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Table of Content

Unit One : Meeting People .................................................................................................. 3


1.1. Greetings ....................................................................................................................... 3
1.2. Introducing Oneself ....................................................................................................... 7
1.3. Introducing Other .......................................................................................................... 11
Unit Two : Close Relationship ............................................................................................. 15
2.1. Family Members and Relatives ..................................................................................... 15
2.2. Family Tree .................................................................................................................... 18
2.3. Friendship ...................................................................................................................... 23
Unit Three : Jobs .................................................................................................................. 29
3.1. Occupation and Job Responsibilities ............................................................................. 29
3.2. Working Outdoor .......................................................................................................... 36
Unit Four : Are You Feeling Well? ....................................................................................... 42
4.1. Part of The Body ............................................................................................................ 42
4.2. Health Problems ............................................................................................................ 44
Unit Five : Routines and Leisure Activities ......................................................................... 53
5.1. Routines ........................................................................................................................ 53
5.2. Leisure Activities ........................................................................................................... 58
Unit Six : Shopping .............................................................................................................. 62
Unit Seven : My Campus Life .............................................................................................. 73
Appendices .......................................................................................................................... 83
References ........................................................................................................................... 101

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Syllabus of Unit One

Topics/Themes Competencies Language components Skills

Meeting people: Greeting people; Vocabulary about Listen to identify


responding greetings (formal and varieties of greetings,
1. Greetings greetings; informal, times of day, responses, times of
introducing greetings, responses day and goodbyes
2. Introduction
oneself, and goodbyes and formal and informal.
introducing introductions (personal
someone; asking information names,
someone, places of origins,
Read about specific
requesting and nationalities, addresses, details about greetings
exchanging ages (telling numbers),
and introductions.
personal occupation, hobbies;
information introducing oneself and
other people); spelling,
sounds and Write to complete a
intonation; grammar chart/form of ones
(pronouns subject, personal information
object and possessive and oneself/someones
adjective, verb Be, introduction).
sentences: statements,
Yes/No questions and
short answers and Wh- Speak about
questions) requesting personal
information,
exchanging personal
information and
introducing oneself and
other people.

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1 Meeting people
1.1. Greetings
Study the pictures and match them with the times of day, greetings and goodbyes.

a .......................... b ........................ c .......................

d ..................... e .....................

Formal Greetings: Arriving Informal Greetings: Arriving

Good morning / afternoon / evening Hi / Hello


Hello (name), how are you? How are you?/ How are you doing?
Good day Sir / Madam (very formal) What's up? (very informal)

Reminder
It's important to note that the question "How are you?" or "What's up?" doesn't
necessary need a response. If you do respond, these phrases are generally expected:
Very well, thank you. And you? (formal)
Fine / Great (informal)

Formal Greetings: Arriving Informal Greetings: Arriving

Good morning / afternoon / evening Nice seeing you!


It was a pleasure seeing you. Goodbye / Bye
Goodbye. See you later
Note: After 8 p.m. - Good night. Later (very informal)

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Vocabulary
Read the words and expressions. Add one more. Then, listen to the words and repeat
after your instructor.

Greetings
Hi. Responses
Hello. Fine. Goodbyes
How do you do? Great. Bye. Times of
How are you? Goodbye. day
Good.
How are you Goodnight. Morning.
Okay. Afternoon
doing? See you
Hows it going? Not so good. Evening
later.
Good morning. How do you do? . .
Good evening. ..

Language focus Study the italic words: pronouns and Verb BE ( am, is
are),how and the sentences (statements and questions) in
Pronouns and Verb be the following.
Wh-word (how)

1. I am very well today. 5. A: How are Doni and Sabrina?


2. Sabrina is fine. B: Theyre okay.
3. How are you, sir? 6. A: Is your sister, okay today?
4. A: How is Dony? B: No, she isnt. She is not so good.
B: Hes very well, thanks. 7. A: Are you okay, now?
B: Yes. Im very well.
8. See you soon. Bye.

Sounds /e/ : well


/u/ : good today you soon
/au/ : now
/i/-/i:/ : evening see
/ei/ : great
/ai/ : fine bye night
/th/ : thanks
Listen to your instructor pronouncing the words in the
Listening conversation below.
Student 1 : Good morning, Syahrial.
Student 2 : Good morning, Ita. How are you?
Student 1 : Fine, thanks. How are you?
Student 2 : Great. Nice to see you, Ita.
Student 1 : Nice to see you too, Syahrial.

Speaking Replace the word in italic and practice the conversation

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Study the pictures and fill in the blank the appropriate
Practice A
times of day, greetings and good bye.

a ..................... b ..................... c ..................... d .....................

e ..................... f .................... g ..................... h .....................

Use the right word from the box to complete the phrases
Practice B
or sentences below.

(a) Fine (b) afternoon (c) how (d) this (e) see
(f) good (g) tonight (h) am (i) very

1. you tomorrow. 6. I .. great.


2. How are you ..? 7. How are you .. evening?
3. well, thanks. 8. Good ..
4. , thank you. 9. . are you?
5. evening.

Listen to the conversation. Then identify the missing parts


Listening
and complete them based on what you hear.

1. A: How are you, ? 6. A: Good night, Madam. you


B: Very well tomorrow.
2. A: Hello, Syarif. How are you? B: Good .
7. A: How Mr. Najib Sulaiman, ?
B: , thanks.
B: very well, thanks.
3. A: How are you this afternoon? 8. A: How your and sister today?
B: Fine, thanks. ? B: .. okay.
4. A: Good afternoon, sir. How are you? 9. A: your Mr. and Mrs. Sulaiman ..?
B: Good afternoon, Deny. Im , thanks. B: No. are not ..
5. A: . , Ms. Sarah. How . your sister? 10. A: . Mr. Santoso well?
B: is ., thank you. B: Yes. Hes very well. you?

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Speaking Practice performing greetings or goodbyes based on the given
pictures.

Good-bye, Syahrial. ........................... .......................


Bye, Ita. ........................... .......................
See you tomorrow. ........................... .......................
See you then. ........................... .......................

....................... .......................
....................... .......................
....................... .......................
....................... .......................
Reminder Mr. for single and married males / Ms. for single and married
Use appropriate titles. females

Speaking Practice taking roles greetings in informal conversations below.

John: Good morning.


Alan : Good morning. How are you? Anna: Tom, what's up?
John: I'm very well thank you. And you? Tom : Hi Anna. Nothing much. I'm just
Alan : I'm fine. Thank you for asking. hanging out.
John: Do you have a meeting this What's up with you?
morning? Anna: It's a good day. I'm feeling fine.
Alan : Yes, I do. Do you have a meeting as Tom : How is your sister?
well? Anna: Oh, fine. Not much has changed.
John: Yes. Well. It was a pleasure seeing Tom : Well, I have to go. Nice seeing you!
you. Anna: See you later.
Alan : Goodbye.

Nurul : Oh, hello Lia. How are you doing?


Lia : I'm well. Thanks for asking. How are you?
Nurul : I can't complain. Life is treating me well.
Lia : That's good to hear.
Nurul : Good to see you again. I need to go to my
doctor's appointment.
Lia : Nice seeing you.
Nurul : See you later.

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1.2. Introducing one self
Personal Data Information Preview of vocabularies

Name : Name age place of origin


Address : hobby like Nationality
Age : live call work
Place of origin : Pleased pleasure happy
Hobby : spell meet Nickname
Ocupation : introduction interesting address
Nationality : occupation nice glad
...................... : ................ Introduce

Expressions

Mentioning name: Talking about place of origin: Referring to hobby:


Im .. Im from . My hobby is ..
My name is . I come from My hobbies are ..
My friends call me .. I like .
Mentioning address:
Call me
I live in . Referring to nationality:
Telling occupation: I live on Im
Im a/an I live at .
I work as . My address is ..

Speaking With your partner, practice the conversation below.

Satria : Hello, Im Satria Hermawan.


Yuni : Hi! My name is Sari Wahyuni Mahmud.
But please call me Yuni.
Satria : Nice to meet you, Yuni. You can call me Tri.
Yuni : Nice to meet you, too. OK, Tri. Whats your last
name again? And how do you spell it?
Satria : Hermawan. H-E-R-M-A-W-A-N.

A. Match the questions in column A with the responses


Writing in column B.

1. How do you pronounce your first a. M-A-H-M-U-D


name? b. Its Sari, with the stress on Sa.
2. Excuse me, whats your first name c. Oh, its Sari.
again? d. Every one calls me Yuni.
3. How do you spell your last name? A B

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B. Fill in the blank and reorganize the numbered phrases below as dialog
1. Pleased ................ too. 1. Yes, I am Tia. What ........ name?
2. ..........Ms. Rahwa Dewi, the head of the
2. Hello, Ive never see you before.
department?
Are you a new student?
3. Hello, Im Ahmad Yusuf, a new lecturer in
this department? Im pleased ......... 3. My ............ Dodi, nice ........... you.
4. Yes, thats right. 4. See ............., good bye.
5. What can I ............... you, Mr. Ahmad Yusuf? 5. ............. meet you too.

Listen to the dialogs and fill in the blanks in the following


Listening dialogs.

Dialog (I):
Student A : Good (1).. How are (2). this morning.
Student B : Im just (3), thanks. And how are you?
Student A : Fine, (4). Are you a (5)..?
Student B : Yes, I am. You are a student too, ..?
Student A : My name is (6).
Student B : Whats your (7). name?
Student A : Harris. My full name is Harris Jamaluddin.
Student B : Very glad to (8). you Harris. My name is Sholeh.
Student A : (9).. your last name, Sholeh?
Student B : My last name is (10)...
Student A : (11) do you (12) your last name?
Student B : J-A-L-A-L-U-D-D-I-N.
Dialog (II)
Student A : Hi! My name .(1)..Beverly Moore.
Student B : (2). Im Rafika.
Student A : (3)..to meet you, Rafika.
Student B : Me too. Just (4). me Fika. (5).... you from the States, Beverly?
Student A : Yes, from Denver.
Student B : Oh, thats in Colorado, right?
Student A : Thats right.
Student B : Youre a (6)here?
Student A
Student B : Karawitan. (8) . Do you like it?
Student A : Oh, its (9)And what about you? Whats (10)... major?
Student B : I (11). choreography.
Student A : Hey, thats (12).

With partner, practice the dialog above. Change the


Speaking personal information above with your personal info.

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Read the text about ones personal data. Then transfer the
Reading
data of each person into the table.
1. My name is Elizabeth Ann Thomson. My friends call me Liz. Originally, I am from
Seattle. Washington. But now I live in Los Angeles, California. My address is 648 North
Flower Street.

2. May I Introduce myself? My name is Kotaro Nagata. Im from Osaka, Japan. Im a


construction engineer and I work for PT. Jaya Obayashi. I usually play golf on
Saturdays.

3. Hello, Im Kustinah Sulaeman. My friends call me Tin. I live on Jalan Maulana Yusuf in
Bandung. Just in case you want to call me, my phone number is 210-397. Im a medical
student at Padjadjaran University. Every morning I go to college by motorbike. I like
sports very much. On Sundays I usually go swimming with my friends.

Name Elizabeth Kotaro Kustinah


Nickname Liz
Place of
Occupation
Address
Phone
Hobby

A. Introduce yourself to the class. Refer to the reference


Speaking box.

Reference Box
Your name
Where you are from
Your address B. Practice introducing yourself to each other.
What you do (your
occupation)
Your hobbies
Your major.
Your favorite foods. C. Sit with a partner. Ask each other the questions below:

1. Whats your full name?


2. Where do you come from?
3. How old are you?
4. Where do you live?
5. Do you live with a roommate?
6. What is your major?
7. Are you interested in music?
8. What is your favorite music?
9. etc.

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Writing Write the information about youself at least five sentences.

...................................................................................................
Reminder ...................................................................................................
...................................................................................................
...................................................................................................
Sentence : ............................................................................................
Must contain at least :
A main Subject and a Fill in the blank the text below with the correct word or
phrase.
main verb.
Ex : Hello, I ..... Cici Susanti. My friends ........... Cici. ...... on
My name is Beni. Jalan Delima Sakti in Pekanbaru. Just in case you ..... to call
(Sbj) (Verb) me, ........ number is 640-327. ...... an English education
student at UIN Suska Pekanbaru. Every morning, .... to college
I live in Riau.
by motorbike. ..... like reading very much. On Sundays, I
(Sbj) (Verb)
usually ..... swimming with .... .

Complete the data of personal information below.

Personal Information

Name
Student number
Birthday
Place of birth
Sex
Hobby/s
Address
Major
Faculty
Place of origin
Phone number

Interview Greeting Role Play : Be the interviewer.


Interview your 2 partners and complete the form of
Hello
personal info above. Use interview greeting as the
Good morrning. refference for the warming up!
How are you?
Nice to see you.
Have a seat/sit down
please!
I have a few questions
for you.

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1.3. Introducing other
Study the conversation below :

Dialog (2)
Fika : Hi, Adi. Let me introduce my friend,
Dialog (1) Renita Budiasih.
Farid : Rina, this is Harris, and this is Reni : How do you do? I am Renita Budiasih.
Donna. My friends call me Reni. Nice to meet
Rina : Hello, Harris. Hello Donna. Glad you.
to meet you. Adi : How do you do? Im Adi Kurniawan.
Donna : Hello, Rina. Im very pleased to Call me Adi. Very nice to meet you,
meet you. too. Are you and Fika students here?
Harris : How do you do, Rina. Its a Reni : Yes. We study at State Islamic
pleasure to meet you. University of Sultan Syarif Kasim, Riau.

