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DESIGN OF SHELL

DESIGN SHELL THICKNESS API 650 - CLAUSE-5.6.3.2

Td = (4.9*D*(H-0.3)*G/Sd)+CA
Where
Dia. Of Tank,D = 24 m
Design Height,H = 15.2 m
Specific
1.00
Gravity,G =
Corroion Allowance,CA = 1.50 mm
Allowable stress,Sd = 164 N/mm^2

Therefore
Td = 12.18 mm

HYDROSTATIC TEST SHELL THICKNESS API 650 - CLAUSE-5.6.3.2

Tt = (4.9*D*(H-0.3)/St)
Where
Dia. Of Tank,D = 24 m
Design Height,H = 15.2 m
Allowable stress,St = 176 N/mm^2

Therefore
Tt = 9.96 mm

THICKNESSOF UPPER COURSE

"H" IN
Td Tt
COURSE mm HIGHER
HEIGHT OF "H" IN "T"
FROM (UPTO
m
OF Td or
COURSE LIQUID mm mm PROVIDED,mm
BOTTOM Tt,mm
LEVEL)

1st 3050 15200 15.2 12.18 9.96 12.18 14


2nd 3050 12150 12.15 10.00 7.92 10.00 12
3rd 3050 9100 9.1 7.81 5.88 7.81 10
4th 3050 6050 6.05 5.62 3.84 5.62 8
5th 3000 3000 3 3.44 1.80 3.44 8
6th 0 0 0 1.28 -0.20 1.28 8

SHELL THICKNESS IS SAFE


UNCORRODED CONDITION
COURSE HEIGHT Transposed
"T"actual "T"uniform
FROM OF in mm in mm
Width,"Wtr" sum of Wtr
BOTTOM COURSE in mm
1st 3.05 14 8 752.84 752.84
2nd 3.05 12 8 1106.81 1859.65
3rd 3.05 10 8 1745.92 3605.57
4th 3.05 8 8 3050.00 6655.57
5th 3 8 8 3000.00 9655.57
6th 0 8 8 0.00 9655.57

CORRODED CONDITION
COURSE HEIGHT Transposed
FROM OF "T"actual "T"uniform Width,"Wtr"
BOTTOM COURSE in mm in mm in mm sum of Wtr
1st 3.05 12.5 6.50 594.71 594.71
2nd 3.05 10.5 6.50 919.62 1514.34
3rd 3.05 8.5 6.50 1559.68 3074.02
4th 3.05 6.5 6.50 3050.00 6124.02
5th 3 6.5 6.50 3000.00 9124.02
6th 0 6.5 6.50 0.00 9124.02

UNCORRODED
CONDITION
where Wtr < H1
Therefore intermediate wind girder is unrequired
No of intermediate wind girder is 0
from curb
Position is 3 angle

CORRODED CONDITION
where Wtr > H1
Therefore intermediate wind girder is required
No of intermediate wind girder is 1
from curb
Position is 3 angle

REQUIRED SECTION MODULUS


Zreq. = D^2*H*(V/190)^2/17
Where
Design Height,H = 3.0 m
Nominal tank diameter,m = 24 m
Design wind speed,V = 233 km/hr
Therefore
Zreq. = 153.23
= 153.23 cm^2
So intermediate wind girder is One Angle
One Angle is suitable
Required Section is 150*100*10
BOTTOM PLATE

MINIMUM THICKNESS
Minimum
thickness = 6 + C.A.
= 7.50 mm
Provided
Thickness = 8.00 mm
Hence safe

ANNULAR PALTE

HYDROSTATIC TEST BOTTOM COURSE SHELL THICKNESS

St = (4.9*D*(H-0.3)/t)
Where
Dia. Of Tank,D = 24 m
Design Height,H = 15.2 m
Bottom Shell
Thick,t = 14 mm

Therefore
Tt = 125.16 < 176.00

Hence safe

MINIMUM THICKNESS
Minimum Thickness without C.A. = 6
Minimum Thickness with C.A. = 7.50 mm
Provided Thickness = 10.00 mm
Hence safe

WIDTH OF ANNULAR PALTE

b = 215*t/(H*G)^0.5
Where
Specific Gravity,G = 1.00 m
Design Height,H = 15.2 m
Bottom Shell
Thick,t = 10.00 mm

b = 551.4633642 mm
b < 600 mm
Therefore
Required width of annular plate between the inside
of the shell and any lap joint in the reminder of the is 950 mm
bottom plate
ROOF PLATE

MINIMUM THICKNESS
Minimum thickness = 5 + C.A.
= 6.50 mm
Provided Thickness = 8.00 mm
Hence safe

LOAD DETAILS

1) DEAD LOAD = 0.63 Kpa

2) LIVE LOAD = 1.50 Kpa

3) WIND SPEED
Force on vertical area,Pv = 0.86*(V/190)^2
= 0.92 KN/m^2
Uplift Force on Roof,Pu = 1.44*(V/190)^2
= 1.54 KN/m^2
External force,Pe = 0.25 KN/m^2
Design Force on Vertical Area,Ps = Pv+0.4*Pe
= 1.02 KN/m^2
Design Uplift Force on Roof,Pr = Pu+0.4*Pe
= 1.64 KN/m^2

