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Sliding

Bearings
Lecture Notes
Prepared by H. Orhan
YILDIRAN

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Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

LECTURE NOTES- MECE 304 Mechanical


Machine Elements
Chapter 7- (a) Sliding Bearings
(Notes from: Chapter 12, Budynas R.G., Nisbett
J.K., Shigleys Mechanical Engineering Design,
Mc Graw Hill, 8th Edition and special notes)

Spring Semester 2007/2008

Halil Orhan YILDIRAN, MS


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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

Sliding bearing identifies a bearing in which a movable component,


generally a shaft, a shaft extension or a guide rail, slides on top of the
surface - the slide - of a stationary bushing, a bearing seat or a
sliding strip. Sliding bearings are to support or to guide the parts
movably opposed to each other as well as to absorb and transfer the
occurring forces.

Depending on the choises of the bearing lubrication may be required


for the application. Any process by which the friction in a moving
contact is reduced may be described as lubrication. Traditionally this
description has presented no problems. Friction reduction was
obtained by introducing a solid (graphite, soap) or liquid material,
called a lubricant.
The most important single property of a liquid lubricant is its viscosity.

12-1 Types of lubrication


1-Hydrodynamic
2- Hydrostatic
3-Elastohydrodynamic
4-Boundary
5-Solid film 3
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-2 Viscosity

From the below figure


=F/A= du/dy 12-1
For Newtonian fluids rate of shear (du/dy) is constant and
=F/A= U/h 12-2
Where
= absolute (dynamic) viscosity (Pa.sec)
U= velocity
h=lubricant film thickness

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-3 Petroffs equation

W=force on bearing (N)


P=pressure (Pa)
f=coefficient of friction
N=speed (rev/sec) 5
MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

Sommerfeld Number

Where r/c is called is called radial clearance ratio. From Eq 12-6


and 12-7 we obtain an interesting relation below;

P=pressure (Pa)
f=coefficient of friction
N=speed (rev/sec)
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-4 Stable lubrication

Fig12-4 f vs mN/P. Points rigth of line BA are


stable lubrication
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-5 Thick film lubrication


Fig 12-6 Nomenclature of a
Fig 12-5 Formation of a film partial journal bearing

h0 is minimum film thickness,


e is eccentricity,
is the angular length of
partial bearing
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-6 Design Considerations


The given or under control of designer variables:
*Viscosity
*the load per unit of projected bearing area P
*The speed N
*the bearing dimensions r, c, beta and L

Indirectly controlled variables


*coefficient of friction f
*the temperature rise T
*the volume flow rate of oil Q
*The minimum film thickness ho

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-7 The relation of variables

Fig 12-13Viscosity temperature chart

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-15 Polar diagram of the film-pressure distribution showing


notation used

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-16 Chart for minimum film thickness variable and eccentricity
ratio. The left boundary of the zone defines the optimal h0 for min.
friction, the rigth boundary is optimum h0 for load.
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-17 Chart for determinin the position of minimum film


thickness h0

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-18 Chart for coefficient of friction variable

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-19 Chart for flow variable

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-20 Chart for determining the ratio of side flow to total flow

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-21 Chart for determining the max. film pressure. The
locations where the terminating and max. Pressure occur as
per fig 12-15 are determined from fig 12-22
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

The relation of variables

Fig 12-22 Chart for determining the terminating position of


the lubricant film and the position of max. pressure

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-10 Clearance

Fig 12-25 A plot of some performance characteristics of the


bearing of Exs. 12- 1 to 12-4 for radial clearances of 0.0127
to 0.0762 mm
Note: Wear increases the clearance
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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-12 Loads and materials

Table 12-5
Range of unit
loads in current
use for sleeve
bearings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

12-13 Bearing Types

Fig 12-32 sleeve


bushings

Fig 12-33 Two


piece bushings

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings

Fig. 12-34 Developed views of typical groove patterns

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

DU Bearings
These bearing are covered with PTFE and maintenance free.

Some internet addresses for bearings:


http://glt-gleitlagertechnik.de/english/sliding_bearings
http://www.ina.de
http://www.devran.com.tr

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

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MECE 304 Mechanical Machine Elements-Sliding Bearings-Supplement

Notes on the usage of DU bearings.


*Check conditions of application
*Check housing and shaft sizes
*Use proper assembly tools
*These bearing are used as assembled. No machined operation is
allowed on the friction faces.

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