Review - Numbers

1 One 11 Eleven 21 Twenty-One

2 Two 12 Twelve 22 Twenty-Two

3 Three 13 Thirteen 23 Twenty-Three

4 Four 14 Fourteen 24 Twenty-Four

5 Five 15 Fifteen 25 Twenty-Five

6 Six 16 Sixteen 26 Twenty-Six

7 Seven 17 Seventeen 27 Twenty-Seven

8 Eight 18 Eighteen 28 Twenty-Eight

9 Nine 19 Nineteen 29 Twenty-Nine

10 Ten 20 Twenty 30 Thirty

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Language Focus Study and identify noun/pronoun and verb in the text below:

Noun Im Johan da Lopez. I come from Dili, East Timor. I work


Ex : name, Tono, for PT Berca, an agent of Nike Company, USA. I am thirty-five
street, place, Table, years old. My wife, Ningsih is from Solo, Central Java. She is a
book, house. customer-service officer. We have a daughter, Caecilia
Pronoun Ayuningrum. We call her Ayu. She is in the fifth grade of
Ex : I, you, she, her, elementary school. She likes to draw, and she says she wants to
his, me, him, my, become a painter one day. We live at Jalan Melati III No. 22,
your, us, they. Cimanggis.
Verb : My wife and I go to the office by bus. Ayu walks to
Ex : Am, is, are, call, school, because it is nearby. On Sundays we usually stay home
go, Study, read, do, and watch television. On Saturdays we like to go swimming. The
does. three of us are real swimming freaks.

Group the words of pronouns and verbs from the text above
Practice A into in the chart below.

Pronouns (Subject)

Pronouns (Object)

Pronouns (Possesive)

Verbs

Students play with a ball. One student throws the ball to the
Game other. Then the student who catches the ball introduces
himself/herself.

Be the MC. Work in a group of three or four. Introduce one or


Roleplay two people in the group to the other(s). Do this like your role
as an MC.

Study texts below to find the personal data and answer the
Reading given questions.

Hi, my name is Kathy. I am a secretary. I work in an office. I have worked there


for 5 years. I like my job very much. I like my boss and my co-workers. I am 27 years old.
I have long blonde hair and blue eyes. I am 155 centimeters tall and I weigh 50 kilograms.
I live in an apartment on Park Road. My phone number is 234-5678. I am single. I dont
have a boyfriend. In my free time I like to go swimming. I also enjoy reading novels.

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Questions

1. What is her name? 8. How tall is she?


2. What is her job? 9. How much does she weigh?
3. Where does she work? 10. Where does she live?
4. How long has she worked there? 11. What's her phone number?
5. Does she like her job? 12. Is Kathy married?
6. How old is she? 13. Does she have a boyfriend?
7. What does she look like? 14. What does she like to do in her free
time?

Hello, my name is Charles. I am a bank manager. I work in an office, too. I have


worked there for 20 years. I like my job very much, too. I like my boss and my co-
workers. I am 54 years old. I have short, brown hair and brown eyes. I am 175
centimeters tall and I weigh 80 kilograms. I live in a house on Maple Street. My phone
number is 695-3452. I am married. My wifes name is Susan. We have 2 children. We
have one son and a daughter. When I have free time I like to play golf. I also like to play
cards.

Question

1. What's his name? 8. Where does he live?


2. What's his job? 9. What's his phone number?
3. How long has he worked there? 10. Is Charles married?
4. How old is he? 11. Does he have any children?
5. What does he look like? 12. How many sons does he have?
6. How tall is he? 13. How many daughters does he have?
7. How much does he weigh? 14. What does he like to do when he has
free time?

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Syllabus of Unit Two

Topics/Themes Competencies Language components Skills

Close Talking about close Vocabulary about Listen to similar


Relationship relationship : families, family members sounds and details
families, family and friend; grammar about a family and gap
members and (use of fills activity.
friendship, asking this/that/these/those and
and exchanging Wh-questions: How old
information about .? How many?);
Read for details about
families and friend, pronunciation (this- family members and a
introducing family these, daughter doctor, role models.
members, drawing niece nice, son
family tree and soon), use of adjective
describing family Descriptive adjectives :
members based on Married, small, Happy, Write a family tree
a family tree Nice, Kind, friendly, etc.
Write good friend
qualities.

Speak to ask and


answer questions
about family members,
describe ones family,
good friend and bad
friend.

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2 Close Relationship
2.1. Family Members and Relatives
Do you know the words of family members in each of the
Snapshot
pictures/photos given?

They are married.


They are spouse.
They dont have children.

It is a small family.
These parents have one
child. Their child is a boy.
He is their son.

Vocabulary
brother family grandmother nephew
father aunt relatives stepfather
husband child/children daughter brother-in-law
uncle grandfather stepmother sister -in-law
wife cousin niece family members
grandchild son grand daughter spouse

Family Member

Grandparents (grandfather and grand


mother)
Parents (father and mother) spouse
(husband/wife)
Child/children (daughter/son)
(siblings)brother/sister

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Relatives

aunt uncle cousin


stepfather niece stepmother
brother-in-law sister -in-law nephew

Language Focus
The use of : Who..?
This these
That those

Example : A: Who is this? A: Who is that?


1 2
B: This is my uncle B: That is my brother.

A: Who are these? A : Whose are those?


3 4
B: These are my parents. B: Those are my brother and sister.

Similar Sounds The list of the words that has similar sound :
whos whose daughter doctor nice niece
son soon this these aunt ant
uncle ankle parents - friends

Practice A Fill in the blank with the correct word.

1. .. is my brother. (this/these) 4. Are . your brothers? (that/those)


2. Is your sister? (that/those) 5. are my parents. (this/these)
3. Who is .. girl over there? (this/that)

Game Guess who she/he is or who they are

1. My fathers brother UNCLE 6. Fathers wife


2. My uncles daughter 7. Son or daughter
3. My brothers daughter 8. Parents and children
4. A female child 9. Mothers husband
5. My fathers daughter

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Practice B Ask your classmate who is that? or who are those?

1 He is my .. 2 Shes my .. 3 Shes my ..

4 They are my 5 They are my 6 Shes my ..

7 He is my 8 She is my .... 9 He is my ..

Listen to your instructor reading the complete passage. Then


Listening
complete the text below.

(1).. Amirasya Indrakusuma, but (2) .. call me Mia.


Im a (3) student majoring in (4) I (5) from
a big family. There are (6). children and Im right in the
middle. My oldest (7).., Anto works as an interior
(8) The second oldest, Icok, has just graduated from the
..(9) of Law. And my two younger (10).., Dita and
Dinda, are still in senior high school.

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2.3. Family Tree
Study the family tree and the text below.

Mr. Harjo and Mrs. Ratih Harjo have two sons, one daughter and four
grandchildren. Their sons are Hasan and Hasim. Their daughter is Hera. Hera is married to
Haryo and they have the only daughter. Her name is Febby. Hasan is married to Tami and
they have three children. Their names are Yuni, Joko and Ragil. Hasim is not married.

Language Focus Example :


1. My name is Hasim.
Verb have and 2. I have one brother and one sister but I dont have children.
Possessive adjectives 3. Their names are Hasim and Hera.
(my, your, our, his, her,
4. Hera has one daughter and Hasan has three children.
their, its).
5. Hera doesnt have a son.

Practice A Give name and role in the family for the picture below.

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Practice B Fill in the blank to complete the sentence below.

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Question and Answer Pretend that you are Joko to answer the questions.

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Ask and answer the questions about the members in the
Study the family tree family tree.

Example : 3. A: Whats his job?


1. A: How old is Mr. Harjo? B: Hes retired.
B: Hes seventy years old
4. A: Who is his wife?
2. A: How many children does B: His wife is Ratih.
he have?
B: He has three children

Example : 3. A: What is her job?


1. A: How old is Ms. Ratih? B: She has retired.
B: She is Sixty five years old.
4. A: Who is her husband?
2. A: How many children does B: Her husband is Mr. Harjo.
she have?
B: He has three children

Note :
Make questions and answers for all of the family members in the family tree.

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Writing Write to describe family members in the family tree below.

Draw the picture of your family tree and tell your family
Practice C
members to the class.

Listening to a family (www.esl-video.com); then draw a


Listening
family tree and answer questions related to the video.

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2.4. Friendship
Discuss with your partner/s the pictures below and answer the questions.

1. What do the pictures about?


2. Which picture shows a good friendship?
3. Which picture shows a bad friendship?
4. From the pictures shown above, what are the characteristics/qualities of good friends?
5. From the pictures shown above, what are the characteristics of bad friends?
6. Do you have a close friend?

Vocabulary
Trust Partner Friendly Bully
buddy pal Close Habit
Acquaintance Comrade Lie Share
Bad Honest together Pretend
Male/female friend Reliable Care Bond
Girl/Boy Support Nice Agreement
Gentle Funny Help Forgive
Dependable special Treat Ignore

Are you a good friend? Choose the answer that is true for
Practice A
you.

1. Your friend has not done their homework. What do you do?
a. promise not to tell b. let your friend copy c. tell the teacher
2. Its your friends birthday. What will you do?
a. buy a present b. say Happy Birthday c. forget
3. Your friend has forgotten his/her lunch. What do you do?
a. share yours b. eat yours in front of them c. lend them money

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4. Your friend calls you while you are watching your favourite TV programme.
a. ignore them b. chat to them c. ask them to call later
5. You get a very good mark in a school test and your friend gets a bad mark.
a. help them next time b. call your friend stupid c. say oh dear
6. You are playing football and your friend falls over. What do you do?
a. run on and score a goal b. stop and help c. kick the ball out
7. You borrow money from a friend.
a. forget to pay it back b. wait for them to ask c. give it back soon
8. Your best friend is on holiday for 3 weeks.
a. text/email every day b. text/email once c. find another friend

Language Focus Adjective is used to describe noun. Examples :

Adjectives : I have a good friend. He is a kind person.


Good, bad, honest, close, (A) (N) (A) (N)
fun, happy, sad, gentle, She is happy because her friend is not sad anymore.
(N) (A) (N) (A)
special, loyal, nice, kind,
best. Note : A (Ajective), N (Noun)

What does a good friend and a bad friend do? Read the
Practice B
sentences below and write them in the correct chart.

A Good Friend VS A Bad Friend


Talks behind your back Tries to understand your problems
Cares about you and you problem Only cares about him/herself
Helps you when you are in need Treats you in a nice and kind way
Tells your secrets to other people Does not listen to your problems
Always with you in bad times Tries to solve your problem
Shouts at you when you make Keeps your secret
mistake Does not help you when you need
Shares everything with you Makes fun of you
Takes your possessions without
permission

......................................................... .........................................................
........................................................ ........................................................
......................................................... .........................................................
........................................................ ........................................................
......................................................... .........................................................
........................................................ ........................................................
......................................................... .........................................................
........................................................ ........................................................
......................................................... .........................................................
......................................................... .........................................................

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Write four thinks about your friend and tell the class about
Practice C
what you have written.
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

Practice D Read the following text and rearrange the underlined words.

Example : I think I have the strteaeg (greatest) friends in the world.

I think I have the strteaeg friends in the world. They are just as ritnpatmo to me as family.
In fact, they are my family, really. My best friends and I all grew up ogterteh and serdha
so many experiences together. We know everything about each other. I would do
anything for my friends and Im sure theyd do yannithg for me. Im sure theres nothing
in the world that could stop us from being friends. Ive also made lots of other good
friends from uritsinvye and the different places Ive oerdwk. They are also important to
me. We are now all over the world and its sometimes uliicfftd to meet each other, but we
stay in htocu. One day Id like to get all of my friends together for a big yrpat. Thatd be
great fun.

Read the following text and answer the questions given by


Reading
choosing true or false.
Some friends come into our lives for just a short time. Others come and stay forever.
Think about your closest friends. How long have you known each other? Some people say
that their spouse or family member is their best friend. Others say they have known their
closest friends for many years. And some great friends haven't known each other all that
long, but knew right away that there was a connection, or bond, between them. Could it
be that there is a twin spirit out there for each of us?

What turns a stranger or acquaintance into a friend? Do you know right away if you are
going to like someone? Some people think that any stranger can become a friend if they
spend enough time together. That may be true for some people. But one thing most of us
agree on is that true friendships seem to happen when people have something in
common. Perhaps we see a part of ourselves in our friends. Maybe seeing the good in
them helps us to see the good in us as well.

1. Your husband or wife cannot be your best friend. True False

2. Many friends feel a connection when they first meet. True False

3. Every person definitely has a twin spirit. True False

4. A stranger is the same as an acquaintance. True False


5. A stranger is the same as a friend. True False

6. Most friends have similar likes and dislikes. True False


7. Frienships happen when we have many differences. True False
8. Our friends can see a part of themselves in us. True False

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|25


A recipe for friendship.

Ingredients that you will need :

a pinch of happiness
one handful of kindness
two spoonfuls of gentleness
three cups of sharing
a teaspoonful of helpfulness
four heaped tablespoons of laughter
a bowl of smiles
a sprinkling of cheerfulness
and stir in some love.

Methods :
Mix all ingredients together. Then you will have the perfect friend.

Writing Replace the underlined words/phrases/sentences.

My friend is Hendri. I have known him for two years. He is my best friend because he is
kind to me. He always there for me when I need help. Every day I visit his house to play
and study together. He never lie to me and he always share everything to me.

My friend is ............. I have known him for ................ He is my best friend because
.................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................

Role Play Work with partners. Analyse the situation and act out.

A friend of yours no You told one of your You overheard one of


longer trust you because friend your secrets. You your friend calling you
you lied. Now you want a just found out that stupid after you gave the
frienship back and want she/he told other people wrong answer in the
to regain trust. in your class. class.

Your friend was Your friend has started to


supposed to spend the call you by nick name you
night at your house. But that you do not like you You have been assigned
they called and said their have asked them to stop, to a group for a project.
mom would not let them but they laugh and tell You do not like two of
come over. On Monday, you that they are just the group members.
you found out that they want to be funny.
spent the night at
someone elses house.

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Reading Read the text below.

