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All About General Electric PG 9171 E Gas Turbine


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▼ 2013 (5)
2.2 TURBINE BASE AND SUPPORTS
▼ June (5)
2.2.1. TURBINE BASE 2.2 TURBINE BASE AND
SUPPORTS
Description : 2.1. GENERAL, FUNCTIONAL
The base upon which the gas turbine is mounted is a structural-steel fabrication of welded steel DESCRIPTION
beams and plate. It forms a single platform which provides support upon which to mount the gas
2. GAS TURBINE SUMMARY
turbine.
CONTENTS

In addition, the base supports the gas turbine inlet and exhaust plenums. Lifting trunnions and 1. EQUIPMENT DATA
supports are provided, two on each side of the base in line with the structural cross members of the Table of Contents
base frame. Machined pads, three on each side of the bottom of the base, facilitate its mounting to
the side foundation. Two machined pads, atop the base frame are provided for mounting the aft
turbine support.

2.2.2. TURBINE SUPPORTS

Description :

The gas turbine is mounted to its base by vertical supports. The forward support is located at the
lower half of the vertical flanges of the forward compressor casing, and the aft two support-legs are
located on either side of the turbine exhaust frame.

The forward support is a flexible plate that is bolted and doweled to the turbine base, at the forward
base cross frame beam, and bolted and doweled to the forward flanges of the forward compressor
casing.

The aft supports are leg-type supports, located one on each side of the turbine exhaust frame. Both
vertical support legs rest on machined pads on the base and attach snugly to the turbine exhaust-
frame-mounted support pads. The legs provide center-line support to supply casing alignment.

Fabricated to the outer surface of each aft support leg is a water jacket. Cooling water is circulated
through the jackets to minimize thermal expansion of the support legs and assist in maintaining
alignment between the turbine and the generator. The support legs maintain the axial and vertical
positions of the turbine, while a gib key coupled with the turbine support legs maintains its lateral
position.

Drawings of the turbine supports.

Forward Turbine Support


Aft Turbine Support Leg
(one on each side)

2.2.3. GIB KEY AND GUIDE BLOCK

Description :
A gib key is machined on the lower half of the turbine shell. The key fits into a guide block which is
welded to the turbine base aft cross beam. The key is held securely in place in the guide block with
bolts that bear against the key on each side.

This key-and-block arrangement prevents lateral or rotational movement of the turbine while
permitting axial and radial movement resulting from thermal expansion.

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2.1. GENERAL, FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

2.1.1. GENERAL ABOUT GAS TURBINE UNITS


A package power plant, as furnished for most installations, is comprised of the single-shaft, simple
cycle, heavy duty gas turbine unit driving a generator. Fuel and air are used by the gas turbine unit to
produce the shaft horsepower necessary to drive certain accessories and ultimately the driven load
generator.

The turbine unit is composed of a starting device, support systems, an axial-flow compressor,
combustion system components, a three-stage turbine. Both compressor and turbine are directly
connected with an in-line, single-shaft rotor supported by two pressure lubricated bearings. The inlet
end of the rotor shaft is coupled to an accessory gear having integral shafts that drive the fuel pump,
lubrication pump, and other system components.

2.1.2. GENERAL ABOUT GAS TURBINE UNITS


(Figure at the end of paragraph 2)
When the turbine starting system is actuated and the clutch is engaged, ambient air is drawn through
the inlet plenum assembly, filtered, then compressed in the 17th stage, axial flow compressor. For
pulsation protection during start-up, the 11th stage extraction valves are open and the variable inlet
guide vanes are in the closed position.

When the speed relay corresponding to 95 per cent speed actuates, the 11th stage extraction bleed
valves close automatically and the variable inlet guide vane actuator energizes to open the inlet guide
vanes (I.G.V.) to the normal turbine operating position.

Compressed air from the compressor flows into the annular space surrounding the fourteen
combustion chambers, from which it flows into the spaces between the outer combustion casings and
the combustion liners.

The fuel nozzles introduce the fuel into each of the fourteen combustion chambers where it mixes
with the combustion air and is ignited by both (or one, which is sufficient) of the two spark plugs.

At the instant one or both of the two spark plugs equipped combustion chambers is ignited, the
remaining combustion chambers are also ignited by crossfire tubes that connect the reaction zones of
the combustion chambers. After the turbine rotor approximates operating speed, combustion chamber
pressure causes the spark plugs to retract to remove their electrodes from the hot flame zone.

The hot gases from the combustion chambers expand into the fourteen separate transition pieces
attached to the aft end of the combustion chamber liners and flow towards the three stage turbine
section of the machine. Each stage consists of a row of fixed nozzles followed by a row of rotatable
turbine buckets. In each nozzle row, the kinetic energy of the jet is increased, with an associated
pressure drop, and in each following row of moving buckets, a portion of the kinetic energy of the jet
is absorbed as useful work on the turbine rotor. After passing through the 3rd stage buckets, the
exhaust gases are directed into the exhaust hood and diffuser which contains a series of turning
vanes to turn the gases from the axial direction to a radial direction, thereby minimizing exhaust hood
losses. Then, the gases pass into the exhaust plenum.

