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A R C H I T E C T U R A L

J O U R N A L
2017|03|NO. 582


Front Cover The Ocean Center of Tsinghua University
Iwan Baan
Photo Iwan Baan

Specially Invited Academic Supportive Institutions



Architectural Colleges

School of Architecture, Tsinghua University
School of Architecture, Southeast University

College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University
School of Architecture, Tianjin University

Design Institutions

China Architecture Design Group
Beijing Institute of Architectural Design Co., Ltd.
Arcplus Group PLC
China Northwest Architecture Design and
Research Institute Co., Ltd.

ChinaSouthwestArchitecturalDesignandResearch
InstituteCorp.Ltd
Architects & Engineers Co., Ltd. of Southeast University
Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.
Architectural Design & Research Institute of SCUT
()
InstituteofArchitectureDesignandPlanningCo.,Ltd,

Nanjing University
Shenzhen General Institute of Architectural Design and
Research Co., Ltd.
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1 Focus: Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity 85 Deduction of Design Teaching: A Case Study of the Architecture Building at
1 Garden in a Garden: Geoffrey Bawa and His Homeopathic Design Method Melbourne University
> Jin Qiuye > Ling Jie

6 The Courtyard of Geoffrey Bawa 90 Between Tradition and Innovation


> Dong Yugan An Analysis of the Design Process of the Extension of Banca della Svizzera Italiana
13 A Study of Geoffrey Bawa's Sectional Design in Switzerland
> Ge Ming, Chen Jieping > Zhang Jie, Guo Liaohui

18 From Restrictions to Connections 95 A Methodological Exploration of Converting Old Residences into Facilities
An Elementary Analysis of Roofs in Geoffrey Bawa's Projects of Community Endowment
> Yue Jie > Xu Zhiqiu, Hu Huiqin

22 Combining Architecture with Terrain 102 A Comparative Study on the Facilities for the Aged Between China and
A Study on Geoffrey Bawas Design Methods the UK
> Wang Junmei > Mu Jingyi, Kang Jian

27 A Quinquelateral Talk of Invited Guests: The Traditional and the Modern of


Geoffrey Bawa 107 Architectural Technology
107 Synergetic System Design for Sustainable Architecture of

34 Works the Next Generation


34 The Ocean Center of Tsinghua University | OPEN Architecture | Arno Schlueter, Adam Rysanek

43 A Vertically Interactive Campus in a High-rise Laboratory 110 An Acoustic Study of The Assessment Standards for Green Buildings
Architect Li Hu Speaks of the Design Process of the Ocean Center of Tsinghua Dai Jinghua, Zhou Dian, Zhang Dongdong

University 114 An Analysis of the Use of Air Conditioners in Summer in Beijing


> Liu Dongyang, Li Hu Liu Bin, Niu Runping, Wei Shen

50 The Mountainous Hotel of Septuor 118 Thermal Comfort of Office Buildings During Transitional Seasons in
| Shanghai Pro-Form Architectural Design Consultants Co., Ltd. | Severely Cold Regions
56 Skeleton and Experience Xing Kai, Shao Yu, Sun Huixuan

Architectural Renovation of the Mountainous Hotel of Septuor


> Wang Fangji, Dong Xiao 123 Information
60 Shangsi'an Cottage | genarchitects | 123 The Architectural Society of China Approves Five Institutions of Base for
67 Remaking and Re-Depicting a Waterside Village Scientific Popularization, etc.
A Comment of the Newly Built Shangsian Cottage by genarchitects
> Zhang Zao

72 Lin'an Sports and Culture Center


| The Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co., Ltd. |
78 Inspiration from the Balance of Nature and Landscape
On the Design of Linan Sports and Culture Center
> Dong Danshen, Chen Jian, Cai Yi

80 Research on Design
80 The Development on Design as Research in the View of
Environment-Behavior Research in the United States
> Lian Fei, Song Yilin

contents ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 2017|03|NO. 582



Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
[ ]
Focus: Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

2014 11
2016 9

(Geoffrey Bawa) 2016 10


3

(bricolage)





5


Garden in a Garden: Geoffrey Bawa and His


"Homeopathic Design Method"

1)[1]

[ ] Jin Qiuye ABSTRACT


Based on the study of Geoffrey Bawa's designs, this

paper highlights that Bawa's professional career started

and ended with garden representing his own aesthetic
( 100044) life. He seemed to narrow down the concern of modern
architecture on the one hand, giving away the Western
tradition of enlightenment and the ideal of utopian cities,
2017/01/25
and expand the knowledge of modern architecture on

(16YJAZH024) the other, discovering a system of material culture that
speaks to traditional aesthetic life with an emphasis of
bodily perceptions. As such he developed a homeopathic
design method in accordance with topography in general

terms, embodying a superior sense of environmental ethics

through precise material construction and architectural


understandings with considerations of others based
on personal experiences. With his mundane poetry
differing from Western abstract knowledge and pursuit

for geometrical prototype writ large, Bawa inherit the

pragmatic nature and simplistic formal language of modern
architecture.
KEY WORDS
Geoffrey Bawa; garden; homeopathic design method;
modern architecture; collage

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 001




17

1 3




2 4
1 33 (2016 2 ) 3 (2015 10 )
2 (2016 3 ) 4 (2015 10 )


2)[2]
33 (Bawa
3)
House in 33rd Lane1960-1998) ( 4)

( 1)

(Lunuganga, 1948-1998)








( 2)


(garden in a
larger garden)








( 3)

002 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
5

6 33
(2015
10 )
7 33
(2016
2)

( )

[3]


4)

(Salk Research Institute, 1959-1965)
5 7

(

)


( 7)

[2]153




33
[2]148
(

5)




(Donald
Friend)


(Kadalama Hotel, 1991-
1994)
(Laki Senanayake)




19
( 6)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 003


Hotel1995-1997) (
8)
(Bentota Beach Hotel, 1967-1969)

( )
8 9 10




(Siginya)

11 12
8 (2015 10 )
9 (2015 10 )

10 33 (2016 3 )
11 (2015 10 )

12 (2016 3 )

(Avani Hotel, Serendib Hotel,
1967-1970)
(Carlo Scarpa)

33 ( 910)


(Barbara Sansoni) ( 11) 6




(B. V. Doshi)


( 1) (Paradise Road the
Villa, 1990)


(bricolage)



(universal space)
1960
(John Ruskin)
(the (House
Madurai Club, 1971-1974) for Osmund and Ena de Silvar, 1960-1962)
(Lighthouse (

004 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
)




(A.S.H. de Silva
House, 1959-1960)



(Blue
Water Hotel, 1996-1998)



(Pardeep
Jayewardene House, 1997-1998)


(New Parliament of
Sri Lanka, 1979-1982)


( 12)



1960






1)

A Garden in a Larger Garden

[1]9
2)





[4][2]66

[2]148
3) Lunuganga [1]
[2]244-266
4) 1963



[1] Geoffrey Bawa. Lunuganga[M]. Marshall
Cavendish Editions, 2006.
(Mumbai Studio) [2] . [M]. ,
. : , 2016.
[3] B. : [M].
, . : , 2004: 126.
[4] . (A Way of

Building)[G]. , 1968.



