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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

UNRESTRICTED Document ID: SP-1125


May 2004 Filing Key:

Isolation of Process Equipment Specification

Keywords: Blind, Block & Bleed, Inspection, Isolation, Isolation of Equipment,


Maintenance, Spectacle Blind, Spades

This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole nor any part of
this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any
form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior written
consent of the owner.
Authorised for Issue:

Signed:

A. C. Sluijterman
CFDH Process Engineering

Date: May 2004.

The following is a brief summary of the most recent revisions to this document.

Version No. Date Author Scope/Remarks


1.0 May 1999 A.C. Sluijterman PDO-ERD-08-11 rewritten to new format
UEP/1 with minor comments incorporated.
2.0 October 1999 A.C. Sluijterman Notes on minimum isolation requirements
UEP/1 clarified (section 3)
3.0 May 2004 A.C. Sluijterman Isolation of pipeline pig traps systems
UEP referred to the relevant DEP.

Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................4
1.1 BACKGROUND....................................................................................................................................4
1.2 PURPOSE.............................................................................................................................................4
1.3 COMPLIANCE WITH THIS SPECIFICATION............................................................................................4
1.4 DEFINITIONS.......................................................................................................................................5
1.5 FLUID CATEGORIES.............................................................................................................................5
2.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ISOLATION.........................................................................6

3.0 MINIMUM ISOLATION REQUIREMENTS..................................................................................7

4.0 CHOICE OF SPECTACLE BLINDS, SPADES OR SPOOLS FOR ISOLATION......................8


4.1 GENERAL............................................................................................................................................8
4.2 DIMENSIONS OF SPADES AND SPECTACLE BLINDS.............................................................................8
4.3 DOUBLE BLOCK AND BLEED..............................................................................................................8
5.0 LOCATION OF SPECTACLE BLINDS...........................................................................................9

6.0 RELATED BUSINESS CONTROL DOCUMENTS......................................................................10

APPENDIX A - GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS................................................................................11


Isolation of Process Equipment Specification Version
3.0

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background
The objective of this document is to specify the design/engineering requirements for isolation of a
process section or equipment for carrying out the maintenance or inspection work safely.

This specification is primarily intended for use by plant designers but it may also be used by
operations personnel as a general guide for checking the appropriate positioning of spectacle blinds
and spades.

1.2 Purpose
This specification primarily describes correct positioning of spectacle blinds, spades and double
block and bleed requirement in facility pipework. While typical example applications are
described, it is stressed that these are not necessarily specific. It is the responsibility of the user to
assess the actual requirements based on the maintenance/inspection philosophy agreed during the
conceptual design of the facility.

The procedures of depressurisation/draining etc. are considered part of operating procedures and
are covered by PR-1076.

1.3 Compliance with this Specification


The user shall obtain written approval from the Corporate Function Discipline Head (CFDH)
Process Engineering for any deviation from this specification.

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1.4 Definitions
Bleed Valve - A small vent valve, usually immediately downstream of a block valve, which can be
opened to release the pressure and to ascertain whether there is pressure on the downstream side of
the block valve when closed.

Blind/Blank Flange - A solid flange, which can be bolted to a flanged connection on pipes or
equivalent to block off flow from it. The flange shall be of the same rating.

Block Valve - A valve that controls the passage of a liquid through a pipe with the intention that it
permits either full flow or no flow.

Spectacle Blind - A solid circular plate connected to a circular plate with a hole in it by a straight
handle. The plates are designed to be bolted between flanges on piping and equipment. The first
will block off flow and the second will pass normal flow. The plate shall be thick enough to
withstand the anticipated maximum differential pressure. The advantage of this device is that no
additional mechanical stress is applied to the equipment when it is changed between the open and
closed position.

Slip Blind or Spade - A circular flat plate with a handle, which can be bolted between two flanges
to block off flow. The handle should extend outside the flanges. The plate shall be thick enough to
withstand the anticipated differential pressure, which need not be the flange rating pressure.

1.5 Fluid categories


The fluid transported in the system should be categorised in one of the following four groups,
depending on its hazard potential, in accordance with IP Code Part 15:

Category A: A flammable liquid that, on release, would vaporise rapidly and substantially.
This category includes:

(a) Any liquefied petroleum gases or lighter flammable liquid, whether under
pressure or refrigerated.
(b) Any flammable liquid at a temperature sufficient to produce, on release, more
than about 40% vaporisation with no heat input other than from the surrounding.

