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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Welcome to the site where you can find out everything you Facts about STDs
need to know aboutContracting STDs,Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, HPV
(pdf)
and Hepatitis B, HIV/AIDs, and all Other Types of STDs

General Facts About STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases (also called STDs, or STIs for sexually transmitted
infections) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through
sexual contact. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there
are over 15 million cases of sexually transmitted disease cases reported annually in
the United States. There are more than 25 diseases that are transmitted through
sexual activity. Other than HIV, the most common STDs in the United States are
chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B,
trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis. Adolescents and young adults are the age
groups at the greatest risk for acquiring an STD. Approximately 19 million new
infections occur each year, almost half of them among people ages 15 to 24.

Some STDs can have severe consequences, especially in women, if not treated,
which is why it is so important to go for STD testing. Some STDs can lead to pelvic
inflammatory disease, which can cause infertility, while others may even be fatal.
STDs can be prevented by refraining from sexual activity, and to a certain extent,
some contraceptive devices, such as condoms.

Specific STDs: An Overview


Human Papilloma Virus:The human papilloma virus is thought HUMAN PAPILLOMA
to be one of the main causes of cervical cancer. It has also been VIRUS
About HPV
linked with other types of cancers of the female reproductive HPV Symptoms
system. While HPV can be treated to reduce the signs and HPV Treatments
symptoms, there is currently no cure for this virus. However, the Cervical Cancer
HPV vaccine has recently been developed to prevent HPV HPV Vaccine
infection.

Herpes Virus:Herpes is another STD that presently has no cure. HERPES SIMPLEX 2
However, treatment is available and there are a number of things Herpes Overview
Herpes Symptoms
you can do yourself at home to help relieve your genital herpes, Natural Treatment
as well as natural herpes treatment. Herpes symptoms include Herpes Treatments
blisters or sores that periodically break out on the genitals. Take Herpes FAQ
a look at our FAQs on genital herpes to learn even more about
this uncomfortable STD.

Hepatitis: Although there is no cure for those already infected, HEPATITIS


there is now a Hepatitis B (HBV) vaccine available to prevent the About Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B Symptoms
spread of this infection. Many are asymptomatic, however those Hepatitis B Treatment
who do suffer from Hepatitis B symptoms may have many Hepatitis A
unpleasant discomforts. Even though there is a possibility that the
infection will clear up on its own, some people suffer from chronic
infections for many years. Treatment is available for chronic
sufferers. Other types of hepatitis infections that can be passed
through sexual contact include Hepatitis A and Hepatitis C.

HIV/AIDS: One STD that many people are worried about getting HUMAN IMMUNO-
is HIV. While new ways of treating this infection can significantly DEFICIENCY VIRUS
About HIV
prolong an infected person's life, for far too many people this HIV Symptoms
infection eventually progresses to AIDS and, ulitmately, death. HIV Treatment
More than 40 million people worldwide are infected with the HIV HIV Testing
virus; women account for 50% of those infected. Recently, HIV Prevention
HIV and Microbicides
studies have found a link between the use of hormonal birth
HIV & Pregnancy
control and HIV. In the US, African Americans account for a HIV and Birth Control
disproportionate number of HIV cases. Many people may not HIV/AIDS & African
realize they are infected, as the HIV virus is often asymptomatic Americans
for the first few years. HIV testing is the only sure way to know if
you are infected. However, you can take steps to help prevent the
infection. Find out about a new method that could prevent an HIV
infection in women using the cervical cap and microbicides.

Syphilis: Throughout history, cases of syphilis have been SYPHILIS


About Syphilis
recorded. While this STD has not always been effectively dealt
Syphilis Symptoms
with, nowadays, syphilis can easily be treated and cured. Syphilis Treatment
However, as history has shown, without treatment, syphilis
symptoms can progress and affect the nervous system and brain
leading to dementia and even death.

Trichomoniasis:Trichomoniasis is one of the most common, TRICHOMONIASIS


curable STDs out there. However, symptoms of trich may be About Trichomoniasis
Trich Symptoms
mistaken for a yeast infection causing a women to use the wrong Trich Treatment
type of treatment for her vaginal discharge.

Common Infections:Chlamydia and gonorrhea often infect a CHLAMYDIA &


GONORRHEA
person at the same time. Although the symptoms of chlamydia
About Chlamydia
are different from gonorrhea symptoms, it is not unusual for a Chlamydia Symptoms
person to be asymptomatic. If you are testing for chlamydia, it Chlamydia Testing
may be a good idea to also test for gonorrhea at the same time. About Gonorrhea
Both STDs can be cured but can also do damage to your Gonorrhea Symptoms
Gonorrhea Testi
reproductive system if left untreated.

Pubic Lice: A very common STD, crabs are very similar to head PUBIC LICE
About Crabs
lice. While the itchy symptoms can be hard to miss, treatment for
Crab Symptoms
pubic lice can easily take care of the discomfort these pests can Crab Treatment
cause.

Rare Infections: Some STDs, like granuloma inguinale and RARE STDS
Granuloma Inguinale
chancroid, are not so well known in North America, but that
Chancroid
doesn't mean your not at risk of contracting these infections. Nongonococcal
Other lesser-talked about STDs include nongonococcal urethritis, Urethritis
molluscum contagiosum, and lymphogranuloma venereum. Lymphogranuloma
Venereum
Molluscum
Contagiosum

Make No Mistake:Sometimes STD symptoms can be confused with mononucleosis.


Characterized by a fever, sore throat, and extreme weakness, mono is a viral
infection that needs to be treated right away. If you think you have the illness, seek
mono treatment as soon as possible. Also, yeast infection can cause painful itching
and burning, and can even be transmitted sexually.

Find out more about how you can learn how to identify if you have an STD.

http://www.epigee.org/guide/stds.html

Diunduh : 11 April 2003