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If you swim to 4.0m below the surface, what will happen to the absolute pressure on

you?

The absolute pressure quadruples.

The absolute pressure more than doubles.

The absolute pressure exactly doubles.

The absolute pressure less than doubles. correct

Explanation:

2.0m below the surface: P2m=Patm+2g.

4.0m below the surface: P4m=Patm+4g.

While PGague4m/PGague2m=2,P4m/P2m=(Patm+4g)/(Patm+2g) is less than 2.

2. What amount of pressure does a 75.0kg man exert on the ground if the bottom of

each of his shoes covers an area of 250cm2?

12000Pa

13500Pa

14700Pa correct

16800Pa

Explanation:

The area of the man's shoes A=2250cm2=0.050m2.

The pressure exerted by the man on the ground P=WA=735N0.050m2=14700Pa.

3. If the man lifts one of his feet, what happens to the pressure he is exerting on the

ground?

The pressure will double. correct

The pressure will be divide in half.

The pressure will decrease, but not by half.

The pressure will not change.

Explanation:

If the man lifts one foot, the area on which the man's weight is being exerted will be

halved.

Sind Pressure=Force/Area, the pressure will double.

230kPa

330kPa

430kPa correct

530kPa

630kPa

Explanation:

Pgague=3.121000kg/m39.8m/s23m+4.931000kg/m39.8m/s27m

Pgague=430kPa.

5. A hydraulic car lift has a pump piston with radius R1=0.015m and a resultant piston

with radius R2=0.12m. The combined weight of the car and the plunger is W=2500N.

Assume that the height of the piston and plunger are the same.

How much force is required on the pump piston to keep the car in equilibrium?

29N

34N

39N correct

44N

49N

Explanation:

P1=P2

F1A1=F2A2

F1(R1)2=F2(R2)2

F1(R1)2=F2(R2)2

F2=F1(r2)2(r1)2

F2=2500N(0.015m)2(0.12m)2

F2=39N

6. The container is filled 1m with water, 3m with bromine, 4m with iodine, and 2m with

mercury.

462kPa

562kPa correct

662kPa

762kPa

862kPa

Explanation:

Pgague=(hwater+SGbrominehbromine+SGiodinehiodine+SGmercuryhmercury)gwat

er

Pgague=(1m+3.123m+4.934m+13.592m)1000kg/m39.8m/s2

Pgague=562kPa.

N/m2

Pa

kg/ms2

Ns correct

dyne/cm2

Explanation:

and dyne/cm2 in CGS units.

A Newton is defined as 1kgm/s2, which can be plugged in for N in the definition of

a Pa to result in 1kg/ms2.

A Ns is not a unit of pressure. It is a unit of Impulse ( Force Time ).

What is the difference between the pressures inside and outside a tire called?

absolute pressure

atmospheric pressure

gauge pressure correct

N/m2

total pressure

Explanation

Gauge pressure uses atmospheric pressure as a zero reference point while absolute pressure

uses the pressure in a perfect vacuum as a zero reference point. So, the pressure difference

between the inside and the outside of a tire will be called guage pressure.

Buoyancy

Instructions:

Use this information and what you learned from the videos to answer the questions

below.

Important Information:

helium =0.179kg/m3

air =1.204kg/m3

pinewood =510kg/m3

butane =599kg/m3

pinene =857kg/m3

water =1000kg/m3

saltwater =1027kg/m3

trifluoroaceticacid =1489kg/m3

bromine =3120kg/m3

g =9.8m/s2

1. You pour Bromine, Butane, Trifluoroacetic Acid, and Pinene into the same container.

How will these liquids be arranged in your container from top to bottom?

Butane, Pinene, Trifluoroacetic Acid, Bromine correct

Pinene, Butane, Bromine, Trifluoroacetic Acid

Butane, Trifluoroacetic Acid, Bromine, Pinene

Explanation

Fluids with a higher density will sink lower than those with a lower density.

Therefore the fluids will arrange from lowest density (top) to highest density (bottom).

2. A fishing weight is sinking toward the bottom of a lake.

As the fishing weight sinks deeper and deeper, the buoyant _________.force on it

increases

decreases

remains constant correct

will increase or decrease based on the shape of the fishing weight

Explanation

Buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the fishing weight.

Since the fishing weight displaces the same amount of fluid regardless of its depth, the buoyant

force on the fishing weight does not change.

3. n Disney's Up, we see a house float through the air using only helium filled balloons! Let's

use some physics to see what this would take to replicate in the real world! His house and

everything in it has a weight W=1.0856x106N, and each balloon is a perfect sphere with

radius r=28cm.

Assume the house is simply sitting on the ground not connected to anything.

Neglect the weight of the balloons and helium for this first part. How many balloons are

needed to lift the house off the gound?

250000

500000

750000

1000000 correct

1250000

Explanation

The volume of a spherical balloon Vballoon=43r3

Vballoon =43(0.28m)3

Vballoon =0.0920m3

The buoyancy force of the balloons should be equal to the weight of the

house.

FB=W

airnballoonsVballoong=W

nballoons=WairVballoong

nballoons=1.0856x106N1.204kg/m30.0920m39.8m/s2

nballoons=1000000

4. We just calculated the floating house case without taking into consideration the

weight of the balloons or the weight of the helium. Conceptually, how will including

these factor into our results?

It won't have any effect.

We will need more balloons. correct

We will need less balloons.

Explanation

Some of the buoyant force from each balloon will have to counteract the weight of the

helium and the balloon itself. So the effective lifting force of each balloon is less than

the lifting force assumed in the previous problem. Therefore, we will need more

balloons to lift the house.

An empty baloon with radius r=28cm has a weight Wballoon=0.22N.

How many balloons are needed to lift the house off the ground?

1260000

1360000

1460000

1540000 correct

1660000

Explanation

From Question 4: Vballoon=0.092m3

The buoyancy force of the balloons should be equal to the weight of the house plus

the weight of the balloons and helium.

FB=Whouse+Wballoons+Whelium

airVballoonsg=Whouse+Wballoons+HeVballoonsg

airnballoonsVballoong=Whouse+nballoonsWballoon+HenballoonsVballoong

nballoons(airVballoongWballoonHeVballoong)=Whouse

nballoons=WhouseairVballoongWballoonHeVballoong

nballoons=Whouse(Vballoong)(airHe)Wballoon

nballoons=1.0856x106N(0.092m39.8m/s2)(1.204kg/m30.179kg/m3)0.22N

nballoons=1540000

6. A ball with a mass m=0.11kg and a volume V=0.025m3 is tethered to the bottom of a

container filled with water to a depth D=25cm. It is suspended so that the top of the

ball is a distance L=10cm from the bottom of the container.

What is the tension T in the string?

24 N

244 N correct

268 N

312 N

Explanation:

Fy=0

Fb=Wball+T

waterVballg=Mballg+T

T=waterVballgMballg

T=g(waterVballMball)

T=9.8m/s2(1000kg/m30.025m30.11kg)

T=244N

7. A foam pool toy has a volume of 280cm3 and floats on the water in a swimming pool.

A pair of diving goggles with the same volume is resting on the bottom of the pool.

Which one has the greater buoyant force on it?

The foam toy

The diving goggles correct

They have the same buoyant force

Not enough information

Explanation

The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the displaced volume of fluid. Since the googles

are completely submerged, they are displacing more fluid and have a greater buoyant force.

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