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KNC 1101: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY I

LABORATORY MANUAL

EXPERIMENT B
Osborne Reynolds Theorem
Demonstration

Faculty of Engineering

Department of Chemical Engineering & Energy Sustainability

Semester 2_ 2013/2014
KNC 1101: Chemical Engineering Laboratory I 2013/2014

INTRODUCTION

The theory is named in honour of Osborne Reynolds, a British engineer who


discovers the variables that can be used as a criterion to distinguish between
laminar and turbulent flow. The Reynolds number is widely used dimensionless
parameters in fluid mechanics

Objective of the Experiment

1) To compute Reynolds number (R)


2) To observe the laminar, transitional and turbulent flow

Prior Knowledge

1) Fluid dynamics (fluid in motion)


2) Volume-flow measurement

Materials and Equipment

1) Osborne Reynolds demonstration unit


2) Camera
Note: Please bring your own camera. You can use your own handphone
camera
3) Tap water
4) Stopwatch
5) Beaker (100 ml)
6) Measurement Cylinder (100 ml)

Prepared by Mohamed Afizal Mohamed Amin 2


KNC 1101: Chemical Engineering Laboratory I 2013/2014

METHODOLOGY

1. Lower the dye injector until it is seen in the glass tube


2. Establish water supply by connecting the inlet hose to a water source
3. Open the inlet valve and allow water to enter stilling tank.
4. Ensure a small overflow spillage through the over flow tube to maintain a
constant level.
5. Allow water to settle for a few minutes. Check for any leaking.
6. Open the flow control valve fractionally to let water flow through the
visualizing tube.
7. Fill up the dye reservoir with the blue ink
8. Slowly adjust the dye control needle valve until a slow flow with dye
injection is achieved
9. Regulate the water inlet and outlet valve until it reach 15 ml/s.
10. Observe the ink pattern in observation tube and take the picture. Include
that picture in your discussion (Question 2).
11. Repeat the experiment by regulating water inlet and outlet to 20, 30, 40
and 60 ml/s
12. After finish the experiment, stop water supply and drain the stilling tank.
13. Ensure that all of you fill up instrument user book.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

1. What is the Reynolds Number for each flow rate and type of the flow?

Flow rate, Q (mL/s)


Reynolds Number Type of Flow *
(approximate)
15
20
30
40
60
* Laminar / Turbulent / Transitional

Additional Information:
Kinematics viscosity of water at
Diameter of the pipe, D = 0.0148 m
Area, A

2. Based on your observation, discuss what are the differences between


laminar, turbulent and transitional flow? Support your answer with the
visual that you take for each flow rate.

Prepared by Mohamed Afizal Mohamed Amin 3