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Subject: Design and Drawing of Superstructure (30m)

Moment at mid span (Sagging) for Outer Girder.

S. CIVILBABA
Load Case LASA
No.
1. GIRDER (kNm) 1910 1836

2. DECK SLAB (kNm) 2120 2037

3. SIDL (CRASH BARRIER) 1020 772


(kNm)
4. SIDL (WEARING COAT) 344 315
(kNm)
5. LIVE LOAD (kNm) with 3521 3518
impact factor
Total (kNm) 8915 8478

Shear Force at Support for Outer Girder.

S. CIVILBABA
Load Case LASA
No.
1. GIRDER (kN) 287 276

2. DECK SLAB (kN) 297 280

3. SIDL (CRASH BARRIER) 152 120


(kN)
4. SIDL (WEARING COAT) 46 41
(kN)
5. LIVE LOAD (kN) with 458 498
impact factor
Total (kN) 1240 1215

Prestressing Force before long term losses (Only friction and Slip loss) for Inferior
Combination.

S. CIVILBABA
LASA
No.
1. No. of Cables 4 4

2. No. of Strands 58 58

3. Total Prestressing Force 815.077 815.1


(T)
4. Prestressing force after 769.8
Friction and Slip Losses 762.635
(T)
5. % Loss 6.43% 5.56%

6. Properties of Girder Section (Mid)


Area of the section (m2) 0.715

Depth of the section (m) 1.900 1.9

CG of section from 1.000


top,Ytb (m)
CG of section from 0.900
bottom,Yb (m)
Inertia of section (m4) 0.283

Section Modulus at Girder 0.283


Top,Ztb (m3)
Section Modulus at Girder 0.315
Bottom,Zb (m3)
7. Stresses due to Self Weight (Girder Concrete, age 7 days)

GIRDER Moment (kNm) 1910 1836

Resultant Stress at Top (191.0/0.283) = 674.082 627


of Beam (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at (191.0/0.315) = -607.080 -591
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) 2

8. Stresses due to First Stage Stressing (After 7 days)

Prestressing Force,Pi 222.1

Pi/A 222.1/0.715 = 310.761

e 0.55
222.1 x 0.55 / 0.283 = -
Pi x e / Ztb
431.355
222.1 x 0.55 / 0.315 =
Pi x e / Zb
388.479
Resultant Stress at Top 310.761-431.355 = -120.594 -125
of Beam (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at 310.761+388.479 = 699.240 732
Bottom of Beam (T/m2)
9. Stresses due to Self weight of Girder + First Stage Prestressing

Resultant Stress at Top 674.082-120.594 = 553.488 502


of Beam (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at -607.080+699.240 = 92.160 141
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) 2

10. Total Stresses after long term losses between Stage 1 & 2

Total Loss in Force (Pi) 222.1*3.5/100 = -7.43

(Loss) Pi/A -7.43/0.715 = -10.404


(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb -7.43 * 0.55 / 0.283 = 14.44

(Loss) Pi x e / Zb -7.43 * 0.55 / 0.315 = -13.00

Resultant Stress at Top 553.488 -10.404+14.44 = 517


of Beam (T/m2) 557.525
Resultant Stress at 92.16-10.404-13.00 = 68.75 133
2
Bottom of Beam (T/m )
% Loss due to creep of 1.05%
Concrete
% Loss due to Shrinkage 0.94%
of concrete
% Loss due to relaxation 1.36%
of Steel
% Loss due to stage 1
3.35% 4.68%
cable
11. Total stresses after Second stage Prestressing ( 28 days)

% Elastic Shortening Loss


of Stage 1 cable due to 2.893%
Stage 2 Cable
% Elastic Shortening Loss
of Stage 2 cable due to 3.387%
Stage 2 Cable
Prestressing Force after 210.353
Stress loss Stage 1(T)
Loss in Prestressing Force -(222.1-7.43) x 2.893/100 =
Stage 1 Cable (Pi) -6.267
(Loss) Pi/A -6.267/0.715 = -8.769

(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb -6.267 x .55 /0.283 = 12.172


-6.267 x 0.55 /0.315 = -
(Loss) Pi x e / Zb
10.962
Loss Stress in Top of -8.769+12.172 = 3.403
Beam (T/m2)
Loss Stress in Bottom of -8.769-10.962 = -19.731
Beam (T/m2)
Prestressing Force after 446.658
Stress loss Stage 2(T)
e (Stage 2 cable) 0.576

P/A 446.658/0.715 = 624.969


446.615 x 0.576 /0.283 = -
P x e / Ztb
907.914
446.615 x 0.576 /0.315 =
P x e / Zb
817.670
Stress at Top(T/m2) 624.969-907.914 = -282.945
624.969+817.670 =
Stress at Bottom (T/m2)
1442.639
Resultant Stress at Top 557.525+3.403-282.945 = 221
of Beam (T/m2) 277.983
Resultant Stress at 68.75 -19.731 + 1442.639 = 1667
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) 2 1491.658
12. Total stresses after Second stage Prestressing + long term losses between stage 2 & 3

