You are on page 1of 4

1 O. lOOOE+OS 0.6776E-Ol O. 7322E+OO -o. 5134E-03 O. /! wt,.

:OO
2 O. 2000E+08 0.4843E-01 0.3758E+OO -0.8204E-05 o. 19rr1t -oo
3 0.3000E+08 0.3973E-Ol 0.2534E+OQ -0.3859E-04 o. 13~,;t~ !-QO
4 0.4000E+08 0.3450E-Oi ~. l914E+OO
l -O. 4108E-03 o. 10;1E :-00
O. 5000E+08 O. 3C:92E-O1 O. 1538E+OQ -0.4234E-03 O. '8~'/E Ol

These resuLts ,nclic.a..:te tha.:I: the -reiuireol stiffness is

1:: = 8 x 10 g N /m .

8 Let d = thickness of bracket. Then, from Example 4.18; self weight of beam = w = 0.5
d lb, total weight at free end of beam = W = 0.5 d + 0.4 lb, moment of inertia of
beam cross section = I = 0.04167 d3 in", static deflection of beam under W:

5t = W3 E I =
f3 (0,5 d; 0.4) 7.9994 (10-4) in
d
We need to use a trial and error procedure to find the correct value of d.

Let d = 1 in:

V --V
w = 0.5 lb, W = 0.9 lb, I = 0.04167 in4, st = 0.9 (7.9994) {10-4) = 7.19946 (10-4) in,

"'n
, __ 2 ,,,.
,. st 7.19946 {10;-4)
---~-~ = 0.008577 sec
g 386.4
~ = O.l = 11.6591
Tn 0.008577
From Fig. 4.65, shock amplifi.cation factor {Aa) corresponding to to/rn = 11.6591 is
Aa ;::::2.0.
Dynamic load at end of cantilever = P d = Aa M 3.s = (2.0) (0.9 /g) (lOOg) = 180.0 lb.

a. = Mb c = (l80 {lO)) (1.o/2) = 21598.2721 lb/in2

ma.x I 0.04167
Since this is smaller than the permissible valu of 26000 psi, we choose a smaller value of
d next.

= 85 (79994 = 9.3271 (10-4)

\/fs-t V
w = 0.45 lb, W = 0.85 lb, I = 0.03038 in", st (l0-4)) in
0.93

Tn -
- 2 7 -
g
- 2 7 9.3271 (10-4)
386.4
-- 009762 sec

~ = O.l = 10.2438
Tn 0.009762

u. = Mb c = (170 (10)) (0.9 /2) = 25181.0402 lb/in2

mu: I 0.03038
Since this stress is close to the maximum. permissible value, we take d = 0.9 in.

4-53
8
Let d = thickness of bracket. Then from Example 4.18, self weight of beam = w = 0.5
d lb, total weight at free end of beam = W = 0.5 d + 0.4 lb, moment of inertia of
beam cross section = I = 0.04167 d3 in", static deflection of beam under W:

5t =
[
0.5 d + 0.4
d3
l 7.9994 (10
-4 .
) lil

We need to use a trial and error procedure to find the correct value of d. However, since
the shock amplification factor, for large values of t0/rn, for the triangular pulse of Fig.
4:.66 is similar to that of the pulse shown in Fig. 4.15, we start with d = 0.6 in. This
gives:
w = 0.3 lb, W = 0.7 lb, I = (0.04167) (0.216) = 0.009001 in",

0.7 (7.9994 (10-4)) = 25.9240 (10-4) in, n = 2 7f ""\. , / 25924 (l0-4)

=
st
o.63 386.4
0.01627 sec, to/rn = (0.1/0.01627) .= 6.1445. From Fig. 4.66, we fnd shock
_
V
amplification factor as A.a ~ 1.1, dynamic load at end of beam = P d = A.a M = {1.1)
(0.7 /g) (lOOg) = 77.0 lb, maximum bending stress at root of beam =
O"ma.x = M; c = (77(10)) (0.6/2) / (0.009001) = 25663.8151 psi. Since this stress is very
close to the maximum permissible value, we select d = 0.6 in as the design.

Let d = thickness of bracket (beam). Self weight of beam = w = d (1/2) (16) (0.1) =
0.8 d lb, total load at middle of beam = W = (1 + 0.8 d) lb, area moment of inertia of
beam cross section = I = _..!__
12 2
(.!_) d3 in4 Static deflection of beam at middle due to
.
W:
Wt3 + 08 d) (l63) + 0.8
st = 192 E I - 192(l(107) (0.04167 d3)
= (1 d) (51.1959 (10-6)) in

We need to use a trial and error procedure to determine the correct value of d.

