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NUMBER B02-S02

REV. NO. 2
ENGINEERING STANDARD DATE JUN 2004
PAGE 1 OF 11

Specification for Erection of Structural Steel

This document is issued by Engineering Standards Section, Engineering & Project Management, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The information contained in this document is the confidential property of SABIC. It can not be disclosed, copied or used for any purpose
without prior approval from SABIC. If you are not authorized to possess this document, please destroy it immediately.
NUMBER B02-S02
Erection of Structural Steel REV. NO. 2
DATE JUN 2004
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 2 OF 11

CONTENTS

1. SCOPE................................................................................................ 3
2. APPLICABLE CODES AND REFERENCES 3
3. DEFINITIONS 4
4. QUALITY CONTROL .......................................................................... 4
5. SUBMITTALS 4
6. PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS 5
6.1 Safety ............................................................................................. 5
6.2 Assembly Lift Plan 5
7. GENERAL 5
8. MATERIALS ........................................................................................ 6
9. CONNECTIONS 6
10. WELDING 7
11. CORRECTION OF ERRORS .............................................................. 7
12. HANDLING AND STORAGE 8
13. ERECTION 8
13.1 General .......................................................................................... 8
13.2 Setting Base Plates 9
13.3 Alignment and Fitting 9
13.4 Erection Tolerances and Requirements ......................................... 9
13.5 Rail Joints 9
14. FLOORING 10
14.1 Steel Floor Checkered Plates and Grating ................................... 10
14.2 Floor Checkered Plate and Grating Penetrations 10
15. STEEL JOISTS 10
16. METAL DECKING FOR FLOORS AND ROOFS .............................. 10
17. SHEAR CONNECTORS 10
18. TOUCH-UP COATING 10
19. INSPECTION .....................................................................................11
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DATE JUN 2004
ENGINEERING STANDARD
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1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers general requirements for the receipt, handling, erection, assembly and field
inspection of structural steel, miscellaneous steel and steel joists. Any conflicts or inconsistencies between
this specification, shop drawings, erection drawings or other contract documents shall be brought to the
attention of the Owner for resolution.
1.2 The term Structural Steel when used herein shall be as defined in the AISC Specification for Steel
Buildings, Chapter A, Subsection A 2.1

2. Applicable Codes And References


The requirements contained in the latest editions of the following standards shall form an integral part of
the requirements of this specification in the manner and to the extent specified herein.
SABIC Engineering Standards (SES)
A01-S02 Painting for Plant Buildings
B05-F02 Lifting Device for Removable Floor Plates
B05-F03 Steel floor Plate, Grating, and Metal Deck Anchorage
B01-G01 Modular and Segmental Construction
B02-S01 Fabrication of Structural Steel
B02-S04 Design, Fabrication and Erection of Pre-engineered Metal Buildings
B02-S05 Fabricated Steel Grating
T01-S01 Paint and Protective Coating
American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
Manual of Steel Construction
Code of Standard Practice for Steel Building and Bridges
Specification for Structural Steel Buildings, Allowable Stress Design and Plastic Design
Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts, approved by Research Council
on Structural Connections of Engineering Foundation
American Society of Testing Material (ASTM)
A36MSpecification for Carbon Structural Steel
A307Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60,000 PSI Tensile Strength
A325MSpecification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
ANSI A10.13Steel Erection - Safety Requirements
American Welding Society (AWS)
AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code -Steel
Steel Deck Institute (SDI)
Design Manual for Composite Decks, Form Decks, Roof Decks and Cellular Deck Floor Systems with
Electrical Distribution
Steel Joist Institute (SJI)
Standard Specifications for Load Tables and Weight Tables for Steel Joists and Joist Girders
Saudi Arabian Standards Organization (SASO)
SSA 313Industrial Safety and Health Regulations- Part 1: Building Facilities
SSA 336Industrial Safety and Health Regulations- Part 8: Welding, Cutting and Brazing
SSA 337Industrial Safety and Health Regulations- Part 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14: Building and Construction
Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC)
PS Guide 12.0Guide to Zinc-Rich Coating System
The requirements of Code of Federal Regulations OSHA Part 1910 and Part 1926, U.S.A., SASO
Industrial Safety and Health Regulations shall apply.
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DATE JUN 2004
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 4 OF 11