1~468~12: 5:

[1]20-21, 124-125 7:

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 005


The Courtyard of Geoffrey Bawa

[ ] Dong Yugan ABSTRACT


This paper attempts to assess the strengths and weaknesses

of three courtyard designs of Geoffrey Bawa using his
3
own architectural criteria, i.e. proper construction through
( 100871) landscape. It also uses the perceptive method suggested
3 by Bawa to scrutinize the gains and losses of bodily
perceptions in the three courtyards.
2017/02/08
KEY WORDS

Geoffrey Bawa; construction through landscape; lower
eave; courtyard with a narrow pond; receded niche;
courtyard of water and trees; courtyard facing the sea


( 1) 1.6m

/ /
1.6m



2016
(Lunuganga)

( 2)





AA
1

006 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
1 2 3 4

2
( 5)




-
6 7 8
-

( 6) - -



2015

1)
( 3) ( 78)
20cm


2)
( 5)

( 4)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 007


( 9)

(
10)



( 11)


( 9 10

12)




2015



( 13)


11 12

9
10
11
12




(
14)

( 16)

( 15)








( 12)

008 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

13 16


15

13
14
15
16
14 17 17





( 19)



( 20)
3

( 17)
( 18) ( 21)









( 10)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 009


18

19 20


( 22)





21 22




23 24 25

19 23 L
20 24
21 25
22






L
( 23)





010 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
26 27 28

26

27

28

29

30 U
31

32
29 30 31 32


( 28)

( 24)

( 29)

( 26)


( 27)

( 25)





U ( 30)

( 28)
4

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 011


( 33)



(
34)


33
( 35)



35
( 36)




34

( 37)






36 37
33 36
34 37

35










U
( 31)


113141629
2~468 ~1219~2830~37
5717

15
( 32) 18

012 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
A Study of Geoffrey Bawa's Sectional Design

[ ] Ge Ming ABSTRACT
[ ] Chen Jieping This paper primarily studies the sections of Sri Lankan
architect Geoffrey Bawa's works, and examines the place

of sections as an abstract tool in assisting the architect
( 210096) to obtain architectural meanings and transcend regional
identity.
KEY WORDS

2017/02/07 Geoffrey Bawa; section; abstract; meaning

(Geoffrey Bawa1919-2003)



1950 AA School


1) (Peter Smithson)

[1]


( )
(Alberto
Ponis)



2)
(HH Richardson)
(Charles Moore)

( 1)
( 2)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 013


1 (
1883)
2 (
1962)
3
(
1 2 3 1948)


3

1)



2)
1
( 3)

(conception)
[2]12-13
(perception)
3)

3)
(vista)
(

)







(fragment)




(Peter Markli)
AA


014 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity


( 4)

4 ( 1948) 5 6 (
( 1961-1963)
1960-1962)

2.1
( 5) 2)
3)
A.S.H
( 7)

2
(Pradeep Jawardene
House) ( 8) A.S.H

(St. Brideget
Montessori School)
( 6) ( 9)

1)

7-1 7-3 8

7 A.S.H
(
1959-1960)
8 (
7-2
1997-1998)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 015


9 ( 1963-1964)
10 ( 1960-1963)
11 (
1960-1962)
12 33 (
1960-1998)

9-1 9-2

12-1

10

12-2

11-1

11-3 12-3 12-4


11-2


2.3



1960 (Serendib Hotel 13)
(Bishop's 33 ( 12)
College) ( 10)



2.2

( 11)




(Agrarian
Research and Training Institude)
( 14)

016 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

13-1

15-1

13-2 14 15-2

(Yahapath Endera Farm School)


13
( 15) ( 1967-
1970)
14
( 1965-
1971)
15
(
1965-1971)
3 16
(
1948-1998)
17 (
16 17 1948-1998)



1) (
16)










2)


3)
( 17)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 017






From Restrictions to Connections
An Elementary Analysis of Roofs in Geoffrey Bawa's Projects

[ ] Yue Jie

33

2017/02/07


5











10m10m
ABSTRACT

This paper studies Geof frey Bawa's work s from a
perspective of design, with a particular emphasis on roof
amongst many architectural elements. It intends to reveal
a rational undercurrent from restrictions to connections in

architecture by examining the variation and development
of roofs in Bawa's works.

KEY WORDS
Sri Lanka; Geoffrey Bawa; roof; restriction; connection


[1] , . [M]. :
, 2015.
[2] Brian Brace Taylor. Geoffrey Bawa[M]. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd,
1995.
[3] David Roboson. Geoffrey Bawa: the Complete Works[M]. London: Thames
and Hudson Ltd, 2012.
[4] David Roboson. In Search of Bawa: Master Architect of Sri Lanka[M].

Talisman Publishing Pte Ltd, 2016.
[5] Geoffrey Bawa, Christoph Bon, Dominic Sansoni. Lunuganga[M]. Marshall
Cavendish Editions, 2006.


1~3, 9-1, 13-1, 14, 15: [2] 4 Wim H J Bergh, Luis Barragn.
Luis Barragn: The Eye Embodied[M]. Pale Pink Publishers, 2006: 139.

5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12-1, 12-2, 16: [3] 6, 12-4, 13-2, 17:
9-2, 12-3: [4]

018 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
1 2 3

1
2

3 A.S.H

4
(1970)
5 -
4 5 (1978)



3
1963

( 2)



[1]
5 (
3 )
1)
3









1
1961
( 1) ( 4)
2
1959 A.S.H A.S.H

( 5)
( 3)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 019


6
(1963-1964)
7 (1966)
8
(1967-1969)
9
(1961-1963)
6 9-1

7 8 9-2


2)
( 8)

( 10)


(
)
4

- - -

( ) ( 9)

3
1985


[1]170




5



1960
[1]98
( 6)

( 11)

( 7)

020 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
10
(1979-1981)
11 (
1972)
12
(
1997)

11
10-2

10-1 10-3 12

3)[1]67
architecture relevant to a particular place, a
particular culture. He demonstrated that you
don't have to throw over the past; nor do you
have to become a slave to it. You can create an

architecture which is appropriate to the present,
and indeed the future, by learning from the
4)[1]19 past.
6) Vernacularist

5) Regionalist

7) 1

2
[1]18, 268

3

4


(
6) 7)[2]
( ) )
( 12)


5


(

)
1)
The heavy beamexists to tie the roof

down VISUALLY to the boulders
6
2) he was an architectural scenographer.
He imagined moving through a building from 7
space to space, denying views, discovering

new views, restoring lostviews, playing with
changing light.

3)
(
[1] . [M]. ,
)
. : 2016.
[2] .
[M]. .

2004 369-370.


4)
1245789-210-210-311
5) 12 [1] 92100137163112

10692171131230
Bawa showed how one can make modern

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 021


Combining Architecture with Terrain
1)
A Study on Geoffrey Bawas Design Methods

[ ] Wang Junmei ABSTRACT


This paper attempts to reveal Sri Lankan architect

Geoffrey Bawas understandings of terrain from a regional

( 210096) perspective and beyond, and introduces his design
method of establishing a structural relationship between
architecture and terrain with scale as a sensible tool.
2017/02/02 KEY WORDS

Geoffrey Bawa; architecture combined with terrain;
structural relationship; scale

1

[1] 261
(asian guru)

1)


[3]
(Ras Vihare5 )
[2]

200m

(5 )
[1] 33-40
(6 -9 ) 2)
(12 )


[1] 145



022 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
P

Q D
C E F K
B
R

G
H 1-3
A G
B H
C K O A
D L P
E M Q
F N R

1-1

0 5 10 20m
1-2 1-4
1

[4]


2)

(19 )
2.1.1
2 (1948-1998)

(Dedduwa)
( 1-1)
( 1-2)


3

2.1 (Katukulia) 14


3)

( 1-3)


( 1-4)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 023


1-6

1-5 1-7
1

2-1 2-2 2-3


( 1-7) 3



2.1.3
(1991-1994)

3




( 2-1)
2.1.2
( 2-2)
( 1-5)

3 ( 2-3)

( 1-6)

024 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

[1]238












3-1 3-3



( 3-3)
3-2
3




4 A.S.H


(1995-1997)

2.3

5-1

5 5-2




A.S.H(1959-1960)


2.2 (1967-1969)

( 4)
( 3-13-2)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 025








3

4
6


50m




(1997-1998)
( 5-1)


1)
( 5-2)

2) (Lewcock R B, Sansoni
B, C Anjalendran )
3 The
Architecture of an Island: The Living Legacy of
Sri Lanka (1998)The Architectural Heritage of
Sri Lanka (2015) Anjalendran
[5]
3

3)



[1] Robson D, Bawa G. Geoffrey Bawa: The

Complete Works[M]. Thames & Hudson, 2002.
( 6) [2] Taylor B B, Bawa G, Sansoni B. Geoffrey
Bawa[M]. Thames and Hudson, 1995: 16.
1) [3] C. Anjalendran, Robson D. The Architectural

Heritage of Sri Lanka[M]. Laurence King


Publishing, 2015: 42.
[4] . [M]//
. :
2)
. 2011.
[5] Cache B, Speaks M. Earth Moves: The
Furnishing of Territories[M]. Mit Press, 1995.


