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SULIT NAMA MURID 55/2

ANGKA GILIRAN

JABATAN PELAJARAN SARAWAK

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PMR 2010


55/2
SAINS
Kertas 2
Ogos
1 ½ jam Satu jam 30 minit

Kod Pemeriksa
1. Tulis nama penuh dan angka giliran anda
Markah Markah
pada ruang yang disediakan. Bahagian Soalan
Penuh Diperoleh
2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam Bahasa 1 6
Inggeris dan Bahasa Melayu

3. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di 2 6


halaman 2.
3 6
A
4 7

5 7

6 7

7 8
B
8 12

JUMLAH 60

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 19 halaman bercetak


[Lihat sebelah

55/2 @ 2010 Hak cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


2

For SECTION A
Examiner’s BAHAGIAN A
Use

[40 marks]
[40 markah]

Answer all questions.


Jawab semua soalan.

1. Diagram 1 shows a cross section of a human eye.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan keratan rentas mata manusia.

Q:
PP: :

R:

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a) On Diagram 1, label structures, P, Q and R using the following words:


Pada Rajah 1, labelkan struktur-struktur, P, Q dan R menggunakan perkataan berikut:

Lens Retina Vitreous humour


Kanta Retina Gelemaca

(3 marks)
(3 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For
(b) Draw lines to match each structure of the eye with its function. Examiner’s
Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap struktur mata dengan fungsinya. Use

Structure of the eye Function


Struktur mata Fungsi

Detects light and produces nerve impulses


Mengesan cahaya dan menghasilkan saraf
P impuls

Maintains the shape of the eyeball and


Q helps in refracting light
Mengekalkan bentuk mata dan membantu
dalam pembiasan cahaya

R Focuses light onto the retina


Menfokuskan cahaya ke atas retina

(3 marks)
(3 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For 2. Diagram 2 shows the growth curve of a human.


Examiner’s Rajah 2 menunjukkan graf lengkungan pertumbuhan manusia.
Use
Height (cm)
Tinggi (cm)

Height S
(cm) Age (years)
0 3 10 18 65 Umur (tahun)

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

(a) Name the stages S, T and U.


Namakan peringkat S, T dan U.

(i) S : ……………………………………………………………………………..

(ii) T : …………………………………………………………………………….

(iii) U : ……………………………………………………………………………
(3 marks)
(3 markah)

(b) State two physical changes in the body of a girl who is undergoing puberty.
Nyatakan dua perubahan fizikal dalam badan seorang perempuan yang mencapai
akil baligh.

(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………

(ii) ……………………………………………………………………………………
(2 marks)
(2 markah)

(c) Suggest one class of food required for the physical changes in (b).
Cadangkan satu kelas makanan yang diperlukan untuk perubahan fizikal seperti di
(b).

.........................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(1 markah)
55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT
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3. (a) Diagram 3.1 shows an experiment to study the magnetic field formed when a current For
flows through a straight wire. Examiner’s
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji medan magnet yang Use
dihasilkan apabila satu arus mengalir melalui satu wayar lurus.

Cardboard
Kadbod
Dry cells
Sel kering

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(i) On Diagram 3.1, draw the lines of magnetic field formed.


Pada Rajah 3.1, lukiskan garis medan magnet yang terbentuk .

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Based on Diagram 3.1, state the direction of the magnetic field produced.
Berdasarkan Rajah 3.1, nyatakan arah medan magnet yang dihasilkan.

……………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(iii) Name one method that can be used to determine the direction of the magnetic
field.
Namakan satu kaedah untuk menentukan arah medan magnet.

……………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For (iv) Suggest one way to increase the strength of the magnetic field produced.
Examiner’s Cadangkan satu cara untuk menambah kekuatan medan magnet yang terbentuk.
Use
……………………………………………………………………………………..
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(b) Diagram 3.2 shows an iron nail.


Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan satu paku besi.
Iron nail
Paku besi

Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.2

(i) What happen to the nail when the current flows through wire that is wound
around the iron nail?
Apakah yang terjadi kepada paku besi apabila arus mengalir melalui
dawai melilit pada paku besi?

………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Name one device that used the concept in (b)(i).


Namakan satu alat yang menggunakan konsep dalam (b)(i).

………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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4 Diagram 4 shows an experiment to study the density of several substances. For


Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji ketumpatan beberapa bahan. Examiner’s
Use

Cork
Gabus Corn oil
Minyak jagung

Ice
Ais
Water
Air

Glycerine
Glass Gliserin
Kaca

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

(a) (i) Why does the cork float on water?


Mengapakah gabus terapung di atas air?

………………………………………………………………………………………….

(1mark)
(1 markah)
(ii) Why does the glass sink in the glycerine?
Mengapakah kaca tenggelam dalam gliserin?

………………………………………………………………………………………….

(1mark)
(1 markah)
(b) Arrange all the substances (glass, ice, cork, corn oil, water and glycerine) according to their
density in an ascending order.
Susun semua bahan (kaca, ais, gabus, minyak jagung, air dan gliserin) mengikut
ketumpatan mengikut susunan menaik.

………………………………………………………………………………………………...

(1mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For (c) (i) Water has a density of 1g / cm³. Predict what will happen if turpentine with a
Examiner’s
Use density of 0.9 g/cm³ is put in the water.
Air mempunyai ketumpatan 1g/cm³. Ramalkan apa yang berlaku sekiranya
turpentin dengan ketumpatan 0.9 g/cm³ dimasukkan ke dalam air.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Give a reason for your answer.


Berikan alasan kepada jawapan anda.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(d) An egg sinks in water.


Sebiji telur tenggelam di dalam air.

(i) Suggest a way how you can float the egg in water.
Cadangkan satu cara bagaimana anda dapat mengapungkan telur di dalam air.

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Give a reason for your suggestion.


Berikan alasan bagi cadangan anda.

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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5. Diagram 5 shows an experiment carried out by a student. For


Rajah 5 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan oleh seorang pelajar. Examiner’s
Use

Gas jar
Burning candle Balang gas
Lilin bernyala

Water
Air

Beginning of Experiment End of Experiment


Awal Ekperimen Akhir Ekperimen

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

(a) What is the aim of the experiment?


Apakah tujuan eksperimen ini?

.............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(b) (i) State one observation at the end of the experiment.


Nyatakan satu pemerhatian pada akhir eksperimen.

……………………………………………………………………………………….
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Give an explanation to your observation.


Berikan keterangan untuk pemerhatian anda.

.....................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(c) (i) Name the gas needed for the burning of the candle.
Namakan gas yang diperlukan untuk pembakaran lilin.

...................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(1 markah)
55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT
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For (ii) State one other use for this gas.


Examiner’s Nyatakan satu lagi kegunaan gas ini.
Use
..............................................................................................................................

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(d) Why water does not enter the gas jar at the beginning of the experiment?
Mengapakah air tidak memasuki balang gas pada awal ekperimen?

………………………………………………………………………………………...

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(e) What is the percentage of air used for burning?


Berapa peratuskah udara digunakan untuk pembakaran?

.......................................................................................................................................

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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6. Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set up to investigate the effects of smoking on the lungs. For
Rajah 6 menunjukkan radas yang disediakan untuk mengkaji kesan merokok ke atas peparu. Examiner’s
Use

Thermometer
Cigarette
Termometer
Rokok

To filter pump
Ke pam penuras
U-tube
Conical flask
Tiub-U
Kelalang kon
Cotton
Kapas Bicarbonate indicator
Penunjuk bikarbonat

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

(a) (i) What happens to the colour of the cotton wool?


Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada warna kapas?

………………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(ii) Give an explanation to your observation.


Beri satu penjelasan kepada pemerhatian anda.

