You are on page 1of 38

ARMADURA

DATOS:
E= 20000000 Tn/m2
A= 0.0005067075 m2
EA= 10134.149582 Tn

SOLUCION:

1.Definir el sistema local de coordenadas para las barras {q'}-{d'}

Barra 1: L1= 5 m

2026.8299164 -2026.82992
[k']1=
-2026.829916 2026.829916

Barra 2: L2= 3.6055512755 m


2810.7073808 -2810.70738
[k']2=
-2810.707381 2810.707381

Barra 3: L3= 4.472135955 m

2266.0647359 -2266.06474
[k']3=
-2266.064736 2266.064736

2.Definir el sistema global de coordenadas para las barras {q} - {d}

Barra 1: 1= 37 0.645771823
L1= 5m

1292.7499776 974.1569814
[k]11=
974.1569814 734.0799388

-1292.749978 -974.156981
[k]12=
-974.1569814 -734.079939

1292.7499776 974.1569814
[k]22=
974.1569814 734.0799388

Barra 2: 2= 123.690068 2.15879893


L2= 3.6055512755 m

864.83304026 -1297.24956
[k]11=
-1297.24956 1945.874341
-864.8330403 1297.24956
[k]12=
1297.2495604 -1945.87434

864.83304026 -1297.24956
[k]22=
-1297.24956 1945.874341

Barra 3: 3= 206.56505118 3.605240263


L3= 4.472135955 m

1812.8517888 906.4258944
[k]11=
906.42589438 453.2129472

-1812.851789 -906.425894
[k]12=
-906.4258944 -453.212947

1812.8517888 906.4258944
[k]22=
906.42589438 453.2129472

3.Determinar el numero de grados de libertad de la estructura

# gdl = 3

4.Ensamblaje de la Matriz de Rigidez

{( ) } {( ) }
{( ) } {( ) } Rotado

{( ) } {( ) }

ECUACION DE{ }=[]{ }


EQUILIBRIO

{({ }_1@{ }_2@{ }_3@{ }


_4 )}=[8([]_11&[]_12&[]_13&[]_14@[]_21&[]_22&[]_
23&[]_24@[]_31&[]_32&[]_33&[]_34@[]_41&[]_42&[]
_43&[]_44 )]{({ }_1@{ }_2@{ }_3@{ }_4 )}


MATRIZ DE ROTACION = 30 0.52359878
[]=[8(cos& sin @sin&cos )]
0.866025404 -0.5
=
0.5 0.8660254038
[]^=[8(cos&sin@ sin &cos )]
0.866025404 0.5
=
-0.5 0.8660254038
ROTAR FUERZAS Y DESPLAZAMIENTOS QUE SE ENCUENTREN EN EL APOYO ROTADO
{({ }_1@{ }_2@[]{() }_3@{ }
_4 )}=[8([]_11&[]_12&[]_13&[]_14@[]_21&[]_22&[]_
23&[]_24@[]_31&[]_32&[]_33&[]_34@[]_41&[]_42&[]
_43&[]_44 )]{({ }_1@{ }_2@[]{() }_3@{ }_4 )}

INTRODUCIR LA MATRIZ DE ROTACION EN LA MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ 1


{({ }_1@{ }_2@{() }_3@{ }_4 )}=[8([]_11&[]_12&[]_13
[]&[]_14@[]_21&[]_22&[]_23 []&[]_24@ []^
[] _31&[]^ []_32&[]^ []_33 []&[]^
[]_34@[]_41&[]_42&[]_43 []&[]_44 )]{({ }_1@{ }_2@{() }
_3@{ }_4 )}

{( ) } {( ) }

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ EN EL SISTEMA

[]=[8([]_11&[]_12&[]_13&[]_14@[]_
21&[]_22&[]_23&[]_24@[]_31&[]_32&[]_33&
[]_34@[]_41&[]_42&[]_43&[]_44 )]