1-11-21-4~1-6 Bawa G, Bon C, Sansoni D.
Lunuganga[M]. Marshall Cavendish Editions, 2006.
2-245 [1]
3)
3-13-26 [2]
4

026 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
5


A Quinquelateral Talk of Invited Guests

The Traditional and the Modern of Geoffrey Bawa 1970






2016 10 7




(a s s e s s i n g


tradition, accessing modernity)





a s s e s s i n g

accessing


(
)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 027




( 2)


1 3


30
( 3)

2-1 4-1



( 4)



2-2 4-2

1 ( )
2 33 ( )
3 ( )
4 ( )












( 1)



1 33
33
( )

028 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity
7 5 (
)
6 33
( )
7/8 33 (
)
9 33
5 6 8 9 ( )



2

( 5)
( 6)


33
( 7) ( 10)


( 8) ( 11)


( 12)



( 9)
( 13)

10
( )
11
( )
12
(
)
13
(
10 11 12 13 )

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 029







( 1617)





14 15


14
(
) 4
15
(
)
16
(
) ( 18)
17
(
) 16 17


3 ( 19)
,

( 20)


( 14)

( 15)


18 ( ) 19 ( 20 21
) ( ) ( )

030 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

( 21)

30
33

33


1) 30
1950 AA


2) 19 (HH Richardson)

3)
4)



















( )
AA

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 031


22
(
)
23 (
)



( )
Villa


13



( 22)



( 23)





(tropical modernism)
(contemporary
vernacular)

( )



1960 1980







032 2017 \ 03
Focus Assessing Tradition, Accessing Modernity

(urban setting)
(
24)

24 25 ( )
(
2016)

1993

(quality of life)

26

27 28
26 ( ) 28 33 ( )
27 ( )

( 25)
( 26) ( 27)
33 ( 28)

29 ( )




( 29)










?

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 033


OPEN /
/ 2011-2016 / / 2016

Architects OPEN Architecture Team Members Li Hu, Huang Wenjing


Design Stage 2011-2016 Completion 2016

The Ocean Center of Tsinghua University


Shenzhen, Guangdong

034 2017 \ 03
Works

Works

Victor Quiros
Joshua ParkerLaurence Chan

2439 m 3 2
1.59 m 6

4
( )

1
1 2
3
4
5
6
5

0 10 20 50m

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 035


2

036 2017 \ 03
Works

3

3




90





60m
360 < /OPEN >

10
5 5
17
13 12
11
17
9 5

15

14

15 16
16

18

1
4 5 2
19 19 19 19 19 19 3
1
4
6 5
3 8 6
21
7
7
22 8
9
2 10
11
12
13
20 23 14 ( )
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
0 2 5 10m

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 037


3
4
5
6
7

12

11 11

11 11

11 11

10

1 10
2
3
4 11 11
5
3
6 11 11
7
8
9 10
10
11
12 9 8

7 8

5 6

4 3

1
2

0 2 5 10m

038 2017 \ 03
Works
5

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 039


1 7 10 17
2 8 11
3 M8 12
4 ; 13 CPS
5 M12 ; 14
6 9 15
16

1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5

6 6

8 1

14

15

16

11

10
5

7
6
7

13 8 12

17

0 0.2 0.5 1m

040 2017 \ 03
Works
8
9
( )
10
11 ( )

9 10

11

3 3

1


50 C25 1% 1 2 1% 1% 1 2 1% 1% 1 2 1%
1.5
C20

2
3
4
0 0.5 1 2m 4 4 4

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 041


12

12
13

13

042 2017 \ 03
Works

2016 12 24

[ ] Liu Dongyang

A Vertically Interactive Campus in a High-Rise Laboratory [ ] Li Hu
Architect Li Hu Speaks of the Design Process of the Ocean Center of OPEN
Tsinghua University

1 5 | |
(logistics) (GIS)
| | OPEN | |
5
| |
| |
| |
2
10km
3 ( 1) | | 2

| | 23




( 2) | |



45

| |

1 2

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 043








4
| |
| |
| | | |
| |

| | ( 3) | | (Louis Kahn)
(Salk Institute)








3 2011
2010
| |

( 4)







(servant)
|
| (served)
| | (infrastructure) ( 5)

2
| |


| |



5

044 2017 \ 03
Works






6


( 7)


5

( 6) | |
| | | | ( 8)
| |


60m





3
| |
| |
+


60m 3m




7
(Norman Foster) 8

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 045


20m
15m 3~4



( 910)

| | 5m
| | 5 60m 10.3m
| |
2
4500 /m


5000
/m2
4500


3





9 10

| |
(gross space)





8

| | 3 (canons of La
| |

| |







11 12

046 2017 \ 03
Works
Tourette) ( 1112)
| |


4
| |

15 16


| | (Claude
( 1314) Debussy) (La Mer )
| |


( )
| |


| |



45
( 15) 15306090


| | ( 16) ( 17)
| |

13

14

17

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 047


| |


MOMA




20




( 19)


| |
| | ( 20)


3
| | ( 18)
| | | |




(anti-hierarchical informality)

(formal)

| |

(Architectural
Review )




1970

5
| |

18
19 90 ( 21)

048 2017 \ 03
Works






21




( 22)



| |

| | OPEN ( 23)

| |


| | 3
(Mark | |
Wigley)





(Book of Quotes )






Architecture
is both a medium to express our understanding, critic and hope
of the world around us
and a medium through which we can
engage it, with our own imagination, courage, persistence, and
strategies




| |


1~91213151720:OPEN
1011141618192223:
21: McCarter, Robert. Louis I. Khan[M]. New
York: Phaidon Press, 2009: 193.
22
23

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 049


/
/ 2015 / / 2017

Architects Shanghai Pro-Form Architectural Design Consultants Co.,Ltd. Team


Members Wang Fangji, Dong Xiao, Xiao Xiao Design Stage 2015 Completion

2017

The Mountainous Hotel of Septuor


Deqing, Zhejiang

050 2017 \ 03
Works



950 m2
645 m2
( ) + ( )

0 50 100 200m

2 ( )

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 051


3

3
13 19
12

14 1 2 8
10
18

11
15 16
4
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052 2017 \ 03
Works
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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 053


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 055



[ ]
Wang Fangji, Dong Xiao


( 200092)
Skeleton and Experience ( 200437)
Architectural Renovation of the Mountainous Hotel of Septuor

2017/02/09

(51378353)

1

( 2)

1980

380mm



( 1)


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 057






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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 059


/
/ 2015 / / 2016

Architects genarchitects Team Members Kong Rui, Fan Beilei Design Stage 2015
Completion 2016

Shangsi'an Cottage
Huzhou, Zhejiang

060 2017 \ 03
Works
1 1-4
2 5

3 6

1361 m2
1097 m2
1


0 5 10 20m

1 1-4
2 1-4

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 061


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 063


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 065


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066 2017 \ 03
Works

[ ]
Zhang Zao


( 300072)
Remaking and Re-Depicting a Waterside Village
A Comment of the Newly Built Shangsian Cottage by genarchitects
2017/02/17

1






[1]


1)




[2]


3
6
3 1-4 5 6
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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 067


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 069


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[J]. 2016(6): 63-78.
[4] .




[J]. 2006(06): 63-67.
[5] .
[J]. 2015(2): 100-105.
[6] . [EB/

OL]. 2015-12-19.


1289

3~7

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 071


/
/ 2010-2012 / / 2015

Architects The Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co.,
Ltd. Team Members Dong Danshen, Chen Jian, Ni Jian, Cai Yi, Lei Chiping Design

Stage 2010-2012 Completion 2015

Lin'an Sports and Culture Center


Lin'an, Zhejiang

072 2017 \ 03
Works

10.73 hm2
7.50 m2
/

1
2 2

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 073


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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 075


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076 2017 \ 03
Works
6

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5
6
7
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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 077



[ ]
Dong Danshen, Chen Jian, Cai Yi


( 310028)
Inspiration from the Balance of Nature and
Landscape
2016/10/13
On the Design of Linan Sports and Culture Center




3

3
( ) 10.7hm2


1
40min


80m
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5m


2



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Works




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ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 079


The Development on Design as Research in the View
of Environment-Behavior Research in the United
States

1, 2 ABSTRACT
[ ] Lian Fei
3
[ ] Song Yilin This paper conceptualizes the design philosophy of
"design as research" as the process to acquire new


knowledge from environment-behavior research. It
1 ( 150006) , reviews the combination of research and design in
2 different developing phases by studying several hallmark
( 150006) events of the development of architectural design in
3 3
the United States. Based on a model of knowledge of

architectural design on three levels, it elaborates on the
substantial content of design as research, intended to
2016/10/13
provide reference for the scientific and research-based
transformation of contemporary architectural design in

