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TOPIC # 8: Choices Have Consequences and Some Things Are

Given Up while Others Are Obtained in Making Choices


POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1. Twentieth century gave rise to the importance of the individual, the opposite of medieval
thought that was God-centered. For Ayn Rand (1996), individual mind is the tool for economic
progress vis--vis laissez faire capitalism.
2. Individual rights, as espoused by Hobbes and Rousseau, are not merely numbers. Rand rejects
collectivism because of its brute force. Though human beings have rights, there should also be
responsibility.
3. Rand cited the right to gain, to keep use, and to dispose of material values. Most developed
countries have disposed their toxic wastes to developing countries. Disposing material values,
this, is not just a matter of throwing wastes but projecting where to dump wastes that would not
impinge on the rights of others.
4. Individualism, as espoused by Rand, is lined in family dependency because Easterners believe
that the individual needs the community and vice versa.
5. Filipinos embraced family and political parties. For the Filipinos, one does not only fulfill
reasons of the mind but of the heart and personal involvement as well. Whereas Rand upheld the
individual, Filipinos loob is essentially an interpersonal and social concept before it is a
privately, personal concept.
6. Filipinos look at themselves as holistic from interior dimension under the principle of
harmony. This encompasses Filipinos humanity, personality, theological perspective, and daily
experiences.
7. There is the apprehension on the group-oriented approach of the Filipino that might hamper
the individuals initiative and responsibility. It is contended that the individual should be
disciplined from within rather than fear of authority figure. Discipline and responsibility should
be inculcated especially through education.
8. Filipinos loob is the basis of Christian value of sensitivity to the needs of others and gratitude.
It encompassed give-and-take relationship among Filipinos. As such, repaying those who have
helped us is a manifestation of utang na loob or debt of gratitude. Loob is similar with other
Eastern views that aspire for harmony (sakop) with others, God and nature.
9. The concept of Rands free individual and Filipinoss view of the free human being may have
differences but can be overcome. The potential of the Filipino should be able to grow so that he
will be aware of his uniqueness.
10. Individualism, thus, should not be seen as selfishness but an affirmation of a truly human self
that is supreme value of human living. To be a free individual is to be responsible not only for
ones self but also for all. Thus, the individual becomes a free and creative person who asserts
ones uniqueness.
11. Kagandahang loob, kabutihang loob, and kalooban are terms that show sharing of ones self to
others. This is the freedom within loob. Loob puts one in touch with his fellow beings. Great
Philippine values, in fact, are essentially interpersonal. The use of intermediaries or go-betweens,
the values of loyalty, hospitality, pakikisama (camaraderie), and respect to authority are such
values that relate to persons.
12. Filipino ethics has an internal code and sanction that other legalistic moral philosophies that
are rather negative. The Filipino, who stresses duties over rights, has plenty in common, once
again with Chinese or Indians.
TOPIC # 8: Choices Have Consequences and Some Things Are
Given Up while Others Are Obtained in Making Choices
POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1. Twentieth century gave rise to the importance of the individual, the opposite of medieval
thought that was God-centered. For Ayn Rand (1996), individual mind is the tool for economic
progress vis--vis laissez faire capitalism.
2. Individual rights, as espoused by Hobbes and Rousseau, are not merely numbers. Rand rejects
collectivism because of its brute force. Though human beings have rights, there should also be
responsibility.
3. Rand cited the right to gain, to keep use, and to dispose of material values. Most developed
countries have disposed their toxic wastes to developing countries. Disposing material values,
this, is not just a matter of throwing wastes but projecting where to dump wastes that would not
impinge on the rights of others.
4. Individualism, as espoused by Rand, is lined in family dependency because Easterners believe
that the individual needs the community and vice versa.
5. Filipinos embraced family and political parties. For the Filipinos, one does not only fulfill
reasons of the mind but of the heart and personal involvement as well. Whereas Rand upheld the
individual, Filipinos loob is essentially an interpersonal and social concept before it is a
privately, personal concept.
6. Filipinos look at themselves as holistic from interior dimension under the principle of
harmony. This encompasses Filipinos humanity, personality, theological perspective, and daily
experiences.
7. There is the apprehension on the group-oriented approach of the Filipino that might hamper
the individuals initiative and responsibility. It is contended that the individual should be
disciplined from within rather than fear of authority figure. Discipline and responsibility should
be inculcated especially through education.
8. Filipinos loob is the basis of Christian value of sensitivity to the needs of others and gratitude.
It encompassed give-and-take relationship among Filipinos. As such, repaying those who have
helped us is a manifestation of utang na loob or debt of gratitude. Loob is similar with other
Eastern views that aspire for harmony (sakop) with others, God and nature.
9. The concept of Rands free individual and Filipinoss view of the free human being may have
differences but can be overcome. The potential of the Filipino should be able to grow so that he
will be aware of his uniqueness.
10. Individualism, thus, should not be seen as selfishness but an affirmation of a truly human self
that is supreme value of human living. To be a free individual is to be responsible not only for
ones self but also for all. Thus, the individual becomes a free and creative person who asserts
ones uniqueness.
11. Kagandahang loob, kabutihang loob, and kalooban are terms that show sharing of ones self to
others. This is the freedom within loob. Loob puts one in touch with his fellow beings. Great
Philippine values, in fact, are essentially interpersonal. The use of intermediaries or go-betweens,
the values of loyalty, hospitality, pakikisama (camaraderie), and respect to authority are such
values that relate to persons.
12. Filipino ethics has an internal code and sanction that other legalistic moral philosophies that
are rather negative. The Filipino, who stresses duties over rights, has plenty in common, once
again with Chinese or Indians.
