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Feb 6, 2003

Tower Boiler
Selected Plants from the
Reference Boilers List
for Tower Boilers
Plant Year of Fuel Type Number of Electrical Steam Design Temperature
Commissioning Boilers Output Capacity Pressure Live/Reheated
Steam
[MW] [t/h] [bar] [C]

Patnow 2004 Brown Coal 2 460 1,345 290 544/568

Wai Gao Qiao 2003 Bituminous Coal 2 900 (980) 2,789 279 542/568

Niederauem K 2002 Brown Coal 1 1,012 2,662 290 580/600

Florina 2002 Lignite 1 330 1,017 262 543/542

Schwarze Pumpe A/B 1997 Brown Coal 2 800 2,298 285 547/565

Poryong 3 & 4 1993 .. Bituminous Coal 20 500 1,720 265 541/541

Vestkraft Unit 3 1992 Bituminous Coal 1 400 1,080 276 560/560

GKM Mannheim
1982 Bituminous Coal 1 475 1,370 275 530/540/530
Boiler 18

Scholven Unit F 1979 .. Bituminous Coal 4 750 2,200 230 535/535

Emile Huchet 1982 Bituminous Coal 3 600 1,786 199 542/541

Provence 1984 Bituminous Coal 1 600 1,788 199 542/541

Talcher 1993 Bituminous Coal 2 500 1,700 214 540/540

Matimba 1985 Bituminous Coal 6 680 2,016 210 540/540

001 611p
Tower Boilers
l uniform gas flow in the convective heat exchangers

l avoidance of flow unbalances

l smooth steam temperature distributions in the superheaters

l lower wear of pressure part

l heat exchanger fully drainable

l downward opening of heating surfaces, no blockage due to falling ash

l simple design

l clear suspension, simple supporting structure

l free expansion and movement in case of exposure to wind

l no welding of tubes of different heating surfaces


(no temperature differences)
001 040p
Operational Aspects of
Supercritical Tower Boilers

l stand by and restart behaviour excellent due to total drainability of


the heat exchangers

l uniform temperature distribution in the superheaters

l uniform temperature distribution in the water wall in any operation


conditions

l heat flux differences in the furnace equalized by inclined tube


arrangement

l good cycling capabilities due to low thermal inertia


001 366p
Main Advantages
of Tower Boilers
Better Mechanical Homogeneity
To Pa ne ls

C/ L Furna ce

Spira l Wa lls Spira l Wa lls


011 328p
Single Pass Boiler
with Tangential Firing
l All modern supercritical boilers in Europe have Single Pass Design
also those of the competitors

l Single Pass Design is competitive in the once through market


- no considerable differences in weight
- no considerable differences in foundation

l Only 10 m difference in height between Single - and Two Pass Design

l For erection no special cranes are needed


- Available cranes are sufficient

l Construction time for Single Pass Boiler shorter than for Two Pass
- Less number of components

l Significant less maintenance necessary


- which is proven by all studies

001 694p
Waigaoqiao 2 x 900 MW
Erection Time Schedule

Erection Start Hydro Test First Fire


0 23 month 30 month

010 218p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence
0 week 3

Erection of boiler main structure


(columns, beams, bracings)

Simultaneous preassembling of
inner part of supporting grid
inside floor area of main columns

Simultaneous preassembling of
buckstays and header boxes
on ground level within crane
movement zone

010 226p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence

3 week 5

Simultaneous lifting of
preassembled buckstays
and header boxes
and temporarily supporting
on beams at respective
levels

010 227p
Patnow PS 460 MW
Faster Erection Procedure
Patnow PS 460 MW
Faster Erection Procedure
Patnow PS 460 MW
Faster Erection Procedure
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence

5 week 7

Erection of outer part


of supporting grid on top

Mounting of lifting jacks


on supporting grid corners

Mounting of stranded wire


on lifting jacks

and fixing the stranded


wire to the supporting grid

010 228p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence

9 week 18

Erection of boiler enclosure


wall (vertical panels)

Simultaneous lifting of
inner part of supporting grid
with hoisting system
and alternately erection and
lifting of heating surfaces
(economiser, reheater and
superheater)

010 229p
Single Pass Boiler
Erection Procedure

Vertical panels
of evaporator

010 253p
Single Pass Boiler
Erection Procedure
Lifting of coil panels of heating surfaces

010 254p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence

0 Completion after 18 weeks

Lifting of inner supporting


grid and coils of heating
surfaces on top completed

Connecting of inner part and


outer part of supporting grid
completed

010 230p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure
Erection Sequence

0 Completion after 11 month

Erection of buckstays for


inclined tubing
Erection of boiler enclosure
wall (lower part, inclined tubing)
Erection of boiler hopper
and buckstays
Erection of connecting piping
Final welding

010 231p
Single Pass Boiler
Erection Procedure
Lifting of evaporator panels (inclined tubing)

010 256p
Single Pass Boiler
Faster Erection Procedure

Erection Sequence

Hydro Test

0 Completion after 12 month

010 232p
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