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# *General aptitude*- General aptitude for Gate exam by G. K.

Publication

*Engineering Mathematics*

*Linear Algebra:* Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and
eigen vectors.

## *Calculus:* Functions of single variable, limit, continuity anddifferentiability,

mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improperintegrals

## Partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient,divergence and

curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line,surface and volume
integrals. Theorems of Stokes, Gauss and Green.

## *Differential Calculus:* First order linear and nonlinear equations, higherorder

linear ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy and Euler equations,initial and
boundary value problems, Laplace transforms. Partialdifferential equations and
separation of variables methods.

Refer: Engineering mathematics by Sharma & Sarna or 2(any one of these two)

## *Numerical methods*: Numerical solution of linear and nonlinear algebraicequations,

integration by trapezoidal and Simpson rule, single andmulti-step methods for
differential equations.

## Refer: Numerical methods by B.S. Grewal or any Anna University book.

*Flight Mechanics*

## *Atmosphere*: Properties, standard atmosphere. Classification of aircraft.Airplane

(fixed wing aircraft) configuration and various parts.

## Airplane performance: Pressure altitude; equivalent, calibrated, indicatedair

speeds; Primary flight instruments: Altimeter, ASI, VSI, Turn-bankindicator. Drag
polar; take off and landing; steady climb &descent,-absolute and service ceiling;
cruise, cruise climb, endurance orloiter; load factor, turning flight, V-n diagram;

## *Static stability:* Angle of attack, sideslip; roll, pitch & yaw

controls;longitudinal stick fixed & free stability, horizontal tail position
andsize; directional stability, vertical tail position and size; dihedralstability.
Wing dihedral, sweep & position; hinge moments, stick forces.

## *Dynamic stability: *Euler angles; Equations of motion; aerodynamic forcesand

moments, stability & control derivatives; decoupling of longitudinaland lat-
directional dynamics; longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.
Refer:9(chap-2,3,4,5,6,7,

9), 7(chap-14)

*Space Dynamics*

## Central force motion, determination of trajectory and orbital period insimple

cases. Orbit transfer, in-plane and out-of-plane. Elements of rocketmotor
performance.

*Aerodynamics*

## *Basic Fluid Mechanics*: Incompressible irrotational flow, Helmholtz andKelvin

theorem, singularities and superposition, viscous flows, boundarylayer on a flat
plate.

## Airfoils and wings: Classification of airfoils, aerodynamiccharacteristics, high

lift devices, Kutta Joukowski theorem; liftgeneration; thin airfoil theory; wing
theory; induced drag; qualitativetreatment of low aspect ratio wings.

## *Viscous Flows*: Flow separation, introduction to turbulence, transition,structure

of a turbulent boundary layer.

## *Compressible Flows*: Dynamics and Thermodynamics of I-D flow, isentropicflow,

normal shock, oblique shock, Prandtl-Meyer flow, flow in nozzles anddiffusers,
inviscid flow in a c-d nozzle, flow in diffusers. subsonic andsupersonic airfoils,
compressibility effects on lift and drag, critical anddrag divergence Mach number,
wave drag.

Refer: 11(chap-7-12),8(chap-3)

## *Wind Tunnel Testing*: Measurement and visualisation techniques.

Refer: 5(chap-13)

*Structures*

## *Stress and Strain*: Equations of equilibrium, constitutive law,strain-displacement

relationship, compatibility equations, plane stress andstrain, Airy's stress
function.

Refer: 13(chap-1,2)

## Flight Vehicle Structures: Characteristics of aircraft structures andmaterials,

torsion, bending and flexural shear. Flexural shear flow inthin-walled sections.

## Refer: 13(chap-16,17,18), 14(chap-3,4,5,6,9,11), Loads on A/C- Azar &pirry(chap-

2),for theory of failure n problem practice-UC Jindal
*Structural Dynamics*: Free and forced vibration of discrete systems.Damping and
resonance. Dynamics of continuous systems.

*Propulsion*

## *Turbomachinery*: Axial compressors and turbines, centrifugal pumps andcompressors.

Refer: 15(chap-2,3,4,5,6,7),16(c

hap-)

## Aerothermodynamics of non rotating propulsion components: Intakes,combustor and

nozzle. Thermodynamics of ramjets and scramjets. Elements ofrocket propulsion.

Refer: 6(chap-9), 16

*Best strategy- Read all the topics from the listed references then solveprevious
year GATE paper yourself* .

*Dont believe in any notes and there is no particular book for GATE AEpaper.*

References:

## *9. Flight dynamics principals by cook M.V*

*10.Aerodynamics by shevell*

## *15. Gas turbine theory by Cohen n Rogers*

*16. Rocket propulsion elements by Sutton*