~ ~ 1 f'icis'l 3<"11JI '!!; ~ f'i<1\"l 'li\
mH <hl~t;l ~ .~q i\'l!R ~l~t; f<t iRt
"cis w:r 31'\>; iii q ~ ct ~ '!!; WI< ' H &"fi IfB ct
iri\~1 10

7. ( q;) . itm <fu fil ~ 12 ~. '!!; fWl; '<'!' 01j"' if>, 31'\>;
"'I <"' 'h
~ fu:;r 31'\>; ~ (!)'f W!r* 'li\ ~ <h)~<; I
~ m 'I'll mar i? 20

C-DTN-L-QZB/26 9 [' P.T.O.

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(b) Explain 'the ongm of energy band
formation in solids. Show that,in nearly
free electron approximation, the energy
band gap is 2IVa I, where Va is Fourier
transform of periodic potential seen by
the valence electrons. 20

(c) Describe the characteristic properties


of a superconductor. Derive London
equation for a superconductor and
hence explain Meissner effect. 20

8. (a) Distinguish 'between intrinsic and


extrinsic semiconductors. Show that
m a semiconductor, the product of
concentrations of the two types of
charge carriers 1s constant at a given
temperature. 30

(b) Simplify the logical expression


(A +B) El (A+ C)
and draw the logical circuit to
implement it. 15

(c) Draw the commoncbase amplifier


circuit; using an n-p-n transistor and
briefly discuss its working. 15

C-DTN~L--QZB/26 10

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(W) iffiT it.. -=f ~~'hi RI(''H ~~'fiT <'IT! <hl~t<l
o~1h;t< .f<!o WT'1'T ~ ;;8<"l{T~ \1f,1ific;1 it, -=f
q~ifil 31'<1(1<.1 2,jVG I m-m..~.
~ VG <i4'1"1'hi11
;;8<"l{Toi1'it mu ~ 1J'lT ~ fcMq 'liT ~
41'<1( i I 20
('1) 31RHI<.1'h if; ~1JfUr'h :r'ltl'il 'liT quf.! <j;)f\1!{1
31fil"ll<.1'h if; <'i&f <lliiifi(OI 'fiT i1i<l~ ehl~t< 31'\1:
~ ~1;;<1'1( m <1~$11;;'<1 20

8. ("'h) ~ 31'\1: i;W 31'<N 1<.1 ihI if; ~ fo!%1 <1>1 ~ '< I
qlf;;t<'f<li 31>f"ll<.1ifi, lT ~ <'H~ihl if; <i't .J!'Ii1Uif;
n
\1 H;o 'liT T' H 'h<.1 ,"" 01'! 'l1: "'q ft<'Fff mm i I 30
(<i!) o<'h<i111 O<i"l'h

(A +B):S (/l +C)


'liT <J(fl\ifi(OI <'hi~l{ 3i'!J: ~. 9i'll"'''l' 1 if; ~
(1ffi<i>l(1 ~ '!il{@Rl~ <HI;;l{l 15

('1) n-p'n ?if\\lR( *r ;;til~ I<'! "'h({i S'< <Joff.ig imm:


~ ~ '!i11:<91Rl~ <H;;l{ 31'\1: B~ it~
'hl>i'"l 'R ~ <hl~t< I 15

C-DTN -L-QZ B/26 11 [ P.T.O.

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Constants which may be needed

Velocity of light in vacuum (c)= 3xto8 ms- 1


Mass of electron ("'e)= 9. 11 X w- 31 kg
Charge of electron (e) = 1 602 X 1o- 19 c
Specific charge of electron(,;:,)= 1 76 x td 1 C kg- 1

1u =1 a.m. u. = 1 6605 X w- 27 kg = 931 5 MeV


Rest mass energy of electron (11lec2 ) = 05110 MeV
Permittivity in free space (Eo)=
8 8542 X to- 12 c 2 N- 1 m"2
Permeability of free space'(/lo) = 47t xlo- 7 N A-2
Gas constant (R) = 8 314'J mol-l K- 1
Boltzmann con~tant (ks) = 1 38lxlo- 23 .J K- 1
Planck constant (h)= 6 626 X 10-34 J s
(hJ = t 0546 x 1o-34 J s
Bohr magnetori {11 s'i = 9 274 x 1o-24 J T~ 1
Nuclear magneton {11 N) = 5 051 x 1o- 27 J T-l
Fine structure constant (a)= 1 f 137 03599
1