Telling the truth


Telling the truth is a very good habit. If you always speak the truth, you can save
yourself from a lot of trouble. Here is a story of a man who did a lot of bad things, but his
promise to tell the truth saved him.
Once a man came to the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and said, "Oh prophet of
Allah, I have many bad habits. Which one of them should I give up first?" The prophet
said, "Give up telling lies first and always speak the truth." The man promised to do so and
went home. At night the man was about to go out to steal. Before setting out, he thought
for a moment about the promise he made with the prophet. "If tomorrow the prophet
asks me where have I been, what shall I say? Shall I say that I went out stealing? No, I
cannot say that. But nor can I lie. If I tell the truth, everyone will start hating me and call
me a thief. I would be punished for stealing." So the man decided not to steal that night,
and gave up this bad habit.
Next day, he felt like drinking wine, when he was about to do so, he said to
himself, "What shall I say to the prophet if he asks me what did I do during the day? I
cannot tell a lie, and if I speak the truth people will hate me, because a Muslim is not
allowed to drink wine." And so he gave up the idea of drinking wine.
In this way, whenever the man thought of doing something bad, he remembered
his promise to tell the truth at all times. One by one, he gave up all his bad habits and
became a good Muslim and a very good person. If you always speak the truth, you can be
a good person, a good Muslim whom Allah likes and favors. If Allah - our Creator - is
pleased with us, He will reward us with HEAVEN, which is a place of happiness and joy.

Retell the story above to the class.

Discuss the quotes below with your partner and tell the
Quotes class its meaning.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|27


Syllabus of Unit Three

Topic/Theme Competencies Language components Skills

Jobs Talking about Vocabulary about Listen to appropriate


responding varieties of occupations; sounds of words
occupations and referring to occupations
job Pronunciation and listening for details
responsibilities; (sounds: k, g, c, j, s); about certain jobs.
introducing and
asking ones and grammar
occupations- Read passages
his/her job (Simple Present Tens-
concerning certain
responsibilities statements and
questions) occupations for
comprehension

Write about the job


including its work place
and responsibilities.

Speak to report the


description of a job to
the class. Speak about
out door job.

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3 Jobs

3.1. Occupations and Job Responsibilities


Snapshot What occupations do you know in the following pictures?

........................... ........................... ...........................

........................... ........................... ...........................

........................... ........................... ...........................

Vocabulary

Accountant Engineer Barber


Dentist Lawyer Driver
Company manager Salesperson Student
Farmer Politician Merchant
Business man Architect Receptionist
Chef Preacher Security guard
Mechanic Author Banker
Technician Programmer Steward/Stewardess
Judge Doctor Teacher
Janitor Army Army
Gardener Pilot Carpenter
Fisherman Police officer Headmaster
Veterinarian Nurse Hairdresser
Reporter Electrician Secretary
Librarian Waiter/waitress Journalist

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|29


Occupations and Responsibilities

Occupations Responsibilities Work places


Doctor Examine patients Hospital
Teacher Teach students School
Chef Cook foods Restaurant
Police officer Control traffic Streets
Farmer Grow Crops or vegetables Farming areas
Preacher Deliver a religious speech Mosque or other places
Veterinarian Treat sick animals Farm
Lawyer Give law advice Office
Accountant Keep and examine business Office
accounts

Janitor Look after a building and Office/school/university/


do routine maintenance hospital, etc

Language Focus Simple Present Tense Examples :

Statement Question
A teacher works in school. He/she Does a teacher teach in a university?
teaches students.
Farmers work in farming areas. What do farmers grow?
They grow vegetables
Doctors do their jobs in hospital. Where do doctors work?
They examine patients. What do doctors do?
Salespeople work in a shop or from Do salespeople sell things in campus?
door to door. They sell things.
A judge works in a law court. He/she Who hears and decides cases in a law
hears and decides cases. court?
A veterinarian treats the diseases of What does a veterinarian do?
Sounds /k/, /s/, /c/, /g/, /j/
/k/ accountant architect carpenter mechanic security
/s/ chef electrician receptionist police officer
/c/ teacher merchant preacher
/g/ gardener guard
/j/ judge manager engineer
30|Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016
List the words alphabetically and pronounce the words after
Practice A
your instructor.

Accountant Engineer Barber Veterinarian Security guard


Judge Doctor Teacher Chef Mechanic
Dentist Lawyer Driver Reporter Preacher
Janitor Army Company manager Journalist Politician
Salesperson Student Carpenter Librarian Electrician
Gardener Pilot Headmaster Technician Banker
Farmer Merchant Steward/Stewardess Receptionist Waiter/waitres
Fisherman Secretary Police officer Nurse Programmer
Hairdresser Architect Business man Author

Match each occupation in column A with responsibilities in


Practice B
column B.
Column Column

A B
1. Salesperson plan and build roads, bridges, machines, etc
2. Accountant give advice in matters of law
3. Steward receive visitors to an office, hotel, hospital, etc
4. Electrician write books
5. Receptionist examine sick animals
6. Secretary sell things in a shop or other places
7. Engineer keep a library
8. Veterinarian provide services to airplane passengers
9. Lawyer repair machines or engines
10. Librarian keep and examine business accounts
11. Author set up, control and repair electrical apparatus
12. Mechanic take charge of correspondence, and affairs of a company or
organization

Practice C Complete the sentences with the correct form of Simple Present.

1. A salesperson .. 7. Engineers .
2. An accountant . 8. A veterinarian .
3. Stewards . 9. Lawyers
4. An electrician 10. Librarians
5. Receptionists 11. Authors
6. Secretaries . 12. A mechanic

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Tell the class the occupations and job responsibilities of the
Practice D pictures below

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

Make some groups and discuss with your own groups about
the picture above. Prepare some questions and answer for
Practice E all of the pictures. Ask the other goups the question that
you have prepared. Answer all of the questions from the
other groups that are asked to your group.

Ex :
1. Is the person a lecturer? Or Are the people lecturers?
2. Where does he/she work? Or Where do they work?
3. What does he/she do? Or What do they do?

Play role of one occupation from the picture above. And


introduce to the class your personal information, your
Role Play occupation, job responsibilities and the place of your work.
Ask your friend to give you a question about your job.

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Practice F Complete the puzzle with occupations.

Across Down
1. To assist rectors jobs 1. To examine animal diseases
2. To hear and decide cases in a law 2. To write and report news
court 3. To attend to the needs of an airplane
3. To drive an airplane passengers
4. To repair machines and engines 4. To help doctors and patients
5. To plan and build houses, roads or 5. To take charge of correspondence,
bridges record and do other affairs of a
6. To deliver religious speeches company or organization
7. To manage and direct a faculty 6. To design and draw plan of buildings
8. To do woodwork 7. To keep and examine business
accounts

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|33


Reading Read the passage below and answer the questions.

Im a police officer. Some people dont like the police. They say
we stop people from doing what they want. But I like my job.
And I think its very important. When Im on vacation, I always
look forward getting back to work. A lot of my work is hard and
boring but in spite of the hard work, I still enjoy being a
policeman. Id never think of doing anything else.

Taken from AKL book, Robert ONeill, et al. Longman

Questions :
1. How do some people feel about police officers?
2. Why do they feel this way?
3. How does this policeman feel about his work?
4. Is his job always interesting?
5. Does he enjoy his work?

Reading Read the passage below and answer the questions.

Im a nurse and dont earn very much money at all. In fact, I


have a lot of difficulty just making ends meet. But I like being a
nurse, I guess its because I enjoy helping people. Being a
nurse is a hard work. It means working long hours. And
sometimes it isnt very pleasant. There are all sorts of things I
dont enjoy. For example, I dont enjoy seeing people in pain.
Its true that my job is hard, but Im used to working long
hours and I dont mind psychological pressure that my job puts
on me. Being a nurse isnt much fun, but at least I know Im
doing something worthwhile.

Source: Taken from AKL book, Robert ONeill, et al. Longman

1. Does the nurse earn much money?


2. What thing does she enjoy doing?
3. Is being a nurse easy?
4. What doesnt she enjoy?
5. Why does she do this kind of work?

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Practice G Write your questions about each occupation below.

1. Hi! Im Steve. As a freshman in college, I take many different classes. I major in


English. My roommate comes from Boston, and we like our room in the dorm. He is a nice
guy. We spend a lot of time studying, but we enjoy going out! Our friends live nearby in a
big house. They organize a lot of parties. Life in college is fun!

2. Hello! My name is Julie. I am a journalist. At work, I write stories for the newspaper. I
interview celebrities and important people. I ask them questions relevant to the news. I
research topics like the environment, politics, and culture. I work with a colleague named
Anne. She takes pictures for the newspaper. She is the photographer on the team. We
often travel together and report about many different topics.
3. Good afternoon! My name is Claudia and I am an artist. I paint, I draw, and sometimes
I sculpt. I give art classes to high school students. They love to practice their talents, and
they draw very well. One student adores real-life portraits and asks to sketch his friends
often. As a teacher, I support them and encourage them to do their best.

4. Greetings, my name is Walter Skipper. My patients call me Doctor Skipper. I see


patients in my office, and I give them medication when they need it. With a stethoscope, I
listen to their lungs and I check their heart. Sometimes, I visit the hospital where my wife
works (she is a nurse). People say we make a good team!

Source: Texts are taken from www.voanews.com/classroom

Listen to the audio or your teacher to fill in the blanks to


Listening complete the text.
Nursing (1) greatest professions in the world. Its so
much more important than most jobs. The sad thing is that
nurses (2) . little. They do such (3) . job but get
paid less than politicians. This is not right. Politicians do (4)
..can to our money. They even (5) nurses getting
increases in pay. (6) need to do more to help nurses.
There should be a bigger (7) . profession. I would much
rather have more nurses than (8) . A few years ago I
wanted (9) . nursing. I met some nurses who told me
not to. They said the job (10) . hours, too much
paperwork and not enough pay. Thats sad. We cant afford to
treat nurses so badly.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|35


Name the occupation illustrated by the pictures. Then
Practice H describe one of the occupations. Number 1 is given as an
example.

1 Hi, Im a reporter. I work for a TV station. I do shows about important problems


and issues. I often travel from one place to another to get hot issues. I try hard to get
contact with newsmakers such as public figures, top executives and celebrities and
interview them.

10 11 12

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3.2. Working out door

Discuss the pictures below and answer the questions.

1. What are the pictures about?


2. What are the people in the pictures doing?
3. Have you ever done the activities doing by the people in the picture?
4. Which transportation do you prefer to use for traveling?
5. Where will you stay if you go traveling?

Vocabulary General vocabulary of traveling :

Journey Arrival Depature Baggage Flight Rent


Check-in Check-out Platform Ticket Buy Order
Booking Visit Destination Packing Reserve Deal
Accomodation Backpacking Transfer Cash Transport Suitcase
Clothes Station Airport Holliday Vacation Service
Luggage Board Card Identification Trip Tour
Available Return Leave Receptionist Stay Safe

Practice A Practice the conversation with your partner.

Booking a Trip

TA :
TA : Travel Agency C : Customer

Good afternoon madam, how can I help you today?


*
C : Good afternoon, I would like to book a trip to Italy for 2 people and a 6 year old
child please.
TA : Is there anywhere in particular you would like to go?
C : I can not decide between Venice or Rome, whichever is cheaper as were on a
budget this year!
TA : Okay, and when would you like to go?
C : We have two weeks of holiday between 18th June and 2nd July, and wed like to go
for at least 10 days during that period.
TA : No problem, Ill just check to see which destination would be cheaper. We have a
special promotion on at the moment, if you book a package deal to Venice, you get
free transfer to and from your hotel to the airport, plus one free meal each day.
Would you be interested in that?
C : Yes, that sounds great!

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|37


TA : Okay. How would you like to pay?
C : Credit card please. Here you go.
TA : Thank you. Could I also see your passports please?
C : Sure, here you go.
TA : Thank you. Here are your tickets and everything else youll need to know about
your package holiday. Remember to keep all your travel documents safe
throughout the whole trip.
C : Thank you so much for your help!
TA : Youre welcome. Enjoy the rest of your day and please contact us if you have any
queries before you set off on your holiday!

Practice B Study and practice the conversation with your partner.

Check-in at The Airport

AA :
AA : Airport Attendant

Next please!
P : Passenger
*
P : Hi. Good Afternoon.
AA : Good Afternoon sir. May I see your passport please?
P : Yes, here you go.
AA : Thank you. Please place your luggage on the belt.
P : (Places suitcase on the conveyor belt)
AA : Im afraid this suitcase is 7kg overweight. You are allowed a maximum of 30kg and
this suitcase weighs 37kg. You will need to remove some items or pay an additional
fee for the extra weight.
P : Oh no! I see. Okay, Im happy to pay the fee.
AA : Is this your bag sir?
P : Yes, of course it is.
AA : Did you pack it yourself?
P : Yes.
AA : Were you given anything by someone else to take on the flight?
P : No, definitely not.
AA : Do you have any of the following items in your luggage? (points to images of
dangerous objects)
P : No, Im certain.
AA : Okay, thatll be 56 euros for the overweight case please.
P : Okay, here is the right amount in cash. Also, could I please have a window seat?
AA : Ill just see if there is one available. Okay, youll be seated in 25A. Here is your
passport and boarding pass, please keep all your documents safe. Enjoy your flight.
P : Thank you very much.

Practice B Study and practice the conversation with your partner.

Check-in at The Hotel

P
HR : Hotel Receptionist G : Guess P : Porter
*
: Good morning Sir, welcome to The Royal Pavilion Hotel. May I take your bags please?
G : Oh, thats very kind of you! Thank you. I am quite tired after that journey.
P : Please follow me this way to the check-in desk.
HR : Good morning Sir, do you have a reservation?