………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(b) In the experiment, the temperature reading increases. What causes the temperature to
increase?
Pada eksperimen tersebut, bacaan suhu meningkat. Apakah menyebabkan suhunya
meningkat?

……………………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For (c) In Diagram 5, what inference can be made based on the observation on the bicarbonate
Examiner’s indicator?
Use Dalam Rajah 5, apakah inferens yang dapat dibuat berdasarkan pemerhatian pada
penunjuk bikarbonat?

……………………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(d) State one harmful effect of cigarette smoke on the human respiratory system.
Nyatakan satu kesan bahaya asap rokok ke atas sistem respirasi manusia.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(e) Besides cigarette smoke, name one air pollutant that is harmful to our respiratory
system.
Selain daripada asap rokok, namakan satu bahan pencemar yang berbahaya kepada
sistem respirasi kita.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

(1 mark)
(1 markah)

(f) State two ways to improve air quality.


Nyatakan dua cara untuk menperbaiki kualiti udara.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
(2 marks)
(2 markah)

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For
Examiner’s
Section B Use
Bahagian B

[20 marks]
[20 markah]

Answer all questions.


Jawab semua soalan.
7 Diagram 7 shows the organism, J, K, L and M.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan organisma, J, K, L dan M.

J K

L M

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Based on your observation in Diagram 7,


Berdasarkan pemerhatian anda pada Rajah 7,

(a) State the reproductive method of organisms.


Nyatakan kaedah pembiakan organisma.

J: ………………………………………………………………………………………..

K: ………………………………….……………………………………………………..

L: ………………………………………………………………………………………..

M: ……………………………….……………………………………………………….

[4 marks ]
[4 markah ]

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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For (b) Classify the organisms into two groups based on their own characteristic.
Examiner’s Kelaskan organisma-organisma kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan ciri-ciri
Use sepunya.

J, K, L, M

Common characteristic
Ciri-ciri sepunya

Name of the
organism
Nama organisma

[4 marks ]
[4 markah ]

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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8 Diagram 8 shows an experiment to investigate the effect of the size of solute particles on the For
Examiner’s
rate of dissolving. Use
Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan saiz bahan larut ke atas kadar
keterlarutannya.

Stir
Kacau

Time taken to dissolve = 19 s


Fine sugar
Masa yang diambil untuk melarut
Gula halus P P

Stir
Stir
Kacau
Kacau

Coarse sugar Time taken to dissolve = ……..s


Gula kasar Q Q Masa yang diambil untuk melarut

Stir
Stir
Kacau
Kacau

Sugar cube Time taken to dissolve =…….s


Kiub gula Masa yang diambil untuk melarut
R R
Diagram 8
Rajah 8

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


16

For Procedure:
Examiner’s Prosedur:
Use
i) 5g of sugar of different sizes are being added to 100 cm³ of distilled water at room
temperature in beakers P, Q and R.
5 g gula yang berlainan saiz dimasukkan ke dalam 100 cm³ air suling pada suhu bilik
dalam bikar P, Q dan R.

ii) Stir the mixtures in beakers P, Q and R at the same rate.


Kacau campuran dalam bikar P. Q dan R pada kadar yang sama.

iii) The time taken for the sugar to dissolve is observed.


Masa yang diambil oleh gula untuk melarut diperhatikan.

(a) In Table 8.1, record the time taken for the sugar to dissolve.
Dalam Jadual 8.1, rekodkan masa yang diambil oleh gula untuk melarut.

Size of solute Time taken to dissolve (s)


Saiz bahan larut Masa yang diambil untuk melarut (s)

Fine sugar
Gula halus

Coarse sugar
Gula kasar

Sugar cube
Kiub gula

Table 8.1
Jadual 8.1
[ 3 marks ]
[ 3 markah]

(b) What inference can be made based on the result in Table 8.1?
Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 8.1?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………….