(20132302120050) China.
KEY WORDS
design as research; environment-behavior research;
knowledge on the third level; United States


[1] [3]

(Bill Caudill) (Serge
Chermayeff)
[3]

CRS


(Architectural Programming)


CRS
( 1)
1 (1960-1980 CRS
)
20
(Lyndon B. 1968
1)
Johnson) (The Great Society) (Henry Sanoff) 30
[2] [4]
200 8

080 2017 \ 03
Research on Design

Research on Design
View through a window

may influence recovery from (EBD)
(EDRA)


surgery Science




1968 1984 2003


1 2

(Environmental Design
[11]
Research AssociationEDRA)
[8]

50
2003 20
(Kirk Hamilton)
[4]
(Christopher
2) [13-14]
Alexander) 1977 4
[9]
(A Pattern Language )


[1] [8]


2 (1980
12 -20 )
1984 (Science )
3) [5]
(General System Theory)
[15]
(View through a window may influence
[10]
(Problem Seeking: An recovery from surgery )
[6]
Architectural Programming Primer )
[3]

10 3 ( 2)


[16]



(Roger Ulrich) 1991
[7]

[11]
3

1960-1970
[3]

[12]

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 081





[17-19]

3.1
[3]
HKS
Perkins+WillErdmanCannonDesign
WHR



(Architectural Record ) 2015
[21]
20
[3]
7
[3, 20]
14
( 1)
3 (21 Perkins+Will
)
10 (research-based architecture and design
firm) Area Research
( )

10
1

/


(Architect



(Architectural (Engineering (Healthcare [22-23]
Magazine )
Record ) News Record) Design)
1 Gensler 3 1 y HKS
2 AECOM 2 1 y
3 Jacobs 6 n n

4 Perkins+Will 5 5 5 y y
ARCADIS/ (Center for
5 n n
CallisonRTKL Advanced Design Researchand Evaluation
6 CH2M Hill/IDC 10 n n
CADRE) LINE
7 HDR 37 14 2 y y

8 HOK 24 3 3 y
9 HKS 32 8 4 y y
10 SOM 2 7 y
11 KPF 34 16 n n
HKS 3
12 Perkins Eastman 24 10 y y

13 NBBJ 30 21 8 y y
14 Woods Bagot y y
15 Stantec Inc. 6 n HKS
16 Populous n
17 Cannon Design 23 y y [24]
400
18 ZGF Architects 12 14 y

19 SmithGroupJJR 50 11 12 y
20 DLR Group 48 20 n y
y n CADRE

082 2017 \ 03
Research on Design

(4 ) Stantec

0
0.5
+
(2.5 ) 1 17h 8
12 52
2



+

(7.5 )

3 HKS 4 5

(CHSD, Texas
A&M University)
( )
( 4)Stantec
400 2.2 NBBJ
[25]
2014
14
3 (John Medina)
( 3) 2014 Stantec NBBJ
(Coppell Independent
[26]

School District) (Richard
[29]
(Health Environments J. Lee Elementary School)
[25]
Research & Design Journal ) CADRE
(Clinic 20XX:
[28]
Designing for an Ever-Changing Present) Perkins Eastman
( 5)
3 Stantec (the Alzheimer's Foundation of America)
300 (Innovative Learning
150 Environments Research and Benchmarking 2014
[27]
Group)
[30]
HKS 2016

3.2 335

7


[28]

Stantec
(Diego Barrera)
4

[28]

2014 Stantec

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 083


Council for England. REF 2014: Assessment
framework and guidance on submissions,
2011[2016-09-28]. http://www.ref.ac.uk/
[1] Murray Fraser. Design Research in Architecture: media/ref/content/pub/assessmentframework

An Overview [M]. Surrey& Burlington: Ashgate andguidanceonsubmissions/02_11.pdf
Publishing Limited. 2013. [18] Australian Research Council.ERA Indicator
[2] Evaluating the success of the Great Society Descriptors[R/OL]2008[2016-09-28]. http://
[N/OL]. Washington Post, 2014[2016-09- archive.arc.gov.au/archive_files/ERA/2009/
13]. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/ Key_Documents/Indicator_Descriptors.pdf
special/national/great-society-at-50/ [19] James C. Snyder.Architectural Research
[3] Sally Augustin, Cindy Coleman. The Designer's (Environmental design series) [M]. New York:
Guide to Doing Research: Applying Knowledge Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1984.
to Inform Design [M]. Hoboken: John Wiley & [20] Linda N. Groat, David Wang. Architectural
Sons, Inc. 2012. Research Methods [M], 2nd Edition.Hoboken:
[4] T h e E n v i r o n m e n t a l D e s i g n R e s e a r c h John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2013: 7.
[21] A r c h i t e c t u r a l R e c o r d .2014 T o p 300
Association. EDRA fact sheet 2016[EB/OL],
2016[2016-09-28]. http://www.edra.org/sites/ Architecture Firms [EB/OL], 2015[2016-09-29].
default/files/pdfs/EDRA%20fact%20sheet%20 http://archrecord.construction.com/practice/
2016.pdf top300/2014/top300-architecture-firms-1.asp
[5] T h e E n v i r o n m e n t a l D e s i g n R e s e a r c h [22] Perkins+Will. What is AREA [EB/OL],

Association. About [EB/OL], 2016[2016-09-28]. 2016[2016-09-29]. http://arearesearch.org/
http://www.edra.org/content/about about/
[6] William M. Pena, Parshall S A. Problem [23] P e r k i n s + W i l l . I n s i d e t h e l a b s [ E B /

Seeking: An Architectural Programming Primer OL], 2016[2016-12-23].http://
[M]. edition. New York: John Wiley&Sons Inc, researchlabs.perkinswill.com/index.
1969. html#refx=55&refy=1525
[7] Henry Sanoff. Integrating Programming, [24] HKS. Research[EB/OL], 2016[2016-09-29].

Evaluation and Participation in Design: A Theory http://www.hksinc.com/hks-research/


Z Approach [M]. S.l.: Avebury, 1992. [25] Upali Nanda, Sipra Pati, Adeleh Nejati. Field
[8] Kirk Hamilton, David H. Watkins. Evidence- research and parametric analysis in a medical-
Based Design for Multiple Building Types [M]. surgical unit [J].Health Environments Research

Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2009: 9. & Design Journal, 2015, 8(4): 41-57.
[9] Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray [26] HKS Wins Certificate of Research Excellence
Silverstein. A Pattern Language: Towns, for Study on Parametric Design[EB/OL]
Buildings, Construction [M]. New York: Oxford 2016[2016-12-23]. http://www.hksinc.com/
University Press, 1977. insight/hks-wins-certificate-of-research-
[10] Roger Ulrich. View Through a Window May excellence-for-study-on-parametric-design/
Influence Recovery [J]. Science, 1984, [27] Upali Nanda, Seluga Sekanwagi, Adeleh
224(4647): 420-421. Nejati, Lindsay Graham, Sipra Pati.Clinic
[11] Roger Ulrich. Effects of interior Design on 20XX: Designing for an ever-changing present
Wellness: Theory and Recent Scientific [EB/OL]2016[2016-12-23]. http://www.
Research [J]. Journal of Health Care Interior cadreresearch.org/projects/clinic-20xx
Design. 1991(3): 97-109. [28] Diego Barrera. Happier, smarter and more
[12] Archibald L. Cochrane. Effectiveness and engaged students. Can design do that? [EB/

Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health OL], 2016[2016-12-16]. http://www.stantec.
Services [M]. Oxford: Nufield Provincial com/blog/2016/happier-smarter-and-more-
Hospitals Trust, 1972. engagedstudents.html#.WFNCv2R95sM
[13] Kirk Hamilton. The four levels of evidence- [29] N B B J . N B B J L a u n c h e s P a r t n e r s h i p
based practice [J]. Healthcare Design. 2003, Program with Leading Researchers [EB/
3(4): 18-26. OL]2014[2016-09-29]. http://www.nbbj.
1) 1964-1965 [14] Eileen Malone, Upali Nanda, Constance com/news/2014/6/19/nbbj-launches-
200 Harmsen etc..An Introduction to Evidence- new-partnership-program-with-leading-
based Design: Exploring Healthcare and researchers/
Design [M]. 2nd edition. Concord: The Center [30] Emily Chmielewski, EDAC, Perkins Eastman.
5 for Health Design, 2008. Excellenceindesign:Optimal living space for
[15] Kirk Hamilton. Design collaboration: Practice people withAlzheimer's disease and related
"Great Society" and academic perspectives [J]. Health dementias[R/OL], 2014[2016-09-29].http://
Environment Research & Design Journal, www.perkinseastman.com/news_press_
2) 2013(6): 120-125. release
[16] Kirk Hamilton. Reflecting on three decades
3) 1950 of practice: Where's the rigor? [J]. Health
Ludwig von Bertalanffy Environment Research & Design Journal, 3 [25]
2010(4): 89-94. 5 [28]
[17] Annex C. Definitions of research and impact
for the REF [C/OL]// Higher Education Funding