{( ) } {( ) } Rotado

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ EN SISTEMA

DE LA ECUACION . 1
ELIMINAR LOS COEFICIENTES QUE NO CORRESPONDEN A LOS GRADOS DE LIBERTAD

MATRIZ REDUCIDA

BARRA 1

1292.7499776 974.1569814
[k]22=
974.1569814 734.07993877
BARRA 2

864.83304026 -1297.24956
[k]22=
-1297.24956 1945.8743406

BARRA 3

1812.8517888 906.42589438
[k]22=
906.42589438 453.21294719

3970.4348066 583.3333154
=
583.33331539 3133.167227

-2023.18865 121.4380432
=
-1011.594325 60.7190216

2023.1886495 -121.438043
=
1011.5943248 -60.7190216

2257.9299295 -135.527941
=
-135.5279412 8.134806401

3970.4348066 583.3333154 -2023.18865 121.438043


583.33331539 3133.167227 -1011.594325 60.7190216
=
[K] -2023.18865 -1011.59432 2257.9299295 -135.52794
121.4380432 60.7190216 -135.5279412 8.1348064

[K] 3970.4348066 583.3333154 -2023.18865


=
583.33331539 3133.167227 -1011.594325
-2023.18865 -1011.59432 2257.9299295

5 .Determinacin de {Q}
2
{Q} = -5
0

6.Determinacin de {D}

Aplicando la ecuacion
{ }=[]{ } de equilibrio

0.0004720028 5.690419E-05 0.000448426 2


{D} = 5.690419E-05 0.000380001 0.000221236 -5
0.0004484261 0.0002212357 0.000943808 0

0.0006594848
{D} = -0.001786197
-0.000209326

7. Determinacin de {d}

BARRA 1

d1 D1 0
{d} = d2 = D2 = 0
d3 D3 0.0006594848
d4 D4 -0.001786197

BARRA 2

d7 D7 0
{d} = d8 = D8 = 0
d3 D3 0.0006594848
d4 D4 -0.001786197

BARRA 3

d5* D5 -0.000209326
{d} = d6* = D6 = 0
d3 D3 0.0006594848
d4 D4 -0.001786197
[]x{(D5
@D6)}
d5 D5 -0.0001813
{d} = d6 = D6 = = -0.0001047
d3 D3 0.0006594848 0.00065948
d4 D4 -0.001786197 -0.0017862

[]^=[8(cos&sin&0&0@0&0&cos&sin )]
9.Determinacin de {d}

{}=[]^ {}

BARRA 1 = 37 0.645771823
[]^=

0.79863551 0.6018150232 0 0
0 0 0.79863551 0.6018150232
[]=
0.79863551 0
0.6018150232 0
0 0.79863551
0 0.6018150232

{d'} = 0
-0.000548272

BARRA 2 = 123.69006753 2.15879893


[]^=

-0.554700196 0.8320502943 0 0
0 0 -0.5547002 0.8320502943
[]=
-0.554700196 0
0.8320502943 0
0 -0.554700196
0 0.8320502943

{d'} = 0
-0.001852022

BARRA 3 = 206.56505118 3.605240263


[]^=

-0.894427191 -0.447213595 0 0
0 0 -0.89442719 -0.447213595
[]=
[]=
-0.894427191 0
-0.447213595 0
0 -0.894427191
0 -0.447213595

{d'} = 0.0002089503
0.0002089503

10.Determinacin
{}=[]{} de {q'}

BARRA 1

{q'} = 1.1112541615
-1.111254161

BARRA 2

{q'} = 5.2054912793
-5.205491279

BARRA 3

{q'} = 1.665335E-16
-1.665335E-16

10.Determinacin de {q}

0.89
{q'} = 0.67
-0.89
-0.67

-2.89
{q'} = 4.33
2.89
-4.33

0.00
{q'} = 0.00
0.00
0.00
MADURA
PORTICOS

DATOS:

f'c = 210 kg/cm2 0.3


b = 0.3 m
h = 0.3 m 0.3
v = 0.2
= 1.2 G=/((+))
E = 2188197.888675 tn/m2
A = 0.09 m2
I = 0.000675 m4 =3/(^2 )
EA = 196937.8099807 tn
EI = 1477.033574855 tn/m2
G = 911749.1202811
*L2 = 0.0648

Determinar el numero de grados de libertad de la estructura


Definir las coordenadas generalizadas {Q}-{D}
Definir el sistema local de coordenadas {q}-{d}

