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EXPERIMENT No.

1:

SUBLIMATION

MEMBERS:

CABAHUG, CLAIRE N.

ESCALADA, ANNA MARGARET E.

GUERRERO, CLAUDETTE CLYDE O.

RODRIGUEZ, KREZZA IRIES M.

SUBMITTED TO:

ENGR. JERALYN CABOTAJE

FEB. 14, 2017


TITLE: SUBLIMATION

OBJECTIVE/S:

TO UNDERSTAND HOW SUBLIIMATION TAKES PLACE


TO FIND OUT IF PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE IS PURE OR NOT

MATERIALS:

FUNNEL
EVAPORATING DISH
STIRRING ROD
ALCOHOL LAMP
IRON STAND
IRON RING
WIRE GAUZE
100 ml BEAKER
FILTER PAPER
GRADUATED CYLINDER
PROCEDURES:

Second, assigned a
member of the group to Third, cover the dish with
First, gather all the materials prepare a mixture of one filter paper. Seal it with a
and instruments needed for spatulaful of phthalic material that doesn't
the experiment. anhydride and sodium burn easily. Make sure it
sulfate and place it in the is air-tight.
evaporating dish.

After that, heat very


slowly with a small
Finally, dissove the collected Then, prick tiny holes in
flame from the alcohol
sublimate in a hot wateer and the center of the filter
lamp and gradually,
add few drops of barium chloride paper and cover with a
collect sublimate that is
solution and stir gently. funnel.
deposited on the
funnel.

MSDS:

CHEMICALS PROPE HAZARD IDENTIFICATION FIRST AID HANDLIING AND


RTIES MEASURES STORAGE

PHTHALIC C8H4O3 Very hazardous in case of skin contact Wash the Keep locked up.
ANHYDRIDE 1,3- (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, affected Keep container dry.
Isobenzofur of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin area with Keep away from
andione
contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact
running heat. Keep away
(corrosive).
water for from sources of
atleast 15 ignition. Keep
mins. Seek container tightly
medical closed. Keep
attention container in a cool,
immediately. well-ventilated
area. Do not store
above 25C (77F).
SODIUM Eye:May cause eye irritation. Causes redness and Flush the Avoid breathing dust,
SULFATE Na2SO4 or pain. Skin: May cause skin irritation.
affected vapor, mist, or gas.
Na2O4S May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, Avoid contact with ey
area with
which becomes evident upon re-
es, skin, and
exposure to this material.May be harmful if absorbe
running
clothing.
d through the skin. water for
Store in a cool, dry pl
Ingestion:May cause irritation of the digestive tract. atleast 15
ace. Store in a tightly
May cause nausea and vomiting.
mins.
May be harmful if swallowed. closed container.
Remove
Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation.
May be harmful if inhaled.Inhalation of dust may ca contaminate
use irritation of the nose and throat. d clothing
(including
watches,
rings, belts
and shoes).
Get medical
aid.
BARIUM BaCl2.2H2 Chronic skin exposure may lead to dermatitis. Flush eyes Toxic. Irritant.
O Prolonged ingestion may cause symptoms as in thoroughly with
CHLORIDE Sealed air-tight.
gently running
SOLUTION Ingested, weight loss, leukocytopenia, lowered Prevent ignition.
water, holding
(1 M) hemoglobin levels, liver and kidney damage in
eyelids open
rats. Prolonged inhalation may cause baritosis, a while flushing,
benign pneumoconiosis. for at least ten
to fifteen (10-
15) minutes.
Remove
contaminated
clothing
(including
watches,
rings, belts
and shoes).

Get medical
attention if
necessary.

Data/Observations:

Results:

Mixture Purified Reagents and conditions Results


Phthalic anhydride Barium chloride 1M solution There were still impurities
Hot water formed therefore, the
mixture is not pure.

Conclusion:

The experiment made by the proponents was conducted well but there are some
impurities which mean there are slight mistakes made. It may be during the heating of
the mixture or dissolving the sublimate in the hot water with the barium chloride solution.
Nevertheless, there was an obvious result. However, what was expected wasnt
achieved.
References:

http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9926546

http://www.ch.ntu.edu.tw/~genchem99/msds/exp2/Acros-Sodium%20sulfate.pdf

http://www.westliberty.edu/health-and-safety/files/2012/08/Barium-Chloride.pdf