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TEHREEK-E-KHATM-E-NUBUWWAT 1974 (Akhbarat k idariye)
&TAHQEEQ O TALEEF : MUHAMMAD SAQIB RAZA QADRI
Dar-ul-Noman, August& September 2017 , PP.352


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( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
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( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
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- 262

The Pakistan Times, Karachi


263 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

Fair and Correct Process


July 02, 1974

As promised to the nation by Prime Minister Bhutto, the


National Assembly has taken up the Qadiani issue immediately after
the completion of business relating to the Budget. The mal-contents
who with obvious motives were insinuating that the Bhutto
Government was going to back out of its commitments, or trying to
play for time, stand exposed. A decisive process to permanently
resolve the 80 year old controversy has now started, and it is by any
reckoning a fair and legitimate process. The task of discussing "the
question of the status in Islam of persons who do not believe in the
finality of the prophet hood of Muhammad (Peace be upon him)" has
been assigned to the highest forum in the country -the entire
National Assembly will function as a Special Committee. Besides
meeting the constitutional and political requirements of the issue this
formula will make for flexibility of procedure; this would not have
been possible under the normal rules of open National Assembly
sessions.
The process initiated by the Law Minister on Sunday is also in
harmony with the dictates of unity and discipline. Before making his
proposal to the National Assembly Mr. Pirzada sought a brief
adjournment for Government-Opposition consultations and thus a
broad consensus was achieved. This unanimity underscored, on the
one hand, the absence of any real differences on the essential issue
and, on the other hand, an encouraging realization of the perils of
pursuing partisan course on such sensitive questions. The Prime
Minister's pledge that he would not make it a party issue was
reinforced by the proposal that the Committee of the House would
not have full quorum if less than 10 members of the Opposition were
present. Further, despite the fact that the terms of reference for the
Committee were specific and comprehensive, the government party
did not oppose the resolution that the Opposition members tabled in
( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
- 264
the Open House. These gestures on the part of the Government,
which re-affirm its faith in Khatm-i-Nabuwat and democratic
principles, must be reciprocated in the same spirit by the Opposition
both inside and outside the National Assembly. As Mr. Abdul Hafeez
Pirzada said, all agitation and controversy on the issue outside the
Committee should cease. There is no need for any such activity now
because if anybody sincerely wishes to contribute anything to the
task of the Special Committee he can do so through its members.
Besides, the functions of the Committee include "examination of
witnesses and perusal of documents." Moreover, any public agitation
now would only impair the national image, distract common people
from their productive pursuits and even vitiate the climate of amity
which is necessary to enable the Committee to fulfill its delicate
assignment. The supreme interests of the people demand that the
whole issue should be quickly put out of the way and with as much
dignity and sobriety as responsible Muslims must display.
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( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
- 266

A Duty to Islam
July 14, 1974

Occasional signs of restiveness notwithstanding, the people


have by and large maintained an attitude of positive restraint over
the Qadiani issue, especially since.the question was taken up by the
N a t i o n a l A s s e m b l y. T h e c o m m o n m a n h a s r e s p o n d e d
wholeheartedly to the appeal that all agiatational activities should
cease so that the National Assembly could deal with the matter in an
atmosphere free from tension and recri..nation. However, some
sections have lately made attempts to start a social boycott of the
Qadianis. At places some over-zealous but plainly misguided,
elements have even tried to prevent people from going to the
Qadiani shops and forbidden shopkeepers to all provisions to the
Qadianis. As Prime Minister Bhutto declared at his public meeting in
Dir the other day, such a boycott of the Qadianis (or any other group
of people for that matter) cannot be justified in any way. Whatever
the ultimate verdict on the status of the Qadianis, their rights as
citizens of Pakistan are inviolable as those of any other class of
citizens. They will enjoy all the freedoms guaranteed by the
Constitution to all people, regardless of their caste, creed or color.
That the boycott call should be issued by those who carry the
banner of Khatm-i-Nabuwwat is astounding. As Muslims they can
hardly forget the ideals of tolerance and forgiveness set by the
Prophet of Islam when he did not retaliate even against his worst
tormentors and only prayed for their salvation. A Muslim cannot be
true to his faith if he is not a good human being, if he does not
respect human life, if he does not alleviate the sufferings of fellow
men, and if he does not resist oppression in any form even if the
oppressor is his own brother. When the whole world was steeped in
medieval barbarism and the Western concept of the dignity of man
was no t e ve n bo rn , t he Mu slim S ta te s ha d a bo lish ed a ll
discrimination; they protected the basic human rights of even the
267 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

non-believers. The people of Pakistan cannot allow a f ew


feeble-minded folk to spoil this glorious Islamic tradition of peace,
tolerance and humanitarianism. We fervently hope that wherever the
over-zealous try to transgress the bounds of sanity, there will be men
of wisdom and charitable disposition who would persuade them not
to be un-true to their faith. It is a duty enjoined upon them by Islam.