4) INTERNAL PRESSURE = 1.00 Kpa

5) EXTERNAL PRESSURE = 0.25 Kpa

LOAD COMBNATION

1) DD+LL = 2.13 Kpa

2) DD+WF = 1.01 Kpa

3) DD+WF+IP = 2.01 Kpa


4) DD+WF+0.4*EP = 1.26 Kpa

DESIGN LOAD = 2.13 Kpa

NOMINAL THICKNESS OF ROOF PLATE

SHAPE OF ROOF = CONE TYPE


SLOPE = 9.46
20.00
t = 83*D*(T/(1.72*2*10^5))^0.5/Sin
= 30.14 mm

But
Provided roof thickness = 8.00 < 30.14

Supported to roof plate is required

SUPPORTED ROOF DETAILS

ACTUAL RAFTER SPACING = 2000.00 mm < 2100 mm


ALLOWABLE RAFTER SPACING = t*(1.5*Fy/p)^0.5
= 2718.23 > 2000.00
Hence safe

DIA.
NAME THICK HEIGHT C.A
OR WEIGHT WEIGHT
LEN. (UNCORRODED),KG (CORRODED),KG
24 14 3050 1.50 25260.30 22553.84
24 12 3050 1.50 21651.68 18945.22
24 10 3050 1.50 18043.07 15336.61
shell
24 8 3050 1.50 14434.45 11727.99
24 8 3000 1.50 14197.82 11535.73
24 8 0 1.50 0.00 0.00

bottom
plate 24 8.00 - 1.50 30677.43 21674.27

annular
plate 24.1 10.00 - 1.50 2814.25 2080.10

roof
plate 24 8.00 - 1.50 35920.49472 25378.6104
CURB 75.4 unit 15 1131 1017.9
ANGLE weight

wind unit
girder 75.4 weight 30 2262 2035.8

Roof unit
structure 121 weight 65.4 7913.4 7122.06

Roof unit
structure 92.4 weight 40.2 3714.48 3343.032

Roof unit
structure 121 weight 31.5 3811.5 3430.35

Roof unit
structure 58.5 weight 24.01 1404.585 1264.1265

Roof unit
structure 40.53 weight 40.2 1629.306 1466.3754

Roof unit
structure 22.7 weight 30.53 693.031 623.7279

unit
C.DR 56.52 weight 6.283 710.23032 1278.414576

STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOAD + INTERNAL PRESSURE

WIND FORCE CALCULATION

wind speed = 194.40 km/hr


Roof Height Above Shell,HR = 2.00 m
Shell Height,H = 15.20 m
Height of Tank Including Roof Height,Ht = 17.20 m
Effective Wind Gust Factor,G = 0.85
Force Co- Efficient,Cf = 0.80
Structure Type = TANQ-CIRCLE
Wind Directionally Factor,Kd = 0.95
Velocity Pressure Exposure Co-Eff.,Kz = 1.03
Topo Graphic Factor,Kzt = 1.00

Category = 3.00
Importance Factor,I = 1.15
Design Wind Pressure,qz = 0.613*Kz*Kzt*Kd* V^2*I*G*Cf/1000
= 1.37 KN/m^2
WIND FORCE FROM API650-CODE
Force on vertical area,Pws = 0.86*(V/190)^2
= 0.92 KN/m^2
Uplift Force on Roof,Pwr = 1.44*(V/190)^2
= 1.54 KN/m^2

WIND FORCE ON SHELL


Fws = D*H*Pws
Where
Dia. Of Tank,D = 24.00 m
Design Height,H = 15.20 m
therefore
Fws = 336.03 KN
= 34254.08 KG
WIND FORCE ON ROOF
Fwr = HR*D*Pwr
= 74.03 KN
= 7546.80 KG

WIND MOMENT
Mw = Fws*H/2+Fwr*(H+HR/2)
= 382589.10 KG-m
WEIGHT OF TANK
SHELL = 80099.39 KG
ROOF PLATE = 25378.61 KG
ROOF STRUCTURE = 18528.09 KG
WIND GIRDER = 2035.80 KG
CURB ANGLE = 2035.80 KG

TOTAL,Wt = 128077.69 KG

CHECK THE OVERTURNING STABILITY BY SIMPLE METHOD

RESISTING MOMENT
Mres = Wt*D/2
= 1536932.25 KG-m
Mres = 1536932.25

(2/3)*Mres = 1024621.50 > Mw


Therefore
Tank is Stable (against wind only)
UPLIFT FORCE
By Wind = 4*M/D
= 63764.85 KG
Internal pressure = 1.00 KN/m^2
By Internal pressure = 45216.00 KG

TOTAL UPLIFT FORCE,Fu = 108980.85 KG

NET UPLIFT
TOTAL TANK WEIGHT,Fw = W(SH.+BO. PL.+ROOF+STIF.)
= 150814.16 KG

NET UPLIFT = Fu-Fw


= -41833.31 KG
Therefore
Anchoring is Not Required

CHECK THE OVERTURNING STABILITY BY API-650

MOMENT DATA

Overturning moment about the shell -to- bottom joint from Fws*H/2+Fwr*(H+HR/2)
horizontal plus vertical wind pressure,Mw =
= 382589.10 KG