3. Definitions
Owner. SABIC and its affiliates who awards the contract to the contractor. SABIC may appoint an
authorized agent.
Seller. The party that is responsible for the erection of the structural and miscellaneous steel. Unless
otherwise noted, the term seller shall apply also to the sellers, subcontractor(s) and / or vendor(s)
Engineer. SABIC authorized representative with overall authority and responsibility for the structural
design, supervision of construction and Quality Control.

4. Quality Control
4.1 The Seller shall be solely responsible for the quality control of all Seller supplied materials, installations,
and workmanship, including those items or installation supplied by any of the Sellers subcontractors or
vendors.
4.2 The Seller shall have a written Quality Control Program and Inspection procedure document which
shall provide details of how compliance with the requirements of this specification and the shop and
erection drawings shall be achieved. The Seller shall maintain a complete up-to-date set of erection
drawings at the jobsite.
4.3 All welding procedures and individual welders shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of
AWS D1.1. Use of prequalified procedures in accordance with AWS D1.1 will be acceptable, provided
certified test results meeting all specification requirements are submitted to and approved by the Engineer.
4.4 All welding inspectors shall be qualified and certified as AWS Certified Welding Inspectors in
accordance with the provisions of AWS D1.1. Welders qualification record shall be submitted to the Owner.
4.5 The Sellers inspector shall inspect all materials, installations, and workmanship of Seller to ensure
conformance with all requirements of this specification and the Contract Documents.
4.6 Engineer shall have the right to inspect all materials, installations, and workmanship supplied by Seller
and shall have unrestricted right of access to Sellers work areas.
4.7 Engineer may reject any improper, inferior, defective, or unsuitable materials, installations, and
workmanship of the seller. Any rejected materials, installation and workmanship shall be repaired or
replaced by Seller per Engineers instruction at no cost to Owner.
4.8 Seller shall provide all inspection tools and shall provide inspection access facilities such as platforms,
ladders, and scaffolds as requested by Engineer.
4.9 Inspection tools and tool calibration records for tools used by Seller shall be maintained and available
for examination by Engineer.

5. Submittals
5.1Seller shall submit the following documents to the Owner for review prior to the start of erection:
a. Safety program
b. Quality Control program and Inspection Procedures
c. Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)
d. Procedure Qualification Records (PQR)
e. Welder(s) qualification records
f. Program for inspections and testing of welding
g. Assembly Lift Plan(s) if required
5.2 If requested by the Owner, Seller shall submit the following documents to Engineer for record purposes:
a. Calibration or recalibration performed on the tools or equipment used by Seller during work
b. Welding test results
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c. Quality control inspections and test results

6. Performance Requirements
6.1 Safety
6.1.1 The safety program shall address the safety measures that the Seller shall use during steel erection
work. The safety program shall comply with the requirements of the contract documents; AISC Manual of
Steel Construction (ASD); AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges; applicable
portions of OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 and Part 1926, SASO Industrial Safety and Health Regulations and
SABIC affiliates.
6.1.2 The sellers safety program shall provide a detailed description of how the seller will prevent injury to
all personnel affected by the Sellers operations. The safety program shall include an effective system for
initial orientation and education in safety and accident prevention, as well as appropriate records to
document compliance. At a minimum, the safety program shall place particular emphasis on the following
aspects:
a. Fall prevention
b. Ground-level preassembly to minimize elevated erection
c. Hole covers and opening barriers
d. Access control to incomplete areas of erection
e. Lifting plans and hoisting procedures
6.2 Assembly Lift Plan
The Seller is responsible for assuring that all preassemblies that are not specifically shown or noted on the
design drawings to be preassembled before lifting will maintain structural integrity during lifting.
6.2.1 A written assembly lift plan shall be prepared for assemblies larger than 50 feet (15 meters) in one
direction, larger than, 2,000 square feet (186 square meters) in the plan area, greater than 50 tons, or
when required by the contract documents. The assembly lift plan shall demonstrate that the proposed lift
shall be performed safely and that the assemblies being lifted will remain free from distortion or undue
bending and will maintain structural integrity during the lift.
6.2.2 The assembly lift plan shall contain detailed data on the extent of the lifted assembly, its weights, the
structural calculations that prove structural stability of the assembled components during lifting operations,
verification of the capacity capabilities for any cranes utilized in the lift, location and positioning of the
cranes, and a description of the rigging to be utilized.
6.2.3 Review of the assembly lift plan by the Owner does not relieve the seller of responsibility required for
the safe erection and/ or lifting of any component, structural assembly, or any other item under the control
of the seller.