,w = 0.32 lb, W = 1.32 lb, I = 0.002667 in 4, 5t = 67.5786 (10-5) in,

675786 (l0-6)
r

to
n
= 2
V
7f ""\.

0.1
/
386.4
= 0.002628 sec

- = = 38.0569
0.002628
From Fig. 4.15(b ),. A.a ~ 1.1, and the dynamic load on beam is given by P d = Aa M ~
where M = total mass o beam and a, = acceleration due to shock = 100 g. Thus
P d = (1.1) (1.32/g) (100 s) = 145.2 lb. Maximum bending moment in a fi.xed-fi.xed beam
due to load (F) at the middle is given by Mb = F e so that

l(
8

Mb e [ 145.! (16) 0;4)

O"max = -1- =
0.002667
= 21777.2778 lb/in2

4-54
Since this stress is smaller than the maximum permissible value of 26000 psi, we next
select a smaller value of d.

w = 0.28 lb, W = 1.28 lb, I = 0.001787 in", 5t = 65.5307 (10-6) in,

655307 (l0-6)
Tn =
V
2 tt 111\. /
386.4
= 0.002587 sec

~ = O.l = 38.6469
Tn 0.002587
. From Fig. 4.15(b), Aa. :::::: 1.1, P d

<7. = --
Mb e
=
= (1.1) (1.28/g)

[
140.8 (l6)
8
l(
0.35 )
2
(lOOg)= 140.8 lb

= 27576.9446 lb/in2
ma.x I 0.001787
Since this stress exceeds the permissible value, we increase the value of d.

w = 0.296 lb, W = 1.296 lb, I = 0.002111 in", 5t = 66.3499 (10-6) in

/ 663499 (l0-6)
Tn =

to
V
2 7f 11'\.
386.4
= 0.002604 sec

- = 38.4024
Tn

= =
l[
From Fig. 4.15(b), A.,. :::::: 1.1 , P d (1.1) (1.296/g) (100 g) 142.56 lb, and

Mb e . [ 142.5: (16) 0.:7 ]

0-ma.x = --
I
-
0.002111
= 24986.8309 lb/in2

Since this stress is close to the maximum permissible value, we select the design as d =
0.37 in.

(:'";;\ W - m g - 100000 lb, ~ - O.OS, o-y 30000 psi,

V O-max = maximum. permissible stress = ~ =
30~00
= 15000 psi,

100000 101.0793
sec
386.4 k Vk
We need to use a trial and error procedure to find k.

Let k = 10000 lb /in:

4-55
k = 104 = 3EI = 3 (30 (106)) I
e3 6003
I = 24000 in4 = _..::__ d~ (0.5904) with ~ = 0.8
64 d,
d~ = 82.8121 (104) in4
do = 30.1664 in ; d = 24.1331 in
101.0793 l
Tu= ~ sec
Y104
From Fig. 4.~8,, for 7n = 1 sec and r= 0.05, we find S, = 25 in/sec, Sd = 4.2 in and
Sa. = 0.42 g.
Maximum shear force in column:
W 100000
F ma.x =- Sa. - ---'---- (0.42g) = 42000 lb
g g
Mximum bending moment:
Mb = F max h = (42000) (50 (12)) = 25.2 (106) lb-in
Maximum bending stress:

b = Mb c = (25.2 (106)) (30.1664/2) = 15837_36 lb/in2

I 24 (103)
Since ths stress is slightly smaller than the maximum permissible value, we choose a
larger value of k.

k = 2 (l04) = 3 (30 (106)) I d~ = 165.6243 (104) in4

6003 do = 35.87 41 in ; d = 28.6993 in
I = 48000 in4 = _..::__ d~ (0.5904) Tu = l0l.0793 = 0.7147 sec
64
V20000

From Fig. 4.18, we find

S; = 26 in/sec, Sd = 3 in, Sa. = 0.6 g
Maximum shear force in column:
W 105
Fma.x =- Sa. =- (0.6g) = 60000 lb
g g
Maximum bending moment:
Mb = F ma.x h = (60000) (600) = 36 (106) lb-in
Maximum bending stress:

a = Mb c = (36 (106)) (35.8741/2) = 13452.7875 lb/in2

b I 48 (103)
Since this stress is less than the maximum permissible value, we choose the inner and
outer diameters of the columnas d = 28.6993 in and do = 35.8741 in.

4-56