38|Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016


G : Yes, I booked online.
HR : Which name was it booked in?
G : Mr. Salman Alfarisi
HR : Yes, I have it here. Could I see the credit card you paid with please?
G : Yes, here you go.
HR : Thank you. Would you like an alarm call to wake you up?
G : Yes please. If you could call me around 11am, thatd be great. I would like to rest for
a few hours before my meeting.
HR : No problem. The complimentary breakfast is served until 11:30 and you can call for
room service at anytime.
G : I will most probably do that! Thanks.
HR : Your room is number 237 on the third floor and heres the key. Our porter will help
you with your bags and show you to your room.
G : Thats wonderful, thank you. Is there a Wi-Fi connection available in my room?
HR : Yes, youll find the password in your room beside the TV. We hope you enjoy your
stay with us.
P : Okay Mr. Alfarisi, if you please come this way, Ill show you the way to your room.

Listening Listen to the audio and fill in the blank.

Agent : Good afternoon! Where are you _______ today?


Dan : Los Angeles.
Agent : May I have __________, please?
Dan : Here you go.
Agent : Are you _____________?
Dan : Just this one.
Agent : OK, please place your ______________.
Dan : I have a stopover in Chicago do I need to ________________ there?
Agent : No, it will go straight through to Los Angeles. Here are ________________.
your _____ leaves from _______ and itll begin ________ at 3:20. Your seat
number is 26E.
Dan : Thanks.

Role Play Role Play one of the situations below :

At the Hotel
Hotel Receptionist and Guess

At the Airport
Airport Attendant and Passenger

Booking A Trip
Travel Agency and Customer

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|39


Language Focus Prepositions (time, place/directions)

About Above Across After Againts Along Among


Around As At Before Behind Below Beneath
Beside Between Beyond But By Concerning Despite
Down During Except For From In Into
Like Near Next Of Off On Onto
Out Outside Over Past Since Through To
Throughout Toward Under Underneath Unlike Until Under
Up Upon With Within Without

Practice Check and underline the prepositions in the text below.

I am Peter and I live in Germany. In summer, I like to travel to Italy because of the
weather and the people there. Last summer, I took a plane from Munich to Rome. From
the airport we went to our hotel by bus. We stopped at a small restaurant for a quick
meal. The driver parked the bus behind the restaurant. Nobody could find the bus and the
driver, so we waited outside the restaurant for one hour. The driver was walking through
the small park near the restaurant which we did not know. So we were angry with him.
But my holidays were great. We sat round campfires and went dancing till the early
mornings.

Ask your classmates about related question from the above text.

Examples :
1. Where do you live
2. When do you like to travel?
3. How did you go to the hotel from the airport?
4. .............................................................?
5. .............................................................?
6. .............................................................?
7. .............................................................?
8. .............................................................?
9. .............................................................?
10. .............................................................?

40|Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016


Syllabus of Unit Four

Topic/Theme Competencies Language components Skills

Are you feeling Talking about Vocabulary about parts Listen to details of
well? health problems; of body; illnesses and health problems
asking for and other words related to and the use of
giving advice and health problems; requests and
expressing about suggestions and
health problems; Grammar (simple present gap fills activities.
tense and present
And making continuous tens, present
request and perfect tense and simple
suggestions past tense, modals, and Read certain texts
related to health imperatives). for the
problems. comprehension of
health problems
and how to give
advice and
suggestions.

Write about a
home remedy.

Role play how to


ask for advice and
to make requests
related to health
problems.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|41


4 Are You Feeling Well?

4.1. Part of The Body


Snapshot A Fill in the blank with the correct words.

1 .................................... 5 ....................................

2 .................................... 6 ....................................

3 .................................... 7 ....................................

4 ....................................

1 .................................... 5 ....................................

2 .................................... 6 ....................................

3 .................................... 7 ....................................

4 ....................................

Snapshot B What is wrong with the person in the pictures?

1 3 2 4

1 .......................... 2 ........................ 3 ....................... 4 ..........................

42|Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016


Vocabulary
Hair Head Throat Eye Ear Lips
shoulder arm elbow wrist han thumb
breast cheststomach abdomen back bottom thigh
ankle foot/feet big toe toes ache bleed/blood
sore eyes medication prescribe cough burn stomachache
pain sore throat headache fever sick
sore muscle pills backache take illness healthy
cold syrup skin rash insomnia sprained
Neck nose knee hurt flu medicine
Armacist Face fingers leg cut sneeze
Massage drugstore ointment herb

Parts of The Body

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|43


4.2. Health Problem
Questions Statements
Whats wrong with you? I am sneezing.
Whats happening? Im vomiting.
Whats the matter? My nose is bleeding.
Why do you look so pale? I have a cough. I feel awful.
Are you sick? I have a fever and sore muscles.
Is he sick? I have a stomachache.
Is he sick? I dont feel good. I have an earache.
Whats the matter with her? She has a sore throat.
Whats wrong with her? He has a pain in his chest. His chest hurts.
Whats the matter with him? Hes not very healthy.
Whats wrong with him?

Language Focus Simple Present Tense and Present continuous Tense.

Simple Present Tense Present continuous Tense


1. I have a cold. 1. Are you feeling well?
2. Do you have a cough? 2. I am not feeling well.
3. You look pale. 3. You are sneezing.
4. You have to take medicine. 4. He is taking some medicine.
5. I have a stomachache. 5. The child is vomiting.
6. What sickness do you suffer from? 6. My nose is bleeding.
7. I dont feel good. 7. What medicine are you taking?
8. I have an earache. 8. Who is taking medicine?
9. The man is sick.
10. He has a pain in his chest.
11. Does his chest hurt?
12. Why does she look pale?

Practice A Combine any of the words inside the circles with body parts

sprained

Example : head eye


Head + ache = headache back ear
sore ache
tooth muscles
stomach ankle
knee throat

44|Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016


Practice B Complete the sentences using the words in the box.

fever toothache sore hand sore eye sprained

1 2 3

He has a .............. He has a ............ His leg is ............

4 5

He has a ............ She has a ............

4. 3. 1. Health Problem and Advice

Health problems Advice


Language Focus : 1. You have a terrible You should see the dentist.
The use of should. toothache.
He should get some medicine
2. He has a serious cough. from the drugstore.

Practice A Complete the conversations below. Use the words in the box.

(a) dizzy (b) matter (c) Should (d) wrong (e) suggestion
(f) pale (g) look (h) headache (i) Doctor (j) back

Student A: You look (1) Whats (2)..?


1
Student B: I feel very (3) Ive got a serious (4) .
Student A: You ...(5).. take some pill for your headache
Student B: Yeah I will, thank you.

Student A: You dont (6) well. Whats the (7) .?


2
Student B: My (8) hurts.
Student A: You should go to see a ..(9)...
Student B: Thanks for the ...(10)..

Find your partner and practice the conversation above in front


Speaking of class.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|45


Practice B Arrange these dialog lines into good dialogs.

Student A: You should try some vitamin C.


Student B: Im not feeling well. Ive got a cold.
1
Note : Student A: You look so pale today. Whats wrong with
you?
(ve) got = have
Student A: Try to drink a glass of ginger tea.
(s) got = has Student B: You look sick. Whats the matter?
2
Student A: OK. I will.
Student B: Ive got a headache.

Speaking Practice the conversation above with partner in front of class.

4. 3. 2. At The Drugstore

Language Focus Modals Auxiliaries for requests Suggestions


Modals Auxiliaries :
Can/May I help you? Try some .
Can Can I have a box of cough drops? I suggest some .
May Could I have something for a sore You should get some.
throat? Take some .
May have a bottle of aspirin? Why dont you try .
Have you tried

Remedies Example :

1. Wash the sting or bite.


Use of 2. Take garlic pills.
Imperative sentences 3. Apply an ice pack or cold cloth to your head.

Reading Read the home remedies below. Then answer the questions.

When people have a cold, a fever, or the flu, they usually go to the doctor for
help, or they get some medicine from the drugstore. But many people also use home
remedies for common illness. Here are some simple home remedies.

Bee stings and insect bites


Wash the sting or bite. Put some meat tenderizer on a handkerchief and then put the
handkerchief on the bite for half an hour. To avoid insect bites, its helpful to eat garlic or
take garlic pills.

Colds
Lots of people eat hot chicken soup when they have a cold. They find it clears the head
and the nose. Some people rub oil on their chest for a cold. Other people drink a mixture
of red pepper, hot water, sugar, lemon juice, and milk or vinegar.

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Cough
Drink warm liquids or take some honey.

Headaches
Apply an ice pack or cold cloth to your head, or splash your face with cold water. Its also
good to put your hands into hot water and leave them there for several minutes. You
shouldnt also read or watch TV.
Insomnia
Drink a large glass of warm milk. Its also good to soak in a warm bath.

Questions Below are the question for the text above :


1. How can we avoid insect bites?
2. What should people do when they have colds?
3. What can we apply for headaches?
4. How long do we put the meat tenderizer on the bite?
5. What shouldnt be done for headaches?

Writing Write the health problems based on the home remedies given.

Problems Advice for home remedies use

1. 1. Put some ointment on it.


2. 2. Drink lots of liquids.
3. 3. Why dont you drink a glass of hot lemon
juice with honey?
4. 4. Try a glass of ginger tea.
5. 5. Try gargle with salt and water.

Listen to your instructor reading the complete dialog. Then Fill in


Listening the blanks.

1. Student A: Hi. (1)... are you? 3. Student A: And have you taken (9)
Student B: Not so (2) for it?
I have a .(3). Cold. Student B: No, I havent.
2. Student A: Really? Thats too .(4) 4. Student A: .(10) . you get some
You (5) at home (6) medicine from the
Its really . (7) .to get drugstore?
(8).. Student B: Thanks.
Student B: Yeah, youre right.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|47


Language Focus Present Perfect Tense and Simple Past Tense

No Present Perfect Tense No Simple Past Tense

1 I have tried medicated oil for my 1 I took some aspirin last night.
backache. 2 I was sick last month.
2 Have you taken any medicine? 3 I drank lots of liquids when I had a
3 I have been sick for a week. sore throat.
4 Have you had a stomachache 4 What did you do when you had a
recently? headache yesterday?
5 How many times have you been 5 I stayed in bed for two days last week.
sick lately?

Study the conversation. Then role play conversations about


Questions and answers health problems. Use the words/phrases given in the box.

A: Have you ever had a stomachache?


a stomachache cough drops
B: Sure I have. I just had it last night.
sore throat an insect bite
A: What did you do? ointment antacid tablets
B: I took some antacid tablets.

At The Drug Store Practice the conversation below.

Pharmacist : Hi. Can I help you?


Customer : Yes, please. Could I have something for a cough? I think Im getting a
cold.
Pharmacist : Well, I suggest a box of these cough drops. And you should get a bottle
of vitamin C, too.
Customer : Thank you. And what do you have for dry skin?
Pharmacist : Try some of this new lotion. Its very good.

Language Modals for requests; suggestions


Modals Modals Auxiliaries for requests Suggestions
Auxiliaries :
Can Can/May I help you? What do you suggest for a
Could Can I have a bottle of cough syrup? cough?
May Could I have something for a sore Try some of this cough syrup.
Should throat? You should get some cough
May I have a tube of ointment? syrup.

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Complete the conversations with Modals and Verbs (can,
Practice C could, may, should, have, suggest, or try) for requests and
suggestions.
A: I help you?
1 B: Yes. I have something for tired eyes?
A: Sure. I .. a bottle of eye drops.
A: What do you for sore muscles?
2 B: You . Try a tube of this ointment. Its excellent.
A: OK. Ill take it.
A: . I have a box of cold tablets, please?
B: Here you are.
3 A: And what do you for insomnia?
B: . some of these sleeping pills. They work well.
C: OK. Thanks.

Conversation Visit to the Doctor (http://bogglesworldesl.com/doctor)

Note : A = DoctorB = Patient


B: I have a rash on my arm.
A: How long have you had the rash?
B: Its been about a week.
A: Are you taking anything for it?
B: I put some cream on it but it doesnt seem to be helping.
A: I see. Are you allergic to any medications?
B: Not that I know of.
A: Hi. Come on in and have a seat.
Now what seems to be the problem?
A: Im going to give you a prescription for some ointment. I want you to apply it three
times a day. You should also avoid scratching your skin. And its important to use as
little soap as possible. Make an appointment to see me next week if it doesnt get
better over the next few days.

Listen to the audio or your teacher to fill in the blanks to


Listening complete the text.

I never (1) about my health until recently. When I was a kid, I (2) . exercise.
Even in my twenties and thirties I was very (3) ill. I have been lucky all my life
always (4) . health. I rarely get even a cold. I suppose (5) with you. Now I seem to
be getting lots of little (6)I should go to the doctor for a health check, but Im too
busy. The older you get, the (7) about your health. One good thing is that Im eating
more healthily now (8) I no longer have fast food and midnight snacks. I also sleep
(9) Ive read that getting seven or eight hours sleep every night (10) best
things you can do for your health.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|49


You are a doctor. Patients are going to come into your office.
Role Play
Ask them about their condition, prescribe some medicine, and
Be (Doctor & Patients) give them some advice. Use the ailment role cards below.
Doctors Activity Sheet
Medical Prior Allergic to
Name Condition
Duration
Medication medication?

Mary Rash 1 week Cream N


Febby

Ailment Role Cards

Ailment: You have Ailment: You have


high blood pressure diarrhoea.
Duration: You have Duration: You have
had it for 2 months. Ailment: You have a had it for three days.
Previous Medication: rash on your arms Previous Medication:
You havent taking and legs. You have taken some
any medication for it. Duration: You have pills that you bought
had it for about four at the drugstore, but
days. they didnt help.
Ailment: You have Previous Medication:
the flu. You have put a cream Ailment: You
Duration: Two days. on it. sprained your ankle.
Previous Medication: Duration: You
You took some sprained this
aspirin. Ailment: You have a morning.
sore throat Previous Medication:
Duration: You have You took a painkiller.
Ailment: You have had it for two days.
indigestion. Previous Medication: Ailment: You have
Duration: You have You have been taking constipation.
had it for three some throat lozenges Duration: You have
weeks. (throat candies). had it for two weeks.
Previous Medication: Previous Medication:
You have been taking None.
some ant-acid but it
hasnt helped.