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- 268

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269 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

Verdict on Ahmadis
September 09, 1974

The latest constitutional amendment settling the Ahmadiya


issue has won Mr. Bhutto an abiding place in history. It is a wholly
representative and unanimous decision arrived at by impeccable
constitutional processes by the National Assembly. It is remarkable
t h a t t h e p ro l o n ge d d isc u ssi o n s h a ve p ro ce e d e d wit h o u t
procrastination and been attended by free discussion and full
realization of individual and collective responsibility. The
parliamentary debates have naturally been held at secret sessions.
There is all the reason why their secrecy should be respected and
maintained as long as necessary. The national consensus on this
question could prove a harbinger of national reconciliation on other
issues. The hope expressed by Mr. Bhutto deserves wholehearted
response.
Those unhappy over the decision have cause to give serious
thought to the considerations urged by the Prime Minister. The issue
had generated lasting feuds and endemic outbreaks of violence over
the greater part of the century. The stage had been reached when
the domestic strife, poisoning private and personal and even wider
economic and political relationships, had created serious
implications for national security. A lasting settlement was imperative
in the interests of the nation as a whole and the Ahmadiya minority
in particular. It has to be seriously considered whether perpetual
uncertainty and bitterness were preferable to more formal
recognition of the dividing line that has always existed.
Any misgivings that the latest legislation might create among
the sections directly affected should be set at rest by the Prime
Minister's assurance emphasizing his government's determination to
guarantee fundamental rights, religious liberty, freedom from
harassment, humiliation and vandalism for all communities in
Pakistan. Provision for their representation in legislatures should
give them a sense of security and full confidence that they will have
( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
- 270
the necessary forum and opportunity to raise their voice in defense
of their rights and for redress of their grievances. To think in terms of
social un-touchability, economic sanctions and exclusion from
opportunity is not called for. Mr. Bhutto has recalled the historic
traditions of Islamic tolerance towards the Jews who found a ready
asylum in Muslim lands, when they were being hounded out of one
European country after another. The virtue has co-existed in Muslim
society along with impatience of heresy.
One more point has to be stressed. The Ahmadis are a highly
organized, disciplined and vocal community, which will have its own
reactions. Their proselytizing activities extend over countries far and
near. Pakistan's verdict on them will not be understood in Muslim
countries. Some of them have even refused to accept diplomatic
representatives of real or suspected Ahmadiya beliefs. Ahmadiya
propagndists have been able to win non-Muslim converts as well as
sympathizers, particularly in the western world. That makes it just
not enough to have made a decision, but also to explain it to the
outside world to combat deep rooted prejudice against Pakistan,
wherever it exists. In other words, Pakistan should not find itself on
the defensive in the propaganda field.
Finally, it is worth repeating that the decision reflects the will of
the whole people expressed through the unanimous vote of their
elected representatives and has been made possible, as the Prime
Minister told the National Assembly, on Saturday, by the existence of
democratic institutions in the country. The mature and responsible
way in which a potentially inflammable issue has been handled and
disposed of by the Prime Minister and Parliament is a tribute to both.
Mr. Bhutto has fulfilled the promise he made to the nation on June
13 (1974) and in the course of only three months has succeeded in
settling an issue that had ignited endless controversy and conflict for
nearly a century. A long and ugly chapter has thus been finally
closed. Any attempt now to reopen it in one form or another must be
stoutly resisted both by the people and the Government.