1. Definir {q'} - {d'}


BARRA 1 L = 5 m = 0.002592

[k']1= 39387.56199614 0 0 -39387.562 0


0 35.08504406 175.4252203 0 -35.08504406
0 175.4252203 879.3996123 0 -175.4252203
-39387.5619961 0 0 39387.561996 0
0 -35.08504406 -175.4252203 0 35.08504406
0 0 0 0 0

[k']11= 39387.56199614 0 0
0 35.08504406 175.4252203
0 175.4252203 879.3996123

[k']12= -39387.5619961 0 0
0 -35.08504406 0
0 -175.4252203 0

[k']22= 39387.56199614 0 0
0 35.08504406 0
0 0 0

BARRA 2 L = 4 m = 0.00405
49234.4525 0 0 -49234.4525 0 0
0 272.5288282674 545.05765653 0 -272.5288283 545.05765653
[k']2= 0 545.0576565349 1459.3737068 0 -545.0576565 720.85691936
-49234.452 0 0 49234.4525 0 0
0 -272.528828267 -545.0576565 0 272.52882827 -545.0576565
0 545.0576565349 720.85691936 0 -545.0576565 1459.3737068

49234.4525 0 0
[k']11 = 0 272.5288282674 545.05765653
0 545.0576565349 1459.3737068

-49234.452 0 0
[k']12 = 0 -272.528828267 545.05765653
0 -545.057656535 720.85691936

49234.4525 0 0
[k']22 = 0 272.5288282674 -545.0576565
0 -545.057656535 1459.3737068

2. Definir {q} - {d}

[]=[8(cos&sin&0@sin&cos&0@0&0&1)]
Definimos [R]

[]=[][] []^
[]=[][] []^

BARRA 1 = 53 0.9250245036

0.60181502 -0.79863551 0
[R] = 0.79863551 0.6018150232 0
0 0 1

0.60181502 0.79863551 0
[]^ = -0.7986355 0.6018150232 0
0 0 1

23704.0265 31456.30566431 0
-28.020162 21.1147066031 175.4252203
-140.10081 105.5735330154 879.39961235

14287.8172 18914.01436717 -140.1008103


[k]11 = 18914.0144 25134.82986606 105.57353302
-140.10081 105.5735330154 879.39961235

-23704.027 -31456.3056643 0
28.0201621 -21.1147066031 0
140.10081 -105.573533015 0

-14287.817 -18914.0143672 0
[k]12 = -18914.014 -25134.8298661 0
140.10081 -105.573533015 0

23704.0265 31456.30566431 0
-28.020162 21.1147066031 0
0 0 0

14287.8172 18914.01436717 0
[k]22 = 18914.0144 25134.82986606 0
0 0 0

BARRA 2 = 0 0

1 0 0
[R] = 0 1 0
0 0 1

1 0 0
[]^ = 0 1 0
0 0 1

49234.4525 0 0
0 272.5288282674 545.05765653
0 545.0576565349 1459.3737068

49234.4525 0 0
[k]11 = 0 272.5288282674 545.05765653
0 545.0576565349 1459.3737068

-49234.452 0 0
0 -272.528828267 545.05765653
0 -545.057656535 720.85691936

-49234.452 0 0
[k]12 = 0 -272.528828267 545.05765653
0 -545.057656535 720.85691936

49234.4525 0 0
0 272.5288282674 -545.0576565
0 -545.057656535 1459.3737068

49234.4525 0 0
[k]22 = 0 272.5288282674 -545.0576565
0 -545.057656535 1459.3737068

3. Ensamblaje de la Matriz de Rigidez.


[K] =

Reemplazando :

14287.8172 18914.01436717 0 49234.452495 0


[K] = 18914.0144 25134.82986606 0 + 0 272.52882827
0 0 0 0 545.05765653

63522.2697 18914.01436717 0
[K] = 18914.0144 25407.35869433 545.05765653
0 545.0576565349 1459.3737068

4.Solucion del problema


4.a Solucion del problema primario y calculo de vectro R

BARRA 1

{}={^ }

{}={{}_(1 )/{}_2 }

{}={{}_(1 )/{}_2 }={8(0@0@0)/8(0@0@0)}

0
0
{q'} Prim = 0
0
0
0
BARRA 2
{}={^ }
{}={{}_(1 )/{}_2 }

{}={{}_(1 )/{}_2 }={8(0@6@4)/8(0@6@4)}

0
6
{q'} Prim = 4
0
6
-4

DETERMINACION DEL VECTOR FUERZAS DE FIJACION {R}.

