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# 1. You are originally 2.0m below the surface of a pool.

If you swim to 4.0m below the surface, what will happen to the absolute pressure on
you?
The absolute pressure more than doubles.
The absolute pressure exactly doubles.
The absolute pressure less than doubles. correct

Explanation:

## absolute pressure of a static column of fluid is given by P=Patm+gh

2.0m below the surface: P2m=Patm+2g.
4.0m below the surface: P4m=Patm+4g.
While PGague4m/PGague2m=2,P4m/P2m=(Patm+4g)/(Patm+2g) is less than 2.

2. What amount of pressure does a 75.0kg man exert on the ground if the bottom of
each of his shoes covers an area of 250cm2?
12000Pa
13500Pa
14700Pa correct
16800Pa

Explanation:

## The man's weight W=mg=75.0kg9.8m/s2=735N.

The area of the man's shoes A=2250cm2=0.050m2.
The pressure exerted by the man on the ground P=WA=735N0.050m2=14700Pa.

3. If the man lifts one of his feet, what happens to the pressure he is exerting on the
ground?
The pressure will double. correct
The pressure will be divide in half.
The pressure will decrease, but not by half.
The pressure will not change.

Explanation:

If the man lifts one foot, the area on which the man's weight is being exerted will be
halved.
Sind Pressure=Force/Area, the pressure will double.

230kPa
330kPa
430kPa correct
530kPa
630kPa

Explanation:

## Pgague=bromine g hbromine+iodine g hiodine.

Pgague=3.121000kg/m39.8m/s23m+4.931000kg/m39.8m/s27m
Pgague=430kPa.

5. A hydraulic car lift has a pump piston with radius R1=0.015m and a resultant piston
with radius R2=0.12m. The combined weight of the car and the plunger is W=2500N.
Assume that the height of the piston and plunger are the same.

How much force is required on the pump piston to keep the car in equilibrium?

29N
34N
39N correct
44N
49N
Explanation:

## Pressure is equal for both pistons.

P1=P2
F1A1=F2A2
F1(R1)2=F2(R2)2
F1(R1)2=F2(R2)2
F2=F1(r2)2(r1)2
F2=2500N(0.015m)2(0.12m)2
F2=39N

6. The container is filled 1m with water, 3m with bromine, 4m with iodine, and 2m with
mercury.
462kPa
562kPa correct
662kPa
762kPa
862kPa
Explanation:
Pgague=(hwater+SGbrominehbromine+SGiodinehiodine+SGmercuryhmercury)gwat
er
Pgague=(1m+3.123m+4.934m+13.592m)1000kg/m39.8m/s2
Pgague=562kPa.

N/m2
Pa
kg/ms2
Ns correct
dyne/cm2

Explanation:

## The SI unit for pressure is a Pa, which is defined as 1N/m2 in SI units

and dyne/cm2 in CGS units.
A Newton is defined as 1kgm/s2, which can be plugged in for N in the definition of
a Pa to result in 1kg/ms2.
A Ns is not a unit of pressure. It is a unit of Impulse ( Force Time ).

What is the difference between the pressures inside and outside a tire called?
absolute pressure
atmospheric pressure
gauge pressure correct
N/m2
total pressure

Explanation

Gauge pressure uses atmospheric pressure as a zero reference point while absolute pressure
uses the pressure in a perfect vacuum as a zero reference point. So, the pressure difference
between the inside and the outside of a tire will be called guage pressure.

Buoyancy
Instructions:
Use this information and what you learned from the videos to answer the questions
below.

Important Information:

helium =0.179kg/m3
air =1.204kg/m3
pinewood =510kg/m3
butane =599kg/m3
pinene =857kg/m3
water =1000kg/m3
saltwater =1027kg/m3
trifluoroaceticacid =1489kg/m3
bromine =3120kg/m3
g =9.8m/s2

1. You pour Bromine, Butane, Trifluoroacetic Acid, and Pinene into the same container.

How will these liquids be arranged in your container from top to bottom?

