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Part A

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o Name of Article: Psychology, replication & beyond
o Author: Keith R Laws
o Journal Name: BMC Psychology
o Date of Article: 2016
o There are two types of replication in psychology, direct and conceptual,
and in 1990 only about 1.07% of psychology articles are replications. By
2000 the replication rate was 1.84 times higher. The areas of psychology
that are being replicated are the easier studies like social and cognitive
psychology. A lot of psychological research is targeted at areas that
scientists are curious in rather than at random. In addition, most
replicated psychological research is aimed at positive findings rather than
null findings. The conflicts between the goals of science and the goals of
psychology should not be overlooked and the attitudes of the
psychologists to this transparency of science should be changed.
Part B
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o Title of Article: The Effect of Goal Setting on the Motivation of Sixth Grade
Students with Learning Disabilities to Read Independently
o Author: Rikki L Herman
o Year: 2017
o Students with disabilities, especially in terms of reading, can become
uninterested and experience hardship in areas like comprehension. A
student that struggles with reading is challenged when they dont have
assistance from a teacher. In addition, if students that fall under this
category arent motivated them they cant learn self-regulating skills in
their reading exercises. The study discussed observed the power of
individual goal setting on special education students. The study
concluded that setting a strict and structured reading program with
indivual goal setting parts can increase students (with learning
disabilities) motivation to read and self-regulate their behaviors.
Part C
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o Name of Article: Parasite promotes gut health
o Author: Anonymous
o Journal Article
o Year: April 21, 2016
o Some bacteria found in the stomach can help protect against
inflammation. Some intestinal worms can help promote the growth of
such bacteria. Mice lacking the NOD2 gene, which is linked to Crohns
disease, that are presented to parasitic helminthes are helped by reducing
inflammation in the small intestine. It has been observed the people in
rural areas have a protective balance of microbes in their intestines but
not in people in urban areas; moreover, helminth infections are common
in rural areas. These findings support the idea that microbial
environments that are cleaner can cause people to be more vulnerable to
inflammatory disorders.