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MATH23X EXIT EXAM REVIEW - TRIGONOMETRY

1. What is the solution set of the equation log4 ( x 3) log4 ( x) log4 ( x 1) ?

a) {-1, 3} b) {1, 4} c) {-1} d) {3}

7 x
2. Solve the exponential equation 4 64 exactly for x.

a) 5 b) 4 c) 3 d) 2

3. Determine the angle of the smallest possible positive measure that is coterminal with 800 .

a) 30 b) 80 c) 100 d) 110

4. What is the period of the graph of the equation y 5 cos(4x ) ?

3
a) b) c) d)
4 3 2 4

5. In what quadrant does angle A lies if cos A > 0 and cot A < 0?

a) Quadrant 1 b) Quadrant 2 c) Quadrant 3 d) Quadrant 4

6. Find the length of an arc of a circle with radius 10 meters that subtends a central angle of
30 degrees.

5 5 2
a) m b) m c) m d) m
3 6 3 2

13
7. Find y if (3, y) is on the terminal side of the angle and csc .
2

a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 5

8. What is the exact value of cos A if tan A 3 and sin A< 0?

3 3 1 1
a) b) c) d)
2 2 2 2

sin 2 x
9. Which expression is equivalent to ?
1 cos x
a) 1 - sin x b) 1 + sin x c) 1 cos x d) 1 + cos x

10. Which expression is equivalent to tan x cot x ?

a) sin x cos x b) csc x sec x c) sin x d) cos x

11. Write 3sin x cos(3x) 3cos x sin(3x) as a single sine expression.

a) 3 sin x b) 3 cos x c) 3sin 4x d) 3 cos 4x

12. What is the measure of A in the interval [0,90o] if tan(A 5) cot(3A 25) ?

a) 15 b) 20 c) 25 d) 30

tan 49 tan 23
13. Write as a single trigonometric function.
1 tan 49 tan 23

a) tan 26 b) tan 72 c) tan 24 d) tan 64

14. What is the solution set of the equation tan


2
1 0 exactly on 0 2 ?

3 3 5 3 5 7
a) b) , c) , , d) , , ,
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

15. What is the solution set of the equation sec


2
1 0 exactly on 0 2 ?

a) {0} b) { } c) {0, } d) {0, ,2 }

16. A giant redwood tree casts a shadow 532 ft long. Find the height of the tree if the angle of
elevation of the sun is 25.7

a) 128 ft b) 214 ft c) 256 ft d) 286 ft

17. A 600-ft guy wire is attached to the top of the communications tower. If the guy wire makes
an angle of 65 with the ground, how tall is the communications tower?

a) 420.9 ft b) 543.8 ft c) 630.5 ft d) 698.4 ft

18. Determine the number of solutions of triangle ABC, where angle A= 42 , a = 70 and b =
122.

a) one solution b) two solutions c) no solution d) infinite solution


19. A triangular field has sides of lengths 22, 36, and 44 yd. Find the largest angle.

a) 96 b) 102 c) 116 d) 119

20. Determine side a of triangle ABC in which A = 30 , B = 30 , and c = 12 m.

a) 4 m b) 5m c) 6m d) 7m
7 x
21. Solve the exponential equation 3 81 exactly for x.

b) 5 b) 4 c) 3 d) 2

22. What is the solution set of the equation log 4 (2x 3) log 4 ( x) log 4 ( x 2) ?

b) {1, 3} b) {1, 4} c) {1} d) {3}

23. Determine the angle of the smallest possible positive measure that is coterminal with 1160
.
b) 30 b) 80 c) 100 d) 110

24. In what quadrant does angle A lies if csc A > 0 and sec A < 0?

b) Quadrant 1 b) Quadrant 2 c) Quadrant 3 d) Quadrant 4

25. Find x if (x,2) is on the terminal side of the angle ,where 90 180 and
13
csc .
2

b) -3 b) -2 c) 2 d) 3

26. In a circle with radius 10 centimeters, an arc is intercepted by a central angle with measure
7
. Find the arc length.
4

35 27 2 5
b) cm b) cm c) cm d) cm
2 5 35 27

27. What is the period of the graph of the equation y 3 sin( 4 x 2) ?

3
b) b) c) d)
4 3 2 4
tan 2 x
28. Which expression is equivalent to ?
sec x 1

b) sec x +1 b) sec x - 1 c) 1 tan x d) 1 + tan x

29. Which expression is equivalent to tan x cot x ?

b) sin x cos x b) csc x sec x c) sin x d) cos x


tan 76 tan 12
30. Write as a single trigonometric function.
1 tan 76 tan 12

b) tan 26 b) tan 72 c) tan 24 d) tan 64

31. What is the solution set of the equation cot


2
1 0 exactly on 0 2 ?

3 3 5 3 5 7
b) b) , c) , , d) , , ,
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

32. A boat is 23 miles due west of lighthouse A. Lighthouse B is 14 miles due north of
lighthouse A. Find the bearing of lighthouse B from the boat.

b) 23.7 b) 31.3 c) 43.8 d) 56.9

33. A 600-ft guy wire is attached to the top of the communications tower. If the guy wire makes
an angle of 65 with the ground, how tall is the communications tower?

b) 420.9 ft b) 543.8 ft c) 630.5 ft d) 698.4 ft

34. What is the exact value of sin A if tan A 3 and cos A > 0?

3 3 1 1
b) b) c) d)
2 2 2 2

35. Determine the number of solutions of triangle ABC, where angle B= 39 ,b = 70 and a =
122.

b) one solution b) two solutions c) no solution d) infinite solution

36. A triangular field has sides of lengths 22, 36, and 44 yd. Find the largest angle.

b) 96 b) 102 c) 116 d) 119


37. Determine side a of triangle ABC in which A = 30 , B = 30 , and c = 12 m.

b) 4 m b) 5m c) 6m d) 7m

38. What is the measure of A in the interval [0,90o] if sec( A 5) csc( 2 A 10) ?

b) 15 b) 20 c) 25 d) 30

39. What is the solution set of the equation sec


2
1 0 exactly on 0 2 ?

b) {0} b) {} c) {0, } d) {0, ,2}

40. Write 3 sin x cos(3x) 3 cos x sin( 3x) as a single sine expression.

b) 3 sin x b) 3 cos x c) 3sin 4x d) 3 cos 4x