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19 3 Vol.19 No.

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2002 6 ENGINEERING MECHANICS June 2002

1000-4750(2002)03-034-06

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2001-03-09
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BUCKLING AND STIFFNESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF BEAMS OF


VARIOUS SECTIONS

ZHAO Guo-zhong , CHEN Biao-song , KANG Zhan , GU Yuan-xian


(State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment, Dept. of Engineering Mechanics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024)

Abstract: The stiffness optimization subjected to the constraints of shear, bending, or torsion force, and the
buckling optimization subjected to the constraints of axial and shear forces of beam structures with five kinds of
commonly used cross sections are studied in the paper. The design variables include the sizes and the shape of
beam cross-section, and the optimizations have been performed with JIFEX, a general-purpose software for the
finite element analysis and design optimization. Some useful conclusions for engineering design are drawn by
analyses of the computational results of design optimization. Additionally, a wave-shaped beam of aeroplane
structure is optimized and the influence of wave number on the structural buckling stability and stiffness is
discussed.

Key words: finite element analysis; design optimization; stiffness; buckling; beam structure

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3D FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF LARGE DYNAMIC MACHINE


FOUNDATION CONSIDERING SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION

LIU Jing-bo1 ,WANG Zhen-yu1 , ZHANG Ke-feng2 , PEI Yu-xiao2


(1. Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084; 2. Beijing Petrochemical Engineering Company, Beijing 100101)

Abstract: This paper presents three dimensional finite element method for analysis of dynamic response of
large dynamic machine foundation considering soil-structure interaction. Dynamic machine foundation and its
surrounding rock are taken as an integrated coupling object. Machine foundation is regarded as viscoelastic body
to reflect deformation of foundation. Viscous-spring artificial boundary is constructed which can simulate not
only the radiation damping of semi-infinite soil, but also the elasticity recovery capacity of the far field media on
the boundary. The equivalent spring solid element is constructed for implementing the artificial boundary with
commercial FE program. Analysis of dynamic response of Yanshan LDPE project is performed by the method.
Quantitative analysis of major factors which affect dynamic response of large machine foundation is performed
by numerical experiments and some useful conclusions are drawn.

Key words: dynamic soil-structure interaction; dynamic machine foundation; viscous-spring boundary;
equivalent spring solid element