084 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
Deduction of Design Teaching: A Case Study of the
Architecture Building at Melbourne University

[ ] Ling Jie ABSTRACT


This paper contends for a special relation between

design teaching and the place of teaching. Except for this

( 210096) relation in general, the place of teaching can also function
as the source of knowledge and a on-site case for design
teaching. Taking the architecture building at Melbourne
2016/09/16 University as an example, it explores new topics and

thoughts of the present design of collegiate architecture

buildings based on an analysis of various modes of the
deduction of design teaching from an angle of multiple
logics.
KEY WORDS

architecture building; design teaching; deduction;
knowledge; MSD

(Workshop 2)
( 3 )
[1]22
2009 (Melbourne School of Design, MSD)
(built pedagogy)
/
1) 4)
(living/learning building)
1950 (Texas Rangers)
[1]33
NADAAA JWA
2015 MSD

MSD MSD

2)
( 3 ) 1950
1960
1

3)
(the Ecole
des Beaux-Arts) (Academy) ( 4 )
(Atelier 1) (the Bauhaus) ( 4 )

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 085


1 2 3 4


1

8
2
9
3
5

6
7
(Michel Foucault)
1 4
9

8 [5]7

1 6
2 7 Y
3 8
0 5 10m 4 9
5
5 MSD ( ) ( )






6)


2 3
[3]84
3.1




[2] [6-7]




[8]

MSD
(Tom Kvan) MSD
[3]84


( 5)

5)


(
6) MSD
[4]
22m
22m6m






086 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
7 8

6 9 10


11 12 13
6 9 12
7 10 13
8 11

3.2 3.3
(mesh)
[9]


( 7)
Y
3
7)
(Studio Hall) ( 6) ( 7)
( 9)




( 11)


MSD

180
(
10) ( 12)
90
( 8)
( 13)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 087


14 15 16 18

17 19 20 21
14 18
15 Y 19
16 20
17 21 Y

[10]

MSD

4.2
( 14) MSD





Y ( 15)

( 16)

MSD
4 (standing room 1859
4.1 17)
MSD

088 2017 \ 03
Research on Design



3)


( 23)

4) (Taxes Rangers1951-1958)
1950

5 (Bernnard Hoesli) (Colin Rowe)
(John Hejuk)(Bob

Slutzky)

22 23 5) http://www.architectmagazine.
com/design/buildings/faculty-of-architecture-
building-and-planning-designed-by-john-wardle-
architects-and-nadaaa-in-collaboration_o
6)




7) http://www.archdaily.com/622708/
[11] melbourne-school-of-design-university-of-
( 18)
melbourne-john-wardle-architects-nadaaa
3

[1] .

Y [J]. ,
2001(98): 20-36.
/ [2] . [J].
, 2004(5): 120-122.
4.3 (learn in) [3] .
MSD (learn from) [J]. ,
2008(2): 84-87.
[4] , .

[J]. , 2010(1): 187-189.


[5] . [M]. , , .
: , 1998.
[6] , .

[J]. ,
2012(5): 38-39.
[7] .
[J].
2004(5): 52-55.
[8] , , ,
( 6) . : [J]. ,
2016(1): 1-6.
[9] . [J]. , . ,
( 2006(1): 5-7.
[10] .
19)
[M]// . 60
John Wardle Architects in Melbourne,
NADAAA in Boston (1949-2009): . :
John Wardle, Stefan Mee(JWA), Nader , 2009.
Tehrani (NADAAA) [11] . : [M].
, . , 2002.
( 20)

15772m2
6 ( ) 12: [1]
2000 200
5: www.archdaily.com/622708/

Y melbourne-school-of-design-university-of-
12935
melbourne-john-wardle-architects-nadaaa
( 21) 6~1019~21 Peter Bennetts
11: JWA/NADAAA
CAD 1) http://www. 12~16: John Horner
american-architects.com/en/projects/48758_ 17:
Melbourne_School_of_Design 18: Eve Wilson
( 22) 2)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 089


Between Tradition and Innovation
An Analysis of the Design Process of the Extension of
Banca della Svizzera Italiana in Switzerland
1)

1 ABSTRACT
[ ] Zhang Jie
2
[ ] Guo Liaohui This paper aims to reveal the design process of the
extension of Banca della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano through

an analysis of a succession of design sketches made by
1 the architect Giancarlo Durisch. It provides an example
2 of how the postwar modernist movement revised the
dogmatic concept of "function" in the face of the historical

environment to keep a balance between conservation
2016/10/13
and innovation.
KEY WORDS
extension; historical environment; faade; function;
served and serving space

1980


(Giancarlo Durisch)

1970


1950
1

(Canton Ticino)
18 19
( 12)
(Carlo Maderno) (Francesco
Borromini) 20 1963 18

1.1
(Via Massimilano
Magatti) (Via Canova)
[1]
(Rino Tami) (Palazzo Riva)
(Luigi Snozzi) (Mario Botta) 1930

090 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
( 5)

/

[3]
28
7

2
7




1 ( ) ( ) 2

1935
(Riva San Vitale)
1747 1876
[2]
1911 (
)

(Piazza Manzoni) 1973-1974 /







( 4)
1980-1982

4
( 3) 90


1.2
1/4

3 4 / 5

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 091


6 7 8 9









10



( 3
67)
( 11)

11
2.2





12


( 8) ( 12)


13

(
13)



( 9)
(Commissione Bellezze Naturali)
2.1 ( 10) (Commissione Monumenti Storici)

3 4

092 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
14 15

( 16)







16 17
/



( 17)


1960
(Louis I. Kahn)


18 19

(
6 ( 15) 18) (Franco
Albini) (La
Rinascente)

2.3
19
( 19)
( )
( 14 )


( 14 )

6
( 14 )


ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 093


1
2
5 4 3
3

6
4 2
5
6 1
7
7
8
8 9
9 10
10
11
( 2324)
12
13 18

14 11


15

16

17
18

12 17
13
16


14 15



20 24


1)
(Fondazione Archivi
Architetti Ticinesi, Fondo Giancarlo Durisch)

(Paolo
Fumagalli)
(Marissa Durisch)
(Accademia
di architettura, Universit della Svizzeraitaliana)
21 22 23
(Nicola Navone)
1945-2000(Architettura
in Ticino, 1945-2000)
6


[1] Tita Carloni. Traconservazione e innovazione: ap
puntisull architetturanelcanton Ticino dal 1930
( 22)
al 1980[J]. Ingnieurs et architectessuisses (Heft
10), 1983 (109): 161-167.
[2] Jehle, Werner. Baumeister des Lapidaren:
( 20) Giancarlo Durisch[J]. Die Liebezur Geometrie:
achtPortrts (Heft 10), 1988 (48): 52-57.
[3] Lucius Burckhardt, Diego Peverelli. Banca della
Svizzer aItaliana, Lugano[J]. Rivista Tecnica,
1972(2): 119-127.

3
1~3, 10~13, 17, 20, 24 : [3]
4 : [2]
( 21) 6~9, 14~16, 24 :
(FondazioneArchiviArc
hitettiTicinesi, Fondo Giancarlo Durisch)
18: www.pinterest.com

19: www.archidiap.com

094 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
A Methodological Exploration of Converting Old
Residences into Facilities of Community Endowment

1 ABSTRACT
[ ] Xu Zhiqiu
2
[ ] Hu Huiqin Based on a field investigation of old communities and
an analysis of apartment layouts, this paper focuses on

community endowment and refers to the experiences
1 of housing renovation abroad to propose the optimal
( ,100835) methods and key points of elderly-oriented housing
2 ( ,100124) renovation of in old communities, as exemplified in

practical cases.

