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# Sliding

Bearings
Lecture Notes
Prepared by H. Orhan
YILDIRAN

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Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## LECTURE NOTES- MECE 304 Mechanical

Machine Elements
Chapter 7- (a) Sliding Bearings
(Notes from: Chapter 12, Budynas R.G., Nisbett
J.K., Shigleys Mechanical Engineering Design,
Mc Graw Hill, 8th Edition and special notes)

## Halil Orhan YILDIRAN, MS

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Sliding bearing identifies a bearing in which a movable component,

generally a shaft, a shaft extension or a guide rail, slides on top of the
surface - the slide - of a stationary bushing, a bearing seat or a
sliding strip. Sliding bearings are to support or to guide the parts
movably opposed to each other as well as to absorb and transfer the
occurring forces.

## Depending on the choises of the bearing lubrication may be required

for the application. Any process by which the friction in a moving
contact is reduced may be described as lubrication. Traditionally this
description has presented no problems. Friction reduction was
obtained by introducing a solid (graphite, soap) or liquid material,
called a lubricant.
The most important single property of a liquid lubricant is its viscosity.

## 12-1 Types of lubrication

1-Hydrodynamic
2- Hydrostatic
3-Elastohydrodynamic
4-Boundary
5-Solid film 3
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-2 Viscosity

## From the below figure

=F/A= du/dy 12-1
For Newtonian fluids rate of shear (du/dy) is constant and
=F/A= U/h 12-2
Where
= absolute (dynamic) viscosity (Pa.sec)
U= velocity
h=lubricant film thickness

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## W=force on bearing (N)

P=pressure (Pa)
f=coefficient of friction
N=speed (rev/sec) 5
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

Sommerfeld Number

## Where r/c is called is called radial clearance ratio. From Eq 12-6

and 12-7 we obtain an interesting relation below;

P=pressure (Pa)
f=coefficient of friction
N=speed (rev/sec)
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig12-4 f vs mN/P. Points rigth of line BA are

stable lubrication
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## 12-5 Thick film lubrication

Fig 12-6 Nomenclature of a
Fig 12-5 Formation of a film partial journal bearing

## h0 is minimum film thickness,

e is eccentricity,
is the angular length of
partial bearing
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## 12-6 Design Considerations

The given or under control of designer variables:
*Viscosity
*the load per unit of projected bearing area P
*The speed N
*the bearing dimensions r, c, beta and L

## Indirectly controlled variables

*coefficient of friction f
*the temperature rise T
*the volume flow rate of oil Q
*The minimum film thickness ho

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-13Viscosity temperature chart

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-15 Polar diagram of the film-pressure distribution showing

notation used

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## The relation of variables

Fig 12-16 Chart for minimum film thickness variable and eccentricity
ratio. The left boundary of the zone defines the optimal h0 for min.
friction, the rigth boundary is optimum h0 for load.
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-17 Chart for determinin the position of minimum film

thickness h0

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-18 Chart for coefficient of friction variable

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-19 Chart for flow variable

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## The relation of variables

Fig 12-20 Chart for determining the ratio of side flow to total flow

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## The relation of variables

Fig 12-21 Chart for determining the max. film pressure. The
locations where the terminating and max. Pressure occur as
per fig 12-15 are determined from fig 12-22
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig 12-22 Chart for determining the terminating position of

the lubricant film and the position of max. pressure

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-10 Clearance

## Fig 12-25 A plot of some performance characteristics of the

bearing of Exs. 12- 1 to 12-4 for radial clearances of 0.0127
to 0.0762 mm
Note: Wear increases the clearance
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

Table 12-5
Range of unit
use for sleeve
bearings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

bushings

## Fig 12-33 Two

piece bushings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

## Fig. 12-34 Developed views of typical groove patterns

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

DU Bearings
These bearing are covered with PTFE and maintenance free.

## Some internet addresses for bearings:

http://glt-gleitlagertechnik.de/english/sliding_bearings
http://www.ina.de
http://www.devran.com.tr

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

## Notes on the usage of DU bearings.

*Check conditions of application
*Check housing and shaft sizes
*Use proper assembly tools
*These bearing are used as assembled. No machined operation is
allowed on the friction faces.

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