You are on page 1of 13

4/20/2011

Water resources in Egypt Introduction

55.5 *109 m3/Y Nile


8.3 *109 m3/Y Rain + ground W

Domestic Industrial

7.7 *109 m3/Y


10 %
14%
? 7.5 *109 m3/Y
10 %

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80 %


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

55.5 *109 m3/Y Nile


8.3 *109 m3/Y Rain + ground W

Domestic Industrial

-14%
7.7 *109 m3/Y 7.5 *109 m3/Y
10% 10%

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80%

1
4/20/2011


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

55.5 *109 m3/Y Nile


8.3 *109 m3/Y Rain + ground W

Domestic Industrial

-14%
7.7 *109 m3/Y 7.5 *109 m3/Y
10% 10%

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80%


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

55.5 *109 m3/Y Nile


8.3 *109 m3/Y Rain + ground W

Domestic Industrial

7.7 *109 m3/Y 7.5 *109 m3/Y


10% 10%

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80%

2
4/20/2011


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

Domestic Industrial

7.7 *109 m3/Y 7.5 *109 m3/Y


10% 10%

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80%


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

Domestic Industrial

7.7 *109 m3/Y 7.5 *109 m3/Y


10% 10%

Agriculture

58.65 *109 m3/Y




80%

3
4/20/2011


Water resources in Egypt Introduction


Water resources in Egypt Introduction

4
4/20/2011


Water resources in Egypt Introduction


Self-purification

O2

O2
O2
Photosynthesis Nitrificat ion
BOD O2
BOD

5
4/20/2011


Self-purification

O2

O2
O2
Photosynthesis Nitrificat ion
BOD O2
BOD

observations

6
4/20/2011

observations

7
4/20/2011

Effluent discharge options

Discharge to Drainage system Reuse in agriculture

WWTP
WWTP

8
4/20/2011


Effluent discharge options and treatment
levels required

Discharge to Drainage system Reuse in agriculture


Legal Low 48, 1982 Egyptian code 501, 2005
Framework
BOD COD S. S FC BOD S. S FC
3
(mg/l) (mg/l) (mg/l) number/100 cm (mg/l) (mg/l)
3
number/100 cm
Category
60 80 50 5000 A < 20 < 20 < 1000
B < 60 < 50 < 5000
C < 400 < 250 Undefined

Treatment
Primary treatment level or
Secondary treatment Either Enhanced primary level or
Level needed
is must Secondary treatment level

9
4/20/2011

10
4/20/2011

11
4/20/2011

12
4/20/2011

13