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Reading Catching a Cold (http://www.5minuteenglish.com)
Vocabularies :
cure (n,v)- something that makes you well after being sick
literally (adv)- really, actually, exactly
virus (n)- very, very small --- that causes sickness
get rid of (v)- to stop, to throw away
congestion (n)- stopped up (when your nose is congested you
can't breathe)
miserable (adj)- very terrible feeling
fever (n)- heat in your head and body
remedy- (n) cure, something that makes you well
liquid (n)- wet and runny like water, milk
to get over (v)- to finish
Many people catch a cold in the springtime and/ or fall. It makes us wonder... if scientists
can send a man to the moon, why can't they find a cure for the common cold. The answer
is easy. There are literally hundreds of kinds cold viruses out there. You never know which
one you will get, so there isn't a cure for each one.

When a virus attacks your body, its hard for your body to get rid of it. Blood rushes to
your nose and brings congestion with it. You feel terrible because you can't breathe well,
but your body is actually "eating" the virus. Your temperature rises and you get a fever,
but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a runny nose to stop the virus
from getting to your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is
doing everything it can to kill the cold.

Different people have different remedies for colds. In the United States and some other
countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to feel better. Some people take
hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicines to stop the fever,
congestion, and runny nose.

There is one interesting thing to note - some scientists say taking medicines when you
have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body
doesn't have a way to fight it and kill it. Bodies can do an amazing job on their own. There
is a joke, however, on taking medicine when you have a cold. It goes like this If takes
about 1 week to get over a cold if you don't take medicine, but only 7 days to get over a
cold if you take medicine.

Comprehension questions
1. Do people catch a cold in summer?
2. Who cant find medicine for the common cold?
3. What does get rid of in line 4 mean?
4. Where does blood rush and what does it bring?
5. What happens when you catch a cold?
6. What can kill viruses?
7. What stops the virus from getting to your cells?
8. How might people do to feel better when having a cold?
9. Is taking medicines good when having a cold?
10. Why does the virus stay in ones body longer?

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Syllabus of Unit Five

Topic/Theme Competencies Language components Skills

Routines and Talking about Vocabulary about Read passages for


Leisure routines and leisure routines and leisure comprehension and
Activities activities (sports activities (sports, details.
and relaxation); relaxation, time
expressions and likes and
Telling clock time dislikes); grammar
days of the week, Speak about ones
(sentence structure, hobby based on a
months of the year adverbs of frequency, and
and frequencies of certain picture, kinds
simple past tense (regular of sports and role play
performing routines and irregular verbs);
and leisure asking and answering
sounds: pronouncing questions about past
activities; and
expressing likes -ed/d/,/id/,/t/). events.
and dislikes.

Listen to information
about ones routines
and gap fills activities.

Write about daily


schedules.

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5 Routines and Leisure Activities

5.1. Routines
Snapshot A What activities are shown in each picture?

Vocabulary

Listen to the music


Fish play the piano
2. ................... Play soccer ride a bicycle 1. ...................
Have a picnic exercise
Run do aerobics
Swim go shopping
See a movie relax
Visit friends eat out
Fit fitness
Like gymnastics
Workout spend
4. ................... Sleep strengthen 3. ...................
Take rest drive
Hang out watch movies
Read newspaper work
Study cook
Go camping do the laundry
Twice tidy up

6. ................... 5. ...................

Reminder Phrases about routines

Listen to music Sleep Do the laundry


Go home Get up Study
Cook dinner Do errands Tidy up a bedroom
Watch TV Visit friends Go shopping
Take a bath Go to the movies Work out/exercise
Read newspaper Go to a restaurant Do home work

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Telling time Study how to tell time and complete the blanks.

1 2 3

It is eleven oclock It is a quarter past six. It is a quarter to nine.

4 5 6

................................... .................................... ......................................

7 8 9

................................... .................................... ......................................

Days of the week Months of the year Adverbs of Frequency

Monday January February always seldom


Tuesday March April usually rarely
Wednesday May June every weekend never
Thursday July August occasionally often
Friday September October once a week
Saturday November December sometimes
Sunday

Write your schedule in the table below. Then write them in


Practice sentences and paragraphs.

Hours Monday - Friday Saturday Sunday


5.00 6.00
6.00 7.00
7.00 8.00
8.00 10. 00
10.00 12. 00
12.00 1: 00 PM

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1.00 3.00 PM
3.00 5.00 PM
5.00 7.00 PM
7.00 9.00 PM
9.00 10. 00 PM
10. 00 12. 00 PM
12. 00 5.00 AM

Conversation Conversation. Study the conversation and practice it with a partner.


Anita: Rus, youre so busy all the time. Do Anita: Oh, wow! Thats early. When do
you have any free time? you go home?
Rusdi: Yeah! I work every day. Rusdi: Around nine.
Anita: Every day? No days off? Anita: Nine at night?
Rusdi: No way. Im here every day. I get Rusdi: Oh, yeah.
here at six in the morning. Anita: Rus, thats crazy.
Anita: Do you get up at six every morning? Rusdi: I know.
Rusdi: No, I get here at six. I always get up
around five.

Question and Answer Study the questions and the answers. Then fill in the blanks.
N Questions Answers
1 Do you get up before six? Yes, I do/ No, I dont.
2 Does your roommate get up early? Yes, he/she does/ No, he/she doesnt.
3 Do you exercise every morning? ..
4 Do you and your roommate jog in the .
5 morning? .
6 Do you play musical instrument? I get up around five
7 What time do you get up? I work for eight hours.
8 How long do you work a day? .
9 .
10

Reading Read the passage and answer the questions.

Men, women, and children like sports. Some like tennis or volleyball. Others like
soccer, football, or baseball. Many like basketball. Each sport has different ways and
equipment to play.
Volleyball uses a ball and a high net. Six players hit the ball with their hands over
the net. The other team hits it back.
Basketball uses a ball and two baskets. Five players on each team throw the ball
into the basket with their hands. Each team throws the ball in the basket in the other
basket.
In soccer, the eleven players of a team kick the ball. Only one player uses his
hands. The others do not use their hands. In football, the eleven players take the ball in
their hands. They kick the ball too. But they take it in their hands first.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|55


Questions:
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
2. Do all people like sports?
3. Do sports have the ways and equipment to play?
4. Do soccer and football have the same equipment to play?
5. Do soccer and football have the same ways to play?
6. What does it in line 5 refer to?
7. How do players of football play?
8. Which player of soccer can use his hands?

Listen to your instructor reading the complete passage. Then fill in


Listening
the blanks.

Sunday is always a special day for me. I usually .(1) . at about seven-thirty, and listen to
the radio (2). for a while. I never (3) during the week. Then I have (4) ., and do
the shopping. We plan a special (5) on Sundays. My children really (6) that
because I dont have time to (7) a proper meal for them during the week.

I always (8). and do the . (9). when we get home. Then about . (10) , I start
preparing lunch. In the afternoon we sometimes (11). Friends. In the evening we
.(11). And I usually go to . (12) at 11 oclock.

With your classmates names and thick (V) the adverb of frequency
Practice A for each activity that your friend does. Then write a complete
sentence for each number.

No Name Activities Always Usually often sometime Never

1 Sophia Ride a bike V


2 Watch TV
3 Eat out
4 Play sport
5 Visit friends
6 Study
7 Do the cleaning
8 Go fishing
9
10
11
12

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Sentences
1. Sophia sometimes rides a bike.
2. ..
3. ..
4. ..
5. ..
6. ..
7. ..
8. ..

5. 2. 1 Telling Like and Dislike


Words that are used Sentences:
to tell likes and 1. I like to watch TV. My hobby is watching TV.
dislikes: 2. My brother likes to play the guitar. His hobby is playing the
guitar.
Like 3. Do you love to play volleyball?
Love 4. Do you want to go out this evening?
Want 5. I dont like to hangout. I hate to spend time for nothing.
Prefer 6. He doesnt like to chat a lot.
Dislike 7. Men dislike to gossip.
Hate 8. What do you like to do in your free time?
9. When do you prefer to play sport?

Practice Tell ones hobby based on the picture. Follow the example.

Rini
Rini likes doing gymnastics.
Her hobby is gymnastics.

1 Sahrul
...................................................................................................
........................................................................................................

2 The Girl
...................................................................................................
........................................................................................................

3 The Man
...................................................................................................
........................................................................................................

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5.2. Leisure Activities
Expressions Study the expressions of Sports Soccer below:
1. Soccer is my favorite sport.
2. I love soccer.
3. I play soccer whenever I can.
4. I used to play a lot of soccer when I was in school.
5. I'm usually the forward on our team.
6. I play midfielder on our team.
7. I'm the fullback.
8. My favorite position is the midfielder.
9. I like to be the goalie.
10. I've been a goalie ever since I was in Junior high.
11. I am always the goal keeper.
12. He was off sides, but the officials didn't see it. That's how he
got the goal.
13. He clipped him from behind. Why didn't he get a red card?
15. I like to play soccer because of all the running.
16. Soccer is a very popular sport in most other countries."
17. Watching the world cup is so fun.

Choose one of the pictures below as your favorite sport. Then


Writing
write sentences based on the questions about the sport.

Questions:
1 1. What kinds of sports do you play?
2. When do you play it?
3. How often do you play it?
4. Where do you play it?
5. Whom do you play it with?
6. What do you have to wear to play it?
7. What equipment do you need to play it?
2
3 4

5 6 7

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Tense Review Simple Past Tense
Regular verbs Irregular verbs
enjoyed, stayed, played, studied, called, Was/were, broke, had, did, saw, ate,
wanted, needed, visited, watched, drank, went, brought, told, spoke, cut, left,
jumped, washed, worked, walked, talked came, made, ran, sat, met, said, read,
Note: -ed is pronounced differently - stood, took, thought, wore, drove, rode,
/d/-/id/- t/). woke,

Speaking Practice the conversation with your partner.


Conversation 1
Student A: Where did you go last night? Student A: How was your trip?
Student B: I went to my friends house. Student B: Great. I went to Yogyakarta.
Student A: What did you do? I visited some interesting
Student B: We watched a movie. places.
Student A: Did you have a good time? Student A: What did you see?
Student B: Yeah, I guess. Student B: I saw a lot of things.

With a partner create a conversation by asking and answering the


Speaking situations below.

1. Going out last Saturday night 4. Playing a sport


2. Visiting a library 5. Visiting a relative/a friend
3. Watching a movie

Reading Read the text below. Answer the questions.

My friend and I went to the theater last night. We saw an interesting play. The actors
were excellent. We like it. It began at seven-thirty. We went home at ten oclock. My
brothers did not go the theater. They went to the circus. It was good. They liked it. My
mother was at home. She did not go to the theater or to the circus. She watched
television. My sister listened to the radio. She did not study but she wrote a letter to a
friend.

Questions 3. Did you like it?


1. Who went to the theater? 4. Where did your brother go?
2. How was the play? 5. What did you mother and sisters do?

Listening Listening comprehension (http://www.5minuteenglish.com)


Vocabulary
relieving/ to relieve : to get rid of, to stop
you guys : you (other people), a slang way to say you (plural)
buddy : slang for friend
hang gliding : flying with wings and no motor like the picture on the left
as free as a bird : the feeling of being free
awesome : slang for great or wonderful
scaredy cat : slang for a person who feels afraid
to knit : to make sweaters, scarves, etc. with yarn

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|59


Practice Check Your Understanding.

Answer T for True or F for False of the statements below.


1. Marcus likes to play basketball.
2. Dean thinks basketball is great for relieving stress.
3. Marcus goes hang gliding every Saturday.
4. Ann doesn't want to try hang gliding.
5. Marcus and Dean will go hang gliding on Sunday.
6. Ann can make things with yarn.

Listening Listen to the audio or your teaching to fill in the blanks to complete

Are you good at sport? Im not, but I love watching and (1)
... sport. (2) .. football the kind with the round
ball, not American football. (3) at football when I was a
kid. This did not stop me playing. I played in the park with my
friends (4) What is your national sport? Do you like it? I
love Japans national sport sumo. (5) .. most exciting
sports in the world. You have to spend (6) to know the
rules and the fighters. The (7) sport is that it brings
people together from all over the world. Another good thing (8)
healthy. Sports stars are very lucky. They love their job
and (9) every day. What are you going to play next?

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Syllabus of Unit Six

Topic/ Competencies Language components Skills

Theme

Shopping Talking about Vocabulary about shopping; Listen to numbers


shopping; asking colors, foods, fruits, and similar sounds
for and telling vegetables, clothing items, and gap fills
prices. jewelry, electronic items, and activities.
so forth; grammar (numbers,
nouns, and quantifiers);
sounds (similar sounds).
Read for
comprehension
including
skimming and
scanning (reading
for details) about
ways of shopping.

Write a topic about


a certain way of
shopping.

Speak about
shopping items,
prices and ways of
shopping.

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6 Shopping
Snapshot Answer the questions based on the picture below.
1. What can you learn from the items below?
2. What products are available?
3. What are the descriptions of each product?
4. How much does each product cost?