Loss in Force (Stage 1 -(222.1-7.43-6.267)


Cable) x2.98/100 = -6.237
(Loss) Pi/A -6.237/0.715 = -8.727

(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb -6.237 x .55 /0.283 = 12.113


-6.237 x 0.55 /0.315 = -
(Loss) Pi x e / Zb
10.909
Loss Stress in Top of -8.727+12.113 =3.387
Beam (T/m2)
Loss Stress in Bottom of -8.727-10.909 = -19.636
Beam (T/m2)
Loss in Force (Stage 2 -(446.658) x3.97/100 = -
Cable) 17.685
(Loss) Pi/A -17.685/0.715 = -24.744
-17.685 x 0.576 /0.283 =
(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb
35.947
-17.685 x 0.576 /0.315 = -
(Loss) Pi x e / Zb
32.374
Loss Stress in Top of -24.744+35.947 =11.203
Beam (T/m2)
Loss Stress in Bottom of -24.744-32.374 = -57.119
Beam (T/m2)
Stress at Top of Beam 3.386+11.203+277.98 = 229
(T/m2) 292.629
Stress at Bottom of Beam -19.636-57.118+1491.65 = 1627
(T/m2) 1414.903
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 1.20%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 0.71%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 1 cable 1.06%
% Loss due to stage 1
cable 2.98%
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 1.71%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 1.01%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 2 cable 1.23%
% Loss due to stage 2 5.72%
cable 3.97%
13. Stresses after stage 3(casting of Deck Slab, Age 50 days)

Moment Due to 31.538


Construction Load (Tm )
Stress at Top of Beam 31.358/0.283 = 111.303
(T/m2)
Stress at Bottom of Beam -31.358/ 0.315 = -100.24
(T/m2)
Moment Due to Deck Slab 212
(Tm )
Stress at Top of Beam 212/0.283 = 748.195
(T/m2)
Stress at Bottom of Beam -212/0.315 = -673.826
(T/m2)
Resultant Stress at Top 292.629+111.303+748.195 = 919
of Beam (T/m2) 1152.071
Resultant Stress at 1414.903 -100.24 -673.826 973
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) 2 = 640.837
14. Property of Composite Section (Mid)

Area of section 1.485 1.485

Depth of section 2.13 2.13

C.G. of section from Top 0.65 0.65


Slab (Yts)
C.G. of section from Top 0.42
of Beam (Ytb)
C.G. of section from 1.48 1.48
Bottom (Yb)
Moment of Inertia of 0.747 0.75
section
Section Modulus of Slab 1.15 1.15
top (Zts)
Section Modulus of Girder 1.78 1.77
Top (Ztb)
Section Modulus of Girder 0.505 0.51
Bottom (Zb)
15. Stress due to Prestressing + Self wt. of the Girder + Self Weight of Green Concrete
(Slab)

Stress at Top of Slab due -31.53/1.15 = -27.428


to removal of Shuttering
Stress at top of Girder due -31.53/1.78 = -17.723
to removal of shuttering
Stress at Bottom of Girder
due to removal of -31.53/0.505 = 62.456
Shuttering
Loss Stress in Top of Slab -1.395
(T/m2) Stage -1 Cable
Loss Stress in Top of
Beam (T/m2) Stage -1 1.82
cable
Loss Stress in Bottom of
Beam (T/m2) Stage 1- -10.55
Cable
Loss Stress in Top of Slab -3.537
(T/m2) Stage -2 Cable
Loss Stress in Top of
Beam (T/m2) Stage -2 5.743
cable
Loss Stress in Bottom of
Beam (T/m2) Stage 2- -29.283
Cable
Stress Gain due to Slab
and X Girder Weight in -8.43
the top of Girder
Stress Gain due to Slab
and X Girder Weight in 44.718
the bottom of Girder
Resultant Stress at Top -1.395-3.537-27.428 = -
of Slab (T/m2) 32.397
Resultant Stress at Top 1.82+5.74-17.72-
of Beam (T/m2) 8.43+1152.071 = 1133.519
-10.55-
Resultant Stress at
29.28+44.72+62.46+640.837
Bottom of Beam (T/m2)
= 707.979
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 0.53%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 0.45%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 1 cable 0.71%
% Loss due to stage 1
cable 1.69%
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 0.53%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 0.64%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 2 cable 0.95%
% Loss due to stage 2
cable 2.11%
16. Stresses after Prestressing+ Self weight Girder + Green Concrete+ SIDL+GAIN (Girder
Concrete Age 70 days, Slab Concrete Age 20 days)