[ 1 mark ]
[1 markah]

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


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(c) Based on the data in Table 8.1, draw a bar chart to show the time taken for the sugar For
to dissolve in each beaker. Examiner’s
Use
Berdasarkan kepada data pada Jadual 8.1, lukis carta bar untuk menunjukkan masa
yang diambil oleh gula untuk melarut dalam setiap bikar.
Masa yang diambil untuk gula larut (s)
Time taken for the sugar to dissolve (s)

Size of solute
Saiz bahan larut

[ 3 marks]
[3 markah}

(d) Based on the bar chart drawn in 8 (c), state the relationship between the size of the
solute and the time taken for it to dissolve.
Berdasarkan kepada carta bar yang dilukis di 8(c), nyatakan hubungan antara saiz
bahan larut dengan masa yang diambil untuk melarut.

………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]
[ 1 markah]
55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT
18

For (e) State the variables in this experiment.


Examiner’s Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini.
Use

Manipulated variable
Pembolehubah yang dimanipulasi

Responding variable
Pembolehubah yang bergerak balas

[ 2 marks ]
[2 markah]

(f) Predict the time taken for the sugar in beaker P to dissolve if the temperature of the
water is 60˚C.
Ramalkan masa yang diambil oleh gula dalam bikar P untuk melarut sekiranya suhu air
itu adalah 60˚C.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]
[1 markah]

(g) State the operational definition for the rate of dissolving.


Nyatakan definisi secara operasi untuk kadar keterlarutan.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]
[1 markah]

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


19

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. This question paper consists of two sections : Section A and Section B.


Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian : Bahagian A dan Bahagian B.

2. Answer all questions in both sections.


Jawab semua soalan dalam kedua-dua bahagian.

3. Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper.


Tulis jawapan anda pada ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan ini.

4. If you wish to change your answer, cross out the answer that you have done.
Then write down the new answer.
Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan, batalkan jawapan yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru.

5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

6. Marks allocated for each question or sub-part of a question are shown in brackets.

Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.


Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

8. Hand in this question paper to the invigilator at the end of the examination.

Serahkan kertas soalan ini kepada pengawas peperiksaan pada akhir peperiksaan

55/2 @ 2010 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Sarawak SULIT


SULIT 1 55/2

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PMR 2010


MARKING SCHEME
SKEMA PERMARKAHAN

SUBJECT CODE 55 / 2

SUBJECT SCIENCE

PAPER TWO

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN
JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
1 (a) Students should be able to label the parts of the microscope correctly
P: Lens / Kanta 1
Q: Vitreous Humuor / Gelemaca 1
R: Retina / Retina 1

(b) Students should be able to match the structure of the eyes with its function
correctly.

Detects light and produces nerve


impulses.
Mengesan cahaya dan menghasilkan 1
P
saraf impuls

Maintains the shape of the eyeball and


Q helps in refracting light
Mengekalkan bentuk mata dan 1
membantu dalam pembiasan cahaya

R Focuses light onto the retina.


Menfokuskan cahaya ke atas retina
1

Total 6

55 / 2

Lihat sebelah SULIT


SULIT 2 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN MARKAH
JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU
2 A student should be able to name the stages of human correctly;
(a) (i) Infancy/Bayi 1
(ii) Adolescence/Remaja 1
(iii) Adulthood/Dewasa 1

A student should be able to state two physical changes in the body of a girl during
puberty correctly.
(b) (i) Enlargement of breasts/Pembesaran buah dada //
(ii) Hips become wider and rounder/Punggung menjadi lebar dan bulat //
(iii) Menstruation begins/Haid bermula //
2
(iv) Rapid increase in height/Peningkatan pesat dalam ketinggian //
(v) Growth of armpit hair and pubic hair/Pertumbuhan bulu ketiak dan bulu pada
bahagian kemaluan //
(vi) Ovaries release ova or egg/Ovari mengeluarkan ovum atau telur //

(c) A student should be able to suggest one calls of food required correctly

Protein/Protein // Mineral/Mineral // Carbohydrates/Karbohidrat 1


TOTAL 6

55 / 2

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SULIT 3 55/2

3 (a) (i) A student should be able to draw the lines of magnetic field correctly.