Product Details:
The Easy Snap Digital Camera:
Advantages: Light and inexpensive.
Price: $175.00

The Fine Shot 4000 Digital Camera:


Advantages: High quality and easy to use
Price: $225.00

Product Details:
Banrays:
Advantages: resistant to scratches and
durable.
Price: $65.00
Armantes:
Advantages: light and fashionable.
Price: $45.00

Product Details:
Armantes Leather:
Advantages: stylish and durable.
Price: $120.00

Corombia Jackets:
Advantages: warm and easy to clean.
Price: $85.00

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Vocabulary

afford affordable baggy bakery bill brand


cheap choose discount drug durable earrings
enough fashionable fit fur gift grocery
large leather light look lose many
new order package pay price purchase
reserve reasonable small size smell snobby
tax tight toy trousers cash (in) expensive
much quality stylish jewelry bracelet electronics
heavy medium perfume store

Colors
black blue brown dark blue
light blue orange pink purple
green white gray red

Counting Numbers
No Figure Words
1 50 Fifty
2 100 One hundred
3 215 Two hundred and fifteen
4 500 Fife hundred
5 875 Eight hundred and seventy five
6 1,000 One thousand
7 1,500 One thousand and five hundred
8 33,000 Thirty three thousand
9 100,000 One hundred thousand
10 950,000 Nine hundred fifty thousand
11 1,000,000 One million
12 4,687,500 Four million six hundred eighty seven thousand and five hundred

Counting Noun

Singular Plural Remarks


Money X Always singular
Tie Ties
Toy Toys
Dictionary Dictionaries
Watch Watches
X Trousers, jeans Always plural
X Clothes Always plural
That/this Those/these Irregular
Child Children Irregular
Man Man Irregular

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Counting Expressing quantity (quantifiers)

a/an a pair of a bunch of a loaf of


a bowl of a piece of a slice of some
little much/many a glass of few
a bar of a few a ball of several

Counting Prices: Asking and telling prices


No Questions Answers Expressions
1 How much is this jacket? It is Rp 95,000. Its cheap.
How much does this jacket It costs Rp 95,000.
2 cost?
How much are these They are Rp 25,000 per kilo. Its reasonable.
3 oranges? It costs Rp 150,000. Thats Okay.
How much do these oranges
4 cost? They cost Rp 275,000. Its expensive
How much does a pair of Its bad.

Expression These are expressions used when you go shopping:


Can / may I help you? How does it fit?
Can I try it / them on? Where is the changing room?
What size do you wear? What size are you? How would you like to pay?
What color would you like? Can I pay by credit card / in cash?
Extra small, small, medium, large, extra large

Expression These are expressions used when you go shopping:


A: Can I help you? A: How does it fit?
B: Yes, I'm looking for a T-shirt. B: It's fantastic. I like it.
A: What size are you? A: Yes it looks nice on you.
B: I'm a medium. B: Thank you. I'll buy it.
A: What color would you like? A: OK, how would you like to pay?
B: A blue one. B: Do you take credit cards?
A: Here you are. B: Yes, we do.
B: Thank you. Can I try it on? A: OK, here's my credit card.
A: Certainly, the changing room is over there. B: Thank you. Have a nice day!
B: Thank you. A: Thank you, goodbye.

Practice A Use appropriate colors for the sentences below

1. Most vegetables are . 4. Your clothes are . and


2. Ripe bananas are .. 5. Senior high school students wear .. and
3. Jeans are .. or .. 6. My favorite colors are .. and .

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Practice B Use the correct quantifiers of each item to complete the dialog.

Practice C Fill in the blanks with the words in the box below:
Reason able cheap expensive cash check
Tight Baggy Discount tip tax than
Card Fit for credit as

(1) The price:


If something costs a lot of money then it is ____________. But if its on sale then it is
usually ____________. A ____________ price is the price that you would expect to pay
for something.

(2) Payment:
When you pay for something, if you have enough money in your pocket you can pay with
___________. If you dont, you can put it on your _____________ or write a __________.

(3) Sizes:
If you have gained some weight, your clothes might be a little ____________. On the
other hand, if you have lost some weight, they might be a little _____________. If your
clothes ___________, then they are not too big and they are not too small.

(4) The Bill:


When you go to a restaurant, it is nice to get a ____________. Its also nice to get service.
But if the service isnt good, then you dont have to leave a ___________. In some
countries, when you order food you also have to pay a _____________.

(5) Comparison Shopping:


Forty dollars __________ a meal is a little expensive. Of course, there are some
restaurants that are much more pricey ____________ that. On the other hand, there are
some really good restaurants that are not as costly ________ that.

Reach English Text Book Level 1 Revised Edition 2016|65


Practice D Comparing Products.
(1) If something is ______________ then you have enough money to buy it.
(a) affordable (b) cheap (c) expensive
(2) A ______________ product is one that lasts for a long time.
(a) powerful (b) environmentally friendly (c) durable
(3) When you buy software you want something that is ___________________.
(a) unreliable (b) easy to install (c) roomy
(4) If a building has a lot of space then we say it is _________________.
(a) comfortable (b) roomy (c) tight
(5) When you wear stylish clothing, you are _________________.
(a) fashionable (b) snobby (c) cozy
(6) A _____________ friend is a friend who doesnt break their promises.
(a) powerful (b) important (c) reliable
(7) When your clothes are too ______________, maybe you need to go on a diet.
(a) comfortable (b) baggy (c) tight
(8) A ____________ blanket is very comfortable.
(a) tight (b) cozy (c) itchy

Crossword

Across:
2. If an item is on sale you get a
_________.
4. Has lots of space.
6. Money that you carry on you.
7. $700.00 ____ a pair of pants.
Thats expensive!
8. Its more affordable _____ the
other one.
10. Cozy.
14. How ______ is it?
15. Its ______ to install.
16. The tie __________ your shirt.
18. Something you leave if your
waiter was good.
19. _______ thats $25.00.

Down: 11. Heres your ______ and your


1. You said $43.99, _________? change.
3. The total _______ ______ $55.47. 12. The hamburger is not as healthy ____
4. Not expensive and not cheap. the vegetarian sub.
5. Ill _______ a check. 13. I like your sweater. It ______ ______
9. Would you like to ______ it on your on you.
credit card? 17. Money that the government collects.

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Practice E Copying numbers in words

1. 75 = . 6. 6,375=.
2. 150= 7. 10,050= ..
3. 750= 8. 98,000= ..
4. 1,250= . 9. 125,000=
5. 2,500=. 10. 645,000=

Make sentences using some of the following adjectives -


Practice F (adjective)+er than.

Cheap Fast Easy Big Healthy Safe


Tight High Low Spicy Cozy Roomy

(1) Fish is healthier than beef or pork.


(2)
(3)

More (adjective) than


(1) Compact cars are more environmentally friendly than gas guzzlers.
(2)
(3)

Not as (adjective) as
Using any adjectives from (B) and (C) above, make three sentences:
(1) Motels are not as expensive as hotels.
(2)
(3)

Crossword Write the correct quantifier in the word cross puzzle.

Clues Across :
1. 2 of cereal
3. 2.. of wine
7. A .of mayonnaise
8. A . of eggs
10. A . of butter
12. A f cake
13. 10 .. of cheese

Clues Down :
1. 2. of rice
2. A . of toilet paper
4. 2 .. of bread
5. 2 .. of soup
6. A .. of gum
9. 2.of lettuce
11. A . of toothpaste

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Fill in the blanks with the correct word and plural form of the
Practice G following words:

a. money b. dictionary c. watch d. Shirt


e. that f. dress g. this h. toy

1. You need a . to go to college.


2. are important for students to study a foreign language.
3. Children love to play.
4. . Ties look nice.
5. I need .. to go shopping.
6. People need to wear.
7. .. tell time.
8. Look over there! trousers match my dress.

Practice the conversation below with your partner. Change the


Speaking
underlined words or phrases with the words or phrases in the box.

(1) Sweater (2) not as stylish as (3) much brighter than


Shirt it goes well with your pants it matches your shoes
(4) 25% (5) $38.62 (6) write a check
15% $28.87 pay with cash

Clerk: I really like that jacket! (1)


It looks good on you.
Customer: I dont know.
Its more expensive than the other one. (2)
Clerk: But it makes you look thin. (3)
Ill tell you what: Ill give you a 10% discount. (4)
Customer: Alright. Ill take it. How much is it?
Clerk: With tax, the total comes to $48.50.
How would you like to pay? (5)
Customer: Ill put it on my credit card. (6)

Speaking Practice the conversation below with your partner.

A = Mrs S B = Shop Assistant


A: Excuse me, can you help me?
B: Yes of course, what can I do for you?
A: I bought this T-shirt for my son this afternoon, but it doesn't fit him, it's too small.
B: Do you want to change it or get a refund.
A: I'd like to change it for a larger size. Do you have these in large?
B: I'll just check. Let's see, yes we have large or extra large, which would you prefer?
A: I think large will be fine, it's for my son.
B: That's fine, if it doesn't fit just bring it back again. If you take it to the customer
service desk, they'll sort it all out for you.
B: Thank you. Just as a matter of interest do you give refunds?
A: Yes, of course. You can bring any clothing items back up to three weeks after
purchase, but you must keep the receipt.
A: I see, thanks again.
B: You're welcome.

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What did Dan buy for his big date? Ask your partner for the
Practice H missing information. Then confirm the total.

Getting Information.
What did he buy at London Rolls He bought a chocolate cake and two pastries.
Bakery? It was $12.50 for the cake and $2.00 for the
How much was it? pastries?
How much was the total? With tax, the total came to 13.25?
How did he pay for it? He paid $20.00 cash and got $6.75 change.
Confirming Information.
So thats a total of $13.25 for the cake and Thats right.

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www.bogglesworldesl.com

What did Dan buy for his big date? Ask your partner
for the missing information. Then confirm the total.
Getting Information.
What did he buy at London Rolls He bought a chocolate cake and two pastries.
Bakery? It was $12.50 for the cake and $2.00 for the
How much was it? pastries?
How much was the total? With tax, the total came to 13.25?
How did he pay for it? He paid $20.00 cash and got $6.75 change.
Confirming Information.
So thats a total of $13.25 for the cake and Thats right.

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Reading Read the kinds of shopping below and answer the questions.

Catalog Shopping
People in the US often shop from catalogs. There are special catalogs for almost every
need including clothing, furniture, health and beauty products, and things for the kitchen.
People also order about 40% of their music from music club catalogs. Customers say that
music stores are too noisy.
Television shopping
Television shopping began in 1986. About 5% to 8% of the American public now shops by
television. Some popular shopping channels are the Home Shopping Network and QVC.
Customers say that television shopping is easier than shopping in a store. How do they
buy things? They make a phone call and charge the item to their credit card. And TV
shopping channels are on late at night, so people can go shopping any time.
Computer Shopping
Is computer shopping the way of the future? About 3% of American household now have
personal computers, and shopping by computer (or shopping on-line) is interesting to
more people every day. Already, shoppers can use their computers to order many
different products, such as computer products, flowers, food, T-shirt, and posters. And
new on-line shopping services appear everyday. Soon people may be able to shop for
anything, anytime, anywhere in the world.

Questions
1. What is each text about?
2. Why do people like to shop music from catalogs?
3. What products can people buy from catalogs?
4. How many years has television shopping been popular?
5. What is the percentage of the American people that recently shop by television and
by computer?
6. What are the well-known shopping channels America?
7. How do people buy things by television shopping?
8. What is the requirement to shop by television?
9. When can people shop by television?
10. What does the word public in line 2 mean?
11. What is the percentage of American people that do on-line shopping?
12. How can people in the world shop anything anytime and anywhere?
Listen to the audio or your teacher to fill in the blanks to complete
Listening the text.

Shopping (1) worlds most popular hobbies. I hate it. Theres nothing more
boring (2) .. shopping malls. What a waste of time. I know a lot of people
who like window shopping just (3) without wanting to buy anything.
Crazy! My plan for shopping is quickly in, quickly out. (5) .. shopping, I go in the
morning on a weekday. This is when the stores are (6) .. get what you want
quickly, without thousands of other shoppers (7) .. . The worst time to go
shopping is on a Saturday afternoon during sale season. (8).. all of the
worlds bargain hunters are in the same store as you. I was (9) ..
shopping came along. This is very relaxing.

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Syllabus of Unit Seven

Topic/ Competencies Language components Skills

Theme

My campus Talking about Vocabulary: Speak about faculties,


life universities, departments, majors and
faculties, concerning campus life peoples description
departments, and descriptive words,
majors/school expressions used by
subjects; students to talk about
campus life; grammar Listen to a text for detail
informing about
campus life review about simple information about students
including present tense, telling and gap fills activities.
campus, prohibition (must/mustnt),
students, their passive voice, and
classmates, descriptive adjectives.
Read a text for
courses and
comprehension about
lecturers
facilities of a university

Write a description of a
university and people

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7 My Campus Life

SNAPSHOT What do the text and the picture tell you?

The Professors Wish


Ahmad, Joko and a professor are walking through a
campus park and they find an antique oil lamp. They
rub it and a Genie comes out in a puff of smoke. The
Genie says, I usually only grant three wishes, so Ill give
each just one. Me first! Me first! says Ahmad. I
want to be in the Bahamas, driving a speedboat with
my close friend. Poof! Hes gone. Me next! Me next!
says Joko. I want to be in Hawaii, relaxing on the
beach. Poof! Hes gone. Youre next, the Genie says
to the professor. The professor says. I want those guys
back in the class NOW because we have to study.

VOCABULARY

Rector Public University Library Faculty


Dean Diploma Sport Short Semester
Head of department Undergraduate Campus Department
Lectures College Postgraduate Canteen
Course Education Make-up class
Building Credit Tuition fee

State Islamic University of SUSKA Riau:

- Faculty of Education and Teachers Training.


- Faculty of Syariah and Law
- Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Publicity
- Faculty of Economy
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Science and Technology
- Faculty of Animal Husbandry

Practice A Discuss the following points.

1. Tell about the faculties available in your university.


2. How do you find your faculty and department?
3. Do you enjoy studying at your department? Why?

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Practice B Fill in the blanks with the words given in the box.

a. course b. introduce c. assistants d. science


e. assignments f. teach g. sections h. instructor

Good morning. This is computer.(1).104. My name is Andri Jusuf and I will be


your.(2).for this.(3). Tomorrow, I am going to choose two teaching.(4). They
will.(5).the discussion.(6).and help grade the.(7).I will.(8).them to you at our
next meeting.