The resultant shaft rotation is used to turn the generator rotor, and drive certain accessories.
NOTE :
Throughout this manual, reference is made to the FORWARD and AFT ends, and the RIGHT and
LEFT sides of the gas turbine and its components.
By definition, the air inlet of the gas turbine is the forward end, while the exhaust end is the aft end.
The forward and aft ends of each component are determined in like manner with respect to its
orientation within the complete unit.
The RIGHT and LEFT sides of the turbine or of a particular component are determined by standing
forward and looking aft.

Simple Cycle Gas Turbine Flow Diagram

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2. GAS TURBINE SUMMARY CONTENTS

2.1. GENERAL, FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION


2.1.1. GENERAL ABOUT GAS TURBINE UNITS
2.1.2. GAS TURBINE FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

2.2. TURBINE BASE AND SUPPORTS


2.2.1. TURBINE BASE
2.2.2. TURBINE SUPPORTS
2.2.3. GIB KEY AND GUIDE BLOCK

2.3. COMPRESSOR SECTION


2.3.1. GENERAL
2.3.2. COMPRESSOR ROTOR
2.3.3. COMPRESSOR STATOR

2.4. COMBUSTION SECTION


2.4.1. GENERAL
2.4.2. COMBUSTION WRAPPER, COMBUSTION CHAMBERS AND CROSSFIRE TUBES
2.4.3. SPARK PLUGS AND FLAME DETECTORS
2.4.4. FUEL NOZZLES WITH DUAL CAPABILITIES (GAS)
2.4.5. TRANSITION PIECES
2.4.6. FALSE START DRAIN

2.5. TURBINE SECTION


2.5.1. GENERAL
2.5.2. TURBINE ROTOR
2.5.3. TURBINE STATOR
2.5.4. EXHAUST FRAME AND DIFFUSER

2.6. BEARINGS
2.6.1. GENERAL
2.6.2. DESCRIPTION

2.7. COUPLINGS
2.7.1. GENERAL
2.7.2. ACCESSORY GEAR AND LOAD COUPLING

2.8. ENCLOSURES
2.8.1. GENERAL

2.9. INLET AND EXHAUST SECTIONS


2.9.1. AIR INLET SYSTEM
2.9.2. EXHAUST SYSTEM

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1. EQUIPMENT DATA

1.1. GAS TURBINE DESIGN DATA

TYPE : PG 9171 E

GAS TURBINE APPLICATION : GENERATOR DRIVE

CYCLE : COMBINED CYCLE

TYPE OF OPERATION : BASE

COMPRESSOR : STAGE : 17 SPEED : 3000 R.P.M.

TURBINE : STAGE : 3 SPEED : 3000 R.P.M.

1.2. GAS TURBINE EQUIPMENT DATA SUMMARY

COMPRESSOR SECTION

Number of compressor stages - Seventeen (17)

Compressor type - Axial flow, heavy duty

Casing split - Horizontal flange

Inlet guide vanes type - Modulated

TURBINE SECTION

Number of turbine stages - Three (3) single shaft

Casing splits - Horizontal

Nozzles - Fixed area

COMBUSTION SECTION

Type - Fourteen (14) multiple combustors, reverse flow design


Fuel nozzles - One (1) per combustion chamber

Spark plugs - Two (2), electrode type. Spring-injected self-retracting

Flame detectors
Eight (8), ultra-violet type
Four (4) primary
Four (4) secondary

BEARING ASSEMBLIES

Quantity - Three (3)

Lubrication - Pressure lubricated

N° 1 bearing assembly (located in inlet casing assembly)


- Active and inactive thrust and journal, all contained in one assembly

Journal - Elliptical

Active thrust - Tilting pad, self-equalizing

Inactive thrust - Tapered land

N° 2 bearing assembly (located in the compressor discharge casing)


- Elliptical journal

N° 3 bearing assembly (located in the Exhaust frame)


- Journal, tilting pad

FUEL SYSTEM

Operating type - Natural gas DLN

Fuel control signal - SPEEDTRONIC control system

Gas stop/ratio and control - Electro-hydraulic servo-control valves

LUBRICATION SYSTEM

Lubricant - Petroleum base

Total capacity - 3,300 gallons (approx.) i.e. 12,491 liters (approx.)

Main lube pump - Shaft-driven, integral with accessory gear

Auxiliary lube pump - A.C. motor-driven, vertical, submerged, centrifugal type

Emergency lube pump - D.C. motor-driven, vertical, submerged, centrifugal type

Heat exchanger(s) :
Type - Oil heat to fresh water
Quantity - Two in parallel

Filter(s) :
Type - Full flow with transfer valve
Quantity - One (1)
Cartridge - type Five micron filtration pleated paper

COOLING WATER SYSTEM (in closed loop)

Pumps - Two (2) water pumps located on the water skid outside of the G.T. building

CONTROL - SPEEDTRONIC MARK VI control system

PROTECTION - Over temperature, vibration, flame detection

BLEED HEATING SYSTEM

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