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CH4

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?

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40%
38% 97% 24%
1



5% 5%

10% 25%

5% 5%

20% 25%

15% 35%

45% 5%

1. BBC. BBC Schools web site, GCSE


Bitesize, Chemistry, Changing materials, Fractional Distillation.
bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/chemistry/changingmaterials/fractionaldistillationrev1.shtml

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*
* 2

2. ; -1-

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.

1.

1.
(%)
74%
12%
10%
2%
1.0%
0.5%
0.4%
0.1%
60ppm*(0.006%)

*ppm




NOX





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2%

2.


1997 0.05% 0.2%
3


( )

( /
)

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3. (
http //www.info.gov.hk/epd/)



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3.

()



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.


3584 80%

1.

2.

3.



44

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1800

100

90
80
/

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100

4.

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235

235



-
-


2 H2 (g) + O2 (g) 2 H2O (l) +

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1. American Petroleum Institute. Classroom energy web site, Teachers, All about Petroleum.
http://www.classroom-energy.org/teachers/petroleum/index.html
2. BBC. BBC Schools web site, GCSE Bitesize, Chemistry, Changing materials, Fractional
Distillation.http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/chemistry/changingmaterials/fractio
naldistillationrev1.shtml
3. Chandler, G. and Graham, K. (1996) Alternative Energy Sources. 1st ed. New York: Twenty-
First Century Books.
4. Environmental Protection Department, HKSAR. Air, Problems and solutions, Blue skies on
the horizon.
http://www.info.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/air/prob_solutions/highlights.html
5. Johansson, A. (1992) Clean Technology. Boca Raton: Lewis.
6. Sterrett, F. S. (1995) Alternative Fuels and the Environment. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers.

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