Listen to your instructor and then answer the following questions


Practice C based on the article!

There are over 6.000 students studying at the university this year. This number includes
undergraduate and graduate students in all categories- regular students, special students,
and evening students. About sixty percent (60%) of the students are local residents. Most
of them live at home with their parents. The remaining forty percent (40%) are from out
of town. There are students from many different states and from several foreign
Questions:
1. How many students are studying this semester?
2. What does the number of the students include?
3. What are the categories of undergraduate and graduate students?
4. What is the percent of the students as local residents?
5. Do the students come from the same state?
Practice D Complete the following form.

Practice E Pair Work: Talk about your personal record with a friend.

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Language Focus 1 Review of Simple Present Tense
No Verbal Sentence N Nominal Sentence

1 I learn English 1 I am** a student of UIN SUSKa


2 He teaches* English 2 He is in the class now
3 She tells him about her score 3 She is at the first semester
4 We have lunch in the canteen 4 You are a kind lecturer
5 They go to the library 5 We are at the same department
6 You write a short story 6 They are our classmates
7 It consists of three pages
8 The dictionary belongs to Jack
9 The class begin at 8clock
10 My lectures fly to Jakarta

* In simple present tense, subject must agree with verb.


Reminder e.g.: Pronouns (he, she, it_ must have verb ending with s/es.
** I= am he, she, it = is they, you, we = are
Practice F Reorganize the jumbled words into correct sentences.
1. his tells Frank me about experience
2. listens her- lecturer- Mary carefully to
3. classmate a John is good
4. read library I English an book in the
5. are we active class the in
6. talks very she much morning this
7. class at 8 the Oclock begins
8. have lunch they cafeteria in the
9. cat the climbs tree the
10. studies English he Jimmy with

Practice G Fill in the blanks with the verbs given. Use the correct form of the

Does belongs write are is am do discuss arrives live


1. This morning, she .. not go to the campus
2. I/ not understand it.
3. They about the history of Islamic Culture
4. We ..brothers and sisters.
5. You..a short story with Fadel.
6. My village far from Pekanbaru.
7. Theyin the same house.
8. It.at 10 Oclock.
9. I..nor from a big city.
10. The carto my English lecturer.

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Practice H Match the school subject with its description
School subjects Description

1.Biology a) A class where you can try acting and learn about the theatre.
2.Chemistry b) Here we learn about how trade, industry and money is
3.Drama organized in the world.
4.Economics c) The study of the world's land, rivers, mountains, weather
5.Geography and how it all works.
6.History d) The study of the past and how past events shaped our world.
7.Mathematics e) The study of numbers, shapes and spaces.
(math) f) Learning how to play sports and getting some exercise
8.Physics g) The study of belief systems and God.
9.Physical education h) The study of living things like plants, animals and humans.
10.Religious i) The study of different substances and how they interact.
education j) The study of matter and energy and how they affect each
other.

Expressions Study the expressions below

"Where are you from?" "How many credits are you taking?"
"What high school did you attend?" "I'm taking eighteen credits this quarter."
"What are you going to major in?" "I'm only taking 10 credits this semester."
"What are you majoring in?" "I'm taking 20 credits this semester."
"How many credits are you taking "What classes are you taking?"
this semester?" "I'm taking chemistry 135, math 231, and
"What classes are you taking?" English 101.
"What year are you?" "This quarter I'm taking Intro to Sociology,
"What is an easy class to take?" Basics of Music Composition, and Spanish
"Where is the best place to hang 101."
out?" "What year are you?"
"Are you in the dormitory?" "I'm a junior."
"Where do you live?" "I'm a freshman."
"Why did you decide to come to this "I'm a fourth year junior."
school?" "I'm a fifth year senior."

Study the short composition as an example to write personal


WRITING information. Then, write about your personal information.
My name is Siti Raudhati Zulfa. I go to a public university, State Islamic University of Sultan
Syarif Kasim Riau (UIN SUSKA Riau). I study at the Department of Marketing in the Faculty
of Economy. I am an undergraduate student and this semester, I take 24 credits. I like
English very much because it is an international language and it is very important to
enhance my education.

Follow the instruction below :

ROLE PLAY (1) Take turn reading your compositions. Then answer any
question from others.
(2) Take notes when the compositions is read. Then retell the
compositions.

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Speaking Act out the following conversations

Conversation 1
A: "Hey John, did you register for classes yet?"
B: "I register this Friday."
A: "What classes do you plan on taking?"
B: "I really want to take the communication class, but I don't know if it will be available."
A: "Is that class really that popular?"
B: "Yeah. I tried to get in last semester, but it was full by the time I registered."
A: "What other classes are you going to take?"
B: "I still need to take English 201, but I really don't like writing."
A: "I took that class already. There is a lot of writing, but it's not that bad."
B: "Oh really? Who was the instructor? There are like 4 different instructors to choose
from."
A: "I had Professor Mahoney."
B: "Is he an easy grader?"
A: "I'm not sure if he is or not, but I thought he was definitely fair."
B: "Do you mind if I ask you what you got?"
A: "Not at all. I got a 3.8."
B: "Well, what did you get in English 101 last year?"
A: "I got a 4.0 in that class."
B: "Well, I can't compare to you. I got a 3.1 in English 101. That means if you got a lower
grade in English 201, it must be harder."
A: "It's not what it appears. I actually tried harder in the 101 class. If I put as much effort
into the 201 class, I would have received the same grade."
B: "Oh. That helps. Thanks."

Conversation 2
A: "Hey Mike. I forgot about registration. I'm a day late, so all the classes are mostly full.
What do you think I should do?"
B: "You're screwed. You can't do anything about that. You have to hope that you get
some classes that will be useful."
A: "Do you think going to the registration building will help at all."
B: "No. They will tell you the same thing in a worse way."
A: "Did you register yet?"
B: "Of course. Registering for classes is not something you want to miss."
A: "What classes do you think are still open?"
B: "Well, I know psychology 101 is a big class, so there will always be seats in that class.
You can also get into Sociology."
A: "That's helpful. Thanks. But what do you think about philosophy. I wanted to take that
class this semester."
B: "I took that class last year. The professor is really cool, so if you go to his office, you
can have him sign a card that will let you in even if the class is full."
A: "He does that?"
B: "I guess that's because so many people drop out of that class."
A: "That makes sense. I think I'll do that. Thanks for all the help."
B: "No problem man."

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Conversation 3
A: "Did you get your grades yet?"
B: "Yeah. My whole GPA is screwed up now."
A: "Why? What happened?"
B: "Well, I bombed my econ final and ended up with a 1.7."
A: "Ouch. You must be very disappointed."
B: "Well, it's my fault because I didn't study as much as I should have."
A: "Why don't you re-take the class next year?"
B: "That's what I plan on doing unless I keep screwing up. How did you do this semester?"
A: "I didn't do that well either. I ended up with a 3.2 this semester. That drops my total
GPA to 3.45."
B: "My GPA is pretty similar to yours. I have a 3.1 now because of the stupid econ class."
A: "What was your GPA before this semester?"
B: "I was sitting happy with a 3.4."
A: "Why did it go down so much?"
B: "Let's just say I screwed up more than my econ class."
A: "What happened to you?"
B: "I started playing StarCraft and ended up wasting a lot of time."
A: "You better stop slacking off."
B: "You're right. I'm not going to play games during school anymore."

LISTENING Listen to the audio or your teacher to fill in the blanks to complete
A: "What was your GPA before this semester?"
B: "I was sitting happy with a 3.4."
A: "Why did it go down so much?"
B: "Let's just say I screwed up more than my econ class."
A: "What happened to you?"
B: "I started playing StarCraft and ended up wasting a lot of time."
A: "You better stop slacking off."
B: "You're right. I University is one of (1) .of our life, if you
go to university, that is. I totally loved my university days. I also
loved my university. I had three (2) .. being a student.
It was the first time I lived alone, without my parents. I had to
cook, wash and (3) . . I loved it. I had complete
freedom. I also (4) It was much more interesting
than studying at school. It was nice to just (5) .. a
lecture, do the reading and then do the assignments. I really
felt like I was learning something. I also loved (6)
university. Its almost 24/7. There (7) and things
to do. You have to get (8)between studying and
partying.

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Language Focus 2 Telling Prohibition use of must and mustnt
1. I must finish this work before I leave.
2. Must you work so hard?
3. She mustnt use such horrible language. Tom, you mustnt play
with fire.
Notes :
1. Use must to express something that you or a person feels is
necessary. This form is used only in the present and future.
Must does not exist in the past, instead use had to.
2. The negative form of must expresses the idea that something
is prohibited this form is very different in meaning than the
negative of have to!

University Policy
Student MUST
Stay on the classroom during the course.
Act respectfully toward each other.

Student MUSTNT
Have drugs or alcohol.
Use foul language.
Wear shorts or skirts too high above the knee.
Wear shirts with foul language or references to drugs.

Prcatice I Questions and answers


1. Does your university have a student guide with list or rules? What rules do you know?
2. In your university, what happens to students when they break a rule? Do the students
get detention? Where do they serve detention? When?
3. Which your university rules do you agree with? Which rules should change? Why?

Prcatice J Complete the sentences using must or mustnt.


1. You.be absent more than four sessions for a two-credit course.
2. Students.come on time to the class.
3. Weconsume alcohol.
4. I..eat so much sugar.
5. You..watch so much television.

READING Read the text below. Then answer the question


The Facilities of Metropolitan College
The campus of Metropolitan College is designed to provide a total learning
environment. With a capacity of 2.000 students, the campus comprises three blocks of
buildings linked by spacious concourse. The collage is fully air conditioned an equipped
with modern teaching facilities.
There are three lecture halls, the largest of which accommodates 250 students. A
fully automated library management system allows on-line access to the library database.
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About 400 units of computer workstations are installed in the college. These are
networked with Novell Netware an UNIX operating system. A wide variety of business and
engineering software is available. The computers systems also provide Internet access
and electronic mail. The science laboratory for science and engineering courses is
equipped with up-to-date equipment.
Other facilities at the college include tutorial rooms, a cafeteria, a bookshop, a
student mall, computer laboratories, a Resource Center and a multipurpose sports court.
Taken from profile of Metropolitan College
According to the article, which of these statements are probably true or false?
1. T F. The buildings in the Metropolitan College are linked by large courtyard.
2. T F. The lecture halls arent equipped with AC.
3. T F. The science laboratory for science and engineering courses has modern
equipment.
4. T F. Metropolitan College doesnt have a canteen.
Write about 7 facilities available in Metropolitan College based on the article above.
Metropolitan College has:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Answer these questions. Provide your reasons for your answers.
1. Do you think that Metropolitan College is a good College? Why?
2. Can you mention your campus facilities? What are they?

Language Focus 3 Passive Voice


The passive forms of a verb are created by combining a form of the to be verb with the
past participle of the main verb. Other helping verbs are also sometimes present: Lets
take a look at the passive forms in the chart below.

Auxiliary Past
Tense Subject Participle
Singular Plural

Present The car/cars Is Are Designed

Present Perfect The car/cars Has been Have been Designed

Past The car/cars Was Were Designed

Past Perfect The car/cars Had been Had been Designed

Future The car/cars Will be Will be Designed

Future Perfect The car/cars Will have been Will have been Designed

Present Progressive The car/cars Is being Are being Designed

Past Progressive The car/cars Was being Was being Designed

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Practice K Change these sentences into passive form.
Active Passive Reference
They make Fords in Cologne. Present Simple
Shinta is cooking dinner. Present Continuous
The lecturer taught us. Past Simple.
They were painting the house when Past
I arrived. Continuous
They have produced over 20 models Present
in the past two years. Perfect
They are going to build a new Future Intention with
factory in the area. Going to
I will finish it tomorrow. Future Simple

Language Focus 4 Use of adjectives describing things and people.

More example:
1. He has a beautiful car. 5. She is a kind lady.
2. It is an expressive mirror. 6. A big brown house
3. He has black and short hair. 7. A small old English desk
4. I like Indonesian food. 8. A beautiful black Italian leather purse

Writing Write about the general description of UIN SUSKA.

Speaking Talk about the characteristics of these people.

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Write and then talk about the characteristics of your classmates or
Practice L roommate in front of the class. Put his or her photo in the space
given. Study the example given
This is my roommate. She studies at the same department with me. We also have the
same major. Shes rather tall. Shes beautiful. She has thick hair. She is also friendly. Shes
diligent and smart. She takes 24 credits this semester. Besides, shes artistic. She likes
music very much. She likes to play the guitar in her spare time.
Write about your classmate or roommate here!
.........................
..............................
........................................
.................................................

Speaking Talk about these


Tell about one of the faculties available in State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif
Kasim Riau (UIN SUSKA Riau).
Tell about one of your lecturers, classmates or roommates.

Listening Listen to your lecturer or the audio and fill in the blanks to
University is one of (1) of our life, if you go to
university, that is. I totally (2) . days. I also loved my
university. I had three (3) . a student. It was the first
(4). , without my parents. I had to cook, wash and
(5) . I loved it. I had complete freedom. I also loved
the studying. It (6) . than studying at school. It
was nice to (7) . to a lecture, do the reading and (8)
.. I really felt like I was learning something. I
also (9) .. at university. Its almost 24/7. There are
always parties and things to do. You have to get the right balance
(10) .

