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CALC 1 & 2-22

TRANSPO-45

THERMO 2-14

HEAT-22

SEPA-62

MOMENTUM-5

CALC:

22. A radioactive material was originally weighed 10 grams and after 6 months, only 1.7 grams
remain. What is the half-life of the radioactive material?

GIVEN:
NO= 10 grams
N= 1.7 grams
t= 6 months

REQUIRED: half-life, t1/2

SOLUTION:

=
1.7 = (10)( ()(6) )
= 0.2953
ln 2
1 =
2
ln 2
1 =
2 0.2953

1 = 2.3473 ~2.35 ()
2

TRANSPO:

45. A perfect venturi with throat diameter of 1.8 inches is placed horizontally in a pipe with a 5 in.
inside diameter. Eighty pounds of water flow through the pipe each second. What is the
difference between the pipe and venturi throat static pressure?

GIVEN:
venturi throat diameter,D2= 1.8 inches
pipe inside diameter, D1=5 inches
mass flow rate,m= 80 lbs/s

REQUIRED:
difference between the pipe and venturi throat static pressure

SOLUTION:

80 / 3
= = = 1.2821
62.4 / 3

4 (4)(1.2821)
1 = 2 = = 9.4027
1 5 2
() ( )
12
4 (4)(1.2821)
2 = 2 = 2 = 72.5520
2 1.8
() ( )
12

1 2 22 12
=
2

(1 2 )(1728) (72.5520)2 (9.4027)2 12


=( )( )
(62.4) (2)(32.174) 1

1 2 = 34.8521 ~34.8 ()

THERMO 2:

14. In an ideal cycle we assume that the feedwater pump is isentropic. Furthermore, the
temperature of the water is 46C and it behaves as an incompressible liquid, even at 15 MPa.
Calculate the work done by the pump to the surroundings.

GIVEN:
P1=15 MPa
T1=46C

REQUIRED: Work done by pump, W


SOLUTION:

, 46, 2 = 10.0622

+ = + +

(1)(15000 10.0622)
= (1) ( )
1000

= 14.9899~15 ()

HEAT:

22. A flat plate has one surface insulated and the other exposed to the sun. The exposed surface
absorbs solar radiation at a rate of 800 W/m2 and dissipates heat to the surrounding air at 300 K. If the
emissivity of the surface is 0.9 and the surface heat transfer coefficient is 12 W/m2.K, determine the
surface temperature of the plate.

GIVEN:
Q

SEPA:

62. Estimate the tray diameter of an absorber whose tray spacing is 24 inches having a foaming
factor of Ff=0.90, a fraction flooding of f=0.80 and a surface tension of 70 dynes/cm.

MOMENTUM:

5. Spherical particles of uniform diameter 40 m and particle density 2000 kg/m3 form a
suspension of solids volume fraction 0.32 in a liquid of density 880 kg/m3 and viscosity 0.0008
Pa-s. Assuming Stokes Law applies, Calculate the sedimentation velocity for this suspension.

GIVEN:
dp=40 m
L=880 kg/m3
p=2000 kg/m3
Vf=0.32
=0.0008 Pa-s

REQUIRED: sedimentation velocity, vs

SOLUTION:

from graph, ts=50;h1S=15

1 15
= = = 0.30 ()
50