7. General
7.1 The seller shall furnish sufficient copies of the documents referenced in Section 2.0 of this
Specification at the project site for use by installer, workmen, inspector, etc. during erection operations.
7.2 The seller shall, at all times, be responsible for the adequacy and installation of any temporary bracing
or guy cables required to counteract loadings imposed during erection. This responsibility shall also
extend to temporary bracing required to ensure safe and stable conditions of partially completed structural
assemblies.
7.3 The structure shall be plumbed, leveled and braced before any final bolted or welded connections are
made.
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DATE JUN 2004
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8. Materials
8.1 All materials supplied by the Seller shall conform to project specification UES 00-B-0003 Fabrication of
Structural Steel unless otherwise noted in Contract Documents.
8.2 Welding electrodes for field welding shall conform to AWS Specification A5.1, Low Hydrogen Electrode
E 7018.
8.3 Electrodes for flux cored arc welding (FCAW) process shall meet the requirements of AWS A5.20.
Classifications EXXT-1, EXXT-5, or EXXT-8 may be used subject to brand approval by the Owner.
8.4 Shim plates for setting column bases shall conform to ASTM A36.

9. Connections
9.1 Connections shall be as indicated on the erection drawings and as specified herein.
9.2 Field welded connections shall be permitted only where shown on the erection drawings, or previously
approved by the Owner.
9.3 All field connections shall be bolted unless specifically noted otherwise on the erection drawings. Bolts
for field connections and related design of joints shall conform with the following:
a. ASTM A307 bolted joints for ladders, handrails, toe plates, posts, stair stringers, removable floor
and platform members, purlins and girts.
b. ASTM A325 bolted joints for all other framing connections.
9.4 Where structural joints are made using high-strength bolt assemblies, the materials, methods of
installation, tension control, types of wrenches to be used and inspection methods shall conform to the
AISC Specification for Structural Joints using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts and the contract document.
9.5 All connections shall be "bearing-type connections", unless otherwise shown or noted on the erection
drawings. The allowable loads shall be based on all bolts having threads in the shear plane.
9.6 Bolts shall be tightened by the turn-of-nut method conforming to the requirements of specifications for
structural joints using ASTM A325 bolts, per AISC manual. When DTI washers are used, all high strength
bolts shall be installed with section 8d(4) of Direct Tension Indicator tightening of the specification for
structural joints using ASTM A 325 or A 490 bolts.
9.7 Slip critical connections, where noted on the erection drawings, shall be installed in accordance with
provisions of AISC Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 bolts.
9.7.1 When assembled, all joint surfaces, including those adjacent to the bolt heads, nuts or washers, shall
be free of burrs, dirt and other foreign material that would prevent solid seating of parts.
9.7.2 Engineer will observe operations for the installation and tightening of bolts to determine whether the
work is being performed properly, and will inspect the nut surface for indication of wrench impact. Bolt
tension will be checked, at Owners discretion, with an Inspector's Wrench in accordance with the
applicable provisions of Section 8 of the AISC Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 bolts.
9.8 ASTM A490/A490M and Galvanized A 325 bolts shall not be reused. Mechanically galvanized bolts
and nuts shall not be intermixed with hot-dip galvanized bolts and nuts.
9.9 Unless otherwise noted on the erection drawings, slotted connections shall be double shear type. Field
assembly shall insure a snug fit condition. Nut shall be drawn finger tight. Bolt threads shall be peened to
ensure against nut back off.
9.10 M20 diameter (3/4-inch), ASTM A325 high strength bolts shall be used as a minimum, unless
otherwise shown or noted on the erection drawings.
9.11 Where A 307 bolt assemblies are used for connecting appurtenances (i.e. handrail assemblies,
ladder, gates etc.) to structural steel members, the bolts shall be tightened to snug tight condition.
9.12 All gusset and stiffener plates shall be 10 mm minimum thickness unless noted otherwise on the
erection drawings.
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9.13 When pretensioned bolts or slip critical connections are specified, minimum three bolt assemblies
from each lot shall be tested by Seller at the job site or an independent laboratory for specified pretension
in accordance with Commentary on Specifications for Structural Joints using ASTM A 325 or A 490 bolts.
This requirement is applicable regardless of project installation requirements.
9.14 The seller shall color code, die punch or otherwise mark the ends of the torqued bolts indicating that
the bolts have been properly tensioned and are ready for inspection.
9.15 If alternate design bolts are used, they shall meet the requirements of the Specification for Joints
using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts, Section 2d.