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* Appendices
A. Alphabets

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B. Numbers

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Cardinal numbers from 1 through 1,000,000
1 one 11 eleven 21 twenty-one 31 thirty-one
2 two 12 twelve 22 twenty-two 40 forty
3 three 13 thirteen 23 twenty-three 50 fifty
4 four 14 fourteen 24 twenty-four 60 sixty
5 five 15 fifteen 25 twenty-five 70 seventy
6 six 16 sixteen 26 twenty-six 80 eighty
7 seven 17 seventeen 27 twenty-seven 90 ninety
8 eight 18 eighteen 28 twenty-eight 100 a/one hundred
9 nine 19 nineteen 29 twenty-nine 1,000 a/one thousand
10 ten 20 twenty 30 thirty 1,000,000 a/one million

Separation between hundreds and tens


Hundreds and tens are usually separated by 'and' (in American English 'and' is not
necessary).
110 - one hundred and ten
1,250 - one thousand, two hundred and fifty
2,001 - two thousand and one

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Hundreds
Use 100 always with 'a' or 'one'.
100 - a hundred / one hundred

'a' can only stand at the beginning of a number.


100 - a hundred / one hundred
2,100 - two thousand, one hundred

Thousands and Millions


Use 1,000 and 1,000,000 always with 'a' or 'one'.
1,000 - a thousand / one thousand
201,000 - two hundred and one thousand

Use commas as a separator.


57,458,302

The Number 1,000,000,000


In English this number is a billion. This is very tricky for nations where 'a billion' has 12
zeros. 1,000,000,000,000 in English, however, is a trillion.
But don't worry, these numbers are even a bit problematic for native speakers: for a long
time the British 'billion' had 12 zeros (a number with 9 zeros was called 'a thousand
million'). Now, however, also in British English 'a billion' has 9 zeros. But from time to time
this number still causes confusion (just like this paragraph, I'm afraid). ;o)

Singular or Plural?
Numbers are usually written in singular.
two hundred Euros
several thousand light years
The plural is only used with dozen, hundred, thousand, million, billion, if they are
not modified by another number or expression (e.g. a few / several).
hundreds of Euros
thousands of light years

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C. Singular and Plural Nouns
Grammar Lessons (http://www.talkenglish.com)
A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns give names of concrete or abstract
things in our lives. As babies learn "mom," "dad," or "milk" as their first word, nouns
should be the first topic when you study a foreign language.

For the plural form of most nouns, add s.


bottle bottles
cup cups
pencil pencils
desk desks
sticker stickers
window windows

For nouns that end in ch, x, s, or s sounds, add es.


box boxes
watch watches
moss mosses
bus buses

For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add es.


wolf wolves
wife wives
leaf leaves
life lives

Some nouns have different plural forms.


child children
woman women
man men
mouse mice
goose geese

Nouns ending in vowels like y or o do not have definite rules.


baby babies
toy toys
kidney kidneys
potato potatoes
memo memos
stereo stereos

A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.


sheep sheep
deer deer
series series
species species

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Exercise: Choose the correct form of the noun in each sentence.
1) I have three (child, children).
2) There are five (man, men) and one (woman, women).
3) (Baby, Babies) play with bottles as toys.
4) I put two big (potato, potatoes) in the lunch box.
5) A few men wear (watch, watches).
6) I put a (memo, memos) on the desk.
7) I saw a (mouse, mice) running by.
8) There are few (bus, buses) on the road today.

D. Count Nouns vs. Non-Count Nouns


Count nouns can be counted as one or more.
pen, computer, bottle, spoon, desk, cup, television, chair, shoe, finger, flower,
camera, stick, balloon, book, table, comb, etc.
Take an s to form the plural.
pens, computers, bottles, spoons, desks, cups, televisions, chairs, shoes, fingers,
flowers, cameras, sticks, balloons, books, tables, combs, etc.
Work with expressions such as (a few, few, many, some, every, each, these, and the
number of).
a few pens, a few computers, many bottles, some spoons, every desk, each cup,
these televisions, the number of chairs, a few shoes, a few fingers, many flowers,
some cameras, every stick, each balloon, these books, the number of tables, many
combs, etc.
Work with appropriate articles (a, an, or the).
a pen, the computer, a bottle, the spoon, a desk, the cup, a television, the chair, a
shoe, the finger, a flower, the camera, a stick, the balloon, a book, the table, a comb,
etc.
Do NOT work with much (for example, you would never say much pens or much
computers).

Non-count nouns cannot be counted. They usually express a group or a type.


water, wood, ice, air, oxygen, English, Spanish, traffic, furniture, milk, wine, sugar,
rice, meat, flour, soccer, sunshine, etc.
Generally cannot be pluralized.
Work both with and without an article (a, an, or the), depending on the context of the
sentence.
Sugar is sweet.
The sunshine is beautiful.
I drink milk.
He eats rice.
We watch soccer together.
The wood is burning.

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Work with expressions such as (some, any, enough, this, that, and much).
We ate some rice and milk.
I hope to see some sunshine today.
This meat is good.
She does not speak much Spanish.
Do you see any traffic on the road?
That wine is very old.
Do NOT work with expressions such as (these, those, every, each, either, or neither).
Exercise: Choose all of the non-count nouns in the following list:
wine, student, pen, water, wind, milk, computer, furniture, cup, rice, box, watch,
potato, wood

E. Possessive Nouns

Possessive nouns are used to indicate ownership.

Possessive nouns usually are formed by adding an apostrophe (') and s.


John's book
Kerry's car
Grandma's mirror
When a noun is plural and ends in s, just add an apostrophe (').
The kids' toys
My parents' house
The teachers' lounge
If two people own one thing, add the apostrophe and s to the second person only.
John and Mary's new house
David and Sue's wedding
Tom and Doug's car
If two people own separate things, add the apostrophe and s for each person.
Susan's and Beth's books
Jean's and Dan's pants
Ben's and Jim's offices

Exercise: Which of the following is not correct?


1) Dr. Hunts has a new computer.
2) Dr. Hunts's new computer is working well.
3) Dr. Hunts' computer is new.

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F. Pronouns
A pronoun takes the place of a noun.
Example story:
Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. Mary works with Mr. James and Mr.
James' son Tom. Mr. James and Mr. James' son Tom are experts in biochemistry. Mary,
Mr. James, and Tom researched and invented a drug for cancer treatment.

If the story above is written using pronouns:


Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. She works with Mr. James and his son
Tom. He and his son Tom are experts in biochemistry. They researched and invented a
drug for cancer treatment.

G. Personal Pronouns
Personal pronouns refer to a person:
I go to school.
You are a student.
They are Koreans.
He works here.
We gave her food.

The word it' refers to an object:


I drank it.
It is big.
They cut it into halves.

Memorize the personal pronouns:

Exercise: Write the correct pronoun in each blank.

1) I ate an apple. was delicious.


2) You look tired. should rest.
3) She is a teacher. I gave a book.
4) They are my friends. I like very much.
5) He saw the movie. was fun.

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H. Be' Verbs
A verb shows action or a state of being.

I go home. Home is my place to rest. I like the smell of my house. I feel totally relaxed.
Home refreshes me. At home, I get ready for a new day.

"Be" verbs indicate a state of being. Verbs must match subjects.


I am a doctor.
He is sleepy.
We are here.
Negative sentences need not' after the verb.
I am not a doctor; He is not sleepy; We are not there.
The verb comes first in interrogative sentences.
Am I a doctor?
Is he sleepy?
Are we there?
"Are not" (is not) can be shortened to "aren't" (isn't).
He isn't sleepy. We aren't there.

Exercise: Which of the following sentences are written correctly?


1) I am thirsty.
2) You are kind.
3) He am not sad.
4) She are not tall.
5) It is not moving.
6) We aren't tired.
7) Is they running?
8) Are you ready?

I. List of irregular verbs

Infinitive Simple Past Tense Past Participle

Awake Awoke awoken

Be was, were been

Bear Bore born


Beat Beat beat

Become Became become

begin Began begun

bend Bent bent


beset Beset beset

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bet bet bet

bid bid/bade bid/bidden

bind bound bound


bite bit bitten

bleed bled bled

blow blew blown

break broke broken


breed bred bred

bring brought brought

broadcast broadcast broadcast


build built built

burn burned/burnt burned/burnt

burst burst burst

buy bought bought


cast cast cast

catch caught caught

choose chose chosen

cling clung clung

come came come

cost cost cost

creep crept crept


cut cut cut

deal dealt dealt

dig dug dug

dive dived/dove dived


do did done

draw drew drawn

dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt


drive drove driven

drink drank drunk

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eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

feed fed fed


feel felt felt

fight fought fought

find found found

fit fit fit


flee fled fled

fling flung flung

fly flew flown


forbid forbade forbidden

forget forgot forgotten

forego (forgo) forewent foregone

forgive forgave forgiven


forsake forsook forsaken

freeze froze frozen

get got gotten

give gave given

go went gone

grind ground ground

grow grew grown


hang hung hung

hear heard heard

hide hid hidden

hit hit hit


hold held held

hurt hurt hurt

keep kept kept


kneel knelt knelt

knit knit knit

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know knew know

lay laid laid

lead led led


leap leaped/leapt leaped/leapt

learn learned/learnt learned/learnt

leave left left

lend lent lent


let let let

lie lay lain

light lighted/lit lighted


lose lost lost

make made made

mean meant meant

meet met met


misspell misspelled/misspelt misspelled/misspelt
mistake mistook mistaken

mow mowed mowed/mown

overcome overcame overcome


overdo overdid overdone

overtake overtook overtaken

overthrow overthrew overthrown

pay paid paid


plead pled pled

prove proved proved/proven

put put put


quit quit quit

read read read

rid rid rid

ride rode ridden


ring rang rung

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rise rose risen

run ran run

saw sawed sawed/sawn


say said said

see saw seen

seek sought sought

sell sold sold


send sent sent

set set set

sew sewed sewed/sewn


shake shook shaken

shave shaved shaved/shaven

shear shore shorn

shed shed shed


shine shone shone

shoe shoed shoed/shod

shoot shot shot

show showed showed/shown

shrink shrank shrunk

shut shut shut

sing sang sung


sink sank sunk

sit sat sat

sleep slept slept

slay slew slain


slide slid slid

sling slung slung

slit slit slit


smite smote smitten

sow sowed sowed/sown

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speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped

spend spent spent

spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt


spin spun spun

spit spit/spat spit

split split split

spread spread spread


spring sprang/sprung sprung

stand stood stood

steal stole stolen


stick stuck stuck

sting stung stung

stink stank stunk

stride strod stridden


strike struck struck

string strung strung

strive strove striven


swear swore sworn

sweep swept swept

swell swelled swelled/swollen

swim swam swum


swing swung swung

take took taken

teach taught taught

tear tore torn


tell told told

think thought thought

thrive thrived/throve thrived


throw threw thrown

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thrust thrust thrust

tread trod trodden

understand understood understood


uphold upheld upheld

upset upset upset

wake woke woken

wear wore worn


weave weaved/wove weaved/woven

wed wed wed

weep wept wept


wind wound wound

Win won won

withhold withheld withheld

withstand withstood withstood


Wring wrung wrung

Write wrote written

J. Vocabulary: Go, do, or play sports?

How do you know when to use go, do, or play when you talk about sports? Are these
sentences correct? Look at them and try to guess.

1. I like to play bowling. (correct/ not correct)


2. Jim likes to play basketball. (correct/ not correct)
3. Mary likes to go skiing. (correct/ not correct)
4. We like to play hiking. (correct/ not correct)
5. They usually do golf. (correct/ not correct)
6. Mike and Carol play karate. (correct/ not correct)

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Look at the white board.

Here are the correct answers :

Here are the correct answers :

1. I like to go bowling.

2. Jim likes to play basketball. (correct above)

3. Mary likes to go skiing. (correct above)

4. We like to go hiking.

5. They usually play golf.

6. Mike and Carol do karate.

H. Question words (http://www.myenglishpages.com)


Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters 'W' and 'H'.

Question
Meaning Examples
words

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who person Who's that? That's Nancy.

where place Where do you live? In Boston

Why do you sleep early? Because I've got to


why reason
get up early

when time When do you go to work? At 7:00

how manner How do you go? By car

object, idea or
what What do you do? I am an engineer
action

which choice Which one do you prefer? The red one.

whose possession Whose is this book? It's Alan's.

whom object of the verb Whom did you meet? I met the manager.

What kind of music do you like? I like quiet


what kind description
songs

what time time What time did you come home?

How many students are there? There are


how many quantity (countable)
twenty.

amount, price
how much How much time have we got? Ten minutes
(uncountable)

How long did you stay in that hotel? For two


how long duration, length
weeks.

How often do you go to the gym? Twice a


how often frequency
week.

how far distance How far is your school? It's one mile far.

how old age How old are you? I'm 16.

how come reason How come I didn't see at the party?

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References

Chris Gunn http://www.englishlanguageworld.com


Darwis,Jamaludin.1995. English for Islamic Studies. PT. RajaGrafindo.
Ellis,M and Nina ODrsiscoll.1992. Socializing. Longman Group Ltd.
http://www.myenglishpages.com
http://www.bogglesworldesl.com)
http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/shopping.html
http://www.eslpartyland.com/quiz-center/foodcross.html
http://www.talkenglish.com/Speaking/Regular/College1.aspx
http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/education-vocabulary
http://www.5minuteenglish.com
http://www. listenaminute.com/e/education.html
http://www.voanews.com/classroom
http://bogglesworldesl.com/doctor
www.esl-video.com
http://esl.about.com/od/beginnerpronunciation/a/greetings.htm
Madwick,M and Yvonne Ware.1994. Speaking Australian English. Radio Australia,
Melbourne.
Richards J.C. 2001. Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge
University Press.

Richards J.C, et al. 1997. New Interchange. Cambridge University Press.


Rost, M, et al.2005.English Express. Pearson Education Inc., Hongkong.
Senduk, Anneke, el al.1995. General English-Basic I.LBPP-LIA,Jakarta.
Walter Teresa.2004. The How to Handbook-Teaching English Language
Learners. Person Education Inc.

Werner ,Patricia K.1996. A Communicative Grammar-Interactions 2. McGraw


Hill.

Yudistira,Ahmad, et al.2005. Encounter 3. LBPP-LIA,Jakarta.

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