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12 33 (2016 11 )
Vol.12, No.33, November 2016 Tel:+86-551-65690963 65690964

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TP393 A 1009-3044(2016)33-0174-03

1 1 4.8
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[1]
117 275 2.4 595 870 7.4

1 3 3.0 17 20 20.0

1998
[2-
3] 1 12 12.0 21 33 33.0

17 36 2.1 141 177 10.4


2008
IBM [4]
13 58 4.5 84 142 10.9

1 19 19.0 23 42 42.0

[5] 11 34 3.1 84 118 10.7

2
9 31 3.4 60 91 10.1

2014 477 117 117 1.0 416 533 4.6
1167 2014
14.25 16 17 1.1 72 89 5.6
22.5%
11 17 1.5 77 94 8.5


13 13 1.0 81 94 7.2

14 14 1.0 64 78 5.6
[6]

105 85 0.8 156 241 2.3


[7]2014

4.8
1 7 7.0 33 40 40.0
43.2%

339 477 1.4 1167 1644 4.8

2016-09-25

1984

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12 33 (2016 11 ) Computer Knowledge and Technology

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