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Name of Candidate: ______________

Student ID: ______________


Signature: ______________

THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES


SAMPLE MID-SESSION EXAM
MATS2005
INTRODUCTION TO FLUID DYNAMICS AND HEAT TRANSFER

(1) TIME ALLOWED 110 minutes


(2) TOTAL NUMBER OF QUESTIONS - 5
(3) ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS
(4) THIS PAPER MAY NOT BE RETAINED BY THE CANDIDATE
(5) CANDIDATES MAY BRING: Calculators and Drawing Instruments

ANSWERS MUST BE WRITTEN IN INK. EXCEPT WHERE THEY ARE EXPRESSLY


REQUIRED, PENCILS MAY ONLY BE USED FOR DRAWING, SKETCHING OR
GRAPHICAL WORK.

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NB: State clearly assumptions, if any, made in your equation derivation and/or
calculation.

1. Answer the following questions (20 marks)

(a) Briefly discuss the physical principle based on which the Navier-Stokes equation is
derived.
(b) Briefly discuss the Bernoullis equation for viscous flow.

(Please see over)


2. Develop an expression for the velocity distribution for flow of a fluid (density = ,
viscosity = ) in a vertical cylinder of diameter D and length L. Illustrate the velocity and
shear stress distributions within the fluid. Assuming the flow is the laminar flow in a steady
state and the pressure drop through the cylinder is P. (20 Marks)

3. The surface of a plane, which is inclined to the vertical at 60o, is coated with a film of
lubricating oil of thickness 1 x 10-4 m and viscosity 1.96 x 10-2 Pa.s. Calculate the terminal
velocity reached by a cubical box of mass 20 kg and dimensions 1m x 1m x 1m when it is
placed on the inclined plane and allowed to slide on the film of oil. (20 Marks)

4. A spherical lead shot of diameter 3 mm is fired upward into still air at 300 K over open
water. Calculate:
(a) The drag force that the shot experiences as it leaves the gun barrel at a velocity of 150 m/s
(b) The termil1al velocity that it attains when it falls through the still air.
The density and viscosity of air at 300K are 1.177kg/m3 and 1.8510-5 Pas, the density of
lead is 11,340 kg/m3.
Friction factor: f=24/Re for Re < 0.1; f=18.5/(Re3/5) for 2 < Re < 5 102; f = 0.44 for 5102 <
Re < 105. (20 Marks)

5. In the figure water at 300 K is being pumped from the lower reservoir to the higher
reservoir through a pipe of 0.25 m diameter and equivalent length 75 m. Calculate the power
rating of the pump required to pump water at a flow rate of 0.2m3/s. The efficiency of pump
is 75%.

Data: the friction factor is 9.5 x 10-3. (20 Marks)

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