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Code: 9D17105

M. Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013


ADVANCED FLUID MECHANICS
(Refrigeration & Air Conditioning)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 60


Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
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1 (a) Derive the Navier stokes equation of momentum for 2D fluid flow.
(b) Define tangential and normal accelerations.

2 (a)
(b)
Write short note on Couette flow.
Derive Reynolds number for flow between parallel flat plates.

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R
3 Given the velocity distribution in a laminar boundary layer on a flat plate is:
Obtain expression for boundary layer thickness, shear intensity

4 (a)
and force on one side of plate.

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Describe the different methods of control of boundary layer separation.
(b)

5 (a)

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Obtain expression for Karman integral relation.

What do you understand by turbulent flow? What factors decides the type of flow in pipes?

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(b) Obtain expression for the velocity distribution for turbulent flow in smooth pipes.

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6 (a) Derive thermodynamic relations for stagnation properties.
(b) Deduce expressions for critical pressure ratio and temperature ratio for a compressible fluid

7 J
flow through a nozzle.

Derive an equation describing a Fanno curve. Show three Fanno curves on the temperature
entropy coordinates at three mass flow densities.

8 (a) How and where does the shock wave occur in a nozzle?
(b) Air at a velocity of 1400 kmph as a pressure of 10 kN/m2 vacuum and temperature of 50.16 .
Calculate local mach number and stagnation pressure, density and temperature. Take 1.4,
2
R = 281.43 J/Kg k and barometric pressure = 101.325 kN/m .

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