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# Hydraulic Calculation of Drop Structure Samaple

## Canal Name: Sidokarto Chainage

Structure No. BSk2a Type Inclined Drop

## 2 Calculation of dimension of Drop structure

WLu
Notch to be provided ? Yes/No Nn 2' Calculation of Critical water
Hu H Hc Z Throat shape, Rectangular?, Trapezoidal? Re depth for trapezoidal canal
BLu Width of Opening (B = Bu) 2.50
WLd Discharge per width q = Q/B 1.608
He 3 1 2mh / b Q 2
H Critical water depth hc = 0.64138 c 3
Hd hc
Hd'
BLd
Critical Velocity Vc = 2.507095 1 mhc / b gb2
Critical velocity head hvc = 0.32069
BLb hD Specific Energy H = hc + hvc = 0.96207 hc= 0.54974978
hc'= 0.54975393
Stilling Basin width Bo = 3.25 say 3.25 m hc - hc'= -4.151E-06
Upstream Rec Bo =a *B 3.25 m
Channel Approch Canal Transition a (1.2 in principle)= 1.3
Stilling Basin Downstream Canal
Lt Trape: Bo = B + 2md = 3.90
La Ls Notch heightning c = Hu + hvu -hvc-hc 0 say 0.000 m
Vertical distance y = Z-hc/2-hvc = 0.35862 3 Dimension Check for Inclined Type
Horizontal distance x 1.078407 m Critical slope Ic 0.0037
1 Demension and Hydraulic Conditions Inclination of water fall q (radian) 0.842351 1/Ic 270.38
Design Discharge Q= 4.02 m3/sec Velocity of water V = (2 g Z)^(1/2) 4.427189 m Specific Energy Hb = (H+Z+d) 2.312 m
Required Drop Height Z = 1.00 m Thickness of the water fall dw=q/V 0.36321 m Water depth at End Chute he 0.2833 m
Velocity at end Chute
Upstream Canal Downstream Canal End sill height d 0.32069 say 0.350 m ve= 0.9 x[ 2g*(Hb-he)]^0.5 5.6752 m/s
Static head at the end of stilling basin Hn = 1.32 m ve'= Q/[(B+mhe)he] 5.6752 m/s
Bottom Width Bu = 2.50 Bd = 2.50 Penetration distance S = Hn/Sinq 1.764211 m ve-ve' -6E-06 target 0
Side Slope 1:m m= 2 m= 2.00 V max = 4.427189 m
Water Depth Hu = 0.91374 Hd = 0.91374 Froude Number Fr=ve/[(ghe)^0.5] 3.4058
Water Surface Width Wu = 6.15496 Wd = 6.155 Horizontal distance of water fall L 2.25286 m Conjugate depth hd'
Flow Area Au = 3.954192 Ad = 3.954192 Stilling basin length Ls = 3.0 L 6.758581 say 7.000 m hd'=0.5[(1+8Fr^2)^0.5-1]he x 1.05 1.2304 m
Velocity Vu = 1.016643 Vd = 1.016643
Velocity Head hvu = 0.052733 hvd = 0.052733 Static pressure P =1.0 Bo Hn^2 = 5.632577 Stilling Basin Length Ls =6.17 x hd' 7.5913 m
Energy Head Eu = 0.966473 Ed = 0.966473 M = 1.0 Q Vm/9.8 = 1.816051 say 8.000 m
Wetted Perimeter P = B + 2H(m^2+1)^Pu = 6.58637 Pd = 6.58637 P > 3M ? 0.184424 ok
Hydraulic Radius R = A/P Ru = 0.60036 Rd = 0.60036 4 Stilling Basin Dimensions
Roughness Coefficient n= 0.014286 n= 0.014286 Transition length Lt =4 d 1.400 m 4-1 Length
Roughness Coefficient K K= 70 K= 70 Length of approach canal La 4.207491 say 4.500 m Larger value of required length (vertical or inclind)
Hydraulic Gradient I =[n V/R ^(2/3)]^ Iu = 0.000416 Id = 0.000416 8.000 m
4-2 Transition length 1.400 m

## At Upstream Canal At Drop Crest At Stilling Basin At Downstream Canal

Energy Level ELu = WLu - hi = 100.053 ELc = WLc + hvc = 100.048 ELd = ELu - Z = 99.053
Water Level WLu = ELi - hvi = 100.000 WLc= BLc + hc = 99.728 WLb = BLb + Hn = 99.053 WLd = ELd - hvd 99.000
Floor Level BLu = WLi - Hi= 99.086 BLc = BLu = 99.086 BLb = BLc - Z - d = 97.736 BLd = WLd - hvd = 98.086
Notch Elevation = 99.086