KEY WORDS
2016/09/07
old residence; small scale; facilities for the elderly in a
(51378022) community; methods of renovation

300 1000 m2 1980


[1]
1000 3814 m2

2)
2014 (
) 60 196.3
66.16% 80
[2]
38.9 13.1%
2016
1.43 3400
23.7% 80 700
20.5%
1 1.2
1.1 1)
1) 2014 410 10.9
1970 200 ( ) 1.86 9064
2
975 m 1970 6% 4% 17.8

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 095


[3]
11.9 ( 1) 2.3
2.2
9064
90%
2015
320
7.9

83.4% ( )

90 3
16.6%

2014
66.1% ( 2)

3
2) 3.1



( )
( )

1


2013

2
2013 10
2013
2013 10
( [2013]35 )

2013


2013



2.1
2014



2



2013
(

[2013]398 )

10
2013

(2000

2014

30 )
2015

096 2017 \ 03
Research on Design







1950-1990

1950-1990




1980
6 6 3

40
4

/ 5
( ) 1 0 50 100 200m
2
5 1
60%
3.2 40%

75% 30%( 2) 3)
3.3
1)
1)



4
4.1
1980 1990

2) 8~10

2)

4100

1
900

4
1 1
5400

1 1 1 1 1 1 2
2700

1 8 8 1
3
1800

4
2
2400

5
1800

6 6
2700

7
1000 4700

1 1
1 5 10 1 1 10 9 1 3 4 1 1 8
5 6
900

9
4500 4500 3600 4500 2700 4500 4500 10
7

6000 3400 2800 3800 3500 2400 6100 6600 3100 6000 3000 4200 2800 3400 6000

3 1980 ( ) 1992 ( )

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 097



1 237 2 238

1
1 1 2
3
1 1 4 5
1 5
1

2 2 4 1 4 5
3


3
( 6)
2)
A




C B

4 ( 1958 2011 )
( 7)
3)


[4]
( 3)
4.2
1958 5
250 2800
2011 ( 8)

( ) 4)
2

( 4)
[5]
1
MIKAN

2 4 ( 9)
1
2 [6]
400m 6
6.1

4 10 ( 5)
1)

098 2017 \ 03
Research on Design





7 9 8

3


(
/ )



1)
( 11)


+ ( 12)

+ +

2
( 10) 10~18m
2
2) 6m /



( 13)


6.2



2
198m (1 )


(3 ) 7

10

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 099


3580 3300 2800 3300 3580 1

600 2

8 3
4020 4020

5240

5240
1 1480 4
7 16.6m2

5
1500
1570 2 1340 1330 1570 6

1200

1200
9 7
3.8m2
3060
5 8
1340 2440 1140 3580

3340 11
3 10 9

13
6440 6440
10 20m2

11
6

12




4
12

11



1 2 ( 14)








1980
3
6
198m2
:
12 0 1 2 5m


1)
(
) ( )
2)


( 1516)

7
7.1

[7]



2.0.3
3


100 2017 \ 03
Research on Design

8


12 13
7
9
5 4 10
6 6
3)
1 12
2

3
4
5
1
6
1
7
8
9 2
10
11

2
12
13 3 8
3

8

14 12 13
7
11
9 4
5 4 10 5
6 6
5
10


3 3






1 1

1
2
3 5
4
5

2 3 3 2
[1] .

4 [J]. , 2007(3) 59-62.


[2] 2014
[EB/OL]. http://zhengwu.beijing.gov.
cn/tjxx/tjgb/t1412150.htm[2015-11-26].
[3] , . :
(2015)[M]. :
01 2 5m
, 2015.
[4] , .
15 16
[J]. , 2009(S1): 74-78.
[5] .
[M]. , . :
1) , 2008.
[6] MIKAN. [M]. , ,

. : , 2009.

10 [7] , .
[J]. ,
2015(11): 30-34.


1, 2:
3: [4]
7.2 2)
4: http://www.ur-net.go.jp/rebuild/rn2/

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 101


A Comparative Study on the Facilities for the Aged
Between China and the UK

[ ] Mu Jingyi ABSTRACT
[ ] Kang Jian This paper focuses on the comparative study on supply
policy, architectural space model and function of facilities

for the aged between China and the UK. It identifies the
methodological and conceptual differences between
( 150006) the two countries, caused by different values, lifestyles
and ageing processes. It concludes with suggestions

of diversification and rationalization of various types of
2016/11/04
facilities for the aged, an increase of small-scaled facilities,
deinstitutionalization of the spatial pattern, etc.
KEY WORDS
China; UK; facilities for the aged; spatial pattern; scale;

location

2011 2020
[1]

[2]

[3]

60
[4] [11]

[5]


[6] [12]

[7] [8-9] [13]


[14]


NHS(National Health Service)
[15]
1
NHS
1.1
[10]
(2015)

102 2017 \ 03
Research on Design


II

II

1




[18]
(Gold Standards Framework)


CQC(Care


Quality Commission)

1.2 CQC

2

3
[19]
1






[16] [20]


3

( 1)
( 2)


1.3

[17]
NHS

( 1)



[21]



[22]


ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 103


600
2
492 492
500 2000
445 2.1
0
400 25
353 1500 216
300
1000
200 178 200
1367 134
165 101-200

500
100 75 196
50
23 311
51-100 7
12 5 3 1 0 1 3 3 2 0 2 0 5
0 0 1-50

10

91 0
10 00

11 10

12 20

13 30

14 40

15 50

16 60

17 70

18 80

19 90

0
0+
-2

-3

-4

-5

-6

-7

-8

-9

20
1-

-1

20
11

21

31

41

51

61

71

81

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-

1-
( )
3 5

140

120 200

100 0

80
150 1
26

35
19
60
100
35 200
40 115 101-200
500
20 73 51-100

0 1-50
0
1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-100 101-110 111-120 2.2
( )
8
4 6

50 200

50
,


( 5)
2.3
530
53 10

50
1~2 ( 3) ( 6)




[24]
50 100
[23]
( 4)



3
6

104 2017 \ 03
Research on Design
1
2


6
7


3 8
4 9
5
2

1
7
4
6
8

3 1
3
3.1
1
5 1

( 9)
9

50%

8

3 1
7 2
2
4
3
4
5
2 5
6
7
1
2

2
6
2
3 3




2 2 2 3 2 2
01 5 10m

7 9






( 10)

,
01 5 10m

10 - 11





3.2


(
11)

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 105


[J]. , 2014(5): 77-81.
[9] , .
[J]. ,
2015(1): 29-31.
[10] , .
[M]. , 2015.
[11] .
[D]. : , 2006.
[12] Wagner S L, Shubair M M, Michalos A C.
Surveying older adults' opinions on housing:
recommendations for policy[J]. Social
12-1 12-2 Indicators Research, 2010, 99(3): 405-412.
12-1 [13] Fennell G, Anchor tenants' survey[M]. London:
12-2
Anchor Housing Association & University of
12
east Anglia, 1985.
[14] Taylor R, Conway L, Calderwood L, et al.
Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older
population in England: The 2002 English
Longitudinal Study of Ageing Technical
Report[R]. London: National Institute for Social
Research, 2007.
[15] . [D]. :
, 2008.
[16] , .
[J]. , 2011(5): 20-21.
[17] .
[D]. : , 2005.
[18] http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/social-care-

and-support-guide/Pages/care-homes.aspx
[19] http://www.cqc.org.uk/content/what-can-you-
expect-good-care-home
[20] Rosenberg M, Everitt J. Planning for aging
populations: inside or outside the walls[J].
Progress in planning, 2001, 56(3): 119-168.
[21] Nolin J A, Wilburn S T, Wilburn K T, et al.

Health and social service needs of older


adults: Implementing a community-based
needs assessment[J]. Evaluation and Program
Planning, 2006, 29(3): 217-226.
[22] Merrill J, Hunt M E. Aging in place: a dilemma
for retirement housing administrators[J].
Journal of Applied Gerontology, 1990, 9(1):
60-76.
[23] Zook J B, Lu Y, Glanz K, et al. Design

and pedestrianism in a smart growth
development[J]. Environment and Behavior,
2012, 44(2): 216-234.

