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Chapter 15 Exercise and Problems

15. The density of molasses in 1600 kg/m3. Find the mass of the molasses in a
0.95 L jar.

Sol.

Density
=M /V

Density of molasses, D_m=1600 kg/m^3.

Volume of molasses, V_m=0.95L=0.95* 10^-3 m^3

Mass of molasses, M_m=D_m*V_m= 1.52 kg

Ans.

M_m=1.52 kg

23. Whats the density of a fluid whose pressure increases at the rate of 100kPa
for every 8.0 m of depth?

Sol.

Hydrostatic equilibrium
dp
=g
dh

Pressure P=gh=100 kPa=9.8 m/s 8.0 m


2

P
Density of fluid = =1275.5 kg/m3
gh

Ans.
P
= =1275.5 kg/m3
gh

29. On land, the most massive concrete block you can carry is 25 kg. Given
concretes 2200 kg/m3, how massive a block could you carry underwater?

Sol.

Buoyancy force
Fb =gV

Mass of block, M
M
Volume of block V= =M /2200

Buoyancy force on block Fb =water gV

Maximum force you can F M =25g=MgF b=Mg water gM /2200

25 25
Mass of block M= = = 45.833kg
1water / 11000/2200

Ans.
25 25
Mass of block M= = = 45.833kg
1water / 11000/2200

33. Water flows through a 2.6 cm diameter pipe at 1.7m/s. If the pipe narrows to
1.6 cm diameter, whats the flow speed in the constriction?

Sol.

Continuity equation
vA=constant
2 2 2
A1 r1 D1 2.6
Speed of water at narrow pipe v 2=v 1 =v1 2 =v1 2 =1.7 2
=4.489 m/ s
A2 r2 D2 1.6

Ans.
2 2 2
A1 r1 D1 2.6
v 2=v 1 =v1 2 =v1 2 =1.7 2
=4.489 m/s
A2 r2 D2 1.6

38. When a couple with total mass 150kg lies on a water bed, pressure in the bed
increases by 4700 Pa. What surface area of the two bodies is in contact with the
bed?

Sol.

Pressure
F
p=
A
F 150 2
Surface area A= = =0.0319 m
p 4700

Ans.
F 150
A= = =0.0319 m 2
p 4700