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UH - Structural Forensics - Homework 6

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Pledge: We, Hazem Amer, Wanzhi Liu and Oswaldo Russian, pledge not to have

given nor received any assistance in the realization of this homework.

Signatures (Date):

Hazem Amer:

Wanzhi Liu:

Oswaldo Russian:

November, 2016

Given Data:

Hoist and Trolley Weight = 18500 lb.

Crane Bridge Weight = 143800 lb.

Wheel Base = 18.00 ft.

Crane Rail Weight = 35 lb. /ft.

Spacing = 25.00 ft.

19700

( ) = = 4925

4

( ) = ( + ) = . = .

25 18

= 75000 (1 + ) = 96000 .

25

( ) = . + . = . = .

3 Analysis

- Vertical Load + Lateral Load to the Right

- Vertical Load + Lateral Load to the Left

In the following sections, the section and load assignments, deformed configurations, axial force

diagrams, bending moment diagrams and normal stresses diagrams are presented (in this order).

SAP2000 Model: Section Assignments

SAP2000 11/14/16 22:43:15

SAP2000 Model: Load Assignments (Lateral_Left)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:12:04

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Joint Loads (Lateral_Left) (As Defined) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Load Assignments (Lateral_Right)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:12:29

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Joint Loads (Lateral_Right) (As Defined) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Deformed Shape

(Lateral Load Left)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:05:58

SAP2000 Model: Deformed Shape

(Lateral Load Right)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:06:16

SAP2000 Model: Axial Force Diagrams

(Lateral Load Left)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:13:07

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Axial Force Diagram (Lateral_Left) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Axial Force Diagrams

(Lateral Load Right)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:13:35

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Axial Force Diagram (Lateral_Right) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Bending Moment Diagrams

(Lateral Load Left)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:15:11

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Moment 3-3 Diagram (Lateral_Left) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Bending Moment Diagrams

(Lateral Load Right)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:15:33

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Moment 3-3 Diagram (Lateral_Right) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Max/Min Normal Stresses (S11)

(Lateral Load Left)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:16:48

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Stress S11 Max/Min Diagram (Lateral_Left) - Kip, in, F Units

SAP2000 Model: Max/Min Normal Stresses (S11)

(Lateral Load Right)

SAP2000 11/15/16 15:16:15

SAP2000 v15.2.1 - File:HW6_1 - Stress S11 Max/Min Diagram (Lateral_Right) - Kip, in, F Units

4 Lateral Deflection at Top of A Frame

The maximum lateral deflection occurs at the top of the A Frame under the case of lateral load applied

to the right, and has a value of 1.6984 in. (to the right).

In the case of the lateral load applied to the left, the resulting maximum lateral deflection occurs at the top

of the A Frame and has a value of 0.7397 in. (to the right).

The demand (stresses) on each of the members is noted in section 3. Here, it is noted that some members

are stressed beyond their yield or ultimate stress limits. These are depicted as follows.

Lateral Load to the Right (most unfavorable case)

As shown in Figure 1., for the case of the lateral load acting to the right (most unfavorable case), the

magnitude of the normal stress on Member 2-4 (the highest section of the sloping W12X14 member) is

104 ksi. This exceeds the ultimate stress of 65 ksi. The same is true for Member 3-1 (the top member in

the A Frame), which has a maximum magnitude of normal stress of 95 ksi.

As shown in section 3, there are other members close to or at the yield stress.

For completeness, we include the stresses for the case of the lateral load acting to the left, even as it is not

as unfavorable.

Lateral Load to the Left

6 Why did the Fracture Occur?

As shown in the previous analysis, both elements converging at the rigid joint were fracture occurred

have calculated stresses above the ultimate stress of the material. This is thought to be the reason for the

fracture (crack).

7 Lessons Learned

The stresses are above the physical capabilities (resistance) of the materials. Naturally, this design would

not be sufficient for with respect to any code (as these impose more stringent criteria). Although it is

understood that uniformity is sought after and optimization (economy is necessary), we would select

sections for which the demand (stresses) do not exceed the capacity. And we would select them such that

they met the requirements of the applicable codes.

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