[24] .
[1] . [J]. , 2012(6): 10-14.
(2011-2015 ) [G]. 2011-12-
16.
[2] . [D]. 7http://www.angelscarefh.com/floor-plans/

: , 2015. floor_plan_images-2/
( 12) [3] . [D]. : 8 http://www.allwidewallpapers.com/
, 2012. residential-care-home-floor-plan/cmVzaWRlbnRpY
[4] . [M]. : WwtY2FyZS1ob21lLWZsb29yLXBsYW4/
4 , 2010. 9 www.nps.co.uk
[5] . [D]. : 10 https://www.barchester.com/home/sutton-
, 2012. grange-care-home
[6] . 11 www.nps.co.uk
[D]. : , 2008. 12-1 http://www.targetadvisers.co.uk/
[7] . Greenacres.aspx
[J]. 12-2 http://kamestargethealthcare.co.uk/

( ), 2012(1): 93-99. Amberley.aspx
[8] , .

106 2017 \ 03
Research on Design

Synergetic System Design for Sustainable Architecture

Architectural Technology
of the Next Generation

[ ] Arno Schlueter ABSTRACT


[ ] Adam Rysanek 3fo r2 3 This paper summarizes three key design principles of
[ ] Han Dongchen the 3for2 concept, and testifies to the potentials of

sustainable buildings in tropical cities of high density by
3fo r2 an introduction of a 3for2 project at the United World
College of Southeast Asia in Singapore. As such, it argues
synergetic systems design needs to go beyond mere

energy efficiency, and synergetic strategies can provide
( 100084)
economic benefits over the building lifecycle by the
enhancement of spatial quality, design flexibility and

comfort of users.
2016/09/12
KEY WORDS

synergetic system design; spatial quality; design flexibility;

comfort of users; economic benefit

(IPCC) 1

3for2 3
1.1

(
)



-10C 35C

(SEC) 22 C
(UWCSEA)
3for2 60C
8C

3for2

3for2

15 C

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 107


( )



40% (DOAS)


1.2

3for2
/



3for2


1 3for2




3for2


3for2

2 UWCSEA 3for2 3 UWCSEA 3for2

(
)

3 ( 1)
3)
3for2
4)3for2
1.3

3for2 2.2
( 4)

3for2
(DVU)
23for2
2.1 (UWCSEA)
3for2
2016
( 2014-2016
)
2
550m
3for2 ( 2
3)
3for2

( )
3for2
10
1)
1/3
3for2 2)

108 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
1/6 kWh/m2a

140 * 2015
BCA
120 2
112 kWh/m a


90%
100
79 kWh/m2a 80% 20%
80

(kWh/m2a)


60

**
40%
40


20

0

**
* (2016 1-7 ) (2018) (29C)
3for2
4 UWCSEA 3for2 5 UWCSEA3for2


( 5)
2.53for2
3for2




(PCBs)

6C~8C
3for2

16C~19C


3for2
2.4
3for2
2016
30~40
35~50


22.5C 60% 3
3for2
1000 3for2
3for2
2.3
3for2





(22.5C) 3for2 2017

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 109


An Acoustic Study of The Assessment Standards for
Green Buildings

[ ] Dai Jinghua ABSTRACT


[ ] Zhou Dian This paper contends for necessary improvements for
[ ] Zhang Dongdong the current calculation method of indoor noise in The

Assessment Standards for Green Buildings , and offers
an alternative based on delicate analysis and discussion.
According to the basic principles of green building design,
( 710049) it is a normal situation when windows are open, and

indoor noise should be assessed with external windows

open and they could be reduced with technological
2016/09/14 methods in green building design.
(2013FY112500) KEY WORDS
(2006BAJ03A02-03) green building; noise; sound insulation; insertion loss
(2016G010)

[1]
8.2.10

( )
( )
( )
( )

1
1.1 4.1.3
4.1.3

(
[2]
)

GB 22337
GB 12348
2006 2014
2014 GB/T50378-2014(
) 4.1.3
4.2.5
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.2.1 1.2 4.2.5
8.2.28.2.38.2.49.2.2 9 4.1.38.1.18.1.2 4.2.5 GB

110 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
100
120
90
100 80
70
80
60
60 50
40
40 30
20
20
10
0 0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

0 1 2 3 4a 0 1 2 3 4a
1 10
1-1 1-2

3096 4
GB 50118
1 dB(A)



1 3 4
0 50 40
10 GB 1 55 45
( 1) 50118-2010 1988 2 60 50

1 3 65 55
4a 70 55
4
4b 70 60

0 ( 2 10

) 4a ( 1)1988
[4]
10dB 2)1988 0 1 2 3 4a

( )
49.5 70.6 77.8 85.8 49.7
[5] %
) 2 1
( 30 3 dB(A)


[3]
70%
45 37 40 30
0 4a
( ) 45 40

[6]
4a 1)2006 4 dB(A)
2014 8.1.1 8.1.2

[1]
10
35 30 40 35 45 40
2)
40 45 45


40 45 50
4.2.5 4 35dB(A)

37dB(A) 45 50 55


1.3.2
1.3 8.1.1
1.3.1
8.1.1
( )

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 111


6
2)




[7]
(dB)
1.3.3
( 4)
1)
4

2 [7]
( 1)

5 ( )
1
+

(dB)
+
30
0.0001
( ) Rw+Ctr
40dB
+
25
Rw+Ctr
[7]

40dB 3)
38dB
4 5
( 5)
30dB(A)
( 2)
( ) 32

10dB
(
) 2s
[8]


( 23) 6
( 6)
( 2)
10dB 39.4dB
( 3)


1.4 8.1.2
8.1.2

112 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
GB 50118


5
( ) +
30dB 1)
( )
+
30dB
123 GBJ 2)
4a 118-88

8.1.2
25dB 30dB 2

3)
8.1.2 10dB ( 12dB
)
20dB 25dB
1.5 8.2.1 10dB
8.2.1
6

GB 50118
3
6




[1] GB/T50378-2014 [S]. :

33.5dB 30dB y=f(x) , 2014.


[2] . [M]. : ,
y=(x) 2011.
[3] GB 3096-2008 [S]. :
1.6 8.2.10
, 2008.
8.2.10 [4] GBJ 118-88 [S]. :
, 1988.
[5] GB 50118-2010 [S].

13 : , 2010.
[6] GB/T50378-2006 [S]. :
, 2006.
[7] , , , .
10% 10dB
[M]. : , 2007.
8% 5% [8] . [M]. :
, 2002.
10

1: [3]
2 /h 3 3~5: [5]
1: 2006-2015



ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 113


An Analysis of the Use of Air Conditioners in Summer
in Beijing

1 ABSTRACT
[ ] Liu Bin
1
[ ] Niu Runping 5 Based on the long-term field measurement of the use of air
2
[ ] Wei Shen conditioners in a residential area of five households in Beijing,

this paper analyzes the bulk of data and discusses indoor and
outdoor temperature, indoor humidity, personal preferences,
1 retention time of Indoor refrigeration capacity amongst other
( 100044) effects resulting from use of air conditioners. It identifies two

2 modes in extremities: the most energy saving one and the most

energy consuming one. By comparing with field measurement
of energy consumption, it contends that the actual energy
2016/11/22
consumption when air conditioners in use is much higher than
the most energy-saving mode, testifying to the possibilities to

reduce refrigeration capacity consumption by adjusting users

behaviors with remarkable significance.
KEY WORDS
indoor humidity; personal preference; use of air conditioners;
energy consumption of refrigeration capacity


[11-12]






[1-3]


[4-6]

[7]
2010

1
1.1
[8-10]
2016
(

114 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
100
% 93
%

80
84

60
2C

(%)
50

40
43
18:00-24:00-07:00
20 19

8.6
15 ( 3)
7.9
0
0.4 1.3 1.1
3
24 25~26 27~28 29~30 31~32 33
(C)
1 3

840 2550 1200 4070 1340

2600

2800

d/(g/kg)

15 20 25
36
5 10

1300

1000

34
32
t/C

30
28


4200
1400

26
24
20% 40% 60% 80%
840 3600 1120 3600 840

2 4

1) 3 2) 10 30C
28 C
2
80 m
3
2
370 0.543 W/(m k) 2m

2
3.5 W/(m k) 26 C
30min
( 2) 3
1.2 3) 33 C
93%
8m 33C
-30C~100C5%~95% 3 2.2
5

1)
[13-14]
2
1.5m
[15]


2.1
Logistic

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 115


[16]
100
1
100
90 2 90
80 3 80
4
P 0 70 5 70

60 60

(%)

(%)
50 50
40 40
4
30 30
20 20
10 10
28 C
0 0
32 C 24 25~26 27~28 29~30 31~32 33 24 26 28 30 32 34

(C) (C)
40%
5 6
60% 1000

900

800

700
2.3

600

(kWh)
1%

29.3% 30% 17.3%
500

400
300


19.7% 51% 18.1% 200
34.6% 100
5 0
1 2 3 4 5
( 5)

7 8

30 C
26 C 5
1% 30min
28 C 5 7
9
19.7% 9 11:00
1% 30min
7 11:30 28C 50 min
1%
6 30min
17.3%
34 C
30.1% 2.6
8


1
2.4 349.6 kWh 4
137.5 kWh 10
2.5 5
28C 28C

116 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
3 [2] Santin O G, Itard L, Visscher H. The effect of
34 occupancy and building characteristics on
32 5 2 energy use for space and water heating in
30 Dutch residential stock[J] Energy & Buildings,
1.40~2.14
(C)

28 2009, 41(11): 1223-1232.