10. Welding
10.1 Welding shall conform to AWS D 1.1.
10.2 All welding shall be performed by the manual shielded metal-arc (SMAW), submerged-arc (SAW)
welding processes or the flux cored-arc (FCAW) welding process utilizing self shielding gas.
10.3 Each weld shall be uniform in width and size throughout its full length. Each layer of welding shall be
smooth and free of slag, cracks, pinholes and undercut, and shall be completely fused to the adjacent
weld beads and base metal. In addition, the cover pass shall be free of coarse ripples, high crown, deep
ridges and valleys between the beads, and shall blend smoothly and gradually into the surface of the
base metal.
10.4 Butt welds shall be slightly convex, of uniform height, and shall have full penetration.
10.5 Fillet welds shall be of specified size with full throat and the legs of uniform length. Weld size shall be
minimum of 5 mm where not specified.
10.6 Repair, chipping, or grinding of welds shall be done in such a manner as not to gouge, groove, or
reduce the base metal thickness.
10.7 Nondestructive testing of full penetration butt welds, in accordance with the provisions of Article 6.7 of
AWS D1.1, shall be performed when directed by Owner.
10.8 Use of the "short arc" mode for the gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process shall be subject to
approval by the Engineer and shall not be considered for base material thicknesses greater than 10 mm or
for service temperatures less than 0C.

11. Correction of Errors


11.1 Fit-up bolts and drift pins shall not be used to bring improperly fabricated members and parts into
place (springing). Drift pins shall not be driven with such a force as to injure adjacent metal areas.
11.2 When approved by the Engineer, the Seller may enlarge standard holes by 1/6 in (1 mm) when
necessary to make connections resulting from minor misfit. Holes in connections that misfit by more than
1/16 inch (1 mm) shall be corrected as directed by the Engineer.
11.3 Enlargement of holes shall be made by reaming or drilling only. Flame cutting, burning gouging,
chipping, or drift punching shall not be permitted
11.4 No packing, shimming, filling, or wedging shall be permitted to correct faulty work unless approved by
the Engineer.
11.5 One filler plate up to 1/8 inch (3 mm) thickness may be used as required in spaces between members
to be bolted. The engineer of records approval shall be required for filler plate requirements greater than
1/8 inch (3 mm)
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12. Handling and Storage


12.1 Seller shall receive, unload, sort and store all materials to be erected at the jobsite in a designated
area on aboveground platforms, skids or other supports in such a manner that any deformation or damage
of shape, plate etc. shall be avoided.
12.2 Seller shall protect galvanized surfaces prior to erection against damage.
12.3 Seller shall inspect all materials to be erected for damage at the time of unloading and just before
commencing the erection and submit written reports to the Owner. Any damage occurring during or after
unloading shall be the Sellers responsibility to repair as directed by the Owner.