Moment due to SIDL (Tm) 136.4

Stress due to SIDL at Top 136.4/1.15 = 118.628


of Slab
Stress at Top of Girder due 136.4/ 1.78 = 76.651
to SIDL
Stress at Bottom of Girder -136.4 / 0.505 = -270.121
due to SIDL
Stress gain due to SIDL -2.233
Weight at Top of Slab
Stress gain due to SIDL 0.197
Weight at Top of Girder
Stress gain due to SIDL
Weight at Bottom of 20.269
Girder
Resultant Stress at Top 118.63-32.397-2.233 = 20
of Slab (T/m2) 83.998
Resultant Stress at Top 76.65+1133.519+0.197 = 910
of Beam (T/m2) 1210.392
Resultant Stress at -270.121 +707.979+20.269 948
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) 2 = 458.127
17.
Stresses after long term losses between Stage 4 and Stage 5

Loss of Stress Stage 1 -198.92x1.45/100 = -2.891


Cable (Pi)
e 1.13

(Loss) Pi/A -2.891/1.485 = -1.946

(Loss) Pi x e / Zts 2.895x1.13/1.15 = 2.841

(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb 2.895x1.13/1.78 = 1.836

(Loss) Pi x e / Zb -2.895x1.13/0.505 = -6.469

Loss Stress in Top of Slab -1.946+2.841 = 0.895


(T/m2)
Loss Stress in Top of -1.946+1.836 = -0.111
Beam (T/m2)
Loss Stress in Bottom of -1.946-6.469 = -8.416
Beam (T/m2)
Loss of Stress Stage 2 -429.386x1.99/100 = -8.537
Cable (Pi)
(Loss) Pi/A -8.537/1.485 = -5.748

(Loss) Pi x e / Zts 8.537.13/1.15 = 8.580

(Loss) Pi x e / Ztb 8.537x1.13/1.78 = 5.544

(Loss) Pi x e / Zb -8.537x1.13/0.505 = -19.538

Loss Stress in Top of Slab -5.748+8.58 = 2.832


(T/m2)
Loss Stress in Top of -5.748+5.544 = -0.204
Beam (T/m2)
Loss Stress in Bottom of -5.748-19.538 = -25.286
Beam (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at Top 2.832+0.895+83.998 =
48
87.725
of Slab (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at Top -0.204-0.111+1210.392 =
954
1210.051
of Beam (T/m2)
Resultant Stress at -25.286-8.416+458.127 = 778
Bottom of Beam (T/m2) 424.425
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 0.36%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 0.42%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 1 cable 0.67%
% Loss due to stage 1 cable 2.45%
1.45%
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 0.51%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 0.60%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 2 cable 0.88%
% Loss due to stage 2 cable 2.46%
1.99%

18. Stresses After Application of Live Load - Stage 5 ( Girder Concrete Age 90 days, Deck
Slab Age 40 days)

Moment Due to Live load 351.8


(Tm ) 352.1

Stress in Top of Slab 352.1/1.15 = 306.237


(T/m2)
Stress in Top of Beam 352.1/1.78 = 197.872
(T/m2)
Stress in Bottom of Beam -352.1/0.505 = -697.314
(T/m2)
Stress Gain due to Live
Load in Top of Slab -5.764
(T/m2)
Stress gain due to Live
Load in Top of Beam 0.508
(T/m2)
Stress Gain due to Live
Load in Bottom of Beam 52.323
(T/m2)
Resultant Stress at Top 87.725+306.237-5.764 = 354
of Slab (T/m2) 388.198
Resultant Stress at Top 1210.051+197.872+0.508 = 1152
of Beam (T/m2) 1408.432
Resultant Stress at 424.425-697.314+52.323 = 82
2
Bottom of Beam (T/m ) -220.565
19. Stresses after long term losses (start of service stage and up to infinity) + differential
Shrinkage loss

Resultant Stress at Top 207


of Slab (T/m2) 394.711

Resultant Stress at Top 1171


of Beam (T/m2) 1547.186

Resultant Stress at -130


Bottom of Beam (T/m2) -544.251
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 4.57%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 1 Cable 4.68%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 1 cable 2.08%
% Loss due to long term 15.595%
losses ( stage 1 cable) 11.33%
% Loss due to creep of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 6.61%
% Loss due to Shrinkage of
Concrete in Stage 2 Cable 6.68%
% Loss due to Relaxation of
Steel in Stage 2 cable 2.67%
% Loss due to long term 17.11%
losses (stage 2 cable) 16.05%

20. Total Tendon Loss


21.
% Loss due to stage 1 22.206%
cable 20.80%
22. % Loss due to stage 2 24.82% 23.35%
cable

General Observations.
1. Design need to be checked for Inner Girder.
2. Construction Sequence need to be provided in the drawing.