Moment about the shell to bottom joint from design IP*A*D/2


internal pressure,Mpi =
542592.00 KG

Moment about the shell to bottom joint from nominal Ws*D/2


weight of shell and shell structure element,Mdl =
= 1010051.88 KG

Moment about the shell to bottom joint from nominal Wr*D/2


weight of roof and roof structure element,Mdlr =
= 526880.36 KG

Moment about the shell to bottom joint from liquid V*G*1000


weight,Mf =
= 329895936.00 KG

OVERTURNING CHECK FOR EMPTY TANK


CASE1
0.6*Mw+Mpi < (Mdl/1.5) + Mdlr
229553.5 < 1200248.28
Hence tank is safe
CASE2
Mw+Mpi*Fp < ((Mdl+Mf)/2) + Mdlr
382589.1 < 1031906.30
Hence tank is safe

OVERTURNING CHECK FOR FULL STORED TANK

CASE1
0.6*Mw+Mpi < (Mdl/1.5) + Mdlr
772145.5 < 1200248.28
Hence tank is safe
CASE2
Mw+Mpi*Fp < ((Mdl+Mf)/2) + Mdlr
925181.1 < 165979874.30
Hence tank is safe

ANCHOR AGAINST SLIDING

SLIDING FORCE DUE TO WIND


Fwind = (W.P on Roof*Ar + W.P on Shell *As)
= 41800.87 KG

RESISTANT FORCE AGAINST SLIDING


Ffriction = 0.4*Wtank
= 51231.07 > 41800.87
= 51231.07 KG
Therefore safe

TANK ANCHORAGE

DATA
MATERIAL DATA
Fty(bottom plate) = 205.00 N/mm^2
Fy(bolt) = 215.00 N/mm^2

TANK DATA
Dia. of tank = 24.00 m
Height of Tank,H = 15.20 m

Roof plate thick,th (Un cor.) = 8.00 mm

Roof plate thick,th (cor.) = 6.50 mm


PRESSURE FROM API-650(F)

Design Pressure,P = (A*Fy*tan /(200*D^2))+(0.00127*Dlr/(D*D))


= 2.44 kpa
Failure Pressure,Pf = 1.6*P-(0.000746*Dlr/D^2)
= 3.82 kpa
Test Pressure,Pt = (A*Fy*tan /(200*D^2))+(0.00127*Dlr/(D*D))
= 2.72 kpa
WEIGHT AND MOMENT

= Ws
D.L(shell),W1(CORRODED)
= 821351.90 N
= Ws+Wr
D.L(shell+roof),W2(CORRODED)
= 1247634.73 N
= Ws
D.L(shell),W3(UNCORRODED)
= 958493.23 N
= Pws*D*H^2/2
Wind moment from shell,Mwh
= 4276.21 N-m

WIND FORCE DATA

Wind uplift pressure,Pwr = 1.54 kpa

wind pressure on shell,Pws = 921.14 N/m^2

SEISMIC FORCE DATA

VERTICAL EARTHQUAKE = 0.04


ACCELERATION,Av

Seismic Moment,Mrw = 16958088.55 N-m

ANCHOR REQUIRMENT

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-1

Design Pressure,P = ((P-0.08*th)*D^2*785)-W1


= 44626.26 N

Anchoring is Not Required


UNLIFT LOAD CASE-2

Test Pressure,Pt = ((Pt-0.08*th)*D^2*785)-W1


= 174669.34

Anchoring is Not Required

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-3

Failure Pressure,Pf = ((1.5*Pf-0.08*th)*D^2*785)-W3


= 1344391.60

Anchoring is Required

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-4

Wind load = (Pwr*D^2*785)+(4*Mwh/D)-W2


= -549520.95

Anchoring is Not Required

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-5

seismic load = 4*Mrw/D-W2*(1-0.4*Av)


= 1596180.25

Anchoring is Required

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-6

Design Pressure+wind = ((0.4*P+Pwr-


0.08th)*D^2*785)+(4*Mwh/D)-W1
= 82079.22

Anchoring is Required

UNLIFT LOAD CASE-7

Design Pressure+seismic = ((0.4*P-0.08th)*D^2*785)+(4*Mrw/D)-W1*(1-


0.4*Av)
= 2221812.46
Anchoring is Required
UNLIFT LOAD CASE-8

frangibility pressure = ((3*Pf-0.08th)*D^2*785)-W3


= 3990918.03

Anchoring is Required

MACHANICALLY ANCHORED

MINIMUM ANCHOR RESISTANT

LOAD ON ONE BOLD = 52.96 KN

ANCHOR BOLD DETAILS

DIAMETER = 30.00 mm
LENGTH = 700.00 mm
N/mm^
= 6.00
TENSILE STRENGTH 2

P = 395.64 > 52.96

Therefore anchor is safe


Provide 20 nos of 30 mm dia. Bolt (length=700) for anchoring