13. Erection
13.1 General
13.1.1 Unless otherwise specified or shown on the erection drawings and shop details, erection of
structural steel shall conform to AISC Specification for Structural Steel for Buildings, Allowable Stress
Design and Plastic Design; the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges; OSHA 29
CFR Part 1910 and Part 1926; and any requirements of SASO Industrial Safety and Health Regulations.
13.1.2 The Seller shall optimize the rigging plan in detail for various columns and other heavy lifts.
13.1.3 Erection of steel joists shall conform to the requirements of SJI, AISC Standard Specifications for
steel joists, the joist manufacturer and OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R.
13.1.3.1 Bracing and bridging connection shall be bolted unless otherwise noted. Rod bracing shall not be
spliced by welding.
13.1.3.2 The Seller shall make no modifications or repairs to joists without prior written approval of the
Engineer.
13.1.3.3 Use of power driven actuated fasteners in the diagonal and bottom chord members of the joist is
not permitted.
13.1.4 Field correction of fabricated steel by gas cutting is not permitted without prior approval of the
Owner.
13.1.5 Erection details specified in SES B01-G01 Modular and Segmental Construction, including details
outlined in the attached figures shall be complied with.
13.1.6 Any circumstances discovered by the Seller that affect progression, performance, or completion of
the Sellers work activities such as discrepancies between the erection / shop drawings and the delivered
steel members, incorrectly fabricated steel members, or incomplete or unacceptable work of other
contractors affecting the Sellers work shall be immediately reported to the Owner in writing.
13.1.7 Temporary erection loads or permanent loads shall not be placed on any incomplete portions of the
structure being erected unless the seller can demonstrate by analysis that the contemplated action is safe.
13.1.8 Loose timbers, metal sheeting, bolt buckles, tools, debris, and temporary scaffolding shall be kept
restrained or removed from work areas. The seller shall be responsible for securing all equipment and
materials within the sellers care, custody, and control during the erection operation.
13.1.9 The seller shall maintain the job site in a clean and safe condition at all times and shall properly
dispose of, off the premises, all crating, waste materials, and other refuse that has accumulated as a result
of the sellers activities under this practice.
13.1.10 Lifting of painted structural members shall be done with a nonabrasive choker.
13.1.11 The seller shall keep a daily record, by piece number, of all material erected.
13.1.12 Before commencing work, the erector shall check foundations and other connection points to
confirm their location, orientation, elevation and condition.
13.1.13 Erection of steel deck shall conform to the requirements of the Steel Deck Institute (SDI), the deck
manufacturer and OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R.
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13.2 Setting Base Plates