Category B: A flammable liquid, not in Category A, but at a temperature sufficient for boiling
to occur on release.

Category C: A flammable liquid, not in Categories A or B, but which can, on release, be at a


temperature above its flash point, or form a flammable mist.

Category G: A flammable gas or vapour

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2.0 General requirements for isolation


The maintenance/inspection work should be implemented only on plant, units or systems which
have been shutdown, depressurised to atmospheric pressure, cooled, drained, purged free of
flammable or toxic gases and isolated.

In reality, it may be impractical or uneconomic to shutdown complete facilities or systems for


maintenance or inspection. Equipment could remain connected to live facilities or systems during
inspection or maintenance, with consequent potential for hazard to personnel and plant. In these
cases design of the facilities shall incorporate means of positive isolation of the individual piece of
equipment undergoing inspection or maintenance from remaining live facilities, to protect
personnel from hazards of flammable and/or toxic liquids and gases.

The method of isolation is dependent on such factors as type of maintenance and/or inspection
work involved, i.e. of a major, routine or minor nature, the properties of the process fluid in the live
plant connected to the equipment being maintained and the pressure and temperature of those
fluids. These factors determine whether isolation should consist of single or double block valves,
together with bleeds and inserted spades or closed spectacle blinds.

Inserted spades or closed spectacle blinds should always be used during maintenance, since they
provide the most positive means of isolation.

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3.0 Minimum Isolation Requirements


Table 1 below shows the recommended minimum isolation requirements.

System System Description Major Work


Class

A A shutdown, depressurised Positive isolation by a spade or remove spool


and hydrocarbon free system. and install blind.

B System in service, of ANSI Single leak tight valve plus spade/blind (Note
class 600# and below. 1).
For flashing liquids and toxic
see C below.

Double block and bleed plus a spade/blind.


C System in service, of ANSI
class 900# and above.
All systems containing toxic
fluids (Note 2).
Systems containing flashing
liquids above ANSI 300,
(Note 3) i.e. ANSI 600 and
above.

Note 1 A bleed connection should be installed between the valve and the spade/blind when the
volume of liquids to be drained is significant (e.g. for line sizes of 6" and above).
Note 2 For the purposes of this requirement, toxic in the case of H 2S is defined as more than 500
ppm H2S in the process stream.

Note 3 The definition of flashing liquids for the purposes of this Table is that given for Cat. A fluids in
Appendix B of the IP Code Part 15.

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4.0 Choice of Spectacle Blinds, Spades or Spools for Isolation

4.1 General
Wherever routine isolation of equipment is foreseen for maintenance or inspection, spectacle blinds
shall be installed irrespective of pipe diameter and rating as swinging a spectacle blind is an easier
operation than installing a spade. Furthermore, the isolation status is visually apparent with a
spectacle blind.

For substantial runs of smaller diameter piping (DN 150 and below) of lower pressure classes
(ANSI 300 and below) where there is sufficient flexibility in the pipework for easy flange
spreading, then spades are an acceptable and convenient isolation method. For larger diameter and
higher rated piping or for cases of more rigid piping systems, permanently installed spectacle
blinds are more convenient and impose less strain on the pipework during the isolation operation.

For the isolation of vessels and tanks where nozzle inspection is required, isolation may also be
provided by complete removal of an upstream piping spool with the resultant free end of the
potentially live pipework being closed with a blind flange.

4.2 Dimensions of Spades and Spectacle Blinds


The spade or spectacle blind shall be of sufficient thickness to provide pressure containment
capability equivalent to the piping class in which it is installed. If there is a specification break at
the spectacle blind, then the blind shall be rated for the higher piping class.

4.3 Double Block and Bleed


Any process stream, which is considered sour in accordance with SP-1190, shall be provided with a
double block and bleed system for isolation. The bleed system shall be connected to a closed
drain/flare system.

Double block and bleed shall be provided for isolation in all 900# and higher rated gas or liquid
systems and for sour systems with H2S >500 ppm, which may involve maintenance/inspection
activities which use the block valves for isolation against the upstream or downstream system. The
recommended isolation requirements are given in section 3.