TOPIC # 8: Choices Have Consequences and Some Things Are
Given Up while Others Are Obtained in Making Choices
POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1. Twentieth century gave rise to the importance of the individual, the opposite of medieval
thought that was God-centered. For Ayn Rand (1996), individual mind is the tool for economic
progress vis--vis laissez faire capitalism.
2. Individual rights, as espoused by Hobbes and Rousseau, are not merely numbers. Rand rejects
collectivism because of its brute force. Though human beings have rights, there should also be
responsibility.
3. Rand cited the right to gain, to keep use, and to dispose of material values. Most developed
countries have disposed their toxic wastes to developing countries. Disposing material values,
this, is not just a matter of throwing wastes but projecting where to dump wastes that would not
impinge on the rights of others.
4. Individualism, as espoused by Rand, is lined in family dependency because Easterners believe
that the individual needs the community and vice versa.
5. Filipinos embraced family and political parties. For the Filipinos, one does not only fulfill
reasons of the mind but of the heart and personal involvement as well. Whereas Rand upheld the
individual, Filipinos loob is essentially an interpersonal and social concept before it is a
privately, personal concept.
6. Filipinos look at themselves as holistic from interior dimension under the principle of
harmony. This encompasses Filipinos humanity, personality, theological perspective, and daily
experiences.
7. There is the apprehension on the group-oriented approach of the Filipino that might hamper
the individuals initiative and responsibility. It is contended that the individual should be
disciplined from within rather than fear of authority figure. Discipline and responsibility should
be inculcated especially through education.
8. Filipinos loob is the basis of Christian value of sensitivity to the needs of others and gratitude.
It encompassed give-and-take relationship among Filipinos. As such, repaying those who have
helped us is a manifestation of utang na loob or debt of gratitude. Loob is similar with other
Eastern views that aspire for harmony (sakop) with others, God and nature.
9. The concept of Rands free individual and Filipinoss view of the free human being may have
differences but can be overcome. The potential of the Filipino should be able to grow so that he
will be aware of his uniqueness.
10. Individualism, thus, should not be seen as selfishness but an affirmation of a truly human self
that is supreme value of human living. To be a free individual is to be responsible not only for
ones self but also for all. Thus, the individual becomes a free and creative person who asserts
ones uniqueness.
11. Kagandahang loob, kabutihang loob, and kalooban are terms that show sharing of ones self to
others. This is the freedom within loob. Loob puts one in touch with his fellow beings. Great
Philippine values, in fact, are essentially interpersonal. The use of intermediaries or go-betweens,
the values of loyalty, hospitality, pakikisama (camaraderie), and respect to authority are such
values that relate to persons.
12. Filipino ethics has an internal code and sanction that other legalistic moral philosophies that
are rather negative. The Filipino, who stresses duties over rights, has plenty in common, once
again with Chinese or Indians.
TOPIC # 8: Choices Have Consequences and Some Things Are
Given Up while Others Are Obtained in Making Choices
POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1. Twentieth century gave rise to the importance of the individual, the opposite of medieval
thought that was God-centered. For Ayn Rand (1996), individual mind is the tool for economic
progress vis--vis laissez faire capitalism.
2. Individual rights, as espoused by Hobbes and Rousseau, are not merely numbers. Rand rejects
collectivism because of its brute force. Though human beings have rights, there should also be
responsibility.
3. Rand cited the right to gain, to keep use, and to dispose of material values. Most developed
countries have disposed their toxic wastes to developing countries. Disposing material values,
this, is not just a matter of throwing wastes but projecting where to dump wastes that would not
impinge on the rights of others.
4. Individualism, as espoused by Rand, is lined in family dependency because Easterners believe
that the individual needs the community and vice versa.
5. Filipinos embraced family and political parties. For the Filipinos, one does not only fulfill
reasons of the mind but of the heart and personal involvement as well. Whereas Rand upheld the
individual, Filipinos loob is essentially an interpersonal and social concept before it is a
privately, personal concept.
6. Filipinos look at themselves as holistic from interior dimension under the principle of
harmony. This encompasses Filipinos humanity, personality, theological perspective, and daily
experiences.
7. There is the apprehension on the group-oriented approach of the Filipino that might hamper
the individuals initiative and responsibility. It is contended that the individual should be
disciplined from within rather than fear of authority figure. Discipline and responsibility should
be inculcated especially through education.
8. Filipinos loob is the basis of Christian value of sensitivity to the needs of others and gratitude.
It encompassed give-and-take relationship among Filipinos. As such, repaying those who have
helped us is a manifestation of utang na loob or debt of gratitude. Loob is similar with other
Eastern views that aspire for harmony (sakop) with others, God and nature.
9. The concept of Rands free individual and Filipinoss view of the free human being may have
differences but can be overcome. The potential of the Filipino should be able to grow so that he
will be aware of his uniqueness.
10. Individualism, thus, should not be seen as selfishness but an affirmation of a truly human self
that is supreme value of human living. To be a free individual is to be responsible not only for
ones self but also for all. Thus, the individual becomes a free and creative person who asserts
ones uniqueness.
11. Kagandahang loob, kabutihang loob, and kalooban are terms that show sharing of ones self to
others. This is the freedom within loob. Loob puts one in touch with his fellow beings. Great
Philippine values, in fact, are essentially interpersonal. The use of intermediaries or go-betweens,
the values of loyalty, hospitality, pakikisama (camaraderie), and respect to authority are such
values that relate to persons.
12. Filipino ethics has an internal code and sanction that other legalistic moral philosophies that
are rather negative. The Filipino, who stresses duties over rights, has plenty in common, once
again with Chinese or Indians.