26 [3] Schweiker M, Shukuya M. Comparison
24 of theoretical and statistical models of air-
22 conditioning-unit usage behavior in a residential
20
3 setting under Japanese climatic conditions.
0

0
:3

:4

:5

:0

:1

:2

:3

:4

:5

:0

:1

:2

:3
Build Environ[J]. Building & Environment, 2009,
10

10

10

11

11

11

11

11

11

12

12

12

12
44(10): 2137-2149.
9 [4] Adrian Leaman, Bill Bordass. Productivity

in buildings: the 'killer' variables[J]. Building
Research & Information, 2010, 1(1): 4-19.
[5] ClaudeAlain Roulet, Niklaus Johner, Flavio

33 Foradini, et al. Perceived health and comfort

32 in relation to energy use and building
31 characteristics[J]. Building Research &
Information, 2006, 34(5): 467-474.
30
[6] Toftum J. Central automatic control or
29 1)
(C)

distributed occupant control for better indoor


28
environment quality in the future[J]. Building &
27
Environment, 2010, 45(1): 23-28.
26
[7] , , , .
25 [C]. 2010
24 2010.
2) [8] Rijal H B, Tuohy P, Humphreys M A, et al
23
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 Using results from field surveys to predict the
(h)
effect of open windows on thermal comfort and
10 energy use in buildings[J]. Energy & Buildings,
2007, 39(7): 823-836.
[9] Raja I A, Nicol J F, Mccartney K J, et al. Thermal
500 3) comfort: use of controls in naturally ventilated
400
(kWh)

buildings[J]. Energy & Buildings, 2001, 33(3):


300 235-244.
200
[10] , , , .
100
0 [J]. ,
1 2 3 4 5
2013, 43(6): 64-67.

[11] , , , .
11 7 5 4) 80m2
[J]. ,
24C
30min 2011, 27(12): 16-19.
[12] Bahaj A S, James P A BUrban energy
3 30min generation: The added value of photovoltaics
24 C in social housing[J] Renewable & Sustainable
Energy Reviews, 2007, 11(9): 2121-2136.
12~13h 19:00-6:00 5) [13] , .
[J]. , 2003, 33(4): 27-30.
7~8h 11:00-16:00
[14] Zhang Jingfeng, Tamura, Zhaozi. A Basic
7~8h 1065kWh 1.40~2.14 Study on the Effects of Ambient Air
Temperature and Humidity on the Heat
Stress of Human Body: from Physiological/
( Psychological/Autonomic-Nervous/Salivary-
Amylase-Activity Responses[J]. Journal of the
24 C ) Japan Research Association for Textile End-
Uses, 2014, 55(10): 40-49.
12:0019:0021:00
[15] Herkel S, Knapp U, Pfafferott J. Towards a
22:00-9:00 model of user behaviour regarding the manual
control of windows in office buildings[J].
11:0013:0015:0018:0020:00 Building & Environment, 2008, 43(4): 588-600.
22:00-9:00 [16] Haldi F, Robinson D. Interactions with window
[1] Rijal H B, Tuohy P, Humphreys M A, et al. Using openings by office occupants[J]. Building &
186kWh results from field surveys to predict the effect of Environment, 2009, 44(12): 2378-2395.
open windows on thermal comfort and energy
11
use in buildings[J]. Energy & Buildings, 2007,
197.5~398kWh 39(7): 823-836

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 117


Thermal Comfort of Office Buildings During Transitional
Seasons in Severely Cold Regions

[ ] Xing Kai ABSTRACT


[ ] Shao Yu Based on the field measurement of thermal comfort of an
[ ] Sun Huixuan office unit in the severely cold region during transitional

seasons, the paper uses subjective questionnaires with
M T S whom work in the building. Based on mean thermal
( 150006) PMV-PPD PMV sensation (MTS) derived from the questionnaires and the
correlation coefficient of PMV calculated by PMV-PPD
PMV-PPD
( 150006) model, it verifies the accuracy of the PMV-PPD model

of thermal comfort applied in office buildings in the
severely cold region. Through an analysis of regression,
2016/10/31
it quantifies the impact of air temperature and relative
(51578172) humidity on thermal comfort of office units.

KEY WORDS

severely cold region; transitional season; office unit; field
measurement of thermal comfort; questionnaire

1 (thermal response)



[7-8]


[1] [9]

[10]


ASHRAE55-1992
[2] [11]
2002 8 2003 1

(P. O. Fanger)
1) [3] 2) [12]
PMV-PPD ISO7730
3) [6] [13]
ASHRAE55-2004 PMV-PPD
[4-6]

PMV-PPD (Mean
Thermal Sensation, MTS)

118 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
1 2
(cm) (kg)
25.181.12 1634.25 56.097.85 BES-02B -3050 0.5
25.220.78 1733.85 66.895.24 BES-02B 099%RH 3%
25.20.98 1676.69 60.958.74 TESTO480 0 120 1



2.1






2016 5 10 1.5m

20h

1 2h



[14-17]
20 20
10
2

BES-02B

0.6clo TESTO480
0.15clo 2
2
[9]
( 1)20 5min
1
BES-02B

0.1m0.6m 1.1m

[18]
MTS 0.6m


2 2.2

20


A 10
20 4 20
6

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 119



34
[19]

32

(C)
30


28

ASHRAE 26

13 0.5 24
4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
CBE
[20]
3


3 3

2

2


2
1 R 2 (L)=0.744 1 R 2 (L)=0.763

MTS

MTS
0 0

-1 -1
2 y=0.4-10.27 y=0.31-7.9
-2 R2=0.744 -2 R2=0.763
2h 10min
-3 -3
240 171 24 26 28 30 32 34 24 26 28 30 32 34
(C) (C)
5)
3
4 MTS
[21]

6)
SPSS22.0 24C~26C

PMV-PPD 3
SPSS 22.0
3.1 MTS
3 (
( 3) 4)

PMV-PPD 24.48C~34.51C

30.12 C MTS Pearson
24.1 C ~34.2 C 0.863 1

(UC 30.55 C 2011
Berkeley) CBE MTS 0.84
[22]
PMV
SPSS 22.0 3
PMV MTS
MTS PMV-PPD
8 ( 1)
MTS
C
3
5 1
( ) 30.12 34.51 24.48 26C~32C MTS
( ) 30.55 34.2 24.1 MTS =0

120 2017 \ 03
Architectural Technology
3
60
2.5

(%) 50 2

MTS/PMV
1.5
40
1
MTS
30 0.5 PMV

0
20
-0.5

10 -1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180

5 7 MTS PMV

3 3

2

2
40%~60%


1 R 2 (C)=0.260 1 R 2 (L)=0.817
10%

MTS

MTS
0 0

-1 -1
y=1.088-0.154
R2=0.817

-2 -2

-3 -3
0 30 40 50 60 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
(%) PMV
SPSS 22.0
6 MTS 8 MTS PMV
MTS
[6]
0
0.6clo 2 T r =T g
25.675 C MTS
0.6clo
50% MTS
25.7C 25.6C Pearson 0.945 MTS ( 6)
26.3C R 0.873 2
MTS
MTS MTS
MTS
3.3 PMV-PPD
[23]
MTS CBE
4
3.2
MTS 0
PMV PMV MTS
18%~63.05% 42.8% ( 7) 7 MTS
[21]
( 2) 9.43% PMV 0
MTS 0~3 PMV
( 2) 0.5~2.5 MTS
C 5 5 PMV PMV
C C 2.5 MTS PMV PMV 0.5
m/s MTS PMV PMV 1~2 MTS

ARCHITECTURAL JOURNAL 121


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