{}={}_1+{}_2 .1

Determinacion de {R}1
{}_1={}={8(0@2@0)} = {8(0@2@0)}

0
{R}1 = 2
0

Determinacion de {R}2
Fuerzas de Empotramientos en el sistema {q} - {d}.

{}={{}_(1 )/{}_2 }= { []{} _(1 )/([]{}_2 )}

BARRA 1

0
0
{q} Emp = 0
0
0
0

BARRA 2

0
6
{q} Emp = 4
0
6
-4

Ensamblaje de {R}2

={8({1 }_(1 )@{1 }_(2 )+ {2 }_(1 )@{2 }_(2 ) )}


{}_2={{1 }_(2 )+ {2 }_(1 ) }

0 0
{R}2 = 0 + 6
0 4

0
{R}2 = 6
4

REEMPLAZANDO {R}1 Y {R}2 EN LA ECUACION 1

0
{R} = 8
4

4.b Solucion del problema complementario

0
{Q} = -8
-4

DETERMINACION DE {D}

{}=[]{}
2.02723086E-05 -1.521322E-05 5.681945E-06
[]^(1 )= -1.5213219E-05 5.109324E-05 -1.90827E-05
5.68194541E-06 -1.908268E-05 0.000692353

D4 0.000098978
{D} = D5 = -0.000332415
D6 -0.002616749

DETERMINACION DE {d}

BARRA 1
d1 D1 0
d2 D2 0
{d} = d3 = D3 = 0
d4 D4 0.000098978
d5 D5 -0.000332415
d6 D6 -0.002616749

BARRA 2
d7 D7 0.000098978
d8 D8 -0.000332415
{d} = d9 = D9 = -0.002616749
d4 D4 0
d5 D5 0
d6 D6 0

DETERMINACION DE {d'}Compl

[]=[8([]&[0]@[0]&[] )]
{}=[]^ {}

{}= {{}_1/{}_2 }= {( [] ^
{}_1)/( [] ^ {}_2 )}

BARRA 1

0
0
{d'} = 0
-0.0002059121
-0.0002790998
-0.0026167489

BARRA 2
0.000098978
-0.0003324152
{d'} = -0.0026167489
0
0
0

SOLUCION DEL PROBLEMA COMPLEMENTARIO A NIVEL DE LAS FUERZAS {q'} Compl

{}_=[]{}

{}_={{
}_1/{}_2 }

BARRA 1

8.1103770852
0.0097922279
{q'}Compl 0.0489611396
-8.1103770852
-0.0097922279
0

BARRA 2

4.8731263524
-1.51687175
{q'}Compl -4
-4.8731263524
1.51687175
-2.067487

5.Respuesta Estructural

5.a. A nivel de las deformaciones

{}={}_+{}_
{}_={0}
BARRA 1

0
0
{d'} = 0
-0.0002059121
-0.0002790998
-0.0026167489

BARRA 2

0.000098978
-0.0003324152
{d'} = -0.0026167489
0
0
0

5.b. A nivel de las fuerzas

{}={}_+{}_

BARRA 1
0 8.11 8.11
0 0.01 0.01
{q'} 0 + 0.05 = 0.05
0 -8.11 -8.11
0 -0.01 -0.01
0 0.00 0.00

BARRA 2
0 4.87 4.87
6 -1.52 4.48
{q'} 4 + -4.00 = 0.00
0 -4.87 -4.87
6 1.52 7.52
-4 -2.07 -6.07

CALCULO DE {q}

BARRA 1
4.87
6.48
{q} 0.05
-4.87
-6.48
0.00

BARRA 2
4.87
4.48
{q} 0.00
-4.87
7.52
-6.07
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
545.05765653
1459.3737068
]
17838.853 0 0 -17838.853 0 0
0 19.223 73.199 0 -19.223 73.199
[K] = 0 73.199 371.643 0 -73.199 185.8215
-17838.853 0 0 17838.853 0 0
0 -19.223 -73.199 0 19.223 -73.199
0 73.199 185.8215 0 -73.199 371.643

[R] = 0.394 0.92 0


-0.92 0.394 0
0 0 1

[R]T = 0.394 -0.92 0


0.92 0.394 0
0 0 1