13.2.1 Seller shall clean the top of bearing surfaces and the bottom of base plates.
13.2.2 Column base plates shall be set and shimmed to correct positions and elevation shown on the
erection drawing using four (4) shim packs, one (1) at each corner of the baseplate. Use of leveling nut is
not permitted. Shims and wedges shall be provided by the Seller.
13.2.3 Grouting and foundation bolt installation is not within the scope of this specification. The erection of
other portions of structural steel shall commence only when grouting and anchors have obtained sufficient
strength to adequately support all the loads imposed due to the erection operation. Temporary bracings
and/or guys shall be provided to retain the column in position during this period.
13.3 Alignment and Fitting
13.3.1 Each part of a structure shall be properly aligned before completing field connections.
13.3.2 All members in completed frames shall be true to line and free from bends, twists, and open joints.
13.3.3 Fit-up bolts and drift pins shall not be used to bring improperly fabricated members and parts into
place thus causing unaccounted for stress on bolts in finished work. Drift pins shall not be driven with
such force as to damage the adjacent metal.
13.3.4 No packing, shimming, or wedging shall be permitted to correct faulty work, unless previously
approved by the Owner.
13.3.5 Minor misfitting, which shall be remedied by a moderate amount of reaming and slight cutting and
chipping, may be corrected by the Seller when, in the opinion of the Engineer, it will not be detrimental to
the strength or appearance of the structure. All shop errors shall be reported to the Engineer and the
proposed method of correction shall be submitted to the Owner for approval.
13.3.6 Damage caused by handling during erection shall be reported to the Engineer. Corrective
measures shall be completed by and at the expense of the Seller as directed by the Owner.
13.3.7 Fastening of splices of compression members shall be done after the abutting surfaces have been
brought completely into contact. Splices shall be permitted only where indicated on the erection drawing.
13.3.8 Erection bolts used in welded construction shall be tightened securely and left in place.
13.4 Erection Tolerances and Requirements
13.4.1 Erection tolerances shall be in accordance with AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings
and Bridges, and the specific requirements of this specification.
13.4.2 Unless otherwise shown, runways for electric overhead cranes shall not exceed the following
tolerance limitations:
13.4.2.1 Lateral Tolerance:
Plus or minus 6 mm in center distance between two (2) crane rails; plus or minus 12 mm maximum
deviation of the rail center lines per 15 m of runway.
13.4.2.2 Vertical Tolerance:
Plus or minus 6 mm from the elevation shown at the top of the rail, in the unloaded condition, per 15 m of
runway.
13.5 Rail Joints
Rail joints shall be tight and provide for a smooth transfer of the wheel from one rail to another.
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14. Flooring
14.1 Steel Floor Checkered Plates and Grating
14.1.1 All panels of galvanized floor checkered plate and removable panels of painted floor plate shall be
fastened per SES B05-F03. Shop-fabricated floor checkered plate shall be shop drilled. Matching holes in
floor framing shall be field drilled. For installation of galvanized checkered plate not previously drilled,
provide bolting at 600 mm minimum centers around perimeter and over supports in interior.
14.1.2 Grating fasteners to structural steel supports shall be per SES B05-F03. Two (2) fasteners per
panel shall be used at each support with a minimum of four (4) per panel. Main bars and crossbars of
adjacent sections shall be in line.
14.1.3 Joints in floor panels shall occur only over supports. Notching of bearing bars at supports to
maintain elevations is not permitted.
14.2 Floor Checkered Plate and Grating Penetrations
All penetrations required for piping, ducts etc., shown on the erection drawings shall be shop cut and
banded with toe plate. Field penetrations are permitted only with prior approval of the Owner.

15. Steel Joists


15.1 Field welding of bolting joists to supporting steel framework shall be in accordance with the SJI
specifications for the type of joist used, the erection / shop drawings, and other contract documents.
15.2 The seller shall make no modifications or repairs to steel joists without prior written approval of the
engineer of record.
15.3 Use of power-driven or powder-actuated fasteners in the diagonal and bottom chord members of the
joists is not permitted.

16. Metal Decking for Floors and Roofs


16.1 Floor and roof deck sheets shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturers installation
instructions and the contract documents.
16.2 The seller shall repair all sags, deformations, holes, and other irregularities.
16.3 Where damage has occurred to shop-applied coatings on metal decking, field touch-up shall be in
accordance with the manufacturers recommendations.

17. Shear Connectors


17.1 All shear stud attachments shall be welded in strict accordance with the manufacturers
recommendations for welding procedure and welding equipment.
17.2 When two or more stud welding guns are operated from the same power source, the seller shall
interlock the guns so that only one gun can be operated at a time to ensure that the power source has fully
recovered from making one weld before another weld is started.
17.3 All ceramic insulators shall be removed from the base of the studs after welding.

18. Touch-up Coating


18.1 Damage to galvanizing and weldments to galvanized material, shall be repaired in accordance with
ASTM A 780.
18.2 For painted steel surfaces where paint was omitted for field welding or field bolting or where damage
has occurred subsequent to shop painting, such surfaces shall be repaired, cleaned and painted in
accordance with provisions of SES T01-S01 and A01-S02. All galvanized bolt assemblies tightened
against shop-applied paint shall be painted
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19. Inspection
Owner reserves the right to inspect the erection operations at any time for conformance with the
requirements of this specification, including but not limited to checking for plumbness, high strength
bolting, field welds and touch-up coating.
All items found in non-compliance with this specification as determined by the Owner shall be promptly
replaced by the Sellers expense.