The bleed system for liquids and two-phase systems shall be connected to a drain system as per
PDO specification SP-1126. The bleed system for gasses shall be connected to a flare/vent system
as per DEP 80.45.10.10-PDO.

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5.0 Location of Spectacle Blinds


The actual location of spectacle blinds will normally be determined during detailed design of the
facilities based upon the agreed maintenance philosophy. This should consider whether periodic
maintenance/inspection will be implemented on individual equipment items, trains, units or the
plant as a whole. Consideration of these factors will indicate the required number and best
locations for installation of the spectacle blinds.

Fig. 1 and 2 show the typical isolation requirements at a wellhead and manifold area respectively.

Fig. 3 and 4 show the general requirements of isolation for vessels.

Fig. 5 and 6 represent the isolation requirements for tanks. If a spool is used for isolation at tank
inlet nozzle, the spool shall be straight and its length shall not exceed 1 meter. Blinds or spades
should be inserted on the tank side of all inlet and outlet block valves. These should be placed as
close to the tank as possible. This also applies to blanket/purge gas lines, tank-balancing lines, and
vent lines to flare headers and water draw-off lines.

Fig. 7 shows a typical pump isolation arrangement. Rotating equipment shall be provided with
spectacle blinds at equipment side of inlet and outlet isolation valves as each may be subjected to
maintenance while the surrounding facilities remain live. The pressure rating of the suction valve
and piping between the valve and the suction nozzle shall be equal to the rating of the suction
piping of the pump.

Fig. 8 and 9 show the general requirements for the isolation and pressure equalisation of ESD and
PSD valves respectively.

Fig. 10 shows the isolation requirements for vent and flare headers.

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6.0 Related Business Control Documents


The following standards are referred to in this specification and shall be consulted when applicable.
All listed documents shall be the latest issue.

PDO Specifications

PDO SP-1032 Specification for the design of Pipeline Block Valve Stations
PDO SP-1126 Drain Systems
PDO SP-1190 Design for Sour Service Specification

Shell Standards

DEP 31.38.01.11-Gen Piping General Requirements


DEP 31.40.10.13-Gen. Design of Pipeline Pig Trap Systems.
DEP 80.45.10.10-Gen. Pressure Relief and Flare System

International
Standards

IP Code Part 15 Area Classification Code

Operations Standards

Procedure PR-1076 Isolation of Process Equipment

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Appendix A - Glossary of Abbreviations

ANSI American National Standards Institute


API American Petroleum Institute
CFDH Corporate Function Discipline
DEP Design and Engineering Practice
DN Nominal Diameter
ESD Emergency Shutdown.
FB Full Bore
FIG Figure
IP Institute of Petroleum (LTK)
LC Locked-Closed or Level Controller
LG Level Gauge
LO Locked-Open
LIC Level Indicating Controller
LZA Level Emergency Alarm
NC Normally Closed.
NO Normally Open
PDO Petroleum Development Oman
PdS Pressure Differential Switch
PIC Pressure Indicating Controller
PSD Process Shutdown.
PG Pressure Gauge
RO Restriction Orifice
Typ Typical
UZ Emergency Shutdown
XI Pig Signaller

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FIGURE 1.0 TYPICAL WELLHEAD ISOLATION ARRANGEMENT

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FIGURE 2.0 TYPICAL MANIFOLD ISOLATION ARRANGEMENT

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FIGURE 3.0 VESSEL ISOLATION REQUIREMENTS (SOUR SERVICE)

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FIGURE 4.0 VESSEL ISOLATION REQUIREMENTS (SWEET SERVICE)

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FIGURE 5.0 TANK ISOLATION, SWEET SERVICE

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FIGURE 6.0 TANK ISOLATION, SOUR SERVICE

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FIGURE 7.0 CENTRIFUGAL PUMP ISOLATION

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FIGURE 8.0 ISOLATION AND PRESSURE EQUALISATION FOR INLET ESD VALVE

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INLET PSD VALVE

FIGURE 9.0 ISOLATION AND PRESSURE EQUALISATION FOR INLET PSD VALVE

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FIGURE 10.0 VENT AND FLARE HEADER ISOLATION

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