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- 272

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- 274

DAWN, Karachi
275 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

An Historic Decision
September 10, 1974

An old controversy which posed a threat to public peace and


tranquility and was not without elements of delicacy and complexity
has at last been got out of the way. The resolution of the Qadiani
question by Parliament, in conformity with the sentiments and
aspirations of the people of Pakistan, is a matter of historic
significance. For about 90 years the issue has been in existence like
a volcano, sometimes dormant, sometimes active, but never extinct.
It is of very great significance that the issue should have been
settled in a constitutional manner and through a unanimous verdict
delivered by the representatives of the people. Thus when the
National Assembly and the Senate passed the Constitution (Second
Amendment) Bill declaring that non-believers in the absolute and
un-qualified finality of the Prophet hood of Muhammad (Peace be
upon Him) would be excluded from the fold of Islam not only was a
painful chapter of religious controversy closed but a glorious
example laid down for future reference and emulation. The manner
in which the decision was taken augurs well for the growth of
democracy in the country. Constitutionality is the breath of life in a
democracy. The same decision coming as an official decree would
not have meant the same thing. Prime Minister Zulfaqar Ali Bhutto
deserved our praise and gratitude for first facing the issue boldly and
then submitting it to the country's supreme sovereign body.
The achievement of unanimity by the National Assembly which
functioned for several weeks as a Special Committee of the Whole
House is a matter of great significance. Though it conducted its
proceedings in camera, its deliberations were held against the
background of a intense national upheaval. This began with the
Rabwah incident at the end of May and then spread, to quote the
Prime Minister, like "a prairie fire". There was loss of life and
property. Truly this eruption was rooted in emotions which had been
( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
- 276
suppressed for long and the time had come when the devout
followers of Islam could stand it no longer. It was wise on the part of
the Government to decide not to delay it further. As the Prime
Minister said, human ingenuity could always devise some method of
postponing decisions, and this could be tried once more. For the
logical decision needed great courage and strong conviction. It
should be a matter of pride for us that the Government and the
elected representatives of the people have demonstrated that
courage and that conviction. But it certainly was not an easy task
taking into account, as Mr. Bhutto said, the many ramifications of the
decision in political and economic spheres as well as in matters
involving the security of the state. He was not over stating a bit when
he called it the most difficult decision in the history of Pakistan. Why
it was very necessary was summarized by him when he said that the
basis of Pakistan is Islam and "if a decision were taken which body
of Muslims in this country feels to be against the tenets or the
fundamental beliefs of Islam, it would dangerously affect the
rationale and raison d'etre of Pakistan."
Leading Ulema, who had led the campaign to keep Qadianis
out of the fold of Islam, have welcomed the decision whole-heartedly
and called it significant not only in the history of Pakistan but also of
Islam. It is now partly their responsibility to see that the Qadianis,
who have now been declared a minority, are treated in the true spirit
of Islam. The life, property and honor of the Qadianis are as much a
sacred trust as the life, property and honor of other minorities. It is
the duty of the Government to ensure that the rights of every citizen
are fully protected. The Prime Minister has emphasized it in no
uncertain manner that his Government was determined to ensure full
protection to all communities and guarantee them all fundamental
rights enshrined in the Constitution. Besides the fundamental rights,
the Qadianis like all minorities also deserve religious and natural
rights. All kinds of social discrimination and boycott must come to an
immediate end. Those not well disposed towards Pakistan can be
expected to try to represent this decision to the world at large as one
which proceeded from narrow mindedness and bigotry. The designs
of such peddlers of calumny can be frustrated if both the elites and
277 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

the common people live up to the glorious Islamic tradition of


tolerance and respect for the brother hood of all mankind. Lastly,
there are also lessons for us in the manner in which the decision was
reached. It will be a good augury for national unity if the same spirit
of accommodation and concern for consensus is brought to bear
upon the discussion and resolution of other vital national issues.

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- 300

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- 302

The Muslim(Daily)

A Positive Step
April 29, 1984

The promulgation of the Presidential Ordinance placing curbs


on the activities of the Qadianis is a timely action which should set at
rest the controversy surrounding this issue in recent months.
Passions has been excited and public opinion mobilised. That this
Ordinance was necessitated a f ull decade af ter the 1974
Constitutional Amendment, which declared the Qadianis to be
non-Muslim through a vote of the popularly elected National
Assembly, clearly underlines the lacuna and the dichotomies on an
issue which agitates the peoples' minds. It would have been in the
fitness of things if the ambiguities had been cleared once and for all
so as not to give an opportunity for a repetition of violence or provide
an opportunity to those vested interests who may use this as an
excuse for a witch hunt.
In keeping with its own logic and the wishes of its Muslim
masses, the government will be well advised to exercise its writ and
remove all road-blocks on the path of Islamisation. However, it
needs to be understood that Ordinances or regulations cannot be
the best manifestation of translating in to practice what happen to be
popular sentiments. For this, there has to be a mass-oriented,
democratic process, which springs from the grass roots. It must
have the consensus of scholars and personages from all schools of
Islamic thought. This is the need of the hour, not only in the case of
the Qadiani question, but for other issues as well so that whatever is
done should be with proper, popular and constitutional sanction
within the due process of law.
This step should go a long way to defuse tensions and to
remove doubts and ambiguities on this score. At this stage in our
303 ( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z ) Y 1974 ]tq
-

history, given the difficult situation around the borders, we are


confronted with complex political problems and much pressure from
various sources. Any other problem which leads to further tension
will not be conducive either to the objective of promoting Islamisation
of the country or in leading towards the cherished goal of a
democratic Pakistan. The important thing to under line in this
situation is that steps be undertaken with conviction and not as
tactical moves on an ad hoc basis.The primary determinant to
sustain and strengthen such steps must be the full force of a national
consensus.

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- 304

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( ] Zg&bg Z Zbgz] Zg Z )Y 1974 ]tq
- 310

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- 314

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