## Trifluoroacetic Acid, Bromine, Butane, Pinene

Butane, Pinene, Trifluoroacetic Acid, Bromine correct
Pinene, Butane, Bromine, Trifluoroacetic Acid
Butane, Trifluoroacetic Acid, Bromine, Pinene

Explanation
Fluids with a higher density will sink lower than those with a lower density.
Therefore the fluids will arrange from lowest density (top) to highest density (bottom).
2. A fishing weight is sinking toward the bottom of a lake.
As the fishing weight sinks deeper and deeper, the buoyant _________.force on it
increases
decreases
remains constant correct
will increase or decrease based on the shape of the fishing weight

Explanation
Buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the fishing weight.
Since the fishing weight displaces the same amount of fluid regardless of its depth, the buoyant
force on the fishing weight does not change.

3. n Disney's Up, we see a house float through the air using only helium filled balloons! Let's
use some physics to see what this would take to replicate in the real world! His house and
everything in it has a weight W=1.0856x106N, and each balloon is a perfect sphere with
Assume the house is simply sitting on the ground not connected to anything.
Neglect the weight of the balloons and helium for this first part. How many balloons are
needed to lift the house off the gound?
250000
500000
750000
1000000 correct
1250000
Explanation
The volume of a spherical balloon Vballoon=43r3
Vballoon =43(0.28m)3
Vballoon =0.0920m3
The buoyancy force of the balloons should be equal to the weight of the
house.
FB=W
airnballoonsVballoong=W
nballoons=WairVballoong
nballoons=1.0856x106N1.204kg/m30.0920m39.8m/s2
nballoons=1000000

4. We just calculated the floating house case without taking into consideration the
weight of the balloons or the weight of the helium. Conceptually, how will including
these factor into our results?
It won't have any effect.
We will need more balloons. correct
We will need less balloons.
Explanation
Some of the buoyant force from each balloon will have to counteract the weight of the
helium and the balloon itself. So the effective lifting force of each balloon is less than
the lifting force assumed in the previous problem. Therefore, we will need more
balloons to lift the house.

## 5. Now factor in the weight of the balloons and helium.

An empty baloon with radius r=28cm has a weight Wballoon=0.22N.
How many balloons are needed to lift the house off the ground?
1260000
1360000
1460000
1540000 correct
1660000
Explanation
From Question 4: Vballoon=0.092m3
The buoyancy force of the balloons should be equal to the weight of the house plus
the weight of the balloons and helium.
FB=Whouse+Wballoons+Whelium
airVballoonsg=Whouse+Wballoons+HeVballoonsg
airnballoonsVballoong=Whouse+nballoonsWballoon+HenballoonsVballoong
nballoons(airVballoongWballoonHeVballoong)=Whouse
nballoons=WhouseairVballoongWballoonHeVballoong
nballoons=Whouse(Vballoong)(airHe)Wballoon
nballoons=1.0856x106N(0.092m39.8m/s2)(1.204kg/m30.179kg/m3)0.22N
nballoons=1540000

6. A ball with a mass m=0.11kg and a volume V=0.025m3 is tethered to the bottom of a
container filled with water to a depth D=25cm. It is suspended so that the top of the
ball is a distance L=10cm from the bottom of the container.
What is the tension T in the string?
24 N
244 N correct
268 N
312 N

Explanation:

## The ball is in vertical equilibrium.

Fy=0
Fb=Wball+T
waterVballg=Mballg+T
T=waterVballgMballg
T=g(waterVballMball)
T=9.8m/s2(1000kg/m30.025m30.11kg)
T=244N

7. A foam pool toy has a volume of 280cm3 and floats on the water in a swimming pool.
A pair of diving goggles with the same volume is resting on the bottom of the pool.
Which one has the greater buoyant force on it?
The foam toy
The diving goggles correct
They have the same buoyant force
Not enough information

Explanation
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the displaced volume of fluid. Since the googles
are completely submerged, they are displacing more fluid and have a greater buoyant force.