Mass of proton (mpJ.= 1 0072766 u = 1 6726 X w-2 7 kg


Mass of neutron (ril,) = 1 0086652 u
=16749xto- 27 kg
Mass of deuteron ("'rJ) = 2 013553u
Mass of a-particle (171a) = 4 001506u
Mass of 1 ~C = 12 OOOOOOu
Mass of 1 ~0 =15994915u
Mass of ~~Sr = 86 99999 u
Mass of ~He = 4:002603 u

C-DTN-L-QZB/26 12

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mfuil>r<m~q;riM (c)= 3x!08 ms- 1
*8if?i'l q;r M4H (m,) = 9 II x I o-3 ! kg

*8if?i'l q;r amm (e) = I 602 xI o-!9 C


*<'lif?i'l q;r ~~ (:J = J. 76x 1d 1 C kg- 1

I u " I a.m.u. = I 6605 x 10- 27 kg = 931 5 MeV


*<'lif?i'l <liT Pl\141<l>iT l<"l413 "3>'ill (m,c2 ) = Q5!10 MeV
:!"'" anq;m ij Pl~j<V~i'ldl (Eo)= 8 8542 x I0- 12 c2 N-1 m-2

:!"'" anq;m <1:\ qi(>IRHU (Ito)= 47t x10- 7 N A-2

fm~ (R)=83 14J mol-l K- 1

lc<::>ll~'l ffil<i'h (ks) = 1 381 x 1 o-23 JK~ 1


~~(h)= 6 626x!Oc 34 J s
(h)= 1 0546xJ0 -34 J s
oi\o1: ~~<i'l (Its)= 9 274xl0- 24 J T- 1
~ ~~<i'l. (It N j = 5 b51 x Jo- 27 J r 1
'!_~'!~~(a)= 1/137 03599

Jitl:i;, q;r ""'""' (mp) = 1 0072766 u = 1 6726. x 1 o- 27 kg


"@'! q;r M4H (m, I = I 0086652 U

=16749 x1o- 27 kg
s%<i'l q;r ""'"'"("' d)= 2 013553 u
a-"'hUT q;r l<"l4H ("'a)= 4 001506u
1
~c q;r ""'""' = 12 oooooo u
1
go q;r ""'""' = 15 994915 u
~~Sr q;r M4H = 86 99999 u

~He q;r l<"l4H =4 002603u

***
C-DTN-~QZB/26 13 SJ-900

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C-DTN-L-QZB

~-14:f-II

1 "!:?rl<t> , 300 1

>rr% Jf.R "W<f/ Jfr< Ji#t <iRf if <JW ~I


JTRf if; 3trr :Jift 1fTVJ'r if iff& orR '<life~, MMI ~
Jl7qij; Jfcm- 'T:T if !'iPrr TJllf ~' ~ w 1fTVJ'r 'f;T FIT!
~ 3trr-~ if; ~~'[II 'R . J#if;n ~ <'2/H 'R
/'iPrr ~ '<life~ I Jicm-'T:T 'R 3@/&g 1fTVJ'r if;
31Rtfhn 3Pl .fif;W 1fTVJ'r if iff& >n; 3trr w <it{ 3Ni
;rtf firM I
Jf.R ffislrr 1 di< 5 3/f.iwf g1 '11'(i; JrR1 if it JiriFF;
~ it Cfi!l-it-q;q ~ Jf.R g'lii>( f<l;;tf tR w.if ij,
3trr c!IM~ 1

>rr% Jf.R if; ~ Wra JNi Jf.R if; aTrr if ~ >n; gI


Jrrftq;j<ii!idii}R: if; W4Hi arW gI

<iR 3/lct~'l'ii if, rii J4~m ~ ct>1 <w.r /A~ a>n


:FfC/;} ~ /A~ 1 ~ ~ m if; arrr if oil ~
>n; gI

Note : English verswn of the Instructions is


printed on the front cover of this
question paper.

www.examrace.com