You are on page 1of 10

PROPOSAL REPORT

ELECTRONIC WATER TURBIDITY


CHECKER SYSTEM

Prepared by: Ir.Icahri Bin Hj. Chatta , Ir. Hj. Mohd Radzi Bin Abdul
Hamid , Noor Azme Bin Omar, Mohd Baharum Bin Muhammad Din,
Suriani Binti Othman, Safarudin Bin Salehuddin, Muhammad Munzir Bin
Hussin , Azlin Safinar Binti Asri, July 2017.
CONTENTS

SUMMARY EXCECUTIVE ............................................................................................................. 2

1.0 INTRODUCTION .. 3

2.0 BENEFITS FOR USER .......................................................................................................................... 3

3.0 OBJECTIVE ......................................................................................................................................... 4

4.0 SCOPE OF PROJECT ........................................................................................................................... 4

5.0 METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................................................ 5

6.0 FLOWCHART...................................................................................................................................... 7

7.0 PROJECT PLANNING BY GANTT CHART ............................................................................................. 8

8.0 LIST OF ITEM WITH PRICE ................................................................................................................. 9

1
SUMMARY EXCECUTIVE

Based on a previous meeting in 5th July we discuss about a project that need
to be done by MHI. From the suggestion title, we all decided to choose an
electronics water turbidity checker system as our project because in MHI
commonly using a close tank which hard to know the condition of water inside
it.

The function of this project is to check the condition of water inside a close
tank because the water inside the tank cannot be seen from the outside. Then, it
also can make sure the condition of water in a close tank always in a good
condition which the reading of turbidity is below 1 NTU. After that, to make
sure this system can be operating at least 5 minutes per a day.

Keyword: electronics system, water, turbidity, closed tank, environment.

2
1.0 INTRODUCTION

Water is a substance that is in great abundance on this planet, and it holds


some significant importance to our lives. Without it, we could not live, and
not simply because we would die have thirst. Infected water can cause
diseases. To make sure water quality not infected. Therefore, we using this
simple electronics project. We can perform water purity measurement and
water quality analysis by using this water purity checker circuit.

This circuit is built using a simple LDR (Light Depended Resistor) and
some discrete components. The most attractive feature of this water purity
tester is it can give a beep sound when the water purity level goes below a
threshold value. We can implement this simple electronic project in any
water drainage and domestic water tank for monitoring and testing water
quality.

The operation of this simple project is, when the amount of mud in the
water reservoir exceeds a threshold value. This equipment starts for
producing a beep sound to alert us that the quantity of mud in the water has
increased and needs a cleaning.

2.0 BENEFITS FOR USER.

This electronics system potential for saving the cost that use for monitoring
and testing the water quality in any drainage and domestic tank. It also can help
to save time for installation because the operation of this project is easy for
understand. This project using a small power source for operate it system. It
also water proofing equipment and user friendly.

3
3.0 OBJECTIVE

Upgrading and innovating existing systems to achieve several aspects:

It can decreasing the cost of purchase and maintenance for water quality
checker. It also can help for reducing dependence to any outside workers for
installation. It may help for lowering the level of a risk in an operation of this
systems.

4.0 SCOPE OF PROJECT

a) Design an automatic water turbidity checker by using a simple


electronic circuit.

b) Made an advance system that can notify beep sound when detect mud
or cloudy water in a close tank.

c) To make research on turbidity water with a difference NTU reading by


using a turbidity meter.

d) To verify the water that are unhealthy for drinking or using in a lab and
environment.

e) To make comparisons between a condition of water and the ability of


this system for detect the turbidity of water.

4
5.0 METHODOLOGY

The main part of this project is a LDR (Light Depended Resistor). Light from
an LED is allowed to fall on the surface of LDR. Then, the resistance become
small and the voltage drop across the LDR is also small (less than 0.6V) and it
is insufficient to turn ON the transistor. When the amount of mud in the water
tank increases, the water becomes dirty and the muddy water blocks the path of
light rays from LED to LDR. The resistance become increase and cause high
voltage drop across the LDR and this high voltage leads to turning ON of the
transistor. When the transistor becomes ON, current from Vcc starts flowing
from Vcc to ground via the buzzer. Hence it produces beep sound. We test this
project by using different scenario.
1)different turbidity of water
2)different distance between LDR and LED
3)different sound of buzzer produce (as an output)

5
5.1 RESULT
Type of water Turbidity of water Distance between Buzzer sound
(NTU) LDR and LED

Tap water
coffee
Muddy water
Rust water

6
6.0 FLOWCHART

1)
START

LED TURN
ON

LDR DETECT NO CLOUDY YES LDR CANNOT


LIGHT WATER DETECT LIGHT

TRANSISTOR
TURN OFF TRANSISTOR
TURN ON

BUZZER TURN ON
(BEEP SOUND)

END

7
7.0 PROJECT PLANNING BY GANTT CHART

8
8.0 LIST OF ITEM WITH PRICE

NO ITEMS QUANTITY PRICE/UNIT TOTAL


(RM) PRICE
(RM)
1 POWER SUPPLY 5V 1 RM 20.00 RM 20.00
2 RESISTORS WATT (1K; 150K) 4 RM0.40 RM1.60
3 TRANSISTOR BC547 3 RM6.00 RM18.00
4 LIGHT DEPENDED RESISTOR 3 RM7.00 RM21.00
(LDR)
5 SOLDERLESS BREAD BOARD 1 RM7.00 RM7.00
6 BUZZER 6V 1 RM7.00 RM7.00
7 MALE TO FEMALE WIRE JUMPER 1 SET RM5.00 RM5.00
8 TRANSPARENT FLEXIBLE 2 RM6.70 RM13.40
PLASTIC TUBE
9 RULER 30cm 1 RM13.00 RM13.00
10 LED 5 RM0.20 RM1.00
11 MALE TO MALE WIRE JUMPER 1 SET RM 11.00 RM11.00
12 PUSH BUTTON SWITCH 1 RM10.00 RM10.00
TOTAL RM75.00

9.0 CONCLUSION

At the end of this project, we achieve our objective. From the result, we know
that different distance between LDR and LED will affect the effectiveness of
this project. So, we need to adjust the distance between 5.8 cm to 6.4 cm.