Accept if the student just draw a line without the direction


(ii) A student should be able to state the direction correctly;
Clockwise/Ikut arah jam 1

(iii) A student should be able to name the method used correctly;


Using plotting compass// Menggunakan Kompas penanda // 1
Compass/Kompas //
Right hand grip rule/Petua Genggaman Tangan Kanan @ Hukum Genggaman
Tangan Kanan.

(iv) A student should be able to suggest one way to increase the strength of the
magnetic field correctly;
Increase the number of dry cell/Tambah bilangan sel kering // 1
Increase the size of wire/Tambah saiz dawai
(b) (i) A student should be able to answer correctly.
1
It will become magnetised/Ia menjadi magnet//
Become electromagnet/Menjadi elektromagnet
(ii) A student should be able to name the device correctly.
1
Fire alarm/Pengera kebakaran//
Electric Door Bell/Loceng pintu elektrik//
Crane/Kren//
Telephone/Telefon//
(any relevant answer/jawapan yang berkaitan)
TOTAL 6

55 / 2

Lihat sebelah SULIT


SULIT 4 55/2

ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


QUESTION JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
SOALAN
4 (a) A student should be able to give reason correctly

(i) The density of cork is less than the density of water/ Ketumpatan gabus kurang 1
daripada ketumpatan air//
The density of water is more than the density of cork/Ketumpatan air lebih
daripada ketumpatan gabus

The density of glass is more than the density of glyserine/Ketumpatan kaca


(ii) 1
lebih daripada ketumpatan gliserin //
Density of glyserine is less than the density of glass/Ketumpatan gliserin
kurang daripada ketumpatan kaca//

(b) A student should be able to arrange all the substances according to their
density in ascending order correctly;

Cork, Corn oil, Ice, Water, Glyserine, Glass/Gabus, Minyak Jagung, Ais, Air, 1
Gliserin, Kace

(c) A student should be able to answer correctly.

(i) Turpentine will float on water/Turpentin akan terapung di atas air 1

(ii) The density of turpentine is less than the density of water/Ketumpatan


turpentine adalah kurang daripada ketumpatan air 1
(d) A student should be able to answer correctly

(i) Dissolve a lot of salt in the water/Larutkan garam yang banyak di dalam air 1

(ii) Salt increase the density of water/Garam meningkatkan ketumpatan air// 1


The egg floats if the density of water is more than the density of eggs/Telur
akan terapung apabila ketumpatan air adalah lebih daripada ketumpatan telur
TOTAL 8

55 / 2

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SULIT 5 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
5 (a) A student should be able to state correctly;
1
To find the percentage of oxygen in air/Menentukan peratus oksigen
dalam udara

(b) A student should be able to state correctly;

(i) The candle is extinguished/goes out/Lilin itu padam 1


(ii) Water level rises/Paras air meningkat
1

(c) A student should be able to name the gas and the uses correctly

(i) Oxygen/Oksigen 1
(ii) Respiration/Respirasi.// Decomposition/Penguraian //
Rusting/Pengaratan 1

(d) A student should be able to give reason correctly

Air occupies space/Udara memenuhi ruang 1

(e) A student should be able to answer correctly


1
20% // 20 // 20/100
TOTAL 7

55 / 2

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SULIT 6 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
6 (a) A student should be able to answer correctly;

(i) Cotton wool becomes stained/turns brown //Kapas bertukar


warna/menjadi warna coklat 1

(ii) Cigarette smoke contains tar or tobacco tar/Asap rokok mengandungi tar 1
atau tar tembakau
(b) A student should be able to give reason correctly:
1
Heat from the cigarette smoke/Haba daripada asap rokok

(c) A student should be able to answer correctly;

Cigarette smoke contains acidic gases/Asap rokok mengandungi gas


berasid 1

(d) A student should be able to answer correctly; 1

Lung cancer/kanser paru-paru // Bronchitis/Bronkitis // Emphysema/


Asthma/Asma //

(e) A student should be able to answer correctly


1
Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide //
Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen dioksida, karbon monoxide

(f) A student should be able to answer correctly

Ban open burning/Melarang pembakaran terbuka//


Car polling/Berkongsi Kereta // 1
Prohibit smoking/Melarang merokok 1
TOTAL 8

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SULIT 7 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
7 (a ) A student should be able to state the reproductive method of the 1 for
organisms correctly: every
characteris
J: Spore formation/Pembentukan spora tic
K: Seeds/Biji benih ( max. 4 )
L: Seeds/Biji benih
M: Spore formation/Pembentukan spora

7 (b) A student should be able to classify J, K, L and M into two groups,


based on common characteristics

J, K, L, M

2 – in
Common Reproduce through Not reproduce through pairs
characteristic the seeds/spore/flower/sexu
Ciri sepunya seeds/spore/flower/sex ally//
ually// Tidak membiak melalui
Membiak melalui biji biji benih/spora/
benih/spora/ bunga/seks
bunga/seks

2
Name of the (Seeds/Bijih benih) (No Seeds/Tiada bijih
organisms/Na Balsam Plant/Pokok benih)
ma organisma keembung// Fern/Paku pakis//
Sunflower/Bunga Mushroom/Cendawan
Matahari

Accept any relevant answer/Terima sebarang jawapan yang berkaitan

TOTAL 8

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SULIT 8 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
8 (a) Student should be able to record time taken for this experiment:

Size of solute Time taken to dissolve (s)/


Saiz bahan larut Masa yang diambil untuk larut (s)
Fine sugar 19 1
Gula halus
Coarse sugar 36 1
Gula kasar
Sugar cube 53
Kiub gula 1

(b) Student should be able to state the inference.

The rate of dissolving depends on the size of the solute particles/Kadar


keterlarutan bergantung kepada saiz partikel bahan larut // 1
The size of solute particles affect/influence the rate of dissolving / Saiz
partikel bahan larut mempengaruhi kadar keterlarutan

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SULIT 9 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
(c) Student should be able plot a graph to show the temperature of the water 3 points
in the beakers. correct – 2
marks
60
2 points
Masa yang diambil untuk gula larut (s)
Time taken for the sugar to dissolve (s)

correct – 1
50
mark

40 1 point
correct – 0
marks
30
Tidy and
20 neat
presentati
on – 1
10 mark
(Size of
the bars
0 should be
Fine Sugar Coarse Sugar Sugar cube the same)
Gula halus Gula kasar Kiub gula

Size of solute/Saiz bahan larut

(d) Student should be able to state the relationship between the size of the
solute and the time taken for it to dissolve correctly.

The finer the size of the solute particles, the faster the rate of
dissolving/Semakin halus size partikel bahan larut, semakin cepat kadar 1
8 keterlarutanya.//
The coarser the size of the solute particles, the slower the rate of
dissolving / Semakin kasar size partikel bahan larut, semakin lambat
kadar keterlarutannya

(e) Student should be able to state the variables of the experiment correctly.

Manipulated variable Size of solute particles/Saiz


Pembolehubah yang dimanipulasi partikel bahan larut 1

Responding variable The time taken for the sugar to


1
Pembolehubah yang bergerak balas dissolve/Masa yang diambil
oleh gula untuk larut
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SULIT 10 55/2

QUESTION ANSWER IN ENGLISH VERSION / MARK


SOALAN JAWAPAN DALAM VERSI BAHASA MELAYU MARKAH
(f) Student should be able to predict the time taken for the sugar to dissolve 1
correctly.

Less than 19 s / Kurang daripada 19 saat

(g) Student should be able to define operationally “rate of dissolving”

The time taken for the solute to dissolve


Masa diambil oleh bahan larut untuk larut. 1

TOTAL 